CN206229716U - A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique - Google Patents

A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206229716U
CN206229716U CN201621296009.2U CN201621296009U CN206229716U CN 206229716 U CN206229716 U CN 206229716U CN 201621296009 U CN201621296009 U CN 201621296009U CN 206229716 U CN206229716 U CN 206229716U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
computer vision
apple
conveying
grading
pulling
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621296009.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙进
马煜中
杨晗
丁静
黄则栋
刘远
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Yangzhou University
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Yangzhou University
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Priority to CN201621296009.2U priority Critical patent/CN206229716U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique, including Computer Vision Recognition device, control system, material conveys sorting equipment, material conveying sorting equipment includes conveying device, several material-pulling devices, and several first Material collecting box for harvesting, conveying device one end top sets Computer Vision Recognition device, conveying device other end both sides are respectively provided with material-pulling device, first Material collecting box for harvesting, material-pulling device and the first Material collecting box for harvesting are corresponded, Computer Vision Recognition device, material-pulling device connects the control system respectively.The utility model uses computer vision technique, apple surface image is acquired, the image of collection is sent in computer and is processed, and result is done into timely discrimination by apple classification standard, discriminant information is finally sent to console, is classified by self-grading device.

Description

A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of Apple Automatic Grading device, more particularly to a kind of apple based on computer vision technique Fruit real-time detection, self-grading device.
Background technology
Apple is a kind of important fruit crop, and it is rich in minerals and vitamins, and sweet and sour taste is suitable for people of all ages, in water Fruit market occupies very big ratio.Due to illumination, the influence of nutrient, and insect pest, with a piece of fruit tree woods, or even at same Fruit quality on tree is all uneven, shape rounding, any surface finish, and the ruddy apple of uniform in color can be exported to be sold for relatively Price higher, and there is scar on surface, tinctorial yield apple not high can only sell for relatively low price, have even without valency Value, can only throw away.Therefore apple is judged, and divided rank just has suitable importance.
China is apple production state and country of consumption maximum in the world, cultivated area of the apple and yield Jun Zhan worlds total amount More than 40%, occupy critical role in world's Apple Industry.Rely solely on weight for a long time, size is divided apple Level is unscientific method, and weight can not represent the quality and mature condition of apple.Only apple surface color is distinguished, The quality of apple could be judged, if carrying out apple color by artificial naked eyes judges classification, substantial amounts of manpower will be put into, and Influenceed by personal subjective factor, effectiveness of classification and uniformity are poor, classification quality cannot be ensured.
Face shaping, surface color, tinctorial yield, defect are the key characters of the quality of apple, are difficult to traditional method It is analyzed, with the development of computer vision technique, for the Quality Identification for quickly carrying out apple, raises labour productivity, Reduce labour cost, it is ensured that quickly production has huge meaning to product.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of apple exterior quality automatic classification dress based on computer vision technique Put, with computer vision technique, apple surface image is acquired, the image of collection is sent in computer and is located Reason, and result is done into timely discrimination by apple classification standard, discriminant information is finally sent to console, by automatic classification Device is classified.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions, a kind of apple based on computer vision technique Exterior quality self-grading device, including Computer Vision Recognition device, control system, material conveying sorting equipment, material are defeated Sending sorting equipment includes conveying device, several material-pulling devices and several first Material collecting box for harvesting, and conveying device one end top sets Put Computer Vision Recognition device, conveying device other end both sides are respectively provided with material-pulling device, the first Material collecting box for harvesting, material-pulling device with First Material collecting box for harvesting is corresponded, and Computer Vision Recognition device, material-pulling device connect the control system respectively.
Preferably, the Computer Vision Recognition device includes light source, first, second and third CCD camera, first and third, two CCD Camera is separately positioned on the both sides and top of conveying device, and light source is arranged on conveying device top.
Preferably, the conveying device includes active roll tube, driven roller, conveyer belt, and conveyer belt is set on the active On roller, driven roller, conveyer belt upper surface is provided with the groove for placing apple.
Preferably, the material-pulling device conveying device tail end is provided with the second Material collecting box for harvesting.
Preferably, the control system includes the computer and controller that are connected with each other, computer respectively with first and second, Three CCD cameras are connected;Controller connects described several first Material collecting box for harvesting respectively.
Preferably, it is provided with slide plate between first Material collecting box for harvesting and conveyer belt.
Preferably, the material-pulling device includes magnetic valve, motor, push rod, and solenoid valve control motor releases push rod, magnetic valve Connect the controller.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:A kind of apple based on computer vision technique Fruit exterior quality self-grading device, including Computer Vision Recognition device, material conveying sorting equipment.Described computer is regarded Feel that identifying device is gathered for Apple image, analysis, the device for the treatment of.Described apple material conveying sorting equipment be belt pulley and Material conveying and material-pulling device that a kind of belt with groove is constituted.The material belt conveyor that the utility model is used can be prevented Apple deviates radiography center position, causes not collecting the image of apple.Using apple sorting device, released using material-pulling device The apple of each grade is to corresponding Material collecting box for harvesting.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the apple exterior quality self-grading device that the utility model is based on computer vision technique Figure;
In figure:First CCD camera 1, light source 2, apple 3, the second CCD camera 4, the 3rd CCD camera 5, computer 6, control Device 7, material-pulling device 8, active roll tube 9, slide plate 11, conveyer belt 12, driven roller 13, the first Material collecting box for harvesting 14.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique, including computer Device for visual identification, control system, material conveying sorting equipment, material conveying sorting equipment includes conveying device, several push away Material device and several first Material collecting box for harvesting 14, conveying device one end top set Computer Vision Recognition device, conveying device Other end both sides are respectively provided with material-pulling device 8, the first Material collecting box for harvesting 14, and material-pulling device 8 is corresponded with the first Material collecting box for harvesting 14, calculate Machine device for visual identification, material-pulling device connect the control system respectively.
