CN206135745U - Solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices - Google Patents

Solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN206135745U
CN206135745U CN201621127942.7U CN201621127942U CN206135745U CN 206135745 U CN206135745 U CN 206135745U CN 201621127942 U CN201621127942 U CN 201621127942U CN 206135745 U CN206135745 U CN 206135745U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
temperature difference
solar
solar energy
radiator
solar panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621127942.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
诸建平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Focused Photonics Hangzhou Inc
Original Assignee
Focused Photonics Hangzhou Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Focused Photonics Hangzhou Inc filed Critical Focused Photonics Hangzhou Inc
Priority to CN201621127942.7U priority Critical patent/CN206135745U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206135745U publication Critical patent/CN206135745U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices, wherein, solar energy optical -electric module from the top down includes gallium arsenide solar cell, first quick heat -transfer device, thermoelectric generation unit, the quick heat -transfer device of second and radiator in proper order, including radiator, insulating layer, solar panel radiator surface is provided with the insulating layer the insulating layer with directly be provided with at least one thermoelectric generation chip between the solar panel. The utility model discloses not only can fix thermoelectric generation chip one or more between solar panel and the radiator surface with the module mode, can also adopt whole mode fixed, form a modular device. Especially, the U font fluting through radiator both sides can carry out the independent assortment, not only is applicable to large batch industrial production, and its generating efficiency is high moreover, the stable performance, and market prospect is good.

