CN205847980U - A kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine - Google Patents

A kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205847980U
CN205847980U CN201620865285.XU CN201620865285U CN205847980U CN 205847980 U CN205847980 U CN 205847980U CN 201620865285 U CN201620865285 U CN 201620865285U CN 205847980 U CN205847980 U CN 205847980U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer
wheel
frame
feed
sieve plate
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620865285.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱劲澎
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XINXIANG GRAND PHARMACEUTICAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
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XINXIANG GRAND PHARMACEUTICAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Application filed by XINXIANG GRAND PHARMACEUTICAL MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical XINXIANG GRAND PHARMACEUTICAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201620865285.XU priority Critical patent/CN205847980U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205847980U publication Critical patent/CN205847980U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

nullThis utility model relates to self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine,Can effectively solve existing root digger inefficiency,Screening effect is undesirable,The problem that limitation is big,Technical scheme is,The driver's cabin including chassis and being arranged on chassis and frame,Equipped with road wheel on chassis,The first conveyer device driven by the engine it is respectively arranged with in frame、Second conveyer device、Vibrosieve and spiral conveyer,Location hack feed arrangement it is provided with on the feed end of the first conveyer device,The discharge end of the first conveyer device and the second conveyer device feed end are connected,The discharge end of the second conveyer device is connected with the feed end of vibrosieve,The discharge end of vibrosieve is connected with feed end and the feed end gathering in the crops case being arranged in frame of spiral conveyer respectively,This utility model novel structure is unique,Advantages of simple,Easily operation,Screening effect is good,Work efficiency is high,Applied widely,Easy to use、Effective,It it is the innovation on shallow rootstock harvester equipment.

Description

A kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine
Technical field
This utility model relates to agricultural machinery, and a kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine, shallow rhizome refers to Be the rhizome degree of depth crop that is not more than 15cm, such as Cyperus esculentus, Rhizoma Arisaematis, the Rhizoma Pinelliae, Rhizoma Corydalis, Bulbus Fritillariae Uninbracteatae, trailing plants silk dish, Radix Pseudostellariae etc..
Background technology
In the past when shallow root crop excavates, it is generally required to excavate manually, labor intensity is big, efficiency is low.Now Occurring in that some root diggers on market, substantially increase the efficiency of excavation, reduce labor intensity, such as utility model, people exists " the Cyperus esculentus combined harvester " of the Application No. " 201320772694.1 " of first to file but due to the problem in its structure, be suitable for Scope is little, is only used for a kind of root crop, and it is low to go out clean rate, usually makes fruit miss between gap, and screening effect is not Ideal, causes serious economic loss, and due to for towed, when fruit harvest to constant weight, light rear weight before causing, Anterior tilting, therefore, 1 mu of ground needs to unload fruit 3-4 time, inefficiency, and using effect is unsatisfactory.Therefore, its improve and It is imperative to innovate.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned situation, for overcoming the defect of prior art, the purpose of this utility model is just to provide a kind of self-propelled Shallow rootstalk combine, can effectively solve existing root digger inefficiency, and screening effect is undesirable, and limitation is big Problem.
The technical scheme that this utility model solves is, a kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine, including chassis and setting Put the driver's cabin on chassis and frame, equipped with road wheel on chassis, frame is respectively arranged with driven by the engine first Conveyer device, the second conveyer device, vibrosieve and spiral conveyer, the feed end of the first conveyer device is provided with location broken Soil feed arrangement, the discharge end of the first conveyer device and the second conveyer device feed end are connected, the discharge end of the second conveyer device Be connected with the feed end of vibrosieve, the discharge end of vibrosieve respectively with the feed end of spiral conveyer and being arranged in frame The feed end of results case is connected;
Described location hack feed arrangement includes support and the hack cutter shaft being contained on support, limits deep arm and the cutter that loosens the soil, The cutter that loosens the soil is arranged on the front portion of the first conveyer device feed end, and hack cutter shaft is arranged on above the cutter that loosens the soil, on hack cutter shaft equipped with The hack cutter rotated, the one end limiting deep arm is hinged with support, and the other end forward extends out the front end of hack cutter, and the end stretched out sets It is equipped with the gauge wheel of rotation, support is provided with DOCK LEVELER, DOCK LEVELER has multiple height adjusting holes, limit deep arm Middle part pin in being installed on height adjusting holes is connected with DOCK LEVELER, constitutes the height adjusting structure limiting deep arm;
The first described conveyer device include first before delivery wheel, after first delivery wheel and before being contained in first delivery wheel, The first conveyer belt on delivery wheel after first, the second described conveyer device include second before delivery wheel, after second delivery wheel and Around being contained in delivery wheel before second, the second conveyer belt on delivery wheel after second;
Described vibrosieve includes upper strata sieve plate, lower floor's sieve plate, eccentric, shaker arm and hanging arm, upper strata sieve plate and under Layer sieve plate is gone to upper and lower alternate setting by the connecting plate of side and links together, and eccentric is provided with eccentric block, and eccentric block is through shaking Swing arm is connected with connecting plate, and sieve plate is connected with being contained in frame hanging scroll of hanging oneself through hanging arm, composition upper strata sieve plate, the shaking of lower floor's sieve plate Dynamic formula structure for conveying;The discharge end of upper strata sieve plate is connected with the feed end of spiral conveyer, the discharge end of lower floor's sieve plate and receipts The feed end obtaining case is connected;
Described spiral conveyer includes housing and the screw-conveyer-shaft being contained in housing, equipped with conveyor screw on screw-conveyer-shaft.
This utility model novel structure is unique, and advantages of simple easily operates, and screening effect is good, and work efficiency is high, the scope of application Extensively, easy to use, effective, it is the innovation on shallow rootstock harvester equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in further detail.
