CN206018591U - A kind of biomass particle burning machine - Google Patents

A kind of biomass particle burning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206018591U
CN206018591U CN201620860483.7U CN201620860483U CN206018591U CN 206018591 U CN206018591 U CN 206018591U CN 201620860483 U CN201620860483 U CN 201620860483U CN 206018591 U CN206018591 U CN 206018591U
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China
Prior art keywords
air
passage
feeding
air intake
combustion furnace
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620860483.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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苏晨曦
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苏晨曦
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Priority to CN201620860483.7U priority Critical patent/CN206018591U/en
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Abstract

A kind of biomass particle burning machine, including combustion furnace, burner hearth and fire grate is provided with combustion furnace, lighting-up tuyere and bocca is provided with combustion furnace, combustion furnace is connected with feeding device and air-supply arrangement, the screw input feeder that feeding device is included feed bin and is connected with feed bin, the end of screw input feeder is connected with burner hearth by feeding-passage, the bellows that air-supply arrangement is included blower fan and connected with blower fan, bellows are connected with the inlet air plenum below fire grate by air intake passage I, cleaning door is connected with below inlet air plenum, bellows are connected with feeding-passage by air intake passage II, automatically controlled volume damper II is provided with air intake passage II;Feed bin, screw input feeder, blower fan and bellows are fixedly installed in a housing;Air-cooled interlayer is provided with combustion furnace, and bellows are connected with the air inlet of air-cooled interlayer by air intake passage III;Stove fire barrier plate is provided with feeding-passage, and the upper end of stove fire barrier plate is hinged with the inwall of feeding-passage.

Description

A kind of biomass particle burning machine
Technical field
This utility model is related to the technical field of combustor, particularly a kind of biomass particle burning machine.
Background technology
It is a kind of biomass fuel of high-quality using the biological particles of draft and woody biological manufacture, biological particles can For replacing coal, coal oil and gas, the features such as it not only has high combustion efficiency, disposal of pollutants few, and price is remote Fuel oil is far below, also not higher than coal and natural gas, therefore biological particles are more suitable for burning and use.
The aerator of existing biomass particle burning machine, screw input feeder typically exposed outside, noise is big, biomass Particle burning machine weight is big, not easily shifted.Here it is in place of the deficiencies in the prior art.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model, the deficiency being aiming at existing for prior art, and provide a kind of Biomass particle burning machine, can reduce noise.
This programme is achieved by the following technical measures:A kind of biomass particle burning machine, including combustion furnace, described Burner hearth and fire grate is provided with combustion furnace, is provided with lighting-up tuyere and bocca, is provided with the lighting-up tuyere on the combustion furnace The baffle plate I of controllable opening and closing, the combustion furnace are connected with feeding device and air-supply arrangement, the feeding device include feed bin and with The screw input feeder of feed bin connection, the end of the screw input feeder are connected with burner hearth by feeding-passage, the feeding-passage It is obliquely installed, one end height and one end of burner hearth connection that the feeding-passage is connected with screw input feeder is low, the feeding-passage The one end being connected with burner hearth is located at the top of fire grate;The bellows that the air-supply arrangement is included blower fan and connected with blower fan, described Bellows are connected with the inlet air plenum below fire grate by air intake passage I, are provided with automatically controlled volume damper I on the air intake passage I, Cleaning door is connected with below the inlet air plenum, the baffle plate II of controllable opening and closing is provided with the cleaning door, and the bellows pass through Air intake passage II is connected with feeding-passage, is provided with automatically controlled volume damper II on the air intake passage II;The feed bin, spiral Feeder, blower fan and bellows are fixedly installed in a housing, are provided with feed bin import, the feed bin import on the housing Place is provided with feed bin lid;Air-cooled interlayer is provided with the combustion furnace, is provided with air inlet and air outlet on the air-cooled interlayer, The bellows are connected with the air inlet of air-cooled interlayer by air intake passage III, be provided with automatically controlled air quantity and adjust on the air intake passage III Section valve III;The inwall for being provided with stove fire barrier plate, the upper end of the stove fire barrier plate and feeding-passage in the feeding-passage cuts with scissors Connect, the junction of the air intake passage II and feeding-passage is located between screw input feeder and stove fire barrier plate.
Preferably, burning observation panel is additionally provided with the combustion furnace.Using the technical program, burning observation panel is provided with The combustion case of burner hearth endogenous substance granular fuel can be observed.
Preferably, the top in the air intake room is provided with direction regulator of air.Using the technical program, inlet air plenum can be used The biomass granule fuel come above to fire grate provides oxygen, is provided with direction regulator of air and can control to oxygen in burner hearth Situation, and then control the situation of biological particles burning.
Preferably, the bocca is connected with flame bundle pipes, is provided with and connects with exhaust outlet on the outside of the flame bundle pipes Logical exhaust duct.Using the technical program, it is provided with flame bundle pipes and exhaust duct can collects burned flame.
Preferably, the bocca is bell mouth shape.Using the technical program so that the flare in burner hearth is easier to enter In flame bundle pipes.
Preferably, the air intake passage II is connected with the upper end of feeding-passage.Using the technical program, it is to avoid biomass Grain is fallen in bellows through air intake passage II.
Preferably, control chamber is provided with the housing, be provided with controller in the control chamber, the blower fan, spiral The motor of feeder, automatically controlled volume damper I, automatically controlled volume damper II and automatically controlled volume damper III with control Device is electrically connected.
Preferably, the housing is fixed on base plate with combustion furnace, is connected with least three rollers below the base plate, The base plate is fixedly connected with fixed plate, is provided with the fixedly connected hole passed through for screw in the fixed plate.Using this technology Scheme, is provided with the movement that roller facilitates whole combustor, when fixed, will through the fixedly connected hole in fixed plate using screw Whole combustor is fixed on matrix or ground.
Preferably, the cleaning door is arranged on the opposite end of I end of air intake passage.Using the technical program, the air intake The bottom of room is used for storing combustion ash, and the wind energy in air intake passage I is enough to be blown to combustion ash at cleaning door, facilitates deashing.
The beneficial effects of the utility model can be learnt from above-mentioned technical scheme:A kind of biomass particle burning machine, bag Combustion furnace is included, burner hearth and fire grate in the combustion furnace, is provided with, lighting-up tuyere and bocca, the point on the combustion furnace, is provided with Jet-burner is provided with the baffle plate I of controllable opening and closing, and the combustion furnace is connected with feeding device and air-supply arrangement, the feeding device bag The screw input feeder for including feed bin and being connected with feed bin, the end of the screw input feeder are connected with burner hearth by feeding-passage, The feeding-passage is obliquely installed, and one end height and one end of burner hearth connection that the feeding-passage is connected with screw input feeder is low, One end that the feeding-passage is connected with burner hearth is located at the top of fire grate;The air-supply arrangement is included blower fan and is connected with blower fan Bellows, the bellows are connected with the inlet air plenum below fire grate by air intake passage I, are provided with automatically controlled on the air intake passage I Volume damper I, is connected with cleaning door below the inlet air plenum, be provided with the baffle plate II of controllable opening and closing at the cleaning door, The bellows are connected with feeding-passage by air intake passage II, are provided with automatically controlled volume damper II on the air intake passage II; The feed bin, screw input feeder, blower fan and bellows are fixedly installed in a housing, be provided with feed bin and enter on the housing Mouthful, the feed bin entrance is provided with feed bin lid;Air-cooled interlayer is provided with the combustion furnace, is provided with the air-cooled interlayer Air inlet and air outlet, the bellows are connected with the air inlet of air-cooled interlayer by air intake passage III, on the air intake passage III It is provided with automatically controlled volume damper III;Be provided with stove fire barrier plate in the feeding-passage, the upper end of the stove fire barrier plate with The inwall of feeding-passage is hinged, and the air intake passage II is located at screw input feeder and stove fire barrier plate with the junction of feeding-passage Between.Using the technical program, feed bin, screw input feeder, blower fan and bellows are arranged in a housing, are greatly reduced and are made an uproar Sound, is provided with the temperature that air-cooled interlayer can reduce on the outside of combustion furnace on combustion furnace, improve the service life of combustion furnace, described enter Stove fire barrier plate is provided with material passage, the upper end of stove fire barrier plate is hinged with the inwall of feeding-passage, by charging Passage is in burner hearth, during conveying, stove fire barrier plate is opened, and when in feeding-passage without material, stove fire material-blocking plate can prevent stove Flare in thorax is entered in screw input feeder;The bellows are connected with feeding-passage by air intake passage II, the air intake passage On the one hand wind in II be blown into biological particles in burner hearth, on the other hand can supplement the oxygen required for biological particles burning Gas.
As can be seen here, this utility model compared with prior art, with substantive distinguishing features and progress, its beneficial effect that implements Fruit is also obvious.
Description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical solution of the utility model, accompanying drawing to be used needed for description will be made below Simply introduce, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present utility model, for this area For those of ordinary skill, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with according to these other accompanying drawings of accompanying drawings acquisition.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure:Expect in 1- combustion furnaces, 2- burner hearths, 3- fire grates, 4- lighting-up tuyeres, 5- baffle plates I, 6- cleaning doors, 7- baffle plates II, 8- Storehouse, 9- screw input feeders, 10- feeding-passages, 11- blower fans, 12- bellows, 13- air intake passages I, the automatically controlled volume dampers I of 14-, 15- stove fire barrier plates, 16- air intake passages II, the automatically controlled volume dampers II of 17-, 18- inlet air plenums, 19- air intake passages III, 20- electricity Control volume damper III, the air-cooled interlayers of 21-, 22- housings, 23- control chambers, 24- motors, 25- boccas, 26- flame bundle pipes, 27- exhaust ducts, 28- feed bin lids, 29- base plates, 30- rollers, 31- fixed plates, 32- bolts, 33- direction regulator of air, 34- feed bins enter Mouthful.
Specific embodiment
For enabling utility model purpose of the present utility model, feature, advantage more obvious and understandable, below will fortune With specific embodiment and accompanying drawing, the technical scheme that this utility model is protected is clearly and completely described, it is clear that below Described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of this utility model, and not all embodiment.Reality in based on this patent Example is applied, all other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made all belongs to Scope in this patent protection.
As illustrated, a kind of biomass particle burning machine, including combustion furnace 1, is provided with 2 He of burner hearth in the combustion furnace 1 Fire grate 3, is provided with lighting-up tuyere 4 and bocca 25 on the combustion furnace 1, be provided with the baffle plate I of controllable opening and closing at the lighting-up tuyere 4 5, the combustion furnace 1 is connected with feeding device and air-supply arrangement, and the feeding device is included feed bin 8 and is connected with feed bin 8 Screw input feeder 9, the end of the screw input feeder 9 are connected with burner hearth 2 by feeding-passage 10, and the feeding-passage 10 is inclined Arrange, one end height and one end of the connection of burner hearth 2 that the feeding-passage 10 is connected with screw input feeder 9 is low, the feeding-passage 10 one end being connected with burner hearth 2 are located at the top of fire grate 3;The wind that the air-supply arrangement is included blower fan 11 and connected with blower fan 11 Case 12, the bellows 12 are connected with the inlet air plenum 18 below fire grate 3 by air intake passage I 13, are arranged on the air intake passage I 13 The lower section for having automatically controlled volume damper I 14, the inlet air plenum 18 is connected with cleaning door 6, is provided with controllable opening at the cleaning door 6 The baffle plate II 7 for closing, the bellows 12 are connected with feeding-passage 10 by air intake passage II 16, are arranged on the air intake passage II 16 There is automatically controlled volume damper II 17;The feed bin 8, screw input feeder 9, blower fan 11 and bellows 12 are fixedly installed on a housing In 22, feed bin import 34 is provided with the housing 22, feed bin lid 28 is provided with the feed bin import 34;The combustion furnace 1 On be provided with air-cooled interlayer 21, be provided with air inlet and air outlet on the air-cooled interlayer 21, the bellows 12 are logical by air intake Road III 19 is