CN205973035U - Automatic change feed system device - Google Patents

Automatic change feed system device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205973035U
CN205973035U CN201620942952.XU CN201620942952U CN205973035U CN 205973035 U CN205973035 U CN 205973035U CN 201620942952 U CN201620942952 U CN 201620942952U CN 205973035 U CN205973035 U CN 205973035U
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China
Prior art keywords
hopper
arc track
track
material equipment
equipment
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Application number
CN201620942952.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵正富
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Huili County Prosperous Bell Organic-Biological Compound Fertilizer Factory
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Huili County Prosperous Bell Organic-Biological Compound Fertilizer Factory
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Application filed by Huili County Prosperous Bell Organic-Biological Compound Fertilizer Factory filed Critical Huili County Prosperous Bell Organic-Biological Compound Fertilizer Factory
Priority to CN201620942952.XU priority Critical patent/CN205973035U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a material is carried. The utility model aims to provide an automatic change feed system device. Automatic change feed system device includes arc track and hopper, the hopper main part is located the cambered surface outside of this arc track to just can not follow the arc track with arc track sliding fit drops, the inboard package of arc track is around the main part of waiting to expect equipment, the arc track lower extreme is located hopper charging position, the upper end is located the feed inlet department that waits to expect equipment, still including the actuating mechanism of drive hopper along an arc track end movement to the other end. The utility model discloses simple structure, convenient to use, degree of automation is high. It needs the reinforced occasion of intermittent type to use to be particularly suitable for chemical industry reation kettle, retort etc.

Description

A kind of automatic feeding system and device
Technical field
This utility model belongs to materials-handling technology field, is related to intermittent feeding on a kind of equipment for crushing material Feeding system device.
Background technology
Disintegrating apparatus are a lot of on the market at present, and structure, principle are different, highly developed.It is fed general someone accordingly Work feed and mechanization are fed two ways.Machinery feed generally adopts belt conveyor, conveying worm etc..But mechanization is given The occasion that material all can only be suitable for continuous feed at present uses.But in some special pulverizing occasions, need batch (-type) to feed again.At present Batch (-type) charging is all also completely dependent on manually operating, backward in technique, high labor intensive, and occupational safety risk is high.It is unfavorable for improving Production efficiency and lifting production technology level.Or the feed hopper using high-order arrangement, the mode intermittently opened feeds, but so The position of hopper is high, too strong using limitation.
Content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of automatic feeding system and device, and this system and device is capable of convenient height Effect ground carries out intermittent feed.
For achieving the above object, this utility model be employed technical scheme comprise that:A kind of automatic feeding system dress Put, including arc track and hopper;
Described hopper main body is located at outside the cambered surface of this arc track, and is slidably matched with arc track and will not be from arc Drop on track;The main body of material equipment is treated in the inner side wrapping of described arc track;
Described arc track lower end is located at loading hopper position, upper end and is located at and treats at the charging aperture of material equipment;
Also include driving hopper that arcuately track one end moves to the drive mechanism of the other end.
Preferably, described charging position setting detects the material level detector of level of filler material in hopper.
Preferably, described drive mechanism includes the looped pull straps of arcuately track arrangement, and drawstring is defeated with motor Shaft connects.
Preferably, described motor is connected with controller, treats the detection of its working condition of setting detection on material equipment Device, detector and material level detector are connected with controller.
Preferably, described arc track has parallel two slide rail, and described hopper two side is slided with slide rail respectively Dynamic cooperation.
This utility model has the advantages that:Hopper feeds in charging position, can be connected using artificial or equipment The mode of continuous conveying is carried out.Hopper installs more than half bucket and expects, waits to need to when treating the charging of material equipment, drive mechanism drives Hopper arcuately track motion, hopper is due to outside arc track arc, so climbing along arc track and then treating Automatic back-off shape state at the charging aperture of material equipment, material is poured into and treats material equipment charging aperture.By two detectors and controller, Automatic can also be realized automatically work.This utility model structure is simple, easy to use, high degree of automation.It is particularly suitable for Chemical reaction kettle, retort etc. need the occasion of interval charging to use.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the cross section structure diagram of this utility model preferred implementation;
Fig. 3 is the outside schematic diagram of embodiment illustrated in fig. 2.
Specific embodiment
A kind of automatic feeding system and device as shown in Figure 1, including arc track 18 and hopper 9.Described hopper 9 main body Outside the cambered surface of this arc track 18, that is, the left side of Fig. 1 and downside.And hopper 9 is constituted with arc track 18 to be slided Move cooperation and will not drop from arc track.Also include driving hopper 9 that arcuately track 18 one end moves to the drive of the other end Motivation structure.The structure being slidably matched and not dropping has multiple it is achieved that such as track is dovetails shape, and hopper 9 arranges swallow The slide block of stern notch shape is it is possible to be slidably matched and hopper 9 does not fall out during upward sliding to the left.Or track is in close up Flute profile, hopper 9 top edge is in bulb-type, and bulb embeds closing in groove.Preferably described arc track 18 has parallel Two slide rails, described 9 liang of sides of hopper are slidably matched with slide rail respectively.So stress is symmetrical, sliding stability, and does not interfere Hopper 9 feeds and discharging.
The main body of material equipment 1 is treated in the inner side wrapping of described arc track 18;Treat material equipment 1 be, for example, pulverizer, reactor, Reactor etc..Arc track 18 is curved, so necessarily having lower end and upper end, its lower end is located at the charging position of hopper 9, upper end It is located at and treat at the charging aperture 10 of material equipment 1.Hopper 9 feeds in charging position, can be using artificial or equipment continuous conveying Mode is carried out.Hopper 9 only fills more than half bucket every time and expects, waits to need to when treating material equipment 1 charging, drive mechanism drives material Arcuately track 18 moves up bucket 9 to the left.Motion track hopper 9 as shown in double dot dash line in Fig. 1 is visible, because hopper 9 exists Outside the arc of arc track 18, thus can along arc track 18 climb then treat automatic at the charging aperture 10 of material equipment 1 Back-off, material is poured into the charging aperture 10 treating material equipment 1.Whole device structure is simple, easy to use, high degree of automation.Especially The occasion of the needs such as suitable chemical reaction kettle, retort interval charging uses.
Drive mechanism e.g. arranges chain along track, and hopper 9 connects sprocket wheel.More preferably described drive mechanism includes edge The looped pull straps of arc track arrangement, drawstring is connected with the output shaft of motor.Motor rotates and reverse and can drive Drawstring pulls hopper 9 and moves along track.Described motor is connected with controller, treats that on material equipment, setting detects its work shape The detector of state, the material level detector of level of filler material in described charging position setting detection hopper.Described detector and material position are visited Survey device to be connected with controller.So whole system can be automatically stopped charging with the material position in automatic detection hopper 9, and then basis is treated The demand of material equipment 1 is automatically moved and is fed to charge door 10.
Still fall within the another embodiment of this patent design as shown in Figure 2,3:Including treat material equipment 1 be pulverizer. Described treat that material equipment 1 has a cylindrical housing, housing tilt is arranged.Angle of inclination can make material transport using certainly focusing on its inside Move and pass through screen cloth, reduce solid accumulation.Setting main feed mouth 2 and main discharging opening 3 on treating material equipment 1, main feed mouth 2 and master Discharging opening 3 is separately positioned on the top treating material equipment 1 and bottom.Treating the 1 central authorities setting rotating shaft 5 of material equipment, described rotating shaft 5 one end It is connected by bearing with treating material equipment 1 top, treat that material equipment 1 top outer is provided with motor 6 and is connected with rotating shaft 5, rotating shaft 5 The other end is provided with first group of blade 7.
As shown in Fig. 2 arranging second group of blade 11, described second group of knife near the position of main feed mouth 2 in described rotating shaft 5 Piece 11 be located at treat material equipment 1 top, be material enter after material equipment 1 through first pulverizing program.All blade lengths It is adapted with treating material equipment 1 inwall, so that blade lengths is slightly less than and treat that the radius of material equipment 1 inwall treats material equipment 1 it is ensured that entering Material all can not affect the rotation of blade through pulverizing of blade again.First group of blade 7 can arrange 4 blades or more Many, second group of blade can arrange 2 blades or more, when the quantity of blade is very few it is necessary to improve the rotating speed of rotating shaft 5 To ensure the abundant of pulverizing, so can increase motor 6 and consume energy.
Arrange and treat the circular screen 4 of material equipment 1 mating shapes between first group of blade 7 and second group of blade 11, Described screen 4 is mutually perpendicular to intersection by many steel bars and constitutes, and the steel bar both sides constituting screen 4 are respectively provided with cutting edge, i.e. screen 4 direction The side of first group of blade 7 and the side towards second group of blade 11 are respectively provided with cutting edge.Screen 4 central authorities leave permission rotating shaft 5 and lead to The hole crossed.As shown in Fig. 2 rotating shaft 5 is arranged on, through screen 4, the central authorities treating material equipment 1, screen 4 is located at second group of blade 11 Lower section, is to treat that the second in material equipment 1 pulverizes program.
In order to obtain pulverizing uniform material, near the position of main discharging opening 3 below first group of blade 7 in treating material equipment 1 Install screen cloth 8, the screen size of described screen cloth 8 is less than steel bar spacing on screen 4.As shown in Fig. 2 treat material equipment 1 downside, Feed side setting recovery bin gate 12 able to turn on or off near screen cloth 8, that is, reclaim bin gate 12 and be located at screen cloth 8 top, treat that material equipment 1 inclines Side obliquely.Described reclaim bin gate 12 and control its cylinder of opening or closing and is connected, reclaim bin gate 12 outside and arrange and expect Bucket 9 is it is impossible to can leave screen cloth 8 by hopper 9 by the bulk materials of screen cloth 8, it is to avoid screen cloth 8 accumulated plugging.Described hopper 9 It is movable to the charging aperture 10 for adding reclaimed materials, described charging aperture 10 is located above second group of blade 11, that is, near waiting to expect The cylinder sides at equipment 1 top, charging aperture 10 arrange baffle plate, prevent hopper 9 from having material to fly out from charging aperture 10 after removing.Material The material not passing through screen cloth 8 is sent into charging aperture 10 so as to be pulverized again by bucket 9.
Treating that the setting of material equipment 1 surface has arc track 18, the upper end of two ring gauge hoppers 9 and the arc of two one slide rails Track 18 constitutes cooperation and slides.And ensure that hopper 9 can smoothly slide on arc track 18 and be maintained at and treat material equipment 1 surface not Can drop.One end of described arc track 18 extends to recovery bin gate 12, is exactly the charging bit of hopper 9 at this recovery bin gate 12 Put.Arc track 18 other end extends at charging aperture 10, and charging aperture 10 is located at and treats material equipment 1 oblique upper, and in two arcs Between track 18.Connection stay cord one end on hopper 9, the drawstring other end and the motor output being arranged near charging aperture 10 Axle is connected.After institute's recovered material enters material bin 9, the manual or automatic motor setting near charging aperture 10 starts, and pulls Cable traction hopper 9 moves to charging aperture 10, enters the stepping after material equipment 1, near charging aperture 10 after institute's recovered material Motor cuts out, and hopper 9 returns at recovery bin gate 12 because of its own slide downward.
Operate for convenience, the baffle plate on described charging aperture 10 can be set to the structure of inwardly unidirectional unlatching, for example described gear The side of plate with treat that material equipment 1 is hinged, on baffle plate arrange spring, one end of spring is fixed on baffle plate and treats that material equipment 1 is hinged Position, the other end is fixed on baffle plate, does not arrange catch with the both sides of panel hinge on charging aperture 10, makes the baffle plate can only be to treating Unidirectional unlatching in material equipment 1.When charging aperture 10 is closed by baffle plate, spring in the raw, when have on baffle plate material depress, To treating to open inside material equipment 1, spring is in extended state to baffle plate, and material enters after material equipment 1, and baffle plate does not have pressure, Baffle plate is retracted closing charging aperture 10 in situ by spring contraction.Which simplify the structure of recovered material device, decrease work The operation of personnel, makes the recovery of material can realize automatization.
Result in blockage to prevent not completely crushed material to be stuck on screen cloth 8, scraping wings can be arranged on screen cloth 8 13, scraping wings 13 position is relative with reclaiming bin gate 12 position, and scraping wings 13 passes through push rod 14 and the driving means treated outside material equipment 1 It is connected, driving means can be oil cylinder or cylinder, scraping wings 13 can be driven along treating material equipment 1 cylindrical shape diameter with driving push rod 14 Move back and forth.When having solid accumulation on screen cloth 8, driving means driving push rod 14 is mobile, and scraping wings 13 is in the effect of push rod 14 Lower edge screen cloth 8 upper surface move, the material of accumulation is pushed to hopper 9 it is ensured that screen cloth 8 unobstructed, so that crushed work is smoothed out.
Preferably embodiment is:It is fixedly connected screen cloth rotating shaft 15 in screen cloth 8 central authorities, screen cloth rotating shaft 15 is passed through bearing and treated Material equipment 1 bottom is connected, and treats that material equipment 1 bottom is provided with the motor 16 driving screen cloth rotating shaft 15 to rotate.Screen cloth rotating shaft 15 is in electricity Rotated under the driving of machine 16, drive screen cloth 8 synchronous axial system, so can increase the rolling of material on screen cloth 8, make to crush Material smoothly pass through from sieve aperture in the rolling, prevent material by not completely crushed bulk materials stop stop, it is to avoid adhesion Caking, is effectively reduced the material quantity needing to be reclaimed, and improves working (machining) efficiency, saves and pulverizes power consumption.
Material enters after material equipment 1, second group of blade 11 high-speed rotation under the driving of motor 6, and to material Carry out preliminary cutting and grinding process, the material after preliminary crushing rushes at screen 4 with certain initial velocity, in screen 4 towards Carry out second crushing process under the cutting edge effect of two groups of blades 11.Meanwhile, first group of blade 7 is synchronous turn under the drive of rotating shaft Dynamic, material falls to first group of blade 7 after passing through screen 4, first group of blade 7 of high-speed rotation carries out third time and pulverized to material Journey, material does disordered motion under the cutting of first group of blade 7, effect of impact in treating material equipment 1, is hit back the thing of screen 4 Material reaches more preferable crushing effect in screen 4 towards cutting and grinding again under the cutting edge effect of first group of blade 7.After pulverizing Material reaches screen cloth 8, rolls around under the rotation of screen cloth 8 and material self gravitation dual function, reaches and pulverizes the thing requiring Material passes through from sieve aperture, leaves through main discharging opening 3 and treats material equipment 1;Not up to pulverize the material stop requiring on screen cloth 8.So Afterwards recovery bin gate 12 is opened by cylinder, scraping wings 13 promotes in the presence of push rod 14 and rests on the material on screen cloth 8 and enter pan feeding Bucket 9.Hopper 9 is pulled to charging aperture 10 by traction, and institute's recovered material is skidded off from hopper 9 using deadweight, and baffle plate is in material gravity Open under effect, recovered material enters to be treated in material equipment 1, carries out crushing process again, until it reaches pulverize and require.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of automatic feeding system and device, including arc track and hopper;
Described hopper main body is located at outside the cambered surface of this arc track, and is slidably matched with arc track and will not be from arc track On drop;The main body of material equipment is treated in the inner side wrapping of described arc track;
Described arc track lower end is located at loading hopper position, upper end and is located at and treats at the charging aperture of material equipment;
Also include driving hopper that arcuately track one end moves to the drive mechanism of the other end.
2. a kind of automatic feeding system and device according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described charging position setting inspection Survey the material level detector of level of filler material in hopper.
3. a kind of automatic feeding system and device according to claim 2 it is characterised in that:Described drive mechanism includes The arcuately looped pull straps of track arrangement, drawstring is connected with the output shaft of motor.
4. a kind of automatic feeding system and device according to claim 3 it is characterised in that:Described motor and control Device processed connects, and treats that the detector of its working condition of setting detection on material equipment, detector and material level detector are connected with controller.
5. a kind of automatic feeding system and device according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described arc track has Two parallel slide rails, described hopper two side is slidably matched with slide rail respectively.
CN201620942952.XU 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 Automatic change feed system device Active CN205973035U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620942952.XU CN205973035U (en) 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 Automatic change feed system device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620942952.XU CN205973035U (en) 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 Automatic change feed system device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205973035U true CN205973035U (en) 2017-02-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620942952.XU Active CN205973035U (en) 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 Automatic change feed system device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108045975A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-18 重庆市长寿区石猫儿农业有限公司 Fruit apron quantitive conveyor

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108045975A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-18 重庆市长寿区石猫儿农业有限公司 Fruit apron quantitive conveyor
CN108045975B (en) * 2017-11-30 2019-07-23 重庆市长寿区石猫儿农业有限公司 Fruit apron quantitive conveyor

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