CN205821317U - Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment - Google Patents

Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205821317U
CN205821317U CN201620739120.8U CN201620739120U CN205821317U CN 205821317 U CN205821317 U CN 205821317U CN 201620739120 U CN201620739120 U CN 201620739120U CN 205821317 U CN205821317 U CN 205821317U
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China
Prior art keywords
outlet
pipeline
biogas
anaerobic fermentation
storage tank
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CN201620739120.8U
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朱金波
师力民
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Zhongnong Green Energy Technology Group Co Ltd
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Zhongnong Green Energy Technology Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

This utility model relates to changing food waste processing technology field, discloses a kind of container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment.This utility model feed pipe connects with crusher feed-inlet, discharge hole of crusher is connected with solid-liquid separating equipment by pipeline, the liquid outlet opening of solid-liquid separating equipment is connected with oil water separator, the outlet of oil water separator is connected with anaerobic fermentation system, the biogas slurry outlet of anaerobic fermentation system is connected with biogas slurry storage tank by pipeline, the biogas residue outlet of anaerobic fermentation system is connected with biogas residue storage tank by pipeline, the methane outlet of anaerobic fermentation system is connected with the air inlet of biogas temporary storage tank by pipeline, the gas outlet connecting tee valve of biogas temporary storage tank, one outlet of three-way valve is connected with methane power generating system by the first pipeline, another outlet of three-way valve connects with biogas conveyance conduit.This utility model can treatment in situ, realize heat recovery, can preliminary treatment changing food waste fast and effectively.

Description

Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment
Technical field
This utility model relates to changing food waste processing technology field, particularly relates to a kind of container-type kitchen anaerobic treatment System.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of China's economy, urbanization process is gradually accelerated, and the catering trade of fast development causes kitchen rubbish Increasing rapidly of the yield of rubbish.Due to China domestic cooking culture and custom of having a dinner party, the changing food waste total amount that China produces is non- Chang Ju great.According to statistics, there is nearly 4,000,000 of hotel, restaurant National urban, produces changing food waste every day and is not less than 300,000 tons, Beijing City's daily output changing food waste has reached about 2000 ton day.
Owing to changing food waste has certain physics, chemistry and biological nature, moisture content is up to 80%-95%, dehydration property Can be poor, salt content is high, and chemical constituent is complicated, has higher volatile matter, and in chemical element composition, nitrogen element content is higher. Chemically on composition, there are starch, cellulose, protein, lipid and inorganic salt etc..Wherein based on organic component, containing a large amount of Starch and cellulose etc., in inorganic salt, the content of NaCl is higher, contains the trace element such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, ferrum simultaneously;There are Pathogen, pathogenic microorganism, perishable, rotten, smelly, grow mosquitos and flies, outward appearance the most greasy, adrip to any around Environment has undesirable effect.
But changing food waste not yet carries out standardized management at present in a lot of cities, and it is dirty and messy that ground environment put by collection container, Multiplying and attract the insects such as mosquito, fly, Mus, Blatta seu periplaneta, infectivity disease, the harm people's is healthy.Hold near refuse collection ground It is easily generated bad smell, causes the dislike on people's sense organ;Due to the characteristic that changing food waste water content is higher, in the process of transport In there is series of problems.Haulage vehicle is lack of standardization, easily occurs changing food waste leak outside and pour down or forth, have a strong impact on the appearance of the city, city's looks and Traffic;Most importantly the rubbish of urban catering enterprise is many is collected by raiser, directly uses as breeding feed, rubbish without Process enters human foods chain, jeopardizes the healthy of the people;Waste oil is also collected refining again simultaneously becomes Cheap edible oil, circulates the most again, and the harm people's is healthy.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model be to provide a kind for the treatment of in situ, realize heat recovery, can be effective The quickly container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment of preliminary treatment changing food waste.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that
This utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment, including pretreatment system, oil water separator, anaerobic fermentation System and methane power generating system, pretreatment system includes disintegrating machine and solid-liquid separating equipment, feed pipe and crusher feed-inlet Connection, discharge hole of crusher is connected with solid-liquid separating equipment by pipeline, the solids exit mouth of solid-liquid separating equipment and collection inder pot Connecting, the liquid outlet opening of solid-liquid separating equipment is connected with oil water separator, and the oil-out of oil water separator connects with oil collection barrel, The outlet of oil water separator is connected with anaerobic fermentation system, and the biogas slurry outlet of anaerobic fermentation system is by pipeline and biogas slurry storage tank Connecting, the biogas residue outlet of anaerobic fermentation system is connected with biogas residue storage tank by pipeline, and the methane outlet of anaerobic fermentation system passes through Pipeline is connected with the air inlet of biogas temporary storage tank, the gas outlet connecting tee valve of biogas temporary storage tank, and an outlet of three-way valve is logical Crossing the first pipeline to be connected with methane power generating system, another outlet of three-way valve connects with biogas conveyance conduit.
This utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment, further, the solid of described solid-liquid separating equipment goes out It is connected by conveying worm between material mouth with collection inder pot.
This utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment, further, described anaerobic fermentation system is fixed bed Anaerobic fermentation tank.
This utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment, further, also includes gas flow regulating valve, gas Flow control valve is connected on the first pipeline.
This utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment, further, described methane power generating system includes thermoelectricity Coproduction generating set and accumulator battery, the first pipeline gas outlet is connected with co-generator group, co-generator group Electric outfan electrically connect with the electrical input of accumulator battery.
This utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment compared with prior art, has the advantages that
After changing food waste is separated by this utility model, isolated aqueous phase serosity is carried out anaerobic fermentation process, can Organic substance in aqueous phase serosity is degraded, is converted into biogas, can use as energy source raw material conveying, fraction can be quoted simultaneously Biogas directly carries out gas-to electricity in container, utilizes the electric energy produced and heat energy directly for this utility model processing system certainly Body equipment uses, and is greatly saved the consumption of the energy, achieves recycling of resource in original place.By container-type device one Secondary property environmental protection treatment changing food waste, obtains organic fertilizer product, biodiesel raw material and the marsh gas power generation energy, and this device is permissible Be placed on kitchen cradle on the spot, it is not necessary to long distance transportation digests on the spot, cut down the number of intermediate links produce risk, really realize by Kitchen castoff harmless treatment.
Solid or product liquid produced by each equipment of this utility model container processing system, all can be as deep processing Stock Product further utilized, the changing food waste of complicated component is efficiently separated, collection inder pot in rubbish Rubbish residue can utilize as the raw material of solid waste fermentation;High concentration waste oil in oil collection barrel can be sent into deep processing and reclaim Utilize;The biogas major part that anaerobic fermentation produces can be derived by conveyance conduit, is used as energy source raw material, utilization of energy Rate is high, is one of the most relatively popular new forms of energy, it is achieved economic interests and social benefit win-win;Biogas slurry is through denitrogenation, de- Salt, desulfurization can be widely used in fields such as agricultural irrigation Chinese garden plantings as liquid state organic fertilizer after processing;Biogas residue is through aerobic Can use as bio-organic fertilizer after compost, thus realize the minimizing of rubbish, recycling treatment.Nothing in anaerobic fermentation process Foul smell escapes, and will not produce secondary pollution after fermentation, and the acceptance level of society is higher.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment of the present utility model is described further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment.
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, this utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment includes pretreatment system, oil water separator 2, anaerobic fermentation system 3 and methane power generating system, pretreatment system includes disintegrating machine 11 and solid-liquid separating equipment 12, feed pipe Connecting with disintegrating machine 11 charging aperture, disintegrating machine 11 discharging opening is connected with solid-liquid separating equipment 12 by pipeline, solid-liquid separating equipment The solids exit mouth of 12 is connected with collection inder pot 51 by conveying worm 6, the liquid outlet opening of solid-liquid separating equipment 12 and profit Separator 2 connects, and the oil-out of oil water separator 2 connects with oil collection barrel 52, and the outlet of oil water separator 2 with anaerobic fermentation is System 3 connection, anaerobic fermentation system 3 is fixed bed anaerobic fermentation tank, and the biogas slurry of anaerobic fermentation system 3 exports by pipeline and biogas slurry Storage tank 54 connects, and the biogas residue outlet of anaerobic fermentation system 3 is connected with biogas residue storage tank 55 by pipeline, the natural pond of anaerobic fermentation system 3 Gas outlet is connected by the air inlet of pipeline with biogas temporary storage tank 53, the gas outlet connecting tee valve 7 of biogas temporary storage tank 53, threeway One outlet of valve 7 is connected with methane power generating system by the first pipeline 81, and the first pipeline 81 is in series with gas flow regulation Valve 82, another outlet of three-way valve 7 connects with biogas conveyance conduit, and methane power generating system includes co-generator group 41 With accumulator battery 42, the first pipeline 81 gas outlet is connected with co-generator group 41, the electricity of co-generator group 41 Outfan electrically connects with the electrical input of accumulator battery 42.
The specific works process of this utility model container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment is as follows:
Changing food waste is sent into disintegrating machine 11 by pipeline and is crushed, and solid refuse carries out Convergency fracturing, convenient transport And process, separating subsequently in solid-liquid separating equipment 12, the solid refuse residue obtained is directly by conveying worm 6 Sending into collection inder pot 51, can carry out deep processing as the raw material of solid fertilizer fermentation, the liquid refuse of isolated enters profit It is separating of oil that separator 2 carries out water, and the oil phase that wherein organic concentration is higher is directly entered oil collection barrel 52, can be at Precision Machining Recycling after reason, the relatively low aqueous phase of organic concentration then enters in anaerobic fermentation system 3, and Organic substance therein is sent out through anaerobism Ferment degraded produces biogas, biogas slurry and biogas residue, and the biogas slurry of generation and biogas residue respectively enter biogas slurry storage tank 54 and biogas residue storage tank 55, biogas slurry Can use directly as the raw material of liquid fertilizer, biogas residue can use directly as the raw material of bio-organic fertilizer, and the natural pond produced Gas is after biogas temporary storage tank 53, and most biogas sends container by biogas conveyance conduit, passes through adjusting gas flow Regulation valve 82 calls the biogas of fraction, sends into methane power generating system, is converted into electric energy through co-generator group 41 And heat energy, the electric energy of generation and heat energy are available for container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment equipment of itself and use.
Embodiment described above is only to be described preferred implementation of the present utility model, not to this practicality Novel scope is defined, and on the premise of without departing from this utility model design spirit, those of ordinary skill in the art are to this Various deformation that the technical scheme of utility model is made and improvement, all should fall into the protection that this utility model claims determine In the range of.

Claims (5)

1. container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment, it is characterised in that: include pretreatment system, oil water separator, anaerobic fermentation System and methane power generating system, pretreatment system includes disintegrating machine and solid-liquid separating equipment, feed pipe and crusher feed-inlet Connection, discharge hole of crusher is connected with solid-liquid separating equipment by pipeline, the solids exit mouth of solid-liquid separating equipment and collection inder pot Connecting, the liquid outlet opening of solid-liquid separating equipment is connected with oil water separator, and the oil-out of oil water separator connects with oil collection barrel, The outlet of oil water separator is connected with anaerobic fermentation system, and the biogas slurry outlet of anaerobic fermentation system is by pipeline and biogas slurry storage tank Connecting, the biogas residue outlet of anaerobic fermentation system is connected with biogas residue storage tank by pipeline, and the methane outlet of anaerobic fermentation system passes through Pipeline is connected with the air inlet of biogas temporary storage tank, the gas outlet connecting tee valve of biogas temporary storage tank, and an outlet of three-way valve is logical Crossing the first pipeline to be connected with methane power generating system, another outlet of three-way valve connects with biogas conveyance conduit.
Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described solid-liquid separating equipment Solids exit mouth with collection inder pot between be connected by conveying worm.
Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described anaerobic fermentation system For fixed bed anaerobic fermentation tank.
Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also include that gas flow is adjusted Joint valve, gas flow regulating valve is connected on the first pipeline.
Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described methane power generating system Including co-generator group and accumulator battery, the first pipeline gas outlet is connected with co-generator group, cogeneration of heat and power The electric outfan of generating set electrically connects with the electrical input of accumulator battery.
CN201620739120.8U 2016-07-14 2016-07-14 Container-type kitchen system for anaerobic treatment Active CN205821317U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107118943A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-09-01 杭州电子科技大学 Kitchen garbage fermentation methane production all-in-one and its implementation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107118943A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-09-01 杭州电子科技大学 Kitchen garbage fermentation methane production all-in-one and its implementation

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