CN205614431U - Automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle - Google Patents

Automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205614431U
CN205614431U CN201521022044.0U CN201521022044U CN205614431U CN 205614431 U CN205614431 U CN 205614431U CN 201521022044 U CN201521022044 U CN 201521022044U CN 205614431 U CN205614431 U CN 205614431U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bent axle
workpiece
grinding
descaling machine
frame
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CN201521022044.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马颖
李百强
刘洪纬
刘小龙
卫洪
赵瑛
时哲
张佳夫
李明
�田�浩
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中国汽车工业工程有限公司
机械工业第四设计研究院有限公司
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Priority to CN201521022044.0U priority Critical patent/CN205614431U/en
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Publication of CN205614431U publication Critical patent/CN205614431U/en

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Abstract

Automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle, including frame and feed arrangement, work piece transfer device, grinding mechanism and the discharging device of setting in the frame, work piece transfer device sets up the top in the frame through the support post for polish the bent axle with waiting of carrying of feed arrangement and transport the back of polishing to the grinding mechanism in, transport the bent axle again and export in discharging device. The utility model discloses an automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle adopts the robot to carry out piece from top to bottom, can four bent axle work pieces of a simultaneous processing to through the device parts of a plurality of mutual matchings, realized the full -automatic clearance of polishing of bent axle work piece, improved production efficiency, saved manpower resources, also reduced operation workman's intensity of labour. Grinding mechanism can realize polishing emery wheel X, Y, the ascending linkage of the three side of Z, in addition the bent axle work piece, can satisfy and follow the curved multi -angle grinding of bent axle die joint to not unidimensional work piece through four -axis linkage from in along with the epaxial motion of slip table stroke owner X.

Description

Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine

Technical field

This utility model relates to bent axle polishing cleaning equipment technical field, specifically a kind of bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine.

Background technology

At present, bent axle of the prior art polishing cleaning equipment is primarily present following several big problem: 1, existing bent axle polisher is mostly artificial upper and lower pieces, and automaticity is relatively low, occupies substantial amounts of human resources.2, the bistrique used in bruting process can only carry out motion up and down or front and back, treats the change in size that the automatic modeling crankshaft casting of polishing itself produces due to the difference of model and has no idea adaptation.The utilization rate causing bent axle polishing cleaning equipment is relatively low.3, existing bent axle polisher typically can only once complete the Crankshaft Machining of or two pieces, inefficiency, as selected multiple devices, then takes up an area the biggest.Can not meet the production requirement of production.4, in existing bent axle polisher equipment, each component layouts is unreasonable, causes that equipment overall structure compactedness is poor, floor space is relatively big, and power consumption is many.5, existing bent axle polisher is when carrying out grinding workpieces, uses spring structure to position workpiece, and spring structure is the most stuck, causes equipment overall failure rate higher, and grinding workpieces yield rate is low, poor quality.

The plant equipment that crankshaft workpiece does not the most carry out in prior art full-automatic sanding cleaning occurs.

Utility model content

Technical purpose of the present utility model is: provide a kind of bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine, solves bent axle polisher fault rate in prior art high, and automaticity and inefficiency, grinding workpieces quality of finished is poor, the irrational technical barrier of device layout.

This utility model be the technical scheme is that bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine by the above-mentioned technical problem of solution, feed arrangement, workpiece transporter, grinding mechanism and the drawing mechanism including frame and being arranged in frame, described workpiece transporter is erected at the top of frame by support post, for feed arrangement is carried after until polishing, bent axle is transported to polish in grinding mechanism, then be transported to bent axle in drawing mechanism export;

Described workpiece transporter includes transport carriage, drives motor and two setting a roof beam in place on support post top arranged in parallel, described transport carriage be erected at two set a roof beam in place between, and can move back and forth along the length direction set a roof beam in place under the driving driving motor, driving oil cylinder it is provided with on transport carriage, the end of this driving cylinder piston rod is provided with the mechanical hand for capturing bent axle to be transported, enables mechanical hand to realize elevating movement in the lower section of transportation trolley under the driving driving oil cylinder;

Described mechanical hand includes axially be symmetrical set two groups of gas pawls of drive mechanism and relative bent axle to be transported, and this drive mechanism can drive two groups of gas pawls relatively or run counter to motion, and then realizes crawl or the release of bent axle to be operated.