Being given by Fig. 1, this utility model includes chassis and the driver's cabin 14 being arranged on chassis and frame 41, and chassis fills Have road wheel 20,22, frame is respectively arranged with driven by electromotor 24 the first conveyer device, the second conveyer device, vibration Sieve and spiral conveyer, the feed end of the first conveyer device is provided with location hack feed arrangement, the first conveyer device Discharge end and the second conveyer device feed end are connected, and the discharge end of the second conveyer device is connected with the feed end of vibrosieve, vibration The discharge end of sieve is connected with feed end and the feed end gathering in the crops case being arranged in frame of spiral conveyer respectively;
Described location hack feed arrangement includes support 1 and the hack cutter shaft 6 being contained on support, limits deep arm 4 and loosen the soil Cutter 5, the cutter 5 that loosens the soil is arranged on the front portion of the first conveyer device feed end, and hack cutter shaft is arranged on above the cutter that loosens the soil, hack cutter shaft 6 On equipped with rotate hack cutter 7, the one end limiting deep arm 4 is hinged with support, and the other end forward extends out the front end of hack cutter, stretches out It is provided with the gauge wheel 2 of rotation on end, support is provided with DOCK LEVELER 3, DOCK LEVELER 3 has multiple altitude mixture control Hole, limits the middle part of deep arm 4 pin in being installed on height adjusting holes and is connected with DOCK LEVELER 3, constitute the height limiting deep arm 4 Adjustment structure;
The first described conveyer device include first before delivery wheel 9 and carrying before being contained in first after delivery wheel 10, first Wheel, the first conveyer belt 11 on delivery wheel after first, the second described conveyer device is defeated after delivery wheel 32, second before including second Send wheel 31 and around being contained in delivery wheel before second, the second conveyer belt 33 on delivery wheel after second;
Described vibrosieve includes upper strata sieve plate 35a, lower floor sieve plate 35b, eccentric 37, shaker arm 39 and hanging arm 36, Upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate are gone to upper and lower alternate setting by the connecting plate of side and link together, and eccentric 37 are provided with partially Heart block 38, eccentric block is connected with connecting plate through shaker arm, and sieve plate is connected with being contained in frame hanging scroll 23 of hanging oneself through hanging arm 36, composition Upper strata sieve plate, the vibration type structure for conveying of lower floor's sieve plate;The discharge end of upper strata sieve plate is connected with the feed end of spiral conveyer, The discharge end of lower floor's sieve plate is connected with the feed end of results case;
Described spiral conveyer includes housing 15 and the screw-conveyer-shaft 42 being contained in housing, equipped with conveying on screw-conveyer-shaft 42 Spiral 43.
In order to ensure using effect, equipped with the first breast wheel 25, the first breast wheel on the output shaft of described electromotor 24 25 are connected with clutch 17 through the second breast wheel 26, and clutch 17 is connected with the change speed gear box 16 driving road wheel 20 to rotate, and constitute The walking structure of frame;
Equipped with the first breast wheel 25 on the output shaft of described electromotor 24, the first breast wheel 25 is through tightening belt 53 and dress The 3rd breast wheel 27 in frame is connected, and electromotor or frame be provided with lever 21, one end of lever 21 be placed in tensioning Regulating wheel 48 above belt 53 is connected, and the other end is connected with the first hydraulic cylinder 49 being contained in frame, constitutes electromotor lifting The power output structure of tension type;3rd breast wheel 27 the 4th breast wheel 28 through engaging respectively with the 5th breast wheel 23, Delivery wheel 31 after second, eccentric 37 are connected, and the 5th breast wheel 23 delivery wheel 9 after belt and first is connected, and respectively constitute the One conveyer device, the second conveyer device and the power output structure of vibrosieve;
The delivery wheel 9 first vibrating wheels 12 between belt and the first conveyer belt 11 being arranged on annular after described first Being connected, the 4th breast wheel 28 is connected with the second vibrating wheels 34 being arranged between annular second conveyer belt 33 through belt, respectively structure Become the first conveyer belt and the vibrational structure of the second conveyer belt;
Be provided with the directive wheel 8 engaged in described vibrating wheels 12, directive wheel 8 through chain respectively be contained in hack cutter Sprocket wheel on axle 6, it is placed in the hack roller 13 above the first conveyer belt and is connected;
