CN206189620U - Existing building is from load -bearing and insulating integration system - Google Patents

Existing building is from load -bearing and insulating integration system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206189620U
CN206189620U CN201621237943.7U CN201621237943U CN206189620U CN 206189620 U CN206189620 U CN 206189620U CN 201621237943 U CN201621237943 U CN 201621237943U CN 206189620 U CN206189620 U CN 206189620U
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China
Prior art keywords
existing building
heat
insulation
slab
supporting
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CN201621237943.7U
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Inventor
张洪波
齐建伟
郝贵强
石晓娜
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HEBEI DADI CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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张洪波
郝贵强
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an existing building is from load -bearing and insulating integration system belongs to the building field, including the heat preservation wallboard, the key lies in: be provided with the horizontal bracket rib in existing building floor department, the heat preservation wallboard sets up to be fixed between two horizontal bracket ribs and with the wall. The utility model discloses an useful technological effect is: the mass loading of heat preservation wallboard can not increase the load to existing building on the horizontal bracket rib, realized self -supporting and heat retaining integration, and the heat preservation effect can reach 60%~75% and just not produce cold bridge, each part in the horizontal bracket rib and heat preservation wallboard all can prefabricatedly accomplish in the mill, at the site assembly, the external wall construction process that has significantly reduced, the precision is high, and is of high quality, the efficiency of construction is high to owing to the operation of adoption assembled, the production of reducible building rubbish, environmental protection and energy saving, the heat preservation wallboard provides the second heavy safety guarantee with the existing building outer wall anchor nail of being connected within a definite time.

Description

Existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to building field, and in particular to a kind of existing building to the transformation of existing building external wall energy-saving is certainly Load bearing heat preserving integral system.
Background technology
At present, China's existing building total amount is about 50,000,000,000 square metres, and wherein town-property is about 27,000,000,000 square metres, public Building and industrial building are about 23,000,000,000 square metres.About 50 ~ 10,000,000,000 square metres that the implementation of 50% energy conservation standard has been pressed in house, Need about 170 ~ 20,000,000,000 square metres of transformation.Analyze according to statistics, constructing operation energy consumption accounts for 25% or so of national total energy consumption, builds High energy consumption adverse effect is built to protrude further.To realize the strategic requirement of sustainable development, country proposes that " energy-conservation subtracts The fundamental policy of row ".According to related request, the reducing energy consumption of most of existing building is completed to the year two thousand thirty, to reach saving The energy, effectively reduces atmosphere pollution, the purpose benefited the nation and the people.
Building is one of energy-saving and emission-reduction, the most important field of reply climate change, a content important in building energy conservation It is exactly exterior-wall heat insulation.The chief component that external wall is protected as architecture enclosing, is architectural energy consumption rich and influential family, and knot is gone along with sb. to guard him in reduction The energy consumption of structure turns into the important means of energy-saving and emission-reduction.At present, external wall transformation common method one is to paste smear mortar outside polyphenyl, Two is using plug-in insulation material.But when first two remodeling method has respective weak point.Paste and smear mortar side outside polyphenyl The shortcoming one of method is low reliability, easy to crack to come off, and is caused the accident;Two is short life, and binding agent is generally chemical products, and the life-span is not Foot 20 years;Three is existing building mostly old building, and weight during paste heat-preserving necessarily affects the reliability of building;Four is scene Workload is big, has than larger potential safety hazard.The shortcoming one of plug-in insulation material method is cost high;Two is to be also easy to produce cold bridge. It has to be noted that above-mentioned method can cause extra load to existing structure, and being directed to reducing energy consumption old more Building, China has two upsurge in construction phases from after 1949, and first high-tide period is the 50's, architectural design, construction Level is low, of poor quality, and aging and major injury has been presented, and urgent need carries out maintenance and reinforcement.Second high-tide period is 80 ~ 90 years Generation.As the development of urban construction and time elapse, old, old building increases year by year, buys or exchanges houses, changes using function, ties up Modification such as makes at the becoming increasingly conspicuous for phenomenon.Building function, remaining degree of safety and its energy consumption can not meet current requirement, occur in that one The building of large quantities of transformations that need reinforcement.
It is therefore desirable to design a kind of system that exterior-wall heat insulation transformation and self-supporting are carried out to existing old building.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model there is provided a kind of existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system and Construction method, level connection joint rib of slab is set at the floor of existing building and heat-insulation wall plate is set on level connection joint rib of slab, is protected The mass loading of warm wallboard realizes self-supporting and guarantor on level connection joint rib of slab on the premise of load is not increased to existing building Warm integrated design.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:A kind of existing building self-supporting heat-insulating Integral system, including the heat-insulation wall plate on the metope of existing building is connected to, it is critical only that:Set at existing building floor There is the level connection joint rib of slab for carrying heat-insulation wall plate, the heat-insulation wall plate is arranged between two level connection joint ribs of slab.
Advantageous Effects of the present utility model are:1st, level connection joint rib of slab is devised, the mass loading of heat-insulation wall plate exists On level connection joint rib of slab, existing building will not be increased and loaded, realize the integration of self-supporting and insulation, heat insulation effect can be with Reach 60% ~ 75% and do not produce cold bridge;2nd, each part and heat-insulation wall plate in level connection joint rib of slab can be prefabricated in the factory completion, Assemble at the scene, greatly reduce external wall construction operation, high precision, quality is good, improve efficiency of construction, and due to using dress With formula operation, the generation of building waste, environmental protection and energy saving can be reduced;3rd, heat-insulation wall plate and existing building exterior wall are complex as a whole, and gather Based on benzene, insulation effect is played, aerated concrete layer had not only played insulation effect but also can do self-supporting, and existing building exterior wall is not increased Load, the connection holdfast between heat-insulation wall plate and existing building exterior wall, there is provided the second heavy safety guarantee;4th, bar-mat reinforcement in heat-insulation wall plate Press-in heat-insulation layer is interior rather than is arranged between heat-insulation layer and supporting course, increased the intensity of heat-insulation layer, bar-mat reinforcement press-in heat-insulation layer The groove of formation increased the bonding force with supporting course so that supporting course is firmly combined with heat-insulation layer, difficult for drop-off;5th, whole system System is selected from common building material, low cost.
The utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the knot that the utility model existing building reinforces self-supporting heat-insulating integral system and construction method embodiment one Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of heat-insulation wall plate in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the knot that the utility model existing building reinforces self-supporting heat-insulating integral system and construction method embodiment two Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that the utility model existing building reinforces the another of self-supporting heat-insulating integral system and construction method embodiment two A kind of structural representation.
In the accompanying drawings:1 is heat-insulation wall plate, and 1-1 is heat-insulation layer, and 1-2 is bar-mat reinforcement, and 1-3 is supporting course, and 1-4 is decorative cover Layer, 1-5 is stiffener net, and 1-6 is positioning link, and 2 is level connection joint rib of slab, and 3 is anchor bolt, and 4 is positioning shaped steel, 5 It is bar planting, 6 is the extensible bolting bolt, and 7 is distributing reinforcement, and 8 is heat-insulation layer, and A represents existing building exterior wall, and B represents floor, and C is straight The trapezoidal bar base in angle.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one:Referring to accompanying drawing 1, the utility model provides a kind of existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system, Including the heat-insulation wall plate 1 being connected on the metope of existing building A, it is critical only that:Carrying is provided with existing building A floors to protect The level connection joint rib of slab 2 of warm wallboard 1, above-mentioned heat-insulation wall plate 1 is arranged between two level connection joint ribs of slab 2.
Above-mentioned level connection joint rib of slab 2 can be concrete moulding by casting, be prefabricated with concrete and existing building A floors The connected reinforcing bar in place.
It is proof strength, the floor thickness phase of above-mentioned level connection joint rib of slab 2 thickness in the height direction and existing building A Together.It is that heat-insulation layer 8 is set in the end of level connection joint rib of slab 2, the length fewer than the thickness of heat-insulation wall plate 1 10 of horizontal direction ~ 20mm。
Referring to accompanying drawing 2, above-mentioned heat-insulation wall plate 1 makes shaping in the factory, and specification is customized according to existing building size, when During requirement of engineering, wallboard side can carry out decoration treatment and set architectural surface 1-4 in factory(Such as pre-made coating ornamental surface or other dresses Finish coat), and impose diaphragm, it is to avoid the construction again after installation.Heat-insulation wall plate 1 includes heat-insulation layer 1-1 and bar-mat reinforcement 1-2, in above-mentioned bar-mat reinforcement 1-2 press-in heat-insulation layers 1-1 and is provided with supporting course 1-3 in press-in face.Bar-mat reinforcement 1-2 is pressed into heat-insulation layer Latticed groove can be produced when in 1-1, the contact area of supporting course 1-3 and heat-insulation layer 1-1 is increased, heat-insulation layer 1- is improved The cohesive of 1 and supporting course 1-3.The faying face of this external thermal insulation 1-1 and supporting course 1-3 can also be processed into corrugated to enter one Step lifting associativity.
It is the intensity of lifting supporting course 1-3, stiffener net 1-5 is provided with supporting course 1-3.Bar-mat reinforcement 1-2 with plus Positioning link 1-6 is provided between strong bar-mat reinforcement 1-5.Bar-mat reinforcement 1-2 and stiffener net 1- is connected by positioning link 1-6 5 form it into skeleton, further enhancing the globality of heat-insulation layer 1-1 and supporting course 1-3.
Above heat-insulation layer 1-1 is styrofoam or polyurethane plate.Supporting course 1-3 is aerated concrete layer, and supporting course 1-3 Thickness is 40-100mm.Distance is preferably 15-35mm between bar-mat reinforcement 1-2 and stiffener net 1-5.And also can make The component such as pre-buried angle steel, holdfast and suspension hook in journey.
Above-mentioned heat-insulation wall plate is as follows in the specific manufacturing process of factory:
1st, by heat-insulation layer 1-1 cutting formings on demand, and it is corrugated by its outside interface working process;
2nd, by bar-mat reinforcement 1-2 by artificial hammering or machinery press-in heat-insulation layer 1-1;
3rd, first one end of positioning link 1-6 and bar-mat reinforcement 1-2 are welded and fixed, then by the another of positioning link 1-6 One end is welded and fixed with stiffener net 1-5, finally pours supporting course 1-3;
4th, after after supporting course 1-3 coagulation formings, transported to job site by the way of vertical transport and assembled.
The anchor hole of connection anchor bolt 3 is installed on heat-insulation wall plate 1 after shaping by default spacing, with facilitate scene with The connection of existing building A.
The construction method of above-mentioned existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system is comprised the following steps:
Step a, the situation according to existing building A, the thickness of design accounting heat-insulation wall plate 1 and the heat-insulation wall plate that is prefabricated in the factory 1, it is prefabricated after the completion of transport to job site;When requirement of engineering, the outside of heat-insulation wall plate 1 can carry out decoration treatment in factory, in advance Coating ornamental surface or other architectural surfaces are done, and imposes diaphragm;Guide rail is set in transport vehicle carriage bottom so as to be prefabricated into Heat-insulation wall plate 1 uses vertical transport, and such mode can directly lift wall in erecting bed, and be not take up place heap emptying Between.
Step b, the level connection joint rib of slab for playing support and the effect of fixed heat-insulation wall plate 1 is set at existing building floor B 2, level connection joint rib of slab 2 herein is cast-in-place rib of slab, and cast-in-place rib of slab uses general concrete, lightweight concrete or aerating coagulation Soil.The reinforcing bar being connected with existing building A floors is prefabricated with concrete.Level connection joint rib of slab 2 can every layer or interlayer arrangement. Level connection joint rib of slab 2 is along the circumferentially disposed closing shaping of building.Further, also reinforcing bar can be matched somebody with somebody along the circumference of cast-in-place rib of slab.
When the bottom of existing building cannot set level connection joint rib of slab 2, away from existing building exterior wall horizontal range Slope is poured into a mould concrete and is right-angled trapezium bar base C after being molded to cutting depth 500mm at 500mm, plays the insulation of support bottom The effect of the load of wallboard 1.Set right-angled trapezium bar base C desirable top width 250mm, bottom width 200mm, height 200mm, substrate absolute altitude away from Grade 500mm.Basis pours preceding pre-buried positioning angle steel.
Step c, the metope brushing interfacial agents to existing building A, after heat-insulation wall plate 1 is placed on level connection joint rib of slab 2 Heat-insulation wall plate 1 is fixed on existing building A with anchor bolt 3;
More specifically, clearing up the outer plinth courses of existing building A first before brushing interfacial agents, rejecting out-of-flatness part and carry out Repairing and reinforcing is levelling, its flatness and finish is met the requirement of bonding and thermal insulation wallboard 1.Then, on existing building A exterior walls Mark out position baseline and beat installation anchor hole according to the anchor bolt position that heat-insulation wall plate is reserved, will be protected by anchor bolt 3 Warm wallboard 1 is fixed on existing building, and anchor bolt 3 is with existing building wall connecting depth preferably in more than 40mm.
Step d, carried out to the junction between heat-insulation wall plate 1 and heat-insulation wall plate, between heat-insulation wall plate 1 and level connection joint rib of slab 2 Filling, decoration treatment, more specifically, the junction between heat-insulation wall plate 1 is set at the sealing adhesive tape as moulding Reason;Junction between heat-insulation wall plate 1 and level connection joint rib of slab 2 is filled with sealing silica gel or foaming Polyurethane;Anchoring spiral shell Bolt 3 is supporting to set at least one sealing piece, can also arrange that moulding is buckled, and plays moulding beautification function on anchor bolt 3.In level The end face setting heat-insulation layer 8 for connecting rib of slab 2 realizes seamlessly transitting for upper and lower two heat-insulation wall plates 1.Heat-insulation layer 8 can be FTC, The thermal insulation materials such as MFC.
The making of level connection joint rib of slab 2, the installation of heat-insulation wall plate 1 are fixed and followed from bottom to top in above-mentioned steps, from side The order of beginning carries out installation exercise.And the making of level connection joint rib of slab 2, the installation of heat-insulation wall plate 1 can be carried out simultaneously.
Embodiment two:Referring to accompanying drawing 3 and 4, it is and existing building from above-mentioned level connection joint rib of slab 2 unlike embodiment one The positioning shaped steel 4 mutually fixed at A floors, above-mentioned positioning shaped steel 4 by through positioning shaped steel 4 and with existing building A floors at phase Fixed bar planting 5 or the extensible bolting bolt 6 is connected with existing building A floors.Distributing reinforcement 7 also can be set in positioning shaped steel 4 It is to increase intensity.Positioning shaped steel 4 preferentially selects angle steel.
Such setting may be such that level connection joint rib of slab 2 realizes the assembling at scene, and without the cast using embodiment one Mode.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system, including it is connected to existing building(A)Metope on insulated wall Plate(1), it is characterised in that:In existing building(A)Carrying heat-insulation wall plate is provided with floor(1)Level connection joint rib of slab(2), institute State heat-insulation wall plate(1)It is arranged on two level connection joint ribs of slab(2)Between.
2. existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The level connection joint Rib of slab(2)It is concrete moulding by casting, is prefabricated with concrete and existing building(A)The reinforcing bar being connected at floor.
3. existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The level connection joint Rib of slab(2)It is and existing building(A)The positioning shaped steel mutually fixed at floor(4), the positioning shaped steel(4)By through location type Steel(4)And and existing building(A)The bar planting mutually fixed at floor(5)Or the extensible bolting bolt(6)With existing building(A)At floor It is connected.
4. existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The level connection joint Rib of slab(2)Thickness and existing building in the height direction(A)Floor thickness is identical, and the length of horizontal direction compares heat-insulation wall plate (1)The few 10 ~ 20mm of thickness.
5. the existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system according to claim any one of 1-4, it is characterised in that:It is described Heat-insulation wall plate(1)Including heat-insulation layer(1-1)And bar-mat reinforcement(1-2), the bar-mat reinforcement(1-2)Press-in heat-insulation layer(1-1)It is interior and Supporting course is provided with press-in surface side(1-3).
6. existing building self-supporting heat-insulating integral system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:In supporting course(1- 3)Inside it is provided with stiffener net(1-5), in supporting course(1-3)Lateral surface be provided with architectural surface(1-4).
CN201621237943.7U 2016-11-18 2016-11-18 Existing building is from load -bearing and insulating integration system Active CN206189620U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106381938A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-08 张洪波 Self-bearing heat-insulating integrated system for existing building and construction method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106381938A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-08 张洪波 Self-bearing heat-insulating integrated system for existing building and construction method

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Effective date of registration: 20180824

Address after: 050035 266 Tianshan Street, Shijiazhuang, Hebei

Patentee after: HEBEI DADI CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 050000 266 Tianshan Street, hi tech Zone, Shijiazhuang, Hebei

Co-patentee before: Hao Guiqiang

Patentee before: Zhang Hongbo