CN206223564U - A kind of fixed loading device based on side slope - Google Patents

A kind of fixed loading device based on side slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206223564U
CN206223564U CN201621220910.1U CN201621220910U CN206223564U CN 206223564 U CN206223564 U CN 206223564U CN 201621220910 U CN201621220910 U CN 201621220910U CN 206223564 U CN206223564 U CN 206223564U
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China
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side slope
fixed
plate
angle steel
loading device
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CN201621220910.1U
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王飞
向亮
罗选红
刘国庆
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China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope, irony base plate including level, irony plate upper surface is provided with the cube basic framework being made up of angle steel, organic glass box body is fixed outside basic framework, lucite box house is provided with the wooden portable plate for fitting to lucite interior and being fixed on irony plate upper surface;Lucite casing perforate wherein above the wooden portable plate of side, is provided with thrust steel plate, and reaction frame is provided with outside thrust steel plate, and hydraulic jack is provided between thrust steel plate and reaction frame.The utility model device can on-site consolidation, recycle, can simulate various Slope Slidings and landslide phenomenon, can according to different operating modes setting different size, according to different side slope supporting measures simulation some support pattern, measurable many kinds of parameters index.

Description

A kind of fixed loading device based on side slope
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of constructional device for simulating side slope stress, and in particular to a kind of fixation based on side slope adds Carry and put.
Background technology
Slope project is widely present in China various regions, and in the last few years, China occurs the great of many cause slope problems initiations Accident, massive losses are brought to the country and people.And the research of mankind's side slope engineering has the history of more than 100 years so far, Through achieving a large amount of achievements, but still there are many problems needs analyses to solve and further inquire into, therefore, the lasting research of side slope There is important scientific research and social value.
The stability study evaluation method of side slope has a lot, and different methods differ from one another, and has certain applicability. Had using more Method for Slope Stability Analysis at present:(1)Calculation analysis method, uses mechanics Serial Prescription in rock-soil mechanics Method, the side slope soil body sets up mechanics analysis model, including Limit equilibrium analysis method, numerical analysis method;(2)Simulation laboratory test Method, i.e., have model similar to a certain degree to analyze the failure mode of prototype by research to prototype.In mechanics series methods, Limit equilibrium method is more common method, and it exists according to gliding mass in side slope and the mechanical balance principle of gliding mass piecemeal, analysis of slope Stress under various failure modes;In numerical analysis method, FInite Element is more conventional method, and its part considers The anisotropism and discontinuity of slope rock mass, can provide stress, strain size and the distribution of rock mass, but it can not be very The problems such as solution large deformation and discontinuous displacement for getting well, influenceed also larger by the selection of physical parameter in Practical Project, to nothing The solution of the problems such as confinement, stress concentration is also undesirable;And simulation laboratory test method, Control experiment pair that can be relatively strict The major parameter of elephant, is not limited by external condition and natural conditions, can be accomplished accurate;Simulated test is conducive to simultaneously Prominent principal contradiction, is easy to hold and find inner link in complicated process of the test, sometimes also can be to prototype conclusion It is modified and verifies.Because model is compared with prototype, size is typically all to be reduced according to specific similar proportion, therefore is added Work makes relatively convenient, while also saving fund, manpower and time.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope, indoors energy in experimental analogic method Meet the bearing capacity and deformation requirements of the different side slop's conditions under different stressing conditions.
The technical scheme that the utility model is used for:
A kind of fixed loading device based on side slope, it is characterised in that:
Irony base plate including level, irony plate upper surface is provided with the cube basic framework being made up of angle steel, base Organic glass box body is fixed outside this skeleton, lucite box house is provided with and fits to lucite interior and fix In the wooden portable plate of irony plate upper surface;
Lucite casing perforate wherein above the wooden portable plate of side, is provided with thrust steel plate, outside thrust steel plate Reaction frame is provided with, hydraulic jack is provided between thrust steel plate and reaction frame.
The lower surface of irony base plate is provided with slip tire.
Bolt hole is reserved with angle steel, each piece of transparent organic glass of lucite casing is bolted angle steel On.
Reaction frame is made up of square hollow section steel horizontal between the connecting rod and connecting rod of both sides, and connecting rod is angle steel material, even Extension bar is welded and fixed with the angle steel of cube basic framework by independent angle steel.
Hydraulic jack includes jack base and jack piston, and hydraulic jack base is fixed on the square tube of reaction frame On steel, hydraulic jack pistons end is contacted with thrust steel plate.
The utility model has advantages below:
Thrust steel plate is applied when using hydraulic jack using after the utility model device in experimental analogic method indoors During thrust, side slope can be subject to the thrusting action of thrust steel plate and stress and be deformed, and internal soil structures can be destroyed, with The gradually increase of thrust, external force suffered by side slope gradually increases, the deformation of side slope also gradually increases, while the inside of slope soil Structure necessarily may proceed to destruction, and the deformation of the various location soil body and soil pressure can also produce difference;When thrust is increased to necessarily When degree, i.e. sliding force are more than skid resistance, side slope is destroyed completely, can now measure the stress and deformation of side slope, and Situations such as the soil pressure loads change of every grade of thrust load soil under action body.Specific advantage mainly has:
(1)Facility can be implemented with on-site consolidation.Each component of the present apparatus is bolted, and on-site consolidation is formed, transport and Install very convenient.
(2)Good endurance, investment reduction.The present apparatus once complete, can be recycled, it is time saving and energy saving, and the present apparatus support Shield and maintenance cost are relatively low;
(3)Safeguard and change convenient.If after present apparatus failure, can in time change part, effect is recovered at once;Practicality is good, It is easy to operate, cheap, it is easy to popularization and application.
(4)Various Slope Slidings and landslide phenomenon can be simulated, different size can be set according to different operating modes, according to different edge Slope supporting measure simulation some support pattern, measurable many kinds of parameters index.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1-apparatus of the present invention plan;
Fig. 2-apparatus of the present invention elevation;
Fig. 3-apparatus of the present invention primary structure main view I-I profiles;
Fig. 4-apparatus of the present invention primary structure main view II-II profiles;
In figure:1. the wooden 3. irony base plate of portable plate 4. of lucite casing 2. slides the angle steel of 5. bolt of tire 6. 7. the independent angle steel of 8. square hollow section steel of hydraulic jack base, 9. hydraulic jack piston, 10. thrust steel plate 11..
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in detail with reference to specific embodiment.
The utility model is related to a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope, including level irony base plate 3, irony base plate 3 lower surfaces are provided with slip tire 4, and the upper surface of irony base plate 3 is provided with the cube basic framework being made up of angle steel 6, substantially Organic glass box body 1 is fixed outside skeleton, lucite casing 1 is internally provided with and fits to the inner surface of lucite casing 1 and consolidate Due to the wooden portable plate 2 of the upper surface of irony base plate 3.Bolt hole is reserved with angle steel 6, each piece of lucite casing 1 is transparent Lucite is fixed on angle steel 6 by bolt 5.
Wherein the perforate of lucite casing 1 of the top of wooden portable plate 2 of side, is provided with thrust steel plate 10, thrust steel Reaction frame is provided with outside plate 10, hydraulic jack is provided between thrust steel plate 10 and reaction frame.
Reaction frame is made up of square hollow section steel 8 horizontal between the connecting rod and connecting rod of both sides, and connecting rod is angle steel material, even Extension bar is welded and fixed with the angle steel 6 of cube basic framework by independent angle steel 11.
Hydraulic jack includes jack base 7 and jack piston 9, and hydraulic jack base 7 is fixed on reaction frame On square hollow section steel 8, the end of hydraulic jack piston 9 contacts with thrust steel plate 10.
The function of the device critical piece is:Set transparent with machine glass in model casing both sides, can be with Real Time Observation case Situations such as interior slope deforming;It is connected with wooden portable plate 2 by bolt, can fixes and constrain the deformation in the motionless region of side slope, And change in displacement of the region for not installing wooden portable plate 2 when can observe side slope stress;Reaction frame passes through bolt and model casing Connection, space needed for can be very good to save experiment, will not deform because of loading device reaction frame while also ensure that;Oil Pressure jack is main loading device, and side contacts with reaction frame, and side contacts with thrust steel plate 10, thrust steel plate 10 then with side Slope directly contact;For the degree of thrust needed for every grade of loading, can voluntarily be set according to actual tests situation;Under irony base plate 3 It is easy to the device flexibly to move equipped with tire 4 is slided in surface.
During operation:
Step one:Early-stage preparations.Side slope and Soil Parameters are determined by field test(Including side slope angle, ratio of slope, height Degree, main rock matter characteristic etc.), likelihood ratio cast material is chosen according to parameters obtained, determine model box size and hydraulic jack Stroke etc., calculates every grade of size of the active force that needs to be further applied load.
