CN205538210U - Rear -guard motor transmission driving error test bench - Google Patents

Rear -guard motor transmission driving error test bench Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205538210U
CN205538210U CN201620319451.6U CN201620319451U CN205538210U CN 205538210 U CN205538210 U CN 205538210U CN 201620319451 U CN201620319451 U CN 201620319451U CN 205538210 U CN205538210 U CN 205538210U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
input
driving error
outfan
gear box
output
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620319451.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周晓勤
侯懿轩
赫修智
刘强
薛震
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jilin Special Medical Food Biotechnology Co ltd
Jilin University
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Jilin Special Medical Food Biotechnology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN201620319451.6U priority Critical patent/CN205538210U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205538210U publication Critical patent/CN205538210U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a rear -guard motor transmission driving error test bench belongs to motor transmission detection technical field, including test bench device, adjustment and strutting arrangement, the test bench device of saying includes: the synchronous universal joint of AC drive motor, input resilient coupling, input driving error comprehensive testing device, input ball cage, gearbox input integral key shaft, try gearbox, gearbox output flange axle, output resilient coupling no. 1, output driving error comprehensive testing device, two, two grades of reducing gear boxs of output resilient coupling, the synchronous universal joint of output ball cage, interchange load motor. The advantage adopts the overall arrangement of " U " type, reduces area, but the static state of simultaneous measurement gearbox, developments transmission error, adopt two to keep off reducing gear box and slip table mechanisms, the test requirement of adaptable different model gearboxes, the commonality of improvement test bench.

Description

A kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand
Technical field
This utility model relates to automobile gearbox detection technique field, is specifically related to a kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission by mistake Difference inspection test stand.
Background technology
Mechanical gear box application on microbus mainly has two kinds of drive forms: one is preposition forerunner, another kind of It it is front-engine rear-drive.Wherein, in preposition precursor vehicle, electromotor is horizontal, general with the mechanical gear box of its adaptation the most all Integrated differential mechanism and main reducing gear, the power of transmission assembly output is directly delivered on front-wheel by semiaxis, drives car Travel;In front-engine rear-drive vehicle, general electromotor is longitudinal, the most integrated differential mechanism of change speed gear box and main reducing gear, and It is that the power of output shaft is transferred to back axle by a power transmission shaft, then transmits again through differential mechanism, main reducing gear and semiaxis To the trailing wheel of vehicle, complete the driving of vehicle.Owing to major part microbus is single case design, vehicle head space is relatively Little, if using the layout difficulty of the drive scheme of preposition forerunner, electromotor and change speed gear box greatly, and due to miniature visitor The more general riding overall height in chassis of car, uses power transmission shaft that power is transferred to back axle and interior space does not results in the biggest shadow Ring.Therefore, on microbus, the change speed gear box of front-engine rear-drive obtains quite varied application.Change speed gear box is vehicle transmission The critical component of system medium power conversion, the performance of change speed gear box has been largely fixed vehicle performance.Driving error is Causing change speed gear box vibration, the one of the main reasons of noise, dynamic property and strength character etc. that it contains change speed gear box are all Many contents.By the research of gearbox transmission error can the be traced to the source structure of change speed gear box, manufacturing defect, thus for becoming Manufacturing and designing of case of speed provides conductive suggestion.
Static driving error research for single gear transmission the most both at home and abroad achieves certain achievement.Multi-stage gear Drive system is numerous due to composition parts, and structure is complex, to its static driving error, motion transmission error Research not yet makes a breakthrough.Automobile mechanical gear shifting box is as by power transmission shaft, gear, bearing, housing, lock unit etc. zero The baroque multi-stage gear driving system of parts composition, the research of its driving error is in the starting stage, real The now research to automobile mechanical gear shifting box driving error needs the special Detecting data that Measure Precision is high, reliability is high.
Due to the most integrated differential mechanism of front-engine rear-drive change speed gear box and main reducing gear, therefore the dynamic characteristic of its output is high turning Moment of torsion fast, low.Domestic current mechanical gear box testboard bay is used for commercial car and large and medium bus manual transmission Test, stand overall operation rotating speed is relatively low, and research and development difficulty is relatively small.In these testboard bays, most old-fashioned machinery Change speed gear box stand uses Open architecture, and utilizes electric eddy current dynamometer, magnetic powder brake etc. as loading, in a large number Electric energy consumes in process of the test.
Chinese invention patent publication number CN103698124A discloses a kind of method of prototype gear driving error, this The bright angular velocity only with angular encoder prototype gear, solves driving error.The shortcoming of the method is the transmission of gained Error contacts with loaded not the setting up of gear, it is impossible to explain gear train assembly stand under load deformation mechanism, real for improving Border application middle gear transmission accuracy produces little effect.
Chinese invention patent publication number CN103543009A discloses a kind of change speed gear box test-bed, and it is right that it is mainly tested As for rear-guard change speed gear box, using a driving motor and the power scheme of two groups of load flywheels, this invention uses open type knot Structure, power consumption is big;Use guiding mechanism to make stand adapt to the change speed gear box of different model, add the complexity of structure; Only installing torque sensor at drive end, without Rotating speed measring element, testing and control precision is low;Use linear type layout, Can not effectively utilize test site.
Chinese invention patent publication number CN103439108A discloses a kind of change speed gear box run-in stand, and it is mainly tested Object is front drive transmission case, uses an electromotor to drive change speed gear box, and two stack clamping devices are as load.Advantage is knot Structure is simple, it is not necessary to complicated electric control system.Shortcoming is to use electromotor as power, increases vibration stimulus source, Needing to install smoke extractor, meanwhile, electromotor control accuracy is low, it is impossible to obtain the rotating speed of steady and continuous;Without detection control Element processed, Measure Precision is low;Use clamping device as load, waste the energy, and noise is big.
Summary of the invention
This utility model provides a kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand, to solve the examination of existing change speed gear box Test the problem that platform Measure Precision is low, energy resource consumption is big.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: below T-slot mounting platform respectively with T-slot mounting platform rigidity Support seat, air spring support means connects, and AC driven motor slide unit base, change speed gear box special fixture are respectively mounted Above T-slot mounting platform, AC driven motor is arranged on to exchange with input driving error comprehensive detection device and drives On galvanic electricity machine slide unit base, the outfan of this AC driven motor and input driving error comprehensive detection device are by defeated Entering and hold yielding coupling to connect, input driving error comprehensive detection device passes through input with change speed gear box input splined shaft Synchro-nizing universal coupling with ball and sacker connects;By change speed gear box special fixture by the clamping of tested change speed gear box location, tested speed change Case output shaft is connected with change speed gear box output flange axle, outfan driving error comprehensive detection device and change speed gear box output flange Axle is connected by outfan yielding coupling one, outfan driving error comprehensive detection device and two gear reduction box inputs Being connected by outfan yielding coupling two, two gear reduction box outfans pass through outfan ball cage type with exchanging loading motor Synchronous universal coupling connects.
The power shaft of two gear reduction boxes described in the utility model is positioned at the same side, in " U " type layout with output shaft.
Input driving error comprehensive detection device structure described in the utility model is: the bearing in bearing block is arranged on On output flange shaft neck, input torque sensor is connected with output flange axle by bolt, input torque sensing Device is connected with input flange axle by bolt, input angular encoder inner ring is arranged on input flange shaft flange dish, Outer ring is bolted on angular encoder support, single-axis acceleration sensors one, single-axis acceleration sensors two It is respectively arranged on input flange shaft flange dish in 180 degree, described bearing block, input torque sensor, angle Encoder support is arranged on firm banking by bolt.
The sensitive direction of single-axis acceleration sensors one described in the utility model and single-axis acceleration sensors two is for passing The tangential direction of moving axis.
Outfan driving error comprehensive detection device described in the utility model and described input Transmission Error Measuring Apparatus structure is identical.
Under conditions of simulation change speed gear box actual condition, test change speed gear box each gear under the rotating speed that test specification gives Driving error, by the analysis to driving error, the structure of change speed gear box of tracing to the source, manufacturing defect, thus is change speed gear box Manufacturing and designing and provide conductive suggestion, for accurately measuring the driving error of change speed gear box, this utility model realizes change speed gear box Static, the measurement of motion transmission error.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, this utility model uses " U " type distribution form, compares linear type layout and can shorten testing stand length and reach 30% Above, compact conformation, reduce floor space, make full use of experimental site space, reduce cost.
2, the proposition one driving error comprehensive detection device of novelty, by integrated High-precision angle encoder, torsion Square sensor, single-axis acceleration sensors, realize the static state to change speed gear box, dynamic transmission error on a testing stand Measurement, reached the purpose of a tractor serves several purposes.
3, utilize reduction box can reduce change speed gear box output speed, select the loading motor that rated speed is lower, reduce electricity The input of machine;Use two gear reduction boxes can be with flexible output speed, and the change speed gear box of compatible different model improves examination Test the versatility of platform.
4, drive motor base to use slipway mechanism, facilitate the installation of tested change speed gear box, it is achieved the change to different model The test of speed case.
5, synchro-nizing universal coupling with ball and sacker is used to connect drive end defeated with change speed gear box with transmission input shaft, load end Shaft, reduces the power transmission shaft additional load caused by coaxiality error, and the fatigue life improving power transmission shaft passes with testing stand Efficiency of movement;Meanwhile, the change speed gear box that employing synchro-nizing universal coupling with ball and sacker is suitable for different model is tested, improves test The versatility of platform.
6, using common DC bus technology, it is achieved the recycling of testing stand electric energy, energy utilization rate is high, after reduction Phase operating cost;Simultaneously as the electric energy of loading motor feedback is not directly incorporated into AC network, can avoid alternating current Net causes electrically pollution.
7, air spring is used to support testing stand, can effectively inhibition test platform vibration amplitude, shock isolation, raising examination Test platform natural frequency, it is to avoid covibration occurs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is this utility model input driving error comprehensive detection device;
Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of this utility model AC driven motor slide unit base.
Detailed description of the invention
Dress is supported with T-slot mounting platform rigid support seat 17, air spring respectively below T-slot mounting platform 18 Putting 15 connections, AC driven motor slide unit base 16, change speed gear box special fixture 6 are separately mounted to T-slot and install flat Above platform 18, AC driven motor 1 and input driving error comprehensive detection device 3 are arranged on AC driven motor On slide unit base 16, the outfan of this AC driven motor 1 passes through with input driving error comprehensive detection device 3 Input yielding coupling 2 connects, and input driving error comprehensive detection device 3 leads to change speed gear box input splined shaft 5 Cross input synchro-nizing universal coupling with ball and sacker 4 to connect;By change speed gear box special fixture 6, tested change speed gear box 7 is positioned Clamping, tested output shaft of gear-box is connected with change speed gear box output flange axle 8, outfan driving error comprehensive detection device 10 are connected by outfan yielding coupling 1 with change speed gear box output flange axle 8, outfan driving error comprehensive detection Device 10 is connected by outfan yielding coupling 2 11 with two gear reduction box 12 inputs, and two gear reduction boxes 12 are defeated Go out end to be connected by outfan synchro-nizing universal coupling with ball and sacker 13 with exchange loading motor 14;
Described engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand, it is characterised in that two described gear reduction boxes 12 Power shaft and output shaft be positioned at the same side, in " U " type layout.
Described input driving error comprehensive detection device 3, the bearing in bearing block 302 is arranged on output flange axle On 301 axle journals, input torque sensor 303 is connected with output flange axle 301 by bolt, and input moment of torsion passes Sensor 303 is connected with input flange axle 309 by bolt, and input angular encoder 308 inner ring is arranged on input method On blue axle 309 ring flange, outer ring be bolted on angular encoder support 307, single-axis acceleration sensors One 304, single-axis acceleration sensors 2 305 is respectively arranged on input flange axle 309 ring flange in 180 degree, institute The bearing block 302 stated, input torque sensor 303, angular encoder support 307 are arranged on fixing by bolt On base 306.
The sensitive direction of single-axis acceleration sensors one and single-axis acceleration sensors two is the tangential direction of power transmission shaft.
Described outfan driving error comprehensive detection device 10 is tied with described input Transmission Error Measuring device 3 Structure is identical.
Described AC driven motor slide unit base 16 by drive motor movement base 1605, slide unit firm banking 1607, Triangular guide pair 1604, rectangular rail pair 1603, screw pair 1602, handwheel 1601, clamp system 1606 Composition, AC driven motor slide unit base can realize the change speed gear box moving axially to adapt to different model of motor.
Operation principle:
Drive motor by input yielding coupling one, input driving error comprehensive detection device, input elasticity Power is input to change speed gear box by shaft coupling two, change speed gear box input splined shaft, and gear box output end is joined by outfan elasticity Axial organ one, outfan driving error comprehensive detection device, outfan yielding coupling two, two gear reduction box, outfan Ball cage type Hooks coupling universal coupling is connected with loading motor.Driving motor to be operated in rotating speed control mode, loading motor is operated in Torque control mode.The input of change speed gear box and outfan rotating speed, torque, tangential acceleration signal respectively by input, Outfan driving error comprehensive detection device detects.

