CN205444065U - Retractable sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle - Google Patents

Retractable sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205444065U
CN205444065U CN201521132706.XU CN201521132706U CN205444065U CN 205444065 U CN205444065 U CN 205444065U CN 201521132706 U CN201521132706 U CN 201521132706U CN 205444065 U CN205444065 U CN 205444065U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
nozzle
suction nozzle
fixing
flexible
suction
Prior art date
Application number
CN201521132706.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李钢剑
商文翔
赵平安
黄鑫
郝清坡
王刚
Original Assignee
长安大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 长安大学 filed Critical 长安大学
Priority to CN201521132706.XU priority Critical patent/CN205444065U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205444065U publication Critical patent/CN205444065U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a retractable sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle, the suction nozzle traction frame is through round pin axle and drawbar connection, the traction lever is installed on the suction nozzle body through the round pin axle, and then draw gear applys the pulling force of direction forward to the suction nozzle body, and simultaneously, install lift cylinder on the suction nozzle body, lifting chain strip and balanced chain, , the operation can realize that the suction nozzle body promotes and descends when beginning and accomplish, the distance detection sensor of suction nozzle body both sides installation can be in real time with signal feedback to the driver's cabin that detects, it controls the operation of the suction nozzle body to make the driver change. The utility model discloses a sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle can carry out abundant sucking and sweeping to the road border, but has automated inspection suction nozzle and terrain clearance and apart from the distance at road border, the function that can freely stretch out and draw back, and the flexibility is strong, has strengthened the adaptability of operation to sucking and sweeping road border that can high efficiency is showing and is improving the sanitation and clean work quality, has improved work efficiency and can obviously promote the benefit.

Description

A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle
[technical field]
This utility model relates to dust collecting and cleaning vehicles and inhales sweeping device, is specifically related to a kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle.
[background technology]
Along with the economic and fast development of society; environmental problem highlights day by day; during the APEC meeting in 2014, " APEC is blue " of China has beaten alarm bell to especially China's environmental problem; haze problem causes infringement to especially the health problem of ordinary populace recent years, and therefore the attention degree of environmental conservation and energy-saving and emission-reduction problem is also progressively being strengthened by China.Since reform and opening-up, engineering machinery field is constantly encouraged and helps by China, the most various roads for environmental conservation wash sweeping maintenance of equipment be constantly developed, kind is varied, relates to various working condition;But, the congenital defect designed due to some, present implement is caused the most all to have some short slabs, such as common dust collecting and cleaning vehicles all cannot be drawn onto edge, road surface, can only carry out sweeping by disc brush and cannot inhale and pick up, so the cleaning effect at edge is the most undesirable, but due to many reasons such as research and development and production costs, this problem is caused the most not solve.Common dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle is mechanical fixed structure, transverse shifting cannot be realized, the most simply rise and fall, degree of freedom is few, it is not fully up to expectations that effect is swept in suction, bringing the problems such as efficiency is low, energy resource consumption is big to the cleaning maintenance of road administration construction and daily urban road, this fundamental policy not meeting country and policy guidance, so needing a kind of easily realization and cost acceptable design.
Accordingly, it would be desirable to design a kind of novel dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle, overcome the deficiency in prior art.
[utility model content]
This utility model provides a kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle, this suction nozzle effectively can carry out suction to road edge and pick up, the transversal stretching of certain amplitude can be carried out flexibly, suction nozzle overhead height and the distance at road edge can be detected, effect is swept in the suction that can realize being better than general dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle, strengthens and inhales the adaptability sweeping operation.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that and is achieved:
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle, including fixing nozzle body, flexible nozzle body, suction nozzle haulage gear, elevating mechanism and telescoping mechanism;Described fixing nozzle body front end is connected with vehicle chassis by suction nozzle haulage gear, and fixing nozzle body one end is set in flexible nozzle body outside and is flexibly connected, and flexible nozzle body realizes stretching out and contractile motion relative to fixing nozzle body by telescoping mechanism;Being provided with least one set elevating mechanism on described fixing nozzle body and flexible nozzle body, elevating mechanism upper end is connected with vehicle chassis.
Described suction nozzle haulage gear includes that suction nozzle traction frame and draw bar, suction nozzle traction frame one end are connected with being connected with vehicle chassis, and the other end is by hinged with draw bar, and draw bar is hinged with fixing nozzle body.
One group of described elevating mechanism includes that two balance chains and two elevating chains, two balance chain lower ends are connected with the suspension ring on flexible nozzle body and fixing nozzle body by shackle respectively;Balance chain upper end is connected with vehicle chassis by balancing spring;Two described elevating chain lower ends are connected with fixing nozzle body and flexible nozzle body respectively, and elevating chain upper end is connected with hoist cylinder by shackle, and hoist cylinder is connected with the connecting plate being welded on vehicle chassis by bearing pin.
Also including that two groups of detecting distance devices, described detecting distance device include fixing rack for sensor and the distance detection sensor being arranged on fixing rack for sensor, two groups of detecting distance devices are separately mounted to flexible nozzle body and fixing nozzle body both sides;Described distance detection sensor is connected with the control system of vehicle.
Described telescoping mechanism includes the servomotor of band Programmable Logic Controller, gear and tooth bar, described servomotor is arranged on fixing nozzle body by fixed plate, described gear is arranged on the output shaft of servomotor, described tooth bar is arranged on flexible nozzle body, described rack and pinion engagement;The inner walls of fixing nozzle body is outside equipped with tongue, the both sides of described flexible nozzle body are respectively arranged with in the tongue that preposition T-shaped positioning guide rail and rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rail, preposition T-shaped positioning guide rail and rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rail are movably arranged on correspondence respectively.
Being provided with Baltimore groove in the inner walls that described fixing nozzle body is corresponding with tooth bar, the tooth bar slipped in fixing nozzle body is arranged in Baltimore groove.
Fixing nozzle body side is respectively mounted two rubber wheels for the rubber wheel supported to be also equipped with four on described nozzle body, and the two ends of flexible nozzle body opposite side are respectively mounted two other rubber wheel;Rubber wheel is fixed with nozzle body by the fixed mount for installing with adjust.
The length of described fixing nozzle body is fixed on the center after flexible nozzle body and fixing nozzle body full extension more than the length of flexible nozzle body, described suction nozzle haulage gear.
This utility model compared with prior art has the advantage that
Urban pavement can fully be inhaled and sweep by dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle of the present utility model, including fixing nozzle body and flexible nozzle body, fixing nozzle body is set in outside flexible nozzle body, there is telescopic function, motility is strong, enhances the adaptability of operation, it is possible to urban pavement is swept in suction rapidly and efficiently, significantly improve environmental sanitation cleaning operation quality, improve work efficiency and benefit can be obviously improved.The lifting process of dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle is completed by haulage gear, elevating mechanism.This utility model simple in construction, reasonable in design, processing and fabricating are convenient and use cost is low.Easy to operate, practical value is high, in operation process, human pilot opens distance automatic detection function when only need to transfer suction nozzle, when nozzle body will contact ground, flexible nozzle body detects and the distance at road edge protruding according to the distance set automatically, until it reaches require also nozzle body to be transferred to ground.Wide by scope, comprehensive benefit is good, and employing of the present utility model can increase applicable working condition, reduces vehicle operation cost, and then increases the benefit.
Further, road edge can fully be inhaled and sweep by dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle of the present utility model, have and can automatically detect suction nozzle and ground level and the function of the distance away from road edge, motility is strong, enhance the adaptability of operation, and suction rapidly and efficiently can sweep road edge, significantly improve environmental sanitation cleaning operation quality, improve work efficiency and benefit can be obviously improved.It addition, fixing rack for sensor is bolted is separately fixed at nozzle body side, the elongated hole that fixed mount has vertical direction by nozzle body both sides is installed, and facilitates later stage installation and debugging, and range sensor can detecting distance ground level and away from road edge distance.
Further, preposition T-shaped positioning guide rail makes fixing nozzle body fix relative to position with flexible nozzle body with rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rail, can only there is horizontal degree of freedom, occurring rocking and noise owing to the existence of positioning guide rail it also avoid during operation, it is machined and be welded on nozzle body that positioning guide rail is sheet metal component.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is this utility model nozzle body front view;
Fig. 2 is this utility model nozzle body right view;
Fig. 3 is this utility model nozzle body top view;
Fig. 4 is this utility model nozzle body self-defining image;
Fig. 5 is this utility model nozzle body partial enlarged view;
Fig. 6 is this utility model nozzle body partial enlarged view;
Fig. 7 is this utility model nozzle body partial enlarged view;
Fig. 8 is this utility model nozzle body assembled view on car body;
Description of reference numerals:
1 hoist cylinder;2 traction frame;
3 draw bars;4 gears;
5 tooth bars;6 rubber wheels;
7 suction inlets;8 stretch nozzle body;
9 fix nozzle body;10 balancing springs;
11 balance chains;12 elevating chains;
13 preposition T-shaped positioning guide rails;14 rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rails;
15 servomotors;16 distance detection sensors;
[detailed description of the invention]
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in detail; should be understood that; detailed description of the invention described herein is merely to illustrate and explains that this utility model, protection domain of the present utility model are not limited to following detailed description of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle, including fixing nozzle body 9, flexible nozzle body 8, suction nozzle haulage gear, elevating mechanism and telescoping mechanism;Described fixing nozzle body 9 one end is connected with vehicle chassis by suction nozzle haulage gear, and described flexible nozzle body 8 is flexibly connected with fixing nozzle body 9 side, and flexible nozzle body 8 realizes stretching out and shrinking relative to fixing nozzle body 9 by telescoping mechanism;Being provided with least one set elevating mechanism on described fixing nozzle body 9 and flexible nozzle body 8, elevating mechanism upper end is connected with vehicle chassis.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, suction nozzle traction frame 2 is bolted and is fixed on vehicle chassis, suction nozzle is coupled together with vehicle chassis by traction frame 2 by draw bar 3, suction nozzle traction frame 2 and draw bar 3 and draw bar 3 and flexible nozzle body 8, fixing nozzle body 9 is bearing pin and connects, simultaneously, at fixing nozzle body 8, it is respectively fixed with two suspension ring on flexible nozzle body 9, it is connected to balance chain 11 and elevating chain 12 by shackle on two suspension ring on each nozzle body, balance chain 11 hangs on vehicle chassis by balancing spring 10, elevating chain 12 is connected on vehicle chassis by hoist cylinder 1.
Such as Fig. 6, shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, servomotor 15 is arranged on fixing nozzle body 9 by fixed support, gear 4 is arranged on the output shaft of servomotor 15, tooth bar 5 is bolted and is arranged on flexible nozzle body 8 and engages with the gear 4 on fixing nozzle body 9, with tooth bar 5 to there being a tooth bar holding tank on fixing nozzle body 9, and fixing nozzle body 8 and flexible nozzle body 9 are positioned by preposition T-shaped positioning guide rail 13 and rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rail 14, have only to during installation that positioning guide rail is carried out docking and can complete nozzle body overall installation, at positioning guide rail, planted agent is pasted with nylon slide block, to reduce friction and nozzle body stress, distance detection sensor 16 is directly contained in each side of nozzle body by fixed mount after buying and ensures the least.
It addition, the length of fixing nozzle body 9 is more than the length of flexible nozzle body 8.Haulage gear is fixed on the substantially symmetric center of overall sucker, traction deflection problem when flexible nozzle body 8 so can be avoided to stretch out.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:
nullThe suction nozzle traction frame 2 being connected with vehicle chassis such as Fig. 1,Suction nozzle traction frame 2 is connected by bearing pin with draw bar 3,Traction frame 2 is by bearing pin and flexible nozzle body 8、Fixing nozzle body 9 is connected,At flexible nozzle body 8、It is welded with bearing pin installing plate and has correspondingly sized axis hole on fixing nozzle body 9,At flexible nozzle body 8、Fixing nozzle body 9 upper surface is welded with suspension ring installing plate,Elongated hole is had above installing plate,Suspension ring are bolted and are arranged on elongated hole,Suspension ring are connected by buckle balance chain 11 and elevating chain 12,One hoist cylinder 1 of each installation is installed in elevating chain 12 upper end,Hoist cylinder 1 is arranged on vehicle chassis by bearing pin,Balancing spring 10 is installed in balance chain 11 upper end,Balancing spring 10 is articulated on vehicle chassis afterwards,Transfer flexible nozzle body 8、During fixing nozzle body 9, balancing spring 10 can stretch,Regain flexible nozzle body 8、During fixing nozzle body 9, balancing spring 10 has pulling force upwards,Make flexible nozzle body 8、Fixing nozzle body 9 is more easy to reclaim.It is welded with servomotor fixed plate at edge, fixing nozzle body 8 top, servomotor 15 is bolted and is arranged in fixed plate, servomotor 15 output shaft there is gear 4 by flat key location and installation, tooth bar 5 is arranged on flexible nozzle body 8 top and gear 4 correspondence position, it is fixed on flexible nozzle body 8 upper end by the hole having on tooth bar 5, tooth bar 5 perforate is counterbore, and after being screwed, screw is less than tooth bar 5 root face, does not affect engaging when gear 4 works with tooth bar 5.Preposition T-shaped positioning guide rail 13 is the welding of sheet metal parts with rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rail 14 with nozzle body 8,9 connected mode, for stretching nozzle body 8 and fixing nozzle body 9 positions, transfer to guide rail meeting stress during ground, but institute's stress is little, dimensional tolerance when must assure that manufacture is less, there will be and rock and noise when otherwise working.
When operation, the human pilot data by sensor feedback, adjust while transferring nozzle body overhead with the distance on edge, roadside, transferred by one and the composite move that stretches realize the landing of nozzle body, reach requirement and be followed by tread surface and move with car and carry out operation;Air in casing is extracted out and is realized vacuum by dust collecting and cleaning vehicles blower fan, owing to being connected by corrugated tube between nozzle body and casing, negative pressure occurs, and then sucked in garbage box by rubbish inside nozzle body.
Additionally, as shown in Figure 8, by means of sensor 16 detection monitoring, when flexible nozzle body 8, fixing nozzle body 9 transfer not contact ground, bridge operation personnel can see nozzle body overhead height and the nozzle body edge distance far from road edge by display, can be by the Programmable Logic Controller that carries of sensor of buying to servomotor input signal, control rotating speed and the number of turns of rotation of servomotor 15, and then controlling the stroke of flexible nozzle body 8, it is achieved the suction to road edge rubbish is picked up.
The above; it it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not this utility model is imposed any restrictions; every any simple modification, change and equivalent structure transformation made above example according to this utility model technical spirit, all still falls within the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. an extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle, it is characterised in that include fixing nozzle body (9), flexible nozzle body (8), suction nozzle haulage gear, elevating mechanism and telescoping mechanism;Described fixing nozzle body (9) front end is connected with vehicle chassis by suction nozzle haulage gear, fixing nozzle body (9) one end is set in flexible nozzle body (8) outside and is flexibly connected, and flexible nozzle body (8) realizes stretching out and contractile motion relative to fixing nozzle body (9) by telescoping mechanism;Being provided with least one set elevating mechanism on described fixing nozzle body (9) and flexible nozzle body (8), elevating mechanism upper end is connected with vehicle chassis.
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described suction nozzle haulage gear includes suction nozzle traction frame (2) and draw bar (3), suction nozzle traction frame (2) one end is connected with being connected with vehicle chassis, the other end is by hinged with draw bar (3), and draw bar (3) is hinged with fixing nozzle body (9).
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, one group of described elevating mechanism includes that two balance chains (11) and two elevating chains (12), two balance chain (11) lower ends are connected with the suspension ring on flexible nozzle body (8) and fixing nozzle body (9) by shackle respectively;Balance chain (11) upper end is connected with vehicle chassis by balancing spring (10);Two described elevating chain (12) lower ends are connected with fixing nozzle body (9) and flexible nozzle body (8) respectively, elevating chain (12) upper end is connected with hoist cylinder (1) by shackle, and hoist cylinder (1) is connected with the connecting plate being welded on vehicle chassis by bearing pin.
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also include two groups of detecting distance devices, described detecting distance device includes that fixing rack for sensor and distance detection sensor (16) being arranged on fixing rack for sensor, two groups of detecting distance devices are separately mounted to flexible nozzle body (8) and fixing nozzle body (9) both sides;Described distance detection sensor (16) is connected with the control system of vehicle.
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described telescoping mechanism includes the servomotor (15) of band Programmable Logic Controller, gear (4) and tooth bar (5), described servomotor (15) is arranged on fixing nozzle body (9) by fixed plate, described gear (4) is arranged on the output shaft of servomotor (15), described tooth bar (5) is arranged on flexible nozzle body (8), and described tooth bar (5) engages with gear (4);The inner walls of fixing nozzle body (9) is outside equipped with tongue, the both sides of described flexible nozzle body (8) are respectively arranged with preposition T-shaped positioning guide rail (13) and rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rail (14), and preposition T-shaped positioning guide rail (13) and rearmounted T-shaped positioning guide rail (14) are movably arranged in the tongue of correspondence respectively.
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle the most according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, being provided with Baltimore groove in the inner walls that described fixing nozzle body (9) is corresponding with tooth bar (5), the tooth bar (5) slipped in fixing nozzle body (9) is arranged in Baltimore groove.
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, four it are also equipped with for the rubber wheel (6) supported on described nozzle body, fixing nozzle body (9) side is respectively mounted two rubber wheels (6), and the two ends of flexible nozzle body (8) opposite side are respectively mounted two other rubber wheel (6);Rubber wheel is fixed with nozzle body by the fixed mount for installing with adjust.
A kind of extension type dust collecting and cleaning vehicles suction nozzle the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the length of described fixing nozzle body (9) is fixed on the center after flexible nozzle body (8) and fixing nozzle body (9) full extension more than the length of flexible nozzle body (8), described suction nozzle haulage gear.
CN201521132706.XU 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Retractable sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle CN205444065U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521132706.XU CN205444065U (en) 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Retractable sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521132706.XU CN205444065U (en) 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Retractable sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205444065U true CN205444065U (en) 2016-08-10

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ID=56599231

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201521132706.XU CN205444065U (en) 2016-04-28 2016-04-28 Retractable sucking and sweeping car suction nozzle

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN205444065U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106758994A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-05-31 广州朗晴电动车有限公司 A kind of electronic examination car of multi-function airfield pavement
CN107435308A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-05 徐工集团工程机械有限公司 Sweeper nozzle structure and sweeper
CN108130878A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-08 宁波梦居智能科技有限公司 A kind of Floor-sweeping device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106758994A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-05-31 广州朗晴电动车有限公司 A kind of electronic examination car of multi-function airfield pavement
CN107435308A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-05 徐工集团工程机械有限公司 Sweeper nozzle structure and sweeper
CN108130878A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-08 宁波梦居智能科技有限公司 A kind of Floor-sweeping device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160810

Termination date: 20170428