CN206286636U - Bar cuts equipment - Google Patents

Bar cuts equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206286636U
CN206286636U CN201621382122.2U CN201621382122U CN206286636U CN 206286636 U CN206286636 U CN 206286636U CN 201621382122 U CN201621382122 U CN 201621382122U CN 206286636 U CN206286636 U CN 206286636U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
movable blade
bar
connecting rod
passage
movable
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CN201621382122.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林友旺
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Ruian Zhongkai Automation Technology Co Ltd
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Ruian Zhongkai Automation Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621382122.2U priority Critical patent/CN206286636U/en
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Publication of CN206286636U publication Critical patent/CN206286636U/en
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Abstract

Bar cuts equipment, includes feed mechanism, shearing mechanism and transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism is connected with feed mechanism and shearing mechanism respectively, and feed mechanism is connected with shearing mechanism, it is characterised in that:Shearing mechanism includes fixed knife system and movable knife system, fixed knife system includes fixing cutter, fixing cutter is fixedly installed in frame, movable knife system includes movable blade, movable blade reciprocating movement in frame is set, and movable blade is driven by transmission mechanism and carries out reciprocating movement, and fixing cutter is respectively provided with cutting passage with movable blade, cutting passage is coaxially disposed and cuts passage and mutually reclines, and the radial misalignments that cutting passage carry out move to form shearing cooperation;Bar can be cut, shear plane is smooth, it is impulse- free robustness, more smooth, cut speed fast.

Description

Bar cuts equipment
Technical field
The utility model is related to bar to cut equipment.
Background technology
Refer to the circle or polygon for having certain length for bar is compared to sheet material and other section bars(Such as square)It is long The material of rod shape.Bar is usually the raw material of forging, such as iron staff, is produced by way of stretching or mould are extruded Make.Bar is pressed into Production requirement(Such as preseting length on demand)Cut(Cut, cut off), then will cut after bar Forged for forging equipment.
Utility model content
In view of technical problem present in background technology, the technical problem that the utility model is solved aims to provide a kind of rod Material cutting equipment.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model is adopted the following technical scheme that:Bar cuts equipment, includes and send Material mechanism, shearing mechanism and transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism be connecteds with feed mechanism and shearing mechanism respectively, feed mechanism and cutting Mechanism is connected, it is characterised in that:Shearing mechanism includes fixed knife system and movable knife system, and fixed knife system includes fixation Knife, fixing cutter is fixedly installed in frame, and movable knife system includes movable blade, and movable blade reciprocating movement in frame is set, living Moving knife is driven by transmission mechanism and carries out reciprocating movement, and fixing cutter is respectively provided with cutting passage with movable blade, is cut passage and is coaxially disposed And cut passage mutually to recline, the radial misalignments that cutting passage carry out move to form shearing cooperation.
Feed mechanism includes first connecting rod and second connecting rod, and first connecting rod and second connecting rod are arranged in a crossed manner and first connect Bar and second connecting rod their infall are hinged in frame, and first connecting rod and second connecting rod are respectively provided with master in the bottom of hinged place Drawing-inroller, secondary drawing-inroller is respectively provided with the top of hinged place, main drawing-inroller with it is secondary drawing-inroller is corresponding is engaged, transmission mechanism includes There are feed gearing and material folding transmission device, feed gearing is connected with main drawing-inroller, feed gearing drives Main drawing-inroller rotates feeding, and material folding transmission device is connected with first connecting rod and second connecting rod, and material folding transmission device drives the , around hinged place reciprocally swinging, reciprocally swinging makes main drawing-inroller be close to and separate with secondary drawing-inroller for one connecting rod and second connecting rod.
Main drawing-inroller is coaxially connected with the first feeding gear, and the second feeding gear is provided with cross-articulation), the first feeding tooth Wheel coordinates transmission with the intermeshing of the second feeding gear, and feed gearing includes feeding motor, and feeding motor is sent with second Material gear drive connection, material folding transmission device includes material folding cylinder, and material folding cylinder is by third connecting rod and first connecting rod and the Two link transmissions are connected.
Movable blade includes movable cutter head and movable tool rest, and movable cutter head is arranged on movable tool rest, and movable tool rest rises up and down Drop is set, and fixing cutter includes fixed cutter head and fixed tool rest, and fixed cutter head is arranged on fixed tool rest, is cut passage and is cut for circular Face or square-section passage, cut passage and are located on movable cutter head and fixed cutter head, and movable blade is located at the front side of fixing cutter, feeding Mechanism is located at the rear of fixing cutter.
Transmission mechanism includes reset buffer system, and reset buffer system is connected with movable blade, and reset buffer system includes There are hydraulic means, back-moving spring and movable blade stopping means, hydraulic means and back-moving spring are connected and carry out with movable blade Reset and coordinate, when movable blade is reset to extreme position, the passage of cutting of movable blade is in same axle position with the cutting passage of fixing cutter Put.
Transmission mechanism includes compression system, and compression system includes pressed sheet and pressure transmission device, and pressed sheet is by applying Pressure transmission device drives and carries out reciprocating action, and pressed sheet transmission movable blade coordinates fixing cutter cutting action.
Pressure transmission device is cam gear, and pressed sheet lifting is reciprocal to be set, and pressed sheet is arranged on movable blade top, Pressed sheet pushes transmission movable blade decline and carries out cutting action;Cam gear includes lifter slide and driving cam, rises Drop slide plate lifts setting in frame, and lifter slide is provided with the first driving hole, sliding block is provided with the first driving hole, and sliding block exists Slided in first driving hole and set, sliding block transmission lifter slide oscilaltion, sliding block is provided with the second driving hole, the second driving hole Interior matching sets driving cam, and driving cam rotational band movable slider moves up and down, and pressed sheet is connected in lifter slide Lower section.
Shearing mechanism also includes device for discharging;Device for discharging includes discharge ram, and discharge ram is towards the work after dislocation The cutting passage of moving knife moves back and forth setting, and discharge ram is driven by transmission mechanism and moved back and forth;Transmission mechanism includes multiple Position device, the first discharging gear, the second discharging gear and rotary swinging arm, rotary swinging arm are driven by pressed sheet and carry out forward swing, are rotated Swing arm is connected with the first teeth portion, and the first teeth portion is connected with the first discharging gear, and the first discharging gear is same with the second discharging gear Axle synchronous axial system, discharge ram is connected with the second teeth portion, and the second teeth portion is connected with the second discharging gear, and rotary swinging arm is by resetting Device transmission carries out backswing.
Also include supplied materials induction installation in place, the induction installation includes limit base, the touching bar with reset function and touching The detection block that bar is connected(36), detection detection block positional information sensor, before the end face of limit base is located at movable blade Side, touching bar is moved forward and backward on limit base, and the head for touching bar exposes the end face of limit base, and the head of touching bar is located to be cut Front when passage is coaxial, limit base is arranged in mounting seat, and limit base is moved forward and backward in mounting seat and set, and limit base is by preceding Transmission device drives and is moved forward and backward afterwards, and sensor couples with front and rear transmission device.
Shearing mechanism also includes material-supporting device, and material-supporting device includes retainer cylinder, is material passing passage, retainer in the middle of retainer cylinder The front end of cylinder is connected with first flange, and the rear end of retainer cylinder is connected with second flange, first flange and second flange had material mouth with Material passing passage is connected, and material passing passage is connected with passage is cut, and first flange is located at the rear side of fixing cutter, first flange and fixing cutter Top pressure coordinates.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that bar can be cut, and shear plane is smooth, impulse- free robustness, more smooth, are cut Disconnected speed is fast, and the utility model has substantive distinguishing features and progress compared with prior art.
Brief description of the drawings
The relevant details and operation principle of implementation method of the present utility model and embodiment are described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is dimensional structure diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is positive structure diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the backsight structural representation of feed mechanism in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the side structure schematic view of feed mechanism in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is another angle dimensional structure diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is the positive structure diagram of part A removal cover plate cover lid in Fig. 1,2.
Fig. 7 is the dimensional structure diagram on rear side of Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the partial sectional view of shearing mechanism in Fig. 2.
Specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, bar cuts equipment in present embodiment, includes feed mechanism 1, shearing mechanism 2 and driver Structure.Transmission mechanism is connected with feed mechanism 1 and shearing mechanism 2 respectively.Feed mechanism is connected with shearing mechanism, by feed mechanism Cut during charge bar is sent into shearing mechanism.
Shearing mechanism 2 includes fixed knife system and movable knife system, and fixed knife system includes fixing cutter 3, fixing cutter 3 It is fixedly installed in frame, movable knife system includes movable blade 4, and the reciprocating movement in frame of movable blade 4 is set, in the present embodiment For movable blade 4 will carry out oscilaltion reciprocating movement(Vertical direction), movable blade 4 by transmission mechanism drive carry out reciprocating movement. Fixing cutter 3 and movable blade 4 are respectively provided with cutting passage, the cuttings passage of fixing cutter and the cutting passage of movable blade be coaxially disposed and This two cuttings passage mutually reclines, and it refers to that two cutting passages are on same level line to be coaxially disposed, and its center axis overlap, and work as work When moving knife activity, two cut passage generation radial misalignments formation shearing coordinates.That is the cutting passage and movable blade of fixing cutter Cutting passage the bar in two passages is cut from boundary.
Feed mechanism includes first connecting rod 5 and second connecting rod 6, and first connecting rod 5 and second connecting rod 6 are arranged in a crossed manner and One connecting rod and second connecting rod their infall are hinged in frame, and first connecting rod and second connecting rod form criss-cross construction. First connecting rod and second connecting rod are respectively provided with main drawing-inroller 7 in the bottom of hinged place, and secondary drawing-inroller is respectively provided with the top of hinged place 8, main drawing-inroller 7 with it is secondary drawing-inroller 8 is corresponding is engaged, main drawing-inroller 7 and feed gearing drive connection, feed gearing Main drawing-inroller is driven to rotate.During feeding, bar 45 is located at the position between main drawing-inroller 7 and secondary drawing-inroller 8, and clamps by forward Conveying.Main drawing-inroller 7 and secondary drawing-inroller 8 have the feeding recess matched with ingot shapes, such as circular bar, and feeding recess is Circular arc, so as to more preferable feeding.And in shearing, stop feeding and secondary drawing-inroller clamps bar with the cooperation of main drawing-inroller, Make material more stable, sheared blank end face is more smooth.Transmission mechanism includes feed gearing and material folding transmission device, and feeding is passed Dynamic device is connected with main drawing-inroller, and feed gearing drives main drawing-inroller 7 to rotate feeding, by driving main drawing-inroller 7 Rotate to be fed forward bar, secondary drawing-inroller 8 carries out cooperation feeding;Material folding transmission device is passed with first connecting rod 5 and second connecting rod 6 Move connection and material folding transmission device drives first connecting rod 5 and second connecting rod 6 around hinged place reciprocally swinging, reciprocally swinging send master Material wheel is close to and separates with secondary drawing-inroller.Material folding conveying, feeding and cutting stabilization are carried out when being close to, can be for new rod after separation Material enters between main drawing-inroller and secondary drawing-inroller, and after new bar enters, main drawing-inroller and secondary drawing-inroller enter near clamping new bar Row conveying.
In the present embodiment, main drawing-inroller 7 is coaxially connected with the first feeding gear 9, and the second feeding tooth is provided with cross-articulation Wheel 10, the first feeding gear 9 and the intermeshing of the second feeding gear 10 coordinate transmission, and feed gearing includes feeding electricity Machine, feeding motor is connected with the second feeding gear, can be driven by chain, and feeding motor is with clutch or takes away certainly Function is closed, can be driven in feeding, other situations(As cut)Under may be at stop feeding, realize interval coordinate gives Material.In addition to gear coordinates, cooperation transmission can also be carried out using synchronizing wheel and Timing Belt, not launch explanation, this implementation herein Example coordinates transmission more to stablize using gear.Material folding transmission device includes material folding cylinder 11, and material folding cylinder 11 is arranged on top, Material folding cylinder is connected by third connecting rod 12 with first connecting rod 5 and second connecting rod 6, referring to accompanying drawing, the 3rd in the present embodiment Connecting rod 12 includes two small rods in left and right, and one end and the first connecting rod or second connecting rod of small rod be hinged, the other end and material folding The piston drive axle of cylinder 11 is hinged.Its operation principle is that the piston rod of material folding cylinder 11 stretches out, and bar is by main drawing-inroller 7 and pair Drawing-inroller 8 is clamped, and conveying is cut afterwards in place, and bar is jammed before cutting, it is to avoid the movement of bar during cutting, bar is cut Disconnected effect more preferably, cuts end face more flat smooth, conveys more stable;After the completion of whole bar is all cut, material folding cylinder 11 piston rods are retracted, and main drawing-inroller and secondary drawing-inroller separately enter for new bar.
In the present embodiment, rotating shaft 41 is respectively provided with first connecting rod 5 and second connecting rod 6, rotating shaft 41 is rotated and set, rotating shaft 41 One end is fixedly connected for main drawing-inroller 7, and the other end of rotating shaft 41 is fixedly connected for the first feeding gear 9, and frame is provided with foreboard 42 and back plate 43, first connecting rod and second connecting rod carry out interconnection, and first connecting rod and second connecting rod by central shaft 44 It is hinged between foreboard 42 and back plate 43 by central shaft 44, first connecting rod and second connecting rod will be between front and rear panels simultaneously Rotated around central shaft, main drawing-inroller 7 and secondary drawing-inroller 8 are arranged on the front side of foreboard 42, the first feeding gear 9 and the second feeding Gear 10 is arranged on the rear side of back plate 43, and fixing axle 46 is also equipped with first connecting rod and second connecting rod, and secondary drawing-inroller 8 is rotated and set In fixing axle 46, rolling bearing can be set between secondary drawing-inroller and fixing axle.It is rational in infrastructure, first connecting rod and second connecting rod Operate steadily, arc-shaped slot can also be set on the front plate and the back plate for rotating shaft or the spacing swing of fixing axle, run more stable.Turn Wheel seat 47 is respectively provided with axle 41 and fixing axle 46, rolling bearing is arranged between wheel seat 47 and fixing axle 46, wheel seat 47 is fixed and set Put in rotating shaft 41;Main drawing-inroller 7 and secondary drawing-inroller 8 are arranged and are fixed on corresponding wheel seat 47, by fastener such as spiral shell Bolt is fixed, and there is inner ring to coordinate installation with wheel seat 47 for main drawing-inroller and secondary drawing-inroller, install more convenient, it is to avoid main drawing-inroller With fixing axle, secondary drawing-inroller and rotating shaft because installation causes dismounting inconvenient.
Movable blade 4 includes movable cutter head 13 and movable tool rest 14, and movable cutter head 13 is arranged on movable tool rest 14, movable blade 14 oscilaltions of seat are set, and shoulder hole is such as set on movable tool rest 14, and movable cutter head 13 is arranged in shoulder hole, so as to activity Cutter head is damaged and changed, reduces cost.Fixing cutter 3 includes fixed cutter head 15 and fixed tool rest 16, and fixed cutter head 15 is arranged on On fixed tool rest 16, shoulder hole can be equally set on fixed tool rest, fixed cutter head is arranged in the shoulder hole, to fix Cutter head is damaged and changed.It is circular cross-section or square-section passage to cut passage, cuts passage and is located at movable cutter head and fixation On cutter head, movable blade is located at the front side of fixing cutter, and feed mechanism is located at the rear of fixing cutter.Movable cutter head and fixed cutter head are mutual Recline to be formed mutually recline cutting passage, bar 45 is located to be cut in passage, and movable cutter head gives birth to radial misalignments with fixing cutter hair When mobile, bar can be cut from two cutter head boundarys.Some copper sheets are set in frame to be reciprocatingly slided for smooth, Such as movable blade.Movable cutter head and movable tool rest can use different materials, the material that general activity cutter head is used more preferably, Price is more expensive, while movable cutter head can be changed after damaging in use, it is to avoid whole movable blade is scrapped.Fixing cutter Head and fixed tool rest can use different materials, the material that general fixed cutter head is used more preferably, price it is more expensive, while fixing Cutter head can be changed after damaging in use, it is to avoid whole fixing cutter is scrapped.Movable cutter head cutting passage it is upper Situations such as end regions are working region, the easy rust of cutting edge, the chipping of appearance activity cutter head, movable cutter head is carried out in shoulder hole The other positions for cutting passage are changed to lower end area as working region by rolling transposition, thus movable cutter head service life It is longer.The lower end area of the cutting passage of fixed cutter head is working region, the feelings such as the easy rust of cutting edge, the chipping of fixed cutter head occurs Condition, just fix cutter head rolling transposition is carried out in shoulder hole, using cut passage other positions change to lower end area as Working region, therefore the service life of fixed cutter head is longer.
Transmission mechanism includes reset buffer system, and reset buffer system is connected with movable blade 4, and reset buffer system can Movable blade is resetted, the cutting passage in movable blade is in coaxial position so that bar send with the cutting channel reset of fixing cutter Enter, secondly can also hold movable blade, play cushioning effect, coordinate movable blade movement, movable blade is increased in the present embodiment and reset. Reset buffer system includes hydraulic means 17(Hydraulic cylinder), back-moving spring 18 and movable blade stopping means.The spacing dress of movable blade Putting can limit movable blade rising extreme position, and hydraulic means 17 and back-moving spring 18 are resetted with the drive connection of movable blade 4 Coordinate, such as hydraulic stem and back-moving spring are acted directly in movable blade, when movable blade is reset to extreme position, movable blade in figure Lifting action, rising is reset to highest point(Extreme position)When, at the cutting passage for cutting passage and fixing cutter 3 of movable blade 4 In coaxial position.In the present embodiment movable blade stopping means use step matching mechanism, be provided with frame first step, Second step 48 is set in movable blade(The left and right sides has), first step is engaged with second step, when movable blade resetted Cheng Zhong, when second step is stopped by first step, reaches the limit of position.
Transmission mechanism includes compression system, and compression system includes pressed sheet 19 and pressure transmission device, pressed sheet 19 Being driven by pressure transmission device carries out reciprocating action, and the transmission movable blade of pressed sheet 19 coordinates fixing cutter cutting action.That is movable blade To be moved by pressure drive, movable blade is moved down, two cut passage occurs radial misalignments formation shearing cooperation.I.e. The cutting passage of fixing cutter is cut bar in two passages from boundary with the cutting passage of movable blade.
In present embodiment, pressure transmission device is cam gear, and pressed sheet 19 lifts reciprocal setting, and pressed sheet sets Put in the top of movable blade 4, pressed sheet 19 pushes the transmission decline of movable blade 4 and carries out cutting action;Cam gear includes liter Drop slide plate 20 and driving cam 21, lifter slide 20 lift setting in frame, and lifter slide 20 is provided with the first driving hole 22, Sliding block 23 is provided with first driving hole 22, sliding block 23 slides setting, the transmission lifter slide 20 of sliding block 23 in the first driving hole Oscilaltion, sliding block 23 is provided with matching in the second driving hole, the second driving hole and sets driving cam 21, and driving cam 21 is rotated Band movable slider 23 moves up and down, and pressed sheet 29 is connected below lifter slide 20.During work, driven by power source Driving cam is rotated, the movement of driving cam driving block, sliding block movement transmission lifter slide lifting, lifter slide transmission pressed sheet Lifting carries out punching press and reset.
The lifting carriage of lifter slide 20 is arranged on the fixed frame of frame, and sliding block OQ t slide plate horizontally slips setting. First driving hole 22 uses rectangular opening, driving cam 21 to use eccentric wheel, the second driving hole to use circular hole, and eccentric wheel matching is inserted In circular hole, driving force is bigger, more stable.
Driving cam 21 is connected with power transmission shaft 49, and power source is connected with main shaft 50, is provided between main shaft and power transmission shaft At least double reduction gear is connected.Main shaft 50 is driven to rotate by power source, main shaft 50 drives power transmission shaft 49 to rotate, Power transmission shaft 49 drives driving cam 21 to rotate.Double reduction gear, the first order and second are set between main shaft 50 and power transmission shaft 49 Level is mechanical reduction gear.Primary gear speed reducing device includes first little gear 51 and the first gear wheel of intermeshing transmission 52, the first little gear 51 is arranged on main shaft 50, and two-stage gear reduction device includes the second little gear of intermeshing transmission 53 and second gear wheel 54, the second little gear 53 and the coaxial transmission of the first gear wheel 52, the second gear wheel 54 connects with power transmission shaft 49 Connect.Main shaft 50 is connected by clutch 55 with flywheel 56, and power source includes motor 63, and motor is connected with flywheel(It is logical Cross belt), when main axis are needed, clutch connection flywheel, spindle drive can also separate the transmission of flywheel and main shaft, Realize intermittently-driving.Lifter slide connects bounce cylinder 57, runs more stable.
