CN206118471U - Large -scale vertical straw rubbing crusher - Google Patents

Large -scale vertical straw rubbing crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206118471U
CN206118471U CN201621115733.0U CN201621115733U CN206118471U CN 206118471 U CN206118471 U CN 206118471U CN 201621115733 U CN201621115733 U CN 201621115733U CN 206118471 U CN206118471 U CN 206118471U
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China
Prior art keywords
level
scale vertical
tube
flour
combination
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CN201621115733.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
褚斌
齐自成
李寒松
孙立刚
韩梦龙
李福欣
高亮
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Shandong Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences
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Shandong Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model provides a but large -scale straw rubbing crusher high -efficient, the high continuous production of degree of automation. A large -scale vertical straw rubbing crusher, includes: a pedestal. Feeding device sets up the base top, includes the urceolus, sets up inner tube and the rotatory power pack of drive inner tube in the urceolus, the one -level reducing mechanism is smashed the room, is set up including the one -level that has the feed inlet and smashes the indoor rotatory one -level motor of one -level pivot combinatorial sum drive one -level pivot combination in the one -level, with the second grade reducing mechanism, smash the room, set up including the second grade and smash the indoor rotatory second grade motor of second grade pivot combinatorial sum drive second grade pivot combination at the second grade, wherein the crushing room of one -level, the crushing room tandem arrangement of second grade are in the base, and rotation in the opposite direction is made up in the pivot of one -level pivot combinatorial sum second grade.

Description

Large-scale vertical stalk crasher
Technical field
The utility model is related to agricultural equipment correlative technology field, and in particular to a kind of large-scale vertical stalk crasher.
Background technology
Stalk mainly includes field crop stalk, booth vegetable stalk etc., the use of modern chemical fertilizer so that agricultural is to stalk The demand of made fertilizer greatly reduces, and stalk is treated as a great problem.As stalk is processed not in time, next season can be affected to make The sowing of thing.This becomes the odjective cause that mass burn stalk remains incessant after repeated prohibition.And crop straw burning is not only greatly safe hidden Suffer from, more cause serious atmosphere pollution, be the behavior that country prohibites.
At the same time, stalk is again manufacture fertilizer, the important source material of biogas, in order to reach optimal using effect, must It must be crushed, and current stalk crasher, the drawbacks of there is inefficiency, take time and effort, production efficiency cannot Meet the preparation demand of large-scale fertilizer, biogas plant, need more where artificial participation, labour intensity is high and easily causes people Member's injury.
Utility model content
The utility model purpose be to provide it is a kind of efficiently, high degree of automation, can the large-scale stalk crasher of quantity-produced.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is employed the following technical solutions:
A kind of large-scale vertical stalk crasher, including:Base;Drawing-in device, arranges base top, including outer tube, setting The power unit of inner core and driving inner cylinder rotating in outer tube;One-level reducing mechanism, including with charging aperture one-level pulverizing chamber, It is arranged on one-level and crushes the one-level motor that indoor one-level rotating shaft is combined and drives one-level rotating shaft combination rotation;With the broken dress of second patent flour Put, including the broken room of second patent flour, be arranged on the broken indoor two grades of rotating shafts combination of second patent flour and drive the two of two grades of rotating shafts combination rotations Level motor;
The wherein broken room arranged in series of one-level pulverizing chamber, second patent flour in base, combine by one-level rotating shaft combination and two grades of rotating shafts Rotation direction is contrary.
Above-mentioned large-scale vertical stalk crasher, power unit includes motor, worm-gear speed reducer and chain sprocket component, Motor is arranged on outer tube, worm-gear speed reducer by belt pulley assemblies and motor connection, chain sprocket component include with The minor sprocket of worm-gear speed reducer output end connection, the big sprocket wheel being fixed on inner tank theca and connection minor sprocket and big sprocket wheel Annular link chain.
Above-mentioned large-scale vertical stalk crasher, outer tube bottom is circumferentially disposed multiple supports for supporting inner core Seat combination.
Above-mentioned large-scale vertical stalk crasher, is disposed with the material toggling piece arranged according to helix on inner core inwall.
Above-mentioned large-scale vertical stalk crasher, arranged for interval has multiple striker plates on charging aperture.
Above-mentioned large-scale vertical stalk crasher, one-level is crushed rotating shaft combination, the broken rotating shaft combination two ends of second patent flour and is provided with The bearing block of bearing, bearing block connection lubricating oil Hydraulic Station.
Above-mentioned large-scale vertical stalk crasher, is provided with lift cylinders between outer tube and base.
Multiple rubbing-ribs are disposed with above-mentioned large-scale vertical stalk crasher, one-level pulverizing chamber and the broken chamber interior walls of second patent flour.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1)Support base is combined, and inner core can be carried out spacing, while inner core is when rotated, support base can be in certain model The horizontality of interior tube end plate is automatically adjusted in enclosing, it is higher to the carrying capacity of the disequilibrium of inner cylinder rotating, ensure equipment Effec-tive Function;
(2)Inner cylinder rotating adopts the transmission mechanism of sprocket wheel chain assemblies, and at present drive mechanism conventional on the market is by chain Bar is welded on one week on inner tank theca, and the shortcoming of this structure is that chain operates for a long time after abrasion, it is difficult to change, and this practicality is new It is welded on inner tank theca after type big sprocket wheel piecewise combination, chain changes convenient as consumable accessory;
(3)The material toggling piece arranged according to helix is disposed with inner core inwall, on the market common structure is one vertical In the steel plate of inner tube wall, the effect for stirring material is only served, the utility model material toggling piece plays and stirs material and push down on animal The double action of material;
(4)Drawing-in device includes inner/outer tube, is easy to mechanization, extensive feeding, feeding direction is not required, feeding side Just, efficiency high;
(5)Striker plate can carry out the adjustment of quantity and installation site according to conditions such as the length of material, form, density, So as to control material feeding speed, optimal crushing effect is reached;
(6)Two oppositely oriented pulverizing chambers, material flies off at a tangent in one-level pulverizing chamber, in the broken room of second patent flour Again speeded up, clashed into the rubbing-rib in the broken chamber interior walls of second patent flour, played more preferable crushing effect;
(7)Bearing block and lubricating oil Hydraulic Station, can provide preferably lubrication and cooling effect for bearing, meet powder of straw Broken machine high load capacity, the requirement for continuously running, extend the service life of bearing;
(8)Inner/outer tube is combined and base hinged structure, is easy to the installation of inner/outer tube combination and the maintenance of pulverizing chamber.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model middle charging aperture;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of two-stage reducing mechanism in the utility model;
1, inner core in figure, 2, outer tube, 3, support base combination, 4, one-level rotating shaft combination, 5, one-level pulverizing chamber, 6, bearing pin, 7, Base, 8, two grades of rotating shafts combination, 9, the broken room of second patent flour, 10, bearing block, 11, lubricating oil Hydraulic Station, 12, two grades of motors, 13, one Level motor, 14, motor, 15, belt pulley assemblies, 16, worm-gear speed reducer, 17, minor sprocket, 18, big sprocket wheel, 19, chain, 20th, material toggling piece, 21, rub reinforcing bar, 22, hammer leaf, 23, striker plate.
Specific embodiment
To make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage become more apparent, develop simultaneously referring to the drawings enforcement Example, further describes to the utility model.
A kind of large-scale vertical stalk crasher, including base 7, drawing-in device, one-level reducing mechanism and second patent flour crushing device, Drawing-in device arranges the top of base 7, and one-level reducing mechanism and second patent flour crushing device are located at drawing-in device lower section, and installed in base On 7.
Drawing-in device includes outer tube 2, the inner core 1 arranged in outer tube 2 and the power unit for driving the rotation of inner core 1, the He of inner core 1 Outer tube 2 is arranged on base 7 after combining by bearing pin 6, and lift cylinders can be arranged between outer tube 2 and base 7, convenient to crushing dress The maintenance put.The material toggling piece 20 arranged according to helix, when inner core 1 rotates, the edge of material toggling piece 20 are disposed with the inwall of inner core 1 Spiral motion, material toggling piece 20 is stirred stalk material and enters charging aperture, and is pressed down against material.The bottom of outer tube 2 is along the circumferential direction It is disposed with multiple support base combinations 3 for supporting with spacing inner core 1.Power unit includes motor 14, worm and gear deceleration 16 With chain sprocket component, motor 14 is arranged on outer tube 2, and worm-gear speed reducer 16 is connected by belt pulley assemblies with motor 14 Connect, chain sprocket component includes the minor sprocket 17 being connected with the output end of worm-gear speed reducer 16, is fixed on the outer wall of inner core 1 The annular link chain 19 of big sprocket wheel 18 and connection minor sprocket 17 and big sprocket wheel 18.
One-level reducing mechanism includes one-level pulverizing chamber 5, the one-level rotating shaft being arranged in one-level pulverizing chamber 5 combination 4 and drives The one-level motor 13 of the rotation of one-level rotating shaft combination 4;Second patent flour crushing device includes the broken room 9 of second patent flour, is arranged in the broken room 9 of second patent flour Two grades of rotating shafts combination 8 and drive two grades of motors 12 of the rotation of two grades of rotating shafts combination 8, in one-level pulverizing chamber 5 and the broken room 9 of second patent flour Multiple rubbing-ribs are arranged with wall;The wherein broken arranged in series of room 9 of one-level pulverizing chamber 5, second patent flour in base 7, one-level rotating shaft 8 rotation directions are combined in combination 4 and two grades of rotating shafts conversely, material is after the crushing of one-level rotating shaft combination 4, along one-level pulverizing chamber The tangential direction of 5 inwalls enters the broken room 9 of second patent flour, due to the rotation direction of two grades of rotating shafts combination 8 combine with one-level rotating shaft 4 conversely, because This material is again speeded up in the broken room 9 of second patent flour, clashes into the rubbing-rib on the broken inwall of room 9 of second patent flour, plays preferably crushing Effect.
Arranged for interval has multiple striker plates 23 on charging aperture, and the Jing of striker plate 23 is bolted to charging aperture, due to not jljl The length of material, form, density are all different, therefore the feeding speed of material can be adjusted by the quantity of adjustment striker plate 23 Degree, reaches optimal crush efficiency.
One-level motor 13 provides power by D type belt pulleys, belt for one-level rotating shaft;Two grades of motors 12 pass through c-type belt Wheel, belt provide power for two grades of rotating shafts.
One-level crushes rotating shaft combination, the broken rotating shaft combination two ends of second patent flour and is provided with the bearing block 10 of bearing, bearing block 10 Connection lubricating oil Hydraulic Station 11.
The principle for carrying out crushed stalk using present aspect is as follows with step:
Stalk is put in inner core 1, motor 14 transmits power to worm and gear and slows down by belt pulley assemblies 15 Machine 16, the output end of worm-gear speed reducer 16 is provided with minor sprocket 17, by the deceleration of worm-gear speed reducer 16 and amplifies torsion Square, minor sprocket 17 drives big sprocket wheel 18 to rotate by chain 19, and big sprocket wheel 18 is welded on the outer wall of inner core 1, final to drive inner core 1 Rotate;
Material in inner core 1 under the promotion of material toggling piece 20, into charging aperture.Material enters one-level through backgauge arm plate 23 Pulverizing chamber 5, one-level motor 13 drives one-level rotating shaft to combine 4 high-speed rotations by belt transmission, installs in one-level rotating shaft combination 4 There is hammer leaf 22, at a high speed the hammer leaf 22 of rotation carries out cutting strike to material, while be provided with the inwall of one-level pulverizing chamber 5 rubbing Reinforcing bar 21, further kneading action is played to material;
Circumferentially tangential direction enters into the broken room 9 of second patent flour to the material crushed through one-level, and two grades of motors 12 pass through skin V belt translation, drives two grades of rotating shafts to combine 8 high-speed rotations, and the rotation direction and one-level rotor shaft direction of two grades of rotating shaft combinations 8 is conversely, energy It is enough that the material that one-level pulverizing chamber 5 is dished out is further speeded up, is cut, hit, with the higher broken inwall of room 9 of speed impacts second patent flour On rub on reinforcing bar 21, it is complete so as to the further crushing of material, finally material be dished out from the broken opening of room 9 of second patent flour Into crushed stalk process.
Above-mentioned specific embodiment is only concrete case of the present utility model, is not to make other forms to the utility model Restriction, any those skilled in the art changed possibly also with the technology contents of the disclosure above or be modified as equivalent The equivalent implementations of change.But on the premise of every know-why without departing from the utility model, according to of the present utility model Any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling that technical spirit is made to embodiment of above, all should fall into of the present utility model Scope of patent protection.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of large-scale vertical stalk crasher, it is characterised in that include:
Base;
Drawing-in device, arranges the inner core in base top, including outer tube, setting outer tube and drives the power unit of inner cylinder rotating;
One-level reducing mechanism, including the one-level pulverizing chamber with charging aperture, is arranged on the one-level rotating shaft combination that one-level crushes interior With the one-level motor for driving one-level rotating shaft combination rotation;With
Second patent flour crushing device, including the broken room of second patent flour, be arranged on the broken indoor two grades of rotating shafts combination of second patent flour and drive two grades to turn Two grades of motors of axle combination rotation;
In base, one-level rotating shaft combination and two grades of rotating shaft combinations are rotated the wherein broken room arranged in series of one-level pulverizing chamber, second patent flour It is in opposite direction.
2. large-scale vertical stalk crasher as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Power unit includes motor, worm and gear Reductor and chain sprocket component, motor is arranged on outer tube, and worm-gear speed reducer is connected by belt pulley assemblies with motor Connect, chain sprocket component includes the minor sprocket being connected with worm-gear speed reducer output end, the big chain being fixed on inner tank theca The annular link chain of wheel and connection minor sprocket and big sprocket wheel.
3. large-scale vertical stalk crasher as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Outer tube bottom is circumferentially disposed many The individual support base for supporting inner core is combined, support base combination concrete structure.
4. large-scale vertical stalk crasher as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is disposed with according to helix on inner core inwall The material toggling piece of arrangement.
5. large-scale vertical stalk crasher as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Arranged for interval has multiple backgauges on charging aperture Plate.
6. large-scale vertical stalk crasher as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:One-level crushing rotating shaft combination, second patent flour are broken Rotating shaft combination two ends are provided with the bearing block of bearing, bearing block connection lubricating oil Hydraulic Station.
7. the large-scale vertical stalk crasher as described in any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that:Set between outer tube and base It is equipped with lift cylinders.
8. the large-scale vertical stalk crasher as described in any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that:One-level pulverizing chamber and two grades Crush and be disposed with multiple rubbing-ribs in chamber interior walls.
CN201621115733.0U 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Large -scale vertical straw rubbing crusher Active CN206118471U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621115733.0U CN206118471U (en) 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Large -scale vertical straw rubbing crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621115733.0U CN206118471U (en) 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Large -scale vertical straw rubbing crusher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206118471U true CN206118471U (en) 2017-04-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621115733.0U Active CN206118471U (en) 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Large -scale vertical straw rubbing crusher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206118471U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106489460A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-15 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Large-scale vertical stalk crasher

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106489460A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-15 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Large-scale vertical stalk crasher

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