CN206289491U - A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system - Google Patents

A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206289491U
CN206289491U CN201621234479.6U CN201621234479U CN206289491U CN 206289491 U CN206289491 U CN 206289491U CN 201621234479 U CN201621234479 U CN 201621234479U CN 206289491 U CN206289491 U CN 206289491U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
pavement
greenery patches
permeable
layer
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201621234479.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱朝艳
杜松遥
张延年
董锦坤
刘敬宇
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Liaoning University of Technology
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Liaoning University of Technology
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Priority to CN201621234479.6U priority Critical patent/CN206289491U/en
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Publication of CN206289491U publication Critical patent/CN206289491U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of pavement, greenery patches and harvests water system, and its composition includes pavement, water-permeable pipe and greenery patches, and the pavement is the road of water-permeable brick laying, and water-permeable pipe is embedded in road cushion, is basic unit, screed-coat, brick layer on bed course.Greenery patches is constituted by planting basic unit, coarse sand filtering layer, crushed gravel layer, plantation basic unit behaviour work soil, is provided with non-woven geotextile between the crushed gravel filtering layer and coarse sand filtering layer, greenery patches, road lap-joint from road cushion brick work garden wall to being higher by greenery patches top layer.The utility model be applied to ground or underground space top board, increase greenery area while, can drainage retaining catchment.The planting matrix light weight water conservation in greenery patches, can effectively filter harmful substance in rainwater, in drought season, plant not water shortage, in heavy showers season, rainwater can be by filtering layer by layer, it is pooled at water-permeable pipe along the gradient, is collected into municipal collecting conduit, promotes the recycling of water.

Description

A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to urban construction design field, specifically provides a kind of pavement, greenery patches and harvests water system.
Background technology
China is a country for drought and water shortage, but is again the most country of water consumption in the world.In recent years, municipal water The tensity increasingly significant of resource, but many cities that rainfall is plentiful can not drainage waterlogging prevention in time.Summer in 2015, Hubei, The ground such as Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Guizhou, Guangxi " a drenching rain ", national 20 provinces(Area, city)Tens of millions of people is disaster-stricken, greatly Amount crops suffer damage, and storm flood causes the economic loss of tens billion of units directly to us, build compeling for sponge city Cutting property becomes urgently treat.Sponge city, is new generation of city storm water man- agement concept, refers to that city is adapting to environmental change and answering The aspects such as the natural calamity brought to rainwater have good " elasticity ", rain when water suction, retaining, infiltration, water purification, it is necessary to when general The water " release " that stores simultaneously is used, and effectively preserves the ecological environment, and effectively alleviates the lance of China's short water supply and rainy season flood Shield.Making " sponge city " should suit measures to local conditions to be resorted to the measure of own characteristic.City increases Green Space Construction, and enhancing greenery patches stores Water water-collecting capacity and draining in time, are a kind of thinkings for building sponge city.In addition to greening is increased in ground earth's surface, can also be to city City's shallow underground engineering such as business, top board of entertainment type suitably carries out Greening Design.
Utility model content
For the problem that prior art is present, the utility model aims to provide a kind of pavement for permeable road, and greenery patches sets Retaining water conservation is calculated as, can effectively alleviate the product flood of heavy rain, torrential rain, make full use of greenery patches and Route for pedestrians to collect discharge rainwater Water storage system.The utility model is applied to ground or underground space top board, while increasing greenery area, being capable of drainage retaining collection Water.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system, and its composition includes people's row Road, water-permeable pipe, greenery patches and garden wall, set water-permeable pipe under the pavement, the distribution of green areas is in pavement both sides;
The pavement is water permeable sidewalk, and pavement top layer is permeable brick layer, and permeable brick layer bottom is followed successively by permeable looking for Flat bed, permeable cement stabilized macadam base, granular cushion;The granular cushion is layed on top board or ground, and Pavement skin surface is apart from top board or ground 500-600mm;
Its bottom of the greenery patches is layed on top board or ground for crushed gravel filtering layer, is equipped with thick on crushed gravel filtering layer successively Sand filter blanket, plantation basic unit;The plantation substrate surface is higher than water-permeable brick layer surface, and the discrepancy in elevation is 300-600mm;On pavement and The intersection in greenery patches is provided with garden wall to the discrepancy in elevation from granular cushion and is higher by 100mm, and the edge in greenery patches is certainly Garden wall is also equipped with face or top board, the setting of garden wall enables to the water on top to dirty, it is to avoid water laterally flows It is dynamic.
The water-permeable pipe is plastic blind-ditch water-permeable pipe, and it is layed in granular cushion center, graded broken stone along pavement Bed course 200-300mm high, permeable bore is 100-140mm, and water-permeable pipe has permeable tube socket.
The crushed gravel thickness of filter bed is 300-400mm, particle diameter 50mm ± 5mm;The coarse sand thickness of filter bed is 200- 300mm, particle diameter is 4mm ± 1mm.
Non-woven geotextile is provided between the crushed gravel filtering layer and coarse sand filtering layer.
The top board or ground are set to edges of regions to center certain slope, and center is relatively low, and edges of regions is higher, slope It is 1%-3% to spend such that it is able to ensures that water collects to center, and is collected by water-permeable pipe.
The greenery patches crushed gravel filtering layer is connected with granular cushion.
The garden wall upper surface is 100mm with the difference in height on greenery patches surface.
The plantation basic unit is a kind of artificial soil, and compounding mass ratio is red soil:Vermiculite:Perlite:Peat=5: 1:1:3, planting matrix thickness should determine according to planted vegetation pattern.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:It is empty that the utility model is used for earth's surface ground or underground Between top board when, greenery area can be increased, at the same can drainage retaining catchment;The planting matrix light weight water conservation in greenery patches, can effectively filter Harmful substance in rainwater, in drought season, plant not water shortage, in heavy showers season, rainwater can be by filtering, along slope layer by layer Degree is pooled at water-permeable pipe, is collected into municipal collecting conduit, promotes the recycling of water.When the utility model is used for ground, Rainwater can also be made to permeate the ground recharge groundwater, while also a part of water, heavy rain, continuous rainy weather can be collected by water-permeable pipe Energy rapid infiltrated, draining, it is to avoid surface gathered water.
The planting matrix layer in greenery patches uses retaining and the preferable vermiculite of retentiveness, perlite and common red soil, fertile soil Compounding, can effectively attract deposit filtering rainwater;The rainwater while water-storage-drainage layer of shallow-layer greenery patches bottom can effectively regulate and store;200mm thickness The planting matrix water holding time is 4~5d, is 2 times of typical laterite earth.Greenery patches is entered to rain water pollutant COD, NH3-N, TN, TP Row purification, clearance respectively 54.5%~60.3%, 46.3%~69.3%, 48.5%~61.0% and 46.3%~54.0% it Between, catharsis is mainly reflected in planting matrix layer;System arid water conservation, middle light rain retaining, heavy rain heavy rain integrate draining, and retaining With catchment while carry out or retaining, seep water and catchment while carry out, rainwater under the system by oozing, stagnant storage, purification, reuse, most Remainder runoff is collected by pipe network or arranged by outside pumping plant afterwards, effectively improves the standard of city drainage system, extenuates city The pressure of city's waterlogging, protects urban ecological environment.
Brief description of the drawings
The pavement in the utility model, greenery patches are harvested by water system and be described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model pavement, greenery patches collected water storage System planes figure;
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional views in Fig. 1, and runoff situation shown in figure is located in the ground the situation of space top board for the system;
Fig. 3 is the utility model Route for pedestrians structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the utility model greenery patches generalized section;
Fig. 5 is rainfall runoff schematic diagram of the system construction on earth's surface ground, and contexture is identical with Fig. 2 in figure;
In figure:1 is greenery patches;2 is pavement;1-1 is crushed gravel filtering layer;1-2 is coarse sand filtering layer;1-3 is planting matrix;1- 4 is garden wall;1-5 is non-woven geotextile;2-1 is granular cushion;2-2 is permeable cement stabilized macadam base;2-3 is Permeable screed-coat;2-4 is permeable brick layer;3 is plastic blind-ditch water-permeable pipe;4 is permeable tube socket.
Specific embodiment
In order to further illustrate the utility model, the utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but not They can be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model protection domain.
A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system, as shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 2, mainly greenery patches 1, Route for pedestrians 2 and water-permeable pipe The plane and section of 3 three parts, section have marked the runoff process of rainwater.
A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system, and its composition includes pavement 2, water-permeable pipe 3, greenery patches 1 and garden wall 1- 4, the setting water-permeable pipe of the pavement 2 times, the greenery patches 1 is distributed in the both sides of pavement 2;
The pavement 2 is water permeable sidewalk, and the top layer of pavement 2 is permeable brick layer 2-4, and permeable brick layer 2-4 bottoms are successively It is permeable screed-coat 2-3, permeable cement stabilized macadam base 2-2, granular cushion 2-1;The granular cushion 2-1 pavings On top board or ground, and the skin surface of pavement 2 is apart from top board or ground 500-600mm;Pavement road section is shown in figure 3。
Its bottom of the greenery patches 1 is layed on top board or ground for crushed gravel filtering layer 1-1, as shown in figure 4, crushed gravel filtering layer Coarse sand filtering layer 1-2, plantation basic unit 1-3 are equipped with 1-1 successively;The plantation basic unit 1-3 surfaces are high with permeable brick layer 2-4 surfaces Difference is about 300-600mm;Intersection in pavement 2 and greenery patches 1 is provided with garden wall 1-4 from granular cushion 2-1 It is higher by 100mm to the discrepancy in elevation, the edge in greenery patches 1 is also equipped with garden wall 1-4 from ground or top board, as shown in Figure 2.
The water-permeable pipe is plastic blind-ditch water-permeable pipe 3, and it is layed in granular cushion 2-1 centers along pavement 2, and level is matched somebody with somebody Blotter 2-1 200-300mm high, permeable bore is 100-140mm, and water-permeable pipe has permeable tube socket 4.
The crushed gravel filtering layer 1-1 thickness is 300-400mm, particle diameter 50mm ± 5mm;The coarse sand filtering layer 1-2 thickness is 200-300mm, particle diameter is 4mm ± 1mm.
Non-woven geotextile 1-5 is provided between the crushed gravel filtering layer 1-1 and coarse sand filtering layer 1-2, as shown in Figure 4
The top board or ground are set to edges of regions to center certain slope, and the gradient is 1%-3%.
The crushed gravel filtering layer 1-1 in the greenery patches 1 is connected with granular cushion 2-1.
The garden wall 1-4 upper surfaces are 100mm with the difference in height on the surface of greenery patches 1.
The plantation basic unit 1-3 is a kind of artificial soil, and compounding mass ratio is red soil:Vermiculite:Perlite:Peat =5:1:1:3, planting matrix thickness should determine according to planted vegetation pattern.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 5, it can be seen that the system current direction, the planting matrix light weight water conservation in greenery patches, energy in application Effective harmful substance in filtering rainwater, in drought season, plant not water shortage, in heavy showers season, rainwater can be by layer by layer Filtering, is pooled at water-permeable pipe along the gradient, is collected into municipal collecting conduit, promotes the recycling of water.The utility model is used When ground, moreover it is possible to rainwater is permeated the ground recharge groundwater, while also a part of water, heavy rain, company can be collected by water-permeable pipe Continuous rainy weather energy rapid infiltrated, draining, it is to avoid surface gathered water.
The above is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it is noted that for those skilled in the art, On the premise of the utility model principle is not departed from, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications should also be regarded It is protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system, it is characterised in that:Its composition includes pavement, water-permeable pipe and greenery patches, described Water-permeable pipe is set under pavement, and the distribution of green areas is in pavement both sides;
The pavement be water permeable sidewalk, pavement top layer be permeable brick layer, permeable brick layer bottom be followed successively by permeable screed-coat, Permeable cement stabilized macadam base, granular cushion;The granular cushion is layed on top board or ground, and pavement Skin surface is apart from top board or ground 500-600mm;
Its bottom of the greenery patches is layed on top board or ground for crushed gravel filtering layer, is equipped with coarse sand filter on crushed gravel filtering layer successively Layer, plantation basic unit;The plantation substrate surface is higher than water-permeable brick layer surface, and the discrepancy in elevation is 300-600mm;In pavement and greenery patches Lap-joint garden wall is provided with from granular cushion to being higher by greenery patches surface;
The water-permeable pipe is plastic blind-ditch water-permeable pipe, and it is layed in granular cushion center, granular cushion along pavement 200-300mm high, permeable bore is 100-140mm, and water-permeable pipe has permeable tube socket.
2. pavement according to claim 1, greenery patches harvest water system, it is characterised in that:The crushed gravel thickness of filter bed It is 300-400mm, particle diameter 50mm ± 5mm;The coarse sand thickness of filter bed is 200-300mm, and particle diameter is 4mm ± 1mm.
3. pavement according to claim 1, greenery patches harvest water system, it is characterised in that:The crushed gravel filtering layer with it is thick Non-woven geotextile is provided between sand filter blanket.
4. pavement according to claim 1, greenery patches harvest water system, it is characterised in that:The top board or ground are set For edges of regions to center has certain slope, center is relatively low, and the gradient is 1%-3%.
5. pavement according to claim 1, greenery patches harvest water system, it is characterised in that:The crushed gravel filter in the greenery patches Layer is connected with granular cushion.
6. pavement according to claim 1, greenery patches harvest water system, it is characterised in that:The garden wall upper surface It is 100mm with the difference in height on greenery patches surface.
CN201621234479.6U 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system Expired - Fee Related CN206289491U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621234479.6U CN206289491U (en) 2016-11-17 2016-11-17 A kind of pavement, greenery patches harvest water system

Publications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106677011A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-05-17 辽宁工业大学 Sidewalk and greenbelt water collecting and storing system
CN107794822A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-03-13 东南大学 A kind of porous pavement based on sponge the idea of the city
CN107829347A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-23 中国冶集团有限公司 Structure of sidewalk and its construction method for city natural sod
CN109868704A (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-06-11 蔡岱君 With draining to road engineering method and road drainage system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106677011A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-05-17 辽宁工业大学 Sidewalk and greenbelt water collecting and storing system
CN107794822A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-03-13 东南大学 A kind of porous pavement based on sponge the idea of the city
CN107829347A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-23 中国冶集团有限公司 Structure of sidewalk and its construction method for city natural sod
CN107829347B (en) * 2017-10-31 2020-11-27 中国一冶集团有限公司 Sidewalk structure for urban natural turf and construction method thereof
CN109868704A (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-06-11 蔡岱君 With draining to road engineering method and road drainage system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170630

Termination date: 20171117