CN205780421U - A kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles - Google Patents

A kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205780421U
CN205780421U CN201620455468.4U CN201620455468U CN205780421U CN 205780421 U CN205780421 U CN 205780421U CN 201620455468 U CN201620455468 U CN 201620455468U CN 205780421 U CN205780421 U CN 205780421U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
torsion spring
drive sleeve
water pump
clutch
power transmission
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620455468.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王兆宇
徐军领
侯丰康
王庆海
王军鹏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Longkou Zhongyu Heat Management System Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Longkou Zhongyu Heat Management System Technology Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201620455468.4U priority Critical patent/CN205780421U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205780421U publication Critical patent/CN205780421U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

This utility model relates to a kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles.Clutch apparatus includes support, support, and drive sleeve is positioned at support and coordinates with holder pivots;Drive sleeve is fixing with belt pulley to be connected;One end of first power transmission shaft is positioned at described drive sleeve and is rotatably assorted with described drive sleeve;Having torsion spring back-up ring inside described drive sleeve, torsion spring back-up ring is fixing with one end of torsion spring to be connected, and torsion spring back-up ring and second driving shaft are assembled into one;The other end of torsion spring is connected with the one end handling block, handles one end and the adhesive dish clamping of block, handles block and drives torsion spring diameter to change by the rotation of self;Adhesive dish is pressed in drive sleeve by wavy spring;The other end handling block is assemblied on second driving shaft, handles block and is placed on second driving shaft;Second driving shaft and the fixing connection of the first power transmission shaft;Support and housing are assembled into one, and enclosure interior has coil;The other end of the first power transmission shaft protrudes from described housing and coordinates with housing into rotation.

Description

A kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical engineering and Vehicle Engineering technical equipment field, specifically, relate to a kind of clutch device Put, have water pump and the vehicles of this device.
Background technology
All of vehicle has a common feature work when, that is, need complete cooling system, because sending out Motivation can produce substantial amounts of heat during work, and too high temperature can badly influence engine work, it is necessary to will Temperature lowers, and at this time driven by engine drives water pump to carry out water circulating cooling work, feedwater pressurization so that it is follow in cooling Ring moves.
Common vehicle-mounted water pump begins to work when vehicle launch, but when vehicle just starts to start, vehicle motor Temperature is relatively low, and now water pump is started working, and has had a strong impact on engine temperature and has risen to suitable working range, has made electromotor Service behaviour by a certain degree of impact, thus cause the waste of a certain degree of fuel oil, and do not meet increasingly severe Vehicle environmental protection requirement.
Therefore, it is necessary to design the water pump of a kind of new construction, solve the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to as overcoming above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of clutch apparatus.This device is by design Brand-new structure so that it is can not start in the engine warms stage, make electromotor bring up to operating temperature as soon as possible.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that
A kind of clutch apparatus, including:
Support, support has inner chamber, and drive sleeve is positioned at rack bore and coordinates with holder pivots;
Described drive sleeve is fixing with belt pulley to be connected;
Described drive sleeve also has inner chamber, and one end of the first power transmission shaft is positioned at described drive sleeve and joins with the rotation of described drive sleeve Close;
Having torsion spring back-up ring inside described drive sleeve, torsion spring back-up ring is fixing with one end of torsion spring to be connected, and torsion spring back-up ring and second passes Moving axis is assembled into one;
The other end of described torsion spring is connected with one end of manipulation block, handles one end and the adhesive dish clamping of block, handles block by certainly The rotation of body drives torsion spring diameter to change;Adhesive dish is pressed in drive sleeve by wavy spring;
The other end of described manipulation block is assemblied on second driving shaft, handles block and is placed on second driving shaft;Second driving shaft with First power transmission shaft is fixing to be connected;
Described support and housing are assembled into one, and enclosure interior has coil;
The other end of described first power transmission shaft protrudes from described housing and coordinates with housing into rotation;
Wherein, attracting adhesive dish to move to the direction away from belt pulley after described coil electricity makes the first power transmission shaft become unpowered Axle.
Preferably, the described another kind of connected mode handling block is directly to be embedded in adhesive dish basis, by spring or ripple Spring is compressed and drive sleeve.
Preferably, described manipulation block is connected with controlfin, and is compressed with controlfin adhesive dish by adhesive dish by wavy spring Poewr transmission mechanism is formed with drive sleeve.
Preferably, described second driving shaft is consistent with the shape of torsion spring baffle plate interstitial hole with the installation site shape of torsion spring baffle plate, It can be any arbitrary shape not affecting clutch work.
Preferably, described torsion spring can be to use torsion spring or the torsion spring of variable diameters form of same diameter.
Preferably, described manipulation block can be carbon steel or plastic material.
Preferably, the steel that the material preferred hardness of described torsion spring back-up ring is higher, it is also possible to alternative aluminium alloy or plastics; Torsion spring back-up ring has installing hole, fixes and is connected, will not relatively rotate between its with driven shaft.
Preferably, described adhesive dish can open magnet isolation tank, and the form of groove can be groove, and half groove can also slotless.
Preferably, described adhesive dish basis, frictional disk and controlfin are adjacent to power with drive sleeve end face can be by electromagnetism or straight line Motor drives.
Preferably, described electromagnetic core can be single iron core, it is possible to do integral with housing.
Preferably, the material preferred rubber of described buffer stopper, it is also possible to be replaced by softer material.
Preferably, described torsion spring back-up ring has torsion spring mounting groove, and there is buffer stopper;
During torsion spring instantaneous expansion, bigger impact is produced to slow down.
Preferably, one end of described drive sleeve is pressed with brake pad.
Preferably, described wavy spring is stage clip or extension spring.
Preferably, described adhesive dish includes frictional disk, controlfin and adhesive dish basis;Frictional disk, controlfin and adhesive dish base Plinth is assembled into one.
Preferably, the inside of described torsion spring and/or drive sleeve has wear-resistant coating.
Preferably, the inside of described torsion spring and/or drive sleeve is filled with lubricant grease.
Described coil carries out time variant voltage control by PWM mode, uses higher PWM to lead the work that equivalence is higher in the moment started Make voltage, use relatively low PWM to lead the relatively low voltage of equivalence after adhesive and keep the duty of this adhesive;
Coil has two different running voltages, and the moment started working uses high voltage adhesive, to overcome adhesive hypodynamic State, uses low-voltage to keep attracting state after adhesive.
While said structure scheme is provided, present invention also offers a kind of water pump with above-mentioned clutch apparatus, this water Pump includes above-mentioned clutch apparatus, and one end that described first power transmission shaft protrudes from described housing is provided with impeller.
Preferably, the impeller of above-mentioned water pump preferably aial flow impeller, receded disk impeller or to have axial flow and centrifugal function concurrently be one The impeller of body.
As more preferably scheme, present invention also offers a kind of vehicles, these vehicles have electromotor and for sending out The cooling unit of motivation heat radiation, described cooling unit has water pump;
Described water pump is above-mentioned water pump.
In the above-mentioned vehicles, preferably motorcycle, three-wheeled motor car or automobile.
In above-mentioned water pump or the vehicles:
Belt pulley transmits motion to drive sleeve, and drive sleeve is internally installed torsion spring, and described one end is embedded in torsion spring back-up ring, The other end is connected with handling block, handles block and is connected with frictional disk, controlfin, and will be inhaled by compressing adhesive dish by wavy spring Conjunction dish, controlfin and frictional disk compress, and described torsion spring back-up ring is installed on one end of second driving shaft, torsion spring back-up ring and second Being relatively fixed between power transmission shaft, do not relatively rotate, second driving shaft and the first power transmission shaft interference connect, and handle block and behaviour Have, between vertical sheet, the installation relation determined, owing to spring attracts to compress and drive sleeve controlfin and frictional disk by adhesive dish, Drive sleeve drives frictional disk to rotate, and frictional disk drives controlfin to rotate, and manipulation block reverses torsion spring motion makes torsion spring swell diameter become Greatly, between torsion spring drive sleeve, produce bigger frictional force, handle block and transmit motion to torsion spring back-up ring and then transmission by torsion spring To second driving shaft, owing to second driving shaft and the first power transmission shaft interference connect, then drive the first drive axis, due to Impeller is installed between the other end of the first power transmission shaft, and impeller and the first power transmission shaft and is relatively fixed, and there is not relative fortune Dynamic relation, therefore the first power transmission shaft impeller rotates.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) operating of water pump is controlled by the power on/off of coil.At engine temperature ascent stage water air pump inoperative, then can Enough making electromotor be warmed up to faster set operating temperature, then pump operation is that electromotor cools down.Thus ensure that Motor vehicles does not the most affect the properly functioning of vehicle while improving fuel economy and reducing hazardous emission.
(2) under coil non-power status, the water pump of the present invention is consistent with the water pump of transmission cooling system, is vehicle launch water Pump operate so that even if coil or for coil power supply circuit damage in the case of still ensure that vehicle can normally use, Prevent the generation of the situation of boiling.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of clutch apparatus in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of water pump in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of torsion spring back-up ring in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of adhesive dish in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation on a kind of adhesive dish basis in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of another kind of adhesive dish in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the Facad structure schematic diagram of impeller in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the inverse layer structure schematic diagram of impeller in the present invention;
In figure: 1. screw, 2. belt pulley, 3. bearing, 4. support, 5. bearing, 6. drive sleeve, 7. torsion spring back-up ring, 8. turn round Spring, 9. second driving shaft, 10. handle block, 11. frictional disks, 12. controlfins, and 13. adhesive dishes are basic, 14. first power transmission shafts, 15. wavy springs, 16. packing rings, 17. coils, 18. housings, 19. water seals, 20. impellers, 21. adhesive dishes, 22. buffer stoppers.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1: a kind of clutch apparatus, its structure is as it is shown in figure 1, include:
Screw 1, belt pulley 2, bearing 3, support 4, bearing 5, drive sleeve 6, torsion spring back-up ring 7, torsion spring 8, driven set 9, Handle block 10, frictional disk 11, controlfin 12, adhesive dish basis 13, the first power transmission shaft 14, wavy spring 15, packing ring 16, Coil 17 and housing 18.
Wherein, described belt pulley 2 and drive sleeve 6 interference fit, in described drive sleeve 6, the outer ring of tipping bearing 5, described The inner ring of bearing 5 is installed on one end of the first power transmission shaft 14, the inner ring interference fit of described drive sleeve 6 and bearing 3, described The outer ring of bearing 3 and support 4 interference fit, described support 4 is assembled into integrally by screw 1 and housing 18, and described first One end of power transmission shaft protrudes from described housing 18 (part for described first power transmission shaft 14 is assemblied in housing 18) by bearing, For being assembled to form water pump with impeller.
In the inside of described drive sleeve 6, having torsion spring 8, described torsion spring 8 one end is connected with torsion spring back-up ring 7, torsion spring back-up ring 7 On there is torsion spring mounting groove, and there is buffer stopper 22.
The other end of described torsion spring 8 is connected with handling block 10, and one end of described manipulation block 10 is connected with frictional disk 11, friction Dish 11 and controlfin 12 and adhesive dish basis 13 are assembled into the adhesive dish of a kind of structure.Handle the other end and second of block 10 Power transmission shaft 9 connects, described second driving shaft 9 and the first power transmission shaft 14 interference fit.
Described torsion spring 8 expands and from drive sleeve 6, torsion is delivered to second driving shaft 9, drives the first power transmission shaft 14 to move,
Wherein, in coil 17 is installed on housing 18.
The torsion of drive sleeve 6, comes from belt pulley 2.
The clutch apparatus operation principle of the present embodiment is:
Belt pulley 2 is by motion special delivery to drive sleeve 6, and drive sleeve 6 is internally installed torsion spring 8, and described torsion spring 8 one end is embedded in Torsion spring back-up ring 7, the other end is connected with handling block 10, handles block 10 and is connected with frictional disk 11 controlfin 12, and by waveform bullet Spring 15 is compressed by adhesive dish basis 13;
Described torsion spring back-up ring 7 is installed on one end of second driving shaft 9, second driving shaft 9 and the first power transmission shaft 14 interference fit, Handling block 10 static relative to frictional disk 11, drive sleeve 6 drives frictional disk to rotate 11, and frictional disk 11 drives handles block 10, And then driving torsion spring 8 to move, torsion spring 8 expands against drive sleeve 6 and transmits motion to torsion spring back-up ring 7 and then be delivered to second Power transmission shaft 9, due to second driving shaft 9 and the first power transmission shaft 14 interference fit, then drives the first power transmission shaft 14 to rotate.
Produce magnetic field suction adhesive dish basis 13, adhesive dish basis 13 corrugating springs 15, frictional disk 11 when the coil is energized And the frictional force between drive sleeve 6 reduces, handling block 10 and start to rotate, torsion spring 8 holds second driving shaft 9 tightly, then first pass Dynamic first power transmission shaft 14 stops operating.
The water pump with the clutch apparatus that the present embodiment is provided also is safety type water pump, vehicle fault or other Situation under when not having electric current to control, water pump is equivalent to common vehicle-mounted water pump, does not interferes with the normal traveling of vehicle.
Embodiment 2: a kind of clutch apparatus, the device of this clutch refers to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 6, with the district of embodiment 1 It is not, removes the controlfin in embodiment 1 and frictional disk, directly use adhesive dish basis, by spring compression adhesive dish Basis realizes the kind of drive of embodiment 1.
The work process of this clutch apparatus is:
Belt pulley 2 is by motion special delivery to drive sleeve 6, and drive sleeve 6 is internally installed torsion spring 8, and described torsion spring 8 one end is embedded in Torsion spring back-up ring 7, the other end is connected with handling block 10, handles block 10 and is connected with adhesive dish basis 13, and by wavy spring 15 Being compressed by adhesive dish basis 13, contact with drive sleeve 6, described torsion spring back-up ring 7 is installed on the one of second driving shaft 9 End, second driving shaft 9 and the first power transmission shaft 14 interference fit, handle block 10 static relative to frictional disk 11, drive sleeve 6 Driving and handle block 10, and then drive torsion spring 8 to move, torsion spring 8 expands against drive sleeve 6 and transmits motion to torsion spring back-up ring 7 And then it is delivered to second driving shaft 9, due to second driving shaft 9 and the first power transmission shaft 14 interference fit, then drive the first biography Moving axis 14 rotates.Magnetic field suction adhesive dish basis 13, adhesive dish basis 13 corrugating springs are produced when coil 17 is energized 15, the frictional force between adhesive dish basis 13 and drive sleeve 6 reduces, and handles block 10 and starts to rotate, and torsion spring 8 is due to self Mechanical property shrink, torsion spring 8 holds driven second driving shaft 9 tightly, and the first power transmission shaft 14 stops operating.
Embodiment 3: a kind of clutch apparatus, this clutch apparatus as shown in Figure 4, with the difference of embodiment 1 with embodiment 2 Being, adhesive dish is not provided with magnetic conductive groove.
Embodiment 4: a kind of clutch apparatus, as it is shown on figure 3, the clutch apparatus of the present embodiment and embodiment 1, embodiment 2 and the difference of embodiment 3 be, described torsion spring back-up ring and driven shaft use circular port to be connected to driven shaft, use the side of welding Formula, makes the two will not occur in the middle of the axial relative installation site shape rotating moving axis torsion spring back-up ring and torsion spring back-up ring Hole can be the arbitrary shape not affecting clutch work, it is also possible to be circular or other do not affect the shape that water pump function realizes Shape.
Embodiment 5: as in figure 2 it is shown, a kind of water pump, this water pump include described in embodiment 1-4 any one of people's clutch device Put, and one end that described first power transmission shaft protrudes from described housing is provided with impeller 20 and water seal 19.
In the present embodiment, the impeller 20 of water pump is preferably aial flow impeller, receded disk impeller or the combining form of the two Impeller.
Wherein, described holddown spring can be flat-nosed cylinder spring.
Embodiment 6: a kind of vehicles, these vehicles have electromotor and for the cooling unit of engine radiating, institute State cooling unit and there is water pump;
Described water pump is the water pump described in embodiment 5.
Wherein, these vehicles are Water-cooling motorcycle.
Embodiment 7: a kind of vehicles, these vehicles have electromotor and for the cooling unit of engine radiating, institute State cooling unit and there is water pump;
Described water pump is the water pump described in embodiment 5.
Wherein, these vehicles are water-cooled three-wheeled motor car.
Embodiment 8: a kind of vehicles, these vehicles have electromotor and for the cooling unit of engine radiating, institute State cooling unit and there is water pump;
Described water pump is the water pump described in embodiment 5.
Wherein, these vehicles are water-cooled automobile.
Described above to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field be capable of or uses the present invention.To enforcement The multiple amendment of example will be apparent from for those skilled in the art, and generic principles defined herein is permissible Without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments, be not described in detail and partial enlargement The part presented, for prior art, does not repeats at this.Therefore, the present invention be not intended to be limited to shown in this article these Embodiment, and it is to fit to the widest scope consistent with principles disclosed herein and feature.

Claims (10)

1. a clutch apparatus, it is characterised in that including:
Support, support has inner chamber, and drive sleeve is positioned at rack bore and coordinates with holder pivots;
Described drive sleeve is fixing with belt pulley to be connected;
Described drive sleeve also has inner chamber, and one end of the first power transmission shaft is positioned at described drive sleeve and joins with the rotation of described drive sleeve Close;
Having torsion spring back-up ring inside described drive sleeve, torsion spring back-up ring is fixing with one end of torsion spring to be connected, and torsion spring back-up ring and second passes Moving axis is assembled into one;
The other end of described torsion spring is connected with one end of manipulation block, handles one end and the adhesive dish clamping of block, handles block by certainly The rotation of body drives torsion spring diameter to change;Adhesive dish is pressed in drive sleeve by wavy spring;
The other end of described manipulation block is assemblied on second driving shaft, handles block and is placed on second driving shaft;Second driving shaft with First power transmission shaft is fixing to be connected;
Described support and housing are assembled into one, and enclosure interior has coil;
The other end of described first power transmission shaft protrudes from described housing and coordinates with housing into rotation;
Wherein, attracting adhesive dish to move to the direction away from belt pulley after described coil electricity makes the first power transmission shaft become unpowered Axle.
Clutch apparatus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that on described torsion spring back-up ring, there is torsion spring mounting groove, And there is buffer stopper.
Clutch apparatus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that one end of described drive sleeve is pressed with brake pad.
Clutch apparatus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described wavy spring is stage clip or extension spring.
Clutch apparatus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described adhesive dish includes frictional disk, controlfin And adhesive dish basis;Frictional disk, controlfin and adhesive dish basis are assembled into one.
Clutch apparatus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the inside tool of described torsion spring and/or drive sleeve There is wear-resistant coating.
7. a water pump, it is characterised in that this water pump includes the clutch apparatus described in any one of claim 1-6, and institute State the first power transmission shaft to protrude from one end of described housing impeller is installed.
Water pump the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the leaf of described water pump is aial flow impeller, centrifugal leaf Take turns or have the impeller that axial flow is integrated with centrifugal function concurrently.
9. vehicles, these vehicles have electromotor and for the cooling unit of engine radiating, described cooling Unit has water pump;It is characterized in that, described water pump is the water pump described in claim 7 or 8.
The vehicles the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the described vehicles are motorcycle, three-wheel Automobile or automobile.
CN201620455468.4U 2016-05-17 2016-05-17 A kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles Withdrawn - After Issue CN205780421U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620455468.4U CN205780421U (en) 2016-05-17 2016-05-17 A kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620455468.4U CN205780421U (en) 2016-05-17 2016-05-17 A kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205780421U true CN205780421U (en) 2016-12-07

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CN201620455468.4U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205780421U (en) 2016-05-17 2016-05-17 A kind of clutch apparatus, the water pump with this device and the vehicles

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105782266A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-20 龙口中宇热管理系统科技有限公司 Clutch device, water pump with same, and vehicle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105782266A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-20 龙口中宇热管理系统科技有限公司 Clutch device, water pump with same, and vehicle

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20161207

Effective date of abandoning: 20180109

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned