CN206189345U - Dry rubble ecological landscape bank protection is filled on concrete check ridge - Google Patents

Dry rubble ecological landscape bank protection is filled on concrete check ridge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206189345U
CN206189345U CN201621139317.4U CN201621139317U CN206189345U CN 206189345 U CN206189345 U CN 206189345U CN 201621139317 U CN201621139317 U CN 201621139317U CN 206189345 U CN206189345 U CN 206189345U
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filled
ridge
rockfill
bank protection
concrete
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CN201621139317.4U
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刘小梅
徐福军
王军
吴金龙
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Shanghai Water Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Shanghai Water Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dry rubble ecological landscape bank protection is filled on concrete check ridge, including top of slope, domatic and toe, the concrete check ridge has been laid on domatic, enclose on the concrete check ridge to close and be formed with a plurality of check ridge frame, filled dry rubble in each check ridge frame, the toe is provided with an edge domatic horizontal extension irritates building block stone town foot, the town foot side of irritating building block stone town foot has been laid ecological gabion banket and has been protected the beach. The utility model has the advantages of the utility model discloses a dry rubble ecological landscape bank protection is filled on concrete check ridge structure safety, the view is good, construction process is simple, the maintenance is convenient, is applicable to river loke shore slope view training works, is particularly useful for the ecological river course of near engineering district great mountain area section of the abundant while velocity of flow of building stones or view, and the advantage is showing.

Description

Fill placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection in the concrete lattice ridge
Technical field
The utility model is related to protective slope structure, belongs to river loke shore slope ecology remedial technology, more particularly to a kind of concrete lattice Fill placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection in the ridge.
Background technology
Ecological revetment be the ABC of the subjects such as integration engineering mechanics, agrology, ecology and botany to slope or Side slope carries out supporting, the bulkhead tech of the comprehensive slope protection system that formation is made up of plant or engineering and plant.Excavation slope is formed After, by planting plants, prevented with interaction (root system anchoring effect) side slope top layer of rock, the soil body using plant Shield, reinforcing, are allowed to meet the requirement of side slope top layer stabilization, and can recover the bank protection side of destroyed natural ecological environment Formula, is a kind of effective bank protection, the means of Gu Po.
Result of the generation of bulkhead tech from the mankind with flood long-term struggle, ancient times resist the dyke Chang Yinshui of flood Stream is washed away and bursts, and people are just tied up or sunk using timber, branch the raw modes such as bamboo raft and prevent river course bank slope from caving in.With shield The progressively development of slope technology, the Gravity Retaining Wall that block stone is assembled has played important work in the struggle that the mankind resist flood early stage With.
The application of concrete technology has been greatly facilitated the development of bulkhead tech, stone masonry bank protection, Cantilever Retaining Wall, shotcrete branch The modes such as shield are arisen at the historic moment, and these traditional bank patterns improve stability of slope, to improving side slope safety protection, soil erosion side Face serves obvious action.So far obtained extensively in water conservancy, road, building, municipal gardens and mining etc. field Application.
With the application of conventional concrete river course slope protection pattern, its drawback is also more notable.Traditional bank is by whole river slope Surface-closed gets up, the mass exchange completely cut off between soil and water body, and the plant on former river course bank slope cannot grow, Jin Erying Ring the benign cycle to aquatic animals and plants or even whole water ecosystem, water quality deterioration, bacteria breed, aquatic animals and plants extinction The ecological environment problems such as death need change badly.
With the development of economic society, the improvement of people's living standards is made the life better to get close to and naturally thirst for more urgent. Based on this, the ecological vestige theory that a kind of integration engineering mechanics, agrology, ecology and botany are integrated is obtained extensively Accreditation.While ecological vestige seeks to fill that river course slope protection function, recover river channel ecology system balancing, bring green into life It is living, by life assimilated into nature.
The development of above-mentioned bulkhead tech shows that original bank protection mode effect is little, it is impossible to meet the demand for security of structure;Pass Although system bulkhead tech improves the security of bank protection, but the destruction of thing followed water body environment has badly influenced people's Life, novel ecological slope protection theory structure set safety improves on one with ecology, can effectively improve water pollution present situation, is The forward position direction of current river bulkhead tech development, it would be highly desirable to work out the new new construction of ecoscape bulkhead tech.
Therefore, applicant carried out beneficial exploration and trial, have found result of the above problems, will be detailed below being situated between The technical scheme for continuing is produced under this background.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is:A kind of ecoscape bank protection is provided, the ecoscape bank protection is efficiently solved Vertical type grouts barricade and the problem isolated stiff with river course will be afforested after bank in conventional river engineering, with structure safety, landscape The advantages of good, construction technology is simple, maintenance is convenient.
The technical problem that the utility model is solved can be realized using following technical scheme:
Fill placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection, including slope top, domatic and toe in the concrete lattice ridge, it is characterised in that It is described it is domatic on be laid with the concrete lattice ridge, enclosed on the concrete lattice ridge and be formed with multiple lattice ridge frame, each lattice ridge inframe Placed rockfill is filled, the toe is provided with one along the domatic filling building block stone town pin for extending laterally, the filling building block stone The town pin side of town pin is equipped with Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the concrete lattice ridge is laid in below design flood level It is domatic on.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, the concrete strength grade on the concrete lattice ridge is not less than C20.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it is described it is domatic on be located at the concrete lattice ridge lower section spread It is provided with one layer of geotextiles.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, on each lattice ridge, inframe is buried positioned at the bottom of the placed rockfill It is provided with packed rubble.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, appropriate plant roots and stems and organic are mixed in the packed rubble Soil.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, filled out in the block crack of stone gap of the placed rockfill of each lattice ridge inframe Earth's surface organoclay is built, and vegetable seeds is sowed in the earth's surface organoclay.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it is filled with the block stone gap on the Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach Machine soil, and submerged plant seed is sowed in the organoclay.
In a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, pushed up and/or domatic more than design flood level on the slope Position plantation green plants.
As a result of technical scheme as above, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:The utility model is using ecological Gabion shield beach, concrete lattice ridge grid fill pitched work, is aided with block stone gap ridging plantation greening composition forms, by stone, The nature virgin materials such as plant are incorporated in dredging waterway and natural landscape, and vertical type grouts gear in effectively solving conventional river engineering Wall will afforest the problem isolated stiff with river course after bank.Secondly, the moulding on the domatic concrete lattice ridge of the present utility model can Needed to carry out linear change according to landscape, enrich riverside landscape;It is artificial in the block crack of stone gap of the placed rockfill on the concrete lattice ridge Training planting soil, landscape effect is fabulous after luxuriant growth, repairs convenient.Furthermore, the cylinder mould parcel on Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach Level matches somebody with somebody block stone, can effectively be resisted levee toe is washed away compared with high speed water flow using the weight of block stone itself and the globality of gabion, And possess obvious flexible and ductility.
Compared with common bank protection type, placed rockfill ecoscape protective slope structure is filled on the concrete lattice ridge of the present utility model Safety, landscape are good, construction technology is simple, maintenance is convenient, it is adaptable to river loke shore slope Landscape improvement engineering, are particularly suited for Project Areas Neighbouring building stones are abundant while flow velocity is compared with Mountainous region section or landscape ecological river course, and advantage is notable.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment Or the accompanying drawing to be used needed for description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only It is some embodiments of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, is not paying the premise of creative work Under, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is enlarged drawing at the I of Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
In order that technological means, creation characteristic, reached purpose and effect that the utility model is realized are easy to understand, under Face combines and is specifically illustrating, and the utility model is expanded on further.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, what is be given in figure is that placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection, including slope top are filled in the concrete lattice ridge 100th, domatic 200 and toe 300.
It is located on domatic 200 on the position below design flood level and is laid with the concrete lattice ridge 210, the concrete lattice ridge 210 On enclose and be formed with multiple lattice ridge frame (not shown)s, each lattice ridge inframe has filled placed rockfill 220, upper positioned at coagulation The lower section on the native lattice ridge 210 is equipped with one layer of geotextiles 230.
The concrete strength grade on the concrete lattice ridge 210 is typically not less than C20, and size is 400mm × 600mm, and lattice ridge spacing takes 3 ~4m, can be to the domatic formation firm effect of placed rockfill, and Slope ratio is calculated according to monolithic stability and determined.In horizontal layout The concrete lattice ridge is in plane net trellis, and form change versatile and flexible can be set the beautification pattern of different modeling, enrich riverside landscape effect Really.
Need to ensure that each block stone volume of placed rockfill 220 is sufficiently large, using the block stone weight of itself can effectively resist compared with The current scour of big flow velocity.According to《Code for design of levee projects》D.3.4 clause requirement in (GB 50286-2013), in water The lower protection works bank protection thickness of stream effect can be calculated according to following formula:
In formula:D-- bank protections thickness (m);
V-- flow rate of water flow (m/s);
G-- acceleration of gravity (m/s2);
The coefficient of stability of C-- protecting building blocks stone motion;Horizontal base slope C=1.2, sloping beach C=0.9;
rs-- the unit weight (kN/m of stone3);
Unit weight (the kN/m of r-water3);
According to engineering practice, the permission non-scouring velocity of individual layer placed rockfill (20~30cm of thickness) is 2.50~4.00m/s, tool Determined according to calculating using block stone thickness in body engineering.The block of the placed rockfill 220 of each lattice ridge inframe on the concrete lattice ridge 210 Earth's surface organoclay is filled in crack of stone gap, and vegetable seeds is sowed in earth's surface organoclay, additionally, the concrete lattice ridge 210 is each The bottom that lattice ridge inframe is located at placed rockfill 220 is embedded with packed rubble 240, and packed rubble 240 is interior to mix appropriate plant roots and stems And organoclay, so that form effective regeneration on dry stone pitching and create the ecological ring of suitable aquatic animals and plants and microorganism Border.The design of placed rockfill 220 is effectively reinforced to the concrete lattice ridge 210, make whole dry stone pitching globality compared with Good, shock-absorbing capacity is stronger.
Toe 300 is provided with a filling building block stone town pin 310 extended laterally along domatic 200, by filling building block stone town pin 310 Own wt maintains the stability of upward slope structure, fills the size of building block stone town pin 310 and designs determination by concrete engineering, for example, slope ratio It is 1:2, highly it is the bank protection of 5m, filling building block stone town pin 310 should be arranged to 800mm × 1000mm.
The town pin side for filling building block stone town pin 310 is equipped with Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach 320, Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach 320 Horizontal positioned, in parallel in a row to resist current scour, the laying length L on Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach 320 is extremely counted according to river-bed deepened Calculate limiting scour simultaneously domatic stopping naturally and determine, i.e., using the flexible of Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box, ductility and durability principle shape Beach face into nearly toe point is protected.Stone filling is with cobble stone, boulder, dog head stone, block stone in the cylinder mould on Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach 320 Based on the building auxiliary material such as processing clout, it is desirable to which particle diameter is generally advisable more than cylinder mould mesh aperture.Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach 320 Organoclay is filled in block stone gap, and submerged plant seed is sowed in the organoclay, the later stage forms submerged plant band and prevents Band is rushed, it is preferable in terms of structure safety, ecoscape.
In addition, pushing up 100 and/or domatic 200 positions being located at more than design flood level on slope plants green plants.Greening is planted Thing intersperses Landscape stone therebetween based on stunted brushwood, you can beautification landscape again can prevention soil and water loss.
