CN205945625U - Portable solar array based on GPS seeks light fast - Google Patents

Portable solar array based on GPS seeks light fast Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205945625U
CN205945625U CN201620943570.9U CN201620943570U CN205945625U CN 205945625 U CN205945625 U CN 205945625U CN 201620943570 U CN201620943570 U CN 201620943570U CN 205945625 U CN205945625 U CN 205945625U
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China
Prior art keywords
motor
support
gps
rotary shaft
controller
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CN201620943570.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马红娟
唐杰
李云涌
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TIANJIN TDQS ELECTRIC NEW TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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TIANJIN TDQS ELECTRIC NEW TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620943570.9U priority Critical patent/CN205945625U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model provides a portable solar array based on GPS seeks light fast, including the base of support, support below, battery, a step motor, the 2nd step motor and two solar cell panel in the base, the support lower extreme stretches out the second axis of rotation, and the second axis of rotation is passed through the bearing and is connected with the base, is provided with the 2nd step motor of drive second axis of rotation pivoted in the base, the upper portion of support is provided with first axis of rotation, is provided with the gear wheel in the first axis of rotation, passes through the pinion that the chain is connected with the gear wheel and fixes on a step motor's output, and a step motor fixes on the support, solar cell panel fixes in the T at first axis of rotation both ends type structurally respectively, and solar cell panel is connected with the battery, the inside controller that is provided with of base, the controller is connected with a step motor and the 2nd step motor electricity respectively. The utility model discloses not only can be used to the mobile device, power is great, can seek light moreover automatically, does not receive geographical position constraint.

Description

A kind of movable solar energy set of cells quickly seeking light based on GPS
Technical field
This utility model belongs to solar photovoltaic technology field, especially relates to a kind of quickly seek light based on GPS Movable solar energy set of cells.
Background technology
Solar energy is a kind of inexhaustible regenerative resource, has cleaning, pollution-free, widely distributed, rich reserves etc. Advantage.Solar electrical energy generation has been future source of energy development trend.With the development of photovoltaic technology, China has become photovoltaic products outlet Big country, occupies the market share in the whole world 50%.Although photovoltaic products are popularized very much, solar facilities still has limitation. The universal power of photovoltaic cell being presently used in daily life is little, and is fixed on equipment surface it is impossible to because of light angle Change and adjust acceptance angle;Although for electric station solaode can automatic seeking light, it is well known that electric station photovoltaic Battery is fixed due to geographical position, and the elevation angle of cell panel and motion amplitude are limited.Cell panel just can be sought by system vernier control Light.Once cell panel is in mobile status and is limited by geographical position, motion amplitude limited it is impossible to be used for mobile device.
Content of the invention
In view of this, this utility model is directed to a kind of movable solar energy set of cells quickly seeking light based on GPS, with Solve the technical problem that solar battery group can not use in a mobile device.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution of the utility model is realized in:
A kind of removable photovoltaic cell group quickly being sought light based on GPS, including the support being vertically arranged, is located at below support Base, also include the first motor, the second motor, two solar panels and be arranged on the electric power storage in base Pond, described pedestal lower end stretches out the second rotary shaft, and the second rotary shaft is connected with base by bearing, drives described second rotary shaft The second motor rotating around the axis of itself is arranged in base;The top of described support is provided with horizontal through support The first rotary shaft, the first rotary shaft is connected with support by bearing, the first rotary shaft of described support side is provided with big Gear, is fixed on the outfan of the first motor by the little gear that chain is connected with described gear wheel, the first stepping electricity Machine is fixed on support;Described solar panel is separately fixed on the T-type structure at the first rotary shaft two ends, solaode The one of plate reception sunlight faces up, and solar panel is connected with accumulator;Described chassis interior is provided with controller, controller Electrically connect with the first motor and the second motor respectively, controller controls the first motor and the second motor Rotate and reverse.
Further, described controller includes single-chip microcomputer, GPS module, clock circuit, motor-drive circuit and signal condition Circuit, GPS module is connected with the signal input part of single-chip microcomputer by signal conditioning circuit respectively, the letter of clock circuit and single-chip microcomputer Number input connects, and motor-drive circuit is connected with the signal output part of single-chip microcomputer, motor-drive circuit respectively with the first stepping Motor and the electrical connection of the second motor, accumulator is that whole controller is powered after the process of transformation device.
