CN206235197U - Heat exchanger - Google Patents

Heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206235197U
CN206235197U CN201621333322.9U CN201621333322U CN206235197U CN 206235197 U CN206235197 U CN 206235197U CN 201621333322 U CN201621333322 U CN 201621333322U CN 206235197 U CN206235197 U CN 206235197U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat exchanger
cylinder
barrel
oil
refrigerant
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201621333322.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘斌
陈建红
王平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Chuyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Chuyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Chuyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Chuyuan Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201621333322.9U priority Critical patent/CN206235197U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206235197U publication Critical patent/CN206235197U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model is related to technical field of heat exchange, more particularly to a kind of heat exchanger.The heat exchanger, including:Outer barrel;Inner cylinder;Heat exchanger tube, is arranged between outer barrel and inner cylinder, and winds inner cylinder in the shape of a spiral;Oil cylinder, is arranged at outer barrel top, and a part for oil cylinder inserts inner cylinder through outer barrel, and the bottom of oil cylinder connects with inner cylinder;Water inlet and delivery port, the two ends of heat exchanger tube are respectively communicated with water inlet and delivery port;Refrigerant inlet and refrigerant outlet, are respectively arranged at the top and bottom of outer barrel;Oil import and oil are exported, and are arranged at oil cylinder upper end;Oil-out, is arranged at inner cylinder bottom, and through outer barrel bottom.The heat exchanger that the utility model is provided, greatly improves the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger, drastically reduce the area the charging amount of refrigerant, and the manufacturing cost of reduction has expanded the range of application of heat exchanger.

Description

Heat exchanger
Technical field
The utility model is related to technical field of heat exchange, more particularly to a kind of heat exchanger.
Background technology
Heat exchanger, is the equipment that the partial heat of hot fluid is passed to cold fluid also known as heat exchanger.Heat exchanger is being changed Occupy critical role in work, oil, power, food and other many industrial productions, heat exchanger can conduct in Chemical Manufacture for it Heater, cooler, condenser, evaporator and reboiler etc., are widely used.Air-source/water resource heat pump due to its energy-conserving and environment-protective, Almost without disposal of pollutants, the major way that cold district substitutes coal-burning boiler heating is turned at present, and heat exchanger is exactly empty The basic load component of source of the gas/water resource heat pump.Traditional heat exchanger is broadly divided into plate type heat exchanger, dry type heat exchanger and bushing type Three kinds of heat exchanger.But the heat exchange property of these three heat exchangers is relatively low, and during heating, because hot water temperature compares Height, the easy fouling in water side, easy cleaning, so as to cause performance degradation than more serious, not have impact on the energy-conservation of air-source/water resource heat pump Effect and use scope.
Tank-type heat exchanger is a kind of new heat exchanger, and because it has, simple structure, performance be relatively high and stable, water side is tied The advantages of dirty easily cleaning, compact conformation, it has also become current the most widely used heat exchanger types.But the pot type heat exchange The refrigerant charge of device is larger, and when being used as evaporator (kind of refrigeration cycle), oil return difficulty is larger, and oil return is less efficient.Cause How this, improve the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger, reduces refrigerant charge, reduces production cost, is skill urgently to be resolved hurrily at present Art problem.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of heat exchanger, is used to solve the problems, such as that existing heat exchanger heat exchange efficiency is relatively low, and subtract The charging amount of few refrigerant, reduces production cost.
In order to solve the above problems, the utility model provides a kind of heat exchanger, including:Outer barrel;Inner cylinder, is arranged at described The inside of outer barrel;Heat exchanger tube, is arranged at the cavity between the outer barrel and inner cylinder, and winds the inner cylinder in the shape of a spiral;Oil Cylinder, is arranged at the outer barrel top, and a part for the oil cylinder inserts inner cylinder, the bottom of the oil cylinder through outer barrel Portion connects with the inner cylinder;Water inlet and delivery port, are arranged at the outer barrel two ends, and one end connection of the heat exchanger tube is intake Mouthful, the other end connection delivery port of the heat exchanger tube;Refrigerant inlet and refrigerant outlet, the refrigerant inlet are arranged at institute The upper end of outer barrel is stated, the refrigerant outlet is arranged at the lower end of the outer barrel;Oil import and oil are exported, and may be contained within institute State oil cylinder upper end;Oil-out, is arranged at the inner cylinder bottom, and through the outer barrel bottom.
Preferably, the outer barrel include cylindrical case body, and for close the cylindrical case body two ends roof sheet, Outer Bottom Plating.
Preferably, it is formed with cavity between the heat exchanger tube and the roof sheet.
Preferably, it is provided with first baffle at the refrigerant inlet.
Preferably, the first baffle is arranged in the cavity between the refrigerant inlet and the heat exchanger tube top.
Preferably, the oil import is tangent with the side wall of the oil cylinder.
Preferably, the oil outlet is coaxially disposed with the oil cylinder.
Preferably, the heat exchanger also includes second baffle, and the second baffle is arranged in the oil cylinder insertion In the part of cylinder.
Preferably, the second baffle is in polygon.
Preferably, the heat exchanger also includes flowline, and one end of the flowline connects the bottom of the oil cylinder, The other end extends to the outer barrel outside from the oil-out.
The heat exchanger that the utility model is provided, by three mutually nested, the interactions of refrigerant and water, pole of chamber The big heat exchange efficiency that improve heat exchanger, drastically reduce the area the charging amount of refrigerant, reduce manufacturing cost, expand heat exchange The range of application of device.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the heat exchanger outline drawing of the utility model specific embodiment;
Accompanying drawing 2 be the utility model specific embodiment heat exchanger along accompanying drawing 1 A-B lines profile.
Specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of the heat exchanger for providing the utility model below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings elaborates.
This specific embodiment provides a kind of heat exchanger, and accompanying drawing 1 is the heat exchanger of the utility model specific embodiment Outline drawing, accompanying drawing 2 be the utility model specific embodiment heat exchanger along accompanying drawing 1 A-B lines profile.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the heat exchanger described in this specific embodiment includes outer barrel 11 and inner cylinder 12, and the inner cylinder 12 sets It is placed in the inside of the outer barrel 11.In order to simplify manufacturing process, and the heat exchanger easy to disassemble is cleaned with to its inside, Preferably, the outer barrel 11 includes cylindrical case body 113, and for closing the roof sheet at the two ends of the cylindrical case body 113 111st, Outer Bottom Plating 112.The inner cylinder 12 can also be using being constituted with the identical mode of the outer barrel 11, i.e., described inner cylinder 12 also may be used With by cylindrical inner case body, and constituted with inner bottom plating for closing the inside ceiling panel at the cylindrical inner case body two ends.In order to further Production cost is reduced, it is furthermore preferred that as shown in Fig. 2 the inner bottom plating of the Outer Bottom Plating of the outer barrel and the inner cylinder is same plate, The Outer Bottom Plating 112 of i.e. described outer barrel 11 closes the shell body of the outer barrel 11 and the inner housing of the inner cylinder 12 simultaneously.In order to carry Heat exchange efficiency high, and improve the uniformity of heat exchange, it is preferred that the outer barrel 11 is coaxially disposed with the inner cylinder 12.The heat exchange Device is additionally provided with heat exchanger tube 13, and the heat exchanger tube 13 is arranged at the cavity between the outer barrel 11 and inner cylinder 12, and in the shape of a spiral Wind the inner cylinder 12.In order to improve the uniformity of heat exchange, it is preferred that the uniform winding of spiral helicine heat exchanger tube 13 is in described The outside of inner cylinder 12.Consequently, it is possible to refrigerant is only needed in the cavity that is arranged between the outer barrel 11 and the inner cylinder 12, and by The segment space between the outer barrel 11 and the inner cylinder 12 is occupied in heat exchanger tube 13, thus is filled to the system of the heat exchanger The amount of cryogen is greatly reduced, and has saved resource, reduces production cost.
The heat exchanger of this specific embodiment is additionally provided with oil cylinder 14, and the oil cylinder 14 is arranged at the outer barrel 11 tops, and the oil cylinder 14 a part through the top of outer barrel 11 insertion inner cylinder 12, the bottom of the oil cylinder 14 with The inner cylinder 12 is connected.As shown in Fig. 2 the bottom of the oil cylinder 14 is provided with an opening, the oil cylinder 14 passes through This is opened on the inner cylinder 12 and connects, and will be transmitted to the inner cylinder from the oil cylinder 14 through the oily substance of heat exchange 12, it is easy to subsequently be discharged outside to.Consequently, it is possible to a part for the oil cylinder 14 is located at the outside of the outer barrel 11, one Part is located at the inner side of the inner cylinder 12.Wherein, the oil cylinder 14 is used to accommodate also oil etc. and needs to carry out heat exchange Containing oily substance.Using this structure, the part that the oil cylinder 14 is located in the inner cylinder 12 is formed with substitution pipe 13 One intersection, and the intersection can be used as the regenerator of this specific embodiment.
In order to realize heat exchange, the heat exchanger of this specific embodiment is additionally provided with:Water inlet 15 and delivery port 16, it is described The one end open of heat exchanger tube 13 connects the water inlet 15, delivery port 16 described in the other end open communication of the heat exchanger tube 13. When heat exchanger works, water enters heat exchanger from water inlet 15, by after heat exchange, being discharged from delivery port 16.In order to improve heat Exchange efficiency, the heat exchanger of this specific embodiment also includes:Refrigerant inlet 17 and refrigerant outlet 18, the refrigerant enter Mouth 17 is arranged at the upper end of the outer barrel 11 of the heat exchanger, and the refrigerant outlet 18 is arranged at the described of the heat exchanger The lower end of outer barrel 11.This specific embodiment is not especially limited to the type of refrigerant, and those skilled in the art can basis It is actually needed and is chosen.The heat exchanger of this specific embodiment also includes:Oil import 19 and oil outlet 20, the oil Import 19 may be contained within the upper end of oil cylinder 14 with oil outlet 20.The heat exchanger of this specific embodiment also includes Oil-out 21, the oil-out 21 is arranged at the bottom of the inner cylinder 12, and through the bottom of the outer barrel 11.Consequently, it is possible to by The oily substance of heat exchange is discharged outside to through oil-out.
When kind of refrigeration cycle is carried out using the heat exchanger of this specific embodiment, the chemical evapn such as hydro carbons enters from the oil Mouthfuls 19 enter the oil cylinders 14, and cooling water enters the heat exchanger tube 13 from the water inlet 15, and the refrigerant of liquid is from institute State the cavity that refrigerant outlet 18 enters between the outer barrel 11 and the inner cylinder 12.On the one hand, it is cold in the heat exchanger tube 13 But the refrigerant of water and liquid absorbs the heat in the chemical evapns such as the hydro carbons simultaneously, the chemical evapn is liquefied;It is another Aspect, the refrigerant can also absorb the heat in the heat exchanger tube 13, further speed up the liquefaction of the chemical evapn Journey.It is discharged outside to from the oil-out by after the chemical evapn condensation of heat release, by the cooling water that absorbs heat from the water outlet Mouthfuls 16 are discharged, and refrigerant by endothermic gasification is discharged from refrigerant inlet 17.
When carrying out heating circulation using the heat exchanger of this specific embodiment, liquid oils is entered from the oil import 19 Enter the oil cylinder 14, the hot water through external heat enters the heat exchanger tube 13, gaseous refrigerant from the water inlet 15 From the cavity that the refrigerant inlet 17 enters between the outer barrel 11 and inner cylinder 12.On the one hand, the hot water in the heat exchanger tube Transfer heat to the liquid oily substance in the oil cylinder 14 simultaneously with gaseous refrigerant;On the other hand, the gas The refrigerant of state with the heat exchanger tube 13 because also having a larger contact area, thus the gaseous refrigerant can be from described The heat that heat exchanger tube 13 absorbs is also passed to liquid oily substance, so as to accelerate the vaporescence of liquid oily substance.
The heat exchanger tube of this specific embodiment has three kinds of heat transfer approach, i.e.,:Oils in heat exchanger tube and oil cylinder Heat transfer between material;The heat transfer between oily substance in refrigerant and oil cylinder;Oils thing in oil cylinder Heat transfer between matter, refrigerant, heat exchanger tube three.By the synergy of these three heat transfer approach, greatly improve The heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger.
Have sufficient swapace for the ease of gas, so as to improve heat exchanger effectiveness, it is preferred that the heat exchanger tube 13 with Cavity 23 is formed between the roof sheet 11.Moreover, the presence of the cavity 23 can also be conducive to the refrigerant Into the heat exchanger.
In order to prevent refrigerant from entering the fashionable internal structure of heat exchanging device because air-flow momentum is excessive from refrigerant inlet 17 Cause damage, it is preferred that first baffle 25 is provided with the refrigerant inlet 17.In order to preferably improve distribution of air flow, more Preferably, the first baffle 25 is arranged in the cavity between the refrigerant inlet 17 and the top of the heat exchanger tube 13.
In order to reduce containing oily substance enter the heat exchanger when resistance, it is preferred that the oil import 19 with it is described The side wall of oil cylinder 14 is tangent.The resistance of heat exchanger is discharged containing oily substance in order to reduce, it is to avoid containing oily substance in oil Aggregation inside cylinder 14, it is preferred that the oil outlet 20 is coaxially disposed with the oil cylinder 14.
During in order to prevent from largely being injected containing oily substance, excessive momentum is impacted to the bottom of oil cylinder 14, excellent Choosing, the heat exchanger also includes second baffle 22, and the second baffle 22 is arranged at the insertion of oil cylinder 14 inner cylinder 12 Part in.It is furthermore preferred that the second baffle 22 is in polygon.So, by the barrier effect of the second baffle 22, contain Oily substance can be slowly transmitted to the inner cylinder 12 from the opening of the bottom of oil cylinder 14.
Preferably, the heat exchanger also includes flowline 24, and the flowline 24 is in the straight tube-like structure of both ends open, such as Shown in Fig. 2, the one end open of the flowline 24 connects the bottom opening of the oil cylinder 14, and the other end is from the oil-out 21 extend to the outside of the outer barrel 11.So, just can be slowly discharged outside to by the oily substance of heat exchange, reduced Loss caused by oily substance is attached to the inwall of the inner cylinder 12, it also avoid oily substance and pollutes the interior of the inner cylinder 12 Wall.
The heat exchanger that the utility model is provided, by three mutually nested, the interactions of refrigerant and water, pole of chamber The big heat exchange efficiency that improve heat exchanger, drastically reduce the area the charging amount of refrigerant, reduce manufacturing cost, expand heat exchange The range of application of device.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it is noted that for the common skill of the art Art personnel, on the premise of the utility model principle is not departed from, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications Also should be regarded as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of heat exchanger, it is characterised in that including:
Outer barrel;
Inner cylinder, is arranged at the inside of the outer barrel;
Heat exchanger tube, is arranged at the cavity between the outer barrel and inner cylinder, and winds the inner cylinder in the shape of a spiral;
Oil cylinder, is arranged at the outer barrel top, and a part for the oil cylinder inserts inner cylinder, the oil through outer barrel The bottom of cylinder connects with the inner cylinder;
Water inlet and delivery port, are arranged at the outer barrel two ends, and one end of the heat exchanger tube connects water inlet, the heat exchanger tube The other end connection delivery port;
Refrigerant inlet and refrigerant outlet, the refrigerant inlet are arranged at the upper end of the outer barrel, the refrigerant outlet It is arranged at the lower end of the outer barrel;
Oil import and oil are exported, and may be contained within the upper end of the oil cylinder;
Oil-out, is arranged at the inner cylinder bottom, and through the outer barrel bottom.
2. heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the outer barrel includes cylindrical case body,
And for closing roof sheet, the Outer Bottom Plating at the cylindrical case body two ends.
3. heat exchanger according to claim 2, it is characterised in that formed between the heat exchanger tube and the roof sheet free Chamber.
4. heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with first baffle at the refrigerant inlet.
5. heat exchanger according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the first baffle be arranged at the refrigerant inlet with In cavity between the heat exchanger tube top.
6. heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side wall phase of the oil import and the oil cylinder Cut.
7. heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the oil outlet coaxially sets with the oil cylinder Put.
8. heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the heat exchanger also includes second baffle, described second Baffle plate setting is in the part of oil cylinder insertion inner cylinder.
9. heat exchanger according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the second baffle is in polygon.
10. heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the heat exchanger also includes flowline,
One end of the flowline connects the bottom of the oil cylinder, and the other end is extended to outside the outer barrel from the oil-out Side.
CN201621333322.9U 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Heat exchanger Withdrawn - After Issue CN206235197U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621333322.9U CN206235197U (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Heat exchanger

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621333322.9U CN206235197U (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Heat exchanger

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206235197U true CN206235197U (en) 2017-06-09

Family

ID=58978684

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621333322.9U Withdrawn - After Issue CN206235197U (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Heat exchanger

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206235197U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106440871A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-22 上海初远环保科技有限公司 Heat exchanger
CN110530174A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-12-03 武汉科技大学 A kind of file pipe loop heat exchanger based on self-oscillation chamber

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106440871A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-02-22 上海初远环保科技有限公司 Heat exchanger
CN110530174A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-12-03 武汉科技大学 A kind of file pipe loop heat exchanger based on self-oscillation chamber

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GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20170609

Effective date of abandoning: 20181016