CN206047855U - One kind carries efficient multistation letter out machine - Google Patents

One kind carries efficient multistation letter out machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206047855U
CN206047855U CN201620799989.1U CN201620799989U CN206047855U CN 206047855 U CN206047855 U CN 206047855U CN 201620799989 U CN201620799989 U CN 201620799989U CN 206047855 U CN206047855 U CN 206047855U
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China
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polishing
synchronous
rotation
shaft
workpiece
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吴宗快
陈基新
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FUJIAN CHANGJIANG INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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FUJIAN CHANGJIANG INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

One kind carries efficient multistation letter out machine, including frame, one polishing mechanism being installed in the frame and the workpiece being arranged in below the polishing mechanism are loaded and synchronous rotary control workbench, the polishing mechanism includes polishing fixed beam and at least two rubbing heads being installed in the polishing fixed beam in arranged for interval, the workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary control workbench includes loading fixed seat, the at least two piece-holder mechanical arms for being rotatably installed on the loading fixed seat top surface and the synchronous drive device for controlling each piece-holder mechanical arm synchronous axial system and synchronous hunting.This utility model can cause each workpiece to be polished in same time and same environment, it is greatly enhanced the polishing concordance of product, the product polishing difference that reduction is caused because of polishing condition deviation, difference with a collection of workpiece polishing effect is reduced to a certain extent can, it is easy to unitized production, the control method is simple simultaneously, easily realizes, can improve the accuracy of product polishing.

Description

One kind carries efficient multistation letter out machine
Technical field
This utility model is related to a kind of polissoir of workpiece, refers in particular to one kind and carries efficient multistation letter out machine.
Background technology
Buffing machine mainly uses surface of the work polishing, and surface of the work can be made more smooth, finer and smoother, increases aesthetic feeling and touch Comfort level, is widely used in Modern Industry Products.For five metals, the polishing mechanical of hot-water heating part product, mainly cotton piece buff is thrown Ray machine, by the way of buffing machine drives cotton piece buff rotation using motor, makes cloth wheel surface contact with surface of the work, so as to complete to throw Photoreduction process, which is simple to operate, easy to use, and manual mode of operation can be adapted to variously-shaped five metals or hot-water heating part product is thrown Light, is widely used in five metals, hot-water heating manufacturing.
Chinese utility model patent(Application number:201020145309.7)Disclose a kind of buffing machine, it include casing and Buff wheel, actuating device, angle-adjusting mechanism and electric control gear in casing, actuating device include motor, synchronizing wheel group And power transmission shaft, synchronizing wheel group is connected on motor output shaft and power transmission shaft, and buff wheel, buff wheel are also associated with power transmission shaft It is connected on angle-adjusting mechanism with actuating device.
Above-mentioned buffing machine is the angle adjustment that wheel is polished using angle-adjusting mechanism, makes buffing machine in use Corresponding buff wheel extension or retraction can be carried out according to the shape of workpiece.Although the suitable of buff wheel can be expanded with upper polishers With scope, but following weak point is also there are during actual use:1st, as a buffing machine is merely able to be directed to One workpiece is processed by shot blasting, thus its work efficiency does not adapt to the needs of large-scale production, is unfavorable for further dropping Low production cost;2nd, easily there is certain deviation on polishing performance because different time is processed between multiple workpiece, especially For same parcel, the polishing effect before and after being easily caused produce significant difference, homogeneity of product is poor, is unfavorable for unifying metaplasia Produce.
Utility model content
This utility model provides one kind and carries efficient multistation letter out machine, and its main purpose is to overcome existing buffing machine The low production efficiency of presence, the defect of homogeneity of product difference.
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model is adopted the following technical scheme that:
One kind puies forward efficient multistation letter out machine, including frame, is also installed on the polishing mechanism in the frame including one And the workpiece being arranged in below the polishing mechanism is loaded and synchronous rotary control workbench, the polishing mechanism includes that polishing is solid Determine beam and at least two rubbing heads being installed in the polishing fixed beam in arranged for interval, the workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotation Turning control workbench includes that loading fixed seat, at least two are rotatably installed on the piece-holder machinery of the loading fixed seat top surface Arm and the synchronous drive device for controlling each piece-holder mechanical arm synchronous axial system and synchronous hunting.
Further, each described piece-holder mechanical arm includes being correspondingly arranged in a corresponding rubbing head working position Put the mechanical arm pedestal of underface, the rotation on the mechanical arm pedestal can be installed on while transverse rotation be carried out around horizontal axis Arm and being arranged on the turning arm and fixed fixture unit being loaded for controlling workpiece, the synchronous drive device includes using The first synchronous driving of longitudinal synchronous axial system is carried out on fixed seat is loaded around vertical axis in each mechanical arm pedestal is controlled Component and the second of synchronous cross rotation is carried out around horizontal axis for controlling each turning arm on its mechanical arm pedestal Synchronous drive component, the described first synchronous drive component include that one first servomotor and first servo motor output shaft connect Connect one first rotation connecting shaft and at least two be connected in this first rotation connecting shaft on and for by this first rotation connect The lateral rotation movement of axle is converted into the first decelerator of level longitudinal direction rotary motion, the outfan correspondence of each the first decelerator Be connected in the bottom of a mechanical arm pedestal, the described second synchronous drive component include one second servomotor and this second The one second rotation connecting shaft and at least two that servo motor output shaft connects is connected on the second rotation connecting shaft and uses In the second decelerator that the lateral rotation movement of the second rotation connecting shaft is converted into level longitudinal direction rotary motion, each turning arm Including arm rotary shaft and the gear unit being installed in the mechanical arm pedestal, the outfan correspondence of each the second decelerator Be connected in the input of a corresponding gear unit, the outfan correspondence of each gear unit be connected in its Corresponding arm rotary shaft.
Further, the described second synchronous drive component is arranged at the underface of the described first synchronous drive component, each The bottom of mechanical arm pedestal is fixedly connected with a rotary sleeve, the outfan of the rotary sleeve and the first decelerator immediately below which Fixing and being driven by it carries out longitudinal rotation, and each gear unit includes one first lateral shaft, a first longitudinal direction axle and one Two cylindrical screw gears, the lower end of first lateral shaft are sequentially passed through after the rotary sleeve, the first decelerator with described The outfan of two decelerators is fixed, and the upper end of first lateral shaft is provided with one first spiral bevel gear, the first longitudinal direction One end of axle is provided with second spiral bevel gear engaged with first spiral bevel gear, the other end of the first longitudinal direction axle Be provided with one first cylindrical screw gear, the second cylindrical screw geared sleeve in the arm rotary shaft, and this The outer peripheral face of two cylindrical screw gears is engaged with the first cylindrical screw gear, the fixture unit include a control cylinder with And a traversing interior axle of the piston rod end of the control cylinder is fixedly installed in, the arm interior of rotating shaft is provided with a use In the axocoel worn for the traversing interior axle, the control cylinder is located at the side of the arm rotary shaft, and thereon described Traversing interior axle is detachably connected with a work piece holder of the arm rotary shaft opposite side through after the arm rotary shaft.
Further, the mechanical arm pedestal in zigzag arrange, the axis of rotation of workpiece clamped by the work piece holder with First lateral shaft, the first decelerator, the second decelerator are on same rotary shaft position.
Further, the rubbing head includes being rotatably installed on polishing support body in polishing fixed beam, rotationally Be installed on the polishing support body polishing revolving part, drive the polishing revolving part carry out high speed rotation polishing motor component and For the polishing swing component for driving the polishing revolving part to be swung back and forth.
Further, the polishing mechanism also is used to control the 3rd synchronization that each polishing support body synchronizes rotation including one Drive component, the described 3rd synchronous drive component include that one the 3rd servomotor and the transmission of the 3rd servo motor output shaft connect Connect one the 3rd rotation connecting shaft and at least two be connected in the 3rd rotation connecting shaft on the 3rd decelerator, each polishing rack Body is rotatably installed on the outfan of the 3rd corresponding decelerator.
Further, the buff wheel that the polishing revolving part includes a polishing assembly and is installed on the polishing assembly, The polishing assembly includes that assembly framework, the polishing rotary shaft being rotatably installed on assembly framework, at least two are used to support The polishing bearing of the polishing rotary shaft and be sheathed in the polishing rotary shaft and for drive which is rotated the Two synchronous pulleys, the polishing motor component include one be fixed on polishing support body on motor and one by the Motor drive and with First synchronous pulley of the second synchronous belt pulley transmission connection, the polishing reciprocating part include that one is installed in the polishing Line slideway and a reciprocating cylinder in support body, the polishing assembly are installed on the sliding seat of the line slideway, The piston rod end of the reciprocating cylinder is fixed with the assembly framework and for driving the polishing assembly along described straight Line guide rail carries out linear reciprocating motion, and one end of the polishing rotary shaft is installed on the second Timing Belt by bearing is polished described in one The side of wheel, the other end of the polishing rotary shaft are installed on the another of second synchronous pulley by another polishing bearing On side, and polish the other end end of rotary shaft stretch out it is described polishing support body after buff wheel described in fit on.
Further, the frame includes two longerons and is connected to the crossbeam on the two longerons top, the side rail inner The guide rail of a pair of lateral arrangements is each provided with, the two ends of the polishing fixed beam are set up on the guide rail of each side rail inner respectively, The crossbeam is provided with elevating mechanism, the elevating mechanism include a lateral arrangement in crossbeam medium position screw mandrel, be combined on this Drive nut, the 4th synchronous pulley being sheathed in the drive nut on screw mandrel, it is installed on crossbeam and for supporting this The bearing part of screw mandrel, a servomotor being installed on crossbeam, the 3rd Timing Belt being connected with the outfan of the servomotor Wheel, the first synchronous pulley of the lifting are connected with the 4th synchronous belt pulley transmission.
Further, also include that the workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary controls before and after workbench is carried out an or left side for controlling The walking mechanism for moving right, the walking mechanism include walking component in front and back and carry out a left side for component of walking before and after controlling this The left and right walking component for moving right, walks on component before and after the workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary control workbench is installed on this.
Further, the polishing mechanism is provided with three/tetra-/five rubbing heads altogether, and the workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotation Turn control workbench and be provided with altogether three/tetra-/five piece-holder mechanical arms, each piece-holder mechanical arm is located at correspondingly The underface of each rubbing head operating position.
Compared to the prior art, the beneficial effect of this utility model generation is:
1st, this utility model simple structure, practical, by arranging supporting at least two workpiece of at least two rubbing heads Clamp mechanical arm to be polished workpiece, can not only so improve the quantity that workpiece is processed in the board unit interval, and In polishing process, the angle of rotation is synchronous to each workpiece, and the dynamics of polishing is also identical, so that each workpiece is same One time and same environment are polished, and are greatly enhanced the polishing concordance of product, and reduction is caused because of polishing condition deviation Product polishing difference, the difference with a collection of workpiece polishing effect can be reduced to a certain extent, be easy to unitized production, while The control method is simple, easily realizes, can improve the accuracy of product polishing.
2nd, in this utility model, controlled by arranging the first synchronous drive component and the second synchronous drive component respectively And turning arm the drives workpiece rotation itself rotated by mechanical arm pedestal, by the rotatable engagement of two kinds of different directions, pole The earth improve workpiece institute energy Spin Control free angle, not only can ensure that workpiece completes 360 degree without dead angle polishing, Polishing quality is improved, and the polishing of irregular workpiece can be suitable for, it is ensured that its quality of finish.
3rd, in this utility model, by the first synchronous drive component and the second synchronous drive component are arranged to upper and lower cloth Put, and by way of rotary sleeve is socketed the first lateral shaft ensure two rotary motions can independent control, Bu Huixiang Mutually affect, and not only simplified structure but also arrangement space can be reduced, advantageously reduce the complexity and working strength of subsequent maintenance.
4th, in this utility model, can be by one-shot forming being carried out as independent benchmark using boring inside mechanical arm pedestal Processing, other accessories are using the mechanical arm pedestal as basis of reference, thus can avoid what many benchmark processing of many parts were present Tolerance stack-up issue, is effectively reduced mechanical spare and accessory parts rigging error, is conducive to improving the stability of board operation and uses the longevity Life.
5th, in this utility model, by the first lateral shaft, a first longitudinal direction axle and one second cylindrical screw gear it Between transmission mating reaction, workpiece rotation position can be caused to be in the first lateral shaft, the first decelerator, the second decelerator On same rotary shaft position, workpiece is so can ensure that in rotary course, be always at rotating at home position, so as to significantly Ground is reduced because occurring unfavorable factor during eccentric rotary, and then can effectively improve the quality of workpiece polishing.
6th, in this utility model, the control cylinder of fixture unit touches card-bit part enforcement screens and moves after promoting traversing interior axle Make, so as to effect of complete clamping workpiece, not only change that clamping structure is simple, operation is rapid, and arm rotary shaft is relatively traversing Interior axle independently rotates, thus which will not be impacted to cylinder in rotary course, so as to pass through cleverly mechanical engagement, it is ensured that The independent operating of each part.
7th, in this utility model, buff wheel can also be swung while high speed rotates, thus can be in phase On the premise of with rotating speed, polishing dynamics and quality are effectively improved, is shortened polishing time, and then had both been improve polishing efficiency, and Product quality can be improved.
8th, in this utility model, polishing assembly is pulled on line slideway by arranging reciprocating cylinder, and is thrown Light rotary shaft can't produce rotary impact power in high-speed rotation to reciprocating cylinder, thus by cleverly machinery Coordinate, it is ensured that the independent operating of buff wheel itself spinning movement and the action that swings.
9th, in this utility model, by arranging the 3rd synchronous drive component, can also enable each polishing rack body same Step rotates a certain angle so that letter out machine of the present utility model can be carried out in X-direction, Y direction and Z-direction together Step is rotated, thus greatly widens the angles and positions of workpiece polishing, it is ensured that the comprehensive space curved surface operation of workpiece.
10th, in this utility model, polishing mechanism can be shifted up and down, and workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary control work Make before and after platform then can be controlled by walking mechanism or move left and right, thus this utility model can be increased and can process workpiece Specification species so as to substantially meet arbitrary shape and the polishing of interior metal casting on a large scale.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of multistation letter out machine in embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of rubbing head in embodiment.
Top views of the Fig. 3 for Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is generalized sections of the Fig. 3 on A-A directions.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of workpiece loading and synchronous rotary control workbench in embodiment.
Generalized sections of the Fig. 6 for Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the cooperation schematic diagram of the second decelerator and piece-holder mechanical arm in embodiment.
Generalized sections of the Fig. 8 for Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the scheme of installation of the 3rd synchronous drive component in embodiment.
Front views of the Figure 10 for Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of elevating mechanism in embodiment.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment of the present utility model is illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.One kind carries efficient multistation letter out machine, including frame 1, is installed in the frame 1 Polishing mechanism 2, the workpiece being arranged in below the polishing mechanism 2 are loaded and synchronous rotary controls workbench 3 and for controlling institute State the walking mechanism 4 that workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary is controlled before and after workbench 3 is carried out or moved left and right, the polishing mechanism 2 Including polishing fixed beam 20 and four rubbing heads 21 being installed in arranged for interval in the polishing fixed beam 20, the workpiece Load and synchronous rotary control workbench 3 includes that loading fixed seat 30, four is rotatably installed on the loading fixed seat 30 and pushes up The piece-holder mechanical arm 31 in face and the synchronous drive for controlling each 31 synchronous axial system of piece-holder mechanical arm and synchronous hunting Dynamic device 32.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.Each described piece-holder mechanical arm 31 includes being correspondingly arranged in a corresponding rubbing head Mechanical arm pedestal 310 immediately below 21, can be installed on carrying out transverse rotation on the mechanical arm pedestal 310 around horizontal axis Turning arm 311 and be arranged on the turning arm 311 and load fixed fixture unit for controlling workpiece, it is described synchronous to drive Dynamic device 32 includes carrying out longitudinal synchronization around vertical axis for controlling each mechanical arm pedestal 310 on fixed seat 30 is loaded The first synchronous drive component 33 for rotating and for controlling each turning arm 311 on its mechanical arm pedestal 310 around trunnion axis Direction carries out the second synchronous drive component 34 of synchronous cross rotation, and the described first synchronous drive component 33 includes one first servo Motor 330, and 330 output shaft of the first servomotor connection one first rotation connecting shaft 331 and four be connected in this On first rotation connecting shaft 331 and for the lateral rotation movement of the first rotation connecting shaft 331 is converted into level longitudinally rotation fortune The first dynamic decelerator 332, the outfan correspondence of each the first decelerator 332 are connected under a mechanical arm pedestal 310 Portion, the second synchronous drive component 34 include one second servomotor 340, and 340 output shaft of the second servomotor connect One second rotation connecting shaft 341 and four be connected in this second rotation connecting shaft 341 on and for by this second rotation connect The lateral rotation movement of axle 341 is converted into the second decelerator 342 of level longitudinal direction rotary motion, and each turning arm 311 includes arm Portion's rotary shaft 318 and the gear unit 314 being installed in the mechanical arm pedestal 310, the output of each the second decelerator 342 End correspondence is connected in the input of a corresponding gear unit 314, and the outfan correspondence of each gear unit 314 is passed It is dynamic to be connected to a corresponding arm rotary shaft 318.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.The second synchronous drive component 34 be arranged at the described first synchronous drive component 33 just under Side, the bottom of each mechanical arm pedestal 310 is fixedly connected with a rotary sleeve 315, the rotary sleeve 315 with its immediately below the The outfan of one speed reducer 332 is fixed and is driven by it carries out longitudinal rotation, and each gear unit 314 includes one first lateral shaft 316th, a first longitudinal direction axle 317 and one second cylindrical screw gear 3181, the lower end of first lateral shaft 316 sequentially passes through Fix with the outfan of second decelerator 342 after the rotary sleeve 315, the first decelerator 332, first lateral shaft 316 upper end is provided with one first spiral bevel gear 3160, and one end of the first longitudinal direction axle 317 is provided with one with first spiral shell Second spiral bevel gear 3170 of the rotation engagement of bevel gear 3160, the other end of the first longitudinal direction axle 317 are provided with one first circle Post helical gear 3171, the second cylindrical screw gear 3181 are sheathed in the arm rotary shaft 318, and second circle The outer peripheral face of post helical gear 3181 is engaged with the first cylindrical screw gear 3171, and the fixture unit includes a control gas Cylinder 312 and be fixedly installed in the control cylinder piston rod end a traversing interior axle 313, in the arm rotary shaft 318 Portion is provided with one for the axocoel that wears for the traversing interior axle 313, and the control cylinder 312 is located at the arm rotary shaft 318 Side, and described traversing interior axle 313 thereon is through after the arm rotary shaft 318, with 318 opposite side of arm rotary shaft A work piece holder be detachably connected.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.The mechanical arm pedestal 310 is in zigzag arrangement, the rotation of workpiece clamped by the work piece holder The rotating shaft heart and the first lateral shaft 316, the first decelerator 332, the second decelerator 342 are on same rotary shaft position.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.The rubbing head 21 includes the polishing support body being rotatably installed in polishing fixed beam 20 210th, the polishing revolving part 211 that is rotatably installed on the polishing support body 210, the polishing revolving part 211 is driven to carry out at a high speed The polishing motor component 212 of rotation and the polishing swing component 213 for driving the polishing revolving part 211 to be swung back and forth.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.The polishing mechanism 2 also synchronizes rotation for controlling each polishing support body 210 including one 3rd synchronous drive component 23, the described 3rd synchronous drive component 23 include one the 3rd servomotor 230, and the 3rd servo electricity One the 3rd rotation connecting shaft 231 that 230 output shaft of machine is connected and four are connected the on the 3rd rotation connecting shaft 231 Three decelerators 232, each polishing support body 210 are rotatably installed on the outfan of the 3rd corresponding decelerator 232.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.The polishing revolving part 211 includes a polishing assembly 25 and is installed on the polishing assembly 25 On buff wheel 26, the polishing polishing that includes assembly framework 250, be rotatably installed on assembly framework 250 of assembly 25 Rotary shaft 214, at least two are used to support the polishing bearing 215 of the polishing rotary shaft 214, and are sheathed on the polishing rotary shaft The second synchronous pulley 216 on 214 and for driving which to be rotated, the polishing motor component 212 include that one is solid Motor 217 and one on polishing support body 210 is driven and is connected with second synchronous pulley 216 transmission by the motor 217 The first synchronous pulley 218 for connecing, the polishing reciprocating part 213 include a straight line being installed in the polishing support body 210 Guide rail 2130 and a reciprocating cylinder 2132, the polishing assembly 25 are installed on the sliding seat of the line slideway 2130 On, the piston rod end of the reciprocating cylinder is fixed with the assembly framework 250 and for driving the polishing assembly 25 Linear reciprocating motion is carried out along the line slideway 2130, one end of the polishing rotary shaft 214 is by polishing bearing described in one 215 sides for being installed on the second synchronous pulley 216, the other end of the polishing rotary shaft 214 is by another polishing bearing 215 are installed on the opposite side of second synchronous pulley 216, and polish the other end end of rotary shaft 214 and stretch out described Buff wheel 26 described in fit on after polishing support body 210.In the present embodiment, buff wheel can for cotton piece buff, nylon wheel, emery wheel or Other wheel shape materials.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.The frame 1 includes two longerons 10 and is connected to the crossbeam 11 on two longerons, 10 top, institute The guide rail 101 that a pair of lateral arrangements are each provided with the inside of longeron 10 is stated, the two ends of the polishing fixed beam 20 are set up in respectively respectively On guide rail 101 on the inside of longeron 10, the crossbeam 11 is provided with elevating mechanism 12, the elevating mechanism 12 include a lateral arrangement in The screw mandrel 120 of 11 medium position of crossbeam, the drive nut 125 being combined on the screw mandrel 120, be arranged with the drive nut 125 The 4th synchronous pulley 121, be installed on crossbeam 11 and for supporting the bearing part 122, of the screw mandrel 120 to be installed on crossbeam The 3rd synchronous pulley 124 of lifting that servomotor 123, on 11 is connected with the outfan of the servomotor 123, the lifting 3rd synchronous pulley 124 is connected with the 4th synchronous pulley 121.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.Above-mentioned multistation letter out machine also including the walking mechanism 4 include before and after walking component 40 with And the left and right walking component 41 moved left and right for component of walking before and after controlling this, the workpiece loading and synchronous rotary control Workbench processed 3 is walked on component 40 before and after being installed on this.
Reference picture 1- Figure 11.The polishing mechanism 2 is provided with four rubbing heads 21 altogether, and the workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotation Turn control workbench 3 and be provided with altogether four piece-holder mechanical arms 31, each piece-holder mechanical arm 31 is located at correspondingly The underface of 21 operating position of each rubbing head.
Compared to the prior art, the beneficial effect of this utility model generation is:
1st, this utility model simple structure, practical, by arranging four rubbing heads, 21 supporting four piece-holder machines Tool arm 31 can not only so improve the quantity that workpiece is processed in the board unit interval, and each work being polished to workpiece In polishing process, the angle of rotation is synchronous to part, and the dynamics of polishing is also identical, so that each workpiece is with for the moment Between and same environment be polished, be greatly enhanced the polishing concordance of product, reduce the product caused because of polishing condition deviation Product polish difference, can reduce the difference with a collection of workpiece polishing effect to a certain extent, are easy to unitized production, while the control Method processed is simple, easily realizes, can improve the accuracy of product polishing.
2nd, in this utility model, by arranging the first synchronous drive component 33 and the second synchronous drive component 34 come respectively And turning arm 311 the drives workpiece rotation itself rotated by control machinery arm seat body 310, by the rotation of two kinds of different directions Turn coordinate, drastically increase workpiece institute energy Spin Control free angle, not only can ensure that workpiece completes 360 degree without dead angle Polishing, improves polishing quality, and can be suitable for the polishing of irregular workpiece, it is ensured that its quality of finish.
3rd, in this utility model, on the first synchronous drive component 33 and the second synchronous drive component 34 are arranged to Lower arrangement, and ensureing that two rotary motions independently can be controlled by way of rotary sleeve 315 is socketed the first lateral shaft 316 System, will not influence each other, and not only simplify structure but also can reduce arrangement space, advantageously reduce the complexity of subsequent maintenance with Working strength.
4th, in this utility model, can be by being carried out once using the 310 inside boring of mechanical arm pedestal as independent benchmark Processing and forming, other accessories are using the mechanical arm pedestal 310 as basis of reference, thus can avoid many benchmark processing of many parts The tolerance stack-up issue of presence, is effectively reduced mechanical spare and accessory parts rigging error, be conducive to improve board operation stability and Service life.
5th, in this utility model, by the first lateral shaft 316, a first longitudinal direction axle 317 and one second cylindrical screw Transmission mating reaction between gear, can cause workpiece rotation position and the first lateral shaft 316, the first decelerator 332, second Decelerator 342 is on same rotary shaft position, so can ensure that workpiece, in rotary course, is always at home position Place's rotation, so as to greatly reduce because occurring unfavorable factor during eccentric rotary, and then can effectively improve workpiece polishing Quality.
6th, in this utility model, the control cylinder of fixture unit touches card-bit part enforcement screens and moves after promoting traversing interior axle Make, so as to effect of complete clamping workpiece, not only change that clamping structure is simple, operation is rapid, and arm rotary shaft is relatively traversing Interior axle independently rotates, thus which will not be impacted to cylinder in rotary course, so as to pass through cleverly mechanical engagement, it is ensured that The independent operating of each part.
7th, in this utility model, buff wheel 26 can also be swung while high speed rotates, thus can be On the premise of same rotational speed, polishing dynamics and quality are effectively improved, are shortened polishing time, and then had both been improve polishing efficiency, Product quality can be improved again.
8th, in this utility model, polishing assembly 25 is pulled by arranging reciprocating cylinder on line slideway, and Polishing rotary shaft 214 can't produce rotary impact power in high-speed rotation to reciprocating cylinder, thus by ingenious Mechanical engagement, it is ensured that the independent operating of itself spinning movement of buff wheel 26 and the action that swings.
9th, in this utility model, by arranging the 3rd synchronous drive component 23, each polishing support body 210 can also be enabled The certain angle of enough synchronous rotaries so that letter out machine of the present utility model can enter in X-direction, Y direction and Z-direction Row synchronous axial system, thus greatly widen the angles and positions of workpiece polishing, it is ensured that the comprehensive space curved surface operation of workpiece.
10th, in this utility model, polishing mechanism 2 can be shifted up and down, and workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary control Workbench 3 can then pass through before and after walking mechanism 4 is controlled or move left and right, thus can increase this utility model and can process The specification species of workpiece so as to substantially meet arbitrary shape and the polishing of interior metal casting on a large scale.
In addition, rubbing head and piece-holder mechanical arm are not limited to only arrange 4 in the present embodiment, can also be 3,5 It is individual or 6.
Specific embodiment of the present utility model is above are only, but design concept of the present utility model is not limited thereto, All changes for carrying out unsubstantiality using this design to this utility model, all should belong to the row for invading this utility model protection domain For.

Claims (9)

1. one kind puies forward efficient multistation letter out machine, including frame, it is characterised in that:Also it is installed in the frame including one Polishing mechanism and the workpiece being arranged in below the polishing mechanism are loaded and synchronous rotary control workbench, the polishing mechanism bag Polishing fixed beam and at least two rubbing heads being installed in the polishing fixed beam in arranged for interval are included, the workpiece is loaded And synchronous rotary control workbench includes that loading fixed seat, at least two are rotatably installed on the workpiece of the loading fixed seat top surface Clamping mechanical arm and the synchronous drive device for controlling each piece-holder mechanical arm synchronous axial system and synchronous hunting, each institute State piece-holder mechanical arm include being correspondingly arranged in mechanical arm pedestal immediately below a corresponding rubbing head operating position, can The turning arm that is installed on carrying out transverse rotation on the mechanical arm pedestal around horizontal axis and it is arranged on the turning arm And fixed fixture unit is loaded for controlling workpiece, the synchronous drive device includes existing for controlling each mechanical arm pedestal Load the first synchronous drive component of longitudinal synchronous axial system is carried out and for controlling each rotation around vertical axis in fixed seat Pivoted arm carries out the second synchronous drive component of synchronous cross rotation on its mechanical arm pedestal around horizontal axis, and described first is same Step drive component includes one first rotation connecting shaft of one first servomotor and first servo motor output shaft connection and extremely Few two are connected on the first rotation connecting shaft and for the lateral rotation movement of the first rotation connecting shaft is converted into water First decelerator of flat longitudinal direction rotary motion, the outfan correspondence of each the first decelerator are connected in a mechanical arm pedestal Bottom, the second synchronous drive component include the one the of one second servomotor and second servo motor output shaft connection Two rotation connecting shafts and at least two be connected in this second rotation connecting shaft on and for by this second rotation connecting shaft it is horizontal Rotary motion is converted into the second decelerator of level longitudinal direction rotary motion, and each turning arm includes arm rotary shaft and is installed on Gear unit in the mechanical arm pedestal, the outfan correspondence of each the second decelerator are connected in a corresponding biography The input of moving cell, the outfan correspondence of each gear unit are connected in a corresponding arm rotary shaft.
2. one kind as claimed in claim 1 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:Described second synchronous driving group Part is arranged at the underface of the described first synchronous drive component, and the bottom of each mechanical arm pedestal is fixedly connected with a rotary shaft The outfan of set, the rotary sleeve and the first decelerator immediately below which is fixed and is driven by it and carries out longitudinal rotation, each biography Moving cell includes one first lateral shaft, a first longitudinal direction axle and one second cylindrical screw gear, under first lateral shaft Hold, described first is horizontal The upper end of axle is provided with one first spiral bevel gear, and one end of the first longitudinal direction axle is provided with one with first spiral bevel gear Second spiral bevel gear of engagement, the other end of the first longitudinal direction axle are provided with one first cylindrical screw gear, and described second Cylindrical screw geared sleeve is in the arm rotary shaft, and the outer peripheral face of the second cylindrical screw gear and the described first circle Post helical gear is engaged, and the fixture unit includes a control cylinder and is fixedly installed in the piston rod end of the control cylinder A traversing interior axle, the arm interior of rotating shaft is provided with one for the axocoel that wears for the traversing interior axle, the control gas Cylinder is located at the side of the arm rotary shaft, and described traversing interior axle thereon is through after the arm rotary shaft, with the arm One work piece holder of rotary shaft opposite side is detachably connected.
3. one kind as claimed in claim 2 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:The mechanical arm pedestal is in Z Font arranges that the axis of rotation of workpiece clamped by the work piece holder is equal with the first lateral shaft, the first decelerator, the second decelerator On same rotary shaft position.
4. one kind as claimed in claim 1 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:The rubbing head includes turning The polishing support body being installed in polishing fixed beam dynamicly, the polishing revolving part being rotatably installed on the polishing support body, driving The polishing revolving part carries out the polishing motor component of high speed rotation and for driving what the polishing revolving part was swung back and forth Polishing swing component.
5. one kind as claimed in claim 4 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:The polishing mechanism also includes One is used to control the 3rd synchronous drive component that each polishing support body synchronizes rotation, and the described 3rd synchronous drive component includes one One the 3rd rotation connecting shaft and at least two transmissions that 3rd servomotor and the 3rd servo motor output shaft are connected connects The 3rd decelerator on the 3rd rotation connecting shaft is connected to, each polishing support body is rotatably installed on the 3rd corresponding decelerator Outfan.
6. one kind as claimed in claim 4 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:The polishing revolving part includes One polishing assembly and the buff wheel being installed on the polishing assembly, the polishing assembly include assembly framework, rotationally pacify It is used to support the polishing bearing of the polishing rotary shaft loaded on the polishing rotary shaft on assembly framework, at least two and is sheathed on this In polishing rotary shaft and the second synchronous pulley for driving which to be rotated, the polishing motor component includes that one is solid It is by the Motor drive and synchronous with the first of second synchronous belt pulley transmission connection due to the motor polished on support body and one Belt wheel, the polishing reciprocating part include a line slideway being installed in the polishing rack body and a reciprocating motion gas Cylinder, the polishing assembly are installed on the sliding seat of the line slideway, the piston rod end of the reciprocating cylinder and institute State assembly framework to fix and for driving the polishing assembly to carry out linear reciprocating motion, the polishing rotation along the line slideway One end of rotating shaft is led to by the side that bearing is installed on the second synchronous pulley, the other end of the polishing rotary shaft are polished described in one Cross another polishing bearing to be installed on the opposite side of second synchronous pulley, and polish the other end end of rotary shaft Stretch out buff wheel described in fit on after the polishing support body.
7. one kind as claimed in claim 1 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:The frame includes two longerons And the crossbeam on the two longerons top is connected to, the side rail inner is each provided with the guide rail of a pair of lateral arrangements, the polishing The two ends of fixed beam are set up on the guide rail of each side rail inner respectively, and the crossbeam is provided with elevating mechanism, the elevating mechanism bag Include a lateral arrangement in the screw mandrel of crossbeam medium position, the drive nut being combined on the screw mandrel, be sheathed in the drive nut The 4th synchronous pulley, be installed on crossbeam and for support the bearing part of the screw mandrel, one be installed on crossbeam servo electricity The 3rd synchronous pulley that machine, one are connected with the outfan of the servomotor, the first synchronous pulley of the lifting are same with the described 4th Step belt wheel transmission connection.
8. one kind as claimed in claim 1 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:Also include described for controlling The walking mechanism that workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary is controlled before and after workbench is carried out or moved left and right, before the walking mechanism includes Walk afterwards component and the left and right walking component moved left and right for the component that controls to walk before and after this, the workpiece load and Synchronous rotary control workbench is walked on component before and after being installed on this.
9. one kind as claimed in claim 1 carries efficient multistation letter out machine, it is characterised in that:The polishing mechanism is set altogether Three/tetra-/five rubbing heads are equipped with, the workpiece is loaded and synchronous rotary control workbench is provided with three/tetra-/five workpiece altogether Clamping mechanical arm, each piece-holder mechanical arm is correspondingly positioned at the underface of each rubbing head operating position.
CN201620799989.1U 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 One kind carries efficient multistation letter out machine Active CN206047855U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106064342A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-02 福建长江工业有限公司 One carries high efficiency multistation letter out machine
CN107855895A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-03-30 湖南宇晶机器股份有限公司 A kind of multistation sweeps side machine
CN109590876A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-04-09 厦门嘉泓裕日用品有限公司 A kind of multistation polishing machine
CN111390740A (en) * 2020-04-16 2020-07-10 安徽金诚复合材料有限公司 Surface polishing device for vehicle front cover

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106064342A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-02 福建长江工业有限公司 One carries high efficiency multistation letter out machine
CN107855895A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-03-30 湖南宇晶机器股份有限公司 A kind of multistation sweeps side machine
CN109590876A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-04-09 厦门嘉泓裕日用品有限公司 A kind of multistation polishing machine
CN109590876B (en) * 2018-11-20 2020-05-29 厦门嘉泓裕日用品有限公司 Multi-station polishing machine
CN111390740A (en) * 2020-04-16 2020-07-10 安徽金诚复合材料有限公司 Surface polishing device for vehicle front cover

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