CN205469870U - Adopt engine / motor to be power hydraulic mechanical transmission's carrier -borne aircraft catapult - Google Patents

Adopt engine / motor to be power hydraulic mechanical transmission's carrier -borne aircraft catapult Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205469870U
CN205469870U CN201620280586.6U CN201620280586U CN205469870U CN 205469870 U CN205469870 U CN 205469870U CN 201620280586 U CN201620280586 U CN 201620280586U CN 205469870 U CN205469870 U CN 205469870U
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motor
power
wirerope
winding drum
variator
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杨广祥
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杨广祥
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an adopt engine / motor to be power hydraulic mechanical transmission's carrier -borne aircraft catapult, including driving system, transmission system, automatic control system, braking system and manual control platform, wherein, driving system is engine or motor, and transmission system sets up the output at driving system, and including the reduction gear, torque converter, derailleur, the steel cable hoist section of thick bamboo that connect gradually with install the draw gear who is used for the towing aircraft on the steel cable, derailleur and torque converter all are connected with and carry out refrigerated fluid cooler for it, the utility model relates to an ingenious simple structure has realized quick safe the taking off of the fully loaded oily bullet of the china's carrier -borne aircraft of improvement, reinforcing operational effectiveness, the purpose of defending national security.

Description

Using engine/motor is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power
Technical field
This utility model belongs to aircraft carrier corollary equipment field, and being specifically related to use engine/motor is that power hydraulic machine passes Dynamic carrier-based aircraft ejector.
Background technology
Only have the most in the world on the U.S. and France's aircraft carrier and have carrier-based aircraft ejector, externally declare it is that steam power is launched and electromagnetic power Launch, because catapult technique is greatly improved carrier-borne aircraft fighting efficiency, therefore concrete catapult technique secrecy decades the most always, the most not Taking out, China avows in by the end of December, 2015, because catapult technique is immature, the aircraft carrier that China is building is still that cunning Jumping up and fly, it is that China is anxious is intended to capture, and does not captures national defence key research project, it is therefore proposed that a kind of carrier-borne aircraft catapult-assisted take-off Brand-new technical scheme is problem demanding prompt solution.
Utility model content
In order to solve the problems referred to above, it is that power fluid power is mechanically operated that the purpose of this utility model is to provide employing engine/motor Carrier-based aircraft ejector, this utility model designs ingenious simple in construction, it is achieved that improves China's carrier-borne aircraft fully loaded oil bullet and fast and safely takes off, Strengthening fighting efficiency, safeguard one's country safe purpose.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of employing engine/motor is power fluid power Mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector, including dynamical system, drive system, automatic control system, brakes and Artificial Control platform;
Wherein, dynamical system is electromotor or motor, and drive system is arranged on the outfan of dynamical system, including be sequentially connected with Decelerator, fluid torque-converter, variator, wirerope winding drum and be arranged on wirerope the traction apparatus for towing aircraft, variator It is respectively connected with fluid torque-converter and carries out, for it, the fluid cooler that cools down;
Brakes includes interior the external beam combined brake being connected on wirerope winding drum, to wirerope winding drum after being used for having launched It is braked;
Automatic control system includes automatic controller and for starting the touch electric switch of automatic controller, and described automatic controller is used for Engine oil amount is reduced to idling speed fuel delivery, controls the transmission of variator built-in clutch separation cut power, and control associating system Dynamic device starts braking;
Artificial Control platform, for controlling the startup of electromotor, accelerating and stop working, and variator launches cutting of shelves, neutral and reverse gear Change, and the speed reversal of wirerope winding drum during speed variator reverse gear, described Artificial Control platform is additionally operable to control the startup of combined brake Braking or cancellation braking.
Described wirerope winding drum and the distance touched between electric switch are traction apparatus ejection travel, touch between electric switch and fixed pulley Distance be traction apparatus braking distance.
Described wirerope winding drum is used for being wound around wirerope, and wirerope two ends reverse-winding respectively, at the two ends of wirerope winding drum, wirerope is arranged There are traction apparatus, traction apparatus to be embedded at and launch in gathering sill, launch gathering sill and be opened on flight-deck, launch the bullet of gathering sill Penetrating channeling direction front end and be provided with fixed pulley, wirerope stage casing is wound on fixed pulley, launches channeling direction front end also launch gathering sill Being provided with a touch electric switch, traction apparatus touches touch electric switch startup automatic controller at the end of ejection travel.
Described variator uses automatically controlled guiding valve manual transmission, and described variator is provided with 3 gears, namely for launching traction Device launch shelves, for the traction apparatus completing to launch being retracted the reverse gear of initial position and being used for cutting off variator to wirerope elevator The neutral gear of cylinder outputting rotary power.
Described fluid torque-converter is the fluid torque-converter with automatic stepless bending moment speed changing function, and described electromotor is that turbine wheel shaft starts Machine, described motor is variable speed controllable high power motor.
Described traction apparatus is shuttle, and described touch electric switch is that double double-return circuit electric that touches switchs.
Described automatic controller is additionally operable to control the start and stop of motor, and described Artificial Control platform is additionally operable to control the start and stop of motor.
Described transmission output connects has transfer gear, transfer gear to be provided with some outfans, and it is the most right that each outfan correspondence drives The wirerope winding drum connect.
When wirerope winding drum and transfer gear exist dislocation, it is provided with between wirerope winding drum and transfer gear and carries out for repairing dislocation Gear-box, chain transmission case or the card gear of power transmission, each outfan is provided with by described transfer gear internal needle Being connected and disconnected from drive mechanism, described transfer gear uses electronic manipulation or manual manipulation.
The peak power of described turboaxle motor is 6000~10000 horsepowers, and maximum speed, more than 10000 turns, subtracts through decelerator It is 3000r/min that speed increases the reducer output shaft rotating speed after square, and using maximum converter range is the fluid torque-converter of 0.8, now, liquid The highest output speed of turbine of power torque-converters is 2400r/min, and it is 3:1 that variator launches the gear ratio of shelves, makes transmission output shaft Rotating speed is 800/min, and variator drives wirerope winding drum rotating speed 800r/min, a diameter of 2m of wirerope winding drum, touches electric switch It is arranged on distance traction apparatus to launch at initial position 150~180m.
Compared with prior art, this utility model at least has the advantages that, existing steam ejection exists structure and greatly and launches Interval time length shortcoming, electromagnetic launch has great burden, and there is the problem that coil windings is longer aircraft carrier power system, This utility model has been abandoned steam power and has been launched the mentality of designing launched with electromagnetic power, has simple in construction, designs advantage cleverly, Achieving with electromotor or motor as power by the design of rational structure, the output shaft in dynamical system is connected hydraulic mechanical System is used for driving wirerope winding drum to rotate, and by the wirerope tractive shuttle of winding on wirerope winding drum, helps to draw and launches carrier-borne aircraft and take off, The problem that China's aircraft carrier ejection failure is taken off is solved, it is achieved that improve the fully loaded oil of China's carrier-borne aircraft with brand-new design Bullet fast and safely takes off, and strengthens fighting efficiency, and safeguard one's country safe purpose.
Further, turboaxle motor selected by described electromotor, substantially reduces structural volume of the present utility model.
Further, variator is only provided with 3 gears, launches shelves, neutral gear and falling for carrying cable return for launch Gear, simple in construction, add stability and the reliability of operation, Artificial Control platform is by controlling combined brake, and then controls steel The cable winding drum speed reversal when speed variator reverse gear, so control shuttle return initial position with safe speed.
Further, an external beam combined brake in combined brake uses, it is ensured that this device has preferable braking effect.Pass through Wirerope traction shuttle completes to launch, and the time of launching is short, launches and controls the reversing of wirerope winding drum afterwards, makes shuttle return to initial position, Touching double-return circuit electric switch in conjunction with double, the function of automatic controller ensure that ejector runs completely under controllable safety.
Because electromotor can continuously run, therefore there is not EJECTION INTERVAL and limit, it is possible to be carried out continuously and launch.
Further, this utility model is by installing transfer gear additional after variator, and transfer gear is provided with some outfans, each output End correspondence drives the wirerope winding drum being mated with, it is achieved that a set of dynamical system and transmission system drives a plurality of wirerope elevator launch and be System, effectively saves space, reduces and launches cost.
Additionally, this utility model there is also reasonable in design, volume is little, and layout is convenient, flexible, maintain easily simultaneously, uses existing Having mature technology equipment, safe and reliable R&D costs are low, above-mentioned advantage of the present utility model, be steam ejection and electromagnetic launch institute not Possess.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is another structural representation of the present utility model.
In accompanying drawing: 1, wirerope winding drum, 2, wirerope, 3, traction apparatus, 4, fixed pulley.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is described in further detail with detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Seeing Fig. 1, this utility model is fixedly mounted on the lower floor of aircraft-carrier flight deck, including dynamical system, drive system, Brakes, automatic control system and Artificial Control platform;
Wherein, dynamical system includes presetting with high-power turbo shaft generator (6000~10000 horsepowers), and China can produce the most High-power turbo shaft generator, during Same Efficieney, volume mass is piston-engined 1/3, is high-power when launching, high rotating speed, Being the small-power slow-speed of revolution in time launching, save the energy, launch response soon, time is short, can launch continuously, not have interval time Limit;
Drive system is arranged on the outfan of dynamical system, including the decelerator being sequentially connected with, fluid torque-converter, variator, wirerope Winding drum and be arranged on wirerope the traction apparatus for towing aircraft, described variator uses automatically controlled guiding valve manual transmission, described Variator is provided with 3 gears, is to launch shelves, neutral gear and reverse gear respectively, launches shelves for launching traction apparatus, and reverse gear will be for will The traction apparatus completing to launch retracts initial position, load when neutral gear is for reducing engine start and the cut-out when wait is launched Variator is to wirerope winding drum outputting rotary power, and variator and fluid torque-converter are respectively connected with and cool down for its fluid carrying out cooling down Device;As it is shown in figure 1, wirerope winding drum 1 is used for being wound around wirerope 2, wirerope 2 two ends are respectively wound around the two ends of wirerope winding drum 1, And the winding direction at wirerope 2 two ends is contrary, and wirerope 2 is provided with traction apparatus 3, traction apparatus is embedded in gathering sill, guides Groove is opened on flight-deck, and the channeling direction front end of launching of gathering sill is provided with fixed pulley, and wirerope 2 stage casing is wound on fixed pulley 4 On, it being additionally provided with a touch electric switch in the channeling direction front end of launching of gathering sill, traction apparatus 3 touches electricity at ejection travel end Switch activated automatic controller;
Brakes is interior the external beam combined brake being connected on wirerope winding drum, including external beam arrestment mechanism and interior brake Structure, for being braked wirerope winding drum;
Automatic control system includes that automatic controller and double double-return circuit electric that touches switch, and traction apparatus is collided double at the end of ejection travel Touching double-return circuit electric switch connection automatic controller circuit, automatic controller is used for controlling turboaxle motor moment by engine oil Amount is minimized, and controls the transmission of variator built-in clutch separation cut power simultaneously, controls combined brake simultaneously and starts braking;
Artificial Control platform, for controlling the startup of turboaxle motor, accelerates and stops working, variator launch shelves, neutral and reverse gear Switching, Artificial Control platform by control combined brake brake force size so that control wirerope winding drum rotating speed, reach control Traction apparatus returns with the speed of safety and launches initial position.
Seeing Fig. 2, this utility model is by installing transfer gear additional after variator, and each outfan of transfer gear is all connected with a wirerope Winding drum, when wirerope winding drum exists dislocation with transfer gear, uses gear-box, chain transmission case or card gear finishing mistake Position carries out power transmission;In the inside of transfer gear, it is provided with for each outfan and is connected and disconnected from drive mechanism, can be according to bullet Penetrate needs manipulation and connect any one outfan of driving;Transfer gear uses electronic manipulation or manual manipulation.
When transfer gear connects multiple wirerope winding drum, can only launch respectively, the selector device of transfer gear realize switching, Achieving a set of dynamical system and transmission system drives a plurality of wirerope winding drum ejection system, effectively save space, reduction is launched Cost.
As the presently preferred embodiments, the peak power of the turboaxle motor that this utility model uses is 6000~10000 horsepowers of (horses It is the best that power launches the most greatly effect), maximum speed is more than 10000r/min, the reducer output shaft rotating speed after decelerator slows down increasing square For 3000r/min, using maximum converter range is the fluid torque-converter of 0.8, now, and the highest output speed of turbine of fluid torque-converter For 2400r/min, the shelves that launch of variator use gear ratio to be 3:1, and making transmission output speed is 800r/min, variator Driving wirerope winding drum rotating speed 800r/min, a diameter of 2m of wirerope winding drum, the maximal rate of now traction apparatus is 83m/s (i.e. 300km/h), double touch double-return circuit electrics switch is arranged on gathering sill one lateral extent traction apparatus and launches initial position 150~180m Double double-return circuit electric switch that touches touches at ejection travel end in (ejection travel) place, i.e. traction apparatus, electric for connecting automatic controller Road, automatic controller is braked operation simultaneously, terminates to launch, and when the reverse return of traction apparatus, touching is double touches double-return circuit electric
Switch, for disconnecting automatic controller circuit.
This utility model optimum embodiment design parameter allocation list
Shown in sum up, it is as follows that this utility model carries out launching operating process:
1, inform that will launch shuttle hangs up properly can instruct with catapult-assisted take-off with aircraft nose landing gear when control station personnel receive deck hand After, electric control operation variator is switched to launch shelves from neutral;
2, release brake, the most quickly depresses fax formula electromotor accelerator pedal, makes electromotor moment reach max-power-output speed (more than 10000r/min) exports to decelerator, by having the hydraulic mechanical transmission system of automatic stepless speed change bending moment, automatically fits And launching of an airplane, traction apparatus should can be completed in 4 seconds in 200 meters from 0 accelerator accelerating to 300km/h Touching double double-return circuit electric switch that touches at ejection travel end, electric switch startup automatic controller, automatic controller starts for control Engine oil amount is reduced to idling speed fuel delivery by machine moment, controls variator built-in clutch simultaneously and separates (i.e. neutral), same to time control Combined brake processed starts braking, terminates to launch.
Finally, by Artificial Control platform control variator switching reverse gear, simultaneously by control combined brake brake force size and then Controlling the rotating speed of wirerope winding drum, reach to control traction apparatus and launch initial position with the speed recurrence of safety, then, brake is complete Full application of brake ensures safety, stands ready and launches next airplane again.
Ejector key technology bottleneck is to allow for the object of more than 8 tons, in 4 seconds and in 200 meters of strokes, accelerates from 0 To 300km/h, this will want big by demanded driving force system power, and drive system must possess when launching starting low-speed big and Huge acceleration, it is necessary to possess stepless torque changing speed changing function, uses high-power turbo shaft generator and has automatically in the present embodiment The hydraulic mechanical transmission system of stepless torque changing speed changing function;After theoretical matching primitives gear ratio, carry out assembled in series, capture warship An above-mentioned difficult problem for carrier aircraft ejector.
In other embodiments, the turboaxle motor in this utility model also can be big with other type of electromotor or variable-ratio Power electric motor replaces as ejection power, only need to be compared to mate accordingly to the transmission of power train after replacing other type of electromotor Design.
In sum, there is advantages below in this utility model:
1, technical equipment used by this utility model, is all existing mature technology equipment, safe and reliable, if according to target requirement, Joining selection, matched design is the most permissible, and exploitation design cost is low;
2, volume is little, and power is big, simple in construction, and mounting arrangement is convenient, easy to maintenance.
3, have only to quickly gas pedal to be stepped on peak power 4 seconds, so that it may completes to launch an airplane, and the most quite we are at ordinary times Drive a car, quickly stepped on a foot throttle.
4, achieve a set of dynamical system and drive system can drive a plurality of wirerope elevator ejection system, effectively save space, Reduce and launch cost.
5, above advantage, is not available for steam ejection and electromagnetic launch.
Below only this utility model preferred embodiment is described, but is not to be construed as limitations on claims.This practicality Novel being not only limited to above example, its concrete steps allow to change, and in addition, exist with under conceiving at this utility model Other implementation, it should be noted that above-described embodiment is only the preferred version that this utility model realizes, and indefiniteness is poor Lifting, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, any obvious replacement is all within this utility model protection domain.

Claims (10)

1. use engine/motor be the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, it is characterised in that include dynamical system, Drive system, automatic control system, brakes and Artificial Control platform;
Wherein, dynamical system is electromotor or motor, and drive system is arranged on the outfan of dynamical system, including be sequentially connected with Decelerator, fluid torque-converter, variator, wirerope winding drum and be arranged on wirerope the traction apparatus for towing aircraft, variator It is respectively connected with fluid torque-converter and carries out, for it, the fluid cooler that cools down;
Brakes includes interior the external beam combined brake being connected on wirerope winding drum, to wirerope winding drum after being used for having launched It is braked;
Automatic control system includes automatic controller and for starting the touch electric switch of automatic controller, and described automatic controller is used for Engine oil amount is reduced to idling speed fuel delivery, controls the transmission of variator built-in clutch separation cut power, and control associating system Dynamic device starts braking;
Artificial Control platform, for controlling the startup of electromotor, accelerating and stop working, and variator launches cutting of shelves, neutral and reverse gear Change, and the speed reversal of wirerope winding drum during speed variator reverse gear, described Artificial Control platform is additionally operable to control the startup of combined brake Braking or cancellation braking.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 1 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levying and be, described wirerope winding drum and the distance touched between electric switch are traction apparatus ejection travel, touch electric switch and fixed pulley Between distance be traction apparatus braking distance.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 2 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levying and be, described wirerope winding drum is used for being wound around wirerope, and reverse-winding is at the two ends of wirerope winding drum respectively, on wirerope at wirerope two ends Being provided with traction apparatus, traction apparatus is embedded at launches in gathering sill, launches gathering sill and is opened on flight-deck, launches gathering sill Channeling direction front end of launching be provided with fixed pulley, wirerope stage casing is wound on fixed pulley, launch gathering sill launch channeling direction before End is additionally provided with a touch electric switch, and traction apparatus touches touch electric switch startup automatic controller at the end of ejection travel.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 1 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levying and be, described variator uses automatically controlled guiding valve manual transmission, and described variator is provided with 3 gears, namely for launching Traction apparatus launch shelves, for the traction apparatus completing to launch being retracted the reverse gear of initial position and being used for cutting off variator to wirerope The neutral gear of winding drum outputting rotary power.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 1 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levying and be, described fluid torque-converter is the fluid torque-converter with automatic stepless bending moment speed changing function, and described electromotor is that turbine wheel shaft is sent out Motivation, described motor is variable speed controllable high power motor.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 1 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levying and be, described traction apparatus is shuttle, and described touch electric switch is that double double-return circuit electric that touches switchs.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 1 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levying and be, described automatic controller is additionally operable to control the start and stop of motor, and described Artificial Control platform is additionally operable to control the start and stop of motor.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 1 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levying and be, described transmission output connects has transfer gear, transfer gear to be provided with some outfans, each outfan correspondence drive with The wirerope winding drum of docking.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 8 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, and it is special Levy and be, when wirerope winding drum exists dislocation with transfer gear outfan, be provided with for repairing between wirerope winding drum and transfer gear Whole dislocation carries out the gear-box of power transmission, chain transmission case or card gear, and described transfer gear internal needle is to each output End is provided with and is connected and disconnected from drive mechanism, and described transfer gear uses electronic manipulation or manual manipulation.
Employing engine/motor the most according to claim 7 is the mechanically operated carrier-based aircraft ejector of power fluid power, its Being characterised by, the peak power of described turboaxle motor is 6000~10000 horsepowers, and maximum speed is more than 10000 turns, through subtracting It is 3000r/min that speed device deceleration increases the reducer output shaft rotating speed after square, and using maximum converter range is the fluid torque-converter of 0.8, this Time, the highest output speed of turbine of fluid torque-converter is 2400r/min, and it is 3:1 that variator launches the gear ratio of shelves, makes variator Output shaft rotating speed is 800/min, and variator drives wirerope winding drum rotating speed 800r/min, a diameter of 2m of wirerope winding drum, touches Electric switch is arranged on distance traction apparatus and launches at initial position 150~180m.
CN201620280586.6U 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Adopt engine / motor to be power hydraulic mechanical transmission's carrier -borne aircraft catapult Active CN205469870U (en)

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CN201620280586.6U CN205469870U (en) 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Adopt engine / motor to be power hydraulic mechanical transmission's carrier -borne aircraft catapult

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106976811A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-07-25 张俊强 A kind of torque converter drive system and dynamic compaction machinery for dynamic compaction machinery
CN107021425A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-08-08 张俊强 A kind of transmission device and dynamic compaction machinery for being used to drive elevator
CN109229412A (en) * 2018-03-22 2019-01-18 吉少波 A kind of ejector

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106976811A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-07-25 张俊强 A kind of torque converter drive system and dynamic compaction machinery for dynamic compaction machinery
CN107021425A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-08-08 张俊强 A kind of transmission device and dynamic compaction machinery for being used to drive elevator
WO2018166506A1 (en) * 2017-03-16 2018-09-20 张俊强 Hydraulic torque converter transmission system for dynamic compactor and dynamic compactor
US11326319B2 (en) 2017-03-16 2022-05-10 Junqiang ZHANG Hydraulic torque converter transmission system for dynamic compactor and the dynamic compactor
CN107021425B (en) * 2017-03-16 2022-07-15 张俊强 Transmission device for driving winch and dynamic compactor
CN109229412A (en) * 2018-03-22 2019-01-18 吉少波 A kind of ejector

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