CN205532185U - Construct outside sunshade structure - Google Patents

Construct outside sunshade structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205532185U
CN205532185U CN201620231176.2U CN201620231176U CN205532185U CN 205532185 U CN205532185 U CN 205532185U CN 201620231176 U CN201620231176 U CN 201620231176U CN 205532185 U CN205532185 U CN 205532185U
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
aluminum alloy
sunshade
building
steel
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CN201620231176.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
倪欣
梁晓光
刘涛
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Middle Northwest Co Ltd Of Study On Engineering Design Institute
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Middle Northwest Co Ltd Of Study On Engineering Design Institute
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a construct outside sunshade structure, including a plurality of sunshade units that set up side by side on building beyond the region of objective existence wall, the sunshade unit include steel structural framework and be provided with the aluminum metal alloy frame frame of tripe device, steel structural framework fix on building beyond the region of objective existence wall, aluminum metal alloy frame erect and put on steel structural framework, aluminum metal alloy frame frame including fixed and foldable, be provided with between foldable aluminum metal alloy frame frame and the steel structural framework and fold drive arrangement, the whole sunshades of realization on steel structural framework are laid completely to the aluminum metal alloy frame frame that is equipped with sun -shading louver, and the foldable aluminum metal alloy frame of folding drive arrangement drive frame is opened and is realized local sunshade. The utility model discloses architectural modeling design not only can be enriched, the whole quality of building is promoted, simultaneously can also be according to the scope of opening and the area that require the automatic adjustment sunshade of indoor temperature, solar radiation intensity and room light environment, reach the energy -conserving effect of ideal.

Description

A kind of building external shade structures
Technical field
This utility model belongs to architectural design field, is specifically related to a kind of building external shade structures.
Background technology
In the world today, the energy-conservation themes of the times that have become as, China's building energy consumption account for more than the 27.8% of whole society's total energy consumption, and exterior window ranks first as the weakest energy-conservation in architectural exterior-protecting construction link, energy consumption row.Therefore architectural shading has become as the hot issue of current building energy saving field.Existing Building Outside Shading of Window product, it mostly is fixed structure or manually regulates form, although partially or fully sunshade can be realized, but sunshading board structure can not be adjusted according to the demand of the change of sun altitude and user, reach not only to meet sunshade requirement but also the effect of Interior Illumination Environment can be improved.Additionally, common Building Outside Shading of Window is not only not in tune with architectural image, it is impossible to become a kind of effective means of Architecture Decoration Design, and easily cause the stop of sight line.
Utility model content
It is not enough that the purpose of this utility model is to solve above-mentioned prior art, it is provided that a kind of building external shade structures.This Building Outside Shading of Window is the most handsome in appearance, simple in construction, practical, be easy to promote the use of, it is possible to meet the different requirements of building energy conservation, indoor lighting simultaneously, but also there is multiple " expression " change, enrich elevation of building effect.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, this utility model employing techniques below measure:
A kind of building external shade structures, including multiple sunshade unit being disposed in parallel on building outer wall, described sunshade unit includes steel structure frame and is provided with the aluminum alloy frame of shutter device;Described steel structure frame is fixed on building outer wall, and described aluminum alloy frame is arranged on steel structure frame;Described aluminum alloy frame includes fixed and collapsible, is provided with folding driving device between folding type aluminum alloy framework and steel structure frame;Being provided with the aluminum alloy frame of shutter device to be laid on completely on steel structure frame and realize whole sunshade, folding driving device drives folding type aluminum alloy framework to open and realizes local sunshade.
Described sunshade unit side structure is multistage meander line structure, and each sunshade unit all includes an end face, a bottom surface and multiple sun face;The irregular of multiple sunshade unit is arranged on building outer wall, and the sun face structure of each sunshade unit and apical side height are the most different.
The end face of described sunshade unit and bottom surface arrange fixed aluminum alloy frame, and the sun face of sunshade unit is provided with fixed and/or folding type aluminum alloy framework.
Described sunshade unit side structure is at least four sections of meander line structure, and two adjacent facades are provided with folding type aluminum alloy framework, and the space after the unlatching of two folding type aluminum alloy frameworks is adjacent.
The lateral frame of described steel structure frame is the multistage meander line structure being connected to form by multiple steel columns, and multistage meander line structure is by being supported and fixed on the reinforced concrete structure of building;Connected the frame body forming steel structure frame by cross bar between two lateral frames.
Described shutter device includes fixed and rotary.
Fixed shutter device is set on described fixed aluminum alloy frame, folding type aluminum alloy framework is provided with rotary shutter device and fixed shutter device.
Also including controlling folding driving device and the automatic control system of rotary shutter device, described automatic control system includes temperature and luminance sensor and PLC;Described temperature and luminance sensor are arranged on steel structure frame the temperature in Real-time Collection building and brightness, described temperature and luminance sensor, driving means and rotary shutter device and are connected with PLC.
Described folding driving device is hydraulic pump, electronic support, air spring or actuating device.
The structural attachments of sunshading board structure is provided with caulking gum.
Compared with prior art, this utility model has the advantages that
This utility model is made up of multiple sunshade unit being disposed in parallel on building outer wall, and steel structure frame arranges aluminum alloy frame and shutter device, it is possible to abundant building shape-designing, lifting building overall quality.The open and close of folding type aluminum alloy framework automatically adjust unlatching scope and the area of sunshade according to the requirement of indoor temperature, intensity of solar radiation and Interior Illumination Environment, reach preferable energy-saving effect.Rotary shutter device is for the light regulation of little scope.
Further, sunshade unit side structure is multistage meander line structure so that it is facade structures is various, and irregular structure is integrally formed, and i.e. reaches the effect of sunshade, can play again effect attractive in appearance.
Further, the space of the unlatching of two folding aluminum alloy frames is adjacent, to increase the incident space of sunlight, carries out large-area incident ray regulation.
Further, sun-shading louver sheet is linked to be a unit by BAIYE drive link by rotary shutter device, it is only necessary to an electro-motor can be realized as the rotation of whole shutter device.
Further, automatically control the purpose being to be capable of automatically controlling, it is achieved that fully-automated synthesis, feed back and control, change manpower and control inaccurate drawback.Sunshading board structure can be adjusted according to the demand of the change of sun altitude and user, reach not only to meet sunshade requirement but also the effect of Interior Illumination Environment can be improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the elevational schematic view of this utility model shading system;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of this utility model sunshade unit;
Fig. 3 is that the side structure of this utility model shading system fixes schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that the side of this utility model shading system folds schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is this utility model transmission structures schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the sun-shading louver schematic diagram of this utility model shading system;
Fig. 7 is the cable control system schematic diagram of this utility model shading system;
Fig. 8 is the wireless control system schematic diagram of this utility model shading system.
Wherein: 100 is folding sunshade unit;101 is low-rise building;102 is high-rise;200 is steel structure frame;201 is reinforced concrete structure;202 is steel column;203 is cross bar;300 is aluminum alloy frame;301 is hinge;302 is the first aluminum alloy frame;303 is stopping means and self-locking device;304 is track;305 is the second aluminum alloy frame;400 is actuating device;401 is steel wire rope;402 is torsion spring;403 is hydraulic motor;404 is power transmission shaft;405 is lifting wheel;500 is shutter device;501 is rotary sun-shading louver;502 is electro-motor;503 is fixed sun-shading louver;504 is sun-shading louver sheet;505 is rotating shaft core;506 is BAIYE drive link;507 is BAIYE fixed mount;508 connect seat for push rod;601 is touch screen;602 is temperature and brightness sensor;603 is PLC;604 is cable;605 is switch;606 is EthCAT Microsecond grade bus;607 is sunshade motor;608 is distributed I/O unit;701 is wireless module;702 is electric wire;703 wireless distributed controllers.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to the drawings, provide detailed description of the invention of the present utility model, this utility model is described further.
As it is shown in figure 1, this utility model one building external shade structures, being arranged on the front of bottom building 102, this shading system is for blocking the sunny slope of building 102, and bottom building 102 is connected with high-rise 101.Shading system includes multiple sunshade unit 100 being set up in parallel, and sunshade unit 100 is fixed and/or folding sunshade unit.
As in figure 2 it is shown, sunshade unit 100 includes steel structure frame 200, aluminum alloy frame 300, actuating device 400 and shutter device 500;Steel structure frame 200 is connected with reinforced concrete structure 201, and aluminum alloy frame 300 is arranged on steel structure frame 200, and shutter device 500 is arranged on aluminum alloy frame 300.Actuating device 400 is arranged between aluminum alloy frame 300 and steel structure frame 200, for folding and opening the first aluminum alloy frame 302 and the second aluminum alloy frame 305 being articulated and connected.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the bottom surface of multiple sunshade unit 100 is plane and concordant setting, its end face is connected with bottom building 102 higher than bottom building 102 by supporting or is connected with skyscraper 101 by cross bar, and its inside top surface is obliquely installed to bottom building 101.The top of multiple sunshade unit 100 and the height on surface are the most different, form irregular arrangement.
As shown in Figure 3, steel structure frame 200 includes end face, bottom surface, front and two side composition frame bodies, lateral frame is the multistage meander line structure being connected to form by multiple steel columns 202, and is fixedly mounted on the raw steel tendon concrete structure 201 of building 102 by support, plays a supportive role;Connected by cross bar 203 between two lateral frames and form frame body, be used for aluminum alloy frame 300 and shutter device 500 are installed.Wherein, end face, bottom surface and front are provided with aluminum alloy frame 300, and are provided with shutter device 500.The aluminum alloy frame 300 arranged on the steel structure frame 200 in front is folding structure.
As shown in Figure 4, aluminum alloy frame 300 is arranged on steel structure frame 200, aluminum alloy frame 200 is installed shutter device 500, for sunshade.Folding aluminum alloy frame is by the first aluminum alloy frame 302 and the second aluminum alloy frame 305 is hinged constitutes;First aluminum alloy frame 302 is hinged on steel structure frame 200, and first aluminum alloy frame 302 be provided with actuating device 400 with steel structure frame 200 hinged place, second aluminum alloy frame 305 is slidably connected with the aluminum alloy rail 304 being arranged on steel structure frame 200 by roller, and is provided with stopping means and self-locking device 303 on aluminum alloy rail 304.When actuating device 400 drives the second aluminum alloy frame 305 to move along aluminum alloy rail 304, the first aluminum alloy frame 302 and the second aluminum alloy frame 305 produce and fold, and carry out spacing and locking by stopping means and self-locking device 303.
Wherein, steel structure frame at least four face, its facade at least two face, two adjacent faces are provided with folding aluminum alloy frame, and the space of the unlatching of two folding aluminum alloy frames is adjacent.To increase the incident space of sunlight.
Being provided with the aluminum alloy frame 300 of shutter device 500 to be laid on completely on described steel structure frame 200 and realize whole sunshade, actuating device 400 drives that folding aluminum alloy frame 300 is folded against realizes local sunshade.
As it is shown in figure 5, described actuating device 400 includes power transmission shaft 404, lifting wheel 405, hydraulic motor 403, plating Dacroment torsion spring 402 and steel wire rope 402 etc..In the middle part of power transmission shaft 404 hinged with aluminum alloy frame, both sides are provided with lifting wheel 405 and are fixed with steel structure frame 200 by lifting wheel 405, are provided with rustless steel steel wire rope 401 in lifting wheel 405, the roller connection of the free end of steel wire rope 401 and the second aluminum alloy frame 305.Being provided with hydraulic motor 403 in the middle part of power transmission shaft 404, power transmission shaft 404 is provided with plating Dacroment torsion spring 402, plating Dacroment torsion spring 402 one end is fixed with steel structure frame 200, and the other end is fixed with power transmission shaft 404.
Actuating device 400 is set to full-length, can splice freely for different aluminum alloy frames 300.
Its operation principle is: hydraulic motor 403 drives power transmission shaft 404 to rotate, torsion spring 402 accumulation of energy, lifting wheel 405 rotates and makes steel wire rope 401 be wound around free end shortening, and then second aluminum alloy frame 305 move along track to the first aluminum alloy frame 302, the first aluminum alloy frame 302 and the second aluminum alloy frame 305 realize folding.When hydraulic motor 403 quits work, stopping means and self-locking device 303 are opened, and release energy at torsion spring 402, and the second aluminum alloy frame 305 moves along track away from the first aluminum alloy frame 302, and the first aluminum alloy frame 302 and the second aluminum alloy frame 305 realize opening.
As shown in Figure 6, described aluminum alloy frame 300 is installed shutter device 500.Described shutter device 500 includes fixed 503 and rotary 501.Rotary 501 include that electro-motor 502, sun-shading louver sheet 504, rotating shaft core 505, BAIYE drive link 506, BAIYE fixed mount 507 and push rod connect seat 508.Rotatable metallic louvre blade 504 is fixed between aluminum alloy frame 300 by sharf 505, with BAIYE drive link 506, the end of every rotatable metallic louvre blade 504 being linked to be a unit, electro-motor 502 is connected seat 508 with the push rod on BAIYE drive link 506 and connects.BAIYE is driven to realize upset with electro-motor 502.
See Fig. 7, automatic control system of the present utility model, the open area of architectural shading can be automatically adjusted according to the requirement of indoor temperature, intensity of solar radiation and Interior Illumination Environment, find out the optimal open area ratio of this shading system under different situations, and each piece of sunshading board and the running of sun-shading louver can be controlled accurately and efficiently.This automatic control system includes touch screen 601, PLC 603, EthCAT Microsecond grade bus 606, switch 605, distributed I/O unit 608, sunshade motor 607, PLC 603 connects and has touch screen 601, temperature and luminance sensor 602 and switch 605, temperature that temperature and luminance sensor 602 are arranged on aluminum alloy frame 300 in Real-time Collection building 102 and brightness, and signal is fed back to PLC 602, with design temperature and brightness ratio relatively, the regulation of sunshade unit and the regulation of shutter are carried out as desired.PLC 602 sends a command to switch 605, switch 605 connects each sunshade motor 607 by EthCAT Microsecond grade bus 606, described distributed I/O unit 608 is arranged on sunshade motor 607 and controls in box, and then controls the work of sunshade motor 607 and collect the data feedback of temperature and luminance sensor 602 to PLC 603.
As shown in Figure 8, automatic control system can also be for wireless connections, touch screen 601 and PLC 603, and the PLC 603 wireless module 701 firing order by wireless distributed controller 703 controls the wireless module 701 of sunshade motor 607.
It addition, structural attachments of the present utility model is provided with caulking gum, select ethylene propylene diene rubber.The enabling relative altitude folding aluminum alloy frame is 4500mm, and the speed of opened/closed is 60, the mm/ second.Operating temperature is-20~70 DEG C.It is 9 grades that Wind-Pressure Resistance requires.H profile steel load bearing beam 80kgf/m on steel structure frame 2002
The control action of Motorized blind, each sunshading board i.e. can run with monolithic, it is also possible to is programmed running according to customer requirement.When BAIYE is run, sunshade unit is in home position.When sunshade unit is run, BAIYE need to return to the position that home position, i.e. BAIYE do not rotate, to prevent accident.
Actuating device of the present utility model can also use the supporting constructions such as hydraulic pump, electronic support or air spring to realize.
Above content is to combine concrete preferred implementation further detailed description of the utility model; it cannot be assumed that detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is only limitted to this; for this utility model person of an ordinary skill in the technical field; without departing from the concept of the premise utility; some simple deduction or replace can also be made, all should be considered as belonging to this utility model and be determined scope of patent protection by the claims submitted to.

Claims (10)

1. a building external shade structures, it is characterized in that: include multiple sunshade unit (100) being disposed in parallel on building (102) outer wall, described sunshade unit (100) includes steel structure frame (200) and is provided with the aluminum alloy frame (300) of shutter device (500);Described steel structure frame (200) is fixed on building (102) outer wall, and described aluminum alloy frame (300) is arranged on steel structure frame (200);Described aluminum alloy frame (300) includes fixed and collapsible, is provided with folding driving device between folding type aluminum alloy framework and steel structure frame (200);Being provided with the aluminum alloy frame (300) of shutter device (500) to be laid on completely on steel structure frame (200) and realize whole sunshade, folding driving device drives folding type aluminum alloy framework to open and realizes local sunshade.
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sunshade unit (100) side structure is multistage meander line structure, and each sunshade unit (100) all includes an end face, a bottom surface and multiple sun face;The irregular of multiple sunshade unit (100) is arranged on building (102) outer wall, and the sun face structure of each sunshade unit and apical side height are the most different.
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the end face of described sunshade unit (100) and bottom surface arrange fixed aluminum alloy frame, the sun face of sunshade unit (100) is provided with fixed and/or folding type aluminum alloy framework.
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described sunshade unit (100) side structure is at least four sections of meander line structure, being provided with folding type aluminum alloy framework on two adjacent facades, the space after the unlatching of two folding type aluminum alloy frameworks is adjacent.
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the lateral frame of described steel structure frame (200) is the multistage meander line structure being connected to form by multiple steel columns (202), multistage meander line structure is by being supported and fixed on the reinforced concrete structure (201) of building (102);Connected the frame body forming steel structure frame (200) by cross bar (203) between two lateral frames.
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described shutter device (500) includes fixed and rotary.
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: fixed shutter device is set on described fixed aluminum alloy frame, folding type aluminum alloy framework is provided with rotary shutter device and fixed shutter device.
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: also including controlling folding driving device and the automatic control system of rotary shutter device, described automatic control system includes temperature and luminance sensor (602) and PLC (603);Described temperature and luminance sensor (602) are arranged on the upper temperature being used in Real-time Collection building (102) of steel structure frame (200) and brightness, described temperature and luminance sensor (602), driving means and rotary shutter device are connected with PLC (603).
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described folding driving device is hydraulic pump, electronic support, air spring or actuating device (400).
A kind of building external shade structures the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the structural attachments of sunshading board structure is provided with caulking gum.
CN201620231176.2U 2016-03-23 2016-03-23 Construct outside sunshade structure Active CN205532185U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105781042A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-20 中联西北工程设计研究院有限公司 Foldable external sun-shading system of building

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105781042A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-20 中联西北工程设计研究院有限公司 Foldable external sun-shading system of building

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