Described feed arrangement is identical with drawing mechanism structure, all include work platforms, material conveying trolley and driving motor, described driving motor drives material conveying trolley to carry out haul operation on work platforms by rack-and-pinion, the bottom of material conveying trolley is provided with for limiting its directive wheel of movement locus on work platforms, the top of material conveying trolley is provided with four groups of workpiece holders being respectively used to support four bent axles to be transported, four groups of workpiece holders are being divided into front two rows in the direction of motion of material conveying trolley, and often two groups of workpiece holders in row are symmetrical set.

Described transportation trolley is arranged with two groups before and after in its direction of motion in parallel and drives oil cylinder, and often group drives the piston-rod end of oil cylinder to be respectively and fixedly provided with one piece of installing plate, and the lower section of installing plate is symmetrically set with two mechanical hands.

The described V-shaped structure of gas pawl, and the V-type opening direction of the two groups of gas pawls being symmetrical set is corresponding.

Described grinding mechanism includes the lathe bed being horizontally fixed in frame and the workbench being arranged on lathe bed, workpiece feed arrangement and overlap grinding wheel component more, described workbench is by the line slideway I being arranged on lathe bed, can linearly guide rail I moves back and forth under the drive of workpiece feed arrangement slide unit and multiple workpiece numerical-controlled turntables composition of being arranged on slide unit, the top of each workpiece numerical-controlled turntable is provided with one group for the workpiece holder supporting a bent axle to be ground, and corresponding to the workpiece clamping device being arranged above for compressing bent axle to be ground of each workpiece numerical-controlled turntable, on described workpiece holder, the direction that axially linearly guide rail I moves back and forth with slide unit of supported bent axle is consistent;

Described many sets grinding wheel component is symmetrical set in the both sides of line slideway I, and the tricks of grinding wheel component is identical with the number of workpiece numerical-controlled turntable, often set grinding wheel component includes that abrasive grinding wheel and the emery wheel that can cooperate adjust frame and grinding wheel feeding device, for being processed a bent axle to be ground corresponding thereto;

Described emery wheel adjusts frame and from the line slideway II being arranged on lathe bed and can linearly guide rail II moves back and forth under the drive of the grinding wheel feeding device coordinated with it operating platform form, the radial direction that the direction of motion is bent axle to be ground of described operating platform, the line slideway III axially paralleled with bent axle to be ground and can column that linearly guide rail III moves back and forth it is provided with on the upper surface of operating platform, this column is being provided with about one vertically disposed line slideway IV towards the side of workbench, line slideway IV is provided with a mounting blocks that can move up and down along its length, described abrasive grinding wheel is arranged on this mounting blocks, for the fash of bent axle to be ground is carried out grinding.

On described slide unit, the number of workpiece numerical-controlled turntable is 4, and 4 workpiece numerical-controlled turntables are divided into before and after two groups on the length direction of linearly guide rail I, and often two workpiece numerical-controlled turntables in group are symmetrical set.

Described workpiece feed arrangement is identical with grinding wheel feeding device structure, all includes servomotor and ball-screw.

Described workpiece clamping device includes turning round clamping cylinder and compressor arm, and the end of this compressor arm is additionally provided with hydraulic bjuffer.

Described often group workpiece holder includes the V-block at two gear axle journals being respectively supported at bent axle and oil sealing axle journal, this V-block opening up, and the inner lower edge of V-structure is flatbed.

Beneficial effect:

1, bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine of the present utility model uses robot to carry out upper and lower pieces, four crankshaft workpiece can be processed the most simultaneously, and by multiple device features being mutually matched, achieve the full-automatic sanding cleaning of crankshaft workpiece, improve production efficiency, save human resources, also reduce the labor intensity of operator.

2, in the grinding mechanism of bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine, emery wheel is in the regulation motor process of three rectilinear orbits, the linkage on tri-directions of emery wheel X, Y, Z of polishing can be realized, plus crankshaft workpiece from the motion in the main X-axis of slide unit stroke, by four-axle linked, the multi-angle grinding various sizes of workpiece carried out along bent axle die joint curve can be met.Improve the adaptability that equipment is overall, also improve the grinding quality of finished of bent axle.

3, bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine of the present utility model is in workpiece clamping device, employ hydraulic bjuffer, make device structure simpler, cushion effect can be adjusted at any time according to on-the-spot and workpiece situation, it is not easy that stuck phenomenon occurs, greatly reduce the fault rate of equipment, make device general safety reliability high, also extend the service life of equipment.

4, workpiece transporter of the present utility model uses the gas pawl of two V-structures capture workpiece or discharge during haul, the clamping that the axle journal position of bent axle can be consolidated by V-structure, prevent it from deflecting, misplace and dropping during transporting, transport effective, also crankshaft deformation can effectively be prevented, being conducive to improving the grinding quality of finished of bent axle, security reliability is high, good practical effect.

5, crankshaft workpiece can be supported fixing in haul and grinding process by the workpiece holder in this utility model, V-block structure in workpiece holder can be good at the axle journal position of bent axle is supported and is positioned, prevent it from deflecting, misplace and dropping during transporting, stuck and metaboly when capturing after being also prevented effectively from conveying, be conducive to improving the grinding quality of finished of bent axle, good practical effect.

6, equipment mechanism of the present utility model is compact, rationally distributed, reduces power consumption, decreases floor space, good practical effect.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation front view of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of feed arrangement;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation top view of material conveying trolley;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation often organizing workpiece holder;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation left view often organizing workpiece holder in feed arrangement;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of workpiece transporter;

Fig. 9 is the top view of Fig. 8;

Figure 10 is the left view of Fig. 8;

Figure 11 is the structural representation of mechanical hand in workpiece transporter;

Figure 12 is the structural representation front view of grinding mechanism;

Figure 13 is the right view of Figure 12;

Figure 14 is the top view of Figure 13;

Figure 15 is the structural representation left view often organizing workpiece holder on the slide unit of grinding mechanism;

Figure 16 is the structural representation of abrasive grinding wheel;

nullReference: 1、Frame,2、Feed arrangement,3、Workpiece transporter,4、Grinding mechanism,5、Drawing mechanism,6、Support post,201、Work platforms,202、Material conveying trolley,203、First drives motor,204、Directive wheel,301、Transport carriage,302、Second drives motor,303、Set a roof beam in place,304、Drive oil cylinder,305、Piston rod,306、Mechanical hand,306a、Drive mechanism,306b、Gas pawl,307、Installing plate,401、Lathe bed,402、Workpiece feed arrangement,403、Line slideway I,404、Slide unit,405、Workpiece numerical-controlled turntable,406、Workpiece holder,406a、V-block,406b、Auxiliary support bar,407、Abrasive grinding wheel,407a、Grinding wheel spindle,407b、Emery wheel,407c、Servomotor,407d、Belt wheel,407e、Synchronous cog belt,408、Grinding wheel feeding device,409、Line slideway II,410、Operating platform,411、Line slideway III,412、Column,413、Line slideway IV,414、Mounting blocks,415、3rd drives motor to drive,416、Revolution clamping cylinder,417、Compressor arm.

Detailed description of the invention

Detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine, feed arrangement 2, workpiece transporter 3, grinding mechanism 4 and the drawing mechanism 5 including frame 1 and being arranged in frame 1, described workpiece transporter 3 is erected at the top of frame 1 by support post 6, for feed arrangement 2 is carried after until polishing, bent axle is transported to polish in grinding mechanism 4, then be transported to bent axle in drawing mechanism 5 export.

Described feed arrangement 2 or drawing mechanism 5 include work platforms 201, material conveying trolley 202 and first drives motor 203, the first described driving motor 203 drives material conveying trolley 202 to carry out haul operation on work platforms 201 by rack-and-pinion, the top of material conveying trolley 202 is provided with four groups of workpiece holders 406 being respectively used to support four bent axles to be transported, four groups of workpiece holders 406 are divided into front two rows in the direction of motion along material conveying trolley 202, often two groups of workpiece holders 406 in row are symmetrical set, the bottom of material conveying trolley 202 is provided with the directive wheel 204 for limiting its movement locus on work platforms.

Described workpiece holder 406 is to be fixed by screws on material conveying trolley 202.

The end of described material conveying trolley 202 is additionally provided with the dead gear for preventing it from dropping on work platforms 201.

Described workpiece transporter 3 includes transport carriage 301, second drive motor 302 and two arranged in parallel set a roof beam in place 303 on support post 6 top, described transport carriage 301 is erected at two and sets a roof beam in place between 303, and can second drive motor 302 driving under along set a roof beam in place 303 length direction move back and forth, driving oil cylinder 304 it is provided with on transport carriage 301, the end of this driving oil cylinder 304 piston rod 305 is provided with the mechanical hand 306 for capturing bent axle to be transported, make mechanical hand 306 can realize elevating movement in the lower section of transportation trolley 301 under the driving driving oil cylinder 304;

Described mechanical hand 306 includes axially be symmetrical set two groups of gas pawl 306b of drive mechanism 306a and relative bent axle to be transported, and this drive mechanism 306a can drive two groups of gas pawl 306b relatively or run counter to motion, and then realizes crawl or the release of bent axle to be operated.

Described transportation trolley 301 is arranged with two groups before and after in its direction of motion in parallel and drives oil cylinder 304, and often group drives piston rod 305 end of oil cylinder 304 to be respectively and fixedly provided with one piece of installing plate 307, and the lower section of installing plate 307 is symmetrically set with two mechanical hands 306.

The described gas V-shaped structure of pawl 306b, and the V-type opening direction of the two groups of gas pawl 306b being symmetrical set is corresponding.The most often the number of group gas pawl 306b is two.

Described transport carriage 301 end be additionally provided with for preventing its dead gear dropped 303 from setting a roof beam in place.

Described second driving motor 302 drives transport carriage 301 to move back and forth on 303 along setting a roof beam in place by rack-and-pinion.

The bottom of described transport carriage 301 is provided with for limiting it at the directive wheel of movement locus on 303 of setting a roof beam in place.

nullDescribed grinding mechanism 4 includes the lathe bed 401 being horizontally fixed in frame 1 and is arranged on the workbench on lathe bed 401、Workpiece feed arrangement 402 and overlap grinding wheel component more,Described workbench is by the line slideway I 403 being arranged on lathe bed 401、Can linearly guide rail I 403 moves back and forth under the drive of workpiece feed arrangement 402 slide unit 404 and the multiple workpiece numerical-controlled turntables 405 being arranged on slide unit 404 form,The top of each workpiece numerical-controlled turntable 405 is provided with one group for the workpiece holder 406 supporting a bent axle to be ground,And corresponding to the workpiece clamping device being arranged above for compressing bent axle to be ground of each workpiece numerical-controlled turntable 405,On described workpiece holder 406, the direction that axially linearly guide rail I 403 moves back and forth with slide unit 404 of supported bent axle is consistent;

Described many sets grinding wheel component is symmetrical set in the both sides of line slideway I 403, and the tricks of grinding wheel component is identical with the number of workpiece numerical-controlled turntable 405, often set grinding wheel component includes that abrasive grinding wheel 407 and the emery wheel that can cooperate adjust frame and grinding wheel feeding device 408, for being processed a bent axle to be ground corresponding thereto;

nullDescribed emery wheel adjusts frame and from the line slideway II 409 being arranged on lathe bed 401 and can linearly guide rail II 409 moves back and forth under the drive of the grinding wheel feeding device 408 coordinated with it operating platform 410 form,The radial direction that the direction of motion is bent axle to be ground of described operating platform 410,The line slideway III 411 axially paralleled with bent axle to be ground and can column 412 that linearly guide rail III 411 moves back and forth it is provided with on the upper surface of operating platform 410,This column 412 is being provided with about one vertically disposed line slideway IV 413 towards the side of workbench,Line slideway IV 413 is provided with a mounting blocks that can move up and down along its length 414,Described abrasive grinding wheel 407 is fixedly installed on this mounting blocks 414,For the fash of bent axle to be ground is carried out grinding.

On described slide unit 404, the number of workpiece numerical-controlled turntable 405 is four, and four workpiece numerical-controlled turntables 405 are divided into before and after two groups on the length direction of linearly guide rail I 403, and often two workpiece numerical-controlled turntables 405 in group are symmetrical set.

Described column 412 and mounting blocks 414 are driven by its 3rd the most corresponding driving motor 415.

The chute for collecting chip it is provided with on described lathe bed 401.

Described workpiece feed arrangement 402 or grinding wheel feeding device 408 include servomotor and ball-screw.

Described workpiece clamping device includes turning round clamping cylinder 416 and compressor arm 417, and the end of this compressor arm 417 is additionally provided with hydraulic bjuffer.

Described often group workpiece holder 406 includes the V-block 406a at two gear axle journals being respectively supported at bent axle and oil sealing axle journal, and this V-block 406a's is opening up, and the inner lower edge of V-structure is flatbed.

The number of described V-block 406a is two, and is respectively supported at the gear axle journal of bent axle and at oil sealing axle journal.

Described often group workpiece holder 406 also includes the auxiliary support bar 406b being vertically supported at rod journal.

Described abrasive grinding wheel 407 includes grinding wheel spindle 407a, be arranged on grinding wheel spindle 407a emery wheel 407b and servomotor 407c, belt wheel 407d and synchronous cog belt 407e.

This equipment is five station grinding units, is divided into robot feeding station, mechanical hand material grasping station, grinding station, mechanical hand discharge station and artificial discharge station.Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine 4 workpiece of grinding, including frame, feed arrangement, workpiece transporter, grinding mechanism and drawing mechanism.Below it is described in detail:

1, grinding mechanism: grinding mechanism has been used for the cleaning work of bent axle die joint fash.Mainly it is made up of following components: lathe bed, workbench, work feed device, workpiece holder, workpiece clamping device, emery wheel driving means, abrasive grinding wheel, emery wheel adjust frame, grinding wheel feeding device etc..

Lathe bed: for installment work feed arrangement and grinding wheel feeding device, support works platform and grinding wheel component.Lathe bed is cross, Plate Welding form, and has excellent intensity, rigidity.Chute is set on lathe bed, is used for collecting chip.

Workbench: be used for workpiece axially-movable, rotary motion.Workbench is made up of slide unit, line slideway I and 4 workpiece numerical-controlled turntables.

Workpiece feed arrangement: be used for carrying out the driving work of workpiece axially-movable.Workpiece feed arrangement is made up of servomotor, ball-screw and support member thereof.

Workpiece holder: be used for supporting workpiece.Two V-blocks are respectively supported at gear axle journal and oil sealing axle journal, be provided with auxiliary and support at bent axle first and third rod journal, at middle trunnion in point location.Different product needed changes different fixtures, and therefore, workpiece holder is screwed on digital controlled rotary platform, when changing workpiece holder, it is only necessary to screw off screw.

Workpiece clamping device: for the Work-sheet pressing on workpiece holder will be placed on, it is to avoid workpiece play in grinding process.Gripping mechanism is by turning round clamping cylinder and compressor arm forms, and the end of compressor arm is additionally provided with hydraulic bjuffer.

Abrasive grinding wheel: be used for driving emery wheel to rotate, crankshaft workpiece fash is carried out grinding.It is made up of servomotor, belt wheel, synchronous cog belt, grinding wheel spindle etc..4 emery wheel 4 automatic modeling crankshaft casting of correspondence processing respectively, each abrasive grinding wheel has independent motor to drive and grinding carriage feed arrangement, can be by all parts the moving back and forth on line slideway II, line slideway III and line slideway IV respectively in grinding wheel component, it is achieved emery wheel runs (X, Y-direction can move simultaneously) in tri-directionally independent programs of X, Y, Z.Emery wheel uses high speed ceramic skive, and grinding efficiency is high, grinding work piece precision is high, and surface quality is good.

Emery wheel adjusts frame: is used for installing abrasive grinding wheel, and drives emery wheel to complete workpiece radial feed.Emery wheel adjusts frame by operating platform and line slideway II forms.

Grinding wheel component can adjust use for the product that different product, different model are made, it is achieved the up and down motion of abrasive grinding wheel, the side-to-side movement of column.Grinding wheel component is made up of servomotor, ball-screw and support member thereof.

Grinding wheel feeding device: for the driving work of march shaft-like work radial motion.Grinding wheel feeding device is made up of servomotor, ball-screw and support member thereof.

2, workpiece transporter: be used for being transported to the workbench of grinding station unprocessed workpiece from mechanical hand material grasping station, workpiece manufactured on workbench be transported to mechanical hand discharge station simultaneously.Workpiece transporter includes that transport carriage, mechanical hand etc. form.

(1) transport carriage: transport carriage is welded by rectangular steel pipe, uses driven by servomotor rack-and-pinion to drive trolley travelling.Wheel is flat travelling wheel, and dolly is provided with guide wheel and guides, it is ensured that dolly even running.Dolly is provided with two group oil cylinder driving mechanical handss and realizes its elevating movement.

(2) mechanical hand: transport carriage is provided with two set mechanical hands and is installed on transport carriage.Often group mechanical hand uses four groups of (eight) gas pawls to capture crankshaft workpiece, and gas pawl installs V-block, and crawl position is output axle journal and flange (axle journal).The gas pawl of mechanical hand is suitable for above-mentioned various sizes of bent axle product.

3, feed arrangement: for positioning at the beginning of workpiece, and be transported to mechanical hand material grasping station by robot feeding station.Material conveying trolley is welded by rectangular steel pipe, uses driven by servomotor rack-and-pinion to drive trolley travelling.Wheel is flat travelling wheel, and dolly is provided with guide wheel and guides, it is ensured that dolly even running.Material conveying trolley is provided with four groups of workpiece holders, and clamping form is with the workpiece holder on grinding mechanism.Fixture is screwed on material conveying trolley, when changing workpiece holder, it is only necessary to screw off screw.

4, drawing mechanism: for the workpiece processed is transported to artificial discharge station by mechanical hand discharge station.Material conveying trolley is welded by rectangular steel pipe, uses reducing motor to drive trolley travelling.Wheel is flat travelling wheel, and dolly is provided with guide wheel and guides, it is ensured that dolly even running.

5, frame: be used for supporting feed arrangement, workpiece transporter, grinding mechanism and drawing mechanism.Frame is welded by rectangular steel pipe, and support post is provided with square steel and runs track as transportation trolley, and each dolly termination is provided with the dead gear preventing dolly from dropping.

Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine of the present utility model uses part in robot, it is contemplated that with relevant device productivity ratio matching problem, use material conveying trolley and transport carriage that workpiece is transported to unit of polishing.Workpiece is delivered to after having polished pickup station again, saves human resources.Grinding mechanism itself can realize the motion in tri-directions of X, Y, Z, and workpiece size is changed strong adaptability.By 4 workpiece of time processing, productivity ratio improves about 60%, saves manpower.Employing hydraulic bjuffer in equipment, structure is simpler, it is not easy to stuck phenomenon, failure rate is low occur, it is possible to adjust cushion effect according to on-the-spot and workpiece situation.Through having seeked advice from hydraulic bjuffer manufacturing firm, there is presently no people and so use.Our analysis of process and the demonstration with producer, be used in and should be reasonably herein.For ensureing positioning precision herein, equipment is provided with rotary oil cylinder on material conveying trolley to carry out workpiece just positioning;The measures such as servomotor are used on material conveying trolley.One kidney-shaped alignment pin is installed on the rotary oil cylinder arranged on material conveying trolley.Rotary oil cylinder has lifting travel and rotating distance two kinds.Minor face was in axle journal position at the one of bent axle before this, and rotary oil cylinder rotates after raising, and long edge lengths is the same with the gap width of axle journal position herein, carried out bent axle just positioning.

Equipment uses time processing four, and workpiece is placed on work platforms, servomotor drive feed screw nut motion, and the main X-axis of stroke is moved;Grinding wheel component three axle uses feed screw nut to drive it to realize X ', Y, Z three-shaft linkage, by four-axle linked, crankshaft workpiece is carried out the cutting along die joint curve.Improve the adaptability of equipment, improve productivity ratio, save human resources.

Claims (9)

1. bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine, it is characterized in that: include frame and the feed arrangement being arranged in frame, workpiece transporter, grinding mechanism and drawing mechanism, described workpiece transporter is erected at the top of frame by support post, for feed arrangement is carried after until polishing, bent axle is transported to polish in grinding mechanism, then be transported to bent axle in drawing mechanism export;
Described workpiece transporter includes transport carriage, drives motor and two setting a roof beam in place on support post top arranged in parallel, described transport carriage be erected at two set a roof beam in place between, and can move back and forth along the length direction set a roof beam in place under the driving driving motor, driving oil cylinder it is provided with on transport carriage, the end of this driving cylinder piston rod is provided with the mechanical hand for capturing bent axle to be transported, enables mechanical hand to realize elevating movement in the lower section of transportation trolley under the driving driving oil cylinder;
Described mechanical hand includes axially be symmetrical set two groups of gas pawls of drive mechanism and relative bent axle to be transported, and this drive mechanism can drive two groups of gas pawls relatively or run counter to motion, and then realizes crawl or the release of bent axle to be operated.
Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed arrangement is identical with drawing mechanism structure, all include work platforms, material conveying trolley and driving motor, described driving motor drives material conveying trolley to carry out haul operation on work platforms by rack-and-pinion, the bottom of material conveying trolley is provided with for limiting its directive wheel of movement locus on work platforms, the top of material conveying trolley is provided with four groups of workpiece holders being respectively used to support four bent axles to be transported, four groups of workpiece holders are being divided into front two rows in the direction of motion of material conveying trolley, often two groups of workpiece holders in row are symmetrical set.
Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transportation trolley is arranged with two groups before and after in its direction of motion in parallel and drives oil cylinder, often group drives the piston-rod end of oil cylinder to be respectively and fixedly provided with one piece of installing plate, and the lower section of installing plate is symmetrically set with two mechanical hands.
4. according to the bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: the described V-shaped structure of gas pawl, and the V-type opening direction of the two groups of gas pawls being symmetrical set is corresponding.
Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described grinding mechanism includes the lathe bed being horizontally fixed in frame and the workbench being arranged on lathe bed, workpiece feed arrangement and overlap grinding wheel component more, described workbench is by the line slideway I being arranged on lathe bed, can linearly guide rail I moves back and forth under the drive of workpiece feed arrangement slide unit and multiple workpiece numerical-controlled turntables composition of being arranged on slide unit, the top of each workpiece numerical-controlled turntable is provided with one group for the workpiece holder supporting a bent axle to be ground, and corresponding to the workpiece clamping device being arranged above for compressing bent axle to be ground of each workpiece numerical-controlled turntable, on described workpiece holder, the direction that axially linearly guide rail I moves back and forth with slide unit of supported bent axle is consistent;
Described many sets grinding wheel component is symmetrical set in the both sides of line slideway I, and the tricks of grinding wheel component is identical with the number of workpiece numerical-controlled turntable, often set grinding wheel component includes that abrasive grinding wheel and the emery wheel that can cooperate adjust frame and grinding wheel feeding device, for being processed a bent axle to be ground corresponding thereto;
Described emery wheel adjusts frame and from the line slideway II being arranged on lathe bed and can linearly guide rail II moves back and forth under the drive of the grinding wheel feeding device coordinated with it operating platform form, the radial direction that the direction of motion is bent axle to be ground of described operating platform, the line slideway III axially paralleled with bent axle to be ground and can column that linearly guide rail III moves back and forth it is provided with on the upper surface of operating platform, this column is being provided with about one vertically disposed line slideway IV towards the side of workbench, line slideway IV is provided with a mounting blocks that can move up and down along its length, described abrasive grinding wheel is arranged on this mounting blocks, for the fash of bent axle to be ground is carried out grinding.
Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine the most according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: on described slide unit, the number of workpiece numerical-controlled turntable is 4, and 4 workpiece numerical-controlled turntables are divided into before and after two groups on the length direction of linearly guide rail I, often two workpiece numerical-controlled turntables in group are symmetrical set.
Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described workpiece feed arrangement is identical with grinding wheel feeding device structure, all includes servomotor and ball-screw.
Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described workpiece clamping device includes turning round clamping cylinder and compressor arm, and the end of this compressor arm is additionally provided with hydraulic bjuffer.
9. according to the bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine described in any claim in claim 2,5,6,7 and 8, it is characterized in that: described often group workpiece holder includes the V-block at two gear axle journals being respectively supported at bent axle and oil sealing axle journal, this V-block opening up, and the inner lower edge of V-structure is flatbed.
CN201521022044.0U 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle CN205614431U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521022044.0U CN205614431U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521022044.0U CN205614431U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN205614431U true CN205614431U (en) 2016-10-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201521022044.0U CN205614431U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Automatic descaling machine of polishing of bent axle

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105364650A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-03-02 中国汽车工业工程有限公司 Automatic crank shaft grinding and cleaning machine
CN106737143A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Auto parts automatically processing device
CN106737144A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Car transmissions part automation processing facility
CN106737142A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automated machine tool
CN106737007A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Auto parts automatic processing apparatus
CN106863117A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer lathe
CN106863118A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer window grinding machine
CN106863113A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Car transmissions part automatic processing machine device
CN106863115A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automatically processing device
CN106863065A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automates grinding machine
CN106863114A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automation processing facility

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105364650A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-03-02 中国汽车工业工程有限公司 Automatic crank shaft grinding and cleaning machine
CN105364650B (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-07-21 中国汽车工业工程有限公司 Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine
CN106737143A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Auto parts automatically processing device
CN106737144A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Car transmissions part automation processing facility
CN106737142A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automated machine tool
CN106737007A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Auto parts automatic processing apparatus
CN106863118A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer window grinding machine
CN106863113A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Car transmissions part automatic processing machine device
CN106863115A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automatically processing device
CN106863065A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automates grinding machine
CN106863114A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer automation processing facility
CN106863117A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-06-20 安徽力成机械装备有限公司 Cage retainer lathe

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