CN206034369U - Gravity type wharf structure on mucky soil base - Google Patents

Gravity type wharf structure on mucky soil base Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206034369U
CN206034369U CN201620494198.8U CN201620494198U CN206034369U CN 206034369 U CN206034369 U CN 206034369U CN 201620494198 U CN201620494198 U CN 201620494198U CN 206034369 U CN206034369 U CN 206034369U
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China
Prior art keywords
hollow square
hollow
bed
muddy bottoms
block
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CN201620494198.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓宏彦
曲厚东
胡曦光
阚卫明
刘学武
孙淑娟
张超
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TIANJIN PORT ENGINEERING DESIGN&CONSULTING Co Ltd OF CCCC FIRST HARBOR ENGINEERING Co Ltd
CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
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TIANJIN PORT ENGINEERING DESIGN&CONSULTING Co Ltd OF CCCC FIRST HARBOR ENGINEERING Co Ltd
CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd
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Application filed by TIANJIN PORT ENGINEERING DESIGN&CONSULTING Co Ltd OF CCCC FIRST HARBOR ENGINEERING Co Ltd, CCCC First Harbor Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN PORT ENGINEERING DESIGN&CONSULTING Co Ltd OF CCCC FIRST HARBOR ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201620494198.8U priority Critical patent/CN206034369U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters

Abstract

The utility model provides a gravity type wharf structure on mucky soil base, its characteristics are: including silt soil layer, flexible stake, piece ground mass bed, reinforced concrete, hollow square, pier breastwork, the piece stone arris body, silt soil layer is the top layer of sea bed or the soil layer that the bearing capacity is low that the shallow layer covered, flexible stake is beaten and is located the sea bed and pierce through silt soil layer, piece ground mass bed is jackstone in excavation back silt soil layer and flexible pile bolck, reinforced concrete install in piece ground mass bed, hollow square install in reinforced concrete is last, the pier breastwork for cast in situ concrete or prefabricated install in hollow square top, piece stone arris body jackstone in hollow square, hollow square and pier breastwork rear, overall structure that each part formed supplies that boats and ships are berthhed, goods handling's usefulness. Effectual reduction wharf structure width, foundation stabilization width, to the requirement of foundation bearing capacity, the construction of being convenient for, the cost is low.

Description

Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix
Technical field
The present invention relates in the Gravity harf structure in harbour, coastal engineering, more particularly to a kind of Muddy Bottoms soil matrix Gravity harf structure.
Background technology
Muddy Bottoms soil matrix builds harbour than the more difficulties of other geological conditions situations, employing due to its low bearing capacity Structure have pile foundation wharfs and Gravity harf structure.Wherein gravity type quay has a good endurance, and shock resistance is strong, to ground lotus The advantages of carrying strong adaptability, be easy to transformation, thus be widely adopted.But it is big to work as load above Gravity harf structure, mud During matter soil matrix Lack of support, leaning forward easily occurs in harbour, differential settlement, even overall collapse.Generally require muck soil Layer is excavated, and the storage of a large amount of mud produces some environmental problems again, or carries out consolidation process on a large scale, gravity type quay to ground Structure width is larger, increases difficulty of construction and cost, and the duration is longer.Therefore, in prior art:Below harbour, Muddy Bottoms soil matrix enters Row is excavated on a large scale, and the production of back-up land, excavation, throwing mud can be affected to produce some environmental problems;Big model is carried out to ground The basement process for enclosing, is not easy to construction, and construction costs is high, long in time limit.
The content of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:A kind of Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix is provided, In solving prior art, silt soil strata wants heavy excavation, affects the normal production of back-up land, waste silt to produce environmental issue, Or silt soil strata is reinforced on a large scale, dock structure width is big, and difficulty of construction is larger, long in time limit, the high problem of cost; Realize economic, safety, easy working dock structure.
The utility model provide technical scheme be:A kind of Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix, its feature exist In, including:Silt soil strata, flexible pile, block ground mass bed, armoured concrete slab, hollow square, wharf shoulder, block stone rib body;Institute The soil layer of the top layer that silt soil strata is sea bed or the low bearing capacity that shallow-layer is covered is stated, the flexible pile is piled at sea bed and penetrates The silt soil strata, described piece of ground mass bed are the described silt soil strata after excavation of jackstone and flexible stake top, the reinforcing bar Concrete slab is installed on described piece of ground mass bed, and the hollow square is installed on the armoured concrete slab, the harbour chest Wall be cast-in-place concrete or it is prefabricated be installed on above the hollow square, described block of stone rib body jackstone in hollow square, it is hollow Square and wharf shoulder rear, the overall structure that each several part is formed.
Improvement to above-mentioned technical proposal:The flexible pile has multiple rows of, and transverse and longitudinal has certain distance, and the flexible pile is broken Stone mar, sand pile or major diameter substitution block stone mar.
Further improvement to above-mentioned technical proposal:The armoured concrete slab is that unitary solid or local are hollow, and compared with The bottom width of the hollow square is big.
Further improvement to above-mentioned technical proposal:Described piece of ground mass bed is backed down in the silt soil strata, flexible pile After digging foundation trench, jackstone is formed.
Further improvement to above-mentioned technical proposal:The hollow square is hollow concrete prefabricated block, above-mentioned sky In heart square and rear backfill block stone rib body.
Further improvement to above-mentioned technical proposal:The wharf shoulder is cast-in-place coagulation at the top of above-mentioned hollow square Soil or the prefabricated components installed, the bottom width of the wharf shoulder are bigger than the hollow square top width.
The utility model is had the advantage that and good effect compared with prior art:
The Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix that the utility model is provided, by the muck soil to low bearing capacity Layer sets flexible pile and carries out foundation stabilization, improves bearing capacity, arranges armoured concrete slab, hollow square, off-load on block ground mass bed The wharf shoulder of formula, reduces arranging block stone rib in bedding top and the active force of ground, hollow square and rear, wharf shoulder Body, forms overall Gravity harf structure, effectively reduces dock structure width, foundation stabilization width, to foundation bearing capacity Requirement, be easy to construction, low cost.
Description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment Or accompanying drawing to be used is briefly described needed for description of the prior art, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are these Some embodiments of utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, Can be with according to these other accompanying drawings of accompanying drawings acquisition.
Fig. 1 is the harbour cross-sectional view of the Gravity harf structure embodiment on the utility model Muddy Bottoms soil matrix;
Fig. 2 is the flexible arrangement of pile foundation figure of the Gravity harf structure embodiment on the utility model Muddy Bottoms soil matrix;
Fig. 3 is the reinforced concrete slab structure of the Gravity harf structure embodiment on the utility model Muddy Bottoms soil matrix Figure.
Specific embodiment
It is for making purpose, technical scheme and the advantage of the utility model embodiment clearer, new below in conjunction with this practicality Accompanying drawing in type embodiment, is clearly and completely described to the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, it is clear that retouched The embodiment stated is a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than the embodiment of whole.Based on the enforcement in the utility model Example, all other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made are belonged to The scope of the utility model protection.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the embodiment of the Gravity harf structure on a kind of Muddy Bottoms soil matrix of the utility model, including: Silt soil strata 1, flexible pile 2, block ground mass bed 3, armoured concrete slab 4, hollow square 5, wharf shoulder 6, block stone rib body 7;Its Soil layer of the middle silt soil strata 1 for the low bearing capacity on the top layer or shallow-layer covering of sea bed, flexible pile 2 are piled at sea bed and penetrate silt Shale soil layer 1, block ground mass bed 3 are jackstone at the top of the silt soil strata 1 and flexible pile 2 after excavation, and armoured concrete slab 4 is installed On block ground mass bed 3, hollow square 5 is installed on armoured concrete slab 4, and wharf shoulder 6 is cast-in-place concrete or prefabricated installation Above hollow square 5,7 jackstone of block stone rib body is in hollow square 5, the rear of hollow square 5 and wharf shoulder 6, each several part The overall structure of formation.
Specifically, the Gravity harf structure on the present embodiment Muddy Bottoms soil matrix, in the silt soil strata 1 of low bearing capacity In sea bed, multiple rows of flexible pile 2 at regular intervals is set, and block ground mass bed 3 is set at the top of excavating, constitute compound ground base Plinth, increased foundation bearing capacity;Armoured concrete slab 4 is set on block ground mass bed 3, and hollow square 5 is installed in top, and cast-in-place Concrete or prefabricated fitting-out quay breastwork 6, rear cast block stone rib body 7, form overall harbour wall body structure, reduce to block Ground mass bed 3 pushes up the pressure with composite foundation base below;Stable, the safety of dock structure is ensure that in terms of upper and lower two, also It is easy to construction, reduces cost.Specifically, multiple rows of flexible pile 2 is set in silt soil strata 1, and there is certain distance horizontal, longitudinal direction, main Form is wanted to be broken stone pile, sand pile, major diameter substitution block stone mar;Armoured concrete slab 4 is that unitary solid or local are hollow, more hollow The bottom width of square 5 is big;Hollow square 5 is hollow concrete prefabricated block, and in hollow square 5 and rear backfills block stone rib body 7; Wharf shoulder 6 is the prefabricated components of cast-in-place concrete at the top of hollow square 5 or installation, and bottom width is bigger than 5 top width of hollow square, For discharging type.Block ground mass bed 3 is that jackstone is formed after the silt soil strata 1, flexible pile 2 back down digging foundation trench.
The Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix that the utility model is provided, it is soft by setting in silt soil strata Property stake improve foundation bearing capacity, on block ground mass bed arrange armoured concrete slab improve block ground mass bed top stress distribution, and Wharf shoulder 6 with hollow square 5, discharging type, the composition top dock structure of block stone rib body 7, reduce the pressure to ground.This knot Structure good stability, it is not necessary to heavy excavation, outer throwing mud, does not affect the normal operation of harbour back-up land, convenient to carry out and cost Low, using effect is good.
Finally it should be noted that:Above example only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than a limitation; Although being described in detail to the utility model with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that: Which still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or which part technical characteristic is carried out etc. With replacement;And these modifications or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from each embodiment technology of the utility model The spirit and scope of scheme.The utility model designs certain engineering construction in Jiaozhou Bay of Qingdao first by applicant, obtains good Effect.

Claims (7)

1. the Gravity harf structure on a kind of Muddy Bottoms soil matrix, it is characterised in that include:Silt soil strata, flexible pile, block stone Bedding, armoured concrete slab, hollow square, wharf shoulder, block stone rib body;Top layer or shallow-layer of the silt soil strata for sea bed The soil layer of the low bearing capacity of covering, the flexible pile are piled at sea bed and penetrate the silt soil strata, and described piece of ground mass bed is The described silt soil strata after excavation of jackstone and flexible stake top, the armoured concrete slab are installed on described piece of ground mass bed, The hollow square is installed on the armoured concrete slab, the wharf shoulder be cast-in-place concrete or it is prefabricated be installed on it is described Above hollow square, described block of stone rib body jackstone is in hollow square, hollow square and wharf shoulder rear, what each several part was formed Overall structure.
2. the Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the flexible pile has Multiple rows of, transverse and longitudinal has certain distance, and the flexible pile is broken stone pile, sand pile or major diameter substitution block stone mar.
3. the Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the reinforcing bar Concrete slab is that unitary solid or local are hollow and big compared with the bottom width of the hollow square.
4. the Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that described hollow Square is in hollow concrete prefabricated block, above-mentioned hollow square and rear backfill block stone rib body.
5. the Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the hollow square For in hollow concrete prefabricated block, above-mentioned hollow square and rear backfill block stone rib body.
6. the Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the harbour Breastwork is the prefabricated components of cast-in-place concrete at the top of above-mentioned hollow square or installation, and the bottom width of the wharf shoulder is than described Hollow square top width is big.
7. the Gravity harf structure on Muddy Bottoms soil matrix according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the wharf shoulder It is the prefabricated components of cast-in-place concrete at the top of above-mentioned hollow square or installation, the bottom width of the wharf shoulder is more hollow than described Square top width is big.
CN201620494198.8U 2016-05-27 2016-05-27 Gravity type wharf structure on mucky soil base Active CN206034369U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110004876A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-07-12 日昌升集团有限公司 Low stake gravity type quay and its construction method suitable for soft soil foundation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110004876A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-07-12 日昌升集团有限公司 Low stake gravity type quay and its construction method suitable for soft soil foundation

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