Computer Vision Recognition device includes light source 2, first, second and third CCD camera 1,4,5, first and third, two CCD cameras 1st, 5,4 the both sides and top of conveying device are separately positioned on, light source 2 is arranged on conveying device top.
Conveying device includes active roll tube 9, driven roller 13, conveyer belt 12, and conveyer belt 12 is set on the active roll tube 9th, on driven roller 11, the upper surface of conveyer belt 12 is provided with the groove for placing apple 3.
Material-pulling device conveying device tail end is provided with the second Material collecting box for harvesting 10.
Control system include be connected with each other computer 6 and controller 7, computer 6 respectively with first, second and third CCD camera 1st, 4,5 are connected;Controller 7 connects described several first Material collecting box for harvesting 14 respectively.
Slide plate 11 is provided between first Material collecting box for harvesting 14 and conveyer belt 12.
Material-pulling device includes magnetic valve, motor, push rod, and solenoid valve control motor releases push rod, and magnetic valve connects the control Device processed.
As shown in figure 1, the utility model includes Computer Vision Recognition device, material conveying sorting equipment.Computer is regarded Feel that identifying device is gathered for Apple image, analysis, the device for the treatment of.Apple material conveying sorting equipment is belt pulley and a kind of band Material conveying and material-pulling device that the belt of groove is constituted.The material belt conveyor of use can prevent apple from deviateing radiography center Position, causes not collecting the image of apple.Using apple sorting device, the apple for releasing each grade using material-pulling device is arrived Corresponding Material collecting box for harvesting.
Computer identifying device includes first, second and third CCD camera Isosorbide-5-Nitrae, 5, and computer 6, camera automatic identification is transported The apple for coming over, carries out IMAQ, and carries out image procossing by the image processing program in computer, and result is pressed Timely discrimination is done according to criteria for classification.
As shown in figure 1, apple conveying sorting equipment is main being filled by driving roller 9, driven roller 13, conveyer belt 12, pusher 8 are put, Material collecting box for harvesting 10 is constituted.Have the impartial groove in interval on conveyer belt 12 with limit the position of apple make its can with alignment cameras 1, 4th, 5, the tail end of conveyer belt 12 is provided with the impartial material-pulling device in interval, its interval is equal with the groove interval being transported to.Drive Dynamic roller 9, driven roller 13, conveyer belt 12 are used to convey apple, and slide plate 11 prevents apple from breaking for buffering.
For the influence of the barriers such as dust under harsh environments, this self-grading device ensure that the utility model The identification of apple exterior quality and quick divided rank, effectively prevent the waste of human time, and industry is improve to a certain extent The efficiency of automated production.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique, including Computer Vision Recognition is filled Put, control system, material conveying sorting equipment, material conveying sorting equipment include conveying device, several material-pulling devices and Several first Material collecting box for harvesting(14), conveying device one end top sets Computer Vision Recognition device, the conveying device other end two Side is respectively provided with material-pulling device(8), the first Material collecting box for harvesting(14), material-pulling device(8)With the first Material collecting box for harvesting(14)Correspond, calculate Machine device for visual identification, material-pulling device connect the control system respectively.
2. a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique according to claim 1, its It is characterized in that the Computer Vision Recognition device includes light source(2), first, second and third CCD camera(1、4、5), first and third, two CCD camera(1、5、4)It is separately positioned on the both sides and top of conveying device, light source(2)It is arranged on conveying device top.
3. a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique according to claim 1 and 2, It is characterized in that, the conveying device includes active roll tube(9), driven roller(13), conveyer belt(12), conveyer belt(12)It is set on The active roll tube(9), driven roller(13)On, conveyer belt(12)Upper surface is provided with the groove for placing apple.
4. a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique according to claim 3, its It is characterized in that the material-pulling device conveying device tail end is provided with the second Material collecting box for harvesting(10).
5. a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique according to claim 4, its It is characterized in that the control system includes the computer being connected with each other(6)And controller(7), computer(6)Respectively with first and second, Three CCD cameras(1、4、5)It is connected;Controller(7)Described several first Material collecting box for harvesting are connected respectively(14).
6. a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique according to claim 5, its It is characterized in, first Material collecting box for harvesting(14)With conveyer belt(12)Between be provided with slide plate(11).
7. a kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique according to claim 5, its It is characterized in that the material-pulling device includes magnetic valve, motor, push rod, solenoid valve control motor releases push rod, and magnetic valve connection is described Controller.
CN201621296009.2U 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique Expired - Fee Related CN206229716U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201621296009.2U CN206229716U (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621296009.2U CN206229716U (en) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107416494A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-12-01 河海大学常州校区 A kind of locating, sorting Transmission system and its method of work
CN107985668A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-04 韩秋霞 A kind of needle tubing automatic finisher
CN108160523A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-06-15 王芳原 A kind of exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique
CN108325875A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-07-27 江南大学 A kind of step-by-step movement self-grading device
CN108325874A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-07-27 江南大学 A kind of self-grading device
CN108380516A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device
CN108380517A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of Apple Automatic Grading device for distinguishing size
CN108380523A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of Apple Automatic Grading device at adjustable acquisition visual angle
CN108380522A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of self-grading device based on computer vision
CN108393274A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-14 江南大学 A kind of step-by-step movement self-grading device for distinguishing size
CN108405365A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-17 江南大学 A kind of interval driven type apple exterior quality self-grading device
CN108405354A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-17 江南大学 A kind of step-by-step movement self-grading device based on computer vision
CN108855987A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-11-23 金华逻辑回归信息科技有限公司 A kind of fruit grading equipment based on computer vision
CN110125044A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-16 山东工商学院 A kind of apple sorting equipment based on binocular vision
CN112517444A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-03-19 山东商业职业技术学院 Fruit grading equipment based on computer vision

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107416494A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-12-01 河海大学常州校区 A kind of locating, sorting Transmission system and its method of work
CN107985668A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-04 韩秋霞 A kind of needle tubing automatic finisher
CN108380523A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of Apple Automatic Grading device at adjustable acquisition visual angle
CN108325875A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-07-27 江南大学 A kind of step-by-step movement self-grading device
CN108325874A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-07-27 江南大学 A kind of self-grading device
CN108380516A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of apple exterior quality self-grading device
CN108380517A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of Apple Automatic Grading device for distinguishing size
CN108160523A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-06-15 王芳原 A kind of exterior quality self-grading device based on computer vision technique
CN108380522A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-10 江南大学 A kind of self-grading device based on computer vision
CN108393274A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-14 江南大学 A kind of step-by-step movement self-grading device for distinguishing size
CN108405365A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-17 江南大学 A kind of interval driven type apple exterior quality self-grading device
CN108405354A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-08-17 江南大学 A kind of step-by-step movement self-grading device based on computer vision
CN108855987A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-11-23 金华逻辑回归信息科技有限公司 A kind of fruit grading equipment based on computer vision
CN110125044A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-16 山东工商学院 A kind of apple sorting equipment based on binocular vision
CN112517444A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-03-19 山东商业职业技术学院 Fruit grading equipment based on computer vision

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20170609

Termination date: 20191130