CN205864470U - A kind of calculating node for distributed computing network and distributed computing network - Google Patents

A kind of calculating node for distributed computing network and distributed computing network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205864470U
CN205864470U CN201620356950.2U CN201620356950U CN205864470U CN 205864470 U CN205864470 U CN 205864470U CN 201620356950 U CN201620356950 U CN 201620356950U CN 205864470 U CN205864470 U CN 205864470U
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China
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node
calculating
described
module
class
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CN201620356950.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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姜子炎
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邻元科技(北京)有限公司
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Priority to CN201520464754 priority
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of calculating node for distributed computing network and a kind of distributed computing network, described calculating node receives for having information, process, the minicomputer of sending function, described calculating node has external module, memory module, internal module and operating system module, there is on external module several A class interfaces, there is on internal module several B class interfaces, any one in the A class interface calculating node with another of in A class interface one interconnects and makes to calculate node and complete Distributed Calculation, B class interface is used for and other apparatus interconnections, described calculating network provides a kind of flattening, non-stop layer, the Internet of Things framework of self-organizing.

Description

A kind of calculating node for distributed computing network and distributed computing network

Technical field

This utility model relates to Internet of Things field, is specifically related to a kind of calculating node for distributed computing network and divides Cloth calculates network.

Background technology

Since the eighties in 20th century, people start with information technology and realize the intelligent automatic control of building, such as face To the broadcast stereo system of particular service functionality, IC-card management system, hotel guest room management system, energy monitoring management system, And towards the air-conditioner control system of particular mechatronic, safety-protection system, fire-fighting system, cold station control system, Electrical Safety system System etc., but problem is management control system of the prior art the most less " intelligent ", exceedes the building automatic control of half System can only realize remotely monitoring the operational factor of architectural environment and system equipment at central control room, and man-machine by middle control Interface manually start and stop or regulation electromechanical equipment running status.The hands of operations staff is still depended critically upon on such system parenchyma Dynamic operation, is not carried out automatization and intellectuality.The only building of only a few, it is possible to realize building aspect Automated condtrol and Management, including the optimal control within subsystems, and the integrating control between subsystem.

The basic reason causing this situation is the centralized framework of robot control system(RCS), as it is shown in figure 1, in prior art Robot control system(RCS) use centralized organizational structure, all terminal measuring control points (sensor, executor, field controller) all pass through Bus communication network connects, the information of the end of subsystems (illuminator, air conditioning system, fire-fighting system, safety-protection system) Although measuring control point is largely distributed in same building subspace, but carry out longitudinally hanging down according to different subsystems The most integrated, this centralized robot control system(RCS) has a following major defect:

1, the measuring control point of terminal needs to carry out global communication name, definition physical attribute and define association each other closing System, when observing and controlling is counted more, it is very big that the work of this situ configuration and configuration becomes workload, very difficult;This work Need could carry out after architecture construction completes and electromechanical equipment is in place, it is possible to use construction period the shortest, thus time storehouse Promote;When later stage architectural composition or function divide and change, robot control system(RCS) is difficult to change the most flexibly;

2, it is difficult to the real of information between each subsystem share, wants to realize cross-system information sharing it is necessary to showing If a new system is set up on the upper strata having dry systems, this is accomplished by re-starting the overall situation configuration and definition, difficulty and cost pole Height, is not suitable with building control intellectuality, information-based, the demand of front end;

3, self-controlled platform closing, poor universality, it is often the most individually designed for individual building for controlling software, thus right During system is transformed and extended, new control strategy is difficult on existing self-controlled platform realize simply flexibly.

4, the integrated difficulty of cross-system, existing robot control system(RCS) and platform compatibility is poor, hardware environment is unfriendly, it is desirable to open Originator has higher IT Professional knowledge, and the various control strategies run in robot control system(RCS) and control logic are (such as HVAC system Control strategy, the control strategy of fire-fighting system, the control strategy of safety-protection system) again often by the engineer of every field (heating and ventilation project teacher, FSE teacher etc.) formulate, and this engineer resulting in each field is difficult to be made Control strategy and control logic and be converted into the control software of robot control system(RCS), thus results in function that subsystems should realize very Difficulty is integrated in the middle of existing robot control system(RCS) and self-controlled platform.

Summary of the invention

This utility model is intended at least to solve one of technical problem present in prior art.There is provided a kind of flattening, The framework form of acentric Internet of Things and infrastructure, thus overcome the problem that centralized framework brought.

To this end, the utility model proposes a kind of calculating node for distributed computing network, described calculating node includes:

External module 10;

Internal module 20;

Memory module 30;

Operating system module 40;

Wherein said external module 10 has several A class interfaces, and described internal module has several B class interfaces;

Any one in described A class interface for calculating the A class interface of the described external module of node with another one In any one interconnection and interaction data;The B class interface of described internal module enters for other equipment with non-computational node Row communication;

Wherein, described external module 10 has computing function, described external module 10 by with other calculate node The data interaction of external module completes Distributed Calculation.

Further, described internal module 20 has computing function.

Further, the A class interface of described external module is specially 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8.

Further, interconnected by wired mode between the A class interface of described A class interface and other calculating nodes.

Further, wirelessly interconnect between the A class interface of described A class interface and other calculating nodes.

Further, by WIFI, Zigbee, RS485,433 or bluetooth approach between described B class interface and other equipment Carry out communication.

Further, other equipment of non-computational node include various sensor, executor, controller, smart machine.

This utility model also proposes a kind of distributed computing network, this network by of the present utility model for Distributed Calculation The calculating node of network is interconnected together.

This calculating node being used for distributed computing network and calculating network can be applied to build robot control system(RCS), will building Various sensors, executor, controller and the electromechanical equipment inside related to is interconnected and form a flattening, acentric, certainly The Internet of Things of tissue.Although it should be noted that the calculating node for distributed computing network that this utility model provides produces In and can apply to building automation field, but this is not intended that the restriction to protection domain of the present utility model, by this practicality The novel distributed computing network calculating node composition for distributed computing network is as a basic calculating net Network can also be applied to other field.

The calculating node (CPN) for distributed computing network that this utility model provides has following spy with calculating network Point:

1, space-oriented: each calculating node (CPN) is all mutual with a fundamental space unit or certain electromechanical equipment Association, locational space information, relative position relation or the topological relation that fundamental space unit or electromechanical equipment are had can be certainly But on the calculating network that so terrain presently described calculating node (CPN) and calculating node are constituted, thus there is rapid deployment Advantage, it is possible to remove the magnanimity of original control system from and field wiring repeatedly, adaptation, the work debugging, define, save a large amount of Manpower;

2, standardization: calculate node by carrying out data interaction with fundamental space unit or electromechanical equipment and automatically identify it The equipment connected, it is possible to realize plug and play, identifies automatically;

3, non-stop layer calculates: the whole calculating network system constituted due to the calculating node (CPN) of distributed computing network Being flattening, non-stop layer, the complete equality in status of each node, each node has computing capability, each node Between by data interaction complete in a distributed manner the overall situation calculating;

Accompanying drawing explanation

Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present utility model and advantage are from combining general the accompanying drawings below description to embodiment Become obvious and easy to understand, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the composition structural representation calculating node for distributed computing network of embodiment of the present utility model Figure.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the distributed computing network of embodiment of the present utility model.

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram calculating node and DCS annexation of embodiment of the present utility model.

Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram calculating node and the another kind of annexation of DCS of embodiment of the present utility model.

Fig. 5 is that calculating network application of the present utility model is in the schematic diagram of real case.

Detailed description of the invention

In conjunction with Fig. 1, a kind of calculating node for distributed computing network of this practical information includes external module 10, interior Portion's module 20, memory module 30, operating system module 40, described external module 10 is for having computing function and the information processing function Equipment, such as CPU or logic computer, internal module 20 is for carrying out data communication with other equipment, and memory module 30 possesses The storage function of information, operating system module 40 can be common various operating systems or programmer's designed, designed exploitation and energy It is enough in the operating system of distributed computing network.

Described external module 10 has several A class interfaces, and described internal module has several B class interfaces;Described A class Any one in interface any one interconnection in the A class interface calculating the described external module of node with another one And interaction data complete acentric distributed calculating;The B class interface of described internal module is used for and non-computational node Other equipment carry out data exchange and communication, and wherein the major function of internal module is communication.

In the embodiment of still further aspect of the present utility model, internal module also has computing function, as with non-meter Other equipment of operator node carry out auxiliary to calculative content after carrying out communication and calculate.

The A class interface of described external module is specially one or more, is specifically as follows 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 Individual or 7 or 8.Wherein 6 is most preferred embodiment, and the fundamental space unit that its reason is in building can be abstract for having The cube in six faces, has neighbours adjacent in six topologys of up, down, left, right, before and after, thus will calculate the calculating of node The A class interface of module is set to 6 and represents and calculate fundamental space unit representated by node at most and other 6 fundamental space lists Unit's topology is adjacent, and this disclosure satisfy that the primary demand of building control, and this is not intended that this utility model protection domain certainly Limiting, the quantity of A class interface can the most arbitrarily be arranged.

Further, interconnected by wired mode between the A class interface of described A class interface and other calculating nodes.Such as Can be interconnected by the A class interface that two calculate between node by netting twine, wired connected mode ensure that data pass Defeated safety and effectiveness, but it is understood that can also wirelessly be interconnected between A class interface.

Communication, such as WIFI, Zigbee can be carried out by wired or wireless between described B class interface and other equipment Or RS485,433, the mode such as bluetooth, such as calculate node based on Wifi and the various controllers in space unit, sensing Device, executor's interconnection, calculate node and got up by the information of various controllers, sensor, and the calculating node being adjacent Carry out data interaction and common calculating, transfer data to various controller, sensor after result of calculation to be obtained again or hold Row device, realizes the realization of Internet of Things basic framework in this way.

Calculating node (CPN) and have space attribute, space attribute is presented as the absolute space position calculating node (CPN) place Put and/or calculate the node (CPN) relative tertiary location in residing topological network.

The calculating network that calculating node (CPN) is interconnected and form defines a big computer, and calculating process is distributed in often In individual calculating node (CPN);Single calculating node oneself can also be one and have comprehensive information processing, operation computing capability Computer, but the ability processing information and calculating is more weak, the system formed after the interconnection of multiple calculating nodes possesses higher Information storage, the ability that calculates and communicate.

The B class communication interface calculating node can also be mutual with area control system (District Control System) Connection.And described area control system and certain fundamental space unit (subspace such as building: office, a corridor etc. between) Or certain electromechanical equipment (such as cold, water pump etc.) is associated, area control system is used for collecting described subspace or electromechanical equipment All observing and controlling information or for controlling the controller relevant to subspace or electromechanical equipment or executor.

The communication modes calculated between node (CPN) and area control system (DCS) includes but not limited to following two:

The first communication modes combines shown in Fig. 3:

The zone controller (DCU) calculated in node and DCS directly carries out data interaction, DCU again with each controller, biography Sensor or executor carry out data interaction, described DCU and each controller, sensor or executor and constitute master slave relation.

The second communication modes combines shown in Fig. 4:

Zone controller (DCU) in DCS and each controller, sensor, executor or lamp, BAIYE, FCU smart machine For being co-located at (can be a LAN) on a Lan, calculate node and interconnect with Lan, Information all can be carried out between described CPN, DCU and each controller, sensor, executor or lamp, BAIYE, FCU smart machine Alternately, without master slave relation between above-mentioned each parts.

Communication modes between CPN and DCS supports multiple kinds, so that CPN can be with currently available technology In all kinds of DCU products compatible.

Additionally i.e. can increase a module being equivalent to DCU in CPN by the Function Integration Mechanism of DCU to CPN, should Module is corresponding with the subspace of building or electromechanical equipment, collects relevant information or performs relevant control.

The network that each CPN interconnection is formed belongs to the tangible network in a physical significance, and it is to objective thing The representative of network, the calculating network that such as CPN is formed can be with transportation network, air flow network, heat transfer meshes in agent's room Network, distribution system, air-conditioner water system, running water system, hot water supply system, air conditioning duct system, smoke-discharging and ventilating system, new wind system System, fuel gas supply system, cold station, thermal substation etc..

The distributed calculating network system provided by this utility model, is combined with DCS or logical calculating node (CPN) That time of news, DCS self with space attribute (DCS or be a fundamental space unit, i.e. one room or walk Corridor, or being that an electromechanical equipment, fundamental space unit or electromechanical equipment are natural has position or space attribute) just from but So being mapped in the middle of CPN, the network formed after CPN networking is also the formation of an Internet of Things with space attribute.

Fig. 5 be calculating network application of the present utility model in the schematic diagram of real case, show a kind of cold station on the left of Fig. 5 In cold, water pump, the connection diagram of end-equipment, each cold, water pump, end-equipment all to one calculate node relevant Connection, all of calculating node is interconnected and form one according to certain topological relation and calculates network, and the most described calculating network just represents The Internet of Things of all devices in this cold station.

Claims (8)

1., for a calculating node for distributed computing network, described calculating node includes:
External module (10);
Internal module (20);
Memory module (30);
Operating system module (40);
Wherein said external module (10) has several A class interfaces, and described internal module has several B class interfaces;
Any one in described A class interface is in the A class interface calculating the described external module of node with another one Any one interconnection interaction data;The B class interface of described internal module leads to for other equipment with non-computational node News;
Wherein, described external module (10) has computing function, described external module (10) by with other calculate node The data interaction of external module completes Distributed Calculation.
Calculating node the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described internal module (20) has computing function.
Calculating node the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the A class interface of described external module be specially 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8.
Calculating node the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the A class that described A class interface calculates node with other connects Interconnected by wired mode between Kou.
Calculating node the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the A class that described A class interface calculates node with other connects Wirelessly interconnect between Kou.
Calculating node the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: pass through between described B class interface and other equipment WIFI, Zigbee, RS485,433 or bluetooth approach carry out communication.
Calculating node the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: other equipment of non-computational node include various sensing Device, executor, controller, smart machine.
8. a distributed computing network, it is used for the calculating of distributed computing network by any one described in claim 1-7 Node is interconnected together.
CN201620356950.2U 2015-06-30 2016-04-26 A kind of calculating node for distributed computing network and distributed computing network CN205864470U (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2015204646573 2015-06-30
CN201520464657 2015-06-30
CN201520464754 2015-06-30
CN2015204647542 2015-06-30

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107450434A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-12-08 山东建筑大学 A kind of intelligent node, automatic building control system and method based on two grade network

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107450434A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-12-08 山东建筑大学 A kind of intelligent node, automatic building control system and method based on two grade network

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