The form of construction work that placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge of the present utility model is as follows:
1st, cofferdam is filled.According to river course own characteristic, can be using barrage cofferdam or along river cofferdam, by cofferdam and proposed gear River is drained between wall water front, and drainage measure is needed in place.Mountain channel can treat dry season direct dry application work;
2nd, bank slope basal plane cleaning.According to design slope than cleaning bank slope basal plane, to undesirable silt soil, fertile soil etc. It is purged, changes the preferable topsoil of matter of banketing, smooth treatment is carried out to the beach in the range of Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box laying;
3rd, filling building block stone town pin 310 and the concrete lattice ridge 210 are poured.Hand excavation town pin foundation ditch, pours filling building block first Stone town pin 310 and the concrete lattice ridge 210, backfill town pin foundation ditch high to Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box design bottom after filling building block stone intensity and be up to standard Journey;
4th, laying Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach 320.The alloy-steel wire gabion size on Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach 320 should meet Design requirement, the benefit that should be tried one's best between gabion and gabion packing reality;Alloy-steel wire gabion producer makes on-site consolidation colligation, and is setting Meter cross section place lapping dress stone envelope cage is once completed, and is admixed in gabion box after organoclay sows submerged plant seed and is flattened maintenance;
5th, placed rockfill 220 is filled.After concrete lattice ridge intensity is up to standard, in each lattice ridge frame on the concrete lattice ridge 210 The packed rubble 240 of one thickness 100mm of uniform laying, inside mixes appropriate plant roots and stems and organoclay;Selection meets domatic laid dry will The block stone asked, successively builds by laying bricks or stones from low to high, laying placed rockfill 220 wanted in each lattice ridge frame on the concrete lattice ridge 210 panelling, Leveling, fills earth's surface organoclay and sows vegetable seeds in block crack of stone gap;
6th, landscape planting plantation.Design flood level above slope greening is planted based on stunted brushwood, and landscape is interspersed therebetween Stone, you can beautification landscape can prevent erosion again.Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats protects beach 320 to broadcast sowing shallow water plant, submerged plant grass Based on seed.Ground to be afforested and can plant arbor according to land use situation and be aided with pavement etc..
General principle of the present utility model and principal character and advantage of the present utility model has been shown and described above.One's own profession The technical staff of industry it should be appreciated that the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments, described in above-described embodiment and specification Simply illustrate principle of the present utility model, on the premise of the utility model spirit and scope are not departed from, the utility model is also Various changes and modifications are had, these changes and improvements are both fallen within the range of claimed the utility model.The utility model Claimed scope is by appending claims and its equivalent thereof.

Claims (9)

1. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection, including slope top, domatic and toe are filled in the concrete lattice ridge, it is characterised in that institute State and be laid with domatic the concrete lattice ridge, enclosed on the concrete lattice ridge and be formed with multiple lattice ridge frame, each lattice ridge inframe is filled out Placed rockfill is built, the toe is provided with one along the domatic filling building block stone town pin for extending laterally, the filling building block stone town The town pin side of pin is equipped with Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box spats shield beach.
2. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the coagulation Tu Gegeng be laid in below design flood level it is domatic on.
3. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the coagulation The concrete strength grade of Tu Gegeng is not less than C20.
4. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that on the slope It is located on face below the concrete lattice ridge and is equipped with one layer of geotextiles.
5. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in each lattice The bottom that ridge inframe is located at the placed rockfill is embedded with packed rubble.
6. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that described packed Appropriate plant roots and stems and organoclay is mixed in rubble.
7. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in each lattice Earth's surface organoclay is filled in the block crack of stone gap of the placed rockfill of ridge inframe, and vegetable seeds is sowed in the earth's surface organoclay.
8. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the ecology Organoclay is filled in the block stone gap on gabion spats shield beach, and submerged plant seed is sowed in the organoclay.
9. placed rockfill ecoscape bank protection is filled on the concrete lattice ridge as any one of claim 1 to 8, and its feature exists In in slope top and/or the domatic position plantation green plants more than design flood level.
CN201621139317.4U 2016-10-19 2016-10-19 Dry rubble ecological landscape bank protection is filled on concrete check ridge Active CN206189345U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108978579A (en) * 2018-09-06 2018-12-11 江苏建筑职业技术学院 A kind of river course environment repairs structure and river channel ecology environment restoration method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108978579A (en) * 2018-09-06 2018-12-11 江苏建筑职业技术学院 A kind of river course environment repairs structure and river channel ecology environment restoration method

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