CN205491781U - Seed melon harvester - Google Patents

Seed melon harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205491781U
CN205491781U CN201620324091.9U CN201620324091U CN205491781U CN 205491781 U CN205491781 U CN 205491781U CN 201620324091 U CN201620324091 U CN 201620324091U CN 205491781 U CN205491781 U CN 205491781U
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China
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seed
breaker
roller
dagua
melon
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CN201620324091.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈政
丁国银
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Shihezi Guangxing Materials Co Ltd
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Shihezi Guangxing Materials Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural machine and specifically relates to a seed melon harvester that seed melon crops such as a kind of watermelon carry out harvester. A seed melon harvester, it is main includes total frame, walking wheel, drive mechanism, is still including connecting the draw gear in total frame, kind of watermelon breaker, pickup attachment, seed skin separator, locate total frame of kind of watermelon breaker one side on, be used for with kind of watermelon after the breakage of kind of watermelon breaker carries out seed, skin, flesh separation, the cleaning plant for carry seed skin separator, clean through the kind of watermelon seed of seed skin after -separating, the device gathers materials. The utility model relates to a rational in infrastructure, economical and practical, the operation in coordination of each subunit for breakage, seed skin or seed flesh separate, clean effectual, as can to improve complete machine kind of watermelon results efficiency greatly seed melon harvester.

Description

Seed watermelon cropper
Technical field
This utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, a kind of seed watermelon cropper carrying out mechanical harvest for seed melon crops such as DAGUA.
Background technology
The crops of seed watermelon class such as DAGUA is relatively broad at Xinjiang region planting range, and the harvest time of DAGUA is the most consistent with the harvest time of the kharif such as Cotton Gossypii, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, and the recruitment so causing peasants and workers is nervous;If with manually gathering in the crops DAGUA, wasted time and energy, efficiency of crop is low, in order to improve the results labor efficiency of DAGUA, the most progressively utilizes seed watermelon harvest machinery to instead of artificial results.Seed watermelon harvest machinery has generally comprised: frame, the pick-up unit being connected in frame, it is capable of transporting the breaker of broken DAGUA, it is capable of seed peel segregation apparatus that DAGUA takes off seed, seed peel separates etc., when operation, pick up the DAGUA on pick-up unit to be transported to breaker and crush, then enter back into de-seed segregation apparatus and carry out seed peel or the separation of seed flesh, finally the clean seed obtained is collected, thus completes DAGUA from ground, pick up the whole mechanical harvest process of grain harvest.
Seed watermelon harvest machinery of the prior art is in use, there is deficiency: pick-up unit is during picking up, melon seedling can be brought up, the melon seedling brought up is in DAGUA shattering process, can be wrapped on breaker and affect crushing effect, and existing breaker is in use, it is possible to DAGUA skin is beaten the most broken, it is unfavorable for that follow-up seed peel separates, increases difficulty and workload that seed peel separates.
Existing seed watermelon harvest machinery, needs each functional part collaborative work, and the work efficiency of a portion functional part is low, will affect the work efficiency of whole harvest machinery so that the work efficiency of complete machine reduces.So in the development process to complete machine, can consider that the duty of each workpiece reaches optimal, the work efficiency of such guarantee complete machine.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, economical and practical, each sub-unit work compound so that broken, seed peel or seed flesh separate, clean effective, can be greatly improved complete machine DAGUA efficiency of crop seed watermelon cropper.
The utility model discloses a kind of seed watermelon cropper, mainly include total frame 1, road wheel 11, drive mechanism, it is characterised in that also include:
Be connected in total frame 1 traction apparatus 13, its front end is provided with the connection end 13-4 for being connected with traction power locomotive;
DAGUA breaker 3, is arranged at the rear end of traction apparatus 13, for being crushed by the whole melon of input;
Pick-up unit 9, is liftably arranged at the rear end of DAGUA breaker 3, including collecting reel 10 and be located on collecting reel 10 pick up tooth 8;DAGUA breaker 3 is arranged over the transfer station 2 of band comb, and under the rotation of described collecting reel 10, described collecting reel 10 can carry DAGUA and enter DAGUA breaker 3 from communicated 2, the top of DAGUA breaker 3;
Seed peel segregation apparatus 7, is located in total frame 1 of DAGUA breaker 3 side, and the DAGUA after being crushed by described DAGUA breaker 3 carries out seed, skin, flesh separation;
Cleaning plant 14, cleans for seed-melon seed that carried by seed peel segregation apparatus 7, after seed peel separates;
Material-gathering device, the clean seed after cleaning for being sent by cleaning plant 14 carries out conveying and collects.
nullAs preferably,The concrete structure of described DAGUA breaker 3,Including breaker frame 3-1、Breaker drive mechanism 3-7,It is characterized in that breaker frame 3-1 is provided with uncovered tank 3-2,It is provided with Auger 3-3 in described uncovered tank 3-2,It is provided with on rear side of the transporting direction of Auger 3-3 and cuts melon roller 3-5,Breaker roll 3-6 it is provided with on rear side of the transporting direction cutting melon roller 3-5,Described melon roller 3-5 structure of cutting comprises roller A3-8,Along the circumferential direction interlock on roller A3-8 and be interval with multiple shortened cutting blade 3-9,Described breaker roll 3-6 structure comprises roller B3-10,Axially spaced on roller B3-10 it is provided with multiple strip blade 3-11,Described cut melon roller 3-5 be arranged over weeding frame 3-4,Multiple vertical cutter sheet 3-12 it is interval with on weeding frame 3-4,The described vertical cutter sheet 3-12 edge of a knife downwardly cuts melon roller 3-5.
As preferably, described cuts shortened cutting blade 3-9 set on melon roller 3-5, is shaped as cuboid laminated structure;The described vertical cutter sheet 3-12 set by weeding frame 3-4, is shaped as lower section with pointed teeth structure.
As preferably, the concrete structure of described seed peel segregation apparatus 7, including segregation apparatus frame 7-1, segregation apparatus drive mechanism, it is characterized in that segregation apparatus frame 7-1 is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2, it is provided with seed outlet 7-6 below described Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2, it is provided with separation barrel in described Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2, described separation barrel structure comprises roller 7-3, central rotating shaft 7-5, floating rule 7-4, described central rotating shaft 7-5 is connected in segregation apparatus frame 7-1 by bearing, described floating rule 7-4 is multiple, is arranged at intervals on central rotating shaft 7-5 outer wall;Floating rule 7-4 and central rotating shaft 7-5 rotates under the drive of central rotating shaft drive mechanism 7-11;
Described roller 7-3 is cylindric, and barrel is provided with small opening 7-10, and barrel is additionally provided with charging aperture 7-8;Being set on bearing 7-9 on described central rotating shaft 7-5, described roller 7-3 rear end is uncovered 7-14, and roller 7-3 is fixed in segregation apparatus frame 7-1 and does not rotates;
In described Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2 and be positioned at the lower section of described roller 7-3, being provided with conveying Auger 7-12, described conveying Auger 7-12 rotates under the drive of Auger drive mechanism 7-7.
As preferably, small opening 7-10 set on described roller 7-3 is shaped as elongate aperture, elliptical hole, circular hole or diamond hole.
As preferably, described floating rule 7-4 is shaped as " ", " ∪ " or " [" shape;The described floating rule 7-4 forward and backward pad on central rotating shaft 7-5 same axially on or not same axially on.
As preferably, the structure of described traction apparatus 13 includes connecting plate 13-1, connector 13-2, connects end 13-4, described connecting plate 13-1 is located at connector 13-2 rear end, which is provided with bolt hole, it is connected for fixing with total frame, described connector 13-2 is hollow cone, and the top panel gap of connector 13-2 is provided with multiple elliptical aperture 13-3, and connector 13-2 front end is provided with connection end 13-4.This utility model selects above-mentioned hitch structure, not only alleviates the weight of traction apparatus self, and when being connected with total frame, position is relatively flexible, can traction apparatus be installed on the different position of total frame according to actual needs.
As preferably, described cleaning plant 14, its structure includes the scourclean that the seed outlet 7-7 with seed peel segregation apparatus 7 is connected, described scourclean structure comprises cylindric screen drum 14-1, screen drum 14-1 is provided with mesh 14-2, is provided with screen drum rotating shaft 14-3 in screen drum 14-1, is one section at screen drum rotating shaft 14-3 leading portion and transports Auger 14-5, staggered on the back segment outer wall of screen drum rotating shaft 14-3 it be provided with polylith scraper plate 14-4, described screen drum 14-1 and be provided with discharging opening 14-6.Described leading portion is one section and transports Auger 14-5, transferring out of the seed in wash bowl, the polylith scraper plate 14-4 that outer wall is crisscross arranged, and by little melon skin subsidiary in seed and flesh, profit scraper plate is extruded from mesh 14-2 by force, it is ensured that the percentage of impurity of clean seed is less.
As preferably, described road wheel 11 and total frame 1 are for removably connecting, and its structure is to fix bolt 11-1 by fixed plate 11-2, " u "-shaped the axis 11-3 of road wheel is fixed on total frame 1 bottom.Utilize the mode that removably connects of road wheel 11 and total frame 1, the installation site of road wheel and total frame can be changed, it is also possible to the installation quantity of increase road wheel according to complete machine weight be actually needed.
As preferably, described material-gathering device, its structure includes elevator Auger 6, seed-collecting bucket 4, is provided with clean seed transport tube 5 between described elevator Auger 6 and seed-collecting bucket 4, and the feeding mouth below described elevator Auger 6 is connected with the discharging opening 14-6 of described scourclean.
Gear, chain drive can be passed through, it is also possible to completed by other modes being capable of transmission in prior art for moving the described drive mechanism into input.
Operation principle of the present utility model:
Seed watermelon of the present utility model results complete machine, utilize and drive traveling under power vehicle traction, in work, under the rotation of described collecting reel 10, whole for DAGUA melon is picked up and is provoked by DAGUA pick-up unit, whole melon is scraped the uncovered tank falling into DAGUA breaker from the transfer station 2 of top band comb, carried backward by Auger, when DAGUA is admitted to cut below melon roller, cutting melon roller to be cut into large slices by whole melon, the broken melon after described DAGUA breaker 3 crushes enters back into seed peel segregation apparatus 7 and carries out seed, skin, flesh separation;Seed-melon seed after seed outlet seed peel out separates enters back into cleaning plant 14, and seed-melon seed that carried by seed peel segregation apparatus 7 again, after seed peel separates is cleaned;Seed-melon seed after cleaning enters elevator Auger 6 through discharging opening 14-6 and is delivered up, and enters seed-collecting bucket 4 through clean seed transport tube 5 and is collected.
Described DAGUA breaker, for completing breaker's work energy parts of the whole melon of DAGUA.In work, provoke when DAGUA is picked up by DAGUA pick-up unit, DAGUA falls into uncovered tank 3-2 from top, carried backward by Auger, when DAGUA is admitted to cut below melon roller 3-5, cut melon roller 3-5 to be cut into large slices by whole melon, set up, by the weeding above it, weeds, the melon seedling having vertical cutter sheet 3-12 to be come by band to interrupt, the DAGUA cut into large slices sends into the lower section of breaker roll 3-6 backward, the DAGUA extruding chopping that will be cut into large slices by breaker roll 3-6 again, it is cut into the fragment of about 10cm size, this completes the broken work of the whole melon of DAGUA.
Described DAGUA breaker, subsidiary melon seedling can be interrupted in DAGUA shattering process in time, do not result in winding and affect crushing effect, overcome the deficiency that DAGUA skin is in use beaten the most broken by existing breaker, the DAGUA extruding chopping that will be cut into large slices by breaker roll 3-6, it is cut into the fragment of about 10cm size, is beneficial to improve the work efficiency of follow-up seed peel mask work, thus substantially increases results quality and the work efficiency of whole harvester for seedling-watermelon.
Described seed peel segregation apparatus: according to actual needs, the structure of described segregation apparatus drive mechanism can realize by driving motor, travelling gear, driving chain, the most cost-effective, easy to maintenance.
Described seed peel segregation apparatus, has been the key feature of DAGUA seed peel mask work.In work, when DAGUA is after breaker is broken, roller 7-3 is entered through charging aperture 7-8, under central rotating shaft drives the agitation of floating rule, seed-melon seed leaks down from the small opening of roller, being promoted to be discharged by seed outlet 7-6 by conveying Auger and be collected, the big melon skin and the melon pulp that can leak in roller 7-3 are dished out by the uncovered 7-14 of rear end.In the middle of actual enforcement, the front end of roller 7-3 is closed, and rear end utilizes support 7-13 to play a supporting role, and between support, space is relatively big, constitutes uncovered 7-14, outwards dishes out for melon skin and melon pulp.
Compared with prior art, described seed peel segregation apparatus, match with anterior breaker, can be by the seed watermelon after crushing and melon skin, melon pulp mixture, sharp separation under the agitation of floating rule, if the crushing effect of early stage is fine, i.e. melon skin is beaten not to be the most broken, it is of moderate size, in separation process, separate relatively abundant, in actual cut operation process between melon seed with melon skin and melon pulp, the work efficiency that so seed peel separates can increase, thus substantially increases results quality and the work efficiency of whole harvester for seedling-watermelon.
This utility model is rational in infrastructure, utilize be installed in total frame pick-up unit 9, DAGUA breaker 3, seed peel segregation apparatus 7, the coordinated operation of cleaning plant 14, complete the picking up of DAGUA, crush, seed peel separates, clean, the line production such as gather materials, broken, seed peel or seed flesh separate, clean effective, can be greatly improved complete machine work efficiency, be a kind of meet that be actually needed, can large-scale popularization be that use, economical and practical seed watermelon cropper.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is this utility model complete machine perspective view in an embodiment.
Fig. 2 is this utility model complete machine main TV structure schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Fig. 3 is this utility model complete machine plan structure schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Fig. 4 is this utility model complete machine left view structural representation in an embodiment.
Fig. 5 is this utility model complete machine right TV structure schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Shown in figure: 1 is total frame, 2 is transfer station, and 3 is DAGUA breaker, 4 is seed-collecting bucket, and 5 is clean seed transport tube, and 6 is elevator Auger, 7 is seed peel segregation apparatus, 8 for picking up tooth, and 9 is pick-up unit, and 10 is collecting reel, 11 is road wheel, 12 is hoist cylinder, and 13 is traction apparatus, and 14 is cleaning plant.
Fig. 6 is this utility model DAGUA breaker 3 main TV structure schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Fig. 7 is this utility model DAGUA breaker 3 plan structure schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that melon roller cut by this utility model DAGUA breaker 3.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of this utility model DAGUA breaker 3 breaker roll.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of this utility model DAGUA breaker 3 weeding frame.
Shown in figure: 3-1 is breaker frame, 3-2 is uncovered tank, and 3-3 is Auger, and 3-4 is weeding frame, 3-5 is for cutting melon roller, and 3-6 is breaker roll, and 3-7 is breaker drive mechanism, and 3-8 is roller A, 3-9 is shortened cutting blade, and 3-10 is roller B, and 3-11 is strip blade, and 3-12 is vertical cutter sheet.
Figure 11 is this utility model seed peel segregation apparatus main TV structure schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Figure 12 is the plan structure schematic diagram in A-A direction in Figure 11.
Figure 13 is the plan structure schematic diagram in B-B direction in Figure 11.
Figure 14 is the plan structure schematic diagram in the embodiment of floating rule position relationship in A-A direction in this utility model Figure 11.
Figure 15 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of this utility model seed peel another embodiment of segregation apparatus.
Figure 16 is the plan structure schematic diagram of floating rule position relationship in seed peel segregation apparatus in C-C direction in this utility model Figure 15.
Shown in figure: 7-1 is segregation apparatus frame, 7-2 is Material collecting box for harvesting, and 7-3 is roller, 7-4 is floating rule, rotating shaft centered by 7-5, and 7-6 is seed outlet, 7-7 is Auger drive mechanism, 7-8 is charging aperture, and 7-9 is bearing, and 7-10 is small opening, rotation shaft driving mechanism centered by 7-11,7-12 is conveying Auger, and 7-13 is support, and 7-14 is uncovered.
Figure 17 is this utility model traction apparatus perspective view in an embodiment.
Figure 18 is this utility model traction apparatus main TV structure schematic diagram in an embodiment.
Figure 19 is the plan structure schematic diagram of traction apparatus in Figure 17.
Figure 20 is traction apparatus left view structural representation in Figure 17.
Shown in figure: 13-1 is connecting plate, 13-2 be connector, 13-3 be elliptical aperture, 13-4 is for connecting end.
This utility model cleaning plant perspective view in Figure 21.
Figure 22 is screen drum rotating shaft structural representation in an embodiment in this utility model cleaning plant.
Figure 23 is screen drum rotating shaft plan structure schematic diagram in this utility model cleaning plant.
Figure 24 is screen drum rotating shaft right TV structure schematic diagram in this utility model cleaning plant.
Shown in figure: 14-1 is screen drum, 14-2 is mesh, and 14-3 is screen drum rotating shaft, and 14-4 is scraper plate, and 14-5 is for transporting Auger, and 14-6 is discharging opening.
Figure 25 is this utility model road wheel perspective view.
Figure 26 is this utility model road wheel main TV structure schematic diagram.
Shown in figure: 11-1 is that " u "-shaped fixes bolt, and 11-2 is fixed plate, and 11-3 is axis.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1 Fig. 5, structural representation for this utility model embodiment, a kind of seed watermelon cropper, its structure mainly includes total frame 1, road wheel 11, drive mechanism, also include: be connected in total frame 1 traction apparatus 13, its front end is provided with the connection end 13-4 for being connected with traction power locomotive;
DAGUA breaker 3, is arranged at the rear end of traction apparatus 13, for being crushed by the whole melon of input;
Pick-up unit 9, is liftably arranged at the rear end of DAGUA breaker 3, including collecting reel 10 and be located on collecting reel 10 pick up tooth 8;DAGUA breaker 3 is arranged over the transfer station 2 of band comb, and under the rotation of described collecting reel 10, described collecting reel 10 can carry DAGUA and enter DAGUA breaker 3 from communicated 2, the top of DAGUA breaker 3;
Seed peel segregation apparatus 7, is located in total frame 1 of DAGUA breaker 3 side, and the DAGUA after being crushed by described DAGUA breaker 3 carries out seed, skin, flesh separation;
Cleaning plant 14, cleans for seed-melon seed that carried by seed peel segregation apparatus 7, after seed peel separates;
Material-gathering device, the clean seed after cleaning for being sent by cleaning plant 14 carries out conveying and collects.
nullWith reference to Fig. 6 Figure 10,The concrete structure of described DAGUA breaker 3,Including breaker frame 3-1、Breaker drive mechanism 3-7,It is characterized in that breaker frame 3-1 is provided with uncovered tank 3-2,It is provided with Auger 3-3 in described uncovered tank 3-2,It is provided with on rear side of the transporting direction of Auger 3-3 and cuts melon roller 3-5,Breaker roll 3-6 it is provided with on rear side of the transporting direction cutting melon roller 3-5,Described melon roller 3-5 structure of cutting comprises roller A3-8,Along the circumferential direction interlock on roller A3-8 and be interval with multiple shortened cutting blade 3-9,Described breaker roll 3-6 structure comprises roller B3-10,Axially spaced on roller B3-10 it is provided with multiple strip blade 3-11,Described cut melon roller 3-5 be arranged over weeding frame 3-4,Multiple vertical cutter sheet 3-12 it is interval with on weeding frame 3-4,The described vertical cutter sheet 3-12 edge of a knife downwardly cuts melon roller 3-5.
With reference to Figure 11 Figure 16, the concrete structure of described seed peel segregation apparatus 7, including segregation apparatus frame 7-1, segregation apparatus drive mechanism, it is characterized in that segregation apparatus frame 7-1 is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2, it is provided with seed outlet 7-6 below described Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2, it is provided with separation barrel in described Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2, described separation barrel structure comprises roller 7-3, central rotating shaft 7-5, floating rule 7-4, described central rotating shaft 7-5 is connected in segregation apparatus frame 7-1 by bearing, described floating rule 7-4 is multiple, is arranged at intervals on central rotating shaft 7-5 outer wall;Floating rule 7-4 and central rotating shaft 7-5 rotates under the drive of central rotating shaft drive mechanism 7-11;
Described roller 7-3 is cylindric, and barrel is provided with small opening 7-10, small opening 7-10 and is shaped as elongate aperture, barrel is additionally provided with charging aperture 7-8;Being set on bearing 7-9 on described central rotating shaft 7-5, described roller 7-3 rear end is uncovered 7-14, and roller 7-3 is fixed in segregation apparatus frame 7-1 and does not rotates;In the middle of actual enforcement, the front end of roller 7-3 is closed, and rear end utilizes support 7-13 to play a supporting role, and between support, space is relatively big, constitutes uncovered 7-14, outwards dishes out for melon skin and melon pulp.
In described Material collecting box for harvesting 7-2 and be positioned at the lower section of described roller 7-3, being provided with conveying Auger 7-12, described conveying Auger 7-12 rotates under the drive of Auger drive mechanism 7-7.
Seed watermelon cropper complete machine in the present embodiment, utilizes and drives traveling under power vehicle traction, will the connection end of described traction apparatus be connected on traction power locomotive, just can over the ground in DAGUA carry out harvest operation.Described power vehicle can include tractor, little four-wheel etc., in work, DAGUA can be picked up in the middle of own rotation at described collecting reel 10, along with under the rotation of collecting reel, whole for DAGUA melon is picked up and is provoked by DAGUA pick-up unit, whole melon is scraped the uncovered tank falling into DAGUA breaker from the transfer station 2 of top band comb, carried backward by Auger, when DAGUA is admitted to cut below melon roller, cutting melon roller to be cut into large slices by whole melon, the broken melon after described DAGUA breaker 3 crushes enters back into seed peel segregation apparatus 7 and carries out seed, skin, flesh separation;Seed-melon seed after seed outlet seed peel out separates enters back into cleaning plant 14, and seed-melon seed that carried by seed peel segregation apparatus 7 again, after seed peel separates is cleaned;Seed-melon seed after cleaning enters elevator Auger 6 through discharging opening 14-6 and is delivered up, and enters seed-collecting bucket 4 through clean seed transport tube 5 and is collected.
Described DAGUA breaker, for completing breaker's work energy parts of the whole melon of DAGUA.In work, provoke when DAGUA is picked up by DAGUA pick-up unit, DAGUA falls into uncovered tank 3-2 from top, carried backward by Auger, when DAGUA is admitted to cut below melon roller 3-5, cut melon roller 3-5 to be cut into large slices by whole melon, set up, by the weeding above it, weeds, the melon seedling having vertical cutter sheet 3-12 to be come by band to interrupt, the DAGUA cut into large slices sends into the lower section of breaker roll 3-6 backward, the DAGUA extruding chopping that will be cut into large slices by breaker roll 3-6 again, it is cut into the fragment of about 10cm size, this completes the broken work of the whole melon of DAGUA.Described DAGUA breaker, subsidiary melon seedling can be interrupted in DAGUA shattering process in time, do not result in winding and affect crushing effect, overcome the deficiency that DAGUA skin is in use beaten the most broken by existing breaker, be beneficial to improve the work efficiency of follow-up seed peel mask work.
Described seed peel segregation apparatus, has been the key feature of DAGUA seed peel mask work.In work, when DAGUA is after breaker is broken, roller 7-3 is entered through charging aperture 7-8, under central rotating shaft drives the agitation of floating rule, seed-melon seed leaks down from the small opening of roller, being promoted to be discharged by seed outlet 7-6 by conveying Auger and be collected, the big melon skin and the melon pulp that can leak in roller 7-3 are dished out by the uncovered 7-14 of rear end.Described seed peel segregation apparatus, match with anterior breaker, can be by the seed watermelon after crushing and melon skin, melon pulp mixture, sharp separation under the agitation of floating rule, if the crushing effect of early stage is fine, is of moderate size, in separation process, separating relatively abundant between melon seed with melon skin and melon pulp, in actual cut operation process, the work efficiency that such seed peel separates can improve.Seed watermelon cropper in the present embodiment, utilize be installed in total frame pick-up unit 9, DAGUA breaker 3, seed peel segregation apparatus 7, the coordinated operation of cleaning plant 14, complete the picking up of DAGUA, crush, seed peel separates, clean, the line production such as gather materials, broken, seed peel or seed flesh separate, clean effective, can be greatly improved complete machine work efficiency.
Embodiment 2:
Referring to the drawings 7 Figure 10, compared with Example 1, the present embodiment difference place is: the shortened cutting blade 3-9 set by cutting melon roller 3-5 in described DAGUA breaker, is shaped as cuboid laminated structure;The described vertical cutter sheet 3-12 set by weeding frame 3-4, is shaped as lower section with pointed teeth structure.
Embodiment 3:
13-14 referring to the drawings, compared with Example 1, the present embodiment difference place is: small opening 7-10 set on described roller 7-3 is shaped as elliptical hole.Described floating rule 7-4 is shaped as " " shape.
Embodiment 4:
Referring to the drawings 15, Figure 16, compared with Example 3, the present embodiment difference place is: the small opening 7-10 set by described roller 7-3 on is shaped as circular hole.Described floating rule 7-4 is shaped as ∪ " shape.The described floating rule 7-4 forward and backward pad on central rotating shaft 7-5 not same axially on.
Embodiment 5:
Compared with Example 4, the present embodiment difference place is: small opening 7-10 set on described roller 7-3 is shaped as diamond hole.
Described floating rule 7-4 is shaped as " [" shape.The described floating rule 7-4 forward and backward pad on central rotating shaft 7-5 same axially on.
Embodiment 6:
With reference to Figure 17-Figure 20, compared with Example 2, the present embodiment difference place is: the structure of described traction apparatus 13 includes connecting plate 13-1, connector 13-2, connects end 13-4, described connecting plate 13-1 is located at connector 13-2 rear end, which is provided with bolt hole, be connected for fixing with total frame, described connector 13-2 is hollow cone, the top panel gap of connector 13-2 is provided with multiple elliptical aperture 13-3, and connector 13-2 front end is provided with connection end 13-4.
Embodiment 7:
With reference to Figure 21-Figure 24, compared with Example 6, the present embodiment difference place is: described cleaning plant 14, its structure includes the scourclean that the seed outlet 7-6 with seed peel segregation apparatus 7 is connected, described scourclean structure comprises cylindric screen drum 14-1, screen drum 14-1 is provided with mesh 14-2, screen drum rotating shaft 14-3 it is provided with in screen drum 14-1, it is one section at screen drum rotating shaft 14-3 leading portion and transports Auger 14-5, staggered on the back segment outer wall of screen drum rotating shaft 14-3 it be provided with polylith scraper plate 14-4, described screen drum 14-1 and be provided with discharging opening 14-6.
Embodiment 8:
With reference to Figure 25-Figure 26, compared with Example 1, the present embodiment difference place is: described road wheel 11 and total frame 1 are for removably connecting, and its structure is to fix bolt 11-1 by fixed plate 11-2, " u "-shaped the axis 11-3 of road wheel is fixed on total frame 1 bottom.
Embodiment 9:
With reference to Figure 25-Figure 26, compared with Example 7, the present embodiment difference place is: described road wheel 11 and total frame 1 are for removably connecting, and its structure is to fix bolt 11-1 by fixed plate 11-2, " u "-shaped the axis 11-3 of road wheel is fixed on total frame 1 bottom.
Embodiment 10:
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, compared with Example 1, the present embodiment difference place is: described material-gathering device, its structure includes elevator Auger 6, seed-collecting bucket 4, being provided with clean seed transport tube 5 between described elevator Auger 6 and seed-collecting bucket 4, the feeding mouth below described elevator Auger 6 is connected with the discharging opening 14-6 of described scourclean.
Embodiment 11:
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, compared with Example 9, the present embodiment difference place is: described material-gathering device, its structure includes elevator Auger 6, seed-collecting bucket 4, being provided with clean seed transport tube 5 between described elevator Auger 6 and seed-collecting bucket 4, the feeding mouth below described elevator Auger 6 is connected with the discharging opening 14-6 of described scourclean.

Claims (10)

1. a seed watermelon cropper, mainly include total frame (1), road wheel (11), drive mechanism, characterized by further comprising: be connected in total frame (1) traction apparatus (13), its front end is provided with the connection end (13-4) for being connected with traction power locomotive;DAGUA breaker (3), is arranged at the rear end of traction apparatus (13), for being crushed by the whole melon of input;Pick-up unit (9), is liftably arranged at the rear end of DAGUA breaker (3), including collecting reel (10) and be located on collecting reel (10) pick up tooth (8);DAGUA breaker (3) is arranged over the transfer station (2) of band comb, under the rotation of described collecting reel (10), described collecting reel (10) can carry DAGUA and enter DAGUA breaker (3) from communicated of the top of DAGUA breaker (3) (2);Seed peel segregation apparatus (7), is located in total frame (1) of DAGUA breaker (3) side, and the DAGUA after described DAGUA breaker (3) being crushed carries out seed, skin, flesh separation;
Cleaning plant (14), cleans for seed-melon seed that seed peel segregation apparatus (7) conveying come, after seed peel separates;Material-gathering device, the clean seed after cleaning for being sent by cleaning plant (14) carries out conveying and collects.
null2. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 1,It is characterized in that the concrete structure of described DAGUA breaker (3),Including breaker frame (3-1)、Breaker drive mechanism (3-7),It is characterized in that breaker frame (3-1) is provided with uncovered tank (3-2),It is provided with Auger (3-3) in described uncovered tank (3-2),It is provided with on rear side of the transporting direction of Auger (3-3) and cuts melon roller (3-5),Breaker roll (3-6) it is provided with on rear side of the transporting direction cutting melon roller (3-5),Described melon roller (3-5) structure of cutting comprises roller A(3-8),Roller A(3-8) on along the circumferential direction staggered be interval with multiple shortened cutting blade (3-9),Described breaker roll (3-6) structure comprises roller B(3-10),Roller B(3-10) upper the most axially spaced it is provided with multiple strip blade (3-11),Described cut melon roller (3-5) be arranged over weeding frame (3-4),Multiple vertical cutter sheet (3-12) it is interval with on weeding frame (3-4),Described vertical cutter sheet (3-12) edge of a knife downwardly cuts melon roller (3-5).
3. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described cuts the upper set shortened cutting blade (3-9) of melon roller (3-5), is shaped as cuboid laminated structure;The described vertical cutter sheet (3-12) set by weeding frame (3-4), is shaped as lower section with pointed teeth structure.
4. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that the concrete structure of described seed peel segregation apparatus (7), including segregation apparatus frame (7-1), segregation apparatus drive mechanism, it is characterized in that segregation apparatus frame (7-1) is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting (7-2), it is provided with seed outlet (7-6) in described Material collecting box for harvesting (7-2) lower section, it is provided with separation barrel in described Material collecting box for harvesting (7-2), described separation barrel structure comprises roller (7-3), central rotating shaft (7-5), floating rule (7-4), described central rotating shaft (7-5) is connected in segregation apparatus frame (7-1) by bearing, described floating rule (7-4) is multiple, it is arranged at intervals on central rotating shaft (7-5) outer wall;Floating rule (7-4) and central rotating shaft (7-5) rotate under the drive of central rotating shaft drive mechanism (7-11);
Described roller (7-3) is cylindric, and barrel is provided with small opening (7-10), and barrel is additionally provided with charging aperture (7-8);Being set on described central rotating shaft (7-5) on bearing (7-9), described roller (7-3) rear end is uncovered (7-14), and roller (7-3) is fixed in segregation apparatus frame (7-1) and does not rotates;
In described Material collecting box for harvesting (7-2) and be positioned at the lower section of described roller (7-3), being provided with conveying Auger (7-12), described conveying Auger (7-12) rotates under the drive of Auger drive mechanism (7-7).
5. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the upper set small opening (7-10) of described roller (7-3) is shaped as elongate aperture, elliptical hole, circular hole or diamond hole.
6. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that described floating rule (7-4) be shaped as " ", " ∪ " or " [" shape;The described floating rule (7-4) forward and backward pad on central rotating shaft (7-5) same axially on or not same axially on.
7. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that the structure of described traction apparatus (13) includes connecting plate (13-1), connector (13-2), connects end (13-4), described connecting plate (13-1) is located at connector (13-2) rear end, which is provided with bolt hole, it is connected for fixing with total frame, described connector (13-2) is hollow cone, the top panel gap of connector (13-2) is provided with multiple elliptical aperture (13-3), and connector (13-2) front end is provided with connection end (13-4).
8. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that described cleaning plant (14), its structure includes the scourclean that the seed outlet (7-6) with seed peel segregation apparatus (7) is connected, described scourclean structure comprises cylindric screen drum (14-1), screen drum (14-1) is provided with mesh (14-2), screen drum rotating shaft (14-3) it is provided with in screen drum (14-1), it is one section at screen drum rotating shaft (14-3) leading portion and transports Auger (14-5), interlock on the back segment outer wall of screen drum rotating shaft (14-3) and be provided with polylith scraper plate (14-4), described screen drum (14-1) is provided with discharging opening (14-6).
9. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that described road wheel (11) and total frame (1) for removably connecting, its structure is to fix bolt (11-1) by fixed plate (11-2), " u "-shaped the axis (11-3) of road wheel is fixed on total frame (1) bottom.
10. seed watermelon cropper as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that described material-gathering device, its structure includes elevator Auger (6), seed-collecting bucket (4), being provided with clean seed transport tube (5) between described elevator Auger (6) and seed-collecting bucket (4), the feeding mouth of described elevator Auger (6) lower section is connected with the discharging opening (14-6) of described scourclean.
CN201620324091.9U 2016-04-18 2016-04-18 Seed melon harvester Active CN205491781U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106807513A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-06-09 新疆振隆农机制造有限公司 One kind charging breaker and its application

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106807513A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-06-09 新疆振隆农机制造有限公司 One kind charging breaker and its application

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