CN205667202U - A kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth - Google Patents

A kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205667202U
CN205667202U CN201620538948.7U CN201620538948U CN205667202U CN 205667202 U CN205667202 U CN 205667202U CN 201620538948 U CN201620538948 U CN 201620538948U CN 205667202 U CN205667202 U CN 205667202U
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cultivation
observation
real time
plant
plant root
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CN201620538948.7U
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周智
曾科涵
周南
黄升雄
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth, utilize the native system can be on the premise of not destroying root system of plant, the upgrowth situation of observation of plant root system and growth course intuitively.This utility model is made up of pedestal and cultivation case altogether two parts, and pedestal, for providing nutritional solution, water guide and draining for cultivation case, is provided with independent modularity cultivation bed in cultivation case, determines root net equipped be available for root system of plant attachment in cultivation bed.Water system of the present utility model, need not extraneous supply energy according to the principle design of linker.This utility model can be used for the research experiment of root system of plant, has application prospect widely in fields such as botany, arable farming, cuttage root-taking researchs.

Description

A kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of plant facility experimental provision, is specifically related to a kind of for observation of plant root growth Real time visible device.
Background technology
Root system is that plant obtains nutrient and the vitals of moisture from the media environments such as soil.Full appreciation root system of plant Growthform and process become study hotspot.
Due to the root system particular/special requirement to plant strain growth, the growth mechanism of researching plant root, understand root system of plant not Growing state under the conditions of Tong, has very important significance to fields such as botany, agronomy, arable farmings.Promote plant roots The growth of system, can directly facilitate the plant absorption to the nutrient substance such as water and inorganic salt, increases one-tenth when crops are transplanted Motility rate.For the crops with root or tuber as major product such as Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Raphani, Radix Ginseng and industrial crops, study its root The growth promoter of system contributes to people and understands the mechanism that its root growth is grown, so that it is raw towards being more beneficial for human being's production The direction that living needs grows, and increases the economic benefit of arable farming.Along with root system weight in ecosystem and Global carbon balance The increase of understanding to be acted on, root system becomes one of study hotspot of international association area gradually.
But, due to opaque attribute and the complicated form of root system of soil, tend not on growth and development of plants rank The growing state observing directly root system each period of section, traditional root system observation procedure, such as nail-plate method, container method, air culture Method, pipe hydroponics, mesh bag method etc., need first to carry out destructive sampling, make root system separate with soil;The most manually survey , whole sampling and measurement process not only time and effort consuming, but also there is bigger error in amount, is difficulty with the in-situ sampling of root system and accurately surveys , easily there is displacement, is completely cured and moisture such as escapes at the problem in amount.A few non-damage method, including tracer method, Subterraneous root room and the research etc. of micro-room, although need not destructive sampling, it is to avoid the sample program of time and effort consuming, but can only Obtain some limited in-situ observation data, it is difficult to obtain completely, three-dimensional configuration data accurately.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model be to provide a kind of can be in any period of plant growing almost Real-time for observation of plant root growth of the three-dimensional observation of root system of plant is realized on the premise of the most not destroying root system of plant Visual device.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the Real time visible for observation of plant root growth that this utility model provides fills Put, including the cultivation case for cultivated plant and the cultivation seat composition for the circulation of supporting culture case nutritional solution, described cultivation seat It is made up of water tank and cultivation tray;Described water tank is connected by connected entrance with described cultivation tray;The dismountable installation of cultivation bed In described cultivation case;Described cultivation bed transparent visual, described cultivation bed upper surface is provided with field planting basket, and central authorities are provided with and determine root Net, bottom is provided with the outlet that cultivation box cavity communicates;Described cultivation tray is hollow structure, by water outlet docking port and institute State cultivation case to be connected.
Described cultivation bed quantity is three, and each cultivation bed is placed in cultivation case in specific frame, has below each frame Aperture docks with the outlet of cultivation bed.
Described cultivation bed outlet is with filter screen, and quantity is two.
Described water tank bottom is provided with flowing water Valve.
Described intercommunicating pore is with filter screen.
Described cultivation tray inwall is with the sealing strip of rubber.
The top of described water tank is equipped with micro-strainer, and setting height(from bottom) is slightly below water tank edge, and water tank edge is provided with multiple logical Pore.
The framework stainless steel alloy of water tank and cultivation case is built, and four sightingpistons make of transparent with machine glass.
A kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth of this utility model, the specification of described cultivation case is 40cm×28cm×15cm。
A kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth of this utility model, described cultivation bed quantity is three Individual.
The water planting stone of soil fixing plant in placement simulation top layer in described field planting basket, described determines root net rustless steel A kind of braiding in silk or plastic wire forms, and its grid aperture is 1.5-2.5cm, and specific size is according to the root system of institute cultivated plant Character is arranged.
Each surface of described cultivation bed is constituted by lucite, and cultivation bed inner surface is designed to smooth surface to avoid Root system of plant is too much attached to cultivation bed inwall and affects observation.
Culture tank two side is provided with draw-in groove, for determining the fixing of root net.
The specification of described cultivation seat is 60cm × 30cm × 18cm.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, this utility model uses water culture to cultivate plant, according to nutritional solution height in law of connected vessels realization cultivation case Regulation and control.Under the water tank and particular design thereof of cultivation pedestal, control nutritional solution oxygen content, composition, quantity delivered, supply frequency, confession To the time etc., thus empirically required Real Time Observation root growth situation.
2, in this utility model, the field planting basket above each cultivation bed of plant culture fixes planting of soilless culture Strain, by cultivation bed increase determine root net simulate root system growing environment in soil, for plant root attachment and The researcher observation to root system of plant.Compared with traditional water culture so that root growth form, 3-d modelling are more true certainly So, observed result is more accurate.
3, in this utility model, water tank side is provided above multiple passage, can realize air convection current in water tank, And can pressure between balanced cultivation groove and water tank.At a water tank micro-strainer installed above, in water tank, inject battalion When supporting, micro-strainer can not only stop large-scale granular solids to enter water tank, and can will inject the water of water tank at filter screen Lower section is divided into some thin waterlines, when thin waterline falls into water tank from passage position, owing to its flow velocity is more than air stream Speed, can make the pressure of the passage central authorities of two row's opposition be slightly below atmospheric pressure, so that air is entered water tank by passage, have Effect adds the contact area of thin waterline (i.e. nutritional solution) and air, thus improves the oxygen content in nutritional solution, can be without water The oxygen content of nutritional solution is ensured, it is to avoid plant root anoxia on the premise of the energy-dissipating devices such as pump.
4, this utility model is the condition guarantee that the growth of plant provides necessity, it is possible to normally give birth to not affecting plant In the case of length, plant root is carried out real-time, continuous, long-term observation, it is adaptable to biological scientific research field, raw for carrying out root system The experimental tool that long real-time monitored is provided convenience.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is cultivation case axonometric chart.
Fig. 2 is cultivation seat axonometric chart.
In figure, 1-field planting basket, 2-cultivation bed, 3-determines root net, 4-outlet, and 5-cultivates case, 6-passage, 7-water tank, 8- Connected entrance, 9-sealing strip, 10-cultivation tray, 11-water outlet docking port, 12-flowing water Valve, 13-cultivates seat, 14-micro-strainer.
Detailed description of the invention
It is this utility model content to be further illustrated rather than limited this practicality newly below in conjunction with drawings and Examples The protection domain of type.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth, including cultivation seat 13 He Cultivation 5 two major parts of case, cultivation case 5 is arranged on cultivation pedestal 13, and cultivation seat 13 and cultivation case 5 are by connected entrance 8 even Logical, the nutritional solution needed for cultivation case 5 is provided by the water tank 7 cultivated in seat 13.This system uses the cultivation bed 2 being easy to observe, water Case 7 provides nutritional solution for cultivation bed 2, and is controlled the oxygen content of nutritional solution, composition, quantity delivered etc., in controlling and cultivating groove 2 Plant root growth condition, for root growth situation Real Time Observation provide convenience.
As it is shown in figure 1, cultivation case 5 is made up of 3 cultivation beds 2 worked independently from each other separated.Cultivation bed 2 top is arranged There is field planting basket 1, in order to place plant.A little water planting stone is filled, in order to fixing plant cane part in field planting basket 1.In cultivation bed 2 Portion is provided with and determines root net 3, for the attachment of plant root.Outlet 4 it is provided with bottom cultivation bed 2.Nutrition needed for cultivation bed 2 Liquid is provided by cultivating water tank 7 in seat 13, is sprayed at water tank upper, permeates downwards, is then entered by connected entrance 8 Enter cultivation tray 10 hollow layer, then entered in cultivation bed by water outlet docking port 11.
As in figure 2 it is shown, cultivation seat 13 includes water tank 7 and cultivation tray 10, on the right side of water tank 7, connect cultivation by connected entrance 8 Pallet 10.
During this test is novel, water tank 7 side is provided above multiple passage 6, can realize air convection current in water tank, And can pressure between balanced cultivation groove 2 and water tank 7.At water tank 7 micro-strainer 14 installed above, in water tank 7 When injecting nutrition, micro-strainer 14 can not only stop large-scale granular solids to enter water tank, and can will inject water tank 7 Water is divided into some thin waterlines below micro-strainer 14, when thin waterline falls into water tank 7 from passage position, due to it Flow velocity is more than air velocity, and the pressure of passage 6 central authorities of two row's opposition can be made to be slightly below atmospheric pressure, so that air is by leading to Pore 6 enters water tank, effectively increases the contact area of thin waterline (i.e. nutritional solution) and air, thus improves the oxygen in nutritional solution Content, can ensure the oxygen content of nutritional solution on the premise of without energy-dissipating devices such as water pumps, it is to avoid plant root anoxia.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, operation principle of the present utility model and process are as follows:
1, this utility model is according to law of connected vessels, by the height of liquid level in regulating tank 7, and regulation cultivation bed 2 indirectly The height of interior liquid level, can effectively reduce in drainage procedure because liquid flows the too fast surface tension caused to Root Distribution feelings The change of condition.When needing to increase liquid level in cultivation bed 2, by injecting nutritional solution, nutritional solution in the water tank 7 of cultivation seat 13 Connected entrance 8 through water tank flows into the hollow part of cultivation tray 10, and nutritional solution relief area, then by cultivation tray 10 In the water outlet docking port 11 of side and cultivation case 5, the outlet 4 bottom cultivation bed 2 flows slowly into cultivation bed 2 inside, in cultivation tray The sealing strip 9 of 10 inwall surroundings attachment rubber mass, keeps the air-tightness of cultivation tray, can water tank 7 and each cultivation bed 2 it Between constitute a linker.
2, when the nutritional solution needing to discharge in cultivation bed 2 is with the growing state of observation of plant root system more intuitively, logical Cross the flowing water Valve 12 opening water tank, make the liquid level in water tank 7 and cultivation bed 2 almost synchronize slowly to decline, it is possible to effectively to protect Hold state when root system is attached to determine normal growth on root net 3, and root system is not had any destruction.For realizing root system of plant Three dimensional viewing, each cultivation bed 2 cultivated in case 5 after draining can independently take out, and can observe the four of cultivation bed 2 simultaneously Individual side.
3, in order to increase the mechanical strength of device described in the utility model, the framework of cultivation case 5 and cultivation seat 13 is not all with Rust Steel material manufacture, each surface of cultivation case 5 and cultivation bed 2 all uses lucite, and cultivation bed 2 inner surface is designed to smooth Surface affects observation to avoid root system of plant to be too much attached to cultivation bed 2 inwall, promotes root system to be attached to determine root online simultaneously 3。

Claims (10)

1. for a Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth, including cultivation case and cultivation seat, it is characterised in that: institute State cultivation seat to be made up of water tank and cultivation tray;Described water tank is connected by connected entrance with described cultivation tray;Cultivation bed is removable That unloads is arranged in described cultivation case;Described cultivation bed transparent visual, upper surface is provided with field planting basket, and central authorities are provided with and determine root Net, bottom is provided with the outlet that cultivation box cavity communicates;Described cultivation tray is hollow structure, by water outlet docking port and institute State cultivation case to be connected.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described cultivation Training groove quantity is 3, and each cultivation bed is placed in cultivation case in specific frame, has going out of aperture and cultivation bed below each frame The mouth of a river is docked.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: institute Stating cultivation bed outlet with filter screen, quantity is two.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: institute Stating a kind of braiding determining in root net stainless steel silk or plastic wire to form, its grid aperture is 1.5-2.5cm.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: institute State intercommunicating pore with filter screen.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: institute State water tank bottom and be provided with flowing water Valve.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: institute State the cultivation tray inwall sealing strip with rubber.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: institute Stating the top of water tank equipped with micro-strainer, setting height(from bottom) is slightly below water tank edge, and water tank edge is provided with multiple passage.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: water The framework stainless steel alloy of case and cultivation case is built, and four sightingpistons make of transparent with machine glass.
Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: institute The specification stating cultivation case is 40cm × 28cm × 15cm.
CN201620538948.7U 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 A kind of Real time visible device for observation of plant root growth Active CN205667202U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688666A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-24 暨南大学 Plant rhizosphere box and application thereof in micro-domain research of wet land plant rhizosphere
RU174973U1 (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-11-14 Николай Викторович Анисимов Device for researching the development of plant roots by MRI
CN108739369A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-11-06 福建农林大学 A kind of observation sugar-cane tissue culture seedlings root growth model in real time
CN111226775A (en) * 2019-02-11 2020-06-05 甘肃省祁连山水源涵养林研究院 Plant root system observation device
CN112753558A (en) * 2021-02-03 2021-05-07 南阳师范学院 A cultivation device for studying wheat root system growth state

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106688666A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-24 暨南大学 Plant rhizosphere box and application thereof in micro-domain research of wet land plant rhizosphere
CN106688666B (en) * 2016-11-29 2020-11-06 暨南大学 Plant rhizosphere box and application thereof in wetland plant rhizosphere micro-domain research
RU174973U1 (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-11-14 Николай Викторович Анисимов Device for researching the development of plant roots by MRI
CN108739369A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-11-06 福建农林大学 A kind of observation sugar-cane tissue culture seedlings root growth model in real time
CN111226775A (en) * 2019-02-11 2020-06-05 甘肃省祁连山水源涵养林研究院 Plant root system observation device
CN111226775B (en) * 2019-02-11 2021-07-30 甘肃省祁连山水源涵养林研究院 Plant root system observation device
CN112753558A (en) * 2021-02-03 2021-05-07 南阳师范学院 A cultivation device for studying wheat root system growth state

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