A kind of agricultural stalk crushes uniform reducing mechanism
The utility model is related to agricultural technology field, and specially a kind of agricultural stalk crushes uniform reducing mechanism.
Stalk is the general name of ripe crops cauline leaf part.It is often referred to wheat, paddy rice, corn, potato class, rape, cotton, sweet
The remainder of sugarcane and other crops after seed is harvested.The photosynthetic product of crops has more than half to be present in stalk
In, stalk, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and organic matter etc., is that one kind has multiduty reproducible living resources, stalk
It is a kind of roughage.
With the development and the transformation of management style of agricultural, economic transition, the straw utilization rate of crops is also increasingly
It is low, because without good solution, substantial amounts of stalk is incinerated, and not only have impact on environment, also destroys Agro-ecology.In order to
Stalk is better profited from, it is necessary to carry out chopping and returning or fermentation etc. to stalk, existing some straw millstones are to stalk
Crush it is uneven, and crush after straw utilization rate it is not high, waste come substantial amounts of manpower and time.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of agricultural stalk to crush uniform reducing mechanism, possesses crushing uniformly,
Utilization rate advantage high, solves that crushed stalk is uneven, straw utilization rate problem not high.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme：A kind of agricultural stalk crushes uniform crushing
Device, including shell, are respectively equipped with charging aperture and discharging opening at the top and bottom of the shell, electricity is provided with below the shell
Machine, the output shaft of the motor is provided with driving gear, and the driving gear is engaged with driven gear, the center of the driven gear
Place is socketed with one end of rotating shaft, the other end of the rotating shaft through shell and extend in the crushing chamber of enclosure formation and with
Crush the center socket of main wheel, the outer ring for crushing main wheel is provided with the main teeth of crushing, the inwall of the shell on to
Under be sequentially provided with built-in knife and crush next round, the inner ring of the crushing next round is provided with and crushes the crushing time that main teeth are adapted
Teeth, the both sides of the rotating shaft are equipped with crushing cutting edge and fix bar, and the fix bar is provided with fixed block away from one end of rotating shaft,
The fixed block is provided with crushing teeth, and the fixed block is provided with the mobile knife being adapted with built-in knife away from the side of fix bar
Preferably, the two bottom sides of the shell are equipped with supporting leg, and the opposite face of two supporting legs is provided with carrier aircraft plate,
The top of carrier aircraft plate is fixedly connected with the bottom of motor.
Preferably, the quantity of the crushing cutting edge and fix bar is respectively six and two, and six crushing cutting edges and two
Individual fix bar is staggered in the both sides of rotating shaft respectively.
Preferably, the quantity of the built-in knife is two, and two built-in knifes are symmetrical arranged centered on rotating shaft.
Preferably, the built-in knife, crushing cutting edge, fix bar, fixed block and moving blade are arranged at crushing main wheel
With the top for crushing next round.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows：
1st, the utility model is by the improvement to straw millstone, by setting charging aperture and discharging opening, so that entering
Sent out from discharging opening after entering the crushed stalk in crushing chamber, by the crushing cutting edge, fixed block, crushing teeth and the shifting that are set in rotating shaft
Cutting blade, so that effectively stalk is crushed, by the moving blade of rotation and using cooperatively for built-in knife, Ke Yigeng
Good crushes to stalk, when the stalk after crushing enters disintegrating area, by crushing main wheel, crushing main teeth, crushing
Next round is used cooperatively with crushing time teeth, is crushed to crushing uneven stalk, so as to the crushing for reaching uniformly is imitated
2nd, the utility model is by setting motor, so that drive driving gear to be rotated, by driving gear, driven tooth
Wheel is used cooperatively with rotating shaft, so as to effectively drive breaker and reducing mechanism in rotating shaft to crush stalk, is had
Uniform effect is crushed in the realization of effect, and simple structure, environmental protection easy to use, crush efficiency is higher.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 just cuts open structural representation for the utility model；
Fig. 2 is the overlooking the structure diagram of the utility model grinding gear.
In figure：1 shell, 2 charging apertures, 3 discharging openings, 4 motors, 5 driving gears, 6 driven gears, 7 rotating shafts, 8 crushing chambers, 9
Crush main wheel, 10 crush main teeth, 11 built-in knifes, 12 crush next rounds, 13 crush time teeth, 14 crushing cutting edges, 15 fix bars,
16 fixed blocks, 17 crushing teeths, 18 moving blades, 19 supporting legs.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is carried out
Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole
Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of creative work is made
The every other embodiment for being obtained, belongs to the scope of the utility model protection.
