CN205939816U - Heat pump that solar energy collection evaporimeter and finned evaporator combine - Google Patents

Heat pump that solar energy collection evaporimeter and finned evaporator combine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205939816U
CN205939816U CN201620915735.1U CN201620915735U CN205939816U CN 205939816 U CN205939816 U CN 205939816U CN 201620915735 U CN201620915735 U CN 201620915735U CN 205939816 U CN205939816 U CN 205939816U
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China
Prior art keywords
solar energy
heat pump
vaporizer
finned evaporator
energy heating
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Application number
CN201620915735.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
满宗辉
刘冠军
马光柏
徐杰
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Linuoruite new energy Co., Ltd. (Shanghai)
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Shandong Linuo Paradigma Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620915735.1U priority Critical patent/CN205939816U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a heat pump that solar energy collection evaporimeter and finned evaporator combine, including solar energy collection evaporimeter 9 and finned evaporator 10, solar energy collection evaporimeter 9 is installed in the place that acceptable sunshine penetrated directly, solar energy collection evaporimeter 9 adopts parallelly connected mode to be connected on hot pump line with finned evaporator 10, be equipped with 8 solenoid valves no. 1 on 9 pipelines in the solar energy collection evaporimeter, be equipped with 14 solenoid valves no. 2 on the finned evaporator 10 pipeline, the refrigerant of solar energy collection evaporimeter 9 import and export the copper pipe the heat pump inside respectively with hot pump line on cross valve 11 and 18 welding of solenoid valve, solar energy collection evaporimeter 9 passes through the solenoid valve with finned evaporator 10 and adjusts the refrigerant flow direction. The utility model discloses make full use of solar energy resource and air can the resources, bring into play respective advantage, the hot energy efficiency ratio of furthest's improvement heat pump.

Description

The heat pump that a kind of solar energy heating/vaporizer is combined with finned evaporator
Technical field
This utility model is related to the heat pump that a kind of solar energy heating/vaporizer is combined with finned evaporator, belongs to directly swollen The applied technical field that formula solar heat pump is combined with air energy heat pump.
Background technology
Thermal-arrest/the vaporizer of direct expanding solar heating pump, (solar spectral absorbance is upper surface brushing selective material 0.9), by the use of solar energy as the heat pump of evaporimeter thermal source, that is, refrigeration working medium directly absorbs too in solar thermal collector Positive radiation energy and evaporate, impact solar heat pump performance principal element be outdoor solar radiation (impact heat collector surface inhale Heat), outdoor environment temperature and outdoor wind speed (impact solar energy heating/evaporator surface heat convection and conduction of heat), solar energy Thermal-arrest/the vaporizer of heat pump is disadvantageous in that when solar irradiation is poor, due to be non-forced heat exchange and heat exchange area relatively Little, lead to heat pump performance undesirable;Regular air source heat pump water heater is using finned evaporator (forced heat-exchanging), is to utilize The principal element that air as the heat pump of evaporimeter thermal source, can affect air energy heat pump performance is outdoor environment temperature, wing Plate evaporator is disadvantageous in that heat pump performance is poor when solar irradiation is preferably and when outdoor temperature is relatively low.
Content of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is for solar heat pump in prior art and finned evaporator The defect existing, provides the heat pump that a kind of solar energy heating/vaporizer is combined with finned evaporator, plays respective advantage, Overcome its respective deficiency.
For solving this technical problem, this utility model provides a kind of solar energy heating/vaporizer and finned evaporation The heat pump that device combines, including solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 and finned evaporator 10, described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 is pacified It is contained in the place of acceptable direct sunlight, solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 is connected by the way of in parallel with finned evaporator 10 In heat pump circuits, solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 pipeline is provided with 8 electromagnetic valves one, and finned evaporator 10 pipeline is provided with 14 Electromagnetic valve two, the cold-producing medium of solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 import and export copper pipe inside heat pump respectively with heat pump circuits on four-way Valve 11 and electromagnetic valve 1 welding, solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 passes through electromagnetism valve regulation cold-producing medium stream with finned evaporator 10 To.
Described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 and the outer panel beating of finned evaporator 10 pass through hexagonal flange band cross recess self tapping Mode connects for screw is integral.
Described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 and the split type connection of finned evaporator 10.
The selective material that the external coating of described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 is homochromy with building body.
The species of described heat pump comprises normal temperature air source heat pump hot water, low-temperature air source heat pump hot water, normal temperature air Source heat pump cold and warm machine, low-temperature air source heat pump air conditioner.
Beneficial effect:This utility model is directed to solar energy heating/vaporizer with finned evaporator performance all by outdoor The impact of environment and the deficiency being individually present, assist raising using solar energy resources on the basis of the heat pump of regular air source The temperature of evaporator with heat pump side, makes full use of solar energy resources and air energy resource, plays respective advantage, carries to greatest extent The hot Energy Efficiency Ratio of high heat pump.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is systematic schematic diagram of the present utility model.
In figure:1 compressor, 2 gas-liquid separators, 3 double-tube heat exchangers, 4 plate type heat exchangers, 5 heat storage cans, 6 heating power expansion valves First, 7 two-way copper filters, 8 electromagnetic valves one, 9 solar energy heatings/vaporizer, 10 finned evaporators, 11 cross valves, 12 liquid sprays Electromagnetic valve, 13 bronze medal filters, 14 electromagnetic valves two, 15 electromagnetic valves three, 16 heating power expansion valves two.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment specifically describes to this utility model.
Fig. 1 show structural representation of the present utility model.
This utility model includes solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 and finned evaporator 10, described solar energy heating/evaporation Outer panel beating is integral by hexagonal flange band cross recess self-drilling connection with finned evaporator 10 for device 9.
Described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 is arranged on the place of acceptable direct sunlight.
Fig. 2 show systematic schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 is connected in heat pump circuits with finned evaporator 10 by the way of in parallel, Solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 pipeline is provided with electromagnetic valve 1, and finned evaporator 10 pipeline is provided with electromagnetic valve 2 14, the sun Can thermal-arrest/vaporizer 9 cold-producing medium import and export copper pipe inside heat pump respectively with heat pump circuits on cross valve 11 and electromagnetic valve One 8 welding, solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 passes through electromagnetism valve regulation refrigerant flow direction with finned evaporator 10.
Described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 and the split type connection of finned evaporator 10.
The selective material that the external coating of described solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 is homochromy with building body.
The species of described heat pump comprises normal temperature air source heat pump hot water, low-temperature air source heat pump hot water, normal temperature air Source heat pump cold and warm machine, low-temperature air source heat pump air conditioner.
Operation principle of the present utility model:
Heat principle:Gas freon is pressurizeed by compressor 1, becomes high temperature and high pressure gas, is entered by four-way change-over valve 11 Enter double pipe heat exchanger 3, condensation liquefaction heat release, become as liquid, water can be heated simultaneously.And liquid freon through heat storage can 5, (when arranging temperature and reaching setting value, liquid spray is electric to enter plate type heat exchanger 4 after copper filter 13, electromagnetic valve 3 15, heating power expansion valve 1 Magnet valve 12 is energized, open lead to liquid spray expansion valve pipeline, spray into liquid refrigerants into compressor 1, with reduce delivery temperature and Cooling motor), a small amount of cold-producing medium of worst cold case directly returns compressor 1 by plate type heat exchanger 4, and most of cold-producing medium is through overheated Power expansion valve 2 16 and two-way copper filter 7 enter vaporizer 9 or 10, evaporation gasification heat absorption, become gas, draw outdoor simultaneously The heat (or absorbing solar energy) of air.Through vaporizer refrigerant gas out, gas-liquid separation is entered by four-way change-over valve 11 Device 2, is again introduced into compressor 1 and starts next circulation.
Vaporizer switching principle:
The heat pump principle that the system schematic diagram is combined with solar energy heating/vaporizer for low-temperature air source heat pump hot water Figure, solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 passes through electromagnetism valve regulation refrigerant flow direction with finned evaporator 10.When solar irradiation is preferable, When the temperature of solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 is higher, solar energy heating/evaporator loop electromagnetic valve 1 is opened, electromagnetic valve 2 14 Close, through solar energy heating/evaporator loop, cold-producing medium mainly absorbs solar thermal energy to cold-producing medium stream;When solar irradiation is poor, too When the temperature of sun energy thermal-arrest/vaporizer 9 is relatively low, finned evaporator loop electromagnetic valve 2 14 is opened, and electromagnetic valve 1 cuts out, system Cryogen flows through finned evaporator 10, refrigerant suction air heat energy.
Start control principle:
Tw:Tank hot water's temperature
Twh:Set hot water maximum temperature
Ta:Ambient temperature
Te:Solar energy heating/evaporator surface temperature
Start under compressor off-mode, judge tank hot water's temperature Tw, if tank hot water's temperature Tw >=Twh, do not start Compressor 1, otherwise:
(1) if tank hot water temperature Tw≤25 DEG C:Start compressor 1;
(2) if 25 DEG C of < Tw≤35 DEG C of tank hot water's temperature:Judge ambient temperature and the temperature of solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 Degree.
When 10 DEG C of the temperature Te-Ta > of 0 DEG C of ambient temperature Ta > or solar energy heating/vaporizer 9 (represents ambient temperature not Too low or solar radiation is preferable), start compressor 1;
Otherwise (represent that ambient temperature is low and solar radiation is very poor) and do not start compressor 1;
(3) if 35 DEG C of ambient temperature Ta >:Judge ambient temperature and the temperature of solar energy heating/vaporizer 9.
As 15 DEG C of ambient temperature Ta >, start compressor 1;
When 5 DEG C≤Ta≤15 DEG C of ambient temperature, if 10 DEG C of the temperature Te-Ta > of solar energy heating/vaporizer 9, start pressure Contracting machine 1, does not otherwise start compressor 1;As 5 DEG C of ambient temperature Ta <, do not start compressor 1.
Shut down control principle:
Start in compressor operating, judge tank hot water's temperature Tw, if tank hot water's temperature Tw >=Twh, stop compressor 1, otherwise judge ambient temperature Ta:
(1) if ambient temperature Ta≤10 DEG C, set thermostat temperature as 35 DEG C, when tank hot water temperature Tw≤35 DEG C, compress Machine 1 continues to run with;As 35 DEG C of tank hot water temperature Tw >, judge temperature rise rate, if temperature rise rate meets or exceeds 3.5 DEG C/h, Compressor 1 continues to run with, and otherwise stops compressor 1;
(2) if 10 DEG C of < Ta≤15 DEG C of ambient temperature, set thermostat temperature as 40 DEG C, when tank hot water temperature Tw≤40 DEG C, compressor 1 continues to run with;As 40 DEG C of tank hot water temperature Tw >, judge temperature rise rate, if temperature rise rate meets or exceeds 3.5 DEG C/h, compressor 1 continues to run with, and otherwise stops compressor 1;
(3) if 15 DEG C of < Ta≤20 DEG C of ambient temperature, set thermostat temperature as 47 DEG C, when tank hot water temperature Tw≤47 DEG C, compressor 1 continues to run with;As 47 DEG C of tank hot water temperature Tw >, judge temperature rise rate, if temperature rise rate meets or exceeds 5 DEG C/h, compressor 1 continues to run with, and otherwise stops compressor 1;
(4) if 20 DEG C of ambient temperature Ta >, compressor 1 continues to run with until water temperature reaches hot water maximum temperature.
This utility model assists raising evaporator with heat pump on the basis of the heat pump of regular air source using solar energy resources The temperature of side, makes full use of solar energy resources and air energy resource, improves the hot Energy Efficiency Ratio of heat pump to greatest extent.
This utility model the embodiment above, is merely illustrative, and is not only, all in the range of this utility model Or the change in the range of equivalent this utility model all surrounded by this utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of solar energy heating/vaporizer is combined with finned evaporator heat pump it is characterised in that:Including solar energy collection Heat/vaporizer (9) and finned evaporator (10), described solar energy heating/vaporizer (9) is arranged on acceptable direct sunlight Place, solar energy heating/vaporizer (9) is connected in heat pump circuits with finned evaporator (10) by the way of in parallel, too Sun can be provided with electromagnetic valve one (8) by thermal-arrest/vaporizer (9) pipeline, and finned evaporator (10) pipeline is provided with electromagnetic valve two (14), solar energy heating/vaporizer (9) cold-producing medium import and export copper pipe inside heat pump respectively with heat pump circuits on cross valve (11) and electromagnetic valve one (8) welding, solar energy heating/vaporizer (9) and finned evaporator (10) pass through electromagnetism valve regulation system Cryogen flows to.
2. the heat pump that solar energy heating/vaporizer according to claim 1 is combined with finned evaporator, its feature exists In:Described solar energy heating/vaporizer (9) passes through hexagonal flange band cross recess self tapping spiral shell with the outer panel beating of finned evaporator (10) Nail connects integral.
3. the heat pump that solar energy heating/vaporizer according to claim 1 is combined with finned evaporator, its feature exists In:Described solar energy heating/vaporizer (9) and the split type connection of finned evaporator (10).
4. the heat pump that solar energy heating/vaporizer according to claim 1 is combined with finned evaporator, its feature exists In:The selective material that the external coating of described solar energy heating/vaporizer (9) is homochromy with building body.
5. the heat pump that the solar energy heating/vaporizer according to any one of claim 1-4 is combined with finned evaporator, its It is characterised by:The species of described heat pump comprises normal temperature air source heat pump hot water, low-temperature air source heat pump hot water, normal temperature air Source heat pump cold and warm machine, low-temperature air source heat pump air conditioner.
CN201620915735.1U 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Heat pump that solar energy collection evaporimeter and finned evaporator combine Active CN205939816U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201620915735.1U CN205939816U (en) 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Heat pump that solar energy collection evaporimeter and finned evaporator combine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106123396A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-16 山东力诺瑞特新能源有限公司 The heat pump that a kind of solar energy heating/vaporizer is combined with finned evaporator
CN109059325A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-21 山东阿尔普尔节能装备有限公司 A kind of composite solar low form air-cooled screw unit

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106123396A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-11-16 山东力诺瑞特新能源有限公司 The heat pump that a kind of solar energy heating/vaporizer is combined with finned evaporator
CN109059325A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-12-21 山东阿尔普尔节能装备有限公司 A kind of composite solar low form air-cooled screw unit

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180105

Address after: Qingpu District of Shanghai city in 201700 Huaqing Road No. 738

Patentee after: Linuoruite new energy Co., Ltd. (Shanghai)

Address before: Licheng District 250103 Shandong city of Ji'nan province by ten Road No. 30766

Patentee before: Shandong Linuo Paradigma Co., Ltd.