CN206113600U - Take out wet type heat pump drying -machine - Google Patents

Take out wet type heat pump drying -machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206113600U
CN206113600U CN201620923624.5U CN201620923624U CN206113600U CN 206113600 U CN206113600 U CN 206113600U CN 201620923624 U CN201620923624 U CN 201620923624U CN 206113600 U CN206113600 U CN 206113600U
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China
Prior art keywords
dehumidifier
outlet
heat
air
vaporising
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CN201620923624.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伟
万士军
黄卫
汪长江
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Hefei Swan Refrigeration Technology Co Ltd
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Hefei Swan Refrigeration Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620923624.5U priority Critical patent/CN206113600U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/52Heat recovery pumps, i.e. heat pump based systems or units able to transfer the thermal energy from one area of the premises or part of the facilities to a different one, improving the overall efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The utility model discloses a take out wet type heat pump drying -machine, including heat reclamation device, take out wet evaporation plant, air door, take out the wet wind machine, add heat compensation device, wind channel to and the compressor heat pump cycle system that constitutes by compressor, condenser, reservoir, drier -filter, throttling element, evaporimeter and vapour and liquid separator, can constitute the inner loop respectively and take out the system of wetting and straight dehumidification system with opening through the air door is closed. The utility model discloses collection heat -pump type, heat recovery, refrigeration dehumidification, as an organic whole with thermal compensation soft breeze door switching function, application scope is wide, has improved the gentle precision that wets of controlling of accuse.

Description

Dehumidifier type heat pump dryer
Technical field
The utility model is related to heat pump drying technical field, specifically a kind of dehumidifier type heat pump dryer.
Background technology
Since time immemorial, the mankind just get used to natural thermal source and gravity-flow ventilation come material drying, completely by natural conditions system About, production capacity is low.As in recent years, the fast development of heat pump techniques occurs in that heat pump dryer, this heat pump dryer Substantially it is identical drying with conventional drying, i.e., by hot-air and by the heat convection between dry material, air heating quilt Dry material and the moisture for making in material(Refer generally to moisture or other volatile liquid components)Vaporization effusion, with wet needed for obtaining The solid material of content.And the main distinction is the drying method difference of damp-heat air.Utilize to air hydrofuge gas during conventional drying Mode reducing indoor(Drying chamber)Relative humidity, this scavenging way, heat loss is very big, according to relevant information, The ventilation heat loss of conventional steam drying is 40% or so.And the operation principle of heat pump dryer be according to inverse Carnot cycle principle, Using a small amount of electric energy, using compressor, working medium is evaporated in evaporimeter after restricting element gaseous state, and absorption air In heat energy, the moisture in air is switched to into water, and gaseous working medium is compressed by the compressor the gas for becoming high temperature, high pressure, so Condenser heat rejection being entered afterwards, dried medium being heated, so continuous circulating-heating can be heated to 40 DEG C~85 dried material ℃.For electric dryer, 3 times of saving energy.
At present, domestic heat pump dryer mainly has three kinds of modes, is 1. incorporated into evaporimeter, condenser and heater etc. In one air channel, principle is the same with dehumidifier, and its heating efficiency is poor, the bad matching of hot and humid lower evaporimeter;2. in heat pump Dryer or indoor separately add hydrofuge air port and fresh wind port, and damp-heat air is in line, and thermal loss is larger, and indoor temperature during hydrofuge Degree fluctuation is larger;3. dehumidification system above is provided with into heat reclamation device, part fresh air preheating energy consumption can be saved, but when the external world Ambient humidity is big, when drying temperature is not high, just cannot effective hydrofuge, simultaneously for there is particular/special requirement(Including environmental requirement)'s More clean and necessary material, the indoor of a relative sealing and circulating.
How to lift the scope of application of heat pump dryer, improve temperature control and control wet precision, reduce domestic heat pump dryer with There is larger gap in world level, be the problem that a lot of of the pendulum in face of us is badly in need of solving.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to solve the deficiency of prior art presence, there is provided a kind of thermal-arrest heat pump heating, heat are returned The dehumidifier type heat pump dryer that receipts, refrigerated dehumidification, heating compensation and air door handoff functionality are integrated.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of dehumidifier type heat pump dryer, it is characterised in that:Include heat reclamation device, dehumidifier vaporising device, air door, take out Wet blower, heating compensation device, air channel, compressor, condenser, reservoir, device for drying and filtering, restricting element, evaporimeter are gentle Liquid/gas separator, described heat reclamation device is arranged on the intersection of the outlet and inlet passage in the air channel, described dehumidifier evaporation dress Put and be separately mounted in the air channel with dehumidifier blower fan, the air inlet in the air channel connects with the first entrance of the heat reclamation device Logical, the first outlet of heat reclamation device connect with the entrance of the dehumidifier vaporising device, the outlet of the dehumidifier vaporising device and The entrance connection of the dehumidifier blower fan, the outlet of the dehumidifier blower fan is connected with the second entrance of the heat reclamation device, described The second outlet of heat reclamation device is connected with the air outlet in the air channel, and described air door is mounted on the dehumidifier evaporation dress The side with the air channel between the dehumidifier blower fan is put, described heating compensation device is arranged on the air outlet in the air channel;
Described compressor, condenser, reservoir, device for drying and filtering, restricting element, evaporimeter and gas-liquid separator pass through Pipeline circulates successively connection, and the outlet of the device for drying and filtering is connected with the entrance of the dehumidifier vaporising device by pipeline, The entrance of the gas-liquid separator is connected with the outlet of the dehumidifier vaporising device by pipeline.
Described dehumidifier type heat pump dryer, it is characterised in that:Described heat reclamation device is returned using board-like sensible heat type heat Receiving apparatus.
Described dehumidifier type heat pump dryer, it is characterised in that:Described dehumidifier vaporising device includes dehumidifier throttling unit Part, dehumidifier evaporimeter, tank and drainage arrangement, wherein at least has dehumidifier evaporimeter and tank to be located in described air channel, described Tank be located at the lower section of the dehumidifier evaporimeter, described drainage arrangement is using U-shaped bend pipe or motor-driven valve.
Described dehumidifier type heat pump dryer, it is characterised in that:Described heating compensation device is using electric heater or combustion Oil heater.
Described dehumidifier type heat pump dryer, it is characterised in that:Described restricting element and dehumidifier restricting element is adopted respectively With electric expansion valve, heating power expansion valve or capillary.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
1st, the utility model adopts two kinds of dehumidification systems, convenient switching to realize easily, with relatively conventional electric dryer For, energy-saving effect is notable.
2nd, the interior circulation dehumidification system that the utility model has, can form a relative confined chamber inner side circulation, and satisfaction has The drying of the material of particular/special requirement so as to more clean or retain more multi-flavour.
3rd, the utility model can be easily produced monoblock type or split type according to principle, to meet different demands.
4th, raw material of the present utility model, component purchase easily, is not difficult to realize.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of dehumidifier type heat pump dryer includes heat reclamation device 1, dehumidifier vaporising device 2, air door 3, takes out Wet blower 4, heating compensation device 5, air channel 6, compressor 7, condenser 8, reservoir 9, device for drying and filtering 10, restricting element 11, Evaporimeter 12 and gas-liquid separator 13, heat reclamation device 1 is arranged on the intersection of the outlet and inlet passage in air channel 5, dehumidifier evaporation dress Put 2 and dehumidifier blower fan 4 be separately mounted in air channel 6, the air inlet in air channel 6(Indoor)With the first entrance of heat reclamation device 1 Connection, the first outlet of heat reclamation device 1 is connected with the entrance of dehumidifier vaporising device 2, the outlet and dehumidifier of dehumidifier vaporising device 2 The entrance connection of blower fan 4, the outlet of dehumidifier blower fan 4 is connected with the second entrance of heat reclamation device 1, and the second of heat reclamation device 1 Outlet and the air outlet in air channel 6(Indoor)Connection, air door 3 is mounted between dehumidifier vaporising device 2 and dehumidifier blower fan 4 The side in air channel 6, heating compensation device 5 is arranged on the air outlet in air channel 6.
