CN205819494U - Fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder - Google Patents

Fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205819494U
CN205819494U CN201620715333.7U CN201620715333U CN205819494U CN 205819494 U CN205819494 U CN 205819494U CN 201620715333 U CN201620715333 U CN 201620715333U CN 205819494 U CN205819494 U CN 205819494U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ladder
hoistable platform
platform
gangway ladder
gone
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620715333.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任长合
余世林
沈军
聂伟
张绍麒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhenjiang Watercraft College of Pla
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Zhenjiang Watercraft College of Pla
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Priority to CN201620557684X priority Critical
Priority to CN201620557684 priority
Application filed by Zhenjiang Watercraft College of Pla filed Critical Zhenjiang Watercraft College of Pla
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Publication of CN205819494U publication Critical patent/CN205819494U/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B27/00Arrangement of ship-based loading or unloading equipment for cargo or passengers
    • B63B27/14Arrangement of ship-based loading or unloading equipment for cargo or passengers of ramps, gangways or outboard ladders ; Pilot lifts

Abstract

This utility model relates to shipbuilding technical field, goes on board gangway ladder particularly to a kind of fixed quay self adaptation.A kind of fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder, and including the ladder of the stepped frame structure being connected with fixed quay, every rank platform dual-side is respectively provided with guide pipe;Hoistable platform is planar rectangular frame structure, and ladder can be positioned in the framework of hoistable platform, and hoistable platform is parallel to two long limits of ladder length direction and is provided with guide pipe;Active foot plate is respectively arranged at the two ends with at least 2 alignment pins, and one of them is for coordinating with the guide pipe on ladder platform, and another is for coordinating with the guide pipe on hoistable platform, Active foot plate and ladder or hoistable platform connection;Gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear is for controlling the lifting of hoistable platform.The minimum step platform of gangway ladder of going on board of the present utility model and ship deck are in same plane, and with tidal range change and boats and ships synchronization lifting, reach to guarantee the upper and lower dock safety of personnel, convenient, fast, decrease the workload of operator on duty.

Description

Fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder
Technical field
This utility model relates to shipbuilding technical field, goes on board gangway ladder particularly to a kind of fixed quay self adaptation.
Background technology
When fixed quay stopped by boats and ships, large ship generally carries ramp or the gangway ladder work of going on board utilizing harbour to provide For the passage above gone ashore, as shown in Figure 1.Stopping for ease of low freeboard spitkit, fixed quay is usually provided with less than harbour The fixing stair of principal plane.Medium and small-scale vessel connects ship deck and fixing stair by common springboard, logical as above go ashore Road.But being affected by tide, fixed quay SEA LEVEL VARIATION is bigger.At present, large ship carries ramp or harbour carry The gangway ladder major part of going on board of confession is suitable for the change of tidal range, but this type of gangway ladder is usually applicable only to main deck height after landing pier Higher than the boats and ships of harbour principal plane, a kind of wharf boarding ladder of prior art, including upper mounting plate, rotating base, inclined ladder and lower flat Platform, described upper mounting plate is fixed in deck in ship structure, and described rotating base is connected to upper mounting plate by vertical shaft and plane bearing Bottom, described inclined ladder two ends are provided with lateral connection axle and connect rotating base and lower platform respectively.And low freeboard spitkit Use springboard to connect boats and ships to make with the mixed earth less than harbour principal plane of setting on fixed quay or the fixing stair of steel construction Shortcoming for passage of going on board is as the lifting of water level, and the gradient of springboard, change in location are very big and rock, and need by sending Operator on duty adjusts springboard in time, the most also needs the stop position according to the mobile boats and ships of tidal range change, to the upper lower terminal of personnel While bringing potential safety hazard, too increase the workload of operator on duty.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a self adaptation gangway ladder of going on board and replaces concrete or the fixing stair of steel construction, The minimum step platform of this gangway ladder of going on board and ship deck are in same plane, and with tidal range change and boats and ships synchronization lifting, reach To guaranteeing the upper and lower dock safety of personnel, convenient, fast, reduce the purpose of person works on duty amount.Based on this purpose, this practicality is new The technical scheme that type uses is as follows:
A kind of fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder, and including the ladder being connected with fixed quay, described ladder is stepped Frame structure, every rank platform dual-side is respectively provided with guide pipe;Hoistable platform is planar rectangular frame structure, and ladder can be positioned over liter In the framework of fall platform, one of them minor face of hoistable platform is provided with base pedal, is parallel on two long limits of ladder length direction It is provided with guide pipe;Active foot plate is tabular, and it is in the longitudinal direction more than the length of every rank platform, and it is respectively arranged at the two ends with at least 2 alignment pins, one of them alignment pin is for coordinating with the guide pipe on ladder platform, and another alignment pin is used for and lifting is flat Guide pipe on platform coordinates, and Active foot plate and ladder or hoistable platform connect;Gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear and hoistable platform connect, and are used for Control the lifting of hoistable platform.Gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear controls rising or falling of hoistable platform, and hoistable platform is planar rectangular steel Frame structure processed, effect is to pick up and lay Active foot plate, and when water level rises, hoistable platform floats, the location on Active foot plate Pin inserts the guide pipe on hoistable platform, and Active foot plate is held up by hoistable platform subsequently, leaves ladder, rises with platform.
Further, below described hoistable platform, 4 angles are respectively arranged with location wheel and traveling wheel, and described location wheel is used for The horizontal level of positioned-lifting platform, traveling wheel is for coordinating with gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear.Location wheel is for positioned-lifting platform Horizontal level, it is ensured that Active foot plate alignment pin is lifting with Active foot plate alignment pin with ladder guide pipe, hoistable platform guide pipe During can assemble and put in place;Traveling wheel coordinates with the guide rail of gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear, reduces friction, completes the fortune up and down of platform Dynamic.
Further, described gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear includes motor, wirerope, guide rail, level sensor, and level sensor controls The rotating of motor, it is achieved the receipts of wirerope or put, the traveling wheel of hoistable platform rises or falls along guide rail.Level sensor is examined Survey height of water level changes, and controls motor automatic deploying and retracting wirerope, adjusts hoistable platform height.
Further, described wirerope includes rising wirerope and declining wirerope.It is flat that wirerope acts on lifting by actuating device Platform, when SEA LEVEL VARIATION, motor drives hoistable platform along on the guide rail being arranged in fixed quay vertical walls by wirerope Lower motion, makes hoistable platform be maintained at same plane with boats and ships main deck all the time.After hoistable platform is adjusted in place, motor stopping Brake, platform, under the common effect rising wirerope, decline wirerope and hoistable platform self gravitation, is positioned at suitable height Degree.