Further, described gear wheel is fixed with symmetrically arranged small magnet on the surface of support, on described support The dry-reed relay corresponding with described small magnet, described dry-reed relay and control are fixed with the surface relative with gear wheel Device electrically connects, and when through dry-reed relay, dry-reed relay can close small magnet, and this signal is sent is sentenced by controller Disconnected, controller detects the angle of rotation.Azimuth sent by controller and the control signal of the angle of pitch controls the first motor With the rotating of the second motor, drive the rotation of solar panel.
Further, the quantity of described small magnet is two, and the quantity of described dry-reed relay is two.
Further, described solar panel is provided with the photoconductive resistance for detecting light intensity, photoconductive resistance Detection plane is parallel with the plate face of solar panel, and photoconductive resistance is electrically connected with the controller, and controller is according to the light receiving The signal of quick resistance is finely adjusted to solar panel.
Further, the rotational angle of described second rotary shaft rotation is 360 degree, the angle that described first rotary shaft rotates Between 0 degree to 90 degree.
Further, described gear wheel is arranged in the first rotary shaft between solar panel and support.
Further, described first motor is fixed on the electric machine support being fixedly connected with support.
Further, described solar panel is single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel.
Further, the capacity of described accumulator is 25 times of solar panel peak point current.
With respect to prior art, a kind of removable photovoltaic cell group quickly seeking light based on GPS described in the utility model Have the advantage that:
(1) this utility model wide accommodation, by increased GPS module, in earth any point towards any direction all Sun orientation relatively of the present utility model can be judged rapidly, and enable to follow the tracks of the function of the sun under kinestate, really Accomplish automatic seeking light, do not limited by geographical position, and Adjustment precision is high, the angle of solar cell panel error control being adjusted System is within 5%;
(2) solar panel in this utility model can in the horizontal direction 360 degree rotation it is also possible to vertically side Rotate in the range of 0 degree to 90 degree upwards;
(3) solar panel have selected single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, and service life is longer.
Brief description
The accompanying drawing constituting a part of the present utility model is used for providing further understanding to of the present utility model, and this practicality is new The schematic description and description of type is used for explaining this utility model, does not constitute to improper restriction of the present utility model.? In accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the back side perspective view of the set of cells described in this utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the close-up schematic view at the gear wheel described in this utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the front perspective view of the set of cells described in this utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the controller described in this utility model embodiment.
Description of reference numerals:
1- support;2- base;3- first motor;4- first rotary shaft;41-T type structure;5- solar panel; 6- second rotary shaft;7- gear wheel;8- little gear;9- chain;10- small magnet;11- dry-reed relay;12- electric machine support;13- Photoconductive resistance.
Specific embodiment
It should be noted that in the case of not conflicting, the embodiment in this utility model and the feature in embodiment can To be mutually combined.
In description of the present utility model it is to be understood that term " " center ", " longitudinal ", " horizontal ", " on ", D score, The orientation of instruction such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom ", " interior ", " outward " or position relationship are Based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, it is for only for ease of description this utility model and simplifies description, rather than instruction Or the hint device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, be not therefore understood that It is to restriction of the present utility model.Additionally, term " first ", " second " etc. are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating Or hint relative importance or the implicit quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, " first ", " second " etc. are defined Feature can express or implicitly include one or more this feature.In description of the present utility model, unless separately It is described, " multiple " are meant that two or more.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " peace Dress ", " being connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected or being detachably connected, or integratedly Connect;Can be to be mechanically connected or electrically connect;Can be to be joined directly together it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, It can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood by concrete condition State concrete meaning in this utility model for the term.
To describe this utility model below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments in detail.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of removable photovoltaic cell group quickly seeking light based on GPS, including propping up of being vertically arranged Frame 1, the base 2 of support 1 lower section, also include the first motor 3, the second motor, two solar panels 5 and setting Accumulator in base 2.The second rotary shaft 6 is stretched out in support 1 lower end, and the second rotary shaft 6 is connected with base 2 by bearing, band The second motor that dynamic second rotary shaft 6 rotates around the axis of itself is arranged on inside base 2;The top setting of support 1 There is the first rotary shaft 4 horizontal through support 1, the first rotary shaft 4 is connected with support 1 by bearing, and gear wheel 7 is arranged on the sun In the first rotary shaft 4 between energy cell panel 5 and support 1, it is fixed on first with gear wheel 7 by the little gear 8 that chain 9 is connected On the outfan of motor 3, the first motor 3 is fixed on support 1, and the first motor 3 is fixed on fixing with support 1 On the electric machine support 12 connecting;Described solar panel 5 is separately fixed on the T-type structure 41 at the first rotary shaft 4 two ends, too Sun energy cell panel 5 receives the one of sunlight and faces up, and solar panel 5 is connected with accumulator;Described base 2 is internally provided with control Device processed, controller is electrically connected with the first motor 3 and the second motor respectively, and controller controls the first motor 3 He The rotating and reverse of second motor.First motor 3 and the second motor can make solar panel 5 in level 360 ° on direction rotate freely and 0~90 ° in pitch orientation between.
Schematic block circuit diagram as shown in Figure 4, controller includes single-chip microcomputer, GPS module, clock circuit, Motor drive electricity Road and signal conditioning circuit, GPS module is connected with the signal input part of single-chip microcomputer by signal conditioning circuit respectively, clock circuit It is connected with the signal input part of single-chip microcomputer, motor-drive circuit is connected with the signal output part of single-chip microcomputer, and motor-drive circuit divides Do not electrically connect with the first motor 3 and the second motor, accumulator is that whole controller supplies after the process of transformation device Electricity.
As shown in Fig. 2 gear wheel 7 is fixed with symmetrically arranged two small magnets 10, support 1 on the surface of support 1 It is fixed with two corresponding with small magnet 10 dry-reed relay 11, dry-reed relay 11 on the upper surface relative with gear wheel 7 It is electrically connected with the controller, the position of adjustment dry-reed relay 11 makes small magnet 10 when through dry-reed relay 11, dry spring relay Device 11 can close, and this signal is sent judged by controller, and controller detects the angle of rotation.Orientation sent by controller The control signal of angle and the angle of pitch controls the rotating of the first motor 3 and the second motor, drives solar panel 5 Rotation.
As shown in figure 3, the MG42-5 type photoconductive resistance 13 for detecting light intensity, light are provided with solar panel 5 The detection plane of quick resistance 13 is parallel with the plate face of solar panel 5, and photoconductive resistance 13 is electrically connected with the controller, controller root Signal according to the photoconductive resistance 13 receiving is finely adjusted to solar panel 5.
Solar panel 5 is single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel.The photoelectric transformation efficiency of monocrystaline silicon solar cell at present Be about 15%, up to 24%, be current all kinds solaode in photoelectric transformation efficiency highest, technology is also For maturation.Service life, typically up to 15a, reaches as high as 25a.Polysilicon solar cell is than the light of monocrystaline silicon solar cell Photoelectric transformation efficiency will reduce much, its photoelectric transformation efficiency about 12%, and the service life of polysilicon solar cell also will simultaneously Shorter than monocrystaline silicon solar cell.Amorphous silicon thin-film solar cell photoelectric transformation efficiency is low, and current international most advanced level is about For 10%, and it is not sufficiently stable, prolongation over time, its conversion efficiency decays, and directly affects its practical application.So at present Adopt monocrystaline silicon solar cell more.
Maintenance-free battery and charging-discharging controller is placed in accumulator box.Charging-discharging controller has taken into account work(in design Can complete (possess light-operated, time control, overcharge protection, Cross prevention and reverse connecting protection etc.) and cost control, the very high sexual valence of realization Than.The capacity of accumulator will determine according to the power of solar panel 5, and passes through photovoltaic charge controller and solar-electricity Pond connects, and accumulator should be matched with solaode.Solar panel 5 power must exceed more than 4 times of bearing power, is System could normal work.The voltage of solar panel 5 will exceed the running voltage 20%~30% of accumulator, and guarantee is given The normal electric power storage of accumulator.Accumulator will have enough capacity, will not be because of the dehydration caused by overcharge with guarantee.This utility model Setting accumulator capacity is 25 times of solar panel 5 peak point current.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:
Obtain longitude and latitude and the local time at this utility model place first with GPS module, and calculate the local sun Azimuth, by signal transmission to single-chip microcomputer, Single-chip Controlling the first motor 3 and the second motor are by the sun for GPS module Can cell panel 5 be adjusted to sunlight against position, after being adjusted in place, by MG42-5 type photoconductive resistance 13, using light intensity Relative method, is finely adjusted to cell panel, and photoconductive resistance 13 is by signal transmission to single-chip microcomputer, Single-chip Controlling the first motor 3 With the second motor on sunlight vertical irradiation to plane, using gps data, big angle is carried out to solar panel 5 The adjustment of degree, then with the signal of photoconductive resistance 13, solar panel 5 is finely adjusted.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit this utility model, all this Within the spirit of utility model and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement made etc., should be included in this utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Including the support (1) being vertically arranged, Base (2) below support (1), also includes the first motor (3), the second motor, two solar panels (5) and the accumulator that is arranged in base (2),
The second rotary shaft (6) is stretched out in described support (1) lower end, and the second rotary shaft (6) is connected with base (2) by bearing, drives The second motor that described second rotary shaft (6) rotates around the axis of itself is arranged in base (2);
The top of described support (1) is provided with the first rotary shaft (4) horizontal through support (1), and the first rotary shaft (4) passes through axle Hold and be connected with support (1), first rotary shaft (4) of described support (1) side is provided with gear wheel (7), with described gear wheel (7) it is fixed on the outfan of the first motor (3) by the little gear (8) that chain (9) connects, the first motor (3) It is fixed on support (1);
Described solar panel (5) is separately fixed on the T-type structure (41) at the first rotary shaft (4) two ends, solaode The one of plate (5) reception sunlight faces up, and solar panel (5) is connected with accumulator;
Described base (2) is internally provided with controller, and controller is electrically connected with the first motor (3) and the second motor respectively Connect, controller controls the first motor (3) and the rotating and reverse of the second motor.
2. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described control Device processed includes single-chip microcomputer, GPS module, clock circuit, motor-drive circuit and signal conditioning circuit, and GPS module passes through letter respectively Number modulate circuit is connected with the signal input part of single-chip microcomputer, and clock circuit is connected with the signal input part of single-chip microcomputer, Motor drive Circuit is connected with the signal output part of single-chip microcomputer, motor-drive circuit respectively with the first motor (3) and the second motor Electrical connection, accumulator is that whole controller is powered after the process of transformation device.
3. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described big Gear (7) is fixed with symmetrically arranged small magnet (10) on the surface of support (1), and described support (1) is gone up and gear wheel (7) The dry-reed relay (11) corresponding with described small magnet (10) be fixed with relative surface, described dry-reed relay (11) with Controller electrically connects.
4. according to claim 3 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described little The quantity of Magnet (10) is two, and the quantity of described dry-reed relay (11) is two.
5. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described too Sun can be provided with the photoconductive resistance (13) for detecting light intensity on cell panel (5), the detection plane of photoconductive resistance (13) with too The plate face of sun energy cell panel (5) is parallel, and photoconductive resistance (13) is electrically connected with the controller.
6. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described The rotational angle of two rotary shafts (6) rotation is 360 degree, between the angle that described first rotary shaft (4) rotates is 0 degree to 90 degree.
7. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described big Gear (7) is arranged in the first rotary shaft (4) between solar panel (5) and support (1).
8. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described One motor (3) is fixed on the electric machine support (12) being fixedly connected with support (1).
9. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described too Sun can cell panel (5) be single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel.
10. according to claim 1 based on GPS quickly seek light removable photovoltaic cell group it is characterised in that:Described storage The capacity of battery is 25 times of solar panel (5) peak point current.
CN201620943570.9U 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 Portable solar array based on GPS seeks light fast Active CN205945625U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107465386A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-12-12 合肥凌山新能源科技有限公司 A kind of distributed photovoltaic power generation system based on photoconductive effect
CN108902116A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-30 上海宴阳智能科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy all automatic mouse killer using intelligent science and technology
KR102388373B1 (en) * 2021-05-11 2022-04-20 주식회사 신화철강 Helical pile for solar panel supporter

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107465386A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-12-12 合肥凌山新能源科技有限公司 A kind of distributed photovoltaic power generation system based on photoconductive effect
CN108902116A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-30 上海宴阳智能科技有限公司 A kind of solar energy all automatic mouse killer using intelligent science and technology
KR102388373B1 (en) * 2021-05-11 2022-04-20 주식회사 신화철강 Helical pile for solar panel supporter

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