CN206218608U - Piler anti-sway device and piler - Google Patents

Piler anti-sway device and piler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206218608U
CN206218608U CN201621126583.3U CN201621126583U CN206218608U CN 206218608 U CN206218608 U CN 206218608U CN 201621126583 U CN201621126583 U CN 201621126583U CN 206218608 U CN206218608 U CN 206218608U
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China
Prior art keywords
piler
frequency converter
sway
electric machine
machine assembly
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Application number
CN201621126583.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙振勇
姚茜
张天仰
杨黎明
王钰培
陈涤新
邹丽
吕梦迪
丁力
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Beijing lifting and conveying machinery design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.
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BEIJING MATERIALS HANDLING RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Abstract

The utility model is related to stack mechanical field in logistic storage equipment, especially discloses piler anti-sway device and piler.The anti-sway device includes:Controller, frequency converter, electric machine assembly and position sensor, wherein, position sensor is arranged on the level moving machinery of piler, and controller, sensor, electric machine assembly are connected with frequency converter respectively;Electric machine assembly is connected with level moving machinery.The utility model gathers the position of piler level moving machinery by position sensor, frequency converter receives the given target location of controller, frequency converter carries out VFC position positioning, with the operation of controlled motor component, electric machine assembly driving level moving machinery carries out gear shift curve operating, to reduce swing amplitudes of the piler in startup and stopping, piler is eliminated because the column waved caused by phenomenon is rocked.