Shearing mechanism also includes device for discharging, the material after cutting can be carried out discharging by device for discharging, so as to below Material is fed forward to be cut again.Device for discharging includes discharge ram 30, and discharge ram 30 is towards the movable blade after dislocation Cut passage and move back and forth setting, discharge ram 30 is driven by transmission mechanism and moved back and forth.When the radial misalignments of movable blade 4 are moved After dynamic, discharge ram advances can be released the material in movable blade cutting passage, complete discharging.In the present embodiment, transmission mechanism Including resetting means, the first discharging gear 31, the second discharging gear 32 and rotary swinging arm 33, rotary swinging arm 33 is by the band of pressed sheet 49 Dynamic to carry out forward swing, rotary swinging arm 33 is connected with the first teeth portion(Such as arc-shaped rack), the first teeth portion and the first discharging gear 31 are driven and connect Connect, the first discharging gear 31 and the coaxial synchronous of the second discharging gear 32 are rotated, and discharge ram 30 is connected with the second teeth portion(Such as straight-tooth Bar), the second teeth portion is connected with the second discharging gear 32, and rotary swinging arm 33 is by resetting means(Such as spring)It is driven back Pendulum, resetting means can be acted directly on rotary swinging arm, it is also possible to discharge ram or other can carry out backswing transmission Part is connected.Discharge ram, the second teeth portion can also be connected guide rod, so that discharge ram moves back and forth more Stabilization, in the present embodiment, discharge ram will carry out linear reciprocation movement.Discharge ram and guide rod are arranged on the lower opening in fixing cutter Moved back and forth in passage, topology layout is rationally, more stable.
Movable blade 4 and the interoperation of rotary swinging arm 33 can also in the lump be driven by pressed sheet 49 in the present embodiment, activity After the cutting passage radial misalignments in passage and fixing cutter are cut on knife, rotary swinging arm can just make discharge ram by movable blade On cutting material release.
Bar cuts equipment also includes supplied materials induction installation in place, when bar is transported through fixing cutter 3 and movable blade 4 After cutting passage, information in place is received by the induction installation, to carry out Automated condtrol, such as induction installation and transmission mechanism Connection.The induction installation includes detection block 36, the inspection that limit base 35, the touching bar with reset function and touching bar are connected Survey the sensor of detection block positional information(Such as photocell eye, position sensor etc.), the end face of limit base 35 is positioned at movable blade 4 Front side, touching bar is moved forward and backward on limit base 35, there is vertical passage 37 to be set for touching bar activity, touching on limit base 35 The head of bar exposes the end face of limit base, touches front of the head of bar positioned at cutting passage when coaxial, i.e., cut positioned at two logical Front of the road in reset state when coaxial.Bar is fed forward and is limited seat 35 and blocks, bar in place, bar while blocking End face will be contacted with touching bar, cause touching bar to bounce back, and the position of detection block 36 changes, the letter of sensor receiving position change Number.
Limit base 35 is arranged in mounting seat, and limit base is moved forward and backward in mounting seat 58 and set, and limit base is by front and rear biography Dynamic device 59(Such as cylinder)Drive is moved forward and backward, and front and rear transmission device couples with sensor;When bar in place after, Qian Houchuan Dynamic device 59 drives limit base to retreat, and the end face of limit base is separated with bar, it is to avoid the bar after cutting is carried down by movable blade The end face of bar and limit base end face scratch during shifting.Contacted with touching bar after bar is transported to the end face of limit base, touched Bar bounces back, and retraction makes detection block that change in location to occur, and sensor will detect the change in location, so that sensor can enter signal Row feedback, such as feeding back to transmission mechanism carries out the work of each mechanism or device.Detection block will be arranged in the form of swing rod On limit base, sensor will be also arranged on limit base, touching bar can connecting spring realize reset function, also set on limit base 35 Fluted, frame is provided with projection 64, and projection is spacing with groove fit, and projection is by upper and lower transmission device 60(Such as cylinder)Drive Lifting action in frame, when limit base is in it is in situ when, for spacing and sense the bar of advance in place, in projection insertion groove Locking limit base, it is to avoid limit base because bar advance collision and be shifted over, bar in place after, projection movement release it is spacing Seat, limit base is driven by front and rear transmission device and moves resigning.Supplied materials in place induction installation position can be with preceding in frame Regulation afterwards is set, such as mounting seat 58 carries out front and back position regulation by servomotor 62, gear, screw rod 61, make limit base with The front and back position of movable blade changes to be adapted to the bar of different cutting different lengths.