Compressor 7, condenser 8, reservoir 9, device for drying and filtering 10, restricting element 11, evaporimeter 12 and gas-liquid separator 13 circulate successively connection by pipeline, constitute compressor heat pump circulating system.The outlet of device for drying and filtering 10 and dehumidifier evaporation dress The entrance for putting 2 is connected by pipeline, and the entrance of gas-liquid separator 13 is connected with the outlet of dehumidifier vaporising device 2 by pipeline Connect, this connected structure is the further improvement to compressor heat pump circulating system and extension, can also be followed compressor heat pump Loop systems separately connect a set of compression mechanism SAPMAC method with dehumidifier vaporising device independence, i.e. dehumidifier vaporising device according to above-mentioned attachment structure System, does not repel with the content that the utility model is protected.
When air door 3 is closed(It is isolated from the outside)When, heat reclamation device 1, dehumidifier vaporising device 2, dehumidifier blower fan 4, plus vulcanize Repay device 5 and air channel 6 and constitute interior circulation dehumidification system, now heat reclamation device 1, dehumidifier vaporising device 2, dehumidifier blower fan 4 and add Thermal compensation device 5 is in running order;When air door 3 is opened(Outlet and inlet is communicated with the external world)When, heat reclamation device 1, air door 3, take out Wet blower 4 and air channel 6 constitute direct dehumidification system, and now heat reclamation device 1 and dehumidifier blower fan 4 are in running order, directly to room Outboard row moisture releasing gas and to indoor supplement fresh air preheating;When air door 3 is cancelled, now interior circulation dehumidification system and compressor heat Pump circulation system is combined and be also capable of achieving dehumidifier and drying, is not repelled with the content that the utility model is protected.
In the utility model, heat reclamation device 1 adopts board-like sensible heat type heat reclamation device, by from the damp and hot sky of indoor Gas carries out Exchange of apparent heat recovery with the cold air or fresh air from dehumidifier vaporising device.
Dehumidifier vaporising device 2 includes dehumidifier restricting element 2.1, dehumidifier evaporimeter 2.2, tank 2.3 and drainage arrangement 2.4, wherein at least has dehumidifier evaporimeter 2.2 and tank 2.3 to be located in air channel 6, and tank 2.3 is located under dehumidifier evaporimeter 2.2 Side, can accept the condensed water produced in dehumidifier evaporimeter 2.2 and air channel 6, and drainage arrangement 2.4 adopts U-shaped bend pipe or motor-driven valve etc. Device is preventing gas blowby.Indoor is detected by temperature and moisture sensors, and realizes the unlatching of dehumidifier vaporising device 2, Damp-heat air is freezed and is dehumidified.
Using electric heater or fuel heater, it throws heat and can control heating compensation device 5, to compensate heat reclamation device Not enough heat after exchange.
Restricting element 11 and dehumidifier restricting element 2.1 are respectively adopted electric expansion valve, heating power expansion valve or capillary, are all The conventional restricting element of refrigeration industry.
The utility model is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Indoor is provided with temperature sensor and humidity sensor, and the dry-bulb temperature T1 and relative humidity H1 of air are detected respectively (Or wet-bulb temperature).The condensation heat that wherein dry-bulb temperature T1 is produced by compressor heat pump circulating system is ensureing.In material drying During, the moisture vaporization effusion in material, so that the relative humidity H1 more and more higher of indoor, when relative humidity H1 reaches It is necessary to taking wet down measure during the permissible value upper limit.The utility model provides two kinds of systems controlling, i.e., interior circulation dehumidification system and Direct dehumidification system.Wherein, the air circulation in interior circulation dehumidification system, is further described below:
Indoor damp-heat air → heat reclamation device → dehumidifier vaporising device → dehumidifier blower fan → heat reclamation device → heating Compensation device → indoor, circulates successively.
For example, dry-bulb temperature T1 in indoor is 60 DEG C, and relative humidity H1 is 30%, opens interior circulation dehumidification system, damp and hot sky Jing after heat reclamation device, dehumidifier vaporising device, dehumidifier blower fan return heat reclamation device, dry-bulb temperature is 55 DEG C to gas, relative humidity After for 30%, then heated compensation device, dry-bulb temperature T2 is controlled to 60 DEG C, then relative humidity H2 is changed into 23.7%, so as to reality Existing dehumidifier function.
The utility model is not excluded for exchanging dehumidifier vaporising device and dehumidifier blower fan, is still capable of achieving above-mentioned circulation.
Air circulation in direct dehumidification system, divides into and out of two-way, is further described below:
A) route:Indoor damp-heat air → heat reclamation device → outside.
B) outlet:Outside fresh air(Fresh air)→ dehumidifier blower fan → heat reclamation device → indoor.
For example, dry-bulb temperature T1 in indoor is 60 DEG C, and relative humidity H1 is 30%, direct dehumidification system is opened, if fresh air dry bulb Temperature is 30 DEG C, and fresh air dry-bulb temperature T2 is preheating to 55 DEG C by relative humidity 60%, then relative humidity H2 is changed into 16.2%, so as to Realize dehumidifier function.
The condensation heat that compressor heat pump circulating system is produced, can be by indoor dry-bulb temperature T1, and platform rises to T3, the usual temperature difference At 8 DEG C~12 DEG C.
The above embodiment is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned reality Mode is applied, for persons skilled in the art, to appointing that it is done on the premise of without departing substantially from the utility model principle What obvious protection domain changed, belong to design of the present utility model and claims.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of dehumidifier type heat pump dryer, it is characterised in that:Include heat reclamation device, dehumidifier vaporising device, air door, dehumidifier Blower fan, heating compensation device, air channel, compressor, condenser, reservoir, device for drying and filtering, restricting element, evaporimeter and gas-liquid Separator, described heat reclamation device is arranged on the intersection of the outlet and inlet passage in the air channel, described dehumidifier vaporising device It is separately mounted in the air channel with dehumidifier blower fan, the air inlet in the air channel connects with the first entrance of the heat reclamation device Logical, the first outlet of heat reclamation device connect with the entrance of the dehumidifier vaporising device, the outlet of the dehumidifier vaporising device and The entrance connection of the dehumidifier blower fan, the outlet of the dehumidifier blower fan is connected with the second entrance of the heat reclamation device, described The second outlet of heat reclamation device is connected with the air outlet in the air channel, and described air door is mounted on the dehumidifier evaporation dress The side with the air channel between the dehumidifier blower fan is put, described heating compensation device is arranged on the air outlet in the air channel;
Described compressor, condenser, reservoir, device for drying and filtering, restricting element, evaporimeter and gas-liquid separator pass through pipeline Circulation connection successively, the outlet of the device for drying and filtering is connected with the entrance of the dehumidifier vaporising device by pipeline, described The entrance of gas-liquid separator is connected with the outlet of the dehumidifier vaporising device by pipeline.
2. dehumidifier type heat pump dryer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described heat reclamation device is using board-like Sensible heat type heat reclamation device.
3. dehumidifier type heat pump dryer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described dehumidifier vaporising device is included Dehumidifier restricting element, dehumidifier evaporimeter, tank and drainage arrangement, wherein at least has dehumidifier evaporimeter and tank to be located at described wind In road, described tank is located at the lower section of the dehumidifier evaporimeter, and described drainage arrangement is using U-shaped bend pipe or motor-driven valve.
4. dehumidifier type heat pump dryer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described heating compensation device is using electricity Heater or fuel heater.
5. the dehumidifier type heat pump dryer according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that:Described restricting element and dehumidifier Restricting element is respectively adopted electric expansion valve, heating power expansion valve or capillary.
CN201620923624.5U 2016-08-23 2016-08-23 Take out wet type heat pump drying -machine Active CN206113600U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620923624.5U CN206113600U (en) 2016-08-23 2016-08-23 Take out wet type heat pump drying -machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620923624.5U CN206113600U (en) 2016-08-23 2016-08-23 Take out wet type heat pump drying -machine

Publications (1)

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CN206113600U true CN206113600U (en) 2017-04-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106152765A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-23 合肥天鹅制冷科技有限公司 Dehumidifier type heat pump dryer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106152765A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-23 合肥天鹅制冷科技有限公司 Dehumidifier type heat pump dryer

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