CN206256064U - A kind of domestic garbage treating system - Google Patents

A kind of domestic garbage treating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206256064U
CN206256064U CN201621297070.9U CN201621297070U CN206256064U CN 206256064 U CN206256064 U CN 206256064U CN 201621297070 U CN201621297070 U CN 201621297070U CN 206256064 U CN206256064 U CN 206256064U
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China
Prior art keywords
fermentation tank
tank
liquid storage
treating system
domestic garbage
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CN201621297070.9U
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宣海军
周清校
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Zhuji Jin Run Renewable Resources Co Ltd
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Zhuji Jin Run Renewable Resources Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of domestic garbage treating system, including charging aperture, fermentation tank, it is characterised in that:Charging aperture is placed in ground, and fermentation tank is embedded in underground, and agitating device is provided with fermentation tank, and fermentation tank connection water pressure chamber, water pressure chamber leads to liquid storage tank, feeding device is provided with liquid storage tank again;Kitchen range are connected to by pipeline by the methane gas collected in fermentation tank, desulfurizer and fire-retarding device are installed on the preceding pipeline of connection kitchen range.The utility model has energy-conserving and environment-protective, and Economization on land is beautified the environment, waste resource regeneration, recycling economy, and easy construction, and operating cost is very low, and the equipment factorial praluction such as fermentation tank, quality is secure.Fire-retardant, desulfurizer is configured with, is run safer.

Description

A kind of domestic garbage treating system
Technical field
The utility model is related to organic refuse disposal system and processing unit, and particularly a kind of domestic organic garbage is buried System for anaerobic treatment device.
Background technology
As economy, population grow continuously and fast, society faces increasingly serious environmental problem, especially house refuse Problem.These rubbish not only pollute environment, destroy urban landscape, and spread disease, and threaten the life security of the mankind, a lot City is surrounded by " garbage mountain ".Garbage problem has become influence environmental protection, urban construction, resident living and sustainable development Principal element, the process problem for resolving house refuse is just particularly important.
Several years ago, the processing mode of China's organic domestic waste is mainly sanitary landfills, burns and compost.These three modes All respectively there is the limitation of oneself:Sanitary landfills floor space is big, the influence of reality can be all caused to soil, underground water and air and is dived Harm;Burning is the significant wastage to resource for the low waste of calorific value, and is also easy to produce during burning Flue dust and hypertoxic dioxin form secondary pollution;Aerobic compost is a power consumption process, it is necessary to input energy removes aeration, finally produces Raw greenhouse gases CO2
The presence of a large amount of organic wastes (rotten), very big harm is brought to filling or burning traditional processing mode, is filled Severe contamination underground water, burns and produces a large amount of dioxin, and the two produces very big pollution to surrounding enviroment.If by organic waste (rotten) carries out effective classification treatment, can be minimum by the harm of consumer waste filling and embedding or burning reduction.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of domestic garbage treating system, it is intended to solve prior art garbage disposal side The drawbacks of formula, solve the problem of nuisanceless garbage disposal.
What the purpose of this utility model was realized in:A kind of domestic garbage treating system, including charging aperture, fermentation tank, It is characterized in that:Charging aperture is placed in ground, and fermentation tank is embedded in underground, and agitating device, fermentation tank connection are provided with fermentation tank Water pressure chamber, water pressure chamber leads to liquid storage tank again, and feeding device is provided with liquid storage tank;Passed through by the methane gas collected in fermentation tank Pipeline is connected to kitchen range, and desulfurizer and fire-retarding device are provided with the preceding pipeline of connection kitchen range.
The purpose of this utility model can also be achieved in that:Fermentation tank is by multiple serial or parallel connections.
Fermentation tank, liquid storage tank, desulfurizer and fire-retarding device are glass fiber reinforced plastics product.
Agitating device is fountain type agitating device.
It is using life refuse processing method of the present utility model:Organic domestic waste pours into fermentation tank from charging aperture, stirs It is continuously added under the stirring for mixing device, it is organic in the presence of anaerobic bacteria with appropriate bio anaerobic bacterium is added in fermentation tank Garbage decomposition is small molecule;Organic domestic waste is by multiple fermentation tanks, first order acidizing pretreatment, by organic waste macromolecular It is decomposed into small organic molecule;Second and third, four ... levels be efficient anaerobic fermentation treatment, the first order produce small molecule have Machine thing in the presence of bio anaerobic bacterium, is converted into methane and carbon dioxide by multi-stage, efficient anaerobic fermentation;Methane is by pipe Road output is used to the kitchen range of user as domestic fuel;Before kitchen range are entered, methane first passes through desulfurizer, de- Under iron oxide effect in sulphur device, hydrogen sulfide is removed, remove smell, then by fire-retarding device, preventing pressure inside the tank from subtracting Hour, at flare string to flame-retardant device water level, automatic distinguishing kindling material;Through the zymotic fluid after abundant fermentation process by water in fermentation tank Between pressure, liquid storage tank is flowed to;Biogas pressure in fermentation tank is maintained in water pressure chamber, i.e. pressure inside the tank increase, water pressure chamber water level Rise, otherwise to decline;Into the zymotic fluid in liquid storage tank by the hand hoisting of feeding device out, for farmland manuring irrigation, Or when crops do not need organic fertilizer, aeration aerobic system work reduces COD, NH3, TP, processed waste water enters oxidation pond Purification, oxidation pond is used to breed fish;Fermentation tank draws clearly sewage sludge waste slag automatically under the motion of " gas piston ";
The utility model has the advantages that:Energy-conserving and environment-protective:It is current biologic treating technique state-of-the-art in the world; Economization on land:Processing equipment (anaerobic fermentation tank) can plant crop or greening on the ground in underground;Beautify the environment:Earth's surface be can not see Rubbish, prevents fly, mosquito and grows, and beautifies the environment;Epidemic prevention diseases prevention:Domestic organic garbage kills big by underground Anaerobic Treatment Part germ, reduces transmission, diseases prevention of preventing epidemic;Recycling economy:It is pure organic fertilizer to produce zymotic fluid, improves farming article Matter, peasant receives more tangible benefits;Resource regeneration:It is " artificial natural gas " to produce methane gas, there is provided high-grade fuel makes to peasant household, dining room With;Easy construction:Operating cost is very low, and factorial praluction, quality is secure.Safe operation:Fire-retardant, desulfurizer is configured, than Septic tank is safer.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 the utility model domestic garbage treating system process charts
Fig. 2 the utility model domestic garbage treating system device plane figures
Specific embodiment
Method of the present utility model is bio anaerobic, the method for fermentation treatment, and the method floor space is small, processing equipment (anaerobic fermentation tank) can plant crop or greening on the ground in underground -- Economization on land;Earth's surface can not see rubbish, prevent fly, mosquito Son grows -- beautifies the environment;Domestic organic garbage kills most of germ by underground Anaerobic Treatment, reduces transmission epidemic prevention Diseases prevention;Pure organic fertilizer is produced, crops quality is improved, peasant receives more tangible benefits, and is a kind of recycling economy;Producing methane gas is " artificial natural gas ", there is provided high-grade fuel is used to peasant household, dining room so that resource regeneration;This domestic organic garbage processing mode Management cost is low, produces pollution few, and technique is advanced.
A kind of domestic garbage treating system of the utility model, including charging aperture, fermentation tank, it is characterised in that:Charging aperture is put In ground, fermentation tank is embedded in underground, and agitating device is provided with fermentation tank, and fermentation tank connection water pressure chamber, water pressure chamber leads to again Liquid storage tank, is provided with feeding device on liquid storage tank;Kitchen range are connected to by pipeline by the methane gas collected in fermentation tank, even Connect and be provided with the preceding pipeline of kitchen range desulfurizer and fire-retarding device.
Fermentation tank is by multiple serial or parallel connections.
Fermentation tank, liquid storage tank, desulfurizer and fire-retarding device are glass fiber reinforced plastics product.
Agitating device is fountain type agitating device.
Life refuse processing method of the present utility model, it is characterised in that:Organic domestic waste pours into fermentation from charging aperture Tank, is continuously added under the stirring of agitating device, with appropriate bio anaerobic bacterium is added in fermentation tank, in the effect of anaerobic bacteria Under, organic waste is decomposed into small molecule;Organic domestic waste is by multiple fermentation tanks, first order acidizing pretreatment, by organic rubbish Rubbish macromolecular is decomposed into small organic molecule;Second and third, four ... levels be efficient anaerobic fermentation treatment, the first order produce Small organic molecule in the presence of bio anaerobic bacterium, is converted into methane and carbon dioxide by multi-stage, efficient anaerobic fermentation;First Alkane exports the kitchen range to user by pipeline, is used as domestic fuel;Before kitchen range are entered, methane first passes through desulfurization dress Put, under the iron oxide effect in desulfurizer, remove hydrogen sulfide, remove smell, then by fire-retarding device, prevent in tank When pressure reduces, at flare string to flame-retardant device water level, automatic distinguishing kindling material;Through the zymotic fluid after abundant fermentation process in fermentation tank By water pressure chamber, liquid storage tank is flowed to;Biogas pressure in fermentation tank is maintained in water pressure chamber, i.e. pressure inside the tank increase, hydraulic pressure Between water level rise, otherwise be decline;Into the zymotic fluid in liquid storage tank by the hand hoisting of feeding device out, for farmland rich water Irrigate, or when crops do not need organic fertilizer, aeration aerobic system work reduces COD, NH3, TP, and processed waste water is entered Oxidation pond is purified, and oxidation pond is used to breed fish;Fermentation tank draws clearly sewage sludge waste slag automatically under the motion of " gas piston ";
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, processing system of the invention is made up of following part:
Charging aperture 1, fermentation tank 2, water pressure chamber 3, liquid storage tank 4, desulfurizer 5, fire-retarding device 6, kitchen range, feeding device 8,
Agitating device 9.Now it is respectively described below:
Charging aperture 1:The domestic organic garbage of categorised collection is poured into from charging aperture 1, charging is finished, closeing the lid, it is smelly to prevent Gas leaks and causes mosquitos and flies disorderly to fly.
Fermentation tank 2:Using fiberglass fermentation tank, amount configuration fermenter volume size and number according to rubbish can be adopted With multiple fermentation tank serial or parallel connections.Fermentation tank is embedded in underground, is influenceed by environment temperature during reducing rubbish fermentation.
The effect of fermentation tank:Match somebody with somebody after construction is finished, in fermentation tank and add appropriate bio anaerobic bacterium.In the effect of anaerobic bacteria Under, organic waste is decomposed into small molecule, and under anaerobic, effective biological decomposition organic waste produces methane gas (i.e. biogas).
Water pressure chamber 3:Zymotic fluid flows to liquid storage tank by water pressure chamber 3;Biogas pressure in fermentation tank is maintained, i.e., in tank Pressure increases, and water pressure chamber water level rises, otherwise to decline.
Liquid storage tank 4:Liquid in fermentation tank 2 after organic refuse fermentation, by water pressure chamber, is stored to liquid storage tank.Zymotic fluid It is high-quality organic fertilizer, crops quality can be improved.
Desulfurizer 5:Methane gas is peasant household's high-grade fuel, and by the effect of desulfurizer internal oxidition iron, desulfurization is removed Hydrogen sulfide, removes smell, and reduce the corrosivity to kitchen range.
Fire-retarding device 6:Methane is fuel gas, to ensure safety, designs fire-retardant retracting device.Prevent pressure inside the tank from reducing When, at flare string to flame-retardant device water level, automatic distinguishing kindling material.
Kitchen range 7:Peasant household, dining room dining room are used, and the kitchen range of methane gas configuration are professional kitchen range.
Feeding device 8:For convenience of peasant household's feeding, using hand hoisting well, that is, facilitate and laborsaving.
Agitating device 9:Shorten organic waste fermentation time in fermentation tank by stirring, improve ferment effect.Aid in into Material mouth feeds depth, when agitating device works, negative pressure is produced in tank, and garbage energy is smooth to enter fermentation tank from charging aperture.
The utility model system and device has advantages below:
1st, energy-conserving and environment-protective --- current biologic treating technique state-of-the-art in the world;
2nd, Economization on land --- processing equipment (anaerobic fermentation tank) can plant crop or greening on the ground in underground;
3rd, beautify the environment --- earth's surface can not see rubbish, prevents fly, mosquito and grows, and beautify the environment;
4th, preventing epidemic, diseases prevention --- domestic organic garbage kills most of germ by underground Anaerobic Treatment, reduces disease and passes Broadcast, diseases prevention of preventing epidemic;
5th, recycling economy --- it is pure organic fertilizer to produce zymotic fluid, improves crops quality, and peasant receives more tangible benefits;
6th, resource regeneration --- it is " artificial natural gas " to produce methane gas, there is provided high-grade fuel is used to peasant household, dining room;
7th, easy construction --- operating cost is very low, and factorial praluction, quality is secure.
8th, safe operation --- fire-retardant, desulfurizer is configured, it is more safer than septic tank.
Applicant successfully developed buried organic waste anaerobic processing device of the present utility model by the research and development of 7 years, And good effect is achieved in practice, and at present in Zhuji City Huang Shan towns, the successful operation of Dong Baihu towns, economic, society, ring Border remarkable benefit.Logical effort in a few years, we update perfect in practice.The website for putting into operation at present has 8, solution Determined 40,000 populations organic domestic waste treatment problem, the natural pond that 300 Duo Hu peasant households are produced using processing system of the present utility model Gas is cooked, and zymotic fluid more becomes the easy-to-sell goods of peasant as the organic fertilizer of high-quality, and supply falls short of demand.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of domestic garbage treating system, including charging aperture (1), fermentation tank (2), it is characterised in that:Charging aperture (1) is placed in ground Face, fermentation tank (2) is embedded in underground, and agitating device (9) is provided with fermentation tank (2), and fermentation tank (2) connects water pressure chamber (3), water (3) lead to liquid storage tank (4) again between pressure, and feeding device (8) is provided with liquid storage tank (4);By the methane collected in fermentation tank (2) Kitchen range (7) are connected to by pipeline, desulfurizer (5) and fire-retarding device (6) are installed on the preceding pipeline of connection kitchen range (7).
2. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fermentation tank is by multiple serial or parallel connections.
3. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fermentation tank, liquid storage tank, desulfurizer and Fire-retarding device is glass fiber reinforced plastics product.
4. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Agitating device is that fountain type stirs dress Put.
5. the domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that:Agitating device is stirred for fountain type Mix device.
CN201621297070.9U 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 A kind of domestic garbage treating system Active CN206256064U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201621297070.9U CN206256064U (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 A kind of domestic garbage treating system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106381261A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 诸暨市锦润再生资源有限公司 Domestic garbage treatment system and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106381261A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 诸暨市锦润再生资源有限公司 Domestic garbage treatment system and method

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