CN205703273U - A kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines - Google Patents

A kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205703273U
CN205703273U CN201620366558.6U CN201620366558U CN205703273U CN 205703273 U CN205703273 U CN 205703273U CN 201620366558 U CN201620366558 U CN 201620366558U CN 205703273 U CN205703273 U CN 205703273U
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China
Prior art keywords
base
vertical
workbench
saddle
column
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CN201620366558.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜辉
许普生
周蕾
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Shanghai Daqiao Yuyuan Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Shanghai Daqiao Yuyuan Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

This utility model relates to a kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines, including fuselage, base, vertical column, horizontal column and saddle.Described fuselage and the cross section of base are cross, and the two ends of fuselage are installed with vertical column and horizontal column, and base is provided with X-axis feed arrangement;Described saddle is arranged on above base, is connected with base by the X-axis guide rail on base, and X-axis guide rail is laterally disposed between two columns;Being provided with turntable on described saddle, have workbench above turntable, workbench connects the board realizing workbench exchange therewith.The novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines that this utility model provides, the processing of the diverse location to workpiece, different directions can be completed, provide the rigidity of a kind of complete machine, the higher Compositions of metal-working machines of stability, operating space and tool changing district are completely separable simultaneously, work workpiece loading and unloading convenient to operate or crane lifting workpiece, it is easy to the transfer matic crawl to workpiece, and is capable of the exchange of double-workbench.

Description

A kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines
Technical field
This utility model belongs to processing technique field, a kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines.
Background technology
Current vertical sleeping compound machining center is broadly divided into following several:
1. vertical sleeping conversion type machining center: on the basis of horizontal Machining centers, increase a set of major axis horizontal direction and hang down Nogata to shifter, it is achieved the processing of vertical sleeping both direction, can not only process above part, turning of cooperating platform Position, also can be processed for the side all directions of part to be processed.
The most flame five-sided machining center: for the above processing of heavy parts, can by installing side milling head additional, for The side of part is processed
3 single columns are vertical sleeping compound: vertical main shaft and sleeping main shaft are arranged above and below on a column.
4. pair dynamic post is vertical sleeping compound: vertical main shaft and sleeping main shaft are respectively on two columns, and two columns are each along one Axial guidance moves, and two tool magazines are respectively vertical sleeping main shaft tool changing
The most existing pair of vertical columns is vertical sleeping compound: vertical sleeping main shaft respectively on two columns, the side of base upper rail To being parallel to the line of two columns, saddle moves along base rail above base rail, and rotary table moves on saddle Dynamic.
But, above-mentioned Compositions of metal-working machines has following defect respectively:
1. vertical sleeping conversion type machining center: can realize clamped one time can not only process above, and can process each of side Individual direction.But owing to the main spindle box of machining center is very important parts, not only complicated and also in rigidity, torsion, essence The aspect such as degree, high rotating speed, low noise, long-life is desirable that the highest.Keep the highest technology requirement, realize Vertical Square again To the mutual conversion with horizontal direction, technical difficulty and manufacturing cost are the most very large, and with domestic current technology level From the point of view of, it is also difficult to ensure higher reliability.
2. gantry machining center: in order to realize above clamped one time processing and side, although dress automatically can be used Unload the mode of side milling head, but the different directions of side will add man-hour, requires again side milling head to allow for automatically and changes angle, this The type price of sample is much more expensive, and non-general user can bear.Simultaneously because the reason in flame structure, machining accuracy side Face is more lower slightly than above-mentioned several types, is mainly used in the processing of heavy parts.
3. single column is vertical sleeping compound: the structure that single column, vertical sleeping main shaft are arranged above and below so that sleeping main shaft is had to very Low, just cannot process if workpiece is higher;Simultaneously as the automatic tool changer (tool magazine) of sleeping main shaft is the lowest, right The most highly difficult in the protection of cutting fluid and the iron filings etc. that add man-hour, it is easy to causing trouble.Vertical sleeping main shaft left-right situs structure, with Sample also exists the most serious defect: because of interfere cause that the range of work is limited, have a main shaft be difficulty with automatic tool changer, It is difficult to ensure that two main shafts have enough processing rigidity and precision etc..
4. pair moving column type will vertically move owing to founding sleeping two set main spindle boxes on respective column, and two columns are also simultaneously Being required for back and forth or left and right to move, program manufacture difficulty, manufacturing cost are the highest, and practical value is little.
The most existing pair of vertical columns is vertical sleeping compound, owing to the guide rail on base is oriented parallel to the line of two columns, The direction of saddle is horizontally placed between two columns, and workbench can be worked as substantially beyond the scope of base in this structure usual saddle two When being positioned at saddle two, the rigidity of lathe and stability can be deteriorated, so generally without departing from too much, work-handling position is the most not Convenient.Two tool magazines adding existing structure are separately mounted to the both sides of two column lines, the namely top at saddle two Will there is tool magazine, if so the work-handling position of this structure machine tool runs into when workpiece must use more greatly crane is difficult to accomplish Do not interfere.And owing to saddle is not suitable for beyond base too many, make workbench be difficult to arrive the position being suitable for exchange, the most relatively Difficulty realizes double-workbench exchange.It is exactly also the length direction of the existing structure saddle axial line that is perpendicular to horizontal main axis, sleeping Under formula machining state, most cases is along spindle axis line direction stress larger, and when especially boring reaming, existing structure is along main Axle direction of axis line is the width of saddle, and size is shorter, so rigidity can be caused not enough.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model has been a kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines, overcomes existing all kinds of being combined and adds In place of the technical deficiency of work center foregoing description.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines, including fuselage, base, Vertical column, horizontal column and saddle.Described fuselage and the cross section of base are cross, and the two ends of fuselage are installed with Vertical column and horizontal column, base is provided with X-axis feed arrangement;Described saddle is arranged on above base, passes through base On X-axis guide rail be connected with base, X-axis guide rail is laterally disposed between two columns;On described saddle, turntable is installed, at turntable Top have workbench;Described workbench connects the board realizing workbench exchange therewith;On described vertical column Being provided with vertical spindle case, vertical spindle case is provided with vertical machining spindle and the first tool magazine being connected with vertical machining spindle; Horizontal main axis case is installed on described horizontal column, horizontal main axis case is provided with horizontal machining spindle and processes master with horizontal The second tool magazine that axle connects.
Described X-axis feed arrangement includes that X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis screw mandrel run through whole saddle, X-axis by the through hole on saddle Screw mandrel two ends are fixed on base.
The first described tool magazine and the second tool magazine are in vertical column, the same side of horizontal column line.
The novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of this utility model explanation, for the part needing multiaspect to process, in order to reduce Operation, the concordance of machining accuracy of improving, clamped one time is tried one's best the requirement of whole completion of processing, it is provided that more preferably solve Scheme, the rigidity of complete machine, stability are higher, and operating space and tool changing district are completely separable simultaneously, it is simple to operative employee's workpiece loading and unloading or hang Car lifting workpiece, it is simple to the transfer matic crawl to workpiece, and it is capable of the exchange of double-workbench.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall schematic of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the movable workbench of the present utility model structural representation to X-axis extreme position;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that this utility model realizes when workbench exchanges.
Detailed description of the invention
With embodiment, this utility model is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, a kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines that this utility model describes, including fuselage 1, base 18, vertical column 2, horizontal column 12 and saddle 9, the cross section of described fuselage and base 18 is cross, fuselage 1 Two ends be installed with vertical column 2 and horizontal column 12, base 18 is provided with X-axis feed arrangement 19;Described saddle 9 Be arranged on above base 18, be connected with base 18 by the X-axis guide rail 8 on base 18, X-axis guide rail be laterally disposed in two columns it Between;On described saddle 9, turntable 10 is installed, above turntable 10, has workbench 11;Described workbench 11 connect have with Realize workbench exchange board 23;Vertical spindle case 3 is installed on described vertical column 2, vertical spindle case 3 sets There are vertical machining spindle 4 and the first tool magazine 5 being connected with vertical machining spindle 4;It is provided with sleeping on described horizontal column (12) Formula main spindle box 13, horizontal main axis case 13 is provided with horizontal machining spindle 14 and the second tool magazine being connected with horizontal machining spindle 14 16。
Fuselage, base are cross, and two fixing columns are installed on two of a cross line, and stability is splendid. Double columns are all fixed patterns, the most stable but also easily fabricated.X-axis guide rail on base is laterally disposed between two columns, and workbench is not Opinion moves to any position, have the support of base below, lathe will be caused unstable because of unsettled.During machining center work, Workpiece is fixedly mounted on workbench 11, according to the position of processing, utilizes the technology such as monitoring, numerical control accurately to determine workbench 11 Displacement on horizontal axis and the angle of turntable 10, coordinate control system and drive system, under horizontal machining state, and can be right The side of workpiece is processed, and turntable can carry out arbitrarily angled indexing according to control command simultaneously, thus can be workpiece One week whole completion of processing in multiple sides.Under vertical machining state, workbench in the horizontal direction two orthogonal axially Mobile, vertical main shaft moves up and down on main spindle box, can complete the processing above workpiece.
As in figure 2 it is shown, when workbench 11 moves to X-axis extreme position (work-handling region), if without board, Workbench 11 can the most unsettled, do not affect machine stability on the premise of, automatic assembly line or industrial robot are captured Bring great convenience with placing workpiece, be conducive to simplifying the design of transfer matic, reducing the cost of transfer matic.As it is shown on figure 3, We use such a board, comprise bracket 22, lift drive mechanism, and carrier profile is S-type, is provided with U-shaped torr Card.When workbench 11 moves to X-axis extreme position, the bracket 22 on board 23 rotates counterclockwise 90 by resting state Degree arrives workbench 11 position, and U-shaped torr card blocks workbench, and bracket upwards holds up workbench 11 under the effect of driving means, Revolving turnback the most counterclockwise, the outer workbench 21 of machine realizes location swap with workbench 11, and then bracket puts down downwards workbench Realize in machine, the outer workbench of machine exchanges, and the last dextrorotation of bracket turn 90 degrees and returns to resting state.So, operative employee is only Need to change the workpiece on outside workbench, change workpiece and do not interfere with machine tooling, make the operative employee can the most simultaneously Operate more multiple stage lathe and do not interfere with the processing beat of lathe.
If there is a need to, first tool magazine the 5, second tool magazine 16 carries out to respectively vertical machining spindle 4, horizontal machining spindle 14 Tool changing operation, then can carry out following process, therefore middle without again clamping workpiece, and production efficiency and joint can be greatly improved About manpower.
There is X-axis screw mandrel 7 described saddle 9 internal running through, and X-axis screw mandrel 7 two ends are fixed on base 18.Due to this example Saddle have employed saddle body and replaces nut seat, structure without nut seat, significantly reduces along the axial side of saddle horizontal vertical To power on machining accuracy and the impact of rigidity.
The first described tool magazine 5 and the second tool magazine 16 are in vertical column 2, the same side of horizontal column 12 line.Use this The scheme of sample, work-handling region is completely separable with tool magazine region, will not interfere, convenient operation and convenient use Crane.
The present invention is illustrated by use above specific case, is only intended to help and understands the present invention, not in order to limit The present invention processed.For those skilled in the art, according to the thought of the present invention, it is also possible to make some simply Deduce, deform or replace.

Claims (3)

1. a novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines, including fuselage (1), base (18), vertical column (2), horizontal column (12) and saddle (9), it is characterised in that described fuselage (1) and the cross section of base (18) are cross, the two of fuselage (1) End is installed with vertical column (2) and horizontal column (12), and base (18) is provided with X-axis feed arrangement (19);Described Saddle (9) is arranged on base (18) top, is connected with base (18) by the X-axis guide rail (8) on base (18), and X-axis guide rail is horizontal To being placed between two columns;On described saddle (9), turntable (10) is installed, has workbench (11) in the top of turntable (10); Described workbench (11) connects the board (23) realizing workbench exchange therewith;Described vertical column (2) is upper to be installed Vertical spindle case (3), vertical spindle case (3) is had to be provided with vertical machining spindle (4) and be connected with vertical machining spindle (4) One tool magazine (5);Horizontal main axis case (13) is installed on described horizontal column (12), horizontal main axis case (13) is provided with horizontal Machining spindle (14) and the second tool magazine (16) being connected with horizontal machining spindle (14).
Compositions of metal-working machines the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described X-axis feed arrangement (19) includes X-axis Screw mandrel (7), X-axis screw mandrel (7) runs through whole saddle by the through hole (20) on saddle, and X-axis screw mandrel (7) two ends are fixed on base (18) on.
Compositions of metal-working machines the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described the first tool magazine (5) and the second tool magazine (16) in vertical column (2), the same side of horizontal column (12) line.
CN201620366558.6U 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 A kind of novel vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines Active CN205703273U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106670823A (en) * 2016-04-27 2017-05-17 上海大侨誉远精密机械有限公司 Novel vertical and horizontal combined machining center

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106670823A (en) * 2016-04-27 2017-05-17 上海大侨誉远精密机械有限公司 Novel vertical and horizontal combined machining center

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