Shearing mechanism also includes material-supporting device, and material carrying mechanism includes retainer cylinder, is material passing passage, bar in the middle of retainer cylinder The cutting passage that enters into rear is conveyed through after retainer cylinder material passing passage by feed mechanism.The front end of retainer cylinder(Outlet side)Even There are first flange, the rear end of retainer cylinder(Entrance side)Second flange is connected with, first flange and second flange had material mouth(Respectively Form feeding mouth and discharging opening), cross material mouth and be connected with material passing passage.Material passing passage is connected with passage is cut, and first flange is located at The rear side of fixing cutter, first flange coordinates with fixing cutter top pressure.Can be to fixing cutter and movable blade by adjusting first flange Compression degree is adjusted, to process the bar of unlike material.The mistake material mouth of second flange matches with bar bore, so as to More preferable retainer, walks and expects more stable, and the bar of different bores can change the second flange that different bores cross material mouth.Retainer cylinder Screw thread is respectively provided with first flange and second flange to be coordinated.Retainer cylinder sets discharge channel and guide rod passage and supplies discharging respectively Push rod and guide rod are set, and retainer cylinder is coordinated with device for discharging.

Claims (10)

1. bar cuts equipment, includes feed mechanism(1), shearing mechanism(2)And transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism respectively with feeding Mechanism and shearing mechanism are connected, feed mechanism(1)With shearing mechanism(2)Linking, it is characterised in that:Shearing mechanism(2)Include Fixed knife system and movable knife system, fixed knife system include fixing cutter(3), fixing cutter(3)It is fixedly installed in frame, it is living Moving blade device includes movable blade(4), movable blade(4)In frame(0)Upper reciprocating movement is set, movable blade(4)By transmission mechanism band It is dynamic to carry out reciprocating movement, fixing cutter(3)With movable blade(4)Cutting passage is respectively provided with, passage is cut and is coaxially disposed and cuts logical Road mutually reclines, and the radial misalignments that cutting passage carry out move to form shearing cooperation.
2. bar as claimed in claim 1 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Feed mechanism includes first connecting rod(5)With Two connecting rods(6), first connecting rod and second connecting rod is arranged in a crossed manner and first connecting rod and second connecting rod their infall are hinged on In frame, first connecting rod and second connecting rod are respectively provided with main drawing-inroller in the bottom of hinged place(7), it is respectively provided with the top of hinged place Secondary drawing-inroller(8), main drawing-inroller with it is secondary drawing-inroller is corresponding is engaged, transmission mechanism includes feed gearing and material folding is driven Device, feed gearing is connected with main drawing-inroller, and feed gearing drives main drawing-inroller to rotate feeding, material folding transmission Device and first connecting rod(5)And second connecting rod(6)Drive connection, material folding transmission device drives first connecting rod and second connecting rod around hinge Place's reciprocally swinging is connect, reciprocally swinging makes main drawing-inroller(7)With secondary drawing-inroller(8)It is close to and separates.
3. bar as claimed in claim 2 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Main drawing-inroller(7)It is coaxially connected with the first feeding Gear(9), the second feeding gear is provided with cross-articulation(10), the first feeding gear(9)With the second feeding gear(10)Mutually Engagement coordinates transmission, and feed gearing includes feeding motor, and feeding motor is connected with the second feeding gear, and material folding is passed Dynamic device includes material folding cylinder(11), material folding cylinder(11)By third connecting rod(12)With first connecting rod(5)And second connecting rod (6)Drive connection.
4. bar as claimed in claim 1 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Movable blade(4)Including movable cutter head(13)And work Moving knife seat(14), movable cutter head is arranged on movable tool rest, and movable tool rest oscilaltion is set, fixing cutter(3)Including fixing cutter Head(15)With fixed tool rest(16), fix cutter head and be arranged on fixed tool rest, it is that circular cross-section or square-section are logical to cut passage Road, cuts passage and is located on movable cutter head and fixed cutter head, and movable blade is located at the front side of fixing cutter, and feed mechanism is located at fixing cutter Rear.
5. bar as claimed in claim 1 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Transmission mechanism includes reset buffer system, multiple Bit buffering system is connected with movable blade, and reset buffer system includes hydraulic means(17), back-moving spring(18)Limited with movable blade Position device, hydraulic means(17)And back-moving spring(18)With movable blade(4)Reset cooperation is connected and carries out, movable blade resets During to extreme position, movable blade(4)Cutting passage and fixing cutter(3)Cutting passage be in coaxial position.
6. bar as claimed in claim 1 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Transmission mechanism includes compression system, pressure system System includes pressed sheet(19)With pressure transmission device, pressed sheet(19)Being driven by pressure transmission device carries out reciprocating action, rushes Pressing plate(19)Transmission movable blade(4)Coordinate fixing cutter(3)Cutting is acted.
7. bar as claimed in claim 6 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Pressure transmission device is cam gear, punching Pressing plate(19)Lifting is reciprocal to be set, pressed sheet(19)It is arranged on movable blade top, pressed sheet(19)Transmission movable blade is pushed to decline Carry out cutting action;Cam gear includes lifter slide(20)And driving cam(21), lifter slide is in frame rising Drop is set, and lifter slide is provided with the first driving hole(22), the first driving hole(22)Inside it is provided with sliding block(23), sliding block(23) First driving hole(22)Interior slip is set, sliding block(23)Transmission lifter slide(20)Oscilaltion, sliding block(23)It is provided with second Matching sets driving cam in driving hole, the second driving hole(21), driving cam(21)Rotational band movable slider(23)Up and down It is mobile, pressed sheet(29)Drive connection is below lifter slide.
8. bar as claimed in claim 1 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Shearing mechanism also includes device for discharging;Discharging Device includes discharge ram(30), discharge ram(30)Cutting passage towards the movable blade after dislocation moves back and forth setting, unloads Material push rod is driven by transmission mechanism and is moved back and forth;Transmission mechanism includes resetting means, the first discharging gear(31), second unload Material gear(32)And rotary swinging arm(33), rotary swinging arm(33)By pressed sheet(19)Drive carries out forward swing, and rotary swinging arm is connected with One teeth portion, the first teeth portion is connected with the first discharging gear, and the first discharging gear and the second discharging gear coaxial synchronous are rotated, Discharge ram is connected with the second teeth portion(34), the second teeth portion and the second discharging gear be connected, and rotary swinging arm is passed by resetting means It is dynamic to carry out backswing.
9. bar as claimed in claim 1 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Also include supplied materials induction installation, the sensing in place Device includes limit base(35), with reset function touching bar and touching bar be connected detection block(36), detection detection block The sensor of positional information, the end face of limit base is located at movable blade(4)Front side, touching bar on limit base move forward and backward, touch The head of touching lever exposes the end face of limit base, touches front of the head of bar positioned at cutting passage when coaxial, and limit base is arranged on In mounting seat, limit base is moved forward and backward in mounting seat and set, and limit base is driven by front and rear transmission device and moved forward and backward, and is passed Sensor couples with front and rear transmission device.
10. bar as claimed in claim 1 cuts equipment, it is characterised in that:Shearing mechanism also includes material-supporting device, retainer dress Put and include retainer cylinder(38), it is material passing passage in the middle of retainer cylinder, the front end of retainer cylinder is connected with first flange(39), retainer cylinder Rear end is connected with second flange(40), there is material mouth to be connected with material passing passage first flange and second flange, material passing passage with cut Open close road linking, first flange is located at the rear side of fixing cutter, and first flange coordinates with fixing cutter top pressure.
CN201621382122.2U 2016-12-16 2016-12-16 Bar cuts equipment Active CN206286636U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106513811A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-03-22 瑞安市中凯自动化科技有限公司 Bar shearing device
CN108436175A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-08-24 安徽维力拓网络科技有限公司 A kind of flat panel workpieces Scissoring device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106513811A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-03-22 瑞安市中凯自动化科技有限公司 Bar shearing device
CN106513811B (en) * 2016-12-16 2019-04-02 瑞安市中凯自动化科技有限公司 Bar cuts equipment
CN108436175A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-08-24 安徽维力拓网络科技有限公司 A kind of flat panel workpieces Scissoring device

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