Step 2:Make model casing.Tire 4 will be slided and be fixed on the bottom of irony base plate 3, while in 3 liang of irony base plate Side fixes angle steel 6 and forms side slope fixation basic framework, according to side slope model size, the prepared screw-bolt hole on angle steel 6, by organic glass Glass casing 1 is fixed with angle steel 6 with bolt 5.
Step 3:Make side slope model.Wooden portable plate 2 is fixed with angle steel 6 with bolt 5, model casing is reached surrounding Closed state, ready side slope cast material is filled in model casing according to side slope model needs, and side slope mould is checked emphatically The size of type, height and ratio of slope etc..
Step 4:Reaction frame is installed.Wooden portable plate 2 is removed, angle steel 6 is welded with square hollow section steel 8, constitute reaction frame, Reaction frame is fixed with independent angle steel 11 by bolt 5.
Step 5:Place hydraulic jack.Hydraulic jack base 7 is withstood into square hollow section steel 8, hydraulic jack piston 9 with The gentle touchdown holding force of thrust steel plate 10.
Step 6:Progressively load.Within a certain period of time, thrust load is increased steadily, observed and recorded slope deforming situation, directly Destroyed completely to side slope.
After using the present apparatus, with all kinds of side slope nature differences in the different engineerings simulated, its relevant parameter is such as:Model Side slope size, side slope concrete property, hydraulic jack stroke, jack loading effect power etc. can be according to realities in case size, case Border requirement of engineering, suits measures to local conditions, either large or small, more or less long or short or strong or weak.
Content of the present utility model is not limited to cited by embodiment, and those of ordinary skill in the art are new by reading this practicality Type specification and any equivalent conversion taken technical solutions of the utility model, are claim institute of the present utility model Cover.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope, it is characterised in that:
Irony base plate including level(3), irony base plate(3)Upper surface is provided with by angle steel(6)The basic bone of cube of composition Frame, fixes organic glass box body outside basic framework(1), lucite casing(1)It is internally provided with and fits to lucite casing (1)Inner surface is simultaneously fixed on irony base plate(3)The wooden portable plate of upper surface(2);
The wherein wooden portable plate of side(2)The lucite casing of top(1)Perforate, is provided with thrust steel plate(10), thrust Steel plate(10)It is provided with reaction frame, thrust steel plate outward(10)Hydraulic jack is provided with and reaction frame between.
2. a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Irony base plate(3)Lower surface slip tire is installed(4).
3. a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Angle steel(6)On be reserved with bolt hole, lucite casing(1)Each piece of transparent organic glass pass through bolt(5)It is fixed to Angle steel(6)On.
4. a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Reaction frame is by square hollow section steel horizontal between the connecting rod and connecting rod of both sides(8)Composition, connecting rod is angle steel material, connection The angle steel of bar and cube basic framework(6)By independent angle steel(11)It is welded and fixed.
5. a kind of fixed loading device based on side slope according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
Hydraulic jack includes jack base(7)And jack piston(9), hydraulic jack base(7)It is fixed on reaction frame Square hollow section steel(8)On, hydraulic jack piston(9)End and thrust steel plate(10)Contact.
CN201621220910.1U 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 A kind of fixed loading device based on side slope Active CN206223564U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108120635A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-06-05 西安科技大学 A kind of removable variable element multifunction test device
CN108918277A (en) * 2018-07-08 2018-11-30 北京工业大学 Multifunctional self-leveling weighing apparatus stress model chamber
CN108918828A (en) * 2018-07-08 2018-11-30 北京工业大学 A kind of side slope or the indoor model test method that comes down
CN108918278A (en) * 2018-07-08 2018-11-30 北京工业大学 Pile foundation indoor model test method
CN109142672A (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-01-04 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 A kind of landslide simulation experiment method for emergency flood fighting rehearsal

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108120635A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-06-05 西安科技大学 A kind of removable variable element multifunction test device
CN108918277A (en) * 2018-07-08 2018-11-30 北京工业大学 Multifunctional self-leveling weighing apparatus stress model chamber
CN108918828A (en) * 2018-07-08 2018-11-30 北京工业大学 A kind of side slope or the indoor model test method that comes down
CN108918278A (en) * 2018-07-08 2018-11-30 北京工业大学 Pile foundation indoor model test method
CN109142672A (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-01-04 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 A kind of landslide simulation experiment method for emergency flood fighting rehearsal
CN109142672B (en) * 2018-07-17 2019-05-24 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 A kind of landslide simulation experiment method for emergency flood fighting rehearsal

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