CN205435669U - Ring die pelleter - Google Patents

Ring die pelleter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205435669U
CN205435669U CN201521122698.0U CN201521122698U CN205435669U CN 205435669 U CN205435669 U CN 205435669U CN 201521122698 U CN201521122698 U CN 201521122698U CN 205435669 U CN205435669 U CN 205435669U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
fracture
shaft
frame
ring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201521122698.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱晓东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Zhongken New Energy Technology Co ltd
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Hangzhou Zhongken New Energy Technology Co ltd
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Application filed by Hangzhou Zhongken New Energy Technology Co ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Zhongken New Energy Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201521122698.0U priority Critical patent/CN205435669U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205435669U publication Critical patent/CN205435669U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a ring die pelleter, which comprises a frame, a pedestal, main motor and upper cover, the frame top is equipped with feed mechanism, be equipped with pressing mechanism in the frame, water conservancy diversion mechanism, drive mechanism and lubrication and cooling mechanism, pressing mechanism is including the ring mould, a plurality of ring nibs of setting on ring mould lateral wall and a plurality of compression roller and setting the roller die gap adjusting bolt at compression roller both ends of setting at the inboard cooperation ring mould of ring mould, drive mechanism is including driving compression roller pivoted main shaft, the empty through -drive wheel of connecting main shaft and compression roller, the link gear of connecting main motor motor shaft and main shaft, the link gear includes to be connected at the basin gear of main shaft bottom, the shaft coupling of horn gear, drive horn gear pivoted horn gear axle, connection horn gear axle and the main motor motor shaft of meshing on the basin gear. The utility model discloses not only can the noise reduction, can also improve transmission efficiency, the clearance adjustment who encircles simultaneously between mould and the compression roller is convenient and reliable, thereby pelletization quality and pelletization efficiency have been improved.

Description

A kind of ring die pelleter
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of granules manufacturing apparatus, particularly relates to a kind of ring die pelleter.
Background technology
Ring die pelleter is the equipment that powder is squeezed into granular material;Biological particles is continually developed as emerging energy and is popularized;The structure that existing biomass granulator typically uses reductor to add belt carrys out drive shaft, and this kind of structureborne noise is big, and transmission efficiency is low, affects granulator production efficiency;And the gap between pressure roller and the ring mould of existing biomass granulator typically uses worm gear structure to regulate, this kind of structure complexity, regulation is got up cumbersome, and degree of regulation is not high enough.
Utility model content
This utility model is in order to solve defect and deficiency present in above-mentioned prior art, it is provided that a kind of spindle drive efficiency is high, and noise is little;And the convenient gap regulated between pressure roller and ring mould in pelletization, it is ensured that granulate quality, improves the ring die pelleter of granulation efficiency.
The technical solution of the utility model: a kind of ring die pelleter; including frame, it is arranged on the base bottom frame, is arranged on the mair motor of base side and is arranged on the upper cover of frame top; described frame top is provided with feeding mechanism; briquetting machine, deflector, drive mechanism and lubrication mechanism it is provided with in frame
Described feeding mechanism includes being arranged on the loading hopper covered and being arranged on the feeding scraper on the downside of loading hopper,
Described briquetting machine includes ring mould, the some ring nibs being arranged on ring mould sidewall and several pressure rollers being arranged on ring mould fit inside ring mould and is arranged on the clearances between die and rolls adjustment bolt at pressure roller two ends,
Described drive mechanism includes the main shaft that band dynamic pressure roller rotates, the empty through-drive wheel, connection mair motor motor shaft and the link gear of main shaft that connect main shaft and pressure roller,
Described link gear includes being connected to the bevel gear bottom main shaft, the angle gear being engaged on bevel gear, angle gear shaft, joint angle gear shaft and the shaft coupling of mair motor motor shaft of drive angle pinion rotation;
Gear oil cooler, connection cycle gear oil pump and bevel gear, the gear oil pipe of angle gear that described lubrication mechanism includes the cycle gear oil pump being arranged on base side, is connected on cycle gear oil pump;
Described frame is provided with gear oil inlet, and the position of described gear oil inlet is corresponding with the position of bevel gear.