Fig. 1-2 is referred to, a kind of agricultural stalk crushes uniform reducing mechanism, including shell 1, the top and bottom of shell 1
Portion is respectively equipped with charging aperture 2 and discharging opening 3, by setting charging aperture 2 and discharging opening 3, so that the stalk submitting after crushing is outer
Shell 1, the lower section of shell 1 is provided with motor 4, and the output shaft of motor 4 is provided with driving gear 5, and the power supply mode of the motor 4 is all external
Power supply, driving gear 5 is engaged with driven gear 6, and the center of driven gear 6 is socketed with one end of rotating shaft 7, by setting motor
4 and driving gear 5, so that the motor 4 for rotating and driving gear 5 drive driven gear 6 and rotating shaft 7 to be rotated, rotating shaft 7
The other end through shell 1 and extend in the crushing chamber 8 that shell 1 is internally formed and with the center socket for crushing main wheel 9, crush
The outer ring of main wheel 9 is provided with the main teeth 10 of crushing, and the inwall of shell 1 is sequentially provided with built-in knife 11 and crushes next round from top to bottom
12, the inner ring for crushing next round 12 is provided with and crushes the crushing time teeth 13 that main teeth 10 are adapted, and the quantity of built-in knife 11 is
Two, and two built-in knifes 11 are symmetrical arranged centered on rotating shaft 7, by the crushing main wheel 9 for rotating and crush main teeth
10 setting, effectively coordinates with static crushing next round 12 and crushing time teeth 13, and the stalk after crushing is crushed, from
And the uniform effect of crushing has been reached, the both sides of rotating shaft 7 are equipped with crushing cutting edge 14 and fix bar 15, and fix bar 15 is away from rotating shaft
7 one end is provided with fixed block 16, and fixed block 16 is provided with crushing teeth 17, fixed block 16 away from the side of fix bar 15 be provided with it is interior
The moving blade 18 that blade 11 is adapted is put, by using cooperatively for built-in knife 11 and moving blade 18, makes the movement of movement
Blade 18 is crushed to stalk, has been effectively accomplished broken effect, built-in knife 11, crushing cutting edge 14, fix bar 15, solid
Determine block 16 and moving blade 18 is arranged at crushing main wheel 9 and crushes the top of next round 12, crushing cutting edge 14 and fix bar 15
Quantity is respectively six and two, and six crushing cutting edges 14 and two fix bars 15 are staggered in the both sides of rotating shaft 7 respectively,
Be staggered uniformly to crush to stalk, and the two bottom sides of shell 1 are equipped with supporting leg 19, and two supporting legs 19
Opposite face be provided with carrier aircraft plate, supporting leg 19 can be supported and fix to shell 1, the top of carrier aircraft plate and the bottom of motor 4
Portion is fixedly connected, and carrier aircraft plate has the effect of fixed motor 4 to motor 4.
When using, when stalk sends into crushing chamber from charging aperture 2, motor 4 drives driving gear 5 to rotate, the band of driving gear 5
Dynamic driven gear 6 and rotating shaft 7 are rotated, and the crushing cutting edge 14, fixed block set in rotating shaft 7 can be driven when rotating shaft 7 is rotated
16th, crushing teeth 17, moving blade 18 and crush main wheel 9 and rotated, crushing cutting edge 14, crushing teeth 17, moving blade 18 and interior
Put blade 11 to crush stalk, the stalk for making volume larger is broken into small volume, stalk after broken enters powder
During broken area, the crushing next round 12 and crushing time teeth 13 of crushing main wheel 9 and the main teeth 10 of crushing and static state in rotary state
Coordinate, the stalk after crushing is crushed, the stalk after crushing uniformly is sent out from discharging opening 3.
In sum：The straw millstone, by the improvement to straw millstone, by setting charging aperture 2 and going out
Material mouth 3, so that into being sent out from discharging opening 3 after the crushed stalk in crushing chamber 8, by the crushing cutting edge set in rotating shaft 7
14th, fixed block 16, crushing teeth 17 and moving blade 18, so that effectively stalk is crushed, by the moving blade for rotating
18 and built-in knife 11 use cooperatively, can preferably stalk be crushed, the stalk after crushing enters disintegrating area
When, by crushing main wheel 9, crushing main teeth 10, crush next round 12 and crush using cooperatively for time teeth 13, to broken uneven
Stalk crushed, so as to the uniform effect of the crushing for reaching, by setting motor 4, so as to drive 5 turns of driving gear
It is dynamic, by using cooperatively for driving gear 5, driven gear 6 and rotating shaft 7 so that effectively drive breaker in rotating shaft 7 and
Reducing mechanism is crushed to stalk, and effective to realize crushing uniform effect, effect is crushed in simple structure, environmental protection easy to use
Rate is higher, solves that crushed stalk is uneven, straw utilization rate problem not high.
While there has been shown and described that embodiment of the present utility model, for the ordinary skill in the art,
It is appreciated that these embodiments can be carried out various changes in the case where principle of the present utility model and spirit is not departed from, repaiies
Change, replace and modification, scope of the present utility model is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.