CN205629377U - Printable metal powder's fused deposition type 3D printing device - Google Patents

Printable metal powder's fused deposition type 3D printing device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN205629377U
CN205629377U CN201620322218.3U CN201620322218U CN205629377U CN 205629377 U CN205629377 U CN 205629377U CN 201620322218 U CN201620322218 U CN 201620322218U CN 205629377 U CN205629377 U CN 205629377U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
moving parts
screw mandrel
motor
shaft coupling
Prior art date
Application number
CN201620322218.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王红
王峰
薛斌
Original Assignee
青岛三帝生物科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 青岛三帝生物科技有限公司 filed Critical 青岛三帝生物科技有限公司
Priority to CN201620322218.3U priority Critical patent/CN205629377U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205629377U publication Critical patent/CN205629377U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model provides a printable metal powder's fused deposition type 3D printing device prints the with high costs and slow technical problem of shaping that metal product exists among the solution prior art. Including motion subassembly, printhead assembly and print platform, printhead assembly is connected in order to drive the printhead assembly motion to the motion subassembly, printhead assembly includes the shower nozzle of screw rod, feed motor, connector, piston rod, feed cylinder and feed cylinder bottom, connector one end connecting screw rod, the piston rod is connected to the other end, the feed motor during operation drives the screw rod and is linear motion, and the screw rod drives the piston rod and is linear motion, the piston rod promotes printing material from the shower nozzle blowout in the feed cylinder, print platform sets up in the lower extreme of shower nozzle, printing material in the feed cylinder is for mixing the paste super set -retarding agent who has metal powder. During the printing, the paste super set -retarding agent who contains metal powder spouts from the shower nozzle, piles up shaping metal product blank at print platform, carries out the sintering again and can obtain compact metal product.

Description

The fusion sediment type of printable metal dust 3D Printing equipment

Technical field

This utility model belongs to 3D printer technology field, specifically, relates to the fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of a kind of printable metal dust.

Background technology

When using 3D printing technique to print metallic article, owing to metal melting temperature is high, after melting, trickling property is serious, it is difficult to uses Deformation In The Fdm Process, generally uses selective laser sintering (SLS) forming technique to print metallic article.

Use selective laser sintering and moulding technology need when printing 3D metallic article to use metal dust as printed material, the microsphere that metal powder material sphericity to be treated as is high, uniform particle sizes is tiny;But, selective laser sintering and moulding technology is high to cementability, the requirement spherical, particle diameter of metal dust, and for alloy or metal/non-metal composite, because the fusing point of each component is different so that the molding using selective laser sintering and moulding technology printing metallic article is the most difficult;These factors all make to print the technical problem that metal 3D goods exist apparatus expensive, operation cost is high and the slow difficulty of shaping speed is high.

Summary of the invention

This utility model provides the fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of a kind of printable metal dust, solves to print the technical problem that cost is high and molding is slow that metallic article exists in prior art.

For solving above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model is achieved by the following technical solutions:

The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of a kind of printable metal dust is proposed, including moving parts, print head assembly and print platform;Described moving parts connects described print head assembly, drives described print head assembly to move;Wherein, described print head assembly includes screw rod, charging motor, adapter, piston rod, barrel and the shower nozzle of barrel bottom;Described adapter one end connects described screw rod, and the other end connects described piston rod;Driving described screw rod to move along a straight line during the work of described charging motor, described screw rod drives described piston rod to move along a straight line;Described piston rod promotes the printed material in described barrel to spray from described shower nozzle;Described print platform is arranged at the lower end of described shower nozzle;Printed material in described barrel is the paste mixing material being mixed with metal dust.

Further, described moving parts includes X-axis moving parts, Y-axis moving parts and Z axis moving parts;Described X-axis moving parts, including X-axis motor, X-axis shaft coupling, X-axis bearing block, X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis slide block, two paralleled by X axis slide rails and X-axis feed screw nut;The output shaft of described X-axis motor is connected with the X-axis screw mandrel being supported on described X-axis bearing block by described X-axis shaft coupling;Described X-axis feed screw nut is socketed on described X-axis screw mandrel and fixes with described Y-axis moving parts and is connected;Described X-axis slide block set is connected on described two paralleled by X axis slide rails and with described Y-axis moving parts fix be connected;Described Y-axis moving parts, including y-axis motor, Y-axis shaft coupling, Y-axis bearing block, Y-axis screw mandrel, Y-axis slide block, two parallel Y-axis slide rails and Y-axis feed screw nut;The output shaft of described y-axis motor is connected with the Y-axis screw mandrel being supported on described Y-axis bearing block by described Y-axis shaft coupling;Described Y-axis feed screw nut is socketed on described Y-axis screw mandrel and fixes with described Z axis moving parts and is connected;Described Y-axis slide block set is connected on described two parallel Y-axis slide rails and with described Z axis moving parts fix be connected;Described Z axis moving parts, including Z axis motor, Z axis shaft coupling, Z axis bearing block, Z axis screw mandrel, Z axis slide block, two parallel Z axis slide rails and Z axis feed screw nut;The output shaft of described Z axis motor is connected with the Z axis screw mandrel being supported on described Z axis bearing block by described Z axis shaft coupling;Described Z axis feed screw nut is socketed on described Z axis screw mandrel and fixes with described print head assembly and is connected;Described Z axis slide block set is connected on described two parallel Z axis slide rails and with described print head assembly fix be connected.

Further, described X-axis motor, described y-axis motor and described Z axis motor are servomotor.

Further, described X-axis shaft coupling, described Y-axis shaft coupling and described Z axis shaft coupling are ball-screw adapter;Described X-axis screw mandrel, described Y-axis screw mandrel and described Z axis screw mandrel are ball screw.

Further, described X-axis slide rail, described Y-axis slide rail and described Z axis slide rail are line slideway.

Further, described shower nozzle avris is provided with hairbrush.

Further, the printed material in described barrel is metal dust, the compound bone cement of powder double-component and the creamy material of liquid two-component compound bone cement mixing.

Compared with prior art, advantage of the present utility model and good effect be: in the fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of the printable metal dust that the application proposes, it is basic with existing fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment, but do not use and heat thread fusible printed material to pile up the printing type of molding by heating shower nozzle, but it transform the print head assembly of existing fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment as screw rod, charging motor, adapter, piston rod, the structure of the shower nozzle of barrel and barrel bottom, the paste mixing material being mixed with metal dust is added in barrel, and paste mixing material is directly sprayed from the shower nozzle of print head assembly, it is sintered again after molding obtaining fine and close 3D metallic article in the way of piling up molding on print platform.

Metallic article is printed compared to using laser sintering and moulding technology, fusion sediment form is used to print metallic article, requirement to the sphericity of middle metal dust of printed material, particle diameter, uniformity, cementability etc. reduces, material cost can be reduced, the expanding printing device adaptability to material, spendable printed material kind also increases;And fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment is fast compared to the print speed of laser sintering and moulding 3D printing equipment and installation cost is low, and then solve the technical problem that cost is high and molding is slow existed when existing printing metallic article uses laser sintering and moulding technology.

After reading in conjunction with the accompanying the detailed description of this utility model embodiment, other features of the present utility model and advantage will become clearer from.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 be the embodiment of the present application propose printable metal dust fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment face structure chart;

Fig. 2 is the left view structure chart of the fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of the printable metal dust that the embodiment of the present application proposes.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in more detail.

The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of the printable metal dust that the application proposes, includes moving parts, print head assembly and print platform;Moving parts connects print head assembly, drives print head assembly motion;

As it is shown in figure 1, in the embodiment of the present application, print head assembly includes screw rod 201, charging motor 202, adapter 203, piston rod 204, barrel 205 and the shower nozzle 206 of barrel bottom;Adapter 203 one end connects screw rod 201, and the other end connects piston rod 204;Charging motor 202 drives screw rod 201 to move along a straight line when working, and screw rod 201 drives piston rod 204 to move along a straight line;Piston rod 204 promotes the printed material in barrel 205 to spray from shower nozzle 206;Print platform 301 is arranged at the lower end of shower nozzle 206;Printed material in barrel is the paste mixing material being mixed with metal dust, and printed material piles up molding at this print platform after shower nozzle sprays.

Here screw rod 201 is the core through screw rod of charging motor, and it is controlled moves along a straight line;The inner chamber of barrel 205 constitutes cylinder, and nozzle 206 is threadedly connected to barrel lower end.

Concrete, moving parts includes X-axis moving parts, Y-axis moving parts and Z axis moving parts;As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, X-axis moving parts includes X-axis motor 101, X-axis shaft coupling 102, X-axis bearing block 103, X-axis screw mandrel 104,105, two parallel X-axis slide rails 106 of X-axis slide block and X-axis feed screw nut 107;The output shaft of X-axis motor 101 is connected with the X-axis screw mandrel 104 being supported on X-axis bearing block 103 by X-axis shaft coupling 102;X-axis feed screw nut 107 is socketed on X-axis screw mandrel 104 and by being connected, support is fixing to be connected with Y-axis moving parts;X-axis slide block 105 is socketed on two paralleled by X axis slide rails 106 and by being connected, support is fixing to be connected with Y-axis moving parts.During work, X-axis electric machine rotation, its output shaft drives X-axis screw mandrel to rotate by X-axis shaft coupling, is connected because X-axis feed screw nut is fixing with Y-axis moving parts, fix the X-axis slide block being connected to move on two X-axis slide rails with Y-axis moving parts, drive Y-axis moving parts to X to movement.

Y-axis moving parts includes y-axis motor 401, Y-axis shaft coupling 402, Y-axis bearing block 403, Y-axis screw mandrel 404,405, two parallel Y-axis slide rails 406 of Y-axis slide block and Y-axis feed screw nut 407;The output shaft of y-axis motor 401 is connected with the Y-axis screw mandrel 404 being supported on Y-axis bearing block 403 by Y-axis shaft coupling 402;Y-axis feed screw nut 407 is socketed on Y-axis screw mandrel 404 and by being connected, support is fixing to be connected with Z axis moving parts;Y-axis slide block 405 is socketed on two parallel Y-axis slide rails 406 and by being connected, support is fixing to be connected with Z axis moving parts;During work, y-axis motor rotates, and its output shaft drives Y-axis screw mandrel to rotate by Y-axis shaft coupling, is connected because Y-axis feed screw nut is fixing with Z axis moving parts, fix the Y-axis slide block being connected to move on two Y-axis slide rails with Z axis moving parts, drive Z axis moving parts to move to Y-direction.

Z axis moving parts, including Z axis motor 501, Z axis shaft coupling 502, Z axis bearing block 503, Z axis screw mandrel 504,505, two parallel Z axis slide rails 506 of Z axis slide block and Z axis feed screw nut 507;The output shaft of Z axis motor 501 is connected with the Z axis screw mandrel 504 being supported on Z axis bearing block 503 by Z axis shaft coupling 502;Z axis feed screw nut 507 is socketed on Z axis screw mandrel 504 and fixes with print head assembly and is connected;Z axis slide block 505 is socketed on two parallel Z axis slide rails 506 and fixes with print head assembly and is connected.During work, Z axis electric machine rotation, its output shaft drives Z axis screw mandrel to rotate by Z axis shaft coupling, it is connected because ZY axial filament stem nut and print head assembly are fixing, fix the Z axis slide block being connected to move on two Z axis slide rails with print head assembly, thus drive print head assembly to move in Z-direction, that is, shower nozzle 206 is driven to lift.

Above-mentioned X-axis moving parts, Y-axis moving parts and the cooperation of Z axis moving parts, drive print head assembly to move at X, Y and Z-direction, thus realize 3D and print.

Preferably, X-axis motor, y-axis motor and Z axis motor are servomotor, replace the motor that existing fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment uses;X-axis shaft coupling, Y-axis shaft coupling and Z axis shaft coupling are ball-screw adapter;X-axis screw mandrel, Y-axis screw mandrel and Z axis screw mandrel are ball screw, replace the toothed belt transmission that existing fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment uses;X-axis slide rail, Y-axis slide rail and Z axis slide rail are line slideway, replace the optical axis that existing fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment uses.Compared to existing fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment, it is possible to increase three-axis moving precision.

The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of the printable metal dust that the application proposes, also includes hairbrush 302 in print head assembly, be installed on shower nozzle 206 avris, realizes cleaning the effect of shower nozzle under control.

In the fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of the printable metal dust that the application proposes; printed material in barrel is for being mixed with metal dust paste mixing material, can spray and realize to pile up molding from shower nozzle; creamy material for example with the mixing of metal dust, the compound bone cement of powder double-component and liquid two-component compound bone cement; molding is directly piled up after ejection; at room temperature solidification was put in hot isostatic press after 1 hour, sintered out finished product under inert atmosphere protection.

Use the fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of the printable metal dust of the application proposition, it is possible to realizing using fusion sediment type forming technique to print metal dust, installation cost is substantially reduced;The requirement of sphericity, particle diameter, uniformity and the cementability etc. of metal dust is reduced by printed material, material cost can be reduced, and extend available material ranges, compared to existing laser sintering and moulding technology 3D printing equipment, the print speed of fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment faster, improves the print speed printing metallic article.

It should be noted that; described above is not to restriction of the present utility model; this utility model is also not limited to the example above; change that those skilled in the art are made in essential scope of the present utility model, retrofit, add or replace, also should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. can print the fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of metal dust, it is characterised in that include moving parts, print head assembly and print platform;Described moving parts connects described print head assembly, drives described print head assembly to move;
Wherein, described print head assembly includes screw rod, charging motor, adapter, piston rod, barrel and the shower nozzle of barrel bottom;Described adapter one end connects described screw rod, and the other end connects described piston rod;Driving described screw rod to move along a straight line during the work of described charging motor, described screw rod drives described piston rod to move along a straight line;Described piston rod promotes the printed material in described barrel to spray from described shower nozzle;Described print platform is arranged at the lower end of described shower nozzle;
Printed material in described barrel is the paste mixing material being mixed with metal dust.
The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of printable metal dust the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described moving parts includes X-axis moving parts, Y-axis moving parts and Z axis moving parts;
Described X-axis moving parts, including X-axis motor, X-axis shaft coupling, X-axis bearing block, X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis slide block, two paralleled by X axis slide rails and X-axis feed screw nut;The output shaft of described X-axis motor is connected with the X-axis screw mandrel being supported on described X-axis bearing block by described X-axis shaft coupling;Described X-axis feed screw nut is socketed on described X-axis screw mandrel and fixes with described Y-axis moving parts and is connected;Described X-axis slide block set is connected on described two paralleled by X axis slide rails and with described Y-axis moving parts fix be connected;
Described Y-axis moving parts, including y-axis motor, Y-axis shaft coupling, Y-axis bearing block, Y-axis screw mandrel, Y-axis slide block, two parallel Y-axis slide rails and Y-axis feed screw nut;The output shaft of described y-axis motor is connected with the Y-axis screw mandrel being supported on described Y-axis bearing block by described Y-axis shaft coupling;Described Y-axis feed screw nut is socketed on described Y-axis screw mandrel and fixes with described Z axis moving parts and is connected;Described Y-axis slide block set is connected on described two parallel Y-axis slide rails and with described Z axis moving parts fix be connected;
Described Z axis moving parts, including Z axis motor, Z axis shaft coupling, Z axis bearing block, Z axis screw mandrel, Z axis slide block, two parallel Z axis slide rails and Z axis feed screw nut;The output shaft of described Z axis motor is connected with the Z axis screw mandrel being supported on described Z axis bearing block by described Z axis shaft coupling;Described Z axis feed screw nut is socketed on described Z axis screw mandrel and fixes with described print head assembly and is connected;Described Z axis slide block set is connected on described two parallel Z axis slide rails and with described print head assembly fix be connected.
The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of printable metal dust the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described X-axis motor, described y-axis motor and described Z axis motor are servomotor.
The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of printable metal dust the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described X-axis shaft coupling, described Y-axis shaft coupling and described Z axis shaft coupling are ball-screw adapter;Described X-axis screw mandrel, described Y-axis screw mandrel and described Z axis screw mandrel are ball screw.
The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of printable metal dust the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described X-axis slide rail, described Y-axis slide rail and described Z axis slide rail are line slideway.
The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of printable metal dust the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described shower nozzle avris is provided with hairbrush.
The fusion sediment type 3D printing equipment of printable metal dust the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the printed material in described barrel is metal dust, the compound bone cement of powder double-component and the creamy material of liquid two-component compound bone cement mixing.
CN201620322218.3U 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Printable metal powder's fused deposition type 3D printing device CN205629377U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620322218.3U CN205629377U (en) 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Printable metal powder's fused deposition type 3D printing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620322218.3U CN205629377U (en) 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Printable metal powder's fused deposition type 3D printing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205629377U true CN205629377U (en) 2016-10-12

Family

ID=57065653

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620322218.3U CN205629377U (en) 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Printable metal powder's fused deposition type 3D printing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205629377U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107756594A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-06 武汉理工大学 A kind of fibre-reinforced more shower nozzle cement slurry 3D printers
CN108515181A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-09-11 北京中科三维科技有限公司 A kind of metal 3D printing equipment of printing high intensity high-precision model

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107756594A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-06 武汉理工大学 A kind of fibre-reinforced more shower nozzle cement slurry 3D printers
CN108515181A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-09-11 北京中科三维科技有限公司 A kind of metal 3D printing equipment of printing high intensity high-precision model

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10456833B2 (en) Shrinkable support structures
US20170252813A1 (en) Energy directors for additive fabrication using semi-solid metallic extrusion
JP5920859B2 (en) 3D printer
US10766802B2 (en) Flexible 3D freeform techniques
US10207326B2 (en) Apparatus for fabricating three-dimensional object
DE112015002058T5 (en) Apparatus and method for forming three-dimensional objects
CN106217878B (en) A kind of 3D printer printing carbon fiber
EP3237181B1 (en) Method for producing 3d shaped articles by layering
US20180339452A1 (en) Method and device for applying fluids
CN105945281B (en) The deposition forming machining manufacture of part and mold
JP6519100B2 (en) Sinter-forming method, liquid binder, and sinter-formed product
US5387380A (en) Three-dimensional printing techniques
EP2887011B1 (en) Coordinate measuring machine with high precision 3D printing functionality
Murr et al. 3D metal droplet printing development and advanced materials additive manufacturing
CN102333607B (en) Process for producing three-dimensional shape and three-dimensional shape obtained thereby
JP4925048B2 (en) Manufacturing method of three-dimensional shaped object
CN104226988A (en) 3D printing manufacturing method for large-size part
EP3423214A1 (en) Additive manufacturing with metallic build materials
CN103407296A (en) Method for achieving high-melting-point material 3D printing through nanometer ink together with laser melting
US20180162048A1 (en) Decomposing polymer binders for additive manufacturing feedstock
CN106001568B (en) A kind of functionally gradient material (FGM) metal die 3D printing integral preparation method
CN104999031A (en) Rapid manufacturing method for sprayed and cured molding sand
CN103551572A (en) Three-dimensional (3D) metal printer
JP2019510882A (en) Additional manufacturing method and system
US20170173697A1 (en) Removable support structure with an interface formed between thermally mismatched bulk metallic glasses

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
TR01 Transfer of patent right
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: North Laoshan Road Licang District 266000 Shandong Province, Qingdao City No. 1022 in the arts and Creative Industry Park 1688 building 205 D2

Patentee after: Qingdao Santie Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

Address before: North Laoshan Road Licang District 266000 Shandong Province, Qingdao City No. 1022 in the arts and Creative Industry Park 1688 building 205 D2

Patentee before: Qingdao Sandi Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20191104

Address after: 510000 room 120, building A3, No. 3, Qingxu street, Tianhe District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangzhou youni Zhikang Biotechnology Co., Ltd

Address before: North Laoshan Road Licang District 266000 Shandong Province, Qingdao City No. 1022 in the arts and Creative Industry Park 1688 building 205 D2

Patentee before: Qingdao Santie Biotechnology Co., Ltd.