CN206277946U - A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly - Google Patents

A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206277946U
CN206277946U CN201621256851.3U CN201621256851U CN206277946U CN 206277946 U CN206277946 U CN 206277946U CN 201621256851 U CN201621256851 U CN 201621256851U CN 206277946 U CN206277946 U CN 206277946U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
jackshaft
clutch
input shaft
power source
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Active
Application number
CN201621256851.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余平
王学良
李建文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sophisticated electric Polytron Technologies Inc
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Jing Jin Electric Technologies Beijing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621256851.3U priority Critical patent/CN206277946U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly, including power source and automatic transmission, the first jackshaft is arranged with parallel with the input shaft of automatic transmission, the second jackshaft, the 3rd jackshaft are respectively arranged with input shaft, the concentric direction of the first jackshaft, first clutch is provided between first jackshaft and the 3rd jackshaft, second clutch is provided between input shaft and the second jackshaft.The second gear engaged transmission in first gear and the first jackshaft on input shaft;The 4th meshed transmission gear on the 3rd gear and the 3rd jackshaft on second jackshaft, the 5th gear on the 3rd jackshaft and the 6th meshed transmission gear on differential mechanism.The utility model can realize two kinds of speed than transmission, and type of belt drive flexibly, shortens the longitudinal size of drive assembly, is adapted to compact type vehicle, because the number of gears for using is less, simplifies drive mechanism.

