CN205825044U - Innoxious incinerator - Google Patents

Innoxious incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205825044U
CN205825044U CN201620802372.0U CN201620802372U CN205825044U CN 205825044 U CN205825044 U CN 205825044U CN 201620802372 U CN201620802372 U CN 201620802372U CN 205825044 U CN205825044 U CN 205825044U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
heater
burner hearth
water tank
flue gas
Prior art date
Application number
CN201620802372.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严志谋
Original Assignee
严志谋
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Publication date
Application filed by 严志谋 filed Critical 严志谋
Priority to CN201620802372.0U priority Critical patent/CN205825044U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205825044U publication Critical patent/CN205825044U/en

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Abstract

This utility model provides a kind of innoxious incinerator, its composition is: charging aperture is located at body of heater top, mend wind inlet, waste gas row's mouth is located at the sidewall of lower portion of furnace body, body of heater top ends is provided with annular water tank, the periphery end of furnace top cover is inserted in annular water tank, fire grate is located at body of heater inner chamber bottom, burner hearth is located at above fire grate, fire door is located at the sidewall in the middle part of body of heater, circulation smoke pipe one end is connected with the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, the other end is inserted in flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan is connected with the sidewall of burner hearth by pipeline one end, the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner, blower and pipeline is connected with mending wind inlet, waste gas row's mouth is connected with catalytic converter by pipeline.Its effect is: 1, environmental protection situation is the best, can reach external non-exhaust emission;2, efficiency of combustion is high;3, fuel is saved.

Description

Innoxious incinerator

Technical field: this utility model relates to a kind of cooking stove for burning away the refuse, a kind of innoxious rubbish burns Burn stove.

Background technology: the device being currently used for processing rubbish is more, and entitled " incinerator ", number of patent application are 201510930491.4 patent application be exactly one of them.It mainly includes being provided with the body of heater of Burning Room, being arranged on burning The feeder on top, room, it is arranged on the discharge part bottom Burning Room and is arranged on the storage fire room of body of heater side, store fire room and burn Burning and be communicated with portion between stove, the bottom of body of heater is provided with the air outlet blower fan towards interconnecting part.This kind of incinerator is using Present in deficiency be: 1, environmental protection situation is poor, and this is that the smoke exhaust pipe of this stove is directly installed on the furnace roof above Burning Room, combustion Flue gas after the burning directly space from smoke exhaust pipe is discharged to stove, causes severe contamination to environment;2, efficiency of combustion is not the highest, this Essentially consisting in, be that temperature is higher from the in line flue gas one gone out of smoke exhaust pipe, containing many heats, two is to have in the flue gas discharged Many gases completely that do not burn, both directly affects its efficiency of combustion.

Summary of the invention: the purpose of this utility model is, for existing " incinerator " in use exist above-mentioned Deficiency, and a kind of innoxious incinerator is proposed, it not only can accomplish that smoke dust discharges, beneficially environmental protection, and has the highest Efficiency of combustion, after ignition, the most again without outside fuel.

This utility model purpose, a kind of innoxious incinerator can be realized by following technical proposals, it is characterised in that It includes that body of heater, furnace top cover, fire grate, burner hearth, fire door, charging aperture, benefit wind inlet, waste gas arrange mouth, catalytic converter, circulation cigarette Pipe, flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan, blower fan;Charging aperture is located at body of heater top, and benefit wind inlet, waste gas row's mouth are located at lower portion of furnace body Sidewall, body of heater top ends is provided with annular water tank, and the periphery end of furnace top cover is inserted in annular water tank, and fire grate is located under body of heater inner chamber Portion, burner hearth is located at above fire grate, and fire door is located at the sidewall in the middle part of body of heater, and circulation smoke pipe one end is connected with the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, The other end is inserted in flue gas cleaner, and frequency conversion fan is connected with the sidewall of burner hearth by pipeline one end, the other end and gas cleaning Device connects, and blower and pipeline is connected with mending wind inlet, and waste gas row's mouth is connected with catalytic converter by pipeline.

For preventing rubbish when blanking, the fire pressure in burner hearth is gone out, the furnace chamber above fire grate is provided with secondary fire grate.

For the benefit of the flue gas in furnace chamber enters circulation smoke pipe and the grit removed in flue gas, circulates cigarette in upper of furnace body correspondence The furnace wall of pipe import department is provided with cannelure, and the opening of cannelure is provided with filter screen.

For improving combustion efficiency, burner hearth is made up of interlayer, and the inwall of burner hearth is provided with through hole, and it is uniform that through hole presses annular segment Arrange, the through hole of lowermost layer is 7~10cm from the distance of fire grate, is separated by 3~5cm between layers, through-hole diameter be 3~ 10mm。

Flue gas cleaner is the water tank having contained water, and the water surface in water tank is from case inner top surface 5~10cm.

The port that circulation smoke pipe is inserted in water tank water surface 0.2cm in water tank.

For supplementing appropriate oxygen, the end face of flue gas cleaner is provided with the through hole that can control caliber size.

Effect of the present utility model is: 1, environmental protection situation is the best, can reach external non-exhaust emission;This is, this Being provided with the circulating device being made up of circulation smoke pipe, water tank, frequency conversion fan in device, and body of heater is gasification furnace structure, rubbish exists Gasifying in body of heater, the gas of gasification and constantly being circulated by circulating device through the portion gas of burning in body of heater is sent to High-temp combustion again in burner hearth so that two English of environmentally harmful carbon monoxide therein, hydrogen, methane and severe toxicity etc. exist Remove after 850 degree of high temperature above burnings, thus reach non-exhaust emission;It addition, in cyclic process, the water in water tank can be right Wash from recyclegas, remove the flue dust in recyclegas;2, efficiency of combustion is high, and one is, the gas after gasification, warp Repeatedly circulate and repeatedly burn so that burning is very abundant, it addition, recyclegas is when flowing through water tank, can carry out its interior water Partial gasification, after the steam of this gasification enters body of heater, is at high temperature decomposed into oxygen and hydrogen, promotes burning further, from And efficiency of combustion is improved;3, saving fuel, this device is except making device enter for refuse gasification being initially required some fuel Entering properly functioning, be no longer needed for thereafter external fuel, because this device has the highest efficiency of combustion, it can be by rubbish All Organic substances carry out gasifying and fully burning completely, these heat energy enough maintain the properly functioning of device, thus can save Save a lot of fuel.

Accompanying drawing illustrates:

Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present utility model (broken section).

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and this utility model is expanded on further by embodiment:

Detailed description of the invention:

Seeing accompanying drawing 1, a kind of innoxious incinerator, it is mainly by body of heater 1, furnace top cover 2, fire grate 3, burner hearth 4, fire door 5, charging aperture 6, mend wind inlet 7, waste gas row mouth 8, catalytic converter 9, circulation smoke pipe 10, flue gas cleaner 11, frequency conversion fan 12, Blower fan 13 forms.Charging aperture 6 is located at body of heater 1 top.Mend wind inlet 7, waste gas is arranged mouth 8 and is located at the sidewall of body of heater 1 bottom.Body of heater 1 Top ends is provided with annular water tank 14, and the periphery end of furnace top cover 2 is inserted in annular water tank 14, and the function of annular water tank 14 is close Envelope.Fire grate 3 is located at body of heater 1 inner chamber bottom.Burner hearth 4 is located at above fire grate 3.Fire door 5 is located at the sidewall in the middle part of body of heater 1.Circulation cigarette Pipe 10 one end is connected with the inner chamber on body of heater 1 top, and the other end is inserted in flue gas cleaner 11.Frequency conversion fan 12 is by pipeline one end Being connected with the sidewall of burner hearth 4, the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner 11.Blower fan 13 is connected with mending wind inlet 7 by pipeline.Waste gas Row's mouth 8 is connected with catalytic converter 9 by pipeline.For preventing rubbish when blanking, the fire pressure in burner hearth 4 is gone out, at fire grate 3 The furnace chamber of top is provided with secondary fire grate 15.For the benefit of the flue gas in furnace chamber enters circulation smoke pipe 10 and the grit removed in flue gas, Being provided with cannelure 16 on the furnace wall that body of heater 1 top correspondence circulates smoke pipe 11 import department, the opening of cannelure 16 is provided with filter screen. For improving combustion efficiency, burner hearth 4 is made up of interlayer, and the inwall of burner hearth 4 is provided with through hole 17, and through hole 17 presses the uniform cloth of annular segment Putting, the through hole 17 of lowermost layer is 7~10cm from the distance of fire grate 3, is separated by 3~5cm between layers, through-hole diameter be 3~ 10mm.Flue gas cleaner 11 is the water tank having contained water, and the water surface in water tank is from case inner top surface 5~10cm.Circulation smoke pipe 10 is inserted The port in water tank water surface 0.2cm in water tank.For supplementing appropriate oxygen, the end face of flue gas cleaner 11 is provided with and can control The through hole 18 of caliber size.

The operational process of this device is: passed through by part pilot fuel (pilot fuel can be the fuel such as timber, coal) Fire door 5 is put in burner hearth 4, pours into furnace chamber by rubbish from charging aperture 6, and a rubbish part is blocked by secondary fire grate 15, another part Fall in burner hearth 4;Being ignited by pilot fuel, near rubbish and pilot fuel one combust of pilot fuel, the rubbish on top is then At high temperature gasify, the flue gas of burning together with the gas of gasification through circulation smoke pipe 10, flue gas cleaner 11, frequency conversion fan 12 are admitted in burner hearth 4 again burn, and this circulation is the most reciprocal;According to the situation of burning, blower fan 13 can be passed through with logical in stove Hole 18 inputs extraneous air (increasing aflame oxygen).Portion is entered in catalytic converter 9 through clean by waste gas row's mouth 8 Enter aerial after change.

Claims (7)

1. an innoxious incinerator, it is characterised in that it includes body of heater, furnace top cover, fire grate, burner hearth, fire door, charging Mouth, benefit wind inlet, waste gas row mouth, catalytic converter, circulation smoke pipe, flue gas cleaner, frequency conversion fan, blower fan;Charging aperture is located at Body of heater top, mends wind inlet, waste gas row's mouth is located at the sidewall of lower portion of furnace body, and body of heater top ends is provided with annular water tank, furnace top cover Periphery end is inserted in annular water tank, and fire grate is located at body of heater inner chamber bottom, and burner hearth is located at above fire grate, and fire door is located in the middle part of body of heater Sidewall, circulation smoke pipe one end is connected with the inner chamber of upper of furnace body, and the other end is inserted in flue gas cleaner, and frequency conversion fan passes through pipeline One end is connected with the sidewall of burner hearth, and the other end is connected with flue gas cleaner, and blower and pipeline is connected with mending wind inlet, and waste gas is arranged Mouth is connected with catalytic converter by pipeline.
Innoxious incinerator the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with in the furnace chamber above fire grate Secondary fire grate.
Innoxious incinerator the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that enter at upper of furnace body correspondence circulation smoke pipe Furnace wall at Kou is provided with cannelure, and the opening of cannelure is provided with filter screen.
Innoxious incinerator the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that burner hearth is made up of interlayer, burner hearth interior Wall is provided with through hole, and through hole is evenly arranged by annular segment, and the through hole of lowermost layer is 7~10cm from the distance of fire grate, layer and layer Between be separated by 3~5cm, through-hole diameter is 3~10mm.
Innoxious incinerator the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that flue gas cleaner is the water having contained water Case, the water surface in water tank is from case inner top surface 5~10cm.
Innoxious incinerator the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the port that circulation smoke pipe is inserted in water tank Water surface 0.2cm in water tank.
7. according to the innoxious incinerator described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, it is characterised in that suitable for supplementing Amount oxygen, the end face of flue gas cleaner is provided with the through hole that can control caliber size.
CN201620802372.0U 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Innoxious incinerator CN205825044U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620802372.0U CN205825044U (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Innoxious incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620802372.0U CN205825044U (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Innoxious incinerator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205825044U true CN205825044U (en) 2016-12-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620802372.0U CN205825044U (en) 2016-07-28 2016-07-28 Innoxious incinerator

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN205825044U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106090927A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 严志谋 Innoxious incinerator
CN106524136A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-03-22 何小群 Biomass combustion furnace

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106090927A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 严志谋 Innoxious incinerator
CN106524136A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-03-22 何小群 Biomass combustion furnace

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