CN206296711U - Planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device - Google Patents

Planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206296711U
CN206296711U CN201621440816.7U CN201621440816U CN206296711U CN 206296711 U CN206296711 U CN 206296711U CN 201621440816 U CN201621440816 U CN 201621440816U CN 206296711 U CN206296711 U CN 206296711U
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China
Prior art keywords
milling head
milling
bracket
line slideway
cylinder
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Active
Application number
CN201621440816.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贺鑫元
赵旭靖
严昊明
刘宗际
高峰
张广为
张扬
肖飞
杨坤
赵志华
刘青志
李健
李宁
张波
李宁宁
李忠原
吴颖霞
孙彧
丁哲
丁一哲
高明明
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SHENYANG MACHINE TOOL (Group) Co.,Ltd.
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ZHONGJIE MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201621440816.7U priority Critical patent/CN206296711U/en
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Abstract

Planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device, including electric control system, cylinder control valve group, stopping means and two groups of line slideways, it is characterized in that upper bracket and undersetting vertical direction are arranged above and below, it is fixed on column leading flank by high-strength bolt;Protection cap bracket gas cylinder and milling head bracket gas cylinder are separately fixed on upper bracket and undersetting, and two piston-rod ends of cylinder are connected with protection lid support and milling head support respectively;Protection lid support line slideway and milling head support line slideway are arranged on the upper surface and front end face of upper and lower bearing by screw respectively, and the sliding block of protection lid support and milling head support respectively with two groups of line slideways is fixed;Cylinder interior is provided with magnetic switch, used as position feedback device.There is more efficient, accurate service behaviour compared to the state of the art, its structure is simpler, compact, and space requirement is smaller, be more beneficial for saving the stroke of lathe, there is unique advantage on planer type numerical control boring and milling machine.