After described second, delivery wheel 31 is connected with screw-conveyer-shaft 42 through the 7th breast wheel 40, constitutes the dynamic of spiral conveyer Power input equipment;
Described upper strata sieve plate 35a includes upper strata screen frame (unit) and the upper screen cloth being contained on the screen frame (unit) of upper strata, and the grid of upper screen cloth is 20 × 20mm, described lower floor sieve plate 35b include lower floor's screen frame (unit) and the lower screen cloth being contained on lower floor's screen frame (unit), the grid of lower screen cloth be 8 × 8mm;
Described results case includes that casing 44, casing 44 nock are provided with charging aperture, and rear portion is provided with discharging opening, goes out It is provided with the cover plate 51 of upset on material mouth, in casing, is provided with the second hydraulic cylinder 47 for opening, close cover plate, box bottom Being provided with pulley 45, frame is provided with the track corresponding with pulley, pulley is placed in track, frame is provided with and casing The 3rd hydraulic cylinder 46 being connected, constitutes the Sliding Control structure of casing;
The support 1 of described location hack feed arrangement is hinged with frame, is provided with regulation support between support and frame 4th hydraulic cylinder 50 of angle;
Described conveyer belt is the " a kind of for rhizome of the Application No. " 201620037713.X " of applicant's online application The conveyer belt of excavator ".
Service condition of the present utility model is: after electromotor 24 starts, in the middle of first be contained on the output shaft of electromotor Wheel 25 drives clutch 17 by the second breast wheel 26, just can walk after putting into gear, by stretching of regulation the 4th hydraulic cylinder 50, The support 1 making location hack feed arrangement declines, and utilizes the cutter that loosens the soil above the first conveyer device feed end to enter in soil, regulation The height of gauge wheel, limits the degree of depth that a fruit gathered in the crops with needs adapts, and controls the first hydraulic cylinder 49 and stretches, makes tensioning Wheel 48 is pressed downward against tight tightening belt 53, thus drives all parts to operate by the 3rd breast wheel 27,
The cutter that loosens the soil inserts in soil, is shoveled out by rhizome fruit from soil, and hack swivel moves, by bigger soil block and rhizome Fruit shreds, and rhizome fruit and soil block is dialled in on the first conveyer belt, defeated from first under the effect of the first vibrating wheels 12 Send band mesh miss a part, then these soil blocks are further rolled by the hack roller through the first conveyer belt top, The soil block of crushing enters the second conveyer belt, together with rhizome fruit under the effect of the second vibrating wheels 34 on the second conveyer belt Mesh misses a part, the most probably can screen out soil and the stone of 50%, and remaining soil, stone and rhizome fruit are from the second conveying The discharge end of band enters the upper strata sieve plate 35a of vibrosieve, carries out secondary separation, and rhizome fruit is fallen from the mesh of upper strata sieve plate Layer sieve plate 35b, and remaining soil, stone, weeds etc. are sent into spiral conveyer from the discharge end of upper strata sieve plate and discharge, rhizome fruit Real entrance from the discharge end of lower floor's sieve plate gathers in the crops case, completes the results of rhizome fruit, and results case is released by the 3rd hydraulic cylinder 46, Second hydraulic cylinder 47 raises cover plate can realize blowing.Compared with prior art, this utility model has the advantage that
1, for self propelled harvester, when therefore avoiding results, after light before the overweight generation of rhizome fruit, nothing is heavily caused Method work situation, now with the every 0.07 hectare of towed cropper need blowing 3-4 time, the every 1-1.5 mu of ground of this utility model Only need blowing 1 time, substantially increase work efficiency;
2, have employed front-seat Dual-conveying tall band, considerably increase the length of initially-separate, from the second conveyer belt out after, can divide From the soil of 50%, lay a good foundation for final screening effect, it is ensured that final goes out clean rate;
3, add location hack feed arrangement in front end, thus restriction one can be adjusted according to different types of rhizome fruit The degree of depth that individual and needs results fruits adapt, range is wide.
In a word, this utility model structure is unique, integrate excavate hack, broken, separate, screen, reclaim several functions, Can be suitably used for various soil property and the results of shallow rhizome, and conveniently moving, screening effect is good, and efficiency is greatly improved, before popularization Jing great, has good Social and economic benef@.

Claims (9)

1. a self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine, the driver's cabin (14) including chassis and being arranged on chassis and frame (41), equipped with road wheel (20,22) on chassis, it is characterised in that be respectively arranged with in frame by determining that electromotor (24) drives Position hack feed arrangement, the first conveyer device, the second conveyer device, vibrosieve and spiral conveyer, the first conveyer device It is provided with location hack feed arrangement, the discharge end of the first conveyer device and the second conveyer device feed end on feed end to be connected, The discharge end of the second conveyer device is connected with the feed end of vibrosieve, the discharge end of vibrosieve respectively with the entering of spiral conveyer Material end is connected with the feed end of the results case being arranged in frame;
Described location hack feed arrangement includes support (1) and the hack cutter shaft (6) being contained on support, limits deep arm (4) and pine Soil cutter (5), the cutter that loosens the soil (5) is arranged on the front portion of the first conveyer device feed end, and hack cutter shaft is arranged on above the cutter that loosens the soil, hack Equipped with the hack cutter (7) rotated on cutter shaft (6), the one end limiting deep arm (4) is hinged with support, and the other end forward extends out hack cutter Front end, the end stretched out is provided with the gauge wheel (2) of rotation, support is provided with DOCK LEVELER (3), DOCK LEVELER (3) there is multiple height adjusting holes on, limit the middle part of deep arm (4) pin in being installed on height adjusting holes and DOCK LEVELER (3) it is connected, constitutes the height adjusting structure limiting deep arm (4);
The first described conveyer device include first before delivery wheel (10), delivery wheel (9) and carrying before being contained in first after first Wheel, the first conveyer belt (11) on delivery wheel after first, the second described conveyer device include second before delivery wheel (32), second Rear delivery wheel (31) and around being contained in delivery wheel before second, the second conveyer belt (33) on delivery wheel after second;
Described vibrosieve includes upper strata sieve plate (35a), lower floor's sieve plate (35b), eccentric (37), shaker arm (39) and hanging arm (36), upper strata sieve plate and lower floor's sieve plate are gone to upper and lower alternate setting by the connecting plate of side and link together, and eccentric sets on (37) Being equipped with eccentric block (38), eccentric block is connected with connecting plate through shaker arm, sieve plate through hanging arm (36) be contained in frame and hang oneself hanging scroll (23) it is connected, constitutes upper strata sieve plate, the vibration type structure for conveying of lower floor's sieve plate;The discharge end of upper strata sieve plate and spiral conveyer Feed end be connected, the discharge end of lower floor's sieve plate with results case feed end be connected;
Described spiral conveyer includes housing (15) and the screw-conveyer-shaft (42) being contained in housing, equipped with defeated on screw-conveyer-shaft (42) Square auger (43).
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described electromotor (24) Output shaft on be connected with clutch (17) through the second breast wheel (26) equipped with the first breast wheel (25), the first breast wheel (25), Clutch (17) is connected with the change speed gear box (16) driving road wheel (20) to rotate, and constitutes the walking structure of frame.
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described electromotor (24) Output shaft on equipped with the first breast wheel (25), the first breast wheel (25) through tightening belt (53) with in the 3rd be contained in frame Between take turns (27) and be connected, electromotor or frame be provided with lever (21), one end of lever (21) be placed on tightening belt (53) The regulating wheel (48) of side is connected, and the other end is connected with the first hydraulic cylinder (49) being contained in frame, constitutes electromotor lifting tensioning The power output structure of formula;3rd breast wheel (27) the 4th breast wheel (28) through engaging respectively with the 5th breast wheel (23), delivery wheel (31), eccentric (37) are connected after second, the 5th breast wheel (23) delivery wheel (9) phase after belt and first Even, the first conveyer device, the second conveyer device and the power output structure of vibrosieve are respectively constituted.
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that carry after described first The wheel (9) the first vibrating wheels (12) between belt with the first conveyer belt (11) being arranged on annular is connected, the 4th breast wheel (28) it is connected with the second vibrating wheels (34) being arranged between annular second conveyer belt (33) through belt, respectively constitutes the first conveying Band and the vibrational structure of the second conveyer belt.
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described vibrating wheels (12) On be provided with the directive wheel (8) engaged, directive wheel (8) through chain respectively with the sprocket wheel being contained on hack cutter shaft (6), be placed in Hack roller (13) above first conveyer belt is connected.
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that carry after described second Wheel (31) is connected with screw-conveyer-shaft (42) through the 7th breast wheel (40), constitutes the power input device of spiral conveyer.
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described upper strata sieve plate (35a) including upper strata screen frame (unit) and the upper screen cloth being contained on the screen frame (unit) of upper strata, the grid of upper screen cloth is 20 × 20mm, described lower floor sieve plate (35b) including lower floor's screen frame (unit) and the lower screen cloth being contained on lower floor's screen frame (unit), the grid of lower screen cloth is 8 × 8mm.
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described results case includes Casing (44), casing (44) nock is provided with charging aperture, and rear portion is provided with discharging opening, and discharging opening is provided with the lid of upset Plate (51), is provided with the second hydraulic cylinder (47) for opening, close cover plate in casing, box bottom is provided with pulley (45), Being provided with the track corresponding with pulley in frame, pulley is placed in track, and frame is provided with the 3rd liquid being connected with casing Cylinder pressure (46), constitutes the Sliding Control structure of casing.
Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described location hack enters The support (1) of material device is hinged with frame, is provided with the 4th hydraulic cylinder (50) of regulation support angle between support and frame.
CN201620865285.XU 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine Withdrawn - After Issue CN205847980U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620865285.XU CN205847980U (en) 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620865285.XU CN205847980U (en) 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine

Publications (1)

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CN205847980U true CN205847980U (en) 2017-01-04

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CN201620865285.XU Withdrawn - After Issue CN205847980U (en) 2016-08-11 2016-08-11 A kind of self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106068879A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 新乡地隆药业机械有限公司 Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine
CN111422600A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-17 王震 Civil engineering material conveyor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106068879A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-11-09 新乡地隆药业机械有限公司 Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine
CN106068879B (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-11-03 新乡地隆药业机械有限公司 Self-propelled shallow rootstalk combine
CN111422600A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-17 王震 Civil engineering material conveyor
CN111422600B (en) * 2020-04-13 2021-11-16 安徽诚意电气科技有限公司 Civil engineering material conveyor

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Granted publication date: 20170104

Effective date of abandoning: 20171103