Description

Piler anti-sway device and piler
Technical field
The utility model is related to stack mechanical field in logistic storage equipment, and more particularly to piler is anti-waves dress Put and piler.
Background technology
Automatic stereowarehouse is a kind of class warehouse that can be automatically performed and pick and place goods function.Piler is automated three-dimensional Realize that automation picks and places the nucleus equipment of goods in warehouse, three direction coordinated movements of various economic factors of piler simultaneously pass through electrical control, automatically will Cargo unit is stored in or takes out tiered warehouse facility, can complete the access procedure of efficient handling of goods and materials and automation, effective section About human cost and management cost.
With the increase of the height and speed of lane stacker, piler itself waves aggravation in docking process, directly Connect and have influence on its operating efficiency and security.Current China, the piler for generally using is anti-to wave technology, substantially directly Wave phenomenon to eliminate for piler vibration characteristics in itself, due to the operation acceleration of vibration characteristics and piler and itself Mechanical structure is all directly related, therefore every vibration characteristics of piler all has specificity, it is necessary to be directed to specific stacking in advance Machine is calculated, or increases angular transducer and carry out Real-time Feedback to waving phenomenon, can be by changing the machinery of piler Structure or existing operation curve reach the purpose for eliminating and waving phenomenon.
Meanwhile, the operation curve of piler has direct relation with operation speed governing again, and common operation speed governing is by programmable control Device (PLC) control processed, it is given to run the different speed of service of motor to reach speed governing mesh by desired value and currency difference 's.Due to the specificity of piler mechanical structure, and external environment condition difference, every optimal speed governing distance of piler not phases Together, conventional speed control principle cannot eliminate specificity, cause electrical control to realize standardization, increased in debugging process when Between cost and human cost.Meanwhile, conventional piler speed governing uses the speed Control of constant acceleration, when the whole height of piler And the speed of service is when reaching a threshold value, bottom drives the hard acceleration and deceleration of piler to cause that the upper end of piler is waved Phenomenon, increases the parking positioning time of piler, and loading platform accurate positioning when top picks and places goods declines, and makes piler metal knot There is vibrating fatigue in structure, be a relatively inefficient use, and control effect is difficult to ensure that.
Also have by increasing piler upper drive mechanism to realize upper and lower speed sync, this is needed on conventional piler Increase other set device, cost increases.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem to be solved
The purpose of this utility model is to provide piler anti-sway device and piler, is shaken with solving reduction piler end Shimmy width, eliminates piler because waving the restricted problem of the height and speed of service limiting value caused by phenomenon.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of piler anti-sway device, and it includes:Control Device, frequency converter, electric machine assembly and position sensor, wherein, the position sensor is arranged at the level moving machinery of piler On, the controller, the sensor, the electric machine assembly are connected with the frequency converter respectively;The electric machine assembly with it is described Level moving machinery is connected.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the electric machine assembly includes:Connected motor and motor encoder, the electricity Machine is connected with the level moving machinery, and the motor encoder accesses the frequency converter by terminal interface.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the motor encoder includes:Connected motor rotations collector and signal are changed Calculate device;The motor rotations collector and the motor connection, the signal route marker access the frequency conversion by terminal interface Device.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the position sensor is laser range finder.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the position sensor accesses the frequency converter by plug interface.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the controller includes:Connected human-computer interaction interface and PLC technology Device, the human-computer interaction interface is provided with target location input frame, and the Programmable Logic Controller is connected with the frequency converter.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the frequency converter includes:Locator, location processor, power take off and many Individual interface, the locator is converted with the signal of the position sensor, controller and electric machine assembly respectively by interface respectively Device is connected;The location processor is connected with the locator, the power take off respectively, the power take off with it is described The motor connection of electric machine assembly.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the frequency converter also includes:Setting value filter, the setting value filter It is arranged on the connection line between the locator and the location processor.
The utility model additionally provides a kind of piler, and it includes that level moving machinery and above-mentioned piler are prevented waving dress Put, the position sensor of the piler anti-sway device is arranged on the level moving machinery, the piler is anti-to wave The electric machine assembly of device is connected with the level moving machinery.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the level moving machinery includes:Active wheels, follower group and girder steel knot Structure, the steel beam structure is installed in the active wheels and the follower group.
In certain embodiments, preferably, the piler is the double-column piler that bottom singly drives
(3) beneficial effect
The technology that the utility model is provided, position sensor gathers the position of piler level moving machinery, with reference to frequency conversion Device receives the given target location of controller, and frequency converter carries out VFC, with the operation of controlled motor component, electric machine assembly band Dynamic level moving machinery carries out gear shift curve operating, to reduce swing amplitudes of the piler in startup and stopping, eliminating stacking Machine is because the column waved caused by phenomenon is rocked.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of piler anti-sway device in the utility model one embodiment.
In figure:
1 Project Configuration;2 human-computer interaction interfaces;3 Programmable Logic Controllers;4 terminal interfaces;5 frequency converters;6 plug interfaces;7 electricity Machine encoder;8 motors;9 position sensors.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Below Example is used to illustrate the utility model, but is not limited to scope of the present utility model.
Based in the prior art in order to be processed when preventing from piler from waving causing deviations and the low problem of location efficiency Mode is complicated, the problem of DeGrain, and the utility model provides a kind of piler anti-sway device and piler.
Next, being specifically described by basic engineering, extension design and alternative design:
A kind of piler anti-sway device, as shown in figure 1, it is main by controller, frequency converter 5, electric machine assembly and position Sensor 9 is constituted.Wherein, position sensor 9 is arranged on the level moving machinery of piler, collection piler real time execution Locating numerical.Controller, sensor, electric machine assembly are connected with frequency converter 5 respectively, are uploaded with frequency converter 5 or passed down with various The signal transmission of the information content.Electric machine assembly is connected with level moving machinery, drives level moving machinery motion.
The basic functional principle of said structure is:Controller is used to receiving the target location of outside input, and by target position Put and be converted to frequency converter readable data and be transferred to frequency converter 5;Electric machine assembly is by real-time revolution information transfer to frequency converter 5;Position Sensor 9 is put by the location transmission of piler to frequency converter 5;The combining target position of frequency converter 5, revolution, the real-time position of piler Put, the inside speed governing algorithm of frequency converter basic fixed position function determines that motor 8 runs power, carries out the speed governing of motor operation, runs Power passes back to electric machine assembly, and electric machine assembly is adjusted according to corresponding operation power, operates.
Specific to electric machine assembly, it is mainly made up of motor 8 and motor encoder 7, and motor 8 is driven with level moving machinery Connection, motor encoder 7 accesses frequency converter 5 by terminal interface 4.Frequency values and power that motor 8 is transmitted to out according to frequency converter 5 Value work.After motor encoder 7 is by the real-time revolution coding of motor 8, by terminal interface 4 by comprising real-time revolution information Signal is sent to frequency converter 5.Exist between electric machine assembly and frequency converter 5 and upload and two information communications of download information.
In certain embodiments, motor 8 can select the model of SEW.
In certain embodiments, it is main by motor rotations collector and signal route marker, motor rotations for motor encoder 7 Collector is connected with motor 8, and signal route marker accesses frequency converter 5 by terminal interface 4.Motor rotations collector is used to adopt in real time Collect the revolution of motor 8, frequency converter 5 is sent to after the real-time revolution conversion that signal route marker gathers motor rotations collector.
Wherein, position sensor is laser range finder, can be arranged as required in some position of level moving machinery Put, the locating numerical of piler real time execution is accessed into frequency converter 5.
It should be noted that the specific installation site of laser range finder can be exchanged according to actual application environment.Together When, the number of laser range finder can also set multiple, and multiple can be connected with frequency converter 5, in certain embodiments, can be with Selection simultaneous communications, it is also possible to carry out selective communication, the mode that other communication lines can be closed when selectively communication is entered Row selection.
Position sensor 9 can use the connected mode of various signal transmissions with frequency converter 5, such as:Position sensor leads to Cross plug interface 6 and access frequency converter 5.
In addition, specific to controller, it essentially consists in man-machine interaction, the functions such as target location, display are obtained.Its it is main by Connected Project Configuration 1, human-computer interaction interface 2 and Programmable Logic Controller 3 are constituted.It is defeated that human-computer interaction interface 2 is provided with target location Enter frame, the target location input frame can be input through keyboard, screen handwriting input, voice collecting input, predeterminated position selection Deng multiple input modes, multiple input modes can and be deposited, it is also possible to simultaneously be deposited or single setting part.Programmable Logic Controller 3, uses In by various input information such as target location be changed into machinery prophesy or can transmit, readable signal is transferred to frequency converter 5.Control Connected by communication modes between device and frequency converter 5, controller can realize point-to-point absolute position to frequency converter 5 by program Control function is put, controller does not realize speed-regulating function in itself.
In certain embodiments, controller can be selected and can passed through between Siemens S7-1500, with frequency converter 5 PROFINET agreements are communicated, and controller is assigned using the DriveLib storehouses SINA_POS that TIAPortal is provided to frequency converter 5 Message, realizes the position such as Jog, Homing, MDI control function.
Based on above-mentioned various parts, frequency converter 5 is very important information processing, the implementation tool of the operational decisions of motor 8, It is main to be made up of locator, location processor, power take off and multiple interfaces, locator respectively by interface respectively with position The signal route marker connection of sensor 9, controller and electric machine assembly is put, to obtain piler real time position, target location, motor 8 real-time revolutions, the information such as fluctuating acceleration parameter is introduced, and be sent to location processor after these information are done into simple process;Position Put processor carries out generating after the treatment of logical process and internal speed governing algorithm basic fixed position and the operation work(of piler to information Rate.Basic fixed position and operation power are exported to electric machine assembly by power take off.And realize being closed with double by the speed governing of frequency converter 5 Ring is controlled, and makes piler realize becoming Accelerating running, so that mitigate piler waves phenomenon.
It should be noted that reducing the purpose of mechanical system vibration in order to reach, frequency converter 5 also includes:Setting value filtering Device, setting value filter is loaded to be prevented waving algorithm, and setting value filter is arranged at the connection between locator and location processor On circuit, the time cost of walking positioning can be further saved, while increasing the stability of system architecture.
Setting value filter can be realized preventing waving algorithm by software kit OA-VIBX.
It should be noted that controller, frequency converter 5, electric machine assembly may be constructed three level hardware configurations from top to bottom, Or possess the system engineering of this signal transmission structure.
In double-closed-loop control, fast debugging is completed according to the model of motor 8 first, complete the control of internal layer speed ring.Position Ring is then combined to optimize by the Control panel in debugging acid Starter with Trace function phases.After realizing two close cycles, The feedforward of adjustment position ring, and fluctuating acceleration parameter is introduced, realize more preferable dynamic response and precise positioning.
