CN205847130U - A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat - Google Patents

A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205847130U
CN205847130U CN201620685106.4U CN201620685106U CN205847130U CN 205847130 U CN205847130 U CN 205847130U CN 201620685106 U CN201620685106 U CN 201620685106U CN 205847130 U CN205847130 U CN 205847130U
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China
Prior art keywords
compressor
interlayer
water
heat
semiconductor temperature
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201620685106.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱焕杰
张陈泽宇
曾繁宏
陈善荣
郑炫华
韦圣文
张佳劲
陈渊睿
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat, including compressor of air conditioner, temperature-difference power generation module, water-cooled module and energy supply control module.Temperature-difference power generation module is mainly made up of some aluminium alloy elements and some semiconductor temperature differential generating sheets, and aluminium alloy element tight compressor is passed through to obtain heat in semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet hot junction.Water-cooled module is provided with aluminum alloy interlayer, small-power water pump, conduit and water tank, and the cold end of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet is wrapped up by aluminum alloy interlayer, and the cooling water in interlayer uses water pump to be circulated by external water tank, takes away rapidly cold end heat.This device can make the cold and hot two ends of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet keep a fixed difference difference, heat of compressor can be converted to electric energy export through energy supply control module, also in summer compressor can be played certain thermolysis, improve its work efficiency and extend its life-span, in winter, then compressor is played certain insulation effect, it is ensured that its internal lubrication.

Description

A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat
Technical field
This utility model relates to air-conditioning thermoelectric generation field, particularly to a kind of temperature utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat Difference TRT.
Background technology
At present, thermoelectric generation application on air-conditioning is less, and prior art there is also some shortcomings: due to compressor In cylinder and ready-made semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet inflexibility, directly with water bag, thermo-electric generation sheet is wrapped in compressor table Face, it is impossible to allow semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet fit compressor surface completely thus cause it hot junction Heat-collecting effect is poor, temperature is inadequate High;Owing to the condensed water of air-conditioning internal machine produces speed compared with slow and the water yield is little, flow velocity slow, utilize condensed water to semiconductor temperature differential generating The cold end of sheet dispels the heat, it is impossible to taking away rapidly the heat from hot junction conduction to cold end, radiating effect is poor, causes in cold junction temperature Rise, and then cause cold warm end temperature difference to reduce making generated energy reduce;Only with serial or parallel connection side between semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet Formula connects, and circuit reliability is low, and non-transformer control module, it is impossible to ensureing with maximum power output, efficiency is low.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned existing air-conditioning thermoelectric generation, this utility model provides one and utilizes air-conditioning pressure The temperature difference electricity generation device of contracting machine waste heat, have employed a kind of cylinder mode, and concrete technical scheme is as follows.
A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat, including compressor of air conditioner, temperature-difference power generation module, water-cooled Module and energy supply control module, temperature-difference power generation module and water-cooled module use cylinder mode, if temperature-difference power generation module mainly by Dry aluminium alloy element and some semiconductor temperature differential generating sheets are constituted, and semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet hot junction is wrapped up by aluminium alloy element On the compressor to obtain heat;Water-cooled module is provided with aluminum alloy interlayer, water pump, conduit and water tank, semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet Cold end is wrapped up by aluminum alloy interlayer, and the cooling water in interlayer uses described water pump and conduit by external described water tank recycle stream Dynamic, take away rapidly cold end heat, make the cold and hot two ends of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet keep predetermined temperature difference, produce electric energy, through power supply Control module exports.
Further, between semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet, connected mode is a kind of square based on buck-boost changer Battle array connected mode, after connection, two ends are provided with both positive and negative polarity and draw wiring and be connected with energy supply control module, and energy supply control module is with High-power some following function, and be provided with extraction wiring power for water pump and supplying power for outside.
Further, cylinder mode innermost layer is some aluminium alloy elements, and every piece of aluminium alloy element is plate-shaped, its area Two maximum sides, wherein one side has radian, can fit with compressor damaged surface, and another side is then without radian, aluminum Alloy components forms an entirety with compressor after being wrapped in compressor surface, and the cross section of described entirety is regular polygon;Circle Core structure intermediate layer is semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet, and fit without the side of radian with described aluminium alloy element in its hot junction, gap Filled by heat-conducting silicone grease;Cylinder mode outermost layer is the aluminum alloy interlayer of water-cooled module, wraps semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet Cold end, gap is also filled by heat-conducting silicone grease.
Further, aluminum alloy interlayer, with gas-liquid separator and compressor junction as demarcation line, is divided into two in half Cylindric interlayer, is fastened on the cold end of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet, aluminum alloy interlayer and pressure by clip by two halves aluminum alloy interlayer Without connecting between contracting machine, gas-liquid separator, two halves aluminum alloy interlayer is respectively equipped with entery and delivery port, is provided with between two halves interlayer Communicating pipe connects, and is provided with radiating fin inside interlayer, and cooling water, by described conduit and water pump, flows into wherein half from water inlet Interlayer, via flowing into second half interlayer communicating pipe, after be back to water tank through outlet and conduit, cooling water circulates in this way Flowing, is full of cooling water all the time in interlayer, water volume in water tank is more than 10 times of interlayer volume, is positioned at cool place, with compressor Between difference in height less than or equal to 0.5 meter.Cylinder mode innermost layer is some aluminium alloy elements, and every piece of aluminium alloy element is plate Shape, two sides that its area is maximum, wherein one side has radian, can fit with compressor damaged surface, and another side is then Without radian, forming an entirety with compressor after being wrapped in compressor surface, the cross section of described entirety is regular polygon.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Heat of compressor can be converted to electric energy be used;Cylinder mode makes inflexible semiconductor temperature differential generating Can fit compressor thermal-arrest well in the hot junction of sheet, cold end can dispel the heat rapidly, increases the temperature difference, with increasing electricity output; The aluminum alloy interlayer of cylinder mode is spliced in the interlayer of hemicycle tubular by two, it is simple to actual installation;Quasiconductor temperature Difference generating sheet between uses a kind of matrix connected mode based on buck-boost changer, described matrix connected mode due to The existence of redundancy, it is possible to accentuator reliability;Ensure that through energy supply control module with maximum power output, power supplying efficiency High;Also in summer, compressor can be played certain thermolysis, improve its work efficiency and extend its life-span, the most right in winter Compressor serves certain insulation effect, it is ensured that its internal lubrication.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of temperature difference electricity generation device in example.
Fig. 2 is matrix connected mode schematic diagram between thermo-electric generation sheet in example.
Fig. 3 is vertical view 1/4th sectional view of temperature-difference power generation module and aluminum alloy interlayer in example.
Fig. 4 be in example temperature-difference power generation module and aluminum alloy interlayer face view in full section.
Fig. 5 is temperature-difference power generation module and the left view of aluminum alloy interlayer in example
Fig. 6 is the aluminum alloy interlayer internal structure schematic diagram in example.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to accompanying drawing and example, content of the present utility model, feature and effect are described in further detail.
A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat, including compressor of air conditioner, temperature-difference power generation module, water-cooled Module and energy supply control module, temperature-difference power generation module and water-cooled module use cylinder mode, if temperature-difference power generation module mainly by Dry aluminium alloy element and some semiconductor temperature differential generating sheets are constituted, and semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet hot junction is wrapped up by aluminium alloy element On the compressor to obtain heat;Water-cooled module is provided with aluminum alloy interlayer, water pump, conduit and water tank, semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet Cold end is wrapped up by aluminum alloy interlayer, and the cooling water in interlayer uses described water pump and conduit by external described water tank recycle stream Dynamic, take away rapidly cold end heat, make the cold and hot two ends of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet keep predetermined temperature difference, produce electric energy, through power supply Control module exports.
Cylinder mode innermost layer is some aluminium alloy elements 2, and every piece of aluminium alloy element is plate-shaped, the two of its area maximum Individual side, wherein one side has radian, can fit with compressor 1 damaged surface, another side then without radian, some aluminium alloys Component 2 forms an entirety with compressor after being wrapped in compressor 1 surface, and the cross section of described entirety is regular polygon, such as Fig. 3 Shown in, to facilitate semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet 3 to paste.
Cylinder mode intermediate layer is semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet 3, and each side has some pieces, from top to bottom tiles, its The side without radian of hot junction and aluminium alloy element 2 is close to, and as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, gap between the two is coated with and spreads heat-conducting silicone grease 7 to strengthen laminating compactness, and beneficially heat conduction makes hot junction keep high temperature.
As it is shown in figure 5, cylinder mode outermost layer is the aluminum alloy interlayer 4 of water-cooled module, aluminum alloy interlayer 4 divides with gas-liquid It is demarcation line from device and compressor junction, is divided into two the first interlayer 41 and the second interlayers 42 in hemicycle tubular, by card First interlayer 41 and the second interlayer 42 are fastened on the cold end of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet 3 by hoop 5, and cold end is with interbedded gap also It is coated with the compactness spreading heat-conducting silicone grease 7 to strengthen laminating.
Radiating fin 6 it is provided with, as shown in Figure 6 inside interlayer.Second interlayer 42 is provided with water inlet 12, the first interlayer 41 water outlet Mouth 13, as it is shown in figure 1, more than 10 times that water tank 15 water yield is interlayer volume, it is positioned at cool place, and difference in height between compressor In 0.5 meter.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, the cooling water in water tank 5 enters the second interlayer via water pump 14, conduit 10, water inlet 12 42, through entering the first interlayer 41 communicating pipe 11, then it is back to water tank 15 via the outlet 13 of the first interlayer 41, begins in interlayer Being full of cooling water eventually, cooling water circulates in this way, takes away the conduction of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet 3 hot junction rapidly to cold end Heat, dispelled the heat by water tank 15, reduce cold junction temperature, last semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet 3 utilize the temperature difference at two ends carry out send out Electricity.
Between semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet 3, connected mode is a kind of matrix connection side based on buck-boost changer Formula, as in figure 2 it is shown, due to the existence of redundancy, it is possible to increase circuit reliability, after connection, two ends are provided with both positive and negative polarity and draw wiring 8 Be connected with energy supply control module 16, energy supply control module 16 with MPPT maximum power point tracking function, and be provided with extraction wiring for Small-power water pump 14 is powered and is powered electrical equipment 17.
Using described embodiment, water pump and 50 SP1848-27145 semiconductor temperature differences with rated power as 2.5W are sent out As a example by electricity sheet is by the matrix connected mode of 5 × 10, during compressor starts work, owing to the heat of compressor case is the most logical The hot junction conduction crossing semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet to cold end and cools down water, and between semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet cool and heat ends, the temperature difference is big In 55 DEG C, semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet can produce enough electricity and supply feed pump, makes pump working;The heat of machine casing to be compressed When amount gradually passes through the hot junction conduction of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet to cold end and cooling water, although cold junction temperature has risen, but Being the work due to water pump, cooling water constantly circulates, and takes away rapidly semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet cold end heat so that cold end Temperature raises few, it is contemplated that the working method of compressor interval running, during stable state between semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet cool and heat ends The temperature difference is at 45 ~ 55 DEG C, after the energy supply control module with MPPT maximum power point tracking function, even if load change also can keep With maximum power output, peak power output is 9.3 ~ 12.5W, the 2.5W power of deduction water pump, and finally energy device can export Peak power is 6.8 ~ 10W, uses conversion efficiency of thermoelectric higher semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet can obtain bigger output. Matrix connected mode between semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet is due to the existence of redundancy, and circuit reliability is strong.This device is to power supply electricity Core capacity is the portable power source charging of 3.7V/10400mAh, it is contemplated that 20% loss of power control circuit etc., is full of this and moves Power supply requires time for as (3.7V × 10.4Ah) ÷ (6.8 ~ 10W × 80%) ≈ 4.8 ~ 7.1h.
Use prior art, connect again by after first every 5 parallel connections with 50 SP1848-27145 semiconductor temperature differential generating sheets As a example by, use air conditioner condensation water cooling, owing to the condensed water water yield is little, flow velocity slow, can not quickly take away semiconductor temperature differential generating The heat of the hot junction conduction extremely cold end of sheet, semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet inflexibility in addition, it is impossible to be fitted in compressor table completely Heat is drawn in face, and when causing stable state, cold warm end temperature difference is 25 ~ 35 DEG C, and final peak power output is 4 ~ 5.9W, and owing to not having Having energy supply control module, along with load change, can not keep with maximum power output, output is less than 4 ~ 5.9W.And Simple connection in series-parallel reliability is low, and once certain module breaks down, and also results in whole system operation irregularity.
From above-mentioned contrast, this utility model can preferably solve the deficiencies in the prior art, have good result.
Above-mentioned embodiment is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and this utility model is not made any form On restriction.In the range of without departing from technical solutions of the utility model, utilize disclosed above technology contents and make a little Permitted the equivalent variations changed, modify and develop, be Equivalent embodiments of the present utility model, belonged to this utility model technical side Within the protection domain of case.

Claims (4)

1. utilize a temperature difference electricity generation device for compressor of air conditioner waste heat, including compressor of air conditioner, temperature-difference power generation module, water cooled mo(u)ld Block and energy supply control module, is characterized in that: temperature-difference power generation module and water-cooled module use cylinder mode, temperature-difference power generation module master Will be made up of some aluminium alloy elements and some semiconductor temperature differential generating sheets, aluminium alloy structure is passed through in semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet hot junction Part wraps up on the compressor to obtain heat;Water-cooled module is provided with aluminum alloy interlayer, water pump, conduit and water tank, semiconductor temperature difference The generating cold end of sheet is wrapped up by aluminum alloy interlayer, and the cooling water in interlayer uses described water pump and conduit by external described water tank Circulate, take away cold end heat, make the cold and hot two ends of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet keep predetermined temperature difference, produce electric energy, Jing Guo electricity Source control module output.
The temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: semiconductor temperature difference Between generating sheet, connected mode is a kind of matrix connected mode based on buck-boost changer, and after connection, two ends are just provided with Negative pole is drawn wiring and is connected with energy supply control module, and energy supply control module is with MPPT maximum power point tracking function, and is provided with extraction Wiring is powered and supplying power for outside for water pump.
The temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: cylinder mode Innermost layer is some aluminium alloy elements, and every piece of aluminium alloy element is plate-shaped, two sides, wherein the side masks that its area is maximum Have radian, can fit with compressor damaged surface, another side then without radian, aluminium alloy element be wrapped in after compressor surface with Compressor forms an entirety, and the cross section of described entirety is regular polygon;Cylinder mode intermediate layer is that semiconductor temperature difference is sent out Electricity sheet, its hot junction and described aluminium alloy element are fitted without the side of radian, and gap is filled by heat-conducting silicone grease;Cylinder mode outermost Layer is the aluminum alloy interlayer of water-cooled module, wraps the cold end of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet, and gap is also filled by heat-conducting silicone grease.
The temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat the most according to claim 3, is characterized in that: aluminum alloy interlayer With gas-liquid separator and compressor junction as demarcation line, it is divided into two interlayers in hemicycle tubular, by clip by two halves aluminum Alloy interlayer is fastened on the cold end of semiconductor temperature differential generating sheet, without being connected between aluminum alloy interlayer with compressor, gas-liquid separator, and two It is respectively equipped with entery and delivery port on half aluminum alloy interlayer, is communicated with pipe connection between two halves interlayer, inside interlayer, is provided with heat radiating fin Sheet, cooling water, by described conduit and water pump, flows into wherein half interlayer from water inlet, via flowing into second half folder communicating pipe Layer, after be back to water tank through outlet and conduit, cooling water circulates in this way, is full of cooling water in interlayer all the time, Water volume in water tank is more than 10 times of interlayer volume, is positioned at cool place, and between compressor, difference in height is less than or equal to 0.5 meter.
CN201620685106.4U 2016-06-30 2016-06-30 A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat Withdrawn - After Issue CN205847130U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106130407A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 华南理工大学 A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106130407A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 华南理工大学 A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device utilizing compressor of air conditioner waste heat
CN106130407B (en) * 2016-06-30 2018-09-14 华南理工大学 A kind of temperature difference electricity generation device using compressor of air conditioner waste heat

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Granted publication date: 20161228

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