CN2060413U - Semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for automotive vehicle - Google Patents

Semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for automotive vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2060413U
CN2060413U CN 89213080 CN89213080U CN2060413U CN 2060413 U CN2060413 U CN 2060413U CN 89213080 CN89213080 CN 89213080 CN 89213080 U CN89213080 U CN 89213080U CN 2060413 U CN2060413 U CN 2060413U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
brush
vehicle
water
utility
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN 89213080
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李敬德
肖家煌
张松
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MECHANIAL RESEARCH AND DESIGN INSTITUTE SICHUAN
Original Assignee
MECHANIAL RESEARCH AND DESIGN INSTITUTE SICHUAN
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by MECHANIAL RESEARCH AND DESIGN INSTITUTE SICHUAN filed Critical MECHANIAL RESEARCH AND DESIGN INSTITUTE SICHUAN
Priority to CN 89213080 priority Critical patent/CN2060413U/en
Publication of CN2060413U publication Critical patent/CN2060413U/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for a motor vehicle, belonging to an environmental protection apparatus. The utility model is suitable for cleaning four-wheel motor vehicles with various specifications, and the four-wheel motor vehicles are provided with sealed operator cabins. The utility model is provided with a scrubbing machine for scrubbing a vehicle body and is provided with an artificial fur type brush roll and a rotary brush arm device with fixing torque. After the vehicle is positioned, an automobile chassis is washed through the reciprocating wobble of a plurality of groups of controllable high pressure water supplying oscillating nozzles with a pipe network, and the oscillating bearing of each oscillating nozzle is a water lubricated bearing. The facilities above guarantees that the utility model can meet the cleaning requirements of various types of vehicles. The utility model has the advantages of optimum cleaning effect, reliable use, convenient maintenance, low cost, water saving, reduced energy consumption, reduced flameout fault, and increased utilization ratio. In addition, water supply can be controlled to open and close according to the length of the vehicle body, and the vehicle is washed after positioned.

Description

Semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for automotive vehicle
The present invention is a kind of semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatus, belongs to environmental protection equipment.All have the four-wheeled vehicle (comprising car, este wagon, microvan, the little visitor of bus, the little goods of bulk production and all kinds of special-use vehicle) of salable operator's compartment no matter the specification size all can go up this equipment cleaning.This equipment is used for that city, people from big and medium-sized cities and the place of passing by, road transport, city are handed over altogether, Mechanical Help industry, railway locomotive, passenger vehicle etc. are daily keeps a public place clean and commercial carwash service industry.
At present, in the self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatus of domestic employing, scrub with washing equipment in only adopt a kind ofly, do not have both to possess simultaneously, so cleaning performance is not good.Scrubbing unit all adopts brush arm to fix basically or adds regulating mechanism on the other hand, can not adapt to the needs that many kinds vehicle is scrubbed.The flushing of high pressure water static jet is adopted in chassis flushing, and it is many and the close flushing surface that just can make covers whole chassis that its requires to install nozzle, causes the unit time water consumption big; And way of supplying water adopts central water supply, and short vehicle flushing was both wasted water, and has increased water treatment burden, investment and occupation of land again.External indivedual producer has adopted the swing flushing, but pendulum bearing adopts oil lubrication, and its complex structure, sealing difficulty, materials are many, cost is high.
The objective of the invention is to overcome the drawback of existing self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatus, a kind of cleaning performance the best is provided, can satisfy the requirement that many kinds vehicle cleans, and reliable in structure, easy to maintenance, small investment, the optimization semiautomatic loading mechanism motor-car cleaning apparatus that usage charges are cheap.
The objective of the invention is to realize in the following way:
This cleaning apparatus is provided with the equipment of scrubbing and washing equipment simultaneously, and correspondingly actuating device, control detection device with supporting, be connected, fixed sturcture.The equipment of scrubbing is loaded on wash rack front end left and right sides, is a kind of scrubbing unit that is used to scrub vehicle body, and it has rotating upper and lower brush arm, and it is fixed in axis, and by rope sheave, steel rope, the guide wheel permanent torquer of formation that links to each other with weighting distribution wheel.The scrubbing unit brush roll is made up of brush line and brushroll axle, connects between the two to adopt the brush line to be fixed in the rubber plate hole, with antirust larynx hoop rubber plate is wrapped up on brushroll axle again, has constituted the connection structure that is referred to as " artificial fur " formula that easily changes.Brush roll is contained on the brush arm; And the scrubbing unit water jet standpipe is positioned at, and the brush next to axis links to each other with brush arm and rotation thereupon.Washing equipment is loaded on the wash rack rear end, adopt high pressure water reciprocally swinging flushing mechanism, be about to oscillating nozzle and swing rocking arm and be fixed on the high pressure swing water jet standpipe, it is with after the axle pivot links to each other, with an end bearing in pendulum bearing, the other end is supported on another antifriction-bearing box, then with this overall fixed under steelframe, be provided with many, form many networkings pipe, and the control of installing high-pressure solenoid valve opens and closes on every group, and the center is provided with a long high pressure swing water jet standpipe under the steelframe.It is that rubber, nylon, plastics all can that pendulum bearing adopts water lubricated bearing, material.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
The semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatus of Fig. 1 arrangement plan.
Fig. 2 scrubbing unit constructional drawing.
Brush roll connection structure in Fig. 3 prior art.
Fig. 4 brush roll connection structure of the present invention.
K portion enlarged drawing among Fig. 5 figure four.
The single swing water jet standpipe component drawings of Fig. 6 band oscillating nozzle, pendulum bearing.
Fig. 7 chassis high pressure water webmaster swing flushing arrangement.
B-B cutaway view among Fig. 8 Fig. 7.
See Fig. 1, vehicle sails the service rack front end into by right slope and scrubs platform [ 1 ] automatic checkout equipment sender control scrubbing unit [ I ] startup operation (open and scrub water, brush roll [ 2 ] rotation), vehicle at the uniform velocity travels along scrubbing platform [ 1 ] center line [ 00 ] with specified speed, in advancing through six scrubbing units (headstock, left vehicle body, the left tailstock promptly; Right side headstock, right vehicle body, the right tailstock) vehicle body is scrubbed clean.After railway carriage disengagement scrubbing unit enters chassis, service rack rear end scouring table [ 3 ], after this moment, brush roll was got back to original position, the SELF CL scrubbing unit.Scrubbing unit brush arm [ 4 ], [ 5 ] can freely be rotated, to adapt to different the scrubbing of various vehicle width size.The chassis flushing serves as that the location benchmark stops in the terminal assigned position location of chassis scouring table [ 3 ] with the headstock bumper/spoiler, starts chassis high-pressure water pipe swing flushing arrangement [ II ] then and positions regularly flushing.Flush time is by the timing controller self-timing.The chassis has been washed, and sprays the side spray high pressure water cleaning roof of [ III ] and below, headstock Windshield, wheel both sides, railway carriage shirt rim by the top that the car top is provided with.By the staff some dead angle of not cleaning is mended at last and wash the back clearance.
See Fig. 2, brush roll [ 2 ] is contained on upper and lower brush arm [ 4 ], [ 5 ], by actuating device [ 6 ] driven rotary.Water jet standpipe [ 12 ] is positioned at brush roll [ 2 ] side and is supported on brush arm [ 4 ], [ 5 ], and can be in company with rotation, and by the solenoid control output.Upper and lower brush arm [ 4 ], [ 5 ] are fixed on the axis [ 11 ], and rope sheave [ 7 ] is equipped with in the top, and steel rope [ 9 ] one ends are fixed in rope sheave, and the other end links to each other with counter-balanced carriage [ 10 ] through guide wheel [ 8 ].Brush roll [ 2 ] is represented with two-dot chain line and Amin by the position (claiming original position here) of scrubbing the adjustment of car minimum width dimension, when the railway carriages of all kinds of different sizes through out-of-date, brush arm [ 4 ], [ 5 ] can freely be squeezed out by railway carriage at this moment, until reaching the position of realizing the Bmax mark.At this moment, brush arm rotating band running rope wheel [ 7 ] rotates, thereby mentions counter-balanced carriage [ 10 ].After car passed through brush roll [ 2 ], counter-balanced carriage [ 10 ] decline was oppositely ordered about brush arm and is got back to original position.This permanent torquer changes by counterweight and to scrub pressure.
See Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, the brush roll structure of domestic prior art adopts brushroll axle [ 13 ] to do into two at last boring stationary brush line [ 14 ], and its shortcoming is that replacing is brushed line [ 14 ] and must be pulled down whole brushroll axle [ 13 ].The present invention adopts brush line [ 18 ] to be fixed in earlier in rubber plate [ 16 ] hole, uses antirust larynx hoop [ 17 ] wrapping again on brushroll axle [ 14 ].
See Fig. 6, high pressure swing water jet standpipe [ 25 ] two ends link to each other and are supported on two bearings [ 21 ], [ 28 ] with axle pivot [ 23 ], [ 27 ] with flange, and left end is the pendulum bearing [ 21 ] of water inlet, adopts water lubricated bearing; Right-hand member is antifriction-bearing box [ 28 ], and high pressure water enters pendulum bearing [ 21 ] by the female pipe [ 19 ] that supplies water through 90 elbows [ 20 ], enters swing water jet standpipe [ 25 ] by hollow shaft [ 23 ].Oscillating nozzle [ 26 ] is welded on pipe, and swing rocking arm [ 24 ] is fixed on water jet standpipe [ 25 ] cylindrical with bolt clip, drives swing rocking arm [ 24 ] reciprocally swinging by actuating device, makes oscillating nozzle [ 26 ] realize strafing flushing.
See Fig. 7, Fig. 8, with the single swing water jet standpipe group shown among Fig. 6 again through two bearing fixing under steelframe [ 22 ], as Fig. 8.Be provided with many again, form four groups of pipe networks [ 30 ], [ 31 ], [ 34 ], [ 36 ], control by four high-pressure solenoid valve [ 29 ], [ 32 ], [ 35 ], [ 37 ] respectively.It can be according to the vehicle body length unlatching of control tube group respectively of carwash object.It is to be used for washing chassis ridgepole inboard and transmission shaft that a long swing water jet standpipe [ 33 ] is set under the steelframe [ 22 ].The hunting frequency of chassis swing flushing and swinging arc size are by the actuating device adjusting control.
Advantage of the present invention and techno-economic effect are as follows:
The mode that this semi-automatic car washing installation adopts vehicle body to scrub the chassis flushing has guaranteed that vehicle body washes out the lacquer painting true qualities, adhesion earth is removed clean at the bottom of the car, most advanced rational technology, and scrubbing unit arranges permanent torquer, maintenance brush line that can be constant is to the pressure of scrubbing of vehicle lacquer painting, and the width of reason vehicle body does not change and to cause and scrub pressure change, causes damaging lacquer painting. The water under high pressure reciprocally swinging flushing of controlled many networkings pipe has been adopted on the chassis, and above-mentioned facility has guaranteed that all this equipment can satisfy requirement and cleaning performance the best that many kinds vehicle cleans. Supplying water and press vehicle body length control unlatching in the chassis, reaches using water wisely, cuts down the consumption of energy, and reduces water treatment investment and floor space. Brush roll adopts " artificial fur " structure. Change conveniently; Oscillation bearing adopts water lubrication, and it is simple in structure, and is cheap, uses reliable. The vehicle location flushing is adopted on the chassis, and the position that can accurately grasp automobile engine is arranging initiatively to have avoided automobile distributor controlled igniter zone on the oscillating nozzle jet direction, and reducing flame-out fault, greatly improves the utilization rate of car washing installation, overcomes traffic jam. This cleaning equipment benefit enters the city by certain on-highway motor vehicle and cleans the field, and scale is described for the example of 3500 of day carwash. This, flushed zone mud reached M more than 10 every day3The urban dust is polluted be greatly improved, social benefit is remarkable. If the implementation paid service, every day, operating income was more than 10,000 yuan, and cost only about 2000 yuan, can all be recouped capital outlay in 2~3 years.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatus, by scrub equipment, washing equipment, actuating device, control detection device and supporting, connection, fixed sturcture is formed, be characterized in: (a) scrub apparatus at service rack front end left and right sides, adopt rotating decide moment of torsion brush arm [4], [5], brush roll [2] and automatic sprinkler [12] formation scrubbing unit [I].(b) washing equipment is arranged on the service rack rear end, adopts high pressure water pipe network swing flushing arrangement [II].
2, by the described semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatus of claim 1, the rotatable upper and lower brush arm [ 4 ], [ 5 ] that it is characterized in that scrubbing unit [ I ] are fixed on the axis [ 11 ], and decide torquer by rope sheave [ 7 ], steel rope [ 9 ], guide wheel [ 8 ] formation that links to each other with weighting distribution wheel [ 10 ]; Brush roll [ 2 ] is contained on brush arm [ 4 ], [ 5 ]; Water jet standpipe [ 12 ] is positioned at brush roll [ 2 ] side, and is supported on the brush arm.
3, by claim 1,2 described semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatuss, it is characterized in that brush roll [ 2 ] is to be fixed in rubber plate [ 16 ] hole with brush line [ 18 ], use again antirust larynx hoop [ 17 ] with rubber plate [ 16 ] wrapping on brushroll axle [ 15 ] and constitute.
4, by the described semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatus of claim 1, it is characterized in that the following formation of high pressure water pipe network swing flushing arrangement [ II ]: oscillating nozzle [ 26 ] and swing rocking arm [ 24 ] are set are fixed on the swing water jet standpipe [ 25 ], with its two ends and axle pivot [ 23 ], [ 27 ] link to each other, one end bearing is on pendulum bearing [ 21 ], the other end is supported on the antifriction-bearing box [ 28 ], then with this overall fixed under steelframe [ 22 ], arrange many, form multi units tube net [ 30 ], [ 31 ], [ 34 ], and correspondingly high pressure electromagnetism water valve [ 29 ] is set [ 36 ],, [ 32 ], [ 35 ], [ 37 ] control.Steelframe [ 22 ] center down is provided with a long high pressure swing water jet standpipe [ 33 ].
5,, it is characterized in that pendulum bearing [ 21 ] adopts water lubricated bearing, can select rubber or nylon or plastic bearing for use by claim 1,4 described semi-automatic self-propelled vehicle cleaning apparatuss.
CN 89213080 1989-07-19 1989-07-19 Semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for automotive vehicle Withdrawn CN2060413U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 89213080 CN2060413U (en) 1989-07-19 1989-07-19 Semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for automotive vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 89213080 CN2060413U (en) 1989-07-19 1989-07-19 Semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for automotive vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2060413U true CN2060413U (en) 1990-08-15

Family

ID=4869131

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 89213080 Withdrawn CN2060413U (en) 1989-07-19 1989-07-19 Semi-automatic cleaning apparatus for automotive vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2060413U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106132803A (en) * 2014-03-28 2016-11-16 西门子公司 For processing the method for the driving on the railway network and there is the railway network of train attending device
CN109760648A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-05-17 烟台工程职业技术学院(烟台市技师学院) Planer-type car washing machine
CN111891078A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-06 苏州上建杭鑫混凝土有限公司 Automatic car washing platform of concrete mixer

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106132803A (en) * 2014-03-28 2016-11-16 西门子公司 For processing the method for the driving on the railway network and there is the railway network of train attending device
CN106132803B (en) * 2014-03-28 2018-08-10 西门子公司 Method for handling the driving on the railway network and the railway network with train maintenance device
CN109760648A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-05-17 烟台工程职业技术学院(烟台市技师学院) Planer-type car washing machine
CN109760648B (en) * 2019-03-01 2020-05-26 烟台工程职业技术学院(烟台市技师学院) Gantry type automobile cleaning machine
CN111891078A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-06 苏州上建杭鑫混凝土有限公司 Automatic car washing platform of concrete mixer

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