connected with the air inlet of air-cooled interlayer 21, is provided with automatically controlled volume damper III 20 on the air intake passage III 19;Institute State the inwall hinge that stove fire barrier plate 15, the upper end of the stove fire barrier plate 15 and feeding-passage 10 is provided with feeding-passage 10 Connect, the junction of the air intake passage II 16 and feeding-passage 10 is located between screw input feeder 9 and stove fire barrier plate 15.Feed bin 8th, screw input feeder 9, blower fan 11 and bellows 12 are arranged in a housing 22, greatly reduce noise, are arranged on combustion furnace 1 There is air-cooled interlayer 21 reduce the temperature on the outside of combustion furnace 1, improve the service life of combustion furnace 1, in the feeding-passage 10 Stove fire barrier plate 15 is provided with, the upper end of the stove fire barrier plate 15 is hinged with the inwall of feeding-passage 10, logical by charging Road 10 in burner hearth 2 during conveying, the inclination opening to the right of stove fire barrier plate 15, when in feeding-passage 10 without material, stove fire Material-blocking plate 15 resets, and the flare in burner hearth 2 can be prevented to enter in screw input feeder 9;The bellows 12 pass through air intake passage II 16 are connected with feeding-passage 10, and on the one hand the wind in the air intake passage II 16 be blown into biological particles in burner hearth 2, the opposing party Face can supplement the oxygen required for biological particles burning.
In the technical program, burning observation panel on the combustion furnace 1, is additionally provided with(Not shown in figure).It is provided with burning Observation panel can observe the combustion case of 2 endogenous substance granular fuel of burner hearth.
In the technical program, the top in the inlet air plenum 18 is provided with direction regulator of air 33.Inlet air plenum 18 can be used Oxygen to be provided to the biomass granule fuel above fire grate 3, be provided with direction regulator of air 33 and can control to oxygen supply in burner hearth 2 The situation of gas, and then control the situation of biological particles burning.
In the technical program, the bocca 25 is connected with flame bundle pipes 26, sets on the outside of the flame bundle pipes 26 It is equipped with the exhaust duct 27 connected with exhaust outlet.It is provided with flame bundle pipes 26 and exhaust duct 27 can collects burned flame.
In the technical program, the bocca 25 is bell mouth shape so that the flare in burner hearth 2 is easier to enter flame In bundle pipes 26.
In the technical program, the air intake passage II 16 is connected with the upper end of feeding-passage 10, it is to avoid biological particles Fall in bellows 12 through air intake passage II 16.
In the technical program, control chamber 23 is provided with the housing 22, controller is provided with the control chamber 23 (Not shown in figure), the blower fan 11, the motor 24 of screw input feeder 9, automatically controlled volume damper I 14, automatically controlled air quantity are adjusted Section valve II 17 and automatically controlled volume damper III 20 are electrically connected with the controller.
In the technical program, the housing 22 is fixed on base plate 29 with combustion furnace 1, the lower section connection of the base plate 29 There are at least three rollers 30, the base plate 29 to be fixedly connected with fixed plate 31, be provided with the fixed plate 31 and wear for screw 32 The fixedly connected hole that crosses.The movement that roller 30 facilitates whole combustor is provided with, and when fixed, fixed plate 31 is passed through using screw 32 On fixedly connected hole whole combustor is fixed on matrix or ground.
In the technical program, the cleaning door 6 is arranged on the opposite end of I 13 end of air intake passage.The inlet air plenum 18 Bottom be used for storing combustion ash, the wind energy in air intake passage I 13 is enough to be blown to combustion ash at cleaning door 6, facilitates deashing.
In this specification, each embodiment is described by the way of going forward one by one, and what each embodiment was stressed is and other The difference of embodiment, identical similar portion reference mutually between each embodiment.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments, enables professional and technical personnel in the field to realize or new using this practicality Type.Multiple modifications of these embodiments will be apparent for those skilled in the art, determined herein The General Principle of justice can be realized in the case of without departing from spirit or scope of the present utility model in other embodiments.Cause This, this utility model is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein With consistent most wide scope the characteristics of features of novelty, creativeness.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of biomass particle burning machine, including combustion furnace, is provided with burner hearth and fire grate, the combustion furnace in the combustion furnace On be provided with lighting-up tuyere and bocca, be provided with the baffle plate I of controllable opening and closing at the lighting-up tuyere, the combustion furnace is connected with charging Device and air-supply arrangement, is characterized in that:The screw input feeder that the feeding device is included feed bin and is connected with feed bin, the spiral shell The end of rotation feeder is connected with burner hearth by feeding-passage, and the feeding-passage is obliquely installed, the feeding-passage and spiral One end of one end height of feeder connection and burner hearth connection is low, and one end that the feeding-passage is connected with burner hearth is located at fire grate Top;The bellows that the air-supply arrangement is included blower fan and connected with blower fan, the bellows pass through below air intake passage I and fire grate Inlet air plenum connection, be provided with automatically controlled volume damper I on the air intake passage I, below the inlet air plenum, be connected with deashing Mouthful, the baffle plate II of controllable opening and closing is provided with the cleaning door, the bellows are connected with feeding-passage by air intake passage II, institute State and on air intake passage II, be provided with automatically controlled volume damper II;The feed bin, screw input feeder, blower fan and bellows are fixedly installed In a housing, feed bin import on the housing, is provided with, the feed bin entrance is provided with feed bin lid;On the combustion furnace Air-cooled interlayer is provided with, air inlet and air outlet on the air-cooled interlayer, is provided with, the bellows are by air intake passage III and wind The air inlet connection of cold interlayer, is provided with automatically controlled volume damper III on the air intake passage III;Arrange in the feeding-passage There are stove fire barrier plate, the upper end of stove fire barrier plate to be hinged with the inwall of feeding-passage, the air intake passage II is logical with charging The junction in road is located between screw input feeder and stove fire barrier plate.
2. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that:It is additionally provided with burning to see on the combustion furnace Cha Kou.
3. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that:Top in the air intake room is provided with wind To actuator.
4. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 3, is characterized in that:The bocca is connected with flame boundling Pipe, is provided with, on the outside of the flame bundle pipes, the exhaust duct connected with exhaust outlet.
5. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that:The bocca is bell mouth shape.
6. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 5, is characterized in that:The air intake passage II and feeding-passage Upper end connects.
7. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that:Control chamber, institute is provided with the housing State, the blower fan, the motor of screw input feeder, automatically controlled volume damper I, automatically controlled air quantity Regulating valve II and automatically controlled volume damper III are electrically connected with the controller.
8. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 7, is characterized in that:The housing is fixed on base plate with combustion furnace On, at least three rollers are connected with below the base plate, the base plate is fixedly connected with fixed plate, arranges in the fixed plate There is the fixedly connected hole passed through for screw.
9. biomass particle burning machine according to claim 8, is characterized in that:The cleaning door is arranged on air intake passage I The opposite end of end.
CN201620860483.7U 2016-08-10 2016-08-10 A kind of biomass particle burning machine Expired - Fee Related CN206018591U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620860483.7U CN206018591U (en) 2016-08-10 2016-08-10 A kind of biomass particle burning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620860483.7U CN206018591U (en) 2016-08-10 2016-08-10 A kind of biomass particle burning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206018591U true CN206018591U (en) 2017-03-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620860483.7U Expired - Fee Related CN206018591U (en) 2016-08-10 2016-08-10 A kind of biomass particle burning machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107388237A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-24 芜湖市通达锅炉有限公司 A kind of dual purpose steam water boiler for facilitating manual feeding

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107388237A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-11-24 芜湖市通达锅炉有限公司 A kind of dual purpose steam water boiler for facilitating manual feeding

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170315

Termination date: 20180810

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee