CN205615020U - 3D prints architectural decoration's equipment - Google Patents

3D prints architectural decoration's equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205615020U
CN205615020U CN201620373116.4U CN201620373116U CN205615020U CN 205615020 U CN205615020 U CN 205615020U CN 201620373116 U CN201620373116 U CN 201620373116U CN 205615020 U CN205615020 U CN 205615020U
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China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
axis guide
cmt
shower nozzle
slide block
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CN201620373116.4U
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杨永强
林辉
李阳
王安民
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a 3D prints architectural decoration's equipment mainly includes Y axle guide rail, X axle guide rail, Z axle guide rail and establishes removal shaping platform on the Z axle guide rail, send a silk machine, CMT electrical power generating system, CMT shower nozzle, water -cooled generator, protective gas device and central control system etc. Z axle guide rail, Y axle guide rail and X axle guide rail and with being connected, making up and control of other part, realize at the accurate of YXZ orientation and the object of the arbitrary shape of shaping fast that can perfect printing go out the structure that traditional manufacturing method can't obtain, release designer's creativity satisfies the imagination of designer's powerful and unconstrained style, the aesthetic property and the grade of promotion architectural decoration member, for using the laser instrument, the utility model discloses a CMT system, the heat input volume is lower, the heat affected area is littleer, warp forer a short time for fashioned precision is higher, and dimension error is littleer, compare with traditional architectural decoration component preparation technology, greatly reduced the cost, improved the precision.

Description

A kind of 3D prints the equipment of building decoration
Technical field
This utility model relates to increasing material manufacturing technology field, particularly relates to a kind of 3D and prints setting of building decoration Standby.
Background technology
Current architectural decorative component is mainly prepared by traditional method, as punching press, casting, machine cuts, The techniques such as cutting, bending, electrochemistry.Not only cost is high, efficiency is low, it is attractive in appearance to be short of, and in processing During the architectural decorative component of labyrinth, its technology difficulty is big, manufacturing cost dramatically increases, gained component Precision and intensity be substantially reduced, for complicated and require the component that load capacity is big, often hold after construction The problems such as fracture, crack easily occur.
3D printing technique is the skill that the method successively added up by design data acquisition material manufactures entity component Art, relative to traditional technology, is the manufacture method of a kind of material addition from bottom to top.Concrete principle is just It is 3D printing technique, it is simply that if in a computer 3D cad model being divided into dried layer, printed by 3D Equipment is in one plane according to 3D CAD layer pattern, by thin for plastics, metal even biological tissue activity The material such as born of the same parents sintering or stick together, stacking up the most in layer.By each layer not The accumulation of same figure, eventually forms a three-dimensional body.
Therefore, develop a kind of 3D and print method and the equipment thereof of architectural decorative component, catered to current 3D Print application, in the trend in building decoration field, has important practical significance.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the shortcoming and defect of above-mentioned prior art, it is provided that a kind of 3D beats The equipment of print building decoration.Solve traditional handicraft prepare that complex component difficulty is big, manufacturing cost is high, smart Spend the defects such as low.
This utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of 3D prints the equipment of building decoration, including base station 5, Y-axis guide rail 1, X-axis guide rail 3, Z Axis rail 16, mobile shaped platform 4, wire-feed motor 7, CMT power-supply system 8, water cooling unit 11, protection Gas device 7 and central control system 12;
Described Z axis guide rail 16 is four, is respectively symmetrically four edges standing upright on base station 5;
Described Y-axis guide rail 1 is two, every Y-axis guide rail 1 be parallel to each other and level be erected at that The end of these obverse two Z axis guide rails 16;
Described X-axis guide rail 3 is one, and its two ends are slided by the X-axis being arranged on Y-axis guide rail 1 respectively Block mechanism 17, level frame is located between two Y-axis guide rails 1, X-axis slide block mechanism 17 drives X-axis Guide rail 3 moves back and forth along the axis horizontal of Y-axis guide rail 1;
Described X-axis guide rail 3 is provided with shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10, and CMT shower nozzle 2 is arranged on shower nozzle slide block In mechanism 10, shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10 drive CMT shower nozzle 2 along the axis horizontal of X-axis guide rail 3 Move back and forth;
The corner of described mobile shaped platform 4, respectively by the platform slide block being arranged on Z axis guide rail 16 Mechanism 15 is slidably arranged on Z axis guide rail 16, platform slide block mechanism 15 drive mobile shaped platform 4 Axis along Z axis guide rail 16 pumps, and described CMT shower nozzle 2 is by X-axis guide rail 3 and Y Axis rail 1, moves freely on X/Y plane;
Described wire-feed motor 7 connects CMT shower nozzle 2 by gas silk common pall 14;Described protective gas fills Put 6 and connect wire-feed motor 7 by gas piping 13;Filamentary material and protective gas in wire-feed motor 7 pass through Gas silk common pall 14 is delivered to the mentioned nozzle area of CMT shower nozzle 2;
Described CMT power-supply system 8 connects CMT shower nozzle 2 by cable, for being in CMT shower nozzle 2 Filamentary material in mentioned nozzle area provides and makes its electric arc melted;
Described water cooling unit 11 connects CMT power-supply system 8 by cooling water pipe 9, it is carried out cooling and dissipates Heat;
Described central control system 12 connects X-axis slide block mechanism 17, shower nozzle slide block machine by controlling cable Structure 10, platform slide block mechanism 15, CMT shower nozzle 2, wire-feed motor 7, CMT power-supply system 8 and water cooling unit 11;Them are controlled according to its instruction operation by central control system 12.
The direction of motion of described mobile shaped platform 4 is mutually perpendicular to the direction of motion of X-axis guide rail 3.
The direction of motion of described CMT shower nozzle 2 is mutually perpendicular to the direction of motion of X-axis guide rail 3.
Described protective gas device 6 is protection gas cylinder, at protection gas cylinder built with inert protective gas, protects The outlet protecting gas cylinder is provided with the air valve of the pressure size controlling protective gas.
Described X-axis slide block mechanism 17, shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10 and platform slide block mechanism 15 are internal to be respectively mounted There is electromagnetic brake device, for they are braked.
A kind of method that 3D prints architectural decorative component is as follows:
Step one: the three-dimensional CAD model of the architectural decorative component 18 processed is processed, application Magics software carries out slicing delamination to this three-dimensional CAD model;Determine through border the most again, fill, Obtain the data of each layer and import to, in path planning software, carry out the planning of printing path, planned Import in central control system 12 after one-tenth, be ready for processing;
Step 2: first, opens protective gas device 6, by gas piping 13 by inert protective gas It is transported in wire-feed motor 7, opens water cooling unit 11 simultaneously, by cooling water pipe 9, to CMT power-supply system 8 cool down, it is ensured that heat radiation during its work needs;Central control system 12 is by its control circuit control The startup of CMT power-supply system 8 processed, and sliding by control circuit control X-axis slide block mechanism 17 and shower nozzle The corresponding movement on X-axis guide rail 3 and Y-axis guide rail 1 of block mechanism 10, make CMT shower nozzle 2 X, Movement in Y-direction plane;Filamentary material in wire-feed motor 7 is surrounded by noble gas, by gas silk altogether The mentioned nozzle area of CMT shower nozzle 2 is arrived, the arc-melting produced by CMT power-supply system 8 with pipeline 14;
Step 3: the X-axis slide block mechanism 17 on X-axis guide rail 3 holds CMT shower nozzle 2, in central authorities Under the control of control system 12 control circuit, X-axis slide block mechanism 17 and shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10 drive CMT shower nozzle 2 carries out X, Y-direction flat scanning according to the path planned in step one, often scans through One layer, mobile shaped platform 4, under the drive of platform slide block mechanism 15, declines a thickness along Z-direction Height, make CMT shower nozzle 2 fusing after filamentary material successively can be piled in set plane Type;
Step 4: circulation step three, until having printed the number of plies of all sections, completes designed building Decoration element 18.