Description

A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly, is connected with vehicle propons or back axle, is used for Drive vehicle.
Background technology
Current pure electric or hybrid new-energy automobile, dynamic characteristics and the vehicle requirement of the motor for being used have Difference, it is impossible to meet speed than the requirement with torque.Because new-energy automobile needs the operating mode road conditions in face of becoming increasingly complex, user Comfort level to new-energy automobile and course continuation mileage requirement more and more higher, simple motor direct driving pattern, motor connection subtract The new-energy automobile of fast device pattern or oil electric mixed dynamic pattern can not meet the demand for development of new-energy automobile industry.
In current vehicle engine assembly, power source, clutch, gearbox or decelerator, drive shaft are generally all longitudinal directions Arrangement, length is larger, and occupancy vehicle space is larger, is not applied to for some dillies for requiring compact conformation.
Additionally, at present in pure electric or hybrid new-energy automobile, decelerator because motor rotor shaft impact it is larger (turn Sub- axle and input shaft are not one), it is impossible to traditional slip clutch is used, the clutch for being used can only be by hard The mode of connection, does not possess pooling feature, it is impossible to meet the requirement of new-energy automobile.
In existing motor direct driving pattern automobile, dynamical system does not have clutch function, traditional inertia friction formula synchronization Device cannot be used, speed changer cannot gear shift, can only using it is single speed ratio;The startup and parking of vehicle can only lean on the startup of motor And stopping, have impact on the performance of motor.
Utility model content
For above mentioned problem of the prior art, it is total that the utility model provides a kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction Into to solve the single speed of existing power assembly than transmission, it is impossible to adapt to the problem of complex road condition operating mode.
Solve existing power assembly longitudinal size simultaneously larger, it is impossible to used on compact type vehicle, Yi Jibian Fast device middle gear number is more, the complicated problem of drive mechanism.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is realized in:
A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly, is connected with axle half shafts, and the vehicle traction assembly includes power Source and automatic transmission, the automatic transmission are provided with input shaft, and the power source is connected with input shaft, the fluid drive Device is provided with differential mechanism with the axle half shafts junction;
In the automatic transmission, the first jackshaft is arranged with parallel with input shaft, is set with the concentric direction of input shaft There is the second jackshaft, the concentric direction of the first jackshaft is provided with the 3rd jackshaft, in the middle of first jackshaft and the 3rd First clutch is provided between axle, second clutch is provided between the input shaft and the second jackshaft;
First gear is provided with the input shaft, second gear is provided with first jackshaft, first gear with Second gear engaged transmission;The 3rd gear is provided with second jackshaft, the 4th tooth is provided with the 3rd jackshaft Wheel, the 3rd gear and the 4th meshed transmission gear;The 5th gear is additionally provided with 3rd jackshaft, is set on the differential mechanism It is equipped with the 6th gear, the 5th gear and the 6th meshed transmission gear.
Further, when the first clutch is engaged, the power source passes sequentially through the input shaft, first gear, the Power is transferred to the vehicle bridge half by two gears, the first jackshaft, the 3rd jackshaft, the 5th gear, the 6th gear and differential mechanism Axle.
Further, the first gear and second gear engaged transmission ratio are i1, and the 5th gear engages biography with the 6th gear Dynamic ratio is i3, and when the first clutch is engaged, engaged transmission ratio is i1 × i3 in the automatic transmission.
Further, when the second clutch is engaged, the power source pass sequentially through the input shaft, the second jackshaft, Power is transferred to the vehicle bridge half by the 3rd gear, the 4th gear, the 3rd jackshaft, the 5th gear, the 6th gear and differential mechanism Axle.
Further, the 3rd gear and the 4th meshed transmission gear ratio are i2, and the 5th gear engages biography with the 6th gear Dynamic ratio is i3, and when the second clutch is engaged, engaged transmission ratio is i2 × i3 in the automatic transmission.
Further, the power source is motor or engine and ISG motor combinations.
Further, the power source is engine and ISG motor combinations, is set between the engine and the ISG motors Put torsional vibration damper.
Further, the axle half shafts are front axle half shaft or rear axle shaft.
Further, the first clutch and second clutch are end face tooth-like clutch.
Further, the end face tooth-like clutch is electromagnetic drive type or hydraulic-driven or pneumatic driving dynamic formula or electronic Drive-type.
The utility model set using said structure has advantages below:
Vehicle engine assembly of the present utility model, is connected, vehicle engine assembly with the rear axle shaft or front axle half shaft of vehicle Two kinds of fast ratio transmissions are capable of achieving, type of belt drive flexibly, meets traveling demand of the vehicle to different road conditions, when vehicle is in climbing of bearing a heavy burden When, may be selected, compared with large speed ratio transmission, to improve vehicle driving force, make up vehicle and drive hypodynamic defect;When vehicle is in cruise shape State, may be selected smaller speed than transmission, be run at high speed requirements with meeting vehicle, energy saving, raising vehicle course continuation mileage.
The design pattern of torsional vibration damper combination end face tooth-like clutch can make kinetic energy rejection minimum, compensate for conventional friction formula Clutch because cannot bear the dynamic impact of motor and life-span too short defect.
The horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly that the utility model is provided, on the one hand shortens the longitudinal ruler of drive assembly It is very little, it is adapted to compact type vehicle;On the other hand because the number of gears for using is less, drive mechanism is simplified.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 3.
In figure:10. automatic transmission;11. first gears;12. second gears;13. the 3rd gears;14. the 4th gears; 15. the 5th gears;16. the 6th gears;
20. input shafts;
31. first jackshafts;32. second jackshafts;33. the 3rd jackshafts;
41. first clutches;42. second clutches;
50. differential mechanisms;
61. engines;62.ISG motors;63. torsional vibration dampers;
70. motor.
Specific embodiment
It is new to this practicality below in conjunction with accompanying drawing to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer Type implementation method is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, in the utility model embodiment 1, a kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly, with vehicle bridge half Axle is connected, and vehicle traction assembly includes power source and automatic transmission 10, and automatic transmission 10 is provided with input shaft 20, power source It is connected with input shaft 20, automatic transmission 10 is provided with differential mechanism 50 with axle half shafts junction.
In the utility model embodiment 1, power source is motor 70, and motor 70 armature spindle and input shaft 20 It is one.
In automatic transmission 10, the first jackshaft 31 is arranged with parallel with input shaft, with the concentric direction of input shaft 20 The second jackshaft 32 is provided with, the concentric direction of the first jackshaft 31 is provided with the 3rd jackshaft 33, the He of the first jackshaft 31 First clutch 41 is provided between 3rd jackshaft 33, second clutch is provided between input shaft and the second jackshaft 32 42。
First gear 11 is provided with input shaft 20, second gear 12, first gear 11 are provided with the first jackshaft 31 With the engaged transmission of second gear 12;The 3rd gear 13 is provided with second jackshaft 32, the 4th is provided with the 3rd jackshaft 33 Gear 14, the 3rd gear 13 and the engaged transmission of the 4th gear 14;The 5th gear 15, differential mechanism are additionally provided with 3rd jackshaft 33 The 6th gear 16, the 5th gear 15 and the engaged transmission of the 6th gear 16 are provided with 50.
From the foregoing, the speed changer of the vehicle traction assembly of the utility model embodiment 1 is different from conventional transmissions The layout type of input shaft, jackshaft and output shaft, on the one hand shortens the longitudinal size of drive assembly, is adapted to compact type Vehicle;On the other hand because the number of gears for using is less, transmission process is simplified.
Above-mentioned drive assembly power transmission mode is as follows:
When first clutch 41 is engaged, power source passes sequentially through input shaft 20, first gear 11, second gear 12, first Power is transferred to axle half shafts by jackshaft 31, the 3rd jackshaft 33, the 5th gear 15, the 6th gear 16 and differential mechanism 50.If It is i1 to determine first gear 11 with the engaged transmission ratio of second gear 12, and the 5th gear 15 and the engaged transmission ratio of the 6th gear 16 are i3, When then first clutch 41 is engaged, engaged transmission ratio is i1 × i3 in automatic transmission 10, and this is the first operating mode.
During second clutch 42, power source passes sequentially through input shaft 20, the second jackshaft 32, the 3rd gear 13, the 4th tooth Power is transferred to axle half shafts by the 14, the 3rd jackshaft 33 of wheel, the 5th gear 15, the 6th gear 16 and differential mechanism 50.Setting the Three gears 13 and the engaged transmission ratio of the 4th gear 14 are i2, and the 5th gear 15 is i3 with the engaged transmission ratio of the 6th gear 16, then the When two clutch 42 is engaged, engaged transmission ratio is i2 × i3 in automatic transmission 10, and this is the second operating mode.
When first clutch 41 and second clutch 42 are simultaneously switched off, neutral is realized.
Wherein, the big I of gearratio i1, i2 and i3 is changed by changing the size or the number of teeth of gear, so as to change certainly The gearratio of dynamic speed changer 10.
From the foregoing, the vehicle traction assembly can realize two kinds of speed than transmission, automatic transmission is according to control strategy journey Sequence, is capable of achieving two gear electric controlled automatic shifts, and type of belt drive flexibly, meets traveling demand of the vehicle to different road conditions, works as car When climbing is born a heavy burden, may be selected, compared with large speed ratio transmission, to improve vehicle driving force, make up vehicle and drive hypodynamic defect;When Vehicle may be selected smaller speed than transmission in cruising condition, be run at high speed requirements with meeting vehicle, energy saving, raising vehicle Course continuation mileage.
First clutch 41 and second clutch 42 are end face tooth-like clutch, including be engaged transmission movable fluted disc and Fixed gear plate, is provided with facing drive tooth or teeth groove on movable fluted disc, end face teeth groove or transmission are correspondingly provided with fixed gear plate Tooth.End face tooth-like clutch can be such that the kinetic energy rejection farthest reduces relative to slip clutch, compensate for conventional friction formula Clutch because cannot bear the dynamic impact of motor and life-span too short defect.
The type of drive of end face tooth-like clutch can be electromagnetic drive type (adsorbed using electromagnet and driven) or hydraulic drive Formula (being driven using hydraulic mechanism) or pneumatic driving dynamic formula (being driven using air pressure mechanism) or motor-driven (utilize motor band It is dynamic), drive the axial movement of movable teeth disk to be engaged with fixed gear plate.
When first clutch 41 and second clutch 42 are electromagnetism tooth embedded-type clutch, vehicle traction assembly is defeated in power Fashionable, electromagnetism tooth embedded-type clutch can make power, and moment disengages and combines at any time with vehicle, realizes the smooth-going switching of power, carries Vehicle smooth ride degree high.
In the utility model embodiment one, axle half shafts be front axle half shaft or rear axle shaft, vehicle traction assembly with it is preceding When bridge semiaxis is connected, vehicle is forerunner's pattern, and when vehicle traction assembly is connected with rear axle shaft, vehicle is rear-guard pattern.
Embodiment 2
In the utility model embodiment 2, as shown in Fig. 2 power source is combined for engine 61 with ISG motors 62, a side Face is reduced the idling loss of engine and is polluted, and another aspect ISG motors play a part of generator, and renewable generating is reclaimed Energy, realizes energy-saving effect.
The other guide of the utility model embodiment 2 is same as Example 1, and description is not repeated herein.
Embodiment 3
In the utility model embodiment 3, as shown in Fig. 2 setting torsional vibration damper between engine 61 and ISG motors 62 63, with pooling feature, the torsional rigidity of engine and ISG motors bonding part is reduced, so as to reduce Torsional Vibration Natural Frequency, disappear Except torsional oscillation.
The other guide of the utility model embodiment 3 is same as Example 1, and description is not repeated herein.
The above, specific embodiment only of the present utility model, under above-mentioned teaching of the present utility model, this area Technical staff can carry out other improvement or deformation on the basis of above-described embodiment.It will be understood by those skilled in the art that Above-mentioned specific descriptions are preferably to explain the purpose of this utility model, and protection domain of the present utility model should be with claim Protection domain be defined.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly, is connected with axle half shafts, it is characterised in that the vehicle traction assembly Including power source and automatic transmission, the automatic transmission is provided with input shaft, and the power source is connected with input shaft, described Automatic transmission is provided with differential mechanism with the axle half shafts junction;
In the automatic transmission, the first jackshaft is arranged with parallel with input shaft, the concentric direction of input shaft is provided with Two jackshafts, the 3rd jackshaft is provided with the concentric direction of the first jackshaft, first jackshaft and the 3rd jackshaft it Between be provided with first clutch, be provided with second clutch between the input shaft and the second jackshaft;
First gear is provided with the input shaft, second gear, first gear and second are provided with first jackshaft Meshed transmission gear;The 3rd gear is provided with second jackshaft, the 4th gear is provided with the 3rd jackshaft, the Three gears and the 4th meshed transmission gear;The 5th gear is additionally provided with 3rd jackshaft, is provided with the differential mechanism 6th gear, the 5th gear and the 6th meshed transmission gear.
2. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that when the first clutch is engaged, it is described dynamic Power source passes sequentially through the input shaft, first gear, second gear, the first jackshaft, the 3rd jackshaft, the 5th gear, the 6th Power is transferred to the axle half shafts by gear and differential mechanism.
3. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the first gear engages biography with second gear It is dynamic that than being i1, the 5th gear and the 6th meshed transmission gear ratio are i3, when the first clutch is engaged, the automatic transmission Middle engaged transmission ratio is i1 × i3.
4. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that when the second clutch is engaged, it is described dynamic Power source passes sequentially through the input shaft, the second jackshaft, the 3rd gear, the 4th gear, the 3rd jackshaft, the 5th gear, the 6th Power is transferred to the axle half shafts by gear and differential mechanism.
5. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the 3rd gear engages biography with the 4th gear It is dynamic that than being i2, the 5th gear and the 6th meshed transmission gear ratio are i3, when the second clutch is engaged, the automatic transmission Middle engaged transmission ratio is i2 × i3.
6. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the power source is motor or engine With ISG motor combinations.
7. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the power source is engine and ISG motors Combination, torsional vibration damper is set between the engine and the ISG motors.
8. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the axle half shafts are front axle half shaft or back axle Semiaxis.
9. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first clutch and second clutch are End face tooth-like clutch.
10. vehicle traction assembly according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the end face tooth-like clutch is Electromagnetic Drive Formula or hydraulic-driven or pneumatic driving dynamic formula or motor-driven.
CN201621256851.3U 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly Active CN206277946U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621256851.3U CN206277946U (en) 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621256851.3U CN206277946U (en) 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206277946U true CN206277946U (en) 2017-06-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106696691A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-05-24 精进电动科技股份有限公司 Horizontally-arranged single-power source vehicle drive assembly
CN107856532A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-03-30 江苏银基烯碳能源科技有限公司 Electric automobile

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106696691A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-05-24 精进电动科技股份有限公司 Horizontally-arranged single-power source vehicle drive assembly
CN106696691B (en) * 2016-11-18 2019-02-15 精进电动科技股份有限公司 A kind of horizontal single power source vehicle traction assembly
CN107856532A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-03-30 江苏银基烯碳能源科技有限公司 Electric automobile

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Address after: Building 7, No. 5 Jiangtai Road (Putian Industrial and Technological Park), Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100016

Patentee after: Sophisticated electric Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: Building 7, No. 5 Jiangtai Road (Putian Industrial and Technological Park), Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100016

Patentee before: Jing-Jin Electric Technologies (Beijing) Co., Ltd.