Further, described gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear includes that being installed on the buoyancy tank below hoistable platform coordinates with traveling wheel Guide rail.Under buoyancy of water, buoyancy tank floats, and drives hoistable platform to rise.
Further, connection buoyancy tank and the hydraulic telescopic device of hoistable platform are also included.Between buoyancy tank and hoistable platform It is provided with hydraulic telescopic device, adapts to the most shipmate type by adjusting the collapsing length of hydraulic telescopic device.
Further, described ladder, hoistable platform, Active foot plate are made of steel.
Further, described ladder is hinged with fixed quay by the fixing device on two right-angle sides or is welded to connect.
Further, described Active foot plate is respectively arranged at the two ends with 4 alignment pins, wherein two alignment pins of inner side with on ladder Guide pipe coordinate, guide pipe on two alignment pins in outside and hoistable platform coordinates.
Compare prior art, and this utility model has the advantages that
(1) by arranging hoistable platform, the minimum step platform of gangway ladder of going on board and ship deck are in same plane, and with Tidal range change with boats and ships synchronization lifting, utilize gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear drive hoistable platform rise or fall, thus realize pick up or Lay Active foot plate, automatically adjust passage of going on board, it is not necessary to operator on duty individually adjusts springboard, it is ensured that the upper and lower dock safety of personnel, Convenient, fast;
(2) gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear uses level sensor to control motor, drives and rises wirerope and decline wirerope, so that it is guaranteed that Traverser is with SEA LEVEL VARIATION automatic height adjustment;
(3) gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear, it would however also be possible to employ floating box device, utilize buoyancy of water drive hoistable platform rising and under Fall, convenient and reliable, saved resource simultaneously;
(4), when utilizing floating box device to drive hoistable platform to rise or fall, hydraulic telescopic device is designed, in order to adapt to difference Ship type, thus the height without having to worry about hoistable platform is the most corresponding with ship type, causes the personnel can not the problem of ascending stair smoothly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that common fixed quay is gone on board stair;
Fig. 2 is that fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder first embodiment structural representation;
Fig. 3 is ladder bed structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is hoistable platform structural representation;
Fig. 5 is movable pedal structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is that hoistable platform is raised to extreme higher position, has picked up the structural representation after all Active foot plates;
Fig. 7 is that fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder the second example structure schematic diagram;
In figure, 1-ladder, 2-hoistable platform, 21-base pedal, 22-positions wheel, 23-traveling wheel, 3-Active foot plate, 31-alignment pin, 4-gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear, 41-motor, 42-wirerope, 421-rises wirerope, and 422-declines wirerope, 43-guide rail, 44-level sensor, 45-buoyancy tank, 46-hydraulic telescopic device, 5-guide pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, this utility model is further described.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figures 2-6, a kind of fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder, including the ladder 1 being connected with fixed quay, described Ladder 1 is stepped steel framework structure, hinged by the fixing device on two right-angle sides and fixed quay or be welded to connect;Ladder Every rank platform dual-side of frame is respectively provided with guide pipe 5;Hoistable platform 2 is planar rectangular steel framework structure, and ladder 1 can be positioned over In the framework of hoistable platform 2, one of them minor face of hoistable platform 2 is provided with base pedal 21, is parallel to two of ladder length direction Long limit is provided with guide pipe 5;Active foot plate 3 is steel plateform shape, and it is in the longitudinal direction more than the length of ladder every rank platform, It is respectively arranged at the two ends with 4 alignment pins 31, and 2 alignment pins 31 of inner side are used for coordinating with the guide pipe 5 on ladder platform, outward flange Two alignment pins 31 for and hoistable platform on guide pipe 5 coordinate, Active foot plate 3 and ladder 1 or hoistable platform 2 connect; Described gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear 4 includes motor 41, wirerope 42, guide rail 43, level sensor 44;Motor 41 is can be positive and negative from brake type The hoist engine turned, level sensor 44 is used for detecting water surface elevation, controls motor 41 start and stop, according to water level automatic deploying and retracting wirerope 42, wirerope 42 includes rising wirerope 421 and declining wirerope 422, acts on hoistable platform 2 by actuating device, works as SEA LEVEL VARIATION Time, motor drives hoistable platform to move up and down along the guide rail being arranged in fixed quay vertical walls by wirerope, makes lifting Platform is maintained at same plane with boats and ships main deck all the time, and after hoistable platform is adjusted in place, motor stopping brakes, and platform is upper Rise under the common effect of wirerope, decline wirerope and hoistable platform self gravitation, be positioned at suitable height.
Below described hoistable platform 2,4 angles are respectively arranged with location wheel 22 and traveling wheel 23, and described location wheel is used for positioning The horizontal level of hoistable platform 2, it is ensured that alignment pin 31 and the guide pipe 5 of ladder 1, the guide pipe of hoistable platform 2 of Active foot plate 3 Can assemble in lifting process with Active foot plate 3 alignment pin 31 and put in place;Traveling wheel 23 is for the guide rail with gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear 4 43 coordinate, and reduce friction, complete the up and down motion of hoistable platform 2.
In the present embodiment, the go on board work process of gangway ladder of fixed quay self adaptation is as follows:
When water level raises, level sensor 44 controls motor 41 rolling and rises wirerope 421, releases and declines wirerope 422, makes Hoistable platform 2 rises.Along with the rising of hoistable platform 2, outside the Active foot plate 3 being arranged on ladder 1, alignment pin 31 enters and rises The guide pipe 5 of fall platform 2, is held up by hoistable platform 2 subsequently, leaves ladder 1, rise with hoistable platform 2.By that analogy, Active foot plate 3 is picked up successively to be placed on hoistable platform 2, is formed with hoistable platform base pedal 21 and goes on board passage, and all the time with Ship deck keeps at grade.
When the water level descends, level sensor 44 controls motor 41 and releases rising wirerope 421, and rolling declines wirerope 422, rises Fall platform 2 declines along guide rail 43 under self gravitation effect, and the inner side alignment pin 31 of the pedal on platform enters leading of ladder To pipe 5, along with hoistable platform 2 declines further, Active foot plate is placed on ladder 1 successively and fixes on step, is formed stepwise and steps on Castle ladder, now hoistable platform base pedal still keeps at grade with ship deck.
Embodiment 2
As it is shown in fig. 7, as different from Example 1, in the present embodiment, gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear 4 uses floating box type gangway ladder to lift Device, specific as follows:
A kind of fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder, and including the ladder 1 being connected with fixed quay, described ladder 1 is ladder Shape steel framework structure, hinged by the fixing device on two right-angle sides and fixed quay or be welded to connect;Every rank of ladder are put down Platform dual-side is respectively provided with guide pipe 5;Hoistable platform 2 is planar rectangular steel framework structure, and ladder 1 can be positioned over hoistable platform 2 Framework in, one of them minor face of hoistable platform 2 is provided with base pedal 21, and two the long limits being parallel to ladder length direction are provided with Guide pipe 5;Active foot plate 3 is steel plateform shape, and it is in the longitudinal direction more than the length of ladder every rank platform, and its two ends respectively set Having 4 alignment pins 31,2 alignment pins 31 of inner side are used for coordinating with the guide pipe 5 on ladder platform, outer peripheral two location Pin 31 is for coordinating with the guide pipe 5 on hoistable platform, and Active foot plate 3 and ladder 1 or hoistable platform 2 connect;Described gangway ladder liter Falling unit 4 includes being installed on the guide rail 43 that the buoyancy tank 45 below hoistable platform coordinates with traveling wheel 23, connects buoyancy tank 45 and rises The hydraulic telescopic device 46 of fall platform 2, buoyancy tank 45 is under buoyancy, with the same fluctuation of boats and ships, drives hoistable platform 2 along guide rail 43 Lifting.Hydraulic telescopic device 46 connects buoyancy tank 45 and hoistable platform 2, adapts to the most shipmate type by adjusting collapsing length.
In the present embodiment, the go on board work process of gangway ladder of fixed quay self adaptation is as follows:
When water level raises, buoyancy tank 45 rises, and the traveling wheel 23 of hoistable platform 2 rises along guide rail 43, is arranged on ladder 1 On Active foot plate 3 outside alignment pin 31 enter the guide pipe 5 of hoistable platform 2, held up by hoistable platform 2 subsequently, leave ladder 1, rise with hoistable platform 2.By that analogy, Active foot plate 3 is picked up successively to be placed on hoistable platform 2, flat with lifting Stylobate pedal 21 forms passage of going on board, and keeps at grade with ship deck all the time.
When the water level descends, buoyancy tank 45 declines along with the decline of water level, and hoistable platform 2 edge under self gravitation effect is led Rail 43 declines, and the inner side alignment pin 31 of the pedal on platform enters the guide pipe 5 of ladder, along with hoistable platform 2 further under Fall, Active foot plate is placed on ladder 1 successively and fixes on step, forms stair of going on board stepwise, and now hoistable platform base pedal is still Keep at grade with ship deck.
In this utility model, the step of ladder and the number of Active foot plate are not limited in accompanying drawing the quantity represented, Ke Yigen Adjust according to needs.
Last it is noted that above example only in order to this utility model is described and and unrestricted this utility model retouched The technical scheme stated;Therefore, although this utility model is had been carried out detailed with reference to each above-mentioned embodiment by this specification Illustrate, but, it will be understood by those within the art that, still this utility model can be modified or be equal to and replace Change;And all are without departing from the technical scheme of spirit and scope of the present utility model and improvement thereof, it all should contain in this practicality new In the right of type.

Claims (9)

1. a fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: include the ladder (1) being connected with fixed quay, described Ladder (1) is stepped frame structure, and every rank platform dual-side is respectively provided with guide pipe (5);Hoistable platform (2) is planar rectangular frame Shelf structure, ladder (1) can be positioned in the framework of hoistable platform (2), and hoistable platform (2) one of them minor face is provided with base pedal (21) two the long limits, being parallel to ladder length direction are provided with guide pipe (5);Active foot plate (3) is tabular, and it is in length More than the length of every rank platform on direction, it is respectively arranged at the two ends with at least 2 alignment pins (31), and one of them alignment pin (31) is used for Coordinating with the guide pipe (5) on ladder platform, another alignment pin (31) is used for coordinating with the guide pipe (5) on hoistable platform, Active foot plate (3) and ladder (1) or hoistable platform (2) connect;Gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear (4) and hoistable platform (2) connect, and are used for controlling The lifting of hoistable platform processed (2).
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 1 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: described hoistable platform (2) 4 angles are respectively arranged with location wheel (22) and traveling wheel (23) below, and described location wheel is for the horizontal position of positioned-lifting platform (2) Putting, traveling wheel (23) is for coordinating with gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear (4).
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 2 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: described gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear (4) including motor (41), wirerope (42), guide rail (43), level sensor (44), level sensor (44) controls motor (41) Rotating, it is achieved the receipts of wirerope (42) or put, the traveling wheel (23) of hoistable platform (2) rises or falls along guide rail (43).
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 3 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: described wirerope (42) includes Rise wirerope (421) and decline wirerope (422).
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 2 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: described gangway ladder lowering or hoisting gear (4) include being installed on the guide rail (43) that the buoyancy tank (45) below hoistable platform coordinates with traveling wheel (23).
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 2 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: also include connection buoyancy tank And the hydraulic telescopic device (46) of hoistable platform (2) (45).
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 1 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: described ladder (1), lifting are flat Platform (2), Active foot plate (3) are made of steel.
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 1 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: described ladder (1) passes through two Fixing device on right-angle side is hinged with fixed quay or is welded to connect.
Fixed quay self adaptation the most according to claim 1 is gone on board gangway ladder, it is characterised in that: described Active foot plate (3) two End is respectively provided with 4 alignment pins (31), and wherein two alignment pins (31) of inner side coordinate with the guide pipe (5) on ladder, outside Guide pipe (5) on two alignment pins (31) and hoistable platform coordinates.
CN201620715333.7U 2016-06-12 2016-07-08 Fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder Withdrawn - After Issue CN205819494U (en)

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CN201620557684 2016-06-12

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CN201620715333.7U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205819494U (en) 2016-06-12 2016-07-08 Fixed quay self adaptation is gone on board gangway ladder

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106043607A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-10-26 中国人民解放军镇江船艇学院 Self-adaptive boarding accommodation ladder for fixed wharf
CN106394812A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-15 中铁第五勘察设计院集团有限公司 Quick boarding system used for port passenger ship

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES210608Y (en) * 1975-03-08 1976-10-01 Hernandez Gonzalez Catwalk-ladder for docking boats.
CH703371A2 (en) * 2010-06-21 2011-12-30 Peter A Mueller Tailgate means.
KR20130045963A (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-07 현대중공업 주식회사 Movable-ramp block
CN203544323U (en) * 2013-08-13 2014-04-16 张荣幸 Ship gangplank
CN106043607B (en) * 2016-06-12 2017-10-17 中国人民解放军镇江船艇学院 Fixed quay is adaptively gone on board gangway ladder

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106043607A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-10-26 中国人民解放军镇江船艇学院 Self-adaptive boarding accommodation ladder for fixed wharf
CN106043607B (en) * 2016-06-12 2017-10-17 中国人民解放军镇江船艇学院 Fixed quay is adaptively gone on board gangway ladder
CN106394812A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-15 中铁第五勘察设计院集团有限公司 Quick boarding system used for port passenger ship

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CN106043607A (en) 2016-10-26

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20161221

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