CN205535969U - Coal -fired heating equipment - Google Patents

Coal -fired heating equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205535969U
CN205535969U CN201620314471.4U CN201620314471U CN205535969U CN 205535969 U CN205535969 U CN 205535969U CN 201620314471 U CN201620314471 U CN 201620314471U CN 205535969 U CN205535969 U CN 205535969U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fire
air distribution
distribution circle
poly
coal
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620314471.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李根乐
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李根乐
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Priority to CN201620314471.4U priority Critical patent/CN205535969U/en
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Publication of CN205535969U publication Critical patent/CN205535969U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a coal -fired heating equipment, including furnace, the furnace bottom is equipped with the fire bars, the fire bars below is equipped with the drawer, the drawer is located the base, the shutoff of furnace top has the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, be equipped with the bell on the stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, be equipped with in the furnace and gather fiery air distribution circle, it circles down both ends and is equipped with windward dish and leeward dish to gather fiery air distribution, it is equipped with supporting straw to gather fiery air distribution circle, the air intake of straw is located the furnace bottom, the air outlet is located the windward dish leeward dish with the annular space that the outer wall enclosed who gathers fiery air distribution circle. Gather fiery air distribution circle for conical ring, on it under the aperture ratio aperture little, gather the bleeder vent that still is equipped with a plurality of evenly distributed on the rampart of fiery air distribution circle, the high -temperature gas of furnace lower part can get into the plenum of going up between the leeward dish through the straw, and even seeing through is gathered fiery air distribution circle and is carried out the secondary and join in marriage oxygen, makes fuel thoroughly burn, has avoided energy waste and polluted environment, has improved the thermal efficiency and cooking firepower.