More fully protected to be done to technology, new piler is main to wave dress by level moving machinery and piler are anti- Put composition.The position sensor of piler anti-sway device is arranged on level moving machinery, the electricity of piler anti-sway device Thermomechanical components are connected with level moving machinery.
Wherein, level moving machinery is mainly made up of active wheels, follower group and steel beam structure, and steel beam structure is installed on In active wheels and follower group, the level moving machinery band mechanical pilar entirety that bottom drives is transported in track along roadway direction OK.
The piler is the double-column piler that bottom singly drives
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows the piler based on frequency converter operation speed regulating control in the present invention is prevented waving skill Art, compared with conventional piler is prevented waving technology, is only mitigated by changing the operation curve of piler and waves phenomenon, with heap Stack machine mechanical structure in itself is not directly dependent upon, it is not necessary to the machinery specificity of piler is considered, without changing piler The vibration amplitude and frequency of mechanical structure or calculated in advance or test piler.
The piler based on frequency converter operation speed regulating control in the present invention is prevented waving technology, introduces the general of fluctuating acceleration Read, improve the hardware features of piler operation curve, alleviate open firmly, the inertia impact that hard stop is caused to piler, from basic On the reason for alleviate piler and wave phenomenon, rather than eliminated for vibration characteristics.
The piler based on frequency converter operation speed regulating control in the present invention is prevented waving technology, introduces frequency converter timing Pattern, eliminates the specificity of upper Programmable Logic Controller speed governing program, realizes the standardization of programmable controller program.
Although being described to preferred embodiment of the invention above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention is not limited in above-mentioned Specific embodiment and components selection, above-mentioned specific embodiment is only schematical, be not it is restricted, this The those of ordinary skill in field is not departing from the present invention and scope of the claimed protection situation under enlightenment of the invention Under, many forms can also be made, these are belonged within protection scope of the present invention.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is the foregoing is only, is not used to limit the utility model, it is all at this Within the spirit and principle of utility model, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of piler anti-sway device, it is characterised in that including:Controller, frequency converter, electric machine assembly and position sensing Device, wherein, the position sensor is arranged on the level moving machinery of piler, the controller, the position sensor, The electric machine assembly is connected with the frequency converter respectively;The electric machine assembly is connected with the level moving machinery.
2. piler anti-sway device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the electric machine assembly includes:Connected electricity Machine and motor encoder, the motor are connected with the level moving machinery, and the motor encoder passes through terminal interface Access the frequency converter.
3. piler anti-sway device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the motor encoder includes:Connected Motor rotations collector and signal route marker;The motor rotations collector and the motor connection, the signal route marker lead to Cross terminal interface and access the frequency converter.
4. piler anti-sway device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the position sensor is laser ranging Instrument.
5. piler anti-sway device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the position sensor passes through plug interface Access the frequency converter.
6. piler anti-sway device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the controller includes:Connected is man-machine Interactive interface and Programmable Logic Controller, the human-computer interaction interface are provided with target location input frame, the Programmable Logic Controller with The frequency converter connection.
7. the piler anti-sway device as described in claim any one of 1-6, it is characterised in that the frequency converter includes:It is fixed Position device, location processor, power take off and multiple interface, the locator respectively by interface respectively with the position sensing The signal route marker connection of device, controller and electric machine assembly;The location processor is defeated with the locator, the power respectively Go out device connection, the motor connection of the power take off and the electric machine assembly.
8. piler anti-sway device as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the frequency converter also includes:Setting value is filtered Ripple device, the setting value filter is arranged on the connection line between the locator and the location processor.
9. a kind of piler, it is characterised in that prevent including the piler described in level moving machinery and claim any one of 1-8 Rocking equipment, the position sensor of the piler anti-sway device is arranged on the level moving machinery, the piler The electric machine assembly of anti-sway device is connected with the level moving machinery.
10. piler as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that
The level moving machinery includes:Active wheels, follower group and steel beam structure, the steel beam structure are installed on the master In driving wheel group and the follower group;
And/or,
The piler is the double-column piler that bottom singly drives.
CN201621126583.3U 2016-10-14 2016-10-14 Piler anti-sway device and piler Active CN206218608U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621126583.3U CN206218608U (en) 2016-10-14 2016-10-14 Piler anti-sway device and piler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621126583.3U CN206218608U (en) 2016-10-14 2016-10-14 Piler anti-sway device and piler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206218608U true CN206218608U (en) 2017-06-06

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111377177A (en) * 2018-12-28 2020-07-07 菜鸟智能物流控股有限公司 Logistics object management equipment and control method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111377177A (en) * 2018-12-28 2020-07-07 菜鸟智能物流控股有限公司 Logistics object management equipment and control method

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CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 100007 Lama Temple street, Dongcheng District, Dongcheng District, Beijing

Patentee after: Beijing lifting and conveying machinery design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100007 Lama Temple street, Dongcheng District, Dongcheng District, Beijing

Patentee before: Beijing Materials Handling Research Institute

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder