CN205606685U - Indoor new trend and oil extraction cigarette system - Google Patents

Indoor new trend and oil extraction cigarette system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205606685U
CN205606685U CN201620318716.0U CN201620318716U CN205606685U CN 205606685 U CN205606685 U CN 205606685U CN 201620318716 U CN201620318716 U CN 201620318716U CN 205606685 U CN205606685 U CN 205606685U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
heat
heat exchanger
exhaust
outdoor
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CN201620318716.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
荣国华
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荣国华
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Priority to CN201620263393 priority
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Publication of CN205606685U publication Critical patent/CN205606685U/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0059Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by heat exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24COTHER DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/20Removing cooking fumes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0035Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by introduction of outside air to the room
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0041Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by exhaustion of inside air from the room
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures
    • F24F7/04Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation
    • F24F7/06Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit
    • F24F7/08Ventilation, e.g. by means of wall-ducts or systems using window or roof apertures with ducting systems also by double walls; with natural circulation with forced air circulation, e.g. by fan positioning of a ventilator in or against a conduit with separate ducts for supplied and exhausted air with provisions for reversal of the input and output systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B39/00Evaporators; Condensers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/56Heat recovery units

Abstract

The utility model discloses an air purifier, forced draught blower, exhaust fan, smoke ventilator, heat exchanger, air conditioner, blast pipe, exhaust pipe, it can eliminate PM2.5, send clear new trend to indoor, also can utilize the heat exchanger to retrieve the heat energy of indoor exhaust gas and kitchen high temperature oil smoke, purifies oil smoke waste gas, realizes energy saving and emission reduction, has the elimination haze, send new trend, heat recovery, waste gas exhaust, oil extraction cigarette, air -purifying, heating air conditioner multiple functions.

Description

Indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system

Technical field

This utility model belongs to air conditioner field, is particularly used for sending new wind, discharge indoor exhaust air and the ventilation and air conditioning system of kitchen fume to indoor.

Background technology

The consuming excessively of the energy causes the increasing the weight of of haze, the deterioration of environment, is proposed the central ventilation system that can eliminate haze for this businessman, and it is with air cleaner, outdoor fresh air purifying is processed, removes PM2.5, be then fed into indoor, it is also with heat exchanger, outdoor new wind and indoor exhaust wind heat exchange, reclaim indoor used heat, the most in the winter time, indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is bigger, containing substantial amounts of heat energy in indoor exhaust wind, reclaiming heat energy by heat exchanger, energy-saving effect is notable.

The indoor exhaust wind that above-mentioned heat exchanger reclaims is the waste gas that people breathe, but in life, indoor exhaust air also has toilet foul smell etc..In food cooking manufacturing process, kitchen to consume substantial amounts of fuel, produces substantial amounts of high-temperature oil smoke waste gas, and oil smoke is discharged to outdoor by smoke exhaust ventilator, heat energy therein discharges the most therewith, do not recycle, when cooking the most in the winter time, along with oil smoke externally discharges, substantial amounts of outdoor cold air is as mending wind indoor to be poured in, room temperature drastically declines, and existing VMC (Ventilation Mechanical Control System) can not reclaim the heat energy of oil smoke, therefore wastes mass energy.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of heat energy that can reclaim indoor various waste gas, can reclaim again indoor fresh air and the oil smoke emission system of kitchen fume heat energy.

Solution of the present utility model is: indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system include air purifier, pressure fan, exhaust blower, smoke exhaust ventilator, heat exchanger, air-conditioner, ajutage, exhaust duct.Exhaust blower, smoke exhaust ventilator, heat exchanger are contained on exhaust duct, and the exhaust outlet of smoke exhaust ventilator connects the air draft entrance of heat exchanger, and the wind exhausting outlet of heat exchanger runs in fan inlet, and exhaust blower outlet connects outdoor;Air purifier, pressure fan, heat exchanger, air-conditioner is contained on ajutage, the air inlet of air purifier is connected with outdoor fresh wind port, air outlet picks fan inlet, pressure fan outlet connects the new wind entrance of heat exchanger, the new wind outlet of heat exchanger connects the air inlet of air-conditioner, the air outlet of air-conditioner connects indoor air supply duct, equipped with air returning valve on air supply duct, or, the air inlet of air purifier is connected with outdoor fresh wind port, air outlet connects the new wind entrance of heat exchanger, the new wind outlet of heat exchanger connects the air inlet of air-conditioner, the air outlet of air-conditioner picks fan inlet, pressure fan outlet connects indoor air supply duct.

Air purifier has filtration dust catcher, electrostatic precipitator etc., or a combination of both, can eliminate PM2.5, and filtration dust catcher uses the filtering material such as drainage screen, non-woven fabrics, and electrostatic precipitator has filter-type, absorbent-type, ion-type etc..

Pressure fan, exhaust blower employing two grades, third gear, many grades or stepless speed regulating blower fan, to adapt to cook mist extractor and the demand of operation of air conditioner air quantity, the air quantity of pressure fan should mate with the air quantity of exhaust blower, the air quantity of pressure fan is preferably greater than the air quantity of exhaust blower, can keep indoor positive pressure, and air quantity when can meet maximum air conditioning load.

Smoke exhaust ventilator has top suction type, side-suction type, lower-discharging type etc., its most individual collection hood, without exhaust blower, band cooking fume remover, has filtering type grease trap, electrostatic grease trap etc., or a combination of both, enters back into heat exchanger, is discharged to outdoor after fume purifying.

nullHeat exchanger is air-air or air-liquid-air or air-working medium-air heat exchanger,Air-to-air heat exchanger has shell-tube type、Board-like、Plate-fin heat exchanger etc.,Air-liquid-air heat exchanger has ethylene glycol heat exchanger etc.,Air-working medium-air heat exchanger has heat exchange of heat pipe、Heat pump heat exchanger etc.,Divide by version,Monoblock type can be divided into、Split type heat exchanger,Fresh air channel and air exhaust passage is had in heat exchanger,Outdoor new wind passes through fresh air channel,Indoor exhaust air、Oil smoke passes through air exhaust passage,Two passages are by heat exchanging body、The airtight partition of housing,And by heat exchanging body heat exchange,Outdoor new wind partition airtight with indoor exhaust air or oil flue waste gas does not contacts,Do not produce cross-contamination,The fresh air channel of Integral heat-exchange device and air exhaust passage are in a housing,Fresh air channel and the air exhaust passage of split type heat exchanger are provided separately,And connected by circulating line and conduct heat,The housing of heat exchanger and internal heat exchanging body preferably use impervious materials such as rustless steel to make,This belongs to sensible heat exchanger,When heat exchanging body uses permeable,But it is airtight、Oil-tight、During the material of the high temperature of resistance to oil smoke,This belongs to air-to-air total heat exchanger.Air exhaust passage is with drain tap, the You Heshui condensed in discharge indoor exhaust air and oil flue waste gas, and certainly, through the oil removing purification of the cooking fume remover that smoke exhaust ventilator carries, the oil flue waste gas entering heat exchanger cleans the most very much.

Air-conditioner uses heat pump or provides the surface cooler of hot and cold water, for heating in winter, cooling in summer, its load can meet the demand of indoor heating or summer air-conditioning, when utilizing evaporator with heat pump to reclaim the heat energy in indoor exhaust air and oil flue waste gas, evaporator with heat pump is arranged in parallel or in series in heat pump, operation of air conditioner is carried out in heat pump with reclaiming heat energy simultaneously, and therefore air-conditioner and heat exchanger are closed in a system by heat pump, have had both functions concurrently.

When cooking winter, opening pressure fan and exhaust blower, high-temperature oil smoke is the new wind heat exchange with outside low temperature chamber in heat exchanger, oil smoke cooling row is to outdoor, and new wind is heated, and sends into each room, while high-temperature oil smoke is lowered the temperature in heat exchanger, oil smoke therein also condenses, and has purified air;When not cooking winter, indoor exhaust air is through smoke exhaust ventilator, and the new wind heat exchange with outside low temperature chamber in heat exchanger, indoor exhaust air cooling row is to outdoor, and new wind is heated, then the post bake through air-conditioner, sends into each room.No matter whether cooking, when thermic load of blowing is inadequate, air-conditioner can be started, air-supply is heated, meeting winter heating demand.

When not cooking summer, indoor low temperature waste gas is through smoke exhaust ventilator, and the new wind heat exchange with outside hot room in heat exchanger, indoor exhaust air heats up and arranges to outdoor, and new wind is cooled, and sends into each room after air-conditioner is lowered the temperature again;When cooking summer, there is not heat exchange in outdoor new wind and high-temperature oil smoke, high-temperature oil smoke or by bypass bank of tubes to outdoor, outdoor new wind or by bypass pipe, after air-conditioner is lowered the temperature again, send into each room.No matter whether cooking, when refrigeration duty of blowing is inadequate, air-conditioner can be started, air-supply is cooled down, meeting summer air-conditioning demand.

At transition season, whether new wind there is heat exchange with high-temperature oil smoke or indoor exhaust air, depends on the height of outdoor temperature, is not usually required to heat exchange, new for outdoor wind is sent directly into indoor.

The control mode of operation of native system has four kinds: Non-follow control, and guidance panel can be placed on smoke exhaust ventilator, uses button or soft-touch control;IR remote controller controls;Mobile phone A PP controls;Unattended intelligent controls, and system is equipped with parameters such as multiple probe and sensor, automatic detecting chamber internal and external temperature, haze index, carbon dioxide, oil smoke concentrations, setting value according to people, processor automatically compares and calculates, and sends instruction, automated system operation to executor.

Therefore, this utility model has elimination haze, send new wind, recuperation of heat, waste air, mist extractor, purification air, heating air conditioning several functions.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is monoblock type indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system structural map

Fig. 2 is split type indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system structural map 1

Fig. 3 is split type indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system structural map 2

Fig. 4 is evaporator series formula indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system structural map

Fig. 5 is evaporator parallel type indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system structural map

Fig. 6 is the indoor fresh air without outdoor heat exchanger and oil smoke emission system structural map

Fig. 7 is indoor fresh air and the oil smoke emission system structural map 1 of heat pump band Intermediate Heat Exchanger

Fig. 8 is indoor fresh air and the oil smoke emission system structural map 2 of heat pump band Intermediate Heat Exchanger

Fig. 9 is indoor fresh air and the oil smoke emission system structural map 3 of heat pump band Intermediate Heat Exchanger

Description of reference numerals:

null1、2、9、10、11、12、15、16、17、33、34、44、45、Air-valve,3、Air purifier,4、Pressure fan,5、Exhaust blower,6、Ajutage,7、Exhaust duct,8、Heat exchanger,13、14、Bypass pipe,18、Smoke exhaust ventilator,19、Air-conditioner,20、Circulating pump,21、Drain tap,22、Air exhaust heat exchange device,23、Fresh air heat exchanger,24、25、Heat exchange coil,26、Expansion apparatus,27、38、Condenser,28、37、Vaporizer,29、Liquid down-comer,30、Vapor uptake,31、Valve,32、Kitchen range top warm-air pipe,35、Expansion throttling device,36、Outdoor heat exchanger,39、Four-way change-over valve,40、Water heater,41、Compressor,42、43、Electric control valve,46、Intermediate Heat Exchanger

It is embodied as way

Fig. 1 heat exchanger 8 is Integral heat-exchange device, it uses shell-tube type, board-like, plate-fin, integrated heat tube heat exchanger etc., the air inlet of air purifier 3 connects outdoor, air outlet picks blower fan 4 import, pressure fan 4 outlet connects the new wind entrance of heat exchanger 8, the new wind outlet of heat exchanger 8 connects the air inlet of air-conditioner 19, and the air outlet of air-conditioner 19 connects indoor air supply duct;The exhaust outlet of smoke exhaust ventilator 18 connects the air draft entrance of heat exchanger 8, the wind exhausting outlet of heat exchanger 8 runs in blower fan 7 import, exhaust blower 7 outlet connects outdoor, equipped with bypass pipe 13, air-valve 11,12 on ajutage 6, on exhaust duct 7 equipped with bypass pipe 14, air-valve 9,10, short circuit air-valve 15, toilet exhaust valve 16, oil smoke air-valve 17, air-conditioner 19 freezes water, the surface cooler of Winter heat supply water or employing heat pump air conditioner for summer cooling.The operating condition of this system is as follows:

When cooking winter, producing a large amount of oil smoke needs discharge, and new wind mended by the most indoor needs, opens pressure fan 4 and exhaust blower 5, opens air-valve 1,9,12,17, closes air-valve 2,10,11,15,16.The flow process of new wind is: outdoor new wind → air-valve 1 → air purifier, 3 → pressure fan, 4 → heat exchanger, 8 → air-valve, 12 → air-conditioner 19 → indoor each room;The flow process of air draft is: indoor oil smoke → smoke exhaust ventilator 18 → air-valve, 17 → heat exchanger, 8 → air-valve, 9 → exhaust blower 5 → outdoor.Under the suction of exhaust blower 5, high-temperature oil smoke, through the filtration, purification of smoke exhaust ventilator 18, enters the new wind heat exchange with outside low temperature chamber in heat exchanger 8, and the cooling of remaining high-temperature oil smoke, condensation, by exhaust blower 5 row to outdoor after purification;Outdoor new wind, first by air purifier 3 filtration, purification, is sent in heat exchanger 8 by pressure fan 4, with high-temperature oil smoke heat exchange, sends into each room after being heated.Owing to smoke exhaust ventilator 18 is without blower fan, only with cooking fume remover and control guidance panel, it is actually a collection hood.When there being toilet foul smell, open air-valve 16, foul smell and oil smoke and drained by exhaust duct 7 simultaneously, the new wind toilet to be filled into of a part, it is used for eliminating foul smell.When the heat energy that new wind reclaims from oil smoke can not meet room heating thermic load, return air air-valve 2 to be opened, strengthens the air output of air-conditioner 19, improves thermic load;Or improve the heating-up temperature of air-conditioner 19, improve wind pushing temperature accordingly, thus improve thermic load.Air-valve preferably uses motorized adjustment air-valve, can be with automatic shutter and regulation air quantity.

When not cooking winter, indoor need ventilation, open pressure fan 4, exhaust blower 5 and air-conditioner 19, open air-valve 1,9,12,17, close air-valve 2,10,11,15,16.The flow process of new wind is: outdoor new wind → air-valve 1 → air purifier, 3 → pressure fan, 4 → heat exchanger, 8 → air-valve, 12 → air-conditioner 19 → indoor each room;The flow process of air draft is: indoor exhaust air → smoke exhaust ventilator 18 → air-valve, 17 → heat exchanger, 8 → air-valve, 9 → exhaust blower 5 → outdoor.Indoor exhaust air is through smoke exhaust ventilator 18, and the new wind heat exchange with outside low temperature chamber in heat exchanger 8, indoor exhaust air cooling row is to outdoor, and new wind is heated, then the post bake through air-conditioner 19, sends into each room.When exhaust duct is passed by long, short circuit air-valve 15 can be opened, reduce exhaust resistance.When there being toilet foul smell, opening air-valve 16, close air-valve 17, indoor exhaust air fills in toilet, is discharged to outdoor by exhaust duct 7, heat exchanger 8, exhaust blower 5 after mixing with toilet foul smell.When the heat energy that new wind reclaims from indoor exhaust air can not meet room heating thermic load, return air air-valve 2 to be opened, strengthens the air output of air-conditioner 19, improves thermic load;Or improve the heating-up temperature of air-conditioner 19, improve wind pushing temperature accordingly, thus improve thermic load.

When winter do not cook, indoor need not ventilation time, only do return air circulation, maintain indoor heating temperature, open pressure fan 4, air-conditioner 19, open air-valve 2,11, close air-valve 1,12.The flow process of return air is: indoor return air → air-valve 2 → air purifier, 3 → pressure fan, 4 → air-valve, 11 → air-conditioner 19 → indoor each room.Indoor return air is heated by air-conditioner 19.

When cooking summer, producing a large amount of oil smoke needs discharge, and new wind mended by the most indoor needs, open new blower fan 4, exhaust blower 5 and air-conditioner 19, close air-valve 2,9,12,15,16, open air-valve 1,10,11,17, heat exchanger 8 does not works, because need not summer reclaim heat energy.The flow process of new wind is: outdoor new wind → air-valve 1 → air purifier, 3 → pressure fan, 4 → air-valve, 11 → air-conditioner 19 → indoor each room;The flow process of air draft is: indoor oil smoke → smoke exhaust ventilator 18 → air-valve, 17 → air-valve, 10 → exhaust blower 5 → outdoor.Under the suction of exhaust blower 5, high-temperature oil smoke is through the filtration, purification of smoke exhaust ventilator 18, through bypass pipe 14, by exhaust blower 5 row to outdoor;Outdoor new wind, first by air purifier 3 filtration, purification, by pressure fan 4, bypass pipe 13, then delivers to each room after air-conditioner 19 wind new to outdoor cool-down dehumidification processes.Outdoor new wind and oil smoke do not enter back into heat exchanger 8, reduce SR, bypass pipe 13,14 can also alternative, such system is simple.When there being toilet foul smell, open air-valve 16, foul smell and oil smoke and drained by exhaust duct 7 simultaneously, the new wind toilet to be filled into of a part, it is used for eliminating foul smell.When the refrigeration duty of new wind is from the air conditioning requirements that can not meet room, return air air-valve 2 to be opened, strengthens the air output of air-conditioner 19, improves refrigeration duty;Or reduce the cryogenic temperature of air-conditioner 19, correspondingly reduce wind pushing temperature, thus improve refrigeration duty.

When not cooking summer, indoor need ventilation, open new blower fan 4, exhaust blower 5 and air-conditioner 19, open air-valve 1,9,12,17, close air-valve 2,10,11,15,16.The flow process of new wind is: outdoor new wind → air-valve 1 → air purifier, 3 → pressure fan, 4 → heat exchanger, 8 → air-valve, 12 → air-conditioner 19 → indoor each room;The flow process of air draft is: indoor exhaust air → smoke exhaust ventilator 18 → air-valve, 17 → heat exchanger, 8 → air-valve, 9 → exhaust blower 5 → outdoor.Indoor low temperature waste gas is through smoke exhaust ventilator 18, and the new wind heat exchange with outside hot room in heat exchanger 8, indoor exhaust air heats up and arranges to outdoor, and new wind is cooled, then sends into each room after air-conditioner 19 cool-down dehumidification processes.When exhaust duct is passed by long, short circuit air-valve 15 can be opened, reduce exhaust resistance.When there being toilet foul smell, opening air-valve 16, close air-valve 17, indoor exhaust air fills in toilet, is discharged to outdoor by exhaust duct 7, heat exchanger 8, exhaust blower 5 after mixing with toilet foul smell.When the refrigeration duty of new wind is from the air conditioning requirements that can not meet room, return air air-valve 2 to be opened, strengthens the air output of air-conditioner 19, improves refrigeration duty;Or reduce the cryogenic temperature of air-conditioner 19, correspondingly reduce wind pushing temperature, thus improve refrigeration duty.

When summer do not cook, indoor need not ventilation time, only do return air circulation, maintain room conditioning temperature, open pressure fan 4, air-conditioner 19, open air-valve 2,11, close air-valve 1,12.The flow process of return air is: indoor return air → air-valve 2 → air purifier, 3 → pressure fan, 4 → air-valve, 11 → air-conditioner 19 → indoor each room.Each room sent into by air-conditioner 19 after indoor return air is carried out cool-down dehumidification process.

At transition season, whether new wind there is heat exchange with high-temperature oil smoke or indoor exhaust air, depends on the height of outdoor temperature, is not usually required to heat exchange, new for outdoor wind is sent directly into indoor.The flow process of new wind is: outdoor new wind → air-valve 1 → air purifier, 3 → pressure fan, 4 → air-valve, 11 → air-conditioner 19 → indoor each room;The flow process of air draft is: indoor exhaust air or high-temperature oil smoke → smoke exhaust ventilator 18 → air-valve, 17 → air-valve, 10 → exhaust blower 5 → outdoor.

In Fig. 2, heat exchanger changes split type heat exchanger into, air exhaust passage changes air exhaust heat exchange device 22 into, fresh air channel changes fresh air heat exchanger 23 into, air exhaust heat exchange device 22 is provided separately with fresh air heat exchanger 23, air exhaust heat exchange device 22 is contained on exhaust duct 7, the inside is equipped with heat exchange coil 24, fresh air heat exchanger 23 is contained on ajutage 6, the inside is equipped with heat exchange coil 25, heat exchange coil 24, 25 is thermal conductor, circulating pump 20, heat exchange coil 24, 25, liquid heat transfer medium constitutes a circulation line, the inside is filled with antifreezing liquid heat transferring medium, such as: ethylene glycol solution, this heat exchanger is referred to as separate type circulating pump heat exchanger, equipped with expansion apparatus 26 on circulation line, for expanding with heat and contract with cold of system liquid heat transferring medium.Outdoor new wind in fresh air heat exchanger 23 with heat exchange coil 25 heat exchange, indoor exhaust air or high-temperature oil smoke in air exhaust heat exchange device 22 with heat exchange coil 24 heat exchange, under the effect of circulating pump 20, heat transmits between two heat exchangers, utilize the new wind of energy heats of indoor exhaust air or high-temperature oil smoke winter, utilize summer low temperature indoor exhaust air to cool down new wind, thus realize the recycling of heat energy.Equipped with drain tap 21 on the air exhaust passage of air exhaust heat exchange device 22 and heat exchanger 8, emit from this mouth after high-temperature oil smoke, steam coagulation.Owing to using split type heat exchanger, ajutage 6 can space out with exhaust duct 7, flexible arrangement, is easily installed, but split type heat exchanger belongs to secondary indirect heat exchange, and efficiency is lower than monoblock type direct heat exchanger.For reducing flowing resistance, this system can also band bypass pipe 13,14 and bypass air-valve 10,11.

In Fig. 3, heat exchanger is another split type heat exchanger, it have employed separate heat pipe, its condenser 27 is contained in fresh air heat exchanger 23, its vaporizer 28 is contained in air exhaust heat exchange device 22, low-boiling point liquid working medium absorbs indoor exhaust air or the heat energy of high-temperature oil smoke in vaporizer 28, become high-temperature gas, rise along vapor uptake 30, enter in condenser 27, with outdoor cold air generation heat exchange, air is heated, send into indoor, the cooling of high-temperature steam working medium condenses into liquid, it is back in vaporizer 28 by liquid down-comer 29, complete a heat transfer cycle process.When need not heat exchange, valve 31 can be closed or from bypass duct ventilation.This circulation is motorless gravity circulation, and condenser 27 should be higher than that vaporizer 28.The port of export at fresh air heat exchanger 22 is connected to kitchen range top warm-air pipe 32, the fresh air supply kitchen range top fuel combustion after heating, improves efficiency of combustion, and same kitchen range top warm-air pipe 32 can also be contained in the system of Fig. 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,9.Setting a return air air-valve 34 in air-conditioner 19 air inlet, it can reduce back wind resistance, but air-conditioner 19 must band pressure fan.

In Fig. 4, heat exchanger is heat pump heat exchanger, a heat pump is constituted by parts such as compressor 41, four-way change-over valve 39, expansion throttling device 35, outdoor heat exchanger 36, vaporizer 37, condenser 38, water heaters 40, it has the heat exchange function of heat exchanger 8, there is again the refrigeration of air-conditioner 19, heat-production functions, it is also possible to provide domestic hot-water.Expansion throttling device 35 uses capillary tube, electric expansion valve etc.;Outdoor heat exchanger 36, vaporizer 37, condenser 38 uses direct-expansion type coil pipe, outdoor heat exchanger 36 is placed on outdoor, with outdoor air heat exchange, vaporizer 37 is contained in air exhaust heat exchange device 22, exchange with indoor exhaust air or high-temperature oil smoke waste gas heat, condenser 38 is contained in fresh air heat exchanger 23, wind new with outdoor, indoor return air heat exchange, outdoor heat exchanger 36, both vaporizers 37 are connected in heat pump, both can exchange the position in pipeline, water heater 40 uses serpentine pipe, package, board-like heat exchanger such as grade, it is contained in the exhaust ports of compressor 41, high temperature refrigerant is utilized to add hot tap-water, in the winter time, high temperature refrigerant is preferentially to add hot tap-water, or new wind outside preferential heating chamber, determined by user oneself.

When heat pump heats circulation, high temperature liquid refrigerant condenses heat release in condenser 38, outdoor cold air is heated in fresh air heat exchanger 23, indoor return air, low temperature liquid cold-producing medium is evaporation endothermic in vaporizer 37, indoor exhaust air or the heat energy of high-temperature oil smoke waste gas is absorbed in air exhaust heat exchange device 22, but, when the heat energy of indoor exhaust air or high-temperature oil smoke waste gas can not meet the demand of room conditioning thermic load, low temperature liquid cold-producing medium also needs to evaporation endothermic in outdoor heat exchanger 36, then double evaporation-cooling heat absorption in vaporizer 37 is entered back into, the cyclic process of cold-producing medium is such that compressor 41 → water heater, 40 → four-way change-over valve, 39 → condenser, 38 → expansion throttling device 35 → outdoor heat exchanger, 36 → vaporizer, 37 → four-way change-over valve, 39 → compressor 41.

When heat pump kind of refrigeration cycle, four-way change-over valve 39 commutates, condenser 38 is converted into vaporizer, vaporizer 37, outdoor heat exchanger 36 is converted into condenser, high temperature liquid refrigerant condenses heat release in vaporizer 37, air exhaust heat exchange device 22 dispels the heat in indoor exhaust air, low temperature liquid cold-producing medium is evaporation endothermic in condenser 38, wind new to outdoor in fresh air heat exchanger 23, indoor return air cools, but, when indoor exhaust air all can not take away condensation heat, remaining condensation heat also needs to discharge in outdoor heat exchanger 36, the cyclic process of cold-producing medium is such that compressor 41 → water heater, 40 → four-way change-over valve, 39 → vaporizer, 37 → outdoor heat exchanger, 36 → expansion throttling device 35 → condenser, 38 → four-way change-over valve, 39 → compressor 41.

The most above-mentioned heat pump has the heat exchange function of heat exchanger 8, has again the refrigeration of air-conditioner 19, heat-production functions, it is also possible to provide domestic hot-water, heat exchanger and air-conditioner is combined into a system, can meet various operating mode operation demand.This system can be made split type, and outdoor heat exchanger 36, compressor 41 are placed on outdoor, and air exhaust heat exchange device 22, fresh air heat exchanger 23, water heater 40 are placed on indoor;Can also make all-in-one-piece, heat pump is integrated into one, during as integral formula, outdoor heat exchanger 36 heat dissipation channel to be had.Unlike Fig. 1,2,3, pressure fan 4 is contained in the rear end of system, and the air inlet of air purifier 3 air-valve new with outdoor 1 is connected, and air outlet connects the new wind entrance of fresh air heat exchanger 23, blower fan 4 import is picked in the new wind outlet of fresh air heat exchanger 23, and pressure fan 4 outlet connects indoor air supply duct.

In Fig. 5, outdoor heat exchanger 36 and vaporizer 37 are connected in parallel in heat pump, both are simultaneously as vaporizer, or convert for condenser simultaneously, adjusting refrigerant flow rate is distributed by electric control valve 42,43, electric control valve 42,43 can also change electric expansion valve into, it is also possible to replaces expansion throttling device 35.

In Fig. 6, heat pump is without outdoor heat exchanger 36, and the heat absorption of system or heat extraction complete by vaporizer 37 completely, when the cooling and heating load of indoor exhaust air or oil flue waste gas can not meet system heat absorption or heat extraction demand, filling into outdoor new wind, system obtains cooling and heating load from new wind.In figure, in the air inlet of air exhaust heat exchange device 22 equipped with short circuit new wind air-valve 45, this air-valve is outdoor through connecting with the shortest road, or equipped with new wind communicating pipe and air-valve 44 between ajutage 6 and exhaust duct 7, introduce new wind from air-valve 1, so can introduce new wind from two-way to vaporizer 37, under any operating mode is run, when the cooling and heating load of indoor exhaust air or oil flue waste gas can not meet system heat absorption or heat extraction demand, air-valve 44,45 can be opened, in air exhaust heat exchange device 22, fill into outdoor new wind.

Fig. 7 is on the basis of Fig. 4, an Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46 is added between air exhaust heat exchange device 22 and heat pump, it is liquid-refrigerant heat exchanger, heat exchange between liquid heat transfer medium and cold-producing medium, use helix tube type, shell-tube type, board-like heat exchanger such as grade, circulating pump 20, heat exchange coil 24, Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46, liquid heat transfer medium constitutes a circulation line, the inside is filled with antifreezing liquid heat transferring medium, such as: ethylene glycol solution, heat exchange coil 24 and indoor used heat, oil smoke used heat heat exchange, circulation by circulating pump 20, pass to Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46, vaporizer 37 is contained in Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46.When heat pump heats circulation, indoor exhaust air, the heat energy of oil flue waste gas pass in Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46 by heat exchange coil 24, circulating pump 20, by the cold-producing medium evaporation endothermic in vaporizer 37, simultaneously, cold-producing medium is evaporation endothermic in outdoor heat exchanger 36, heat energy in absorption chamber outer air, cold-producing medium condenses heat release in condenser 38, new wind, indoor return air outside heating chamber;When heat pump kind of refrigeration cycle, vaporizer 37, outdoor heat exchanger 36 are converted into condenser, cold-producing medium condenses heat release wherein, a part of condensation heat is discharged to outdoor by outdoor heat exchanger 36, a part of condensation heat is discharged in Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46 by vaporizer 37, then is converted into vaporizer by circulating pump 20, heat exchange coil 24 row to indoor exhaust air, condenser 38, cold-producing medium evaporation endothermic wherein, wind new to outdoor, indoor return air cool-down dehumidification.In Fig. 7, Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46 and vaporizer 37 are connected in heat pump with outdoor heat exchanger 36, and it can also such as Fig. 5 parallel connection in systems.

Fig. 8 Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46 and vaporizer 37 are connected in parallel in heat pump with outdoor heat exchanger 36.

In Fig. 9, when heat pump is without outdoor heat exchanger 36, between air exhaust heat exchange device 22 and heat pump, adds an Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46, realize the heat exchange between air exhaust heat exchange device 22 and heat pump by Intermediate Heat Exchanger 46.

In sum, Integral heat-exchange device, simple in construction are used, heat exchange efficiency is high, but inconvenience arranged by airduct, uses split type heat exchanger, system complex, but pipe arrangement is flexible, and exhaust duct 5 preferably uses resistant to elevated temperatures metal tube, above-mentioned air-valve uses electrodynamic valve, it is prone to automatically control, uses heat pump, heat exchanger and air-conditioner are combined in a heat pump, have both functions concurrently, the most practical.

The above, be only preferable implementing method of the present utility model, and this utility model not does any pro forma restriction.Any simple modification, equivalent variations and the modification done above implementing method according to technical spirit of the present utility model, belongs to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. indoor fresh air and oil smoke emission system include air purifier, pressure fan, exhaust blower, smoke exhaust ventilator, heat exchanger, air-conditioner, ajutage, exhaust duct, it is characterized in that, exhaust blower, smoke exhaust ventilator, heat exchanger are contained on exhaust duct, the exhaust outlet of smoke exhaust ventilator connects the air draft entrance of heat exchanger, the wind exhausting outlet of heat exchanger runs in fan inlet, exhaust blower outlet connects outdoor, equipped with toilet exhaust valve on exhaust duct;Air purifier, pressure fan, heat exchanger, air-conditioner is contained on ajutage, the air inlet of air purifier is connected with outdoor fresh wind port, air outlet picks fan inlet, pressure fan outlet connects the new wind entrance of heat exchanger, the new wind outlet of heat exchanger connects the air inlet of air-conditioner, the air outlet of air-conditioner connects indoor air supply duct, equipped with air returning valve on air supply duct, or, the air inlet of air purifier is connected with outdoor fresh wind port, air outlet connects the new wind entrance of heat exchanger, the new wind outlet of heat exchanger connects the air inlet of air-conditioner, the air outlet of air-conditioner picks fan inlet, pressure fan outlet connects indoor air supply duct;Air purifier uses filtration dust catcher or electrostatic precipitator or a combination of both;New blower fan, exhaust blower use adjustable speed fan;Smoke exhaust ventilator is a collection hood, and it is without exhaust blower, band cooking fume remover;Heat exchanger uses monoblock type or split type heat exchanger, it is air-air or air-liquid-air heat exchanger or air-working medium-air heat exchanger, fresh air channel and air exhaust passage is had in heat exchanger, outdoor new wind, indoor return air pass through fresh air channel, indoor exhaust air, oil flue waste gas, outdoor new wind pass through air exhaust passage, two airtight partitions of passage, outdoor new wind, indoor return air pass through thermal conductor heat exchange with indoor exhaust air or oil flue waste gas, and airtight partition does not contacts, not producing cross-contamination, air exhaust passage is with drain tap;Air-conditioner uses surface cooler or heat pump.
Indoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system, it is characterized in that, Integral heat-exchange device uses shell-tube type or board-like or plate-fin or integrated heat tube heat exchanger, fresh air channel and air exhaust passage are in a housing, and shell-tube type, board-like, plate-fin heat exchanger are air-to-air heat exchanger.
Indoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system, it is characterized in that, split type heat exchanger uses separate type circulating pump heat exchanger or separate type heat pipe exchanger or heat pump heat exchanger, fresh air channel is provided separately with air exhaust passage, form two heat exchangers separated of fresh air heat exchanger and air exhaust heat exchange device, separate type circulating pump heat exchanger is air-liquid-air heat exchanger, and heat exchange of heat pipe, heat pump heat exchanger are air-working medium-air heat exchanger.
nullIndoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system,It is characterized in that,When air-conditioner uses heat pump,Air-conditioner and heat exchanger are combined in heat pump,Heat pump includes compressor、Water heater、Four-way change-over valve、Expansion throttling device、Outdoor heat exchanger、Vaporizer、Condenser,Vaporizer is contained in air exhaust heat exchange device,With indoor exhaust air、Oil flue waste gas heat exchange,Condenser is contained in fresh air heat exchanger,Wind new with outdoor、Indoor return air heat exchange,Outdoor heat exchanger is contained in outdoor,With outdoor air heat exchange,Vaporizer and outdoor heat exchanger serial or parallel connection are in heat pump,When heat pump heats circulation,Cold-producing medium is at vaporizer、Evaporation endothermic in outdoor heat exchanger,Vaporizer absorbs indoor exhaust air in air exhaust heat exchange device、The heat energy of oil flue waste gas,Outdoor heat exchanger absorbs heat from outdoor air,Cold-producing medium condenses heat release within the condenser,New wind outside condenser heating chamber、Indoor return air;When heat pump kind of refrigeration cycle, vaporizer, outdoor heat exchanger are converted into condenser, cold-producing medium condenses heat release wherein, vaporizer is heat extraction in indoor exhaust air, outdoor heat exchanger is heat extraction in outdoor air, condenser is converted into vaporizer, cold-producing medium evaporation endothermic wherein, condenser wind new to outdoor, indoor return air cool-down dehumidification.
nullIndoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system,It is characterized in that,When air-conditioner uses heat pump,Air-conditioner and heat exchanger are combined in heat pump,Heat pump includes compressor、Water heater、Four-way change-over valve、Expansion throttling device、Outdoor heat exchanger、Vaporizer、Condenser,Condenser is contained in fresh air heat exchanger,Wind new with outdoor、Indoor return air heat exchange,Outdoor heat exchanger is contained in outdoor,With outdoor air heat exchange,Vaporizer is contained in Intermediate Heat Exchanger,With liquid heat transfer medium heat exchange,Heat exchange coil is contained in air exhaust heat exchange device,With indoor exhaust air、Oil flue waste gas heat exchange,Circulating pump、Intermediate Heat Exchanger、Heat exchange coil、Liquid heat transfer medium one circulation line of composition,Realize conveying and the transmission of heat energy,Vaporizer and outdoor heat exchanger serial or parallel connection are in heat pump,When heat pump heats circulation,Heat exchange coil absorbs indoor exhaust air in air exhaust heat exchange device、Heat energy in oil flue waste gas,By in circulating transfer to Intermediate Heat Exchanger,Evaporator refrigerant evaporation endothermic therein,Cold-producing medium evaporation endothermic in outdoor heat exchanger,Heat energy in absorption chamber outer air,Cold-producing medium condenses heat release within the condenser,New wind outside condenser heating chamber、Indoor return air;When heat pump kind of refrigeration cycle, vaporizer, outdoor heat exchanger are converted into condenser, cold-producing medium condenses heat release wherein, condensation heat is discharged into Intermediate Heat Exchanger by vaporizer, by circulating transfer to heat exchange coil, to indoor exhaust air heat extraction in air exhaust heat exchange device, outdoor heat exchanger is heat extraction in outdoor air, condenser is converted into vaporizer, cold-producing medium evaporation endothermic wherein, condenser wind new to outdoor, indoor return air cool-down dehumidification.
nullIndoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system,It is characterized in that,When air-conditioner uses heat pump,Air-conditioner and heat exchanger are combined in heat pump,Heat pump includes compressor、Water heater、Four-way change-over valve、Expansion throttling device、Vaporizer、Condenser,In the air inlet of air exhaust heat exchange device equipped with short circuit new wind air-valve,Or equipped with new wind communicating pipe and air-valve between ajutage and exhaust duct,New wind is filled into for air exhaust heat exchange device,Vaporizer is contained in air exhaust heat exchange device,With indoor exhaust air、Oil flue waste gas、Outdoor new wind heat exchange,Condenser is contained in fresh air heat exchanger,Wind new with outdoor、Indoor return air heat exchange,When heat pump heats circulation,Cold-producing medium is evaporation endothermic in vaporizer,Vaporizer absorbs indoor exhaust air in air exhaust heat exchange device、Oil flue waste gas、The heat energy of outdoor new wind,Cold-producing medium condenses heat release within the condenser,New wind outside condenser heating chamber、Indoor return air;When heat pump kind of refrigeration cycle, vaporizer is converted into condenser, and cold-producing medium condenses heat release wherein, vaporizer heat extraction in indoor exhaust air, outdoor new wind, condenser is converted into vaporizer, cold-producing medium evaporation endothermic wherein, condenser wind new to outdoor, indoor return air cool-down dehumidification.
nullIndoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system,It is characterized in that,When air-conditioner uses heat pump,Air-conditioner and heat exchanger are combined in heat pump,Heat pump includes compressor、Water heater、Four-way change-over valve、Expansion throttling device、Vaporizer、Condenser,Condenser is contained in fresh air heat exchanger,Wind new with outdoor、Indoor return air heat exchange,Vaporizer is contained in Intermediate Heat Exchanger,With liquid heat transfer medium heat exchange,In the air inlet of air exhaust heat exchange device equipped with short circuit new wind air-valve,Or equipped with new wind communicating pipe and air-valve between ajutage and exhaust duct,New wind is filled into for air exhaust heat exchange device,Heat exchange coil is contained in air exhaust heat exchange device,With indoor exhaust air、Oil flue waste gas、Outdoor new wind heat exchange,Circulating pump、Intermediate Heat Exchanger、Heat exchange coil、Liquid heat transfer medium one circulation line of composition,Realize conveying and the transmission of heat energy,When heat pump heats circulation,Heat exchange coil absorbs indoor exhaust air in air exhaust heat exchange device、Oil flue waste gas、Heat energy in outdoor new wind,By in circulating transfer to Intermediate Heat Exchanger,Evaporator refrigerant evaporation endothermic therein,Cold-producing medium condenses heat release within the condenser,New wind outside condenser heating chamber、Indoor return air;When heat pump kind of refrigeration cycle, vaporizer is converted into condenser, cold-producing medium condenses heat release wherein, condensation heat is discharged into Intermediate Heat Exchanger by vaporizer, by circulating transfer to heat exchange coil, to indoor exhaust air, outdoor new wind heat extraction in air exhaust heat exchange device, condenser is converted into vaporizer, cold-producing medium evaporation endothermic wherein, condenser wind new to outdoor, indoor return air cool-down dehumidification.
Indoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system, is characterized in that, it is with bypass pipe, makes new wind, indoor exhaust air or oil flue waste gas without heat exchanger.
Indoor fresh air the most according to claim 1 and oil smoke emission system, is characterized in that, with kitchen range top warm-air pipe on ajutage, provides hot blast for kitchen range top fuel combustion.
CN201620318716.0U 2016-03-31 2016-04-18 Indoor new trend and oil extraction cigarette system CN205606685U (en)

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