CN205664385U - Organic matter self -power is dry to divide resource system with pyrolysis, complete set - Google Patents

Organic matter self -power is dry to divide resource system with pyrolysis, complete set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205664385U
CN205664385U CN201620475841.2U CN201620475841U CN205664385U CN 205664385 U CN205664385 U CN 205664385U CN 201620475841 U CN201620475841 U CN 201620475841U CN 205664385 U CN205664385 U CN 205664385U
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pyrolysis
drying
order
condenser
combustion furnace
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CN201620475841.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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李爱民
张雷
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Dalian University of Technology
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Dalian University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model provides an organic matter self -power is dry to divide resource system with pyrolysis, complete set belongs to solid waste resourceization and environment technical field, and this system includes feeding storehouse, drying device, condenser, water treatment facilities, pyrolysis oven, oil storage tank group, gas holder, fires burning furnace etc.. Original organic matter is before carrying out the pyrolysis, and it is interior dry to get into earlier drying device, has reduced the water content of organic matter to strengthened the pyrolysis effect of organic matter, the water content is low in the product oil. The semicoke that produces the pyrolysis and noncondensing combustible gas burn in sending into and firing burning furnace, the recovered energy with prevent the pollution of waste residue waste gas to the environment to the efficiency of pollutant zero release is reached, therefore the emission standard of pollutant can be accorded with. Because this technology is dry and the pyrolysis is the detached, and the energy all comes from the heat of combustion of pyrolysis residue, has reduced the consumption of auxiliary fuel, consequently the utility model discloses in the aspect of solid waste's processing and energy recovery, has good economic nature.

Description

A kind of Organic substance self energizing is dried and is pyrolyzed, full constituent recycling system
Technical field
This utility model relate to a kind of Organic substance self energizing be dried and be pyrolyzed, full constituent recycling system, belong to solid and give up Waste resource and field of environmental technology.
Background technology
The raising lived along with industrial development and human material, the kind of debirs gets more and more, generation amount The hugest, debirs carry out that harmless treatment difficulty is big, cost is high, and common process mode can cause environmental pollution.And, Debirs have the biggest value in terms of recycling, in the case of the most worldwide the energy faces exhaustion, Meaning is more far-reaching.
The method of conventional process debirs has: landfill, compost, burning etc., but along with the increasing fast of debirs, passes System method demonstrates its defect day by day, and as landfill takies tract, composting process treating capacity is little, efficiency is low, burns and easily produces Secondary pollution.
Pyrolytic technique is having obvious advantage, pyrolytic technique compared with traditional treatment method in terms of the process of debirs It is that Organic substance is heated to 500 DEG C-1000 DEG C when anaerobic or anoxia, makes solid carbon thing be converted into pyrolysis gas, combustion Material oil and pyrolytic carbon are the main depot energy.
In existing pyrolytic technique, mainly produce heat smoke by combustion parts raw material and be pyrolyzed organic, use Interior mode of heating can make thermal decomposition product quality be difficult to ensure that, resource weak effect.Use external heating mode then can make to add thermal effect Rate is low, and there is the defect high to pyrolysis oven material requirements.A small amount of employing thermoset carrier as the technique of thermal source, is then dried and hot Solution preocess can not separate, and reduces energy efficiency, also makes condensed water be difficult to process.Be formed without a set of recovery utility, Technology that safety and environmental protection, operating cost are low, method.
Utility model content
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model provide a kind of Organic substance self energizing be dried and be pyrolyzed, complete group Divide recycling system.
The technical solution of the utility model:
A kind of Organic substance self energizing is dried and is pyrolyzed, full constituent recycling system, including feeding warehouse, drying device, condensation Device A, water treatment facilities, pyrolysis oven, condenser B, oil storage tank group, air accumulator, combustion furnace, dregs-separating device, waste-heat recovery device and cigarette Air purifying apparatus;
Feeding warehouse, in order to receive and to carry Organic substance;Drying device is connected with feeding warehouse, is used for receiving and heat organic Thing;Condenser A is connected with drying device, is condensed water in order to the steam received and produce in cooling and drying device;Water processes Device is connected to condenser A, in order to receive and to process the condensed water formed in condenser A, the pure-water discharging obtained or utilization; Pyrolysis oven is connected with drying device, is volatiles and semicoke for receiving and crack dry Organic substance;Condenser B one end with Pyrolysis oven connects, and is divided into pyrolysis oil and non-condensing fuel gas in order to receive and to cool down pyrolysis devolatilization, and condenser B divides at other two ends Not Lian Jie oil storage tank group and air accumulator, oil storage tank group is in order to receive and to store pyrolysis oil, and air accumulator does not coagulate in order to accept and to store Knot fuel gas;Combustion furnace connects pyrolysis oven and air accumulator respectively, in order to receive and to burn described semicoke and non-condensing combustible gas Body;Dregs-separating device, connects combustion furnace, pyrolysis oven and drying device respectively, in order to regulate the warm sludge flow that combustion furnace produces, is divided into two It is partially in drying device and pyrolysis oven, for being dried and pyrolysis offer energy;Waste-heat recovery device is connected with combustion furnace, in order to Recycle the energy of the heat smoke that combustion furnace produces;Smoke eliminator, connects waste-heat recovery device, in order to purified treatment institute State heat smoke.
A kind of Organic substance self energizing is dried and is pyrolyzed, the process of full constituent resource, and step is as follows:
Organic substance enters drying device heat drying by feeding warehouse;The steam of evaporation in drying device, enters condensation Device A condenses, and generates condensed water;Condensed water enters water treatment facilities, discharges or utilize after purified treatment;In drying device The dry Organic substance arrived enters pyrolysis oven, is cracked into volatiles and semicoke in pyrolysis oven further;Volatiles enters Enter condenser B, condensed device B and be condensed into pyrolysis oil and non-condensing fuel gas;Condenser B is divided into 3-4 individual cold by condensation temperature Coagulation zone, collects the pyrolysis oil of different severe, pyrolysis oil is recovered in oil storage tank group;Incondensable gas is recycled in air accumulator; In air accumulator, the non-condensing fuel gas of part is combustion-supporting in being delivered to combustion furnace;Described semicoke burns generation heat in entering combustion furnace Slag;When the energy that semicoke provides can not stablize the burning of combustion furnace, in combustion furnace, directly supplement fuel;Warm sludge is by a point slag Device regulation flow is divided into two parts, respectively enters in drying device and pyrolysis oven, for being dried and pyrolysis offer energy;Is produced from combustion furnace Raw heat smoke enters a waste-heat recovery device, releases heat;Subsequently into a smoke eliminator, purified rear discharge.
The internal oxygen content of described drying device is less than 3%;
Described pyrolysis oven warm sludge inlet temperature 700 DEG C-1000 DEG C;
Described pyrolysis oven semicoke outlet temperature 400 DEG C-700 DEG C, enters the warm sludge amount of drying device by regulation and has The ratio of machine thing amount, it is ensured that Organic substance is in dry run, and temperature is less than 150 DEG C;
Described drying device is dried organic outlet temperature 120 DEG C-150 DEG C;
The condensation-water drain temperature of described condenser A is 15 DEG C 40 DEG C;Condenser B pyrolysis oil outlet temperature is attached most importance to successively Oil: 400 DEG C-500 DEG C, secondary heavy oil: 200 DEG C-400 DEG C, light oil: 80 DEG C-200 DEG C;Described waste-heat recovery device heat smoke import Temperature 800 DEG C-1000 DEG C, heat smoke outlet temperature 110 DEG C-130 DEG C.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
In existing pyrolytic technique, mainly produce heat smoke by combustion parts raw material and be pyrolyzed organic, use Interior mode of heating can make thermal decomposition product quality be difficult to ensure that, resource weak effect.Use external heating mode then can make to add thermal effect Rate is low, and there is the defect high to pyrolysis oven material requirements.A small amount of employing thermoset carrier as the technique of thermal source, is then dried and hot Solution preocess can not separate, and reduces energy efficiency, also makes condensed water be difficult to process.This utility model technical characterstic is: original Organic substance, before being pyrolyzed, is dried in being introduced into drying device, reduces organic water content, thus enhance Organic substance Pyrolysis effect, product Water in oil amount is low.Semicoke pyrolysis produced and non-condensing fuel gas burn in sending into combustion furnace, In addition to recovering energy, it is possible to prevent again the pollution to environment of the waste residue waste gas, thus reaches effect of zero release of pollutant, because of This can meet the discharge standard of pollutant.This process is dried and is pyrolyzed the energy combustion heat both from pyrolysis residue, Avoid or decrease to greatest extent the consumption of auxiliary fuel.
In sum: this utility model uses external heat source energy consumption low, and the product of Organic substance dry thermal cracking, water, oil, gas are all Being processed, reclaim and utilize, thermal decomposition product capacity usage ratio is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is system schematic of the present utility model.
In figure: 1 feeding warehouse, 2 drying devices, 3 condenser A, 4 water treatment facilities, 5 pyrolysis ovens, 6 condenser B, 7 oil storage tanks Group, 8 air accumulators, 9 combustion furnaces, 10 dregs-separating devices, 11 waste-heat recovery devices, 12 smoke eliminators.
Material stream: a Organic substance, b is dried Organic substance, c semicoke, d warm sludge, e steam, f condensed water, g pure water, and h is pyrolyzed Volatile matter, i pyrolysis oil, the non-condensing fuel gas of j, k auxiliary fuel, l high-temperature hot flue gas, m low-temperature flue gas, n cleaning is discharged fume.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and technical scheme, further illustrate detailed description of the invention of the present utility model.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Organic substance self energizing disclosed in this utility model is dried and is pyrolyzed, full constituent recycling system, enters including one Feed bin 1, one drying device 2, condenser A3, water treatment facilities 4, pyrolysis oven 5, condenser B6, an oil storage tank group 7, One air accumulator 8, combustion furnace 9, dregs-separating device 10, waste-heat recovery device 11, smoke eliminator 12.
Feeding warehouse 1, in order to receive and to carry Organic substance a.Organic substance a can be coal, biomass, rubbish, junked tire, give up Old Organic substance, organic sludge etc..
Drying device 2, is connected to described feeding warehouse 1, in order to receive and to heat described Organic substance a, is separated into water and steams Gas e and dry Organic substance b.
Condenser A3, is connected to described drying device 2, is condensed water f in order to receive and to cool down described steam e.
Water treatment facilities 4, is connected to described condenser A3, in order to receive and to process described condensed water f, obtains pure water g Rear discharge or utilization.
Pyrolysis oven 5, is connected to described drying device 2, is volatiles in order to receive and to crack described dry Organic substance b G and semicoke c.
Condenser B6, is connected to described pyrolysis oven 5, in order to receive and cool down described volatiles g be pyrolysis oil h with not Condense fuel gas i.Condenser B is divided into 3-4 condensing zone by condensation temperature, collects pyrolysis oil h of different severe.
Oil storage tank group 7, is connected to described condenser B6, in order to receive and to store described pyrolysis oil h.
Air accumulator 8, is connected to described condenser B6, in order to accept and to store described non-condensing fuel gas i.Described gas storage It is connected between tank 8 with combustion furnace 9, according to the character of Organic substance a, the described non-condensing combustible gas of part in described air accumulator 8 It is combustion-supporting that body i supplies described combustion furnace 9.
Combustion furnace 9, is connected to described pyrolysis oven 5 and described air accumulator 8, in order to receive and burn described semicoke c and Non-condensing fuel gas i.In the present embodiment, described combustion furnace can be but be not limited to recirculating fluidized bed.
Dregs-separating device 10, is connected to described combustion furnace 9, described pyrolysis oven 5, described drying device 2, described in order to regulate The flow of the warm sludge d that combustion furnace 9 produces, is divided into two parts, and it is dry for respectively enteing in described drying device 2 and described pyrolysis oven 5 Dry and pyrolysis provides energy.
Waste-heat recovery device 11, is connected to described combustion furnace 9, in order to recycle the heat smoke l that described combustion furnace 9 produces Energy.
Smoke eliminator 12, is connected to described waste-heat recovery device 11, in order to receive and described in purified treatment, waste heat returns After receiving apparatus 11 reclaims heat energy, the low-temperature flue gas m of discharge, obtain clean smoke evacuation n and discharge.
The energy that described drying device 2 and described pyrolysis oven 5 are dried and are pyrolyzed both is from thermoset carrier (described combustion Burn the warm sludge d) that stove 9 produces, by described dregs-separating device 10, warm sludge d is divided into two parts, respectively enters described drying device 2 and institute State pyrolysis oven 5.
Described condenser B6 uses fractional condensaion mode, is divided into 3-4 condensing zone by condensation temperature, collects different severe Pyrolysis oil h.
A bypass it is connected, according to described Organic substance a character, pyrolysis effect between described drying device 2 with described combustion furnace 9 When fruit is the best, does not the most enter described pyrolysis oven 5, be directly entered in described combustion furnace 9 burning by described bypass.
The semicoke c that described combustion furnace 9 fuel is produced by described pyrolysis oven 5 combines offer with non-condensing fuel gas i.
The internal oxygen content of described drying device 2 is less than 5%;Described pyrolysis oven 5 warm sludge d inlet temperature 700 DEG C-1000 DEG C, Described pyrolysis oven 5 semicoke c outlet temperature 400 DEG C-700 DEG C, is entered the amount of the warm sludge d of described drying device 2 and has by regulation The ratio of the amount of machine thing a, it is ensured that Organic substance a is in dry run, and temperature is less than 150 DEG C, and described drying device 2 is dried organic Thing b outlet temperature 120 DEG C-150 DEG C.
Described condenser A3 condensed water f outlet temperature is 15 DEG C-40 DEG C.Condenser B6 pyrolysis oil h outlet temperature: heavy oil: 400℃-500℃;Secondary heavy oil: 200 DEG C-400 DEG C;Light oil: 80 DEG C-200 DEG C.
Described waste-heat recovery device 11 heat smoke l inlet temperature 700 DEG C-1000 DEG C, low-temperature flue gas m outlet temperature 110 DEG C- 130℃。
Embodiment 2
The utility model discloses a kind of Organic substance self energizing be dried and be pyrolyzed, full constituent resource engineering chemistry process, including Following steps:
Conveying Organic substance a enters drying device 2 heat drying by feeding warehouse 1;
The steam e of evaporation in described drying device 2, enters condenser A3 condensation, generates condensed water f;
Described condensed water f enters water treatment facilities 4, discharges or utilize after purified treatment after obtaining pure water g;
The dry Organic substance b that obtains enters pyrolysis oven 5, be cracked into further in described pyrolysis oven 5 volatiles h with Semicoke c
Described volatiles h enters condenser B6, is condensed into pyrolysis oil i and non-condensing combustible gas through described condenser B6 Body j;
Condenser B6 is divided into 3-4 condensing zone by condensation temperature, collects pyrolysis oil i of different severe, by described pyrolysis oil i It is recovered in oil storage tank group 7;
Described non-condensing fuel gas j is recycled in air accumulator 8;
In described air accumulator 8, part non-condensing fuel gas j is combustion-supporting in being delivered to described combustion furnace 9;
Described semicoke c burns generation warm sludge d in entering described combustion furnace 9;
When the energy that described semicoke c provides can not stablize the burning of described combustion furnace 9, need in described combustion furnace 9 Directly supplement auxiliary fuel k;
Described warm sludge d regulates flow by dregs-separating device 10, is divided into two parts, respectively enters described drying device 2 and described In pyrolysis oven 5, for being dried and pyrolysis offer energy;
The heat smoke l that described combustion furnace 9 produces enters waste-heat recovery device 11, releases energy, becomes low-temperature flue gas m;So Rear described low-temperature flue gas m enters smoke eliminator 12, purified after become clean smoke evacuation n and discharge.
Described above illustrate and describes some preferred embodiments of the present utility model, but as previously mentioned, it should be understood that this Utility model is not limited to form disclosed herein, is not to be taken as the eliminating to other embodiments, and can be used for various Other combinations, amendment and environment, and can be in utility model contemplated scope described herein, by above-mentioned teaching or association area Technology or knowledge be modified.And the change that those skilled in the art are carried out and change are without departing from spirit of the present utility model and model Enclose, the most all should be in the attached scope of the claims of this utility model.

Claims (1)

1. an Organic substance self energizing be dried and be pyrolyzed, full constituent recycling system, it is characterised in that this Organic substance confession ability Dry and pyrolysis, full constituent recycling system include feeding warehouse, drying device, condenser A, water treatment facilities, pyrolysis oven, condenser B, oil storage tank group, air accumulator, combustion furnace, dregs-separating device, waste-heat recovery device and smoke eliminator;
Feeding warehouse, in order to receive and to carry Organic substance;Drying device is connected with feeding warehouse, is used for receiving and heating Organic substance;Cold Condenser A is connected with drying device, is condensed water in order to the steam received and produce in cooling and drying device;Water treatment facilities is even It is connected to condenser A, in order to receive and to process the condensed water formed in condenser A, the pure-water discharging obtained or utilization;Pyrolysis oven It is connected with drying device, is volatiles and semicoke for receiving and crack dry Organic substance;Condenser B one end and pyrolysis oven Connecting, be divided into pyrolysis oil and non-condensing fuel gas in order to receive and to cool down pyrolysis devolatilization, the other two ends of condenser B connect respectively Oil storage tank group and air accumulator, oil storage tank group is in order to receive and to store pyrolysis oil, and air accumulator is in order to accept and to store non-condensing flammable Gas;Combustion furnace connects pyrolysis oven and air accumulator respectively, in order to receive and to burn described semicoke and non-condensing fuel gas;Divide slag Device, connects combustion furnace, pyrolysis oven and drying device respectively, in order to regulate the warm sludge flow that combustion furnace produces, is divided into two parts and enters Enter in drying device and pyrolysis oven, for being dried and pyrolysis offer energy;Waste-heat recovery device is connected with combustion furnace, in order to reclaim profit With the energy of the heat smoke that combustion furnace produces;Smoke eliminator, connects waste-heat recovery device, in order to cigarette hot described in purified treatment Gas.
CN201620475841.2U 2016-05-23 2016-05-23 Organic matter self -power is dry to divide resource system with pyrolysis, complete set Withdrawn - After Issue CN205664385U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105841160A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 大连理工大学 Organic matter self-energy-supply drying and pyrolysis and full-component recycling system and technology method
WO2018107805A1 (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-06-21 大连理工大学 Organic matter self-energized pyrolysis and combustion periodic reaction device and method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105841160A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 大连理工大学 Organic matter self-energy-supply drying and pyrolysis and full-component recycling system and technology method
CN105841160B (en) * 2016-05-23 2017-12-19 大连理工大学 A kind of organic matter self energizing is dried and pyrolysis, full constituent recycling system and process
WO2018107805A1 (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-06-21 大连理工大学 Organic matter self-energized pyrolysis and combustion periodic reaction device and method
US11020702B2 (en) * 2016-12-12 2021-06-01 Dalian University Of Technology Simultaneous reaction system and method for organic material pyrolysis and combustion

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Granted publication date: 20161026

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