Description

Planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Machine Manufacture field, is related to the plug-type head storehouse device of planer type numerical control boring and milling machine.That is gantry The head storehouse that milling head in formula digital-control boring-milling machine is changed automatically.
Background technology
At present, in machine industry in ram and the automatic structure for changing class milling head, ram crawl milling head, ram and milling head Between tensioning mechanism generally in the form of multiple pull head oil cylinders or disk spring drive pulling claw to clamp milling head;Ram and milling head Between positioning then by ram spindle taper hole and milling head taper shank coordinate.When ram does not install milling head, but with the master of oneself , it is necessary to install protection cap in ram front end when axial cone hole clamping cutter is processed, tensioning mechanism is covered, prevent working angles Middle iron filings are splashed, and damage tensioning mechanism.
Domestic traditional automatic milling head substitute mode mainly has three kinds:The first is that milling head is placed on simple rack, Need to be moved on workbench milling head together with simple rack with crane when changing milling head, then by manually carrying out ram after centering Aligned with milling head, ram crawl milling head so far completes the connection of milling head and ram.Then milling head support is removed, changes a process Terminate.This changes a mode, and time-consuming, manually participates in many, complex steps, and precision is difficult to ensure that.Second is to do milling head support The side of machine pillar is arranged on, it is necessary to artificial when changing milling head be rocked to the vertical of lathe by milling head support into a rocker arm body Post front, column front is provided with fixed mechanism can be fixed on specified location by milling head support, then move ram to specified location Afterwards, ram stretches out automatic crawl milling head.After treating that milling head is caught away by ram, then manually by milling head support swing return to stud sides Face.This mode is convenient compared with the first, but still needs artificial participation.The third is along lathe bed length direction in column side Place and change a dolly and track by what servomotor drove, when needing to change milling head, change a dolly and be moved to specified location (i.e. Change a point), then ram be moved to change head point automatically crawl change head.This kind of mode is full-automatic replacing, but due to changing Head dolly is external and configuration servomotor is, it is necessary to increase high cost, and floor space is greatly, and arrangement is not easy between protection.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device, is realized certainly Move head, it is long that a time is changed in solution, changes a low precision, takes the excessive problem in lathe space.
This planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device, including electric control system, cylinder control valve group, Stopping means and two groups of line slideways, it is characterised in that upper bracket and undersetting vertical direction are arranged above and below, by high intensity It is bolted on machine pillar leading flank;Protection cap bracket gas cylinder and milling head bracket gas cylinder are separately fixed at upper bracket and lower branch On seat, two piston-rod ends of cylinder are connected with protection lid support and milling head support respectively;Protection lid support line slideway and Milling head support line slideway is arranged on the upper surface and front end face of upper and lower bearing by screw respectively, protects lid support and milling Sliding block of the head bracket respectively with two groups of line slideways is fixed;Cylinder interior is provided with magnetic switch, used as position feedback device.
The characteristics of the utility model is:
1st, power source when the utility model is moved using cylinder as milling head head storehouse, it and the milling head being widely used at present , compared to having more efficient, accurate service behaviour, its structure is simpler, compact, and space requirement is smaller, is more beneficial for for head library structure The stroke of lathe is saved, there is unique advantage on planer type numerical control boring and milling machine.
2nd, because protection cap and automatic milling head are identical with the interface of ram, the design is by protection cap as another automatic milling Head treatment, will protection lid support is upper and lower with milling head support is vertically arranged, saving lathe space.
3rd, the utility model has the magnetic switch of position detection at cylinder two ends, can be sent out when piston rod runs in place Go out signal.It is not required to extra contact switch.
The utility model by Zhongjie Machine Tool Co., Ltd planer type numerical control boring and milling machine GMC2040RL it is practical prove, be A kind of simple structure, compact, dependable performance, automatic head-changing head magazine mechanism flexible for installation.To improve the automation journey of the lathe Degree plays significant role.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse front view;
Fig. 2 is planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse left view.
In figure, 1 protection cap;2 right-angle milling heads;3 protection lid supports;4 milling head supports;5 upper brackets;6 undersettings;7 protection caps Support line slideway;8 milling head support line slideways;9 protection cap bracket gas cylinders;10 milling head bracket gas cylinders;11 process limited blocks;12 Backhaul limited block;13 briquettings;14 squeeze block.
Specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, Fig. 2 is that Fig. 1 left views turn clockwise 90 ° for structure of the present utility model and embodiment; In planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device, including electric control system, cylinder control valve group, stopping means with And two groups of line slideways, it is characterised in that upper bracket 5 and the vertical direction of undersetting 6 are arranged above and below, and are fixed by high-strength bolt On machine pillar leading flank;Protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9 is fixed on upper bracket 5, milling head bracket gas cylinder 10 and is fixed on undersetting 6 On, two piston-rod ends of cylinder are connected with protection lid support 3 and milling head support 4 respectively;The He of protection lid support line slideway 7 Milling head support line slideway 8 is arranged on the upper surface and front end face of upper and lower bearing 5,6 by screw respectively, then is pressurizeed respectively Block 13 and crowded block 14 will protect lid support line slideway 7 and the side of milling head support line slideway 8 to be positioned and compressed;Protection cap Support 3 and milling head support 4 are consolidated by screw with the sliding block of protection lid support line slideway 7 and milling head support line slideway 8 respectively Fixed connection, makes protection lid support 3 and milling head support 4 under the promotion of protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9 and milling head bracket gas cylinder 10, can Moved along protection lid support line slideway 7 and milling head support line slideway 8.Two groups of length of guide rail are more than respective holder width Twice, it is ensured that when support returns standby position, is not take up machine tooling region.Protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9 and milling head bracket gas cylinder 10 Inside is provided with magnet ring (i.e. magnetic switch), and when the piston rod movement of cylinder is to magnet ring position, magnetic switch is anti-to digital control system A signal is fed to, informs that protection lid support 3 or milling head support 4 have moved to position.In order to ensure robust motion and security, In addition to the magnetic switch of cylinder interior, in the device of plug-type head storehouse 5,6 also on the upper and lower bearing on be provided with process limited block 11 and backhaul limited block 12, limited block uses hydraulic damping device.
The course of work of head storehouse device is as follows:
When changing, machine tool numerical control system makes the cylinder in a storehouse complete to change in a program and design by controlling pneumatic valve group Change head action, promote protection lid support and milling head support to change a coordinate position to what is formulated in program successively;After in place, cylinder On magnetic switch to system feedback signal in place, digital control system controls ram to complete remaining and change head to act again;Head is changed to have acted Cheng Hou, digital control system controls cylinder that support is returned into position of readiness, completes the whole series and changes a program.
Operator is sent after changing head instruction, and machine tool numerical control system controls protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9 by pneumatic valve group, promotes Protection lid support 3 is moved along protection lid support line slideway 7 from position of readiness to a position is changed;When protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9 Piston rod drives protection lid support 3 to move to when near process magnetic switch, and protection lid support 3 bumps against process limited block first 11, the hydraulic bjuffer of process limited block 11 makes protection lid support 3 steadily slow down, and a position is changed until protection lid support 3 is reached, Trigger magnetic switch feedback process signal in place, the stop motion of system control protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9;Following system control machine Bed ram movement to protection cap changes a point coordinates position, and control pull head oil cylinder is unclamped, and protection cap 1 is returned on protection lid support 3; After protection cap 1 is disengaged with ram, ram internal pressure switch can be triggered, signal is disengaged to system feedback protection cap 1.System is connected to After disengaging signal, control protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9 drives protection cap 1 and protection lid support 3 to return to position of readiness, when protection cap branch Frame 3 is reached when near position of readiness, and backhaul limited block 12 is bumped against first, and the hydraulic bjuffer on backhaul limited block 12 works, Principle is identical with process limited block;After the backhaul of lid support 3 is protected in place, the magnetic switch of protection cap bracket gas cylinder 9 feeds back to Journey protects lid support backhaul signal in place.
System is connected to the backhaul of protection lid support 3 in place after signal, control milling head bracket gas cylinder 10 promote milling head support 4 and The milling head 2 of internal stent, moves to a position is changed, and principle is as before;Milling head support 4 is reached after changing a position, numerical control system System control ram movement changes head point position coordinates to milling head, and controls pull head oil cylinder to clamp, and milling head 2 is combined with ram;Change After the completion of head action, ram internal pressure is switched and clamps signal in place to system feedback, and the ram of system control afterwards is moved upwards, Milling head 2 is pulled out from milling head support 4, it is ensured that milling head 2 does not exist movement interference with milling head support 4;Afterwards, system control milling Head bracket cylinder 10 drives milling head support 4 to return to position of readiness in a storehouse device, and a whole set of milling head is changed program and is automatically performed.Entirely Process automatically controls realization by program setting, is not required to artificial participation.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device, including electric control system, cylinder control valve group, limit Position device and two groups of line slideways, it is characterised in that upper bracket (5) and undersetting (6) vertical direction are arranged above and below, by height Strength bolts are fixed on machine pillar leading flank;Protection cap bracket gas cylinder (9) and milling head bracket gas cylinder (10) are separately fixed at On upper bracket (5) and undersetting (6), two piston-rod ends of cylinder respectively with protection lid support (3) and milling head support (4) phase Even;Protection lid support line slideway (7) and milling head support line slideway (8) are arranged on upper and lower bearing (5,6) by screw respectively Upper surface and front end face on, protection lid support (3) and milling head support (4) respectively by screw with protect lid support line slideway (7) sliding block with milling head support line slideway (8) is fixedly connected;Cylinder interior is provided with magnetic switch, used as position feedback device.
2. planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula according to claim 1 head storehouse device, it is characterised in that it is described it is upper, After line slideway is installed on undersetting (5,6), then pressurizing block (13) and crowded block (14) _ will protection lid support line slideway respectively (7) position and compress with milling head support line slideway (8) side.
3. planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula according to claim 1 head storehouse device, it is characterised in that on described Bearing (5), undersetting (6) are separately installed with upper bracket process limited block (11) and upper bracket backhaul limited block (12), limited block Can prevent bearing from departing from stroke range, and weaken support motion impact, play safeguard protection effect.
CN201621440816.7U 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device Active CN206296711U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621440816.7U CN206296711U (en) 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621440816.7U CN206296711U (en) 2016-12-26 2016-12-26 Planer type numerical control boring and milling machine automatic push-pull formula head storehouse device

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CN206296711U true CN206296711U (en) 2017-07-04

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112506140A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-03-16 宁夏大学 Space circular interpolation method and system of five-axis linkage water cutting machine tool

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112506140A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-03-16 宁夏大学 Space circular interpolation method and system of five-axis linkage water cutting machine tool

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20210917

Address after: No.17a1, Kaifa Road, Shenyang Economic and Technological Development Zone, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province

Patentee after: SHENYANG MACHINE TOOL (Group) Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 110141, No. 17, No. 1, development road, Shenyang economic and Technological Development Zone, Shenyang, Liaoning

Patentee before: CHINA-CZECHOSLOVAKIA MACHINE TOOL Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right