Claims (5)

1. an engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand, it is characterised in that: below T-slot mounting platform It is connected with T-slot mounting platform rigid support seat, air spring support means respectively, AC driven motor slide unit base, Change speed gear box special fixture is separately mounted to above T-slot mounting platform, and AC driven motor and input driving error are combined Close detection device to be arranged on AC driven motor slide unit base, the outfan of this AC driven motor and input transmission Error synthesis detection device is connected by input yielding coupling, input driving error comprehensive detection device and speed change Case input splined shaft is connected by input synchro-nizing universal coupling with ball and sacker;By change speed gear box special fixture by tested change The location clamping of speed case, tested output shaft of gear-box is connected with change speed gear box output flange axle, and outfan driving error is comprehensively examined Survey device to be connected by outfan yielding coupling one with change speed gear box output flange axle, outfan driving error comprehensive detection Device and two gear reduction box inputs are connected by outfan yielding coupling two, and two gear reduction box outfans add with exchanging Carry motor to be connected by outfan synchro-nizing universal coupling with ball and sacker.
A kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand the most according to claim 1, its feature exists In: the power shaft of two described gear reduction boxes is positioned at the same side, in " U " type layout with output shaft.
A kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand the most according to claim 1, its feature exists In: described input driving error comprehensive detection device structure is: the bearing in bearing block is arranged on output flange axle On axle journal, input torque sensor is connected with output flange axle by bolt, and input torque sensor passes through bolt Being connected with input flange axle, input angular encoder inner ring is arranged on input flange shaft flange dish, spiral shell is passed through in outer ring Bolt is fixed on angular encoder support, and single-axis acceleration sensors one, single-axis acceleration sensors two are in 180 degree points It is not installed on input flange shaft flange dish, described bearing block, input torque sensor, angular encoder support It is arranged on firm banking by bolt.
A kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand the most according to claim 3, its feature exists In: described single-axis acceleration sensors one and the tangent line side that sensitive direction is power transmission shaft of single-axis acceleration sensors two To.
A kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand the most according to claim 1, its feature exists In: described outfan driving error comprehensive detection device and described input Transmission Error Measuring apparatus structure phase With.
CN201620319451.6U 2016-04-17 2016-04-17 Rear -guard motor transmission driving error test bench Expired - Fee Related CN205538210U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620319451.6U CN205538210U (en) 2016-04-17 2016-04-17 Rear -guard motor transmission driving error test bench

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620319451.6U CN205538210U (en) 2016-04-17 2016-04-17 Rear -guard motor transmission driving error test bench

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205538210U true CN205538210U (en) 2016-08-31

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620319451.6U Expired - Fee Related CN205538210U (en) 2016-04-17 2016-04-17 Rear -guard motor transmission driving error test bench

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105928700A (en) * 2016-04-17 2016-09-07 吉林大学 RWD automobile gearbox transmission error detection test bench and comprehensive testing method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105928700A (en) * 2016-04-17 2016-09-07 吉林大学 RWD automobile gearbox transmission error detection test bench and comprehensive testing method
CN105928700B (en) * 2016-04-17 2018-04-20 吉林大学 A kind of engine rear-drive automobile gearbox transmission error-detecting testing stand and integrated test facility

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160831

Termination date: 20180417

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee