CN205945596U - Two electricity generation battery pack of solar energy light and heat - Google Patents

Two electricity generation battery pack of solar energy light and heat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205945596U
CN205945596U CN201620677847.8U CN201620677847U CN205945596U CN 205945596 U CN205945596 U CN 205945596U CN 201620677847 U CN201620677847 U CN 201620677847U CN 205945596 U CN205945596 U CN 205945596U
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solar
heat
light
solar energy
film
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CN201620677847.8U
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杜国宏
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Jiangsu Shunda New Energy Technology Co., Ltd.
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SUZHOU SPRUCE PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES Inc
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model provides a two electricity generation battery pack of solar energy light and heat, includes light energy electrical cell, heat energy electrical cell and lies in the sealed frame of both avriss that light energy electrical cell lies in heat energy electrical cell's top, light energy electrical cell includes printing opacity membrane, unsmooth membrane, second insulating layer and solar wafer, the surface of printing opacity membrane forms battery pack's sensitive surface, solar wafer's below is the first insulation layer, electric energy electrical cell includes heat -conducting metal board, thermal power generation module and water chiller, the thermal power generation module connection in series -parallel is arranged in between heat -conducting metal board and the water chiller. The utility model discloses combine the thermoelectric generation principle, received the heat with the solar battery subassembly and hold as the high temperature of thermoelectric generation component, hold water chiller as low temperature, just formed an electricity generation source. Under the same subassembly area condition, all become the photon energy of each wave band of sunlight into the electric energy, more multiplely than traditional photovoltaic module go out 50% electric quantity, reduced the cost of engineering construction.

Description

A kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal
Technical field
This utility model relates to the use of photo-thermal power generation technical field and in particular to a kind of double generating battery group of solar energy optical-thermal Part.
Background technology
Solaode is also called " solar chip " or " light cell ", is a kind of photoelectricity of the utilization sunlight direct generation of electricity Wafer.It, can instant output voltage and produce electric current in the case of having loop by illumination then.Solaode Have a wide range of applications, its from military field, space industry enter industry, commercially, agricultural, communication, household electrical appliance and public affairs With departments such as facilities it is particularly possible to dispersedly in outlying district, high mountain, desert, island and agricultural use, expensive to save cost Transmission line of electricity.
Solaode, in application process, need to be fabricated to various sizes of solar module.Use multiple solar energys Cell piece is composed in series the solar module of high voltage output, frequently referred to photovoltaic module.The photovoltaic module being fabricated to can It is layed in top of building to power for interior of building, may also set up on caravan, tent, do power supply out of doors and use.Additionally, Photovoltaic module can be additionally used in the construction of solar power plant.
The spectral band scope that sunlight reaches on ground is about 0.295~2.5 μm.It is shorter than 0.295 μm and be more than 2.5 The solar radiation of mum wavelength, because the strong absorption of ozone, aqueous vapor and other atmospheric molecules in earth atmosphere is it is impossible to reach ground. When sunray is irradiated to solar cell surface, a part of photon is absorbed by silicon materials, and the energy transmission of photon gives silicon Atom, makes electronics transit to conduction band from valence band, forms electric current, solar module just generates electricity.
But problem is, photon must carry appropriate energy, that is, be slightly larger than the energy of crystal energy gap, beyond this Energy range will occur problem.If photon carries, energy is too high, the energy entrained by such as high energy ultraviolet, it be not by Absorption of crystal becomes electric current, but the heat energy that can cause confusion to the electronics in material.
On the other hand, if photon carries, energy is too low, and the photon energy of such as microwave or infrared light can not possibly make crystal Electronics transit to conduction band from valence band, also cannot generate electricity.Unfortunately, these lower energy photons proportion in solar spectrum Close to half so that the energy conversion efficiency of solar panel cannot exceed 50%.The solar photon energy of about half cannot Using becoming electric energy in solar panel, these lower energy photons still can make the lattice of crystal produce vibration, that is, becoming heat energy makes The temperature of crystal raises.Therefore, after reaching solar panel, a part of luminous energy becomes electric energy, another part light to solar photon Heat energy can be become, so that solaode plate temperature is raised.But solaode plate temperature can reduce solaode after raising Photoelectric transformation efficiency, generated energy reduces.
Traditional photovoltaic module structure is as shown in figure 1, edge is set gradually transparent packaged glass 1, monocrystal silicon by light direction Or polysilicon solar battery slice 2 and backboard 3, it is provided with printing opacity EVA between solar battery sheet 2 and packaged glass 1 and backboard 3 Adhesive-layer 4, the both sides of assembly are sealing installation frame 5.This structure is traditional modal solar photovoltaic assembly, that is, only Part luminous energy can be converted to the photovoltaic module of electric energy, and non-switched luminous energy then becomes the heat energy carrying in heat energy and sunlight Battery plate temperature is made to raise together.
Therefore, for the problems referred to above it is necessary to propose further solution, increase the utilization rate of sunlight, allow too Heat energy in sun energy battery component becomes pair into just it is also possible to generate electricity.
Content of the invention
In view of this, this utility model provides a kind of double battery component generating electricity of utilization solar energy optical-thermal, in identical faces Under the conditions of long-pending, can be than the electricity sending 50% conventional photovoltaic assembly more.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal, includes optical energy power unit, heat energy power-generating unit and both being located at The sealed frame of avris, optical energy power unit is located at the top of heat energy power-generating unit, is provided with the first insulating barrier between the two;
Described optical energy power unit includes light-transmissive film, embossed film, the second insulating barrier and solar battery sheet;Described light-transmissive film Surface formed battery component sensitive surface;It is provided with first between described second insulating barrier and embossed film, solar battery sheet Adhesive film;The lower section of described solar battery sheet is the first insulating barrier, has been arranged between the second adhesive film;
Described electric energy generator unit includes thermal conductive metal plate, temperature-difference power generation module and water cooler;Described thermo-electric generation mould Block is placed between thermal conductive metal plate and water cooler, has been arranged between heat conduction glue-line;Described thermal conductive metal plate and the first insulating barrier Between be provided with the second adhesive film.
Preferably, described solar battery sheet is multiple, and it is exhausted that multiple solar battery sheets are arranged in first in the form of an array In edge layer, and multiple solar battery sheet is serially connected.
Preferably, described embossed film is located at the lower section of light-transmissive film, and embossed film is formed with uniformly towards on the surface of light-transmissive film Some concaveconvex structures of arrangement;Described concaveconvex structure includes recessed structure and the male structure being formed at place surface, recessed structure and convex Structure is arranged alternately, and equidistantly arranges between each structure.
Preferably, described first insulating barrier is exhausted for the white reflection between solar cell back face electrode and thermal conductive metal plate Edge layer;Described second insulating barrier is the transparent insulating layer of solar battery sheet front electrode and sealed frame edge, its light transmittance > 91%.
Preferably, described thermal conductive metal plate is Al-alloy metal plate.
Preferably, the bottom surface of described thermal conductive metal plate is additionally provided with strengthening rib strip;Described strengthening rib strip be a plurality of, a plurality of plus Strong rib is arranged in a crossed manner.
Preferably, described light-transmissive film is extraordinary high resistant steam fluoroplastics light-transmissive film, and its block-water performance meets in 90%RH, 40 Under the conditions of DEG C, vapor pervious 1g/m2× 24h, its light transmittance > 94%.
Preferably, the output positive and negative charge of the both positive and negative polarity of described solar battery sheet outfan and temperature-difference power generation module is simultaneously Connection, and add isolating diode in respective positive terminal.
Preferably, described Al-alloy metal plate is connected by elastic conducting strip with strengthening rib strip, sealed frame, sealed frame Resistance < 0.1 Ω and Al-alloy metal plate between.
Preferably, described first adhesive film is POE adhesive film, and the second adhesive film is EVA adhesive film.
Compared with prior art, this utility model combines thermo-electric generation principle, solar module is received heat and does For the temperature end of thermo-electric generation element, by water cooler as low-temperature end, it is the formation of an energy source, battery can also be given simultaneously Cooling.Under the conditions of same components area, the photon energy of each for sunlight wave band is all become electric energy, more than conventional photovoltaic assembly Send 50% electricity, and not easily broken, it is easily installed and transports, reduce the cost of engineering construction.
Brief description
In order to be illustrated more clearly that this utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment Or in description of the prior art the accompanying drawing of required use be briefly described it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only It is some embodiments of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise not paying creative work Under, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is conventional photovoltaic modular construction schematic cross-section;
The structural section schematic diagram of the double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal that Fig. 2 provides for this utility model.
The reference being related in accompanying drawing and ingredient explanation:
1st, packaged glass;2nd, cell piece;3rd, backboard;4th, printing opacity EVA adhesive-layer;5th, seal installation frame;6th, sealed frame; 7th, the first insulating barrier;8th, solar battery sheet;9th, thermal conductive metal plate;10th, light-transmissive film;11st, embossed film;12nd, the second insulating barrier; 13rd, the first adhesive film;14th, the second adhesive film;15th, temperature-difference power generation module;16th, water cooler;17th, heat conduction glue-line.
Specific embodiment
By specific embodiment, the technical solution of the utility model will be clearly and completely described below.Obviously, Described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of this utility model, rather than whole embodiments.Based on this utility model In embodiment, the every other enforcement that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of not making creative work Example, broadly falls into the scope of this utility model protection.
Shown in Figure 2, a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal, including optical energy power unit and heat energy power-generating list Unit and the sealed frame 6 being located at both avris, as the term suggests, optical energy power unit utilizes the optical energy power of sunlight, and heat energy The heat energy power-generating that generator unit is then transformed into using some luminous energy of heat energy of sunlight.
Optical energy power unit is located at the top of heat energy power-generating unit, is provided with the first insulating barrier 7 between the two, and this is first exhausted Edge layer 7 is the white reflection insulating barrier between solar battery sheet 8 backplate and thermal conductive metal plate 9.
Optical energy power unit includes light-transmissive film 10, embossed film 11, the second insulating barrier 12 and solar battery sheet 8, light-transmissive film 10 surface forms the sensitive surface of battery component, and this light-transmissive film 10 is extraordinary high resistant steam fluoroplastics light-transmissive film, its block-water performance Meet in 90%RH, under the conditions of 40 DEG C, vapor pervious 1g/m2× 24h, its light transmittance > 94%, it is as whole battery component Sensitive surface it is necessary to have high light transmittance, the luminous energy in such guarantee battery component, the normal work of thermal energy collecting element Make.
Embossed film 11 is located at the lower section of light-transmissive film, and embossed film 11 is formed with evenly distributed towards on the surface of light-transmissive film 10 Some concaveconvex structures, by arranging this some concaveconvex structure, improve the concentration ratio of sunlight, and improve photoelectric transformation efficiency, Relatively increase the light-receiving area of solar module sensitive surface.This concaveconvex structure includes the recessed structure being formed at place surface And male structure, recessed structure and male structure are arranged alternately, and equidistantly arrange between each structure.
Solar battery sheet 8 is multiple, and multiple solar battery sheets 8 are arranged on the first insulating barrier 7 in the form of an array, and Multiple solar battery sheets 8 are serially connected, to obtain larger output current.
It is provided with the first adhesive film 13, this first viscose glue between second insulating barrier 12 and embossed film 11, solar battery sheet 8 Film 13 is POE adhesive film, its light transmittance > 93%, and the second insulating barrier 12 is solar battery sheet 8 front electrode and sealed frame 6 The transparent insulating layer at edge, its light transmittance > 91%.And the lower section of solar battery sheet 8 is the first insulating barrier 7, as white reflection Insulating barrier, has been arranged between the second adhesive film 14, and this second adhesive film 14 is EVA adhesive film.
Electric energy generator unit includes thermal conductive metal plate 9, temperature-difference power generation module 15 and water cooler 16, temperature-difference power generation module 15 It is placed between thermal conductive metal plate 9 and water cooler 16, the number of this temperature-difference power generation module is multiple, and its connected mode can first be connected In parallel afterwards, also can connect after first parallel connection, connected mode here is not done particular determination, can be selected according to practical situation.The temperature difference It is provided with heat conduction glue-line 17, thermal conductive metal plate 9 and the first insulation between electricity generation module 15 and thermal conductive metal plate 9, water cooler 16 It is provided with the second adhesive film 14 between layer 7.Temperature-difference power generation module 15 is collected in sunlight by the thermal conductive metal plate 9 on its upper strata The heat energy carrying also has in optical energy power unit and converts light energy into the heat producing during electric energy, and these heats are as thermo-electric generation The temperature end of module 15.Temperature-difference power generation module 15 collects cold water heat by the water cooler 16 of its lower floor, these heats as The low-temperature end of temperature-difference power generation module 15, then the both sides of temperature-difference power generation module 15 there is height potential difference, form an energy source.
Thermal conductive metal plate 9 can be selected for Al-alloy metal plate, also can be selected for the metallic plate that other have high-efficiency heat conduction effect, This does not lay down hard-and-fast rule.It is additionally provided with strengthening rib strip in the bottom surface of thermal conductive metal plate 9, strengthening rib strip is a plurality of, a plurality of reinforcement Bar is arranged in a crossed manner, as be preferable to provide mode it is only necessary to a plurality of strengthening rib strip exist intersect intersection point.
On solar battery sheet front, each photic zone is light-transmissive film 10, embossed film 11, the first adhesive film 13, second Insulating barrier 12 all has high transmission rate compared with the photic zone in conventional photovoltaic assembly, which ensure that battery component can receive High intensity, highdensity sunlight.The optical energy power unit of whole generating battery assembly and heat energy power-generating unit pass through solar energy The both positive and negative polarity of cell piece 8 outfan is in parallel with the output positive and negative charge of temperature-difference power generation module 15, and respective positive terminal add every From diode, in as whole battery component, also have two power generating sources, pass through elastic conducting strip by Al-alloy metal plate simultaneously It is connected with strengthening rib strip, sealed frame 6, reduce resistance within battery component so as to < 0.1 Ω.Two are sent out by sealed frame 6 Power supply is integrated, and forms a battery completing, not only increased the intensity of solar module, and make solar battery group Part forms modular construction, is easy to be extended and applied.
The double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal that this utility model provides under the conditions of same components area, by sunlight The photon energy of each wave band all becomes electric energy, the ratio electricity sending 50% conventional photovoltaic assembly more, and not easily broken, is easily installed And transport, reduce the cost of engineering construction.
Described above to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field be capable of or new using this practicality Type.Multiple modifications to these embodiments will be apparent from for those skilled in the art, is determined herein The General Principle of justice can be realized in the case of without departing from spirit or scope of the present utility model in other embodiments.Cause This, this utility model is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and principles disclosed herein The wide scope consistent with features of novelty.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal it is characterised in that:Including optical energy power unit, heat energy power-generating unit and It is located at the sealed frame of both avris, optical energy power unit is located at the top of heat energy power-generating unit, is provided with first between the two Insulating barrier;
Described optical energy power unit includes light-transmissive film, embossed film, the second insulating barrier and solar battery sheet;The table of described light-transmissive film Face forms the sensitive surface of battery component;It is provided with the first viscose glue between described second insulating barrier and embossed film, solar battery sheet Film;The lower section of described solar battery sheet is the first insulating barrier, has been arranged between the second adhesive film;
Described heat energy power-generating unit includes thermal conductive metal plate, temperature-difference power generation module and water cooler;Described temperature-difference power generation module is put Between thermal conductive metal plate and water cooler, it has been arranged between heat conduction glue-line;Between described thermal conductive metal plate and the first insulating barrier It is provided with the second adhesive film.
2. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described solar-electricity Pond piece is multiple, and multiple solar battery sheets are arranged on the first insulating barrier in the form of an array, and multiple solar battery sheet phase Mutually connect.
3. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described embossed film position In the lower section of light-transmissive film, embossed film is formed with evenly distributed some concaveconvex structures towards on the surface of light-transmissive film;Described concavo-convex Structure includes recessed structure and the male structure being formed at place surface, and recessed structure and male structure are arranged alternately, and between each structure etc. Spacing arranges.
4. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described first insulation Layer is the white reflection insulating barrier between solar cell back face electrode and thermal conductive metal plate;Described second insulating barrier is solar energy Cell piece front electrode and the transparent insulating layer at sealed frame edge, its light transmittance > 91%.
5. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described heat-conducting metal Plate is Al-alloy metal plate.
6. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described heat-conducting metal The bottom surface of plate is additionally provided with strengthening rib strip;Described strengthening rib strip is a plurality of, and a plurality of strengthening rib strip is arranged in a crossed manner.
7. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described light-transmissive film is Extraordinary high resistant steam fluoroplastics light-transmissive film, its block-water performance meets in 90%RH, under the conditions of 40 DEG C, vapor pervious 1g/m2× 24h, its light transmittance > 94%.
8. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described solar-electricity The both positive and negative polarity of pond piece outfan is in parallel with the output positive and negative charge of temperature-difference power generation module, and adds isolation two poles in respective positive terminal Pipe.
9. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 5 it is characterised in that:Described aluminium alloy gold Belong to plate to be connected by elastic conducting strip with strengthening rib strip, sealed frame, the resistance < between sealed frame and Al-alloy metal plate 0.1Ω.
10. a kind of double generating battery assembly of solar energy optical-thermal according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described first glues Glued membrane is POE adhesive film, and the second adhesive film is EVA adhesive film.
CN201620677847.8U 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 Two electricity generation battery pack of solar energy light and heat Active CN205945596U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106026860A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 苏州思博露光伏能源科技有限公司 Solar photo-thermal dual-generating battery assembly

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106026860A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 苏州思博露光伏能源科技有限公司 Solar photo-thermal dual-generating battery assembly

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20181226

Address after: 225000 21 storeys, Block A, Zhigu Building, 186 Yangtze River Middle Road, Yangzhou Development Zone, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu Shunda New Energy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 215153 No. 260 Luliangshan Road, Suzhou High-tech Zone, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: Suzhou Spruce Photovoltaic Energy Technologies, Inc.

TR01 Transfer of patent right