CN205670935U - Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device - Google Patents

Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205670935U
CN205670935U CN201620529901.4U CN201620529901U CN205670935U CN 205670935 U CN205670935 U CN 205670935U CN 201620529901 U CN201620529901 U CN 201620529901U CN 205670935 U CN205670935 U CN 205670935U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
curved
vegetation
fibrage
tapetum fibrosum
layer
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620529901.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛春晓
熊治文
刘琨
孔令伟
李凯崇
刘贺业
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Northwest Research Institute Co Ltd of CREC
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Northwest Research Institute Co Ltd of CREC
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Priority to CN201620529901.4U priority Critical patent/CN205670935U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205670935U publication Critical patent/CN205670935U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device, including the lower netting layer setting gradually from the bottom up, fibrage, Seed Layer, curved fibrage and insulation net;Curved fibrolaminar lower surface is plane, and curved fibrolaminar upper surface is made up of the multiple parabolas being arranged side by side, and each paraboloidal opening is towards lower surface, and the shape of insulation net is suitable with the shape of curved fibrage upper surface;Seed Layer includes matrix, is inlaid with the seed of vegetation in matrix.This tapetum fibrosum device be applied to cold, soil depletion, arid etc. under the conditions of revegetation, the nutriment needed for vegetation primary growth can be met, ensure vegetation survival rate, and there is the effect of insulation, water conservation and soil moisture conservation, ensure vegetation survival rate, the stable side slope vegetation group that can build, Effect of Ecological Restoration is good, meets the requirement of ecological recovery.

Description

Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to High-cold regions ecological environmental protection technical field, relates to a kind of exposed earth's surface and implements restoration of the ecosystem The device of engineering, particularly to a kind of curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device, can be used for transport development, mining and urban construction etc. Herbosa in the bare side sloping that formed in engineering, the vegetation recovery engineering on ground recovers it can also be used to afforestation.
Background technology
With bases such as the fast development of western China economic construction, railway, highway, mining and city development Facilities Construction is extensively launched at China's cold region, causes serious impact and destruction to local environment.Due to highway, iron The construction scale of projects such as road are big, project is many, form a large amount of exposed earth's surface, and highway, Along Railway route are longer, and environment is responsible for, Maintenance management difficulty is big, damages local environment.
Radiation is strong, sunshine is many, temperature is low, accumulated temperature is few, mostly temperature difference per day very long, strong wind dry and cold compared with big, winter is High-cold regions Overall climate characteristic.Under natural conditions, this regional vegetation recovers difficulty, and the required cycle is longer.And owing to this regional soil is lean Lean, the soil moisture conservation factor such as water retention property difference and vegetation land occupation condition difference, existing ecological engineering technology is generally deposited in implementation process Low in vegetation survival rate, the problem such as relatively costly.
Content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device being suitable for extremely frigid zones vegetation growth, There is provided growth required nutriment for vegetation, and certain nutriment and moisture can be laid in, there is water saving, soil moisture conservation and insulation Effect, it is ensured that the survival rate of vegetation under Alpine-cold condition, and substantial amounts of construction cost and maintenance cost can be saved, meet height The requirement of the exposed earth's surface eco-environment restoration causing behind cold regional exposed earth's surface and engineering construction.
For achieving the above object, the utility model be the technical scheme is that a kind of curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device, bag Include lower netting layer, fibrage, Seed Layer, curved fibrage and the insulation net setting gradually from the bottom up;Curved fibrolaminar lower end Face is plane, and curved fibrolaminar upper surface is made up of the multiple parabolas being arranged side by side, and each paraboloidal opening towards under End face, the shape of insulation net is suitable with the shape of curved fibrage upper surface;Seed Layer includes matrix, is inlaid with and plants in matrix The seed of quilt.
The utility model curved plant-growth carpet device can be applicable to cold, soil depletion, arid etc. under the conditions of revegetation, The especially bigger High aititude extremely frigid zones of day and night temperature.This curved plant-growth carpet dress can meet the nutrition needed for vegetation primary growth Material, it is ensured that vegetation survival rate, and there is the effect of insulation, water conservation and soil moisture conservation.And after plant-growth carpet is degraded, can be also vegetation Subsequent growth provides required nutriment.For natural bare area and engineering construction formed the restoration of the ecosystem of bare area when, can Ensureing vegetation survival rate, the stable side slope vegetation group that can build, Effect of Ecological Restoration is good, meets wanting of ecological recovery Ask.Compared to other type of plant-growth carpet, this curved plant-growth carpet has higher water-retaining property, water imbibition and the advantage such as Lightness, It is readily transported and constructs, and working procedure is relatively simple, improves operating efficiency.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the utility model curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum apparatus structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is curved fibrolaminar schematic diagram in the utility model curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of Seed Layer in the utility model type vegetation tapetum fibrosum device.
Fig. 5 is the use state diagram of the utility model curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram that curved for the utility model vegetation tapetum fibrosum device is fixed on domatic upper fixing nail.
In figure: 1. be incubated net, 2. curved fibrage, 3. Seed Layer, 4. fibrage, 5. lower netting layer, 6. matrix, 7. seed, 8. fix nail.
Detailed description of the invention
With detailed description of the invention, the utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the utility model curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device, including set gradually down from the bottom up Stratum reticulare the 5th, fibrage the 4th, Seed Layer the 3rd, curved fibrage 2 and insulation net 1.
The lower surface of curved fibrage 2 is plane, and the upper surface of curved fibrage 2 is by the multiple parabola groups being arranged side by side Become, and each paraboloidal opening is towards lower surface, as shown in Figure 3.The shape of insulation net 1 and the shape of curved fibrage 2 upper surface Shape is suitable.
It such as Fig. 4, the Seed Layer 3 in the utility model curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device, including matrix 6, is inlaid with in matrix 6 The seed 7 of vegetation.Seed Layer 3 is prepared: by waste paper and superabsorbent fiber co-grinding, after disinfection, adds one The nutritional granular of fixed ratio, is then processed to form and has certain thickness paper layer, be i.e. matrix 6, and press certain specification at base Inlay seed 7 in body 6, form Seed Layer 3.Seed Layer 3 compared to the Seed Layer in other plant-growth carpets have higher water-retaining property, Water imbibition and Lightness, disclosure satisfy that the nutritional condition needed for grass seeds primary growth, so that the overall matter of vegetation tapetum fibrosum device Measure lighter, it is simple to the work such as transport, carrying and construction, effectively improve operating efficiency.
Insulation net 1 uses degradable black nonwoven cloth material to make.Black non-woven fabrics is compared to the nonwoven of other colors Cloth can absorb more heat, and after degraded, non-woven fabrics can provide a certain amount of nutriment for vegetation growth, and makes vegetation Tapetum fibrosum device is higher with the compatibility of surrounding environment.
By materials such as stalk, wheat straw, branch, leaf, nutritional granular thing and superabsorbent fibers, size-reduced, mixing, sterilization and The operations such as compacting make curved fibrage 2.Curved fibrage 2 has certain gas permeability, pliability and water imbibition.Due to fiber The heat conductivility difference of layer, therefore Seed Layer 3 is played insulation effect by curved fibrage 2.What daytime, black non-woven fabrics absorbed is a large amount of Heat enters curved fibrage 2, and the heat absorbing is played cushioning effect by curved fibrage 2, slowly promotes in Seed Layer 3 Temperature, night curved fibrage 2 to this vegetation tapetum fibrosum device, the heat of internal release plays iris action again, it is ensured that Seed Layer 3 and internal temperature keep certain stability, form the trend that temperature slowly rises or falls, play insulation to vegetation growth and make With with.The upper surface of curved fibrage 2 is the multiple downward opening parabola being arranged side by side, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase having of insulation net 1 Effect light-receiving area, absorbs more heat, is more beneficial for the vegetation growth in Seed Layer 3.And under windy conditions, curved fibre The curved structure of dimension layer 2 upper surface can play the effect of wind erosion prevention, protects vegetation growth.Under condition of raining, this curved knot Structure can store more moisture, oozes to soil layer, and can slow down the corrosion function with dispersing water flow, for planting under moisture is slow The good living environment of grown offer.
After the mixing compacting of the natural fiber material such as stalk, wheat straw, branch, leaf, formed and there is certain air permeability, pliable and tough Property, absorptive fibrage 4.Due to the heat conductivility difference of fiber, therefore soil horizon is played insulation effect by fibrage 4.Daytime, The amount of heat that black non-woven fabrics absorbs enters fibrage 2, and the heat absorbing is entered row buffering by fibrage 2, slowly lifting kind The temperature of sublayer 3, at night, the heat of inside release is played iris action again by fibrage 2, it is ensured that Seed Layer 3 and vegetation fiber Stablizing of blanket device internal temperature, makes the temperature within vegetation tapetum fibrosum device in the trend slowly rising or falling.Fibrage 4 The effect of LP blades can also be played.
Lower netting layer 5 (is mainly composed of polypropylene by environmental protection PP net, is as monomer addition under catalyst action by propylene The product of polymerization, owing to it has excellent mechanical performance, nontoxic, heat-resisting, chemical-resistance and workability energy, and raw material Abundance, cheap) make, play reinforcement and reinforcement effect.
Use the utility model vegetation tapetum fibrosum device when: first remove the weeds on domatic, rubbish, stone and domatic on Projection, backfill the depression on domatic, make slope leveling, it is ensured that this vegetation tapetum fibrosum device is fully contacted with ground.Flat Whole domatic Po Ding, along slope top move towards grooving, vegetation tapetum fibrosum device is placed in Po Ding, and vegetation tapetum fibrosum device is risen Top starts being partially placed in groove of length 40~80cm, fills groove, is fixed on the initiating terminal of vegetation tapetum fibrosum device Slope is pushed up, and launches vegetation tapetum fibrosum device from top to bottom then along domatic, as it is shown in figure 5, use the fixing of the U-shaped shown in Fig. 6 Nail 8 is fixed on vegetation tapetum fibrosum device in side slope, the soil suppression of the vegetation tapetum fibrosum device of top, slope and toe.Along top, slope trend The lap width between adjacent vegetation tapetum fibrosum device laid is about 10cm.If the length of vegetation tapetum fibrosum device is less than domatic Length, need at least two set the utility model vegetation tapetum fibrosum devices overlap joint use when, adjacent two set vegetation tapetum fibrosum devices Between lap width be about 10cm, and the initiating terminal being positioned at the vegetation tapetum fibrosum device of lower section to be placed on the vegetation of top fine Below dimension blanket device end, strengthen the fixing of overlap simultaneously.
Vegetation tapetum fibrosum device and ground keep being fully contacted, laying neat and consistent to be kept;Domatic covered after to planting Being irrigated moisture by tapetum fibrosum device, the initial stage strengthens maintenance, and the middle and later periods then carries out maintenance without special messenger, is finally reached ecological vegetation extensive Multiple and that vegetational type is stable state.
Compared to other type of plant-growth carpet, the curved plant-growth carpet of the utility model not only have higher water-retaining effect and Water imbibition, can retain the precipitation of 10~20% more than common plant-growth carpet, oozes, beneficially plant under enabling the rainwater on domatic fully Growth;Owing to containing superabsorbent fiber in curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum, rate of water absorption is higher than common plant-growth carpet by 60~80%, so that The water retention property of curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum improves, and decreases the flow path surface to formation for the precipitation, beneficially water and soil conservation, prevents invading Erosion performance is high;In terms of heat insulating ability, owing to curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum adds effective area of shining light, and top layer uses black nonwoven Cloth, improves heat absorption efficiency, and fibrage 2 and fibrage 4 have certain heat insulating effect, therefore, make the temperature of Seed Layer Change relatively stable, beneficially the growth of High-cold regions vegetation;In terms of working procedure, curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum include Seed Layer and Plant raw matrix, can directly lay, and common plant-growth carpet also needs to carry out fertile soil or plants raw matrix and lay and the broadcasting sowing of grass seeds, Then in the laying carrying out plant-growth carpet, working procedure is complicated, inefficient.Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum be a kind of cheap, environmental protection and Degradable device, using the teaching of the invention it is possible to provide the nutriment needed for the vegetation growth initial stage, can also provide required for vegetation growth after degraded Nutriment, it is ensured that build a stable vegetational type, Effect of Ecological Restoration is good, disclosure satisfy that High-cold regions ecological recovery Require.

Claims (3)

1. a curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device, it is characterised in that include lower netting layer (5), the fiber setting gradually from the bottom up Layer (4), Seed Layer (3), curved fibrage (2) and insulation net (1);The lower surface of curved fibrage (2) is plane, curved fiber The upper surface of layer (2) is made up of the multiple parabolas being arranged side by side, and each paraboloidal opening is towards lower surface, insulation net (1) Shape suitable with the shape of curved fibrage (2) upper surface;Seed Layer (3) includes matrix (6), and matrix is inlaid with in (6) The seed (7) of vegetation.
2. curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preparation of Seed Layer (3): by waste paper With superabsorbent fiber co-grinding, after disinfecting, add nutritional granular, be processed to form paper layer, and inlay in this paper layer Embedding seed (7), forms Seed Layer (3).
3. curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described insulation net (1) uses can The black nonwoven cloth material of degraded is made.
CN201620529901.4U 2016-06-03 2016-06-03 Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device Expired - Fee Related CN205670935U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620529901.4U CN205670935U (en) 2016-06-03 2016-06-03 Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620529901.4U CN205670935U (en) 2016-06-03 2016-06-03 Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205670935U true CN205670935U (en) 2016-11-09

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105874955A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-24 中铁西北科学研究院有限公司 Bending type vegetation fiber blanket device
CN109168396A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-11 陕西省治沙研究所 A kind of coal mining slash Ecosystem restoration system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105874955A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-08-24 中铁西北科学研究院有限公司 Bending type vegetation fiber blanket device
CN105874955B (en) * 2016-06-03 2018-09-28 中铁西北科学研究院有限公司 Curved vegetation tapetum fibrosum device
CN109168396A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-11 陕西省治沙研究所 A kind of coal mining slash Ecosystem restoration system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161109

Termination date: 20200603