This utility model uses the cooperation of bevel gear and angle gear to carry out drive shaft and rotates, and is possible not only to reduce noise, it is also possible to improve transmission efficiency;Simultaneously by clearances between die and rolls adjust bolt regulate the gap between ring mould and pressure roller so that its simple in construction, easy to adjust reliably;Thus improve granulate quality and granulation efficiency.
Preferably, described deflector includes the Tai Ji flow guiding disc being set in main shaft upper end, described Tai Ji flow guiding disc is provided with the through hole wearing pressure roller, the quantity of described pressure roller and through hole is two, described ring mould top is provided with ring die briquetting, ring mould upper outside is provided with ring mould anchor ear, and described gear oil cooler is forced air cooler.
This kind of structure makes it can form two symmetrical crush-zones, and stirring simultaneously is got up so that powder is pelletized more thorough, improves yield.
Preferably, described pressure roller is fixed in pressure roller shaft by two bearings, and it is fixing that described pressure roller shaft lower end rotates wheel by lining and empty axle, and nip drum axle upper end is compressed by pressing plate, and described pressure roller shaft is eccentric shaft, and described clearances between die and rolls adjusts and is bolted to nip drum axle top.
Just can adjust pressure roller and the gap of ring mould when this kind of structure makes its pressure roller rotate at any time, then adjust bolt by clearances between die and rolls and fasten or loosen and control its gap length.
This utility model uses main shaft and empty through-drive wheel belt dynamic pressure roll shaft to rotate, and time simultaneously inside pressure roller contact ring mould, pressure roller is also by frictional force autobiography so that the powder extruding between pressure roller and ring mould is more thoroughly reliable.
Preferably, outer ring, described ring mould upper end is provided with circuit device, and described circuit device includes fracture gear, the little gear of fracture driving fracture pinion rotation and the fracture cutting knife being arranged on fracture gear, and described feeding scraper is fixed on main shaft upper end by a scraper support.
This kind of structure facilitates granule materials to cut off;Arranging of feeding scraper support coordinates pressure roller and ring mould to form blanketed zone, facilitates feeding scraper all to be scraped in blanketed zone by powder.
Preferably, described frame side is provided with fracture reductor, the little gear of described fracture is connected with fracture reductor by a fracture speed reducer driving shaft, fracture speed reducer driving shaft lower end is connected with fracture reductor by a fracture reductor adapter sleeve, and fracture speed reducer driving shaft upper end is propped up bearing gear little with fracture by a fracture pinion drive and is connected.
This kind of structure makes the transmission of fracture reductor gear little to fracture more steadily reliably, so that the rotation of fracture little gear driven fracture gear is more steadily reliable so that the cut-out material that fracture cuts off is more reliable and more stable.
Preferably, described frame is provided with fracture gear support frame, and frame both sides are provided with granulation anchor ear, and described granulation anchor ear upper end connects upper cover, granulation anchor ear lower end connection frame, and described base is additionally provided with coupler protective casing with corresponding position, shaft coupling position.
This kind of structure makes its overall structure more solid and reliable, runs more steadily reliable simultaneously.
Preferably, described frame side is provided with cleaner unit, and described cleaner unit connects dust draft tube, and the suction port of dust draft tube is through frame lower section pressure roller and ring mould.
This kind of structure is possible to prevent clout or waste from stacking in frame.
Preferably, described main shaft lower end is connected with frame by taper roll bearing once, it is connected with base by a main shaft conical bearing regulation plug screw bottom described lower taper roll bearing, main shaft upper end is passed through taper roll bearing on and is connected with frame, and described cycle gear oil pump is connected with upper taper roll bearing and lower taper roll bearing by gear oil pipe.
This kind of structure makes the connection of main shaft and transmission more steadily reliable.
The method of granulating of a kind of ring die pelleter, comprises the steps:
1) the cooperation powder that water content is not more than 15% passes through in loading hopper entrance briquetting machine from feeding auger;
2) mair motor drives angle gear shaft to rotate by shaft coupling, and angle gear shaft drives main axis by angle gear and bevel gear, and main shaft rotates wheel belt dynamic pressure roller by empty axle and rotates so that rotate against between pressure roller and ring mould;
3) powder drops to all be involved between ring mould and pressure roller by sweeping of feeding scraper on briquetting machine, and pressure roller and ring mould rotate against and gradually extrude powder, thus clamp-on in ring nib, shape in ring nib, and constantly extrude to ring nib outer end;
4) by fracture cutting knife, shaped particles being cut into required length again, last shaped particles stream goes out outside machine.
Preferably, in described step 4), fracture cutting knife is rotated by fracture pinion rotation, and now fracture gear rotates relative to ring mould, and the material of extrusion ring nib is cut off by fracture cutting knife.
This utility model uses the cooperation of bevel gear and angle gear to carry out drive shaft and rotates, and is possible not only to reduce noise, it is also possible to improve transmission efficiency;Simultaneously by clearances between die and rolls adjust bolt regulate the gap between ring mould and pressure roller so that its simple in construction, easy to adjust reliably;Thus improve granulate quality and granulation efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is schematic top plan view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is schematic side view of the present utility model.
null1. granulation anchor ear in figure,2. upper cover,3. loading hopper,4. dust draft tube,5. base,6. main shaft conical bearing regulation plug screw,7. mair motor,8. coupler protective casing,9. frame,10. fracture gear support frame,11. fracture reductors,The 12. little gears of fracture,13. Tai Ji flow guiding discs,14. fracture speed reducer driving shafts,15. forced air coolers,16. gear oil pipes,17. jiaos of gear shafts,18. bevel gears,19. main shafts,20. cycle gear oil pumps,21. fracture gears,22. ring moulds,23. ring die briquettings,24. ring mould anchor ears,25. pressure rollers,26. pressing plates,Taper roll bearing on 27.,28. jiaos of gears,29. times taper roll bearings,30. feeding scrapers,31. scraper supports,32. fracture cutting knifes,33. fracture reductor adapter sleeves,34. fracture pinion drive supports seat,35. shaft couplings,36. ring nibs,37. clearances between die and rolls adjust bolt,38. empty axles rotate wheel,39. cleaner units,40. gear oil inlets.
Detailed description of the invention
With work process, this utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but is not the restriction to this utility model protection domain.
As Figure 1-3; a kind of ring die pelleter; including frame 9, it is arranged on the base 5 bottom frame 9, is arranged on the mair motor 7 of base 5 side and is arranged on the upper cover 2 at frame 9 top; frame 9 top is provided with feeding mechanism; briquetting machine, deflector, drive mechanism and lubrication mechanism it is provided with in frame 5
Described feeding mechanism includes the loading hopper 3 being arranged on upper cover 2 and is arranged on the feeding scraper 30 on the downside of loading hopper 3,
Described briquetting machine includes ring mould 22, the some ring nibs 36 being arranged on ring mould 22 sidewall and two pressure rollers 25 being arranged on ring mould 22 fit inside ring mould 22 and is arranged on the clearances between die and rolls adjustment bolt 37 at pressure roller 25 two ends,
Described drive mechanism includes the main shaft 19 that band dynamic pressure roller 25 rotates, the empty through-drive wheel 38, connection mair motor 7 motor shaft and the link gear of main shaft 19 that connect main shaft 19 and pressure roller 25,
Described link gear includes being connected to the bevel gear 18 bottom main shaft 19, the angle gear 28 being engaged on bevel gear 18, angle gear shaft 17, joint angle gear shaft 17 and the shaft coupling 35 of mair motor 7 motor shaft of gear 28 rotation of drive angle;
Described lubrication mechanism includes being arranged on the cycle gear oil pump 20 of base 5 side, connecting cycle gear oil pump 20 and bevel gear 18, the gear oil pipe 16 of angle gear 28;
Described frame 9 is provided with gear oil inlet 40, and the position of gear oil inlet 40 is corresponding with the position of bevel gear 18.
Described deflector includes the Tai Ji flow guiding disc 13 being set in main shaft 19 upper end, Tai Ji flow guiding disc 13 is provided with the through hole wearing pressure roller 25, ring mould 22 top is provided with ring die briquetting 23, and ring mould 22 upper outside is provided with ring mould anchor ear 24, and cycle gear oil pump 20 connects a forced air cooler 15.
Described pressure roller 25 is fixed in pressure roller shaft by two bearings, and pressure roller shaft lower end rotates wheel 38 by lining and empty axle and fixes, and nip drum axle upper end is compressed by pressing plate 26, and pressure roller shaft is eccentric shaft, and clearances between die and rolls adjusts bolt 37 and is fixed on nip drum axle top.
Outer ring, described ring mould 22 upper end is provided with circuit device, circuit device includes fracture gear 21, drives the little gear of fracture 12 that fracture gear 21 rotates and the fracture cutting knife 32 being arranged on fracture gear 21, and feeding scraper 30 is fixed on main shaft 19 upper end by a scraper support 31.
Described frame 9 side is provided with fracture reductor 11, the little gear of fracture 12 is connected with fracture reductor 11 by a fracture speed reducer driving shaft 14, fracture speed reducer driving shaft 14 lower end is connected with fracture reductor 11 by a fracture reductor adapter sleeve 33, and fracture speed reducer driving shaft 14 upper end is propped up bearing 34 gear little with fracture 12 by a fracture pinion drive and is connected.
Described frame 9 is provided with fracture gear support frame 10, and frame 9 both sides are provided with granulation anchor ear 1, and granulation anchor ear 1 upper end connects upper cover 2, granulation anchor ear 1 lower end connection frame 9, and base 5 is additionally provided with coupler protective casing 8 with corresponding position, shaft coupling 35 position.
Described frame 9 side is provided with cleaner unit 39, and cleaner unit 39 connects dust draft tube 4, and the suction port of dust draft tube 4 is through the frame 9 lower section pressure roller 25 and ring mould 22.
Described main shaft 19 lower end is connected with frame by taper roll bearing 29 once, it is connected with base by a main shaft conical bearing regulation plug screw 6 bottom lower taper roll bearing 29, main shaft 19 upper end is passed through taper roll bearing 27 on and is connected with frame 9, and cycle gear oil pump 20 is connected with upper taper roll bearing 27 and lower taper roll bearing 29 by gear oil pipe 16.
The method of granulating of a kind of ring die pelleter, comprises the steps:
1) the cooperation powder that water content is not more than 15% passes through in loading hopper entrance briquetting machine from feeding auger;
2) mair motor drives angle gear shaft to rotate by shaft coupling, and angle gear shaft drives main axis by angle gear and bevel gear, and main shaft rotates wheel belt dynamic pressure roller by empty axle and rotates so that rotate against between pressure roller and ring mould;
3) powder drops to all be involved between ring mould and pressure roller by sweeping of feeding scraper on briquetting machine, and pressure roller and ring mould rotate against and gradually extrude powder, thus clamp-on in ring nib, shape in ring nib, and constantly extrude to ring nib outer end;
4) by fracture cutting knife, shaped particles being cut into required length again, last shaped particles stream goes out outside machine.
In step 4), fracture cutting knife is rotated by fracture pinion rotation, and now fracture gear rotates relative to ring mould, and the material of extrusion ring nib is cut off by fracture cutting knife.
In this utility model, the position of fracture cutting knife coordinates the length of finished particle (cylindrical particle).
This utility model uses the cooperation of bevel gear and angle gear to carry out drive shaft and rotates, and is possible not only to reduce noise, it is also possible to improve transmission efficiency;Simultaneously by clearances between die and rolls adjust bolt regulate the gap between ring mould and pressure roller so that its simple in construction, easy to adjust reliably;Thus improve granulate quality and granulation efficiency.

Claims (8)

1. a ring die pelleter; it is characterized in that: it includes frame, is arranged on the base bottom frame, is arranged on the mair motor of base side and is arranged on the upper cover of frame top; described frame top is provided with feeding mechanism; briquetting machine, deflector, drive mechanism and lubrication mechanism it is provided with in frame
Described feeding mechanism includes being arranged on the loading hopper covered and being arranged on the feeding scraper on the downside of loading hopper,
Described briquetting machine includes ring mould, the some ring nibs being arranged on ring mould sidewall and several pressure rollers being arranged on ring mould fit inside ring mould and is arranged on the clearances between die and rolls adjustment bolt at pressure roller two ends,
Described drive mechanism includes the main shaft that band dynamic pressure roller rotates, the empty through-drive wheel, connection mair motor motor shaft and the link gear of main shaft that connect main shaft and pressure roller,
Described link gear includes being connected to the bevel gear bottom main shaft, the angle gear being engaged on bevel gear, angle gear shaft, joint angle gear shaft and the shaft coupling of mair motor motor shaft of drive angle pinion rotation;
Gear oil cooler, connection cycle gear oil pump and bevel gear, the gear oil pipe of angle gear that described lubrication mechanism includes the cycle gear oil pump being arranged on base side, is connected on cycle gear oil pump;
Described frame is provided with gear oil inlet, and the position of described gear oil inlet is corresponding with the position of bevel gear.
A kind of ring die pelleter the most according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described deflector includes being set in the Tai Ji flow guiding disc of main shaft upper end; described Tai Ji flow guiding disc is provided with the through hole wearing pressure roller; the quantity of described pressure roller and through hole is two; described ring mould top is provided with ring die briquetting; ring mould upper outside is provided with ring mould anchor ear, and described gear oil cooler is forced air cooler.
A kind of ring die pelleter the most according to claim 2; it is characterized in that: described pressure roller is fixed in pressure roller shaft by two bearings; it is fixing that described pressure roller shaft lower end rotates wheel by lining and empty axle; nip drum axle upper end is compressed by pressing plate; described pressure roller shaft is eccentric shaft, and described clearances between die and rolls adjusts and is bolted to nip drum axle top.
A kind of ring die pelleter the most according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: outer ring, described ring mould upper end is provided with circuit device; described circuit device includes fracture gear, the little gear of fracture driving fracture pinion rotation and the fracture cutting knife being arranged on fracture gear, and described feeding scraper is fixed on main shaft upper end by a scraper support.
A kind of ring die pelleter the most according to claim 4; it is characterized in that: described frame side is provided with fracture reductor; the little gear of described fracture is connected with fracture reductor by a fracture speed reducer driving shaft; fracture speed reducer driving shaft lower end is connected with fracture reductor by a fracture reductor adapter sleeve, and fracture speed reducer driving shaft upper end is propped up bearing gear little with fracture by a fracture pinion drive and is connected.
A kind of ring die pelleter the most according to claim 5; it is characterized in that: described frame is provided with fracture gear support frame; frame both sides are provided with granulation anchor ear; described granulation anchor ear upper end connects upper cover; granulation anchor ear lower end connection frame, described base is additionally provided with coupler protective casing with corresponding position, shaft coupling position.
A kind of ring die pelleter the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described frame side is provided with cleaner unit, and described cleaner unit connects dust draft tube, and the suction port of dust draft tube is through frame lower section pressure roller and ring mould.
A kind of ring die pelleter the most according to claim 7; it is characterized in that: described main shaft lower end is connected with frame by taper roll bearing once; it is connected with base by a main shaft conical bearing regulation plug screw bottom described lower taper roll bearing; main shaft upper end is passed through taper roll bearing on and is connected with frame, and described cycle gear oil pump is connected with upper taper roll bearing and lower taper roll bearing by gear oil pipe.
CN201521122698.0U 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Ring die pelleter Expired - Fee Related CN205435669U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521122698.0U CN205435669U (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Ring die pelleter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521122698.0U CN205435669U (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Ring die pelleter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205435669U true CN205435669U (en) 2016-08-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201521122698.0U Expired - Fee Related CN205435669U (en) 2015-12-31 2015-12-31 Ring die pelleter

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105664791A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-15 杭州中肯新能源科技有限公司 Hoop standard granulator and granulation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105664791A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-15 杭州中肯新能源科技有限公司 Hoop standard granulator and granulation method thereof
CN105664791B (en) * 2015-12-31 2018-03-06 杭州杭旭科技咨询有限公司 A kind of ring die pelleter and its method of granulating

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160810

Termination date: 20161231