Description

Solar energy and temperature difference electricity generation device
Technical field
This utility model is related to a kind of device of employing solar energy power generating, especially a kind of to utilize thermo-electric generation simultaneously The modular unit generated electricity by piece.
Background technology
Solar electrical energy generation, mainly by using the photoelectric effect of semi-conducting material, converts solar energy into electric energy.It is now normal Solar panel has monocrystaline silicon solar cell, polysilicon solar cell, non-crystal silicon solar cell (the thin film sun Energy battery) and multi-element compounds solar cell etc..Thermo-electric generation is that, based on Seebeck effect, it is different by two kinds of N, P The semi-conductor thermoelectric material of type is in series through the flow deflector of good conductivity, when hot junction is heated, builds the two ends of device The temperature difference is erected, two kinds of carriers all flow to cold end, form thermoelectric generator.Thermo-electric generation chip has the advantages that numerous uniquenesses: Safe and reliable, long service life, maintenance cost are low, no noise, it is possible to use the heat such as solar energy, radiosiotope radiation Source, the area for adapting to any special climate use.
In the prior art, it has been disclosed that have while the device generated electricity using solar panel and thermo-electric generation sheet, Such as in a kind of secondary solar photoelectric module that notification number is CN102510240A, including a framework, the framework upper installation Have Fresnel Lenses, with framework in, secondary solar photoelectric module, the secondary solar energy are installed below Fresnel Lenses Optical-electric module include successively from top to bottom arsenic transfer solar battery sheet, the first quick conductive device, thermo-electric generation blade unit, Second quick conductive device and radiator.
In the technical scheme of the patent, when GaAs solar modules work, heat can be distributed in time, and the heat for distributing Measure and heat for the hot junction to thermo-electric generation sheet, realize thermo-electric generation, secondary utilization is carried out equivalent to solar energy, improve too Positive energy utilization rate.Using yittrium alloy superconduction thermal as quick conductive device, its simple structure, low manufacture cost, heat conduction effect Rate is fast;Solar battery cell, the first quick conductive device, thermo-electric generation are transferred as effectively connection arsenic using graphite film interlayer Interlayer between blade unit, the second quick conductive device and radiator, using graphite alloy film ductility itself is good, heat conduction effect The high characteristic of rate, it is ensured that between each structure sheaf it is comprehensive effective releasing and accelerate conduction of heat, be conducive to radiating.
But, still have simplified space in structure, especially the first quick conductive device, second quick conductive device etc. Part is not only at least produced the thermal resistance of 4 junction contact surfaces, and radiating is affected, and process of manufacture In, the complexity and product later stage that can also increase technique use the stability of process.
Utility model content
This utility model is directed to above-mentioned deficiency, there is provided a kind of while using solar energy and the device of thermo-electric generation, especially Modularity TRT thermo-electric generation chip being directly produced between solar panel and spreader surface.
To achieve these goals, this utility model using the technical scheme of solar energy and temperature difference electricity generation device is:
Solar energy and temperature difference electricity generation device, include secondary solar photoelectric module, described secondary solar photoelectric mould Block includes gallium arsenide solar cell, the first quick conductive device, thermo-electric generation unit, the second quick conductive from top to bottom successively Device and radiator, include radiator, insulating barrier, solar panel, and the spreader surface is provided with insulating barrier, At least one thermo-electric generation chip is provided directly between the insulating barrier and the solar panel.
Described thermo-electric generation chip is made up of the first circuit layer, thermo-electric generation layer and second circuit layer, the first circuit layer It is electrically connected to each other and second circuit layer between, the first circuit layer is arranged on the surface of insulating layer, second circuit layer is arranged on The back side of the solar panel with respect to power generating surface.
Described insulating barrier is the oxide layer of enamel layer or aluminium sesquioxide.
Described thickness of insulating layer is 0.8~1.5 micron.
The insulating barrier and/or solar panel are roughening structure with respect to the back side of power generating surface.
Described solar panel is fixedly arranged above collecting lenses or prefocus cup.
Respiratory organ is provided with space between described collecting lenses and solar panel.
Described solar electrical energy generation plate surface is provided with protective layer.
Described radiator both sides are respectively arranged with similar U-shaped fluting, and both sides fluting is in opposite direction, respectively vertical court Above and vertically downward.
Described radiator is natural heat dissipation, wind-cooling heat dissipating or water-cooling.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
As thermo-electric generation chip is directly produced between solar panel and spreader surface, so its structure letter Single, conduction of heat efficiently, is reduced and is conducted due to the heat using heat-conducting layer, improve whole stability.Insulating barrier adopts enamel The oxide layer mechanism of layer or aluminium sesquioxide, not only can have good insulation effect, and its heat conductivity is high, contributes to The conduction of heat.
The structure of built-in respiratory organ, can effectively reduce between collecting lenses and solar panel confined space due to heat Swollen shrinkage causes the destruction to sealing.
Collecting lenses adopt Fresnel Lenses, then can effectively increase solar panel and thermo-electric generation chip Unit area temperature, so as to improve the generating efficiency of solar panel and thermo-electric generation chip.
Thermo-electric generation chip one or more not only can be fixed solar panel with modular fashion by this utility model Between spreader surface, can also be fixed using integral way, form a modular unit.Especially by radiator two The U-shaped fluting of side can carry out independent assortment, be applicable not only to large batch of industrialized production, and its generating efficiency is high, property Can be stable, good market prospects.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the horizontal section schematic diagram of preferred embodiment center of the present utility model.
Specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, it is a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, by collecting lenses 1, radiator 2, solar energy Power generation plate 3, insulating barrier 4, thermo-electric generation chip 5, protective layer 6, respiratory organ 7 and wire 8 etc. are constituted.
Wherein, directly making on 2 surface of radiator has insulating barrier 4, between insulating barrier 4 and solar panel 3 directly Making has more than one thermo-electric generation chip 5.
Insulating barrier 4 is the surface that the mode of used physics or chemistry is directly produced on radiator 2, that is to say, that insulation There is no other media between layer 4 and 2 contact surface of radiator, and two kinds of materials are firmly combined with and directly contact.
Thermo-electric generation chip 5 is made up of the first circuit layer 51, thermo-electric generation layer 52 and second circuit layer 53, the first circuit layer It is electrically connected to each other between 51 and second circuit layer 52, the first circuit layer 51 is produced on the surface of insulating barrier 4, second circuit layer 53 It is produced on the back side of 3 relative power generating surface of solar panel.
Line layer is provided with first circuit layer 51 and second circuit layer 53, using printing, plating, compound or spraying method Make.In general, can be preferably suitable for by the way of traditional printing, especially in surface strength and durability degree, be suitable for Mass production.Line layer at least includes solderable position and electrical connection distribution, and thermo-electric generation chip is separately fixed at can Welding position, the electrical connection between each thermo-electric generation chip are series connection and/or parallel connection, are formed each thermo-electric generation chip It is electrically connected as entirety, unified output voltage and electric current.
On line layer in addition to solderable position and electrical connection distribution is at least included, electrostatic protection is also provided with One or more in the circuits such as circuit, rectification, pressure limiting, current control, to meet different function needs.
Thermo-electric generation layer 52 is mainly made up of the two distinct types of semi-conductor thermoelectric material of N, P, is correspondingly formed respectively The cold end of thermo-electric generation chip 5 and hot junction, by the two ends temperature difference of thermo-electric generation layer 52, drive electronics movement, so as to produce electricity Stream generates electricity, and is exported by wire 8.
Thus, it can be appreciated that from solar panel 3, to thermo-electric generation chip 5, again to insulating barrier 4, reduce Contact surface produce thermal resistance, not only simplify product structure, can be so that the generating efficiency and stability of product can be effectively improved.Especially Which is, after the back side roughening of 3 relative power generating surface of insulating barrier 4 and/or solar panel, can further contact-enhancing face Bonding strength, improves stability.
Insulating barrier 4 has good insulation effect, and a layer that heat conductivility is good, typically adopts enamel layer or three oxidations two The oxide layer of aluminum, thickness are 0.8~1.5 micron.The present embodiment uses enamel layer, and thickness is 1 micron.So-called enamel, be Material containing unorganic glass matter is combined by melting the one kind coagulated on parent metal and together with metal strong bonded Material.The insulating properties of enamel layer are good, by adding other high conductivity materials so as to while with good heat conduction Property.
Collecting lenses 1 are fixedly arranged above in solar panel 3, naturally it is also possible to adopt prefocus cup, can simultaneously have Effect protection solar panel 3, on the other hand can effectively focus on light, improve generating efficiency.Wherein, solar panel table Face arranges matcoveredn.
Respiratory organ 7 is provided with space between collecting lenses 1 and solar panel 3, respiratory organ 7 is mainly above-mentioned After space is caught a cold, in the case that space diminishes, air is sucked by respiratory organ 7, if likewise, above-mentioned space expanded by heating, Then by 7 exhalation air of respiratory organ, so as to reach the pressure balance of interior or exterior space, the air-tightness in space is kept.
Be respectively arranged with similar U-shaped fluting 22 in the both sides of radiator 2, both sides fluting 22 it is in opposite direction, respectively Vertically upward and vertically downward.The radiating mode of radiator 2 is natural heat dissipation, wind-cooling heat dissipating or water-cooling, or with top The combination application of formula.In the present embodiment, the back of radiator 2 is provided with numerous radiator fins 21, by carrying out with air Natural Heat Convection.
Radiator 2 is typically little using heat conductivity height, thermal resistance, quickly can conduct and equally distributed heat after being heated Object or device, it is conventional for copper, heat pipe, aluminium alloy, phase-change material, carbon fiber, Graphene etc. in a kind of metal, nonmetallic Or device.In this enforcement row, radiator 2 preferably adopts natural heat dissipation, using aluminum alloy material, as aluminum alloy materials have High thermal conductivity, in 230W/mK or so, and stabilized metal is preferably, and cost is relatively low, is easy to into by techniques such as aluminium extrusions Type.In addition to the radiator 2 of the present embodiment, can also be using heat pipe, fan, water-cooled, aluminium alloy heat radiator, fin radiator etc. In one or more combination, to meet varying environment and specific heat load requirement.
The present embodiment during actual tests, in identical experimental situation, depress, ambient temperature by 1 standard atmosphere In the case of for 15 DEG C -26 DEG C, using identical solar panel, generated outputs of the A for the present embodiment, B are traditional sun Can power generation plate generated output, following table point from morning 5 when, to generated output correction data during afternoon 17.
From above-mentioned data, it can be appreciated that the generating efficiency of the technical program is far above the simple solar electrical energy generation of tradition The generating efficiency of plate, performance advantage are obvious.
Embodiment described above, simply this utility model more preferably specific embodiment, those skilled in the art The usual variations and alternatives carried out in the range of technical scheme are should be construed as being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. solar energy and temperature difference electricity generation device, include secondary solar photoelectric module, described secondary solar photoelectric module Include gallium arsenide solar cell, the first quick conductive device, thermo-electric generation unit, the second quick conductive dress from top to bottom successively Put and radiator, it is characterised in that include radiator, insulating barrier, solar panel, arrange in the spreader surface There is insulating barrier, at least one thermo-electric generation chip is provided directly between the insulating barrier and the solar panel.
2. solar energy according to claim 1 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that described thermo-electric generation chip by First circuit layer, thermo-electric generation layer and second circuit layer composition, is electrically connected to each other between the first circuit layer and second circuit layer, First circuit layer is arranged on the surface of insulating layer, and second circuit layer is arranged on the solar panel with respect to power generating surface The back side.
3. solar energy according to claim 2 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that described insulating barrier is enamel layer Or the oxide layer of aluminium sesquioxide.
4. solar energy according to claim 3 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that described thickness of insulating layer is 0.8~1.5 micron.
5. the solar energy and temperature difference electricity generation device according to any one claim of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that described Insulating barrier and/or solar panel are roughening structure with respect to the back side of power generating surface.
6. solar energy according to claim 5 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that on described solar panel Side is fixed with collecting lenses or prefocus cup.
7. solar energy according to claim 6 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that described collecting lenses and the sun Respiratory organ is provided with space between energy power generation plate.
8. solar energy according to claim 7 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that described solar panel table Face arranges matcoveredn.
9. solar energy according to claim 8 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that described radiator both sides difference It is provided with similar U-shaped fluting, both sides fluting is in opposite direction, respectively vertically upward and vertically downward.
10. solar energy according to claim 9 and temperature difference electricity generation device, it is characterised in that described radiator is nature Radiating, wind-cooling heat dissipating or water-cooling.
CN201621127942.7U 2016-10-16 2016-10-16 Solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices Expired - Fee Related CN206135745U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621127942.7U CN206135745U (en) 2016-10-16 2016-10-16 Solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621127942.7U CN206135745U (en) 2016-10-16 2016-10-16 Solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206135745U true CN206135745U (en) 2017-04-26

Family

ID=58574470

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621127942.7U Expired - Fee Related CN206135745U (en) 2016-10-16 2016-10-16 Solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206135745U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106329999A (en) * 2016-10-16 2017-01-11 浙江聚珖科技股份有限公司 Solar energy and temperature difference power generation device
CN112248657A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-01-22 湖南凯通电子有限公司 Cooling device and cooling method for thermal printing head

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106329999A (en) * 2016-10-16 2017-01-11 浙江聚珖科技股份有限公司 Solar energy and temperature difference power generation device
CN112248657A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-01-22 湖南凯通电子有限公司 Cooling device and cooling method for thermal printing head
CN112248657B (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-07-02 湖南凯通电子有限公司 Cooling device and cooling method for thermal printing head

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202059353U (en) High power condensation solar energy photovoltaic photo-thermal composite power generation system
CN102422440A (en) Hybrid solar receiver, and concentrating solar system comprising the same
CN108599622B (en) Solar energy absorption temperature difference power generation device
KR100999513B1 (en) Hybrid generator using solar ray and heat
CN106329999A (en) Solar energy and temperature difference power generation device
EP2273561A1 (en) Thermally mounting electronics to a photovoltaic panel
CN206135745U (en) Solar energy and temperature difference power generation devices
TW201222904A (en) Thermoelectric generator apparatus with high thermoelectric conversion efficiency
WO2016045170A1 (en) Method for improving electricity generating efficiency of solar photovoltaic cell
US20160013343A1 (en) Integrated photovoltaic and thermal module (pvt)
CN101562415B (en) Generator
JPH09186353A (en) Solar cell module
CN204558490U (en) A kind of solar module device realizing cooling and thermo-electric generation
CN109274331A (en) A kind of PV-TE hybrid power plant thermally conductive based on graphene
CN206041854U (en) Photovoltaic power generation board temperature difference power generation devices
CN106449837A (en) Air-cooling photovoltaic cell module
US9608562B2 (en) Cooling fixture for solar photovoltaic panels
CN206274516U (en) A kind of wind-cooling heat dissipating cooling photovoltaic cell component
KR101221422B1 (en) Power generation system using solar energy
KR101636914B1 (en) Heating panel assembly of modularizing diode for solar light generation
CN206498369U (en) Heat radiating type solar junction box
CN206388731U (en) Water-cooled thermo-electric generation module
CN201392833Y (en) Heat tube radiation system of high-power rectifying device of four-inch thyristor
CN208365863U (en) A kind of solar heat electric-type cooling pad
JP2016214079A5 (en)

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170426

Termination date: 20201016

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee