CN205593205U - Compressor cooling water and a heat energy coupled system towards white water that freezes - Google Patents

Compressor cooling water and a heat energy coupled system towards white water that freezes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205593205U
CN205593205U CN201620325869.8U CN201620325869U CN205593205U CN 205593205 U CN205593205 U CN 205593205U CN 201620325869 U CN201620325869 U CN 201620325869U CN 205593205 U CN205593205 U CN 205593205U
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Prior art keywords
water
defrosting
cooling water
heat energy
cooling
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CN201620325869.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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高健雄
周张帆
翁胜君
袁明洲
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CNFC ZHOUSHAN MARINE FISHERIES CORP
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CNFC ZHOUSHAN MARINE FISHERIES CORP
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a compressor cooling water and a heat energy coupled system towards white water that freezes for the problem of solve that cooling water temperature risees among the refrigerating system, reducing towards white temperature degree, its characterized in that: cooling water circulation device and towards being equipped with the heat energy coupling device between the white water circle device, the heat energy coupling device is used for refrigeration cycle water and the heat exchange towards white circulating water. The utility model discloses a compressor cooling water and freeze between towards white water, carry out the heat exchange through the heat energy coupling device, both reduced compressor cooling water temperature, improve condensation efficiency, improved compressor's energy efficiency ratio, improve evaporimeter towards white temperature degree again, the refrigerating effect of evaporimeter has been guaranteed to reinforcing towards white effect.

Description

Refrigeration compressor cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes
Technical field
This utility model relates to Refrigeration Technique & Equipment, is specifically related to a kind of refrigeration compressor cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes.
Background technology
In refrigeration system, compressor, condenser, choke valve, vaporizer are four most basic parts, are sequentially connected with pipeline between them, form a closing, the system of circulation.As a example by ammonia machine, cold-producing medium ammonia circulates in systems, change heat by state to exchange, its work process is: liquid ammonia absorbs the heat of cooled object in vaporizer, it is vaporized into the ammonia of low-pressure low-temperature, sucked by compressor, condenser is entered after being compressed into the ammonia of high pressure-temperature, be cooled water for cooling heat release within the condenser, it is condensed into high pressure ammoniacal liquor, through the ammoniacal liquor that choke valve throttling is low-temp low-pressure, it is again introduced into vaporizer endothermic gasification, reach the purpose of circularly cooling, ammonia is in systems through pervaporation, compression, condensation, four basic processes that throttle complete a kind of refrigeration cycle.
Condenser is furnished with recirculated cooling water device, and for the ammonia of high pressure-temperature becomes high pressure ammoniacal liquor, running hours, cooling water temperature raises, can reduce the condensation effect of ammonia, and common solution is equipped with outdoor water-cooling tower.
Vaporizer is arranged in freezer, and the evaporator surface that works long hours meeting frosting, frost layer can drastically reduce heat transfer coefficient, so vaporizer is generally equipped with defrosting device, modal is exactly water defrosting.Circulation defrosting water is when continuous defrosting, and water temperature can reduce, and defrosting effect is deteriorated so that frost layer cannot thoroughly be removed, and then has influence on the refrigerating effect of vaporizer;When situation is serious, defrosting outlet pipe can freeze, and defrosting water cannot discharge and pour in down a chimney in freezer, damages freezer and product therein.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problem that in refrigeration system, cooling water temperature raises, defrosting water temperature reduces, this utility model provides a kind of can simultaneously avoiding and certainly cools down water, the refrigeration compressor cooling water of defrosting water variations in temperature and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of refrigeration compressor cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, including refrigeration compressor and vaporizer, described refrigeration compressor is furnished with cooling water circulating device, described vaporizer is furnished with defrosting water circulating device, being provided with heat energy coupling device between described cooling water circulating device and defrosting water circulating device, described heat energy coupling device is for the heat exchange of cooling circulating water with defrosting recirculated water.
Described cooling water circulating device includes being sequentially connected in series the cooling water outlet pipe of connection, cooling pond, cooling water inlet pipe, and described cooling water inlet pipe is provided with cooling water circulating pump;Described defrosting water circulating device includes being sequentially connected in series the defrosting outlet pipe of connection, defrosting pond, defrosting water inlet pipe and being arranged in the shower above described vaporizer, and described defrosting water inlet pipe is provided with defrosting water circulating pump;Described heat energy coupling device is serially connected on described cooling water outlet pipe, is placed in described defrosting pond, is placed in below the water surface.
Described cooling water outlet pipe is provided with the bypass pipe in parallel with described heat energy coupling device, and the water inlet of described heat energy coupling device and water outlet are respectively equipped with a valve and No. two valves, and described bypass pipe is provided with No. three valves.
Described heat energy coupling device is spiral tube exchanger.
Described defrosting water circulating device also includes being arranged on the plenum chamber below described vaporizer, and the bottom of described plenum chamber is provided with water-collecting tray, and described water-collecting tray is connected with defrosting outlet pipe.
The water inlet of described cooling water circulating pump is provided with No. four valves, and the water inlet of described defrosting water circulating pump is provided with No. five valves.
The end of described cooling water outlet pipe is arranged on the top of described cooling pond, and the initiating terminal of described cooling water inlet pipe is arranged on the bottom of described cooling pond.
The end of described defrosting outlet pipe is arranged on the top in described defrosting pond, and the initiating terminal of described defrosting water inlet pipe is arranged on the bottom in described defrosting pond.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
Refrigeration compressor of the present utility model cooling water and a defrosting water that freezes, heat exchange is carried out by heat energy coupling device, both refrigeration compressor cooling water temperature had been reduced, improve condensation efficiency, improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of refrigeration compressor, improve again vaporizer defrosting water temperature, strengthen defrosting effect, it is ensured that the refrigerating effect of vaporizer.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of this utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the adapter schematic diagram of this utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of this utility model embodiment defrosting water circulating device.
Refrigeration compressor 1, vaporizer 2, cooling water circulating device 3, defrosting water circulating device 4, heat energy coupling device 5, cooling water outlet pipe 31, cooling pond 32, cooling water inlet pipe 33, cooling water circulating pump 34, bypass pipe 35, defrosting outlet pipe 41, defrosting pond 42, defrosting water inlet pipe 43, shower 44, defrosting water circulating pump 45, plenum chamber 46,47, valve F1 of water-collecting tray, No. two valve F2, No. three valve F3, No. four valve F4, No. five valve F5.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail with accompanying drawing.
In embodiment, as it is shown in figure 1, a kind of refrigeration compressor cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, including refrigeration compressor 1 and vaporizer 2, described refrigeration compressor 1 is furnished with cooling water circulating device 3, and described vaporizer 2 is furnished with defrosting water circulating device 4;Being provided with heat energy coupling device 5 between described cooling water circulating device 3 and defrosting water circulating device 4, described heat energy coupling device 5 is for the heat exchange of cooling circulating water with defrosting recirculated water.The refrigeration compressor cooling water of the present embodiment and a defrosting water that freezes, heat exchange is carried out by heat energy coupling device 5, both refrigeration compressor cooling water temperature had been reduced, improve condensation efficiency, improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of refrigeration compressor 1, improve again defrosting water temperature, strengthen defrosting effect, it is ensured that the refrigerating effect of vaporizer 2.And need not improve extra power or thermal source, also eliminate water-cooling tower, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
In embodiment, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, described cooling water circulating device 3 includes being sequentially connected in series the cooling water outlet pipe 31 of connection, cooling pond 32, cooling water inlet pipe 33, and described cooling water inlet pipe 33 is provided with cooling water circulating pump 34;Described defrosting water circulating device 4 includes being sequentially connected in series the defrosting outlet pipe 41 of connection, defrosting pond 42, defrosting water inlet pipe 43 and being arranged in the shower 44 above described vaporizer 2, and described defrosting water inlet pipe 43 is provided with defrosting water circulating pump 45;Described heat energy coupling device 5 is serially connected on described cooling water outlet pipe 31, is placed in described defrosting pond 42, is placed in below the water surface.The present embodiment uses heat convection mode, the flowing of logical supercooled water to carry out heat exchange with the water in defrosting pond 42.This utility model is also optional to be serially connected in heat energy coupling device 5 on defrosting outlet pipe 41, and is placed on the form in cooling pond 32, has same effect.Additionally, this utility model also can be selected for plate type heat exchanger, pipe heat exchanger, heat transfer process is arranged between cooling water inlet pipe 33 and defrosting water inlet pipe 43, or between other tube and tube.
In embodiment, as shown in Figure 2, described cooling water outlet pipe 31 is provided with the bypass pipe 35 in parallel with described heat energy coupling device 5, and the water inlet of described heat energy coupling device 5 and water outlet are respectively equipped with a valve F1 and No. two valve F2, and described bypass pipe 35 is provided with No. three valve F3.The bypass pipe 35 of the present embodiment is in parallel with heat energy coupling device 5, and a valve F1, No. two valve F2, No. three valve F3 can be utilized to control whether together to open heat energy coupling device 5, is suitable for need not the operating mode of thermal coupling or heat energy coupling device 5 overhauls.
In embodiment, as in figure 2 it is shown, described heat energy coupling device 5 is spiral tube exchanger.Spiral tube exchanger is wound in spiral helicine pipe by one or more groups and is placed in and makes among housing, and compact conformation, heat transfer area are bigger than straight tube, thermal (temperature difference) stress is little.Although the cleaning in pipe is more difficult, but owing to cooling water is the highest with the temperature of defrosting water, so in-tube fouling is inconspicuous, clean maintenance seldom, and fluid viscosity is the lowest, is not easily blocked, so spiral tube exchanger is applied to this utility model, there is high heat-exchanging performance, high reliability, it is easy to the advantage of maintenance.
In embodiment, as it is shown on figure 3, described defrosting water circulating device 4 also includes being arranged on the plenum chamber 46 below described vaporizer 2, the bottom of described plenum chamber 46 is provided with water-collecting tray 47, and described water-collecting tray 47 is connected with defrosting outlet pipe 41.The plenum chamber 46 of the present embodiment, for simplified system, plays the effect of cardan, also has the effect reducing noise.
In embodiment, as in figure 2 it is shown, the water inlet of described cooling water circulating pump 34 is provided with No. four valve F4, the water inlet of described defrosting water circulating pump 45 is provided with No. five valve F5.In the present embodiment, No. four valve F4 and No. five valve F5 are arranged in the import of cooling water circulating pump 34 and defrosting water circulating pump 45, it is simple to cooling water circulating pump 34 and defrosting water circulating pump 45 are safeguarding or can drain the hydrops in the pump housing during maintenance.
In embodiment, as in figure 2 it is shown, the end of described cooling water outlet pipe 31 is arranged on the top of described cooling pond 32, the initiating terminal of described cooling water inlet pipe 33 is arranged on the bottom of described cooling pond 32;The end of described defrosting outlet pipe 41 is arranged on the top in described defrosting pond 42, and the initiating terminal of described defrosting water inlet pipe 43 is arranged on the bottom in described defrosting pond 42.In the present embodiment, cooling water outlet pipe 31, cooling water inlet pipe 33, defrosting outlet pipe 41, the arrangement of defrosting water inlet pipe 43 are easy to cool down water, the circulation of defrosting water, can be prevented effectively from the phenomenons such as appearance blocking, backflow, short circuit.
Obviously, above-described embodiment of the present utility model is merely to illustrate that this utility model example, and not restriction to embodiment of the present utility model.For those of ordinary skill in the field, change or the variation of other multi-forms can also be made on the basis of the above description.Here without also all of embodiment being given poor example.And these belong to obvious change that connotation of the present utility model amplified out or variation still falls within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a refrigeration compressor cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, including refrigeration compressor (1) and vaporizer (2), described refrigeration compressor (1) is furnished with cooling water circulating device (3), described vaporizer (2) is furnished with defrosting water circulating device (4), it is characterized in that: be provided with heat energy coupling device (5) between described cooling water circulating device (3) and defrosting water circulating device (4), described heat energy coupling device (5) is for the heat exchange of cooling circulating water with defrosting recirculated water.
Refrigeration compressor the most according to claim 1 cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, it is characterized in that: described cooling water circulating device (3) includes being sequentially connected in series the cooling water outlet pipe (31) of connection, cooling pond (32), cooling water inlet pipe (33), and described cooling water inlet pipe (33) is provided with cooling water circulating pump (34);
Described defrosting water circulating device (4) includes being sequentially connected in series the defrosting outlet pipe (41) of connection, defrosting pond (42), defrosting water inlet pipe (43) and being arranged in the shower (44) of described vaporizer (2) top, and described defrosting water inlet pipe (43) is provided with defrosting water circulating pump (45);
Described heat energy coupling device (5) is serially connected on described cooling water outlet pipe (31), is placed in described defrosting pond (42), is placed in below the water surface.
Refrigeration compressor the most according to claim 2 cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, it is characterized in that: described cooling water outlet pipe (31) is provided with the bypass pipe (35) in parallel with described heat energy coupling device (5), the water inlet of described heat energy coupling device (5) and water outlet are respectively equipped with a valve (F1) and No. two valves (F2), and described bypass pipe (35) is provided with No. three valves (F3).
4. cool down water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes according to the refrigeration compressor described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: described heat energy coupling device (5) is spiral tube exchanger.
Refrigeration compressor the most according to claim 2 cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, it is characterized in that: described defrosting water circulating device (4) also includes being arranged on the plenum chamber (46) of described vaporizer (2) lower section, the bottom of described plenum chamber (46) is provided with water-collecting tray (47), and described water-collecting tray (47) is connected with defrosting outlet pipe (41).
Refrigeration compressor the most according to claim 2 cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, it is characterized in that: the water inlet of described cooling water circulating pump (34) is provided with No. four valves (F4), the water inlet of described defrosting water circulating pump (45) is provided with No. five valves (F5).
Refrigeration compressor the most according to claim 2 cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, it is characterized in that: the end of described cooling water outlet pipe (31) is arranged on the top of described cooling pond (32), the initiating terminal of described cooling water inlet pipe (33) is arranged on the bottom of described cooling pond (32).
Refrigeration compressor the most according to claim 2 cooling water and the heat energy coupled system of a defrosting water that freezes, it is characterized in that: the end of described defrosting outlet pipe (41) is arranged on the top of described defrosting pond (42), the initiating terminal of described defrosting water inlet pipe (43) is arranged on the bottom of described defrosting pond (42).
CN201620325869.8U 2016-04-19 2016-04-19 Compressor cooling water and a heat energy coupled system towards white water that freezes Active CN205593205U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620325869.8U CN205593205U (en) 2016-04-19 2016-04-19 Compressor cooling water and a heat energy coupled system towards white water that freezes

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620325869.8U CN205593205U (en) 2016-04-19 2016-04-19 Compressor cooling water and a heat energy coupled system towards white water that freezes

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105716308A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-06-29 中国水产舟山海洋渔业公司 Heat energy coupling system for cooling water of refrigeration compressor and defrosting water of freezing room

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105716308A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-06-29 中国水产舟山海洋渔业公司 Heat energy coupling system for cooling water of refrigeration compressor and defrosting water of freezing room

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