Description

Coal-burning heating apparatus
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of coal-burning heating apparatus, it is adaptable to heating industry.
Background technology
Not having central heating or do not possessing rural area or the combination area of city and country of gas-heating condition, using coal heating more, heating cost is relatively low, is the ideal chose of heating.But current most coal-burning heating apparatus uses the theory of combustion of extensive style, from fire grate bottom natural air intake, air quantity is inadequate and inlet temperature is low, create and join the problems such as oxygen does not mates, fire box temperature is low, fuel combustion is insufficient, cause energy waste, the thermal efficiency is low, cooking firepower not enough, atmosphere pollution (particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, flue gas blackness etc.) discharges high a series of serious consequence, all brings the biggest impact to user and environment.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the drawbacks described above under prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of coal-burning heating apparatus, solve that coal-burning heating apparatus fuel combustion under prior art is insufficient by the design of rational structure, calorific value plays less than the limit, cooking firepower does not increases, emission is too high defect, more efficient energy-saving.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of coal-burning heating apparatus, including burner hearth, described burner hearth bottom is provided with fire bars, it is provided with drawer below described fire bars, described drawer is positioned on base, the closure of described roof of the furnace has stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, described stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire is provided with bell, poly-fire air distribution circle it is provided with in described burner hearth, described poly-fire air distribution circle is positioned at above described fire bars, the described poly-fire upper and lower two ends of air distribution circle are provided with windward dish and leeward dish, described poly-fire air distribution circle is provided with supporting suction pipe, the air inlet of described suction pipe is positioned at described burner hearth bottom, the air outlet of described suction pipe is positioned at described windward dish, in the annular space that the outer wall of described leeward dish and described poly-fire air distribution circle is surrounded, the High Temperature Gas physical ability of lower furnace portion enters the air compartment between upper leeward dish by suction pipe, carry out secondary through poly-fire air distribution circle and join oxygen, fuel is made thoroughly to burn.
Preferably, described poly-fire air distribution circle is conical ring, on it, under aperture ratio, aperture is little, the ring wall of described poly-fire air distribution circle is provided with multiple equally distributed air-vent, when making secondary air distribution, wind indoor oxygen spreads uniformly through poly-fire air distribution circle, burn without dead angle, and by the shape that described poly-fire air distribution circle is up-small and down-big, flame is gathered together, improve firepower.
Preferably, being provided with shoulder hole in the middle of described windward dish, the path of described shoulder hole and the upper aperture of described poly-fire air distribution circle are equal, and described windward dish is sleeved on described poly-fire air distribution circle upper end.
Preferably, described leeward dish is the most square, centre is provided with the through hole coordinated with described poly-fire air distribution circle, corner is provided with the arc notch for installing described suction pipe, the air compartment that upper leeward dish is constituted defines the space of a relative closure, can guarantee that the high temperature air of suction pipe inspiration passes through air-vent even into poly-fire air distribution circle.
Preferably, described fire bars includes actively fire bars and driven fire bars, and described active fire bars is connected by connecting plate with described driven fire bars so that more clean thorough during cleaning ashes, has saved fire bars requisite space, and structure is compacter.Described connecting plate can be arranged on fire bars one end or middle any position.
Preferably, described active fire bars and described driven fire bars two ends are provided with protecting cover and emit, and described protecting cover emits and is connected with hearth outer wall so that fire bars can smooth and easy rotation in burner hearth.
Preferably, described active fire bars one end is provided with fire bars handle, and described fire bars handle is positioned at outside described burner hearth so that can be externally controlled fire bars by fire bars handle, decreases unnecessary door opened, has reached the heat insulation effect of burner hearth.
Preferably, described drawer outer surface is provided with fresh air inlet and adjusting knob, can control, by rotation of adjustment knob, the size that air inlet is opened, thus control stove fire size by controlling intake.
Preferably, described adjusting knob is provided with the through hole (as long as can pass through rotation of adjustment knob complete block or open fresh air inlet) identical or different with described fresh air inlet shape, can be controlled the opening of fresh air inlet with the degree that overlaps of fresh air inlet by through hole on adjusting knob.
Preferably, described stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire rear is provided with the outer smoke box that connect internal with described burner hearth, and described foreign cigarette box top is provided with exhaust opening, and exhaust opening can install chimney or other breather lines, makes burning waste gas be expelled directly out outside room, improves indoor sanitation and air ambient.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
By arranging air compartment and suction pipe in burner hearth, increase oxygen supply passage newly, suction pipe is made directly to be transported in the air compartment of upper furnace by the high temperature air of lower furnace portion, avoid burner hearth that is insufficient and that the cause cooling of burning caused because of oxygen content deficiency because inlet temperature is low, make fuel thoroughly burn under the ratio mated with oxygen, it also avoid because of insufficient energy waste caused and the pollution environment of burning.
By arranging the poly-fire air distribution circle being evenly distributed with air-vent in air compartment, the oxygen making suction pipe suck air compartment spreads more uniform, fuel combustion ground is more without dead angle, and by the shape that on poly-fire air distribution circle, hole is little, lower opening is big, burner hearth flame is gathered together, make its concentrated combustion heat-absorbent surface or cooking utensils, thus improve the thermal efficiency and cooking firepower.
Make traditional coal-burning heating apparatus be simplified by the design of rational structure, increase the inner space of burner hearth so that burner hearth can be increased in the case of not strengthening equipment volume and ward off mud thickness, enhance the heat insulation effect of burner hearth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure diagram of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
nullSee Fig. 1,The utility model discloses a kind of coal-burning heating apparatus,Including burner hearth,Described burner hearth bottom is provided with fire bars,Drawer 2 it is provided with below described fire bars,Described drawer is positioned on base 1,The closure of described roof of the furnace has stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 7,Described stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire is provided with bell 8,Poly-fire air distribution circle 11 it is provided with in described burner hearth,Described poly-fire air distribution circle is conical ring,On it, under aperture ratio, aperture is little,The ring wall of described poly-fire air distribution circle is provided with multiple equally distributed air-vent,The described poly-fire upper and lower two ends of air distribution circle are provided with windward dish 6 and leeward dish 5,Described poly-fire air distribution circle is additionally provided with supporting suction pipe 4,The air inlet of described suction pipe is positioned at described burner hearth bottom,Described suction pipe air outlet is between described windward dish and described leeward dish,The setting of suction pipe has increased oxygen supply passage newly to fuel,The High Temperature Gas physical ability making lower furnace portion carries out secondary by the air compartment between the upper leeward dish of suction pipe entrance and joins oxygen,When secondary joins oxygen, wind indoor oxygen is through the air-vent uniformly dispersing of poly-fire air distribution circle,Fuel is made thoroughly to burn.Not only avoid burner hearth that is insufficient and that the cause cooling of burning caused because of oxygen content deficiency because inlet temperature is low, it is thus also avoided that because of insufficient energy waste caused and the pollution environment of burning.
Offering shoulder hole in the middle of described windward dish, the path of described shoulder hole and the upper aperture of described poly-fire air distribution circle are equal, and described windward dish is sleeved on described poly-fire air distribution circle upper end, and windward dish upper surface is provided with and the cupping 10 of the poly-fire corresponding placement of air distribution circle simultaneously.Because poly-fire air distribution circle and cupping are the annulus that the little lower opening in hole is big, and hole on cupping lower opening correspondence poly-fire air distribution circle, so burned flame at random in burner hearth can be gathered together by this structure, make its concentrated combustion heat-absorbent surface or cooking utensils, thus improve the thermal efficiency and cooking firepower.
Preferably, described fire bars includes actively fire bars 13 and driven fire bars 12, and described active fire bars is connected by connecting plate with described driven fire bars, and described connecting plate can be arranged on fire bars one end or other the most do not affect the position of drawer pull.And fire bars two ends are provided with protecting cover and emit 3, described protecting cover emits and is connected with hearth outer wall.Described active fire bars one end is additionally provided with fire bars handle 9, described fire bars handle is positioned at outside described burner hearth, allow to be externally controlled fire bars by fire bars handle, decrease unnecessary door opened, reach the heat insulation effect of burner hearth, and make to clear up during ashes more clean thorough, and save fire bars requisite space, structure is compacter.
Have bonded between described fire bars and fire bars handle, the multiple connected mode such as threaded and Profile Connection, it is preferred that described fire bars handle connects end and is provided with square hole, described fire bars handle and described active fire bars by square Profile Connection, and connected mode is simple and reliable.
Preferably, described drawer outer surface is provided with fresh air inlet and adjusting knob, adjusting knob is provided with the through hole (as long as can pass through rotation of adjustment knob complete block or open fresh air inlet) identical or different with described fresh air inlet shape, the degree that overlaps of through hole and fresh air inlet on adjusting knob can be changed by rotation of adjustment knob, thus control the size that air inlet is opened, reach to control the purpose of stove fire size by controlling intake.
Generally, described stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire rear is provided with the outer smoke box that connect internal with described burner hearth, and described foreign cigarette box top is provided with exhaust opening, and exhaust opening can install chimney or other breather lines, makes burning waste gas be expelled directly out outside room, can improve indoor sanitation and air ambient.
Disclosed in this utility model each preferably with optional technological means, unless otherwise indicated and preferred or optional technological means is outside the limiting further of another technological means, all can form some different technical schemes in any combination.

Claims (10)

1. a coal-burning heating apparatus, including burner hearth, described burner hearth bottom is provided with fire bars, it is provided with drawer below described fire bars, described drawer is positioned on base, the closure of described roof of the furnace has stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire, described stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire is provided with bell, poly-fire air distribution circle it is provided with in it is characterized in that described burner hearth, described poly-fire air distribution circle is positioned at above described fire bars, the described poly-fire upper and lower two ends of air distribution circle are provided with windward dish and leeward dish, described poly-fire air distribution circle is provided with supporting suction pipe, the air inlet of described suction pipe is positioned at described burner hearth bottom, the air outlet of described suction pipe is positioned at described windward dish, in the annular space that the outer wall of described leeward dish and described poly-fire air distribution circle is surrounded.
2. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described poly-fire air distribution circle is conical ring, the upper aperture of described poly-fire air distribution circle is less than lower aperture, and the ring wall of described poly-fire air distribution circle is provided with some equally distributed air-vents.
3. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that offer shoulder hole in the middle of described windward dish, the path of described shoulder hole and the upper aperture of described poly-fire air distribution circle are equal, and described windward dish is sleeved on described poly-fire air distribution circle upper end.
4. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that described leeward dish is the most square, described leeward dish is provided with the through hole matched with described poly-fire air distribution circle, and described leeward Pan Sijiaochu is provided with the arc notch for installing described suction pipe.
5. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that described fire bars includes actively fire bars and driven fire bars, and described active fire bars is connected by connecting plate with described driven fire bars.
6. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that described active fire bars and described driven fire bars two ends are provided with protecting cover and emit, described protecting cover emits and is connected with hearth outer wall.
7. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described active fire bars connects has fire bars handle, described fire bars handle to be positioned at outside described burner hearth.
8. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that described drawer outer surface is provided with fresh air inlet and adjusting knob.
9. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that offer the through hole identical with described fresh air inlet shape on described adjusting knob.
10. coal-burning heating apparatus as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that described stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire rear is provided with the outer smoke box that connect internal with described burner hearth, and described foreign cigarette box top is provided with exhaust opening.
CN201620314471.4U 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 Coal -fired heating equipment Expired - Fee Related CN205535969U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620314471.4U CN205535969U (en) 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 Coal -fired heating equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620314471.4U CN205535969U (en) 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 Coal -fired heating equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205535969U true CN205535969U (en) 2016-08-31

Family

ID=56792959

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620314471.4U Expired - Fee Related CN205535969U (en) 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 Coal -fired heating equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205535969U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160831

Termination date: 20180415

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee