CN205933403U - Be suitable for revetment structure of river and lake shore hosepipe ecological remediation and quality of water purification - Google Patents

Be suitable for revetment structure of river and lake shore hosepipe ecological remediation and quality of water purification Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205933403U
CN205933403U CN201620904623.6U CN201620904623U CN205933403U CN 205933403 U CN205933403 U CN 205933403U CN 201620904623 U CN201620904623 U CN 201620904623U CN 205933403 U CN205933403 U CN 205933403U
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China
Prior art keywords
embankment
plant
river
hosepipe
layer
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CN201620904623.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任金亮
吴辰熙
吴金栋
关靖
虞功亮
袁彬鸿
周风华
闫大鹏
余雪
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Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
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Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620904623.6U priority Critical patent/CN205933403U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a be suitable for revetment structure of river and lake shore hosepipe ecological remediation and quality of water purification, include the embankment body of following shore hosepipe slope setting and be located the porosity concrete banket of embankment body toe department, embankment body include by the supreme geotechnological cloth layer that sets gradually, rubble loaded filter, porosity concrete -based layer and plant cultivation layer down, porosity concrete -based in situ interval is provided with a plurality of tabula roof beams, highest water level line and daily waterline height that plant cultivation layer corresponds the design divide upper segment, middle section and hypomere into, upper segment, middle section and hypomere are respectively for terrestrial plant nutrient media area, aquatic plant matrix area and alga biomembrane matrix area. The utility model discloses the embankment that can enough protect river and lake does not receive the erosion and washes in a pan the brush, can promote to be close to the recovering of hosepipe ecological community and the structure of aquatic attitude food chain again.

Description

It is suitable to the river and lake waterfront bank protection structure with restoration of the ecosystem and purification of water quality
Technical field
This utility model is related to ecology of water embankment technical field, especially relates to one kind and is suitable to river and lake waterfront band Restoration of the ecosystem and the bank protection structure of purification of water quality.
Background technology
With the continuous development of social economy, the continuous acceleration of urbanization process, river and lake are being sent out for human society Great ecology cost has also been paid in exhibition while contributing.Traditional water conservancy engineering adopts concrete, stone masonry etc. to waterfront Band carries out cure process, focuses on the impact that current scour causes to embankment, and have ignored aquatic ecosystem and land-based area ecosystem Material contact between system and energy exchange, make stretch of coastal water ecological damage.In order to carry out to impaired river and lake waterfront band Restoration of the ecosystem, typically carries out restoration of the ecosystem using in bank planting aquatic plants etc..But this repair mode requires to recover waters The soil property basic unit environment of littoral ecosystem, thus make waterfront band lose erosion resistibility, for the waterfront ground having flood control to require Duan Eryan, there is great potential safety hazard in this way.Meanwhile, affected by river, lake level, changes in flow rate, coastal water Plant can not obtain good growing environment.
Content of the invention
For solving problem above, this utility model provides that one kind is suitable to river and the band restoration of the ecosystem of lake waterfront is net with water quality The bank protection structure changed.
For achieving the above object, this utility model can take following technical proposals:
Described in the utility model it is suitable to the river and lake waterfront bank protection structure with restoration of the ecosystem and purification of water quality, including edge Embankment body and the blown-out concrete spats being located at described embankment body toe that waterfront band is obliquely installed, embankment body Including the geotechnological layer of cloth setting gradually from the bottom to top, rubble loaded filter, blown-out concrete basic unit and plant culture layer, described many It is arranged at intervals with multiple diaphragms, the maximum water level of the corresponding design of described plant culture layer and daily in permeability concrete base layer Waterline is highly divided into epimere, stage casing and hypomere, described epimere, stage casing and hypomere be respectively terrestrial plant nutrient matrix band, Water plant matrix belt and algae biofilm matrix belt.
What this utility model provided is suitable to the river and lake waterfront bank protection structure with restoration of the ecosystem and purification of water quality, many Multiple cultivation layers being suitable to aquatic plants growth are provided with permeability concrete base layer, had both considered using having erosion resistibility Blown-out concrete waterfront band is carried out reinforce stable, utilize the life that terrestrial plant, water plant and algae are formed simultaneously again State group is repaired and purification of water quality to waterfront band ecosystem.This utility model can either protect the embankment in river and lake Do not weather and scour, the recovery of waterfront band ecological community and the structure of Ecology food chain can be promoted again.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embankment body in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is A portion enlarged drawing in Fig. 2.
Specific embodiment
As Figure 1-3, described in the utility model it is suitable to the river and lake waterfront shield with restoration of the ecosystem and purification of water quality Bank structure, protects including the embankment body 1 being obliquely installed along waterfront band and the blown-out concrete being located at embankment body 1 toe Foot 2, above-mentioned embankment body 1(It is specifically shown in Fig. 2)Including the geotechnological layer of cloth 101 sequentially laid from the bottom to top, rubble loaded filter 102, Blown-out concrete basic unit 103 and plant culture layer.It is arranged at intervals with multiple armored concrete in blown-out concrete basic unit 103 With the diaphragm 104 of plain concrete, in order to strengthen the erosion resistibility to water body for the blown-out concrete basic unit 103.
The maximum water level 3 in the corresponding embankment body 1 place waters of plant culture layer and day normal water line 4 design load height quilt It is divided into epimere, stage casing and hypomere, described epimere, stage casing and hypomere are respectively terrestrial plant nutrient matrix band 105a, aquatic plant Thing matrix belt 105b and algae biofilm matrix belt 105c.Wherein, terrestrial plant nutrient matrix band 105a is located at maximum water level 3 More than, it is contained within the nutrient substance needed for terrestrial plant, for planting terrestrial plant;Water plant matrix belt 105b is located at Between high-water line 3 and day normal water line 4, it is by the hard layer of blown-out concrete, haydite, zeolite and mixing with soil Face, the root system development of plant of can feeding water provides good growing space, is mainly used in planting aquatic plants;Algae biofilm Matrix belt 105c is located at day normal water line below 4 throughout the year, is blown-out concrete, haydite, zeolite and the water conservation of cellular structure The hard aspect that agent mixes, its specific surface area is big, is easy to algae apposition growth and forms biomembrane, this algae biofilm can be inhaled Receive the polluter from water body to feed as idiotrophic, promote the recovery of ecosystem, carry out water body purification simultaneously.This Outward, submerged plant can also be grown in blown-out concrete spats 2.Above-mentioned terrestrial plant and water plant preferentially choose land race Take into account purification and landscape effect.
Generally speaking, terrestrial plant nutrient matrix band 105a, water plant matrix belt 105b and algae in this utility model On the plant culture layer that biofilm matrix band 105c is formed, growing plants can form biome, promotes waterfront band ecological Group recovers, Ecology food chain building;Meanwhile, water plant and algae have absorption and conversion work to nutrient substance in water body With purifying water;Secondly, the pollution of area source that formed when rainfall is through being made up of terrestrial plant, water plant and algae During levee slope surface, can be filtered and be purified;Again, blown-out concrete basic unit 103 toughness is high, anti-fatigue performance is superior, hold Load power is big, resistance to water erosion and washing away, and river and the levee slope in lake therefore can be made to keep firm, simultaneously can for zoobenthos and The space that Fish offer is looked for food and bred;Finally, planted by the plant that terrestrial plant band, aquatic plant zones and algae biofilm form Training layer, blown-out concrete basic unit 103, the embankment body 1 of 102 layers of composition of rubble anti-filter have permeability, can promote water body Carry out exchanges of mass and energy with the land of water body both sides.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of be suitable to the river and lake waterfront bank protection structure with restoration of the ecosystem and purification of water quality it is characterised in that:Including edge The embankment body that waterfront band is obliquely installed(1)And it is located at described embankment body(1)Blown-out concrete spats at toe (2), embankment body(1)Including the geotechnological layer of cloth setting gradually from the bottom to top(101), rubble loaded filter(102), porous coagulation Soil matrix layer(103)With plant culture layer, described blown-out concrete basic unit(103)Inside it is arranged at intervals with multiple diaphragms(104), The maximum water level of the corresponding design of described plant culture layer(3)With day normal water line(4)Highly be divided into epimere, stage casing and under Section, described epimere, stage casing and hypomere are respectively terrestrial plant nutrient matrix band(105a), water plant matrix belt(105b)And algae Class biofilm matrix band(105c).
CN201620904623.6U 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Be suitable for revetment structure of river and lake shore hosepipe ecological remediation and quality of water purification Active CN205933403U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620904623.6U CN205933403U (en) 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Be suitable for revetment structure of river and lake shore hosepipe ecological remediation and quality of water purification

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620904623.6U CN205933403U (en) 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 Be suitable for revetment structure of river and lake shore hosepipe ecological remediation and quality of water purification

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CN205933403U true CN205933403U (en) 2017-02-08

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107792946A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-13 郑州大学 Solid shore spats component of vegetation type for micro- polluted river strengthened denitrification and preparation method thereof
CN110156165A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-23 浙江省海洋技术服务中心 Ocean offshore artificial ecology wetland, substrate and substrate preparation method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107792946A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-03-13 郑州大学 Solid shore spats component of vegetation type for micro- polluted river strengthened denitrification and preparation method thereof
CN110156165A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-08-23 浙江省海洋技术服务中心 Ocean offshore artificial ecology wetland, substrate and substrate preparation method

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 450003 Jinshui Road 109, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province

Patentee after: Yellow River Survey Planning and Design Research Institute Co., Ltd.

Address before: 450003 Jinshui Road 109, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province

Patentee before: Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder