CN205770323U - A kind of fruit boxing apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of fruit boxing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205770323U
CN205770323U CN201620506818.5U CN201620506818U CN205770323U CN 205770323 U CN205770323 U CN 205770323U CN 201620506818 U CN201620506818 U CN 201620506818U CN 205770323 U CN205770323 U CN 205770323U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
fixed
vertical transport
bracing frame
boxing apparatus
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620506818.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈军
王亚龙
杨贞
靳红玲
赵友亮
冯涛
党革荣
韩冰
武鸣放
刘宝选
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Northwest A&F University filed Critical Northwest A&F University
Priority to CN201620506818.5U priority Critical patent/CN205770323U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205770323U publication Critical patent/CN205770323U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The open a kind of fruit boxing apparatus of this utility model, mainly include bracing frame, main connecting gear, vertical transport, rotating mechanism, hoisting mechanism and fruit case, bracing frame plays a supportive role, main connecting gear is fixed on bracing frame, carrying fruit for boxing apparatus, vertical transport is arranged on main connecting gear end, and rotating mechanism is arranged on vertical transport side, hoisting mechanism is arranged in main connecting gear and vertical transport, and really case is placed on immediately below rotating mechanism.Of the present utility model it is characterised by along with the carrying out of fruit binning process, fruit piling height changes, vertical transport can promote certain height under the effect of control system and hoisting mechanism, guarantee the seriality that fruit is cased, avoid the sharp impacts of fruit cartonning link simultaneously, reach to improve boxing efficiency, reduce the purpose of fruit damage ratio.

Description

A kind of fruit boxing apparatus
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of boxing apparatus, is specifically related to the dress of the fruits such as a kind of Fructus Mali pumilae, melonidum Case apparatus, its feature is that boxing apparatus end can be automatically adjusted with casing relative altitude.
Background technology
Gather in orchard, in the production link such as fruit sorting and transport fruits, fruit vanning machinery Widely, fresh fruit such as Fructus Mali pumilae, melonidum, Fructus Persicae etc. are owing to epidermis is thin, easy damaged for potential application Etc. feature, require in binning process fruit drop apart from short, collision energy is little, with reduce fruit damage, Ensure economic benefit.China relies on manual work in a large number in fruit vanning link at present, intensity is big, efficiency is low, Cost is high, and less for the plant equipment category of fresh fruit vanning, and actual application is extremely limited.
The utility model proposes a kind of fruit boxing apparatus, it is possible to the completeest under conditions of low damage ratio Become fruit terminal transmission and vanning.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve, fruit boxing efficiency is low, the problem of easy damaged, and this utility model provides a kind of fruit Boxing apparatus, by the cooperation of each mechanism, ensures transporter end and fruit heap in the course of the work Long-pending plane is in the altitude range without falling damage all the time, thus reduces fruit damage ratio, improves crater Make efficiency.
This utility model solves its technical problem and be employed technical scheme comprise that a kind of fruit boxing apparatus, Mainly include bracing frame, main connecting gear, vertical transport, rotating mechanism, hoisting mechanism and fruit case, Described main connecting gear is fixed on bracing frame, and described vertical transport is arranged on main connecting gear end, Described rotating mechanism is arranged on vertical transport side, and described hoisting mechanism is arranged on main connecting gear and hangs down On straight connecting gear, described fruit case is placed on immediately below rotating mechanism.
The effect of bracing frame is to support main connecting gear, vertical transport, rotating mechanism and elevator Structure;The effect of main connecting gear is to send fruit to vertical transport;The effect of vertical transport is Fruit is transmitted downwards;The effect of rotating mechanism is to ensure that the planarization that fruit is piled up, and at fruit heap Long-pending plane rises to trigger during certain height the detection signal of hoisting mechanism;The effect of hoisting mechanism is to control to hang down The height of straight connecting gear, it is ensured that fruit height when rotating mechanism drops fruit case is in set point.
As of the present utility model preferably, main connecting gear at least includes main belt, cylinder, servo Motor I, fixed mount, described main belt is furnished with dividing plate and shirt rim, cylinder strains, and described cylinder leads to Crossing bearing block to be arranged on fixed mount, described servomotor I is arranged on fixed mount side, drives cylinder and carries Dynamic main belt work, described fixed mount is arranged on bracing frame.
As of the present utility model preferably, vertical transport at least include vertical conveyors, upper cylinder, Bottom roll, belt tensioning drum, U-shaped frame, servomotor II, sprocket wheel I, sprocket wheel II, chain, angle bracing frame, Movable swash plate, extension spring, bevel gear I, with tilt clapboard in described vertical conveyors, described upper cylinder, Bottom roll, belt tensioning drum are all fixed on U-shaped frame by bearing block, and described servomotor II is arranged on U-shaped frame Top, described sprocket wheel I is arranged on the axle of servomotor II, and described sprocket wheel II is arranged on cylinder end, Described chain is arranged on sprocket wheel I and sprocket wheel II, and described angle bracing frame is fixed on U-shaped frame, described movable oblique Plate is arranged on the bracing frame of angle, and described extension spring one end is connected on the bracing frame of angle, the other end be fixed on movable The adnexa of swash plate end connects, and described bevel gear I is arranged on bottom roll end.
As of the present utility model preferably, rotating mechanism at least includes bevel gear II, splined sleeve, flower Key axle, central block, stage clip, swivel mount, described bevel gear II engages with bevel gear I, is arranged on spline housing On cylinder, described splined sleeve is arranged on the U-shaped frame side of vertical transport by bearing block and bearing bracket Face, described splined shaft is nested in splined sleeve, and described central block is fixed on splined shaft lower end, described stage clip Being arranged between central block and splined sleeve, described swivel mount has 8, is distributed on central block surrounding, on it It is pasted with padded coaming.
As of the present utility model preferably, hoisting mechanism at least include elevator belt, spool, motor, Fixed support, link, slide block, line slideway, proximity switch, control chamber, described elevator belt one end with The angle bracing frame of vertical transport is fixed, and the other end is fixed with spool, and described spool is installed by bearing block On fixed support, described motor is arranged on fixed support, and is connected with spool by shaft coupling, Described fixed support is fixed on link, and described link is arranged on the fixed mount of main connecting gear, institute Stating slide block to be fixed on link, and be nested on line slideway, described line slideway has two, symmetrical Being arranged in the U-shaped frame both sides of vertical transport, described proximity switch is arranged on the angle of vertical transport and supports On the arc of frame, and being turned on control chamber by wire, described control chamber is fixed on outside link.
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus that the utility model proposes, mainly include bracing frame, main connecting gear, Vertical transport, rotating mechanism, hoisting mechanism and fruit case.This device, before vanning work, needs to pass through Control chamber controls hoisting mechanism action, makes rotating mechanism lower end be in without falling damage with the distance of empty fruit case bottom Hinder in altitude range;Vanning work starts, and main belt moves under the effect of servomotor I and cylinder, The fruit putting into main belt moves to vertical transport direction, enters in vertical conveyors, vertically passes Send band servomotor II, sprocket wheel I, chain, sprocket wheel II, on cylinder, bottom roll effect under move, Make fruit fall and roll into movable swash plate, now, swivel mount by bottom roll, bevel gear I, bevel gear II, Splined sleeve, splined shaft, the power transmission line of central block rotate, and fruit leaves movable swash plate and leads to Crossing swivel mount and fall into fruit case, this is that in the case of this kind, hoisting mechanism does not works without promoting fruit binning process, Movable swash plate is in, under extension spring, spacer pin effect, the state of triggering, does not contacts with swivel mount, and swivel mount exists It is in extreme lower position under stage clip and action of gravity;After carrying out repeatedly without promoting fruit binning process, really fruit in case Real plane of piling up rises, and makes swivel mount be subject to thrust upwards, moves upward together with central block, splined shaft, Swivel mount contacts with movable swash plate, makes movable swash plate overcome tension spring tension and self gravitation to rotate, and triggers Proximity switch produces detection signal, and device enters lifting fruit binning process, after control chamber receives signal Control motor and turn over the angle of setting, drive reel convolution elevator belt, make vertical transport, rotation Mechanism is linearly lifted up corresponding height in guide rail direction, and correspondingly, swivel mount, central block, splined shaft return To extreme lower position, movable swash plate returns to not trigger state, and during this, other mechanisms normally work, fruit Still carry out to the transmission process of fruit case;The most repeatedly without promoting fruit binning process and having lifting fruit After real binning process, really case is filled, main connecting gear, vertical transport, rotating mechanism stop motion, After operator rise to certain altitude by control chamber Non-follow control hoisting mechanism, carry out changing case operation;Weight Multiple above-mentioned binning process.
This utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus provides the benefit that: utilize the cooperating of each mechanism, Guarantee binning process realizes fruit continuously, quickly, steadily transmit, avoid fruit cartonning link simultaneously Sharp impacts, significantly improves vanning work efficiency on the premise of the low damage ratio of fruit;Additionally, this vanning Device has the stronger suitability, can be widely used in orchard picking, fruit sorting, transport fruits etc. multiple Working link.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of this utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus.
Fig. 2 is the front view of this utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus.
Fig. 3 is the left view of this utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of this utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus bracing frame and main connecting gear.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of this utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus vertical transport.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of this utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus rotating mechanism
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of this utility model a kind of fruit boxing apparatus hoisting mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1-Fig. 7, this utility model is further described:
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, a kind of fruit boxing apparatus, mainly include bracing frame 1, main connecting gear, Vertical transport, rotating mechanism, hoisting mechanism and fruit case 33, described main connecting gear is fixed on bracing frame 1 On, described vertical transport is arranged on main connecting gear end, and described rotating mechanism is arranged on vertical transmission Mechanism side, described hoisting mechanism is arranged in main connecting gear and vertical transport, and described fruit case 33 is put Put immediately below rotating mechanism.
As shown in Figure 4, main connecting gear includes main belt 2, servomotor I 3, fixed mount 4, rolling Cylinder, described main belt 2 is furnished with dividing plate and shirt rim, cylinder strains, and described cylinder is installed by bearing block On fixed mount 4, described servomotor I 3 is arranged on fixed mount 4 side, drives cylinder and drives main belt 2 work, described fixed mount 4 is arranged on bracing frame 1.
As it is shown in figure 5, vertical transport includes vertical conveyors 5, upper cylinder 6, bottom roll 7, opens Tight cylinder 8, U-shaped frame 9, servomotor II 10, sprocket wheel I 11, sprocket wheel II 12, chain 13, angle bracing frame 14, Movable swash plate 15, extension spring 16, bevel gear I 17, with tilt clapboard in described vertical conveyors 5, described on Cylinder 6, bottom roll 7, belt tensioning drum 8 are all fixed on U-shaped frame 9 by bearing block, described servomotor II 10 Being arranged on U-shaped frame 9 top, described sprocket wheel I 11 is arranged on the axle of servomotor II 10, described sprocket wheel II 12 Being arranged on cylinder 6 end, described chain 13 is arranged on sprocket wheel I 11 and sprocket wheel II 12, described angle bracing frame 14 are fixed on U-shaped frame 9, and described movable swash plate 15 is arranged on angle bracing frame 14, and described extension spring 16 one end is even Being connected on angle bracing frame 14, the other end is connected with the adnexa being fixed on movable swash plate 15 end, described bevel gear I 17 is arranged on bottom roll 7 end.
As shown in Figure 6, rotating mechanism includes bevel gear II 18, splined sleeve 19, splined shaft 20, center Block 21, stage clip 22, swivel mount 23, described bevel gear II 18 engages with bevel gear I 17, is arranged on spline housing On cylinder 19, described splined sleeve 19 is arranged on the U-shaped frame of vertical transport by bearing block and bearing bracket 9 sides, described splined shaft 20 is nested in splined sleeve 19, and described central block 21 is fixed on splined shaft 20 lower end, Described stage clip 22 is arranged between central block 21 and splined sleeve 19, and described swivel mount 23 has 8, is distributed on Central block 21 surrounding, it is pasted with padded coaming.
As it is shown in fig. 7, hoisting mechanism includes elevator belt 24, spool 25, motor 26, fixed support 27, link 28, slide block 29, line slideway 30, proximity switch 31, control chamber 32, described elevator belt 24 One end is fixing with the angle bracing frame 14 of vertical transport, and the other end is fixed with spool 25, and described spool 25 leads to Crossing bearing block to be arranged on fixed support 27, described motor 26 is arranged on fixed support 27, and passes through Shaft coupling is connected with spool 25, and described fixed support 27 is fixed on link 28, and described link 28 is installed On the fixed mount 4 of main connecting gear, described slide block 29 is fixed on link 28, and is nested in line slideway On 30, described line slideway 30 has two, is arranged symmetrically in U-shaped frame 9 both sides of vertical transport, institute State proximity switch 31 to be arranged on the arc of angle bracing frame 14 of vertical transport, and by wire and control Case 32 processed turns on, and described control chamber 32 is fixed on outside link 28.
This device, before vanning work, needs to control hoisting mechanism action by control chamber 32, makes rotation Mechanism lower end is in without falling in damage altitude range with the distance of empty fruit case 33 bottom;Vanning work starts, Main belt 2 moves under the effect of servomotor I 3 and cylinder, and the fruit putting into main belt 2 passes to vertical Sending mechanism's direction motion, enter in vertical conveyors 5, vertical conveyors 5 is at servomotor II 10, sprocket wheel I 11, chain 13, sprocket wheel II 12, upper cylinder 6, bottom roll 7 effect under move, make fruit fall and roll Entering movable swash plate 15, now, swivel mount 23 is by bottom roll 7, bevel gear I 17, bevel gear II 18, spline Sleeve 19, splined shaft 20, the power transmission line of central block 21 rotate, and fruit leaves movable swash plate 15 fall into fruit case 33 by swivel mount 23, and this is without promoting fruit binning process, in the case of this kind, elevator Structure does not works, and movable swash plate 15 is in, under extension spring 16, spacer pin effect, the state of triggering, with swivel mount 23 Not contacting, swivel mount 23 is in extreme lower position under stage clip 22 and action of gravity;Carry out repeatedly without promoting fruit After binning process, really in case 33, fruit piles up plane rising, makes swivel mount 23 be subject to thrust upwards, together with Central block 21, splined shaft 20 move upward, and swivel mount 23 contacts with movable swash plate 15, make movable swash plate 15 grams Taking extension spring 16 pulling force and self gravitation rotates, trigger proximity switch 31 and produce detection signal, device enters Having lifting fruit binning process, control chamber 32 controls motor 26 after receiving signal and turns over the angle of setting, Drive spool 25 scrolling elevator belt 24, make vertical transport, rotating mechanism linearly guide rail 30 direction upwards Promoting corresponding height, correspondingly, swivel mount 23, central block 21, splined shaft 20 return to extreme lower position, movably Swash plate 15 returns to not trigger state, and during this, other mechanisms normally work, and fruit is to the transmission of fruit case 33 Process still carries out;After the most repeatedly without promoting fruit binning process and having lifting fruit binning process, Really case 33 is filled, and main connecting gear, vertical transport, rotating mechanism stop motion, operator pass through After control chamber 32 Non-follow control hoisting mechanism rises to certain altitude, carry out changing case operation;Repeat above-mentioned vanning Process.
This utility model one fruit boxing apparatus, by the cooperation of each mechanism, reaches fruit week In phase, seriality vanning, significantly improves fruit boxing efficiency, is simultaneously introduced Automated condtrol, make work process Middle transporter end and fruit are piled up plane and are in all the time in the altitude range without falling damage, it is ensured that relatively Low fruit damage ratio, the synchronization making vanning achieve work efficiency and fruit damage ratio improves, and has Good economic benefit and market prospect.

Claims (8)

1. a fruit boxing apparatus, including bracing frame (1), main connecting gear, vertical transport, rotation Rotation mechanism, hoisting mechanism and fruit case (33), it is characterised in that: described main connecting gear is fixed on bracing frame (1) On, described vertical transport is arranged on main connecting gear end, and described rotating mechanism is arranged on vertical transmission Mechanism side, described hoisting mechanism is arranged in main connecting gear and vertical transport, described fruit case (33) It is placed on immediately below rotating mechanism.
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described main conveyer Structure is made up of main belt (2), servomotor I (3), fixed mount (4), cylinder, described main belt (2) being furnished with dividing plate and shirt rim on, cylinder strain, described cylinder is arranged on fixed mount (4) by bearing block On, described servomotor I (3) is arranged on fixed mount (4) side, drives cylinder and drives main belt (2) work, described fixed mount (4) is arranged on bracing frame (1).
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described vertical transmission Mechanism by vertical conveyors (5), upper cylinder (6), bottom roll (7), belt tensioning drum (8), U-shaped frame (9), Servomotor II (10), sprocket wheel I (11), sprocket wheel II (12), chain (13), angle bracing frame (14), Movable swash plate (15), extension spring (16), bevel gear I (17) composition, the upper band of described vertical conveyors (5) Tilt clapboard, described upper cylinder (6), bottom roll (7), belt tensioning drum (8) is had all to be fixed by bearing block On U-shaped frame (9), described servomotor II (10) is arranged on U-shaped frame (9) top, described sprocket wheel I (11) is arranged on the axle of servomotor II (10), and described sprocket wheel II (12) is arranged on cylinder (6) End, described chain (13) is arranged on sprocket wheel I (11) and sprocket wheel II (12), described angle bracing frame (14) being fixed on U-shaped frame (9), described movable swash plate (15) is arranged on angle bracing frame (14), Described extension spring (16) one end is connected on angle bracing frame (14), the other end be fixed on movable swash plate (15) The adnexa of end connects, and described bevel gear I (17) is arranged on bottom roll (7) end.
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described rotating mechanism By bevel gear II (18), splined sleeve (19), splined shaft (20), central block (21), stage clip (22), Swivel mount (23) forms, and described bevel gear II (18) is engaged with bevel gear I (17), bevel gear II (18) Being arranged on splined sleeve (19), described splined sleeve (19) is installed by bearing block and bearing bracket In U-shaped frame (9) side of vertical transport, described splined shaft (20) is nested in splined sleeve (19) In, described central block (21) is fixed on splined shaft (20) lower end, and described stage clip (22) is arranged on center Between block (21) and splined sleeve (19), described swivel mount (23) has 8, is distributed on central block (21) surrounding, it is pasted with padded coaming.
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described hoisting mechanism By elevator belt (24), spool (25), motor (26), fixed support (27), link (28), Slide block (29), line slideway (30), proximity switch (31), control chamber (32) form, described elevator belt (24) one end is fixed with the angle bracing frame (14) of vertical transport, and the other end is fixed with spool (25), Described spool (25) is arranged on fixed support (27) by bearing block, and described motor (26) is pacified It is contained on fixed support (27), and is connected with spool (25) by shaft coupling, described fixed support (27) Being fixed on link (28), described link (28) is arranged on the fixed mount (4) of main connecting gear, Described slide block (29) is fixed on link (28), and is nested on line slideway (30), described directly Line guide rail (30) is arranged on U-shaped frame (9) both sides of vertical transport, and described proximity switch (31) is pacified It is contained on the arc of angle bracing frame (14) of vertical transport, and by wire and control chamber (32) Conducting, described control chamber (32) is fixed on link (28) outside.
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described swivel mount (23) Power transmission line be followed successively by servomotor II (10), sprocket wheel I (11), chain (13), sprocket wheel II (12), Upper cylinder (6), vertical conveyors (5), bottom roll (7), bevel gear I (17), bevel gear II (18), Splined sleeve (19), splined shaft (20), central block (21).
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: when proximity switch (31) After movable swash plate (15) action being detected, control chamber (32) controls motor (26) and drives spool (25) Rotate, scrolling elevator belt (24), and then drive vertical transport to rise.
A kind of fruit boxing apparatus the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described slide block (29) Have two sets with line slideway (30), be arranged symmetrically in U-shaped frame (9) both sides of vertical transport, for Vertical transport provides and guides.
CN201620506818.5U 2016-05-23 2016-05-23 A kind of fruit boxing apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN205770323U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620506818.5U CN205770323U (en) 2016-05-23 2016-05-23 A kind of fruit boxing apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620506818.5U CN205770323U (en) 2016-05-23 2016-05-23 A kind of fruit boxing apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205770323U true CN205770323U (en) 2016-12-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107416264A (en) * 2016-05-23 2017-12-01 西北农林科技大学 A kind of fruit boxing apparatus
CN108408166A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-08-17 合肥普发谐利信息科技有限公司 A kind of tealeaves blanking packing apparatus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107416264A (en) * 2016-05-23 2017-12-01 西北农林科技大学 A kind of fruit boxing apparatus
CN108408166A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-08-17 合肥普发谐利信息科技有限公司 A kind of tealeaves blanking packing apparatus

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161207

Termination date: 20170523