This utility model, relative to prior art, has such advantages as and effect:
This utility model uses Z axis guide rail, Y-axis guide rail and X-axis guide rail 3 and the company with miscellaneous part Connect, combine and control, it is achieved Y, X, Z-direction accurately and can the thing of rapid shaping arbitrary shape Body, freely customizes for client and provides technical support, and that has widened designer thinks about it space.
Relative to using laser instrument, the CMT system that this utility model uses, heat input is lower, hot shadow Ring Qu Geng little, deform less so that the precision of molding is higher, and scale error is less;In addition CMT system Heat affecting is little, and the metallographic structure of molded body is good, and fire check tends to little, therefore better quality.
Compared with traditional architectural decorative component preparation technology, this utility model greatly reduces cost, carries High precision and quality, can build baroque building decoration, perfectly print conventionally manufactured The structure that method cannot obtain, the creativity of release designer, meet the imaginative power of designer's powerful and unconstrained style, Promote aesthetic property and the class of architectural decorative component.
The component obtained by this utility model is seamless connection, and structural soundness and bonding strength are remote Higher than traditional handicraft.
The component obtained by this utility model, owing to being the use of increasing material manufacture, the use to material Rate, close to 100%, does not haves the waste of material, and for the monnolithic case of building decoration, Ke Yiyi Secondary molding, has saved the working time, brief introduction reduce processing cost.
This utility model is the building decoration of exquisiteness for complexity, can perfectly realize, and traditional handicraft It is difficult to accomplish.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the equipment perspective view that this utility model 3D prints building decoration.
Fig. 2 is the equipment two-dimensional structure schematic diagram that this utility model 3D prints building decoration.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, this utility model is more specifically described in detail.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2.The utility model discloses a kind of 3D and print the equipment of building decoration, including Base station 5, Y-axis guide rail 1, X-axis guide rail 3, Z axis guide rail 16, mobile shaped platform 4, wire-feed motor 7, CMT power-supply system 8, water cooling unit 11, protective gas device 7 and central control system 12;
Described Z axis guide rail 16 is four, is respectively symmetrically four edges standing upright on base station 5;
Described Y-axis guide rail 1 is two, every Y-axis guide rail 1 be parallel to each other and level be erected at that The end of these obverse two Z axis guide rails 16;
Described X-axis guide rail 3 is one, and its two ends are slided by the X-axis being arranged on Y-axis guide rail 1 respectively Block mechanism 17, level frame is located between two Y-axis guide rails 1, X-axis slide block mechanism 17 drives X-axis Guide rail 3 moves back and forth along the axis horizontal of Y-axis guide rail 1;
Described X-axis guide rail 3 is provided with shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10, and CMT shower nozzle 2 is arranged on shower nozzle slide block In mechanism 10, shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10 drive CMT shower nozzle 2 along the axis horizontal of X-axis guide rail 3 Move back and forth, it is achieved architectural decorative component 18 is in X, the molding of Z-direction;
The corner of described mobile shaped platform 4, respectively by the platform slide block being arranged on Z axis guide rail 16 Mechanism 15 is slidably arranged on Z axis guide rail 16, platform slide block mechanism 15 drive mobile shaped platform 4 Axis along Z axis guide rail 16 pumps, and described CMT shower nozzle 2 is by X-axis guide rail 3 and Y Axis rail 1, moves freely on X/Y plane, it is achieved architectural decorative component 18 is in the molding of Z-direction;
Described wire-feed motor 7 connects CMT shower nozzle 2 by gas silk common pall 14;Described protective gas fills Put 6 and connect wire-feed motor 7 by gas piping 13;Filamentary material and protective gas in wire-feed motor 7 pass through Gas silk common pall 14 is delivered to the mentioned nozzle area of CMT shower nozzle 2;
Described CMT power-supply system 8 connects CMT shower nozzle 2 by cable, for being in CMT shower nozzle 2 Filamentary material in mentioned nozzle area provides and makes its electric arc melted;Protective gas and filamentary material can be simultaneously Arrive CMT shower nozzle 2 mentioned nozzle area, such filamentary material when fusing, protected gas-circulating around, Isolation air, improves formed precision.
Described water cooling unit 11 connects CMT power-supply system 8 by cooling water pipe 9, it is carried out cooling and dissipates Heat;When CMT power-supply system 8 works, central control system 12 controls water cooling unit 11 and works, and passes through CMT power-supply system 8 is lowered the temperature by cooling water, prevents it overheated, affects precision.
Described central control system 12 connects X-axis slide block mechanism 17, shower nozzle slide block machine by controlling cable Structure 10, platform slide block mechanism 15, CMT shower nozzle 2, wire-feed motor 7, CMT power-supply system 8 and water cooling unit 11;Them are controlled according to its instruction operation by central control system 12.
The direction of motion of described mobile shaped platform 4 is mutually perpendicular to the direction of motion of X-axis guide rail 3.
The direction of motion of described CMT shower nozzle 2 is mutually perpendicular to the direction of motion of X-axis guide rail 3.
Described protective gas device 6 is protection gas cylinder, at protection gas cylinder built with inert protective gas, protects The outlet protecting gas cylinder is provided with the air valve of the pressure size controlling protective gas.
Described X-axis slide block mechanism 17, shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10 and platform slide block mechanism 15 are internal to be respectively mounted There is electromagnetic brake device, for they are braked.
This utility model 3D prints the method for architectural decorative component and can be achieved by the steps of:
Step one: the three-dimensional CAD model of the architectural decorative component 18 processed is processed, will build The position building decoration is suitably put, and avoids being difficult to the appearance of the angle of molding and shape as far as possible, choosing By suitable thickness parameter, application magics software carries out slicing delamination to this three-dimensional CAD model;So After determine through border again, fill, obtain the data of each layer and import to, in path planning software, enter The planning of row printing path, imports in central control system 12 after having planned, is ready for processing;
Step 2: first, opens protective gas device 6, by gas piping 13 by inert protective gas It is transported in wire-feed motor 7, opens water cooling unit 11 simultaneously, by cooling water pipe 9, to CMT power-supply system 8 cool down, it is ensured that heat radiation during its work needs;Central control system 12 is by its built-in control Circuit control CMT power-supply system 8 startup, and by control circuit control X-axis slide block mechanism 17 and The corresponding movement on X-axis guide rail 3 and Y-axis guide rail 1 of shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10, makes CMT shower nozzle 2 movements in X, Y-direction plane;Filamentary material in wire-feed motor 7 is surrounded by noble gas, passes through Gas silk common pall 14 arrives the mentioned nozzle area of CMT shower nozzle 2, the electricity produced by CMT power-supply system 8 Arc melting;
Step 3: the X-axis slide block mechanism 17 on X-axis guide rail 3 holds CMT shower nozzle 2, in central authorities Under the control of control system 12 control circuit, X-axis slide block mechanism 17 and shower nozzle slide block mechanism 10 drive CMT shower nozzle 2 carries out X, Y-direction flat scanning according to the path planned in step one, often scans through One layer, mobile shaped platform 4, under the drive of platform slide block mechanism 15, declines a thickness along Z-direction Height, make CMT shower nozzle 2 fusing after filamentary material successively can be piled in set plane Type;
Step 4: circulation step three, until having printed the number of plies of all sections, completes designed building Decoration element 18.
As it has been described above, just can preferably realize this utility model.
Embodiment of the present utility model is also not restricted to the described embodiments, and other are any without departing from this reality With the change made under novel spirit and principle, modify, substitute, combine, simplify, all should be The substitute mode of equivalence, within being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the equipment of a 3D printing building decoration; it is characterized in that, including base station (5), Y-axis guide rail (1), X-axis guide rail (3), Z axis guide rail (16), mobile shaped platform (4), wire-feed motor (7), CMT power-supply system (8), water cooling unit (11), protective gas device (6) and central control system (12);
Described Z axis guide rail (16) is four, is respectively symmetrically four edges standing upright on base station (5);
Described Y-axis guide rail (1) is two, and every Y-axis guide rail (1) is to be parallel to each other and the end of the two Z axis guide rails (16) being erected at the face of corresponding to each other of level;
Described X-axis guide rail (3) is one, its two ends are respectively by the X-axis slide block mechanism (17) being arranged on Y-axis guide rail (1), level frame is located between two Y-axis guide rails (1), X-axis slide block mechanism (17) drive X-axis guide rail (3) to move back and forth along the axis horizontal of Y-axis guide rail (1);
Described X-axis guide rail (3) is provided with shower nozzle slide block mechanism (10), CMT shower nozzle (2) is arranged on shower nozzle slide block mechanism (10), shower nozzle slide block mechanism (10) drive CMT shower nozzle (2) to move back and forth along the axis horizontal of X-axis guide rail (3);
The corner of described mobile shaped platform (4), platform slide block mechanism (15) by being arranged on Z axis guide rail (16) is slidably arranged on Z axis guide rail (16) respectively, mobile shaped platform (4) is driven to pump along the axis of Z axis guide rail (16) by platform slide block mechanism (15), described CMT shower nozzle (2) passes through X-axis guide rail (3) and Y-axis guide rail (1), moves freely on X/Y plane;
Described wire-feed motor (7) connects CMT shower nozzle (2) by gas silk common pall (14);Described protective gas device (6) connects wire-feed motor (7) by gas piping (13);Filamentary material and protective gas in wire-feed motor (7) are delivered to the mentioned nozzle area of CMT shower nozzle (2) by gas silk common pall (14);
Described CMT power-supply system (8) connects CMT shower nozzle (2) by cable, provides, for the filamentary material being in CMT shower nozzle (2) mentioned nozzle area, the electric arc making it melt;
Described water cooling unit (11) connects CMT power-supply system (8) by cooling water pipe (9), and it is carried out cooling heat radiation;
Described central control system (12) connects X-axis slide block mechanism (17), shower nozzle slide block mechanism (10), platform slide block mechanism (15), CMT shower nozzle (2), wire-feed motor (7), CMT power-supply system (8) and water cooling unit (11) by controlling cable;Them are controlled according to its instruction operation by central control system (12).
The most according to claim 1,3D prints the equipment of building decoration, it is characterised in that: the direction of motion of described mobile shaped platform (4) is mutually perpendicular to the direction of motion of X-axis guide rail (3).
The most according to claim 1,3D prints the equipment of building decoration, it is characterised in that: the direction of motion of described CMT shower nozzle (2) is mutually perpendicular to the direction of motion of X-axis guide rail (3).
4. the equipment of building decoration is printed according to 3D according to any one of claims 1 to 3; it is characterized in that: described protective gas device (6) is protection gas cylinder; it is provided with the air valve of the pressure size controlling protective gas built with inert protective gas, the outlet of protection gas cylinder at protection gas cylinder.
The most according to claim 4,3D prints the equipment of building decoration, it is characterized in that: described X-axis slide block mechanism (17), shower nozzle slide block mechanism (10) and platform slide block mechanism (15) are internal is mounted on electromagnetic brake device, for being braked them.
CN201620373116.4U 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 3D prints architectural decoration's equipment Active CN205615020U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105799172A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-27 华南理工大学 Equipment and method for 3D printing of architectural ornaments

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105799172A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-27 华南理工大学 Equipment and method for 3D printing of architectural ornaments
CN105799172B (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-12-11 华南理工大学 A kind of apparatus and method for of 3D printing building decoration

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