CN205415056U - Be applied to plate -like parts milling process's special frock of graduation - Google Patents

Be applied to plate -like parts milling process's special frock of graduation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205415056U
CN205415056U CN201620208103.1U CN201620208103U CN205415056U CN 205415056 U CN205415056 U CN 205415056U CN 201620208103 U CN201620208103 U CN 201620208103U CN 205415056 U CN205415056 U CN 205415056U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
clamp jaw
workbench
base plate
drive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620208103.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘泽刚
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Xindu Dafeng Pengyu Machinery Factory
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Xindu Dafeng Pengyu Machinery Factory
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Priority to CN201620208103.1U priority Critical patent/CN205415056U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205415056U publication Critical patent/CN205415056U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a be applied to plate -like parts milling process's special frock of graduation belongs to the special frock of milling process among the machining equipment technical field, and its aim at provides the be applied to plate -like parts milling process's special frock of graduation that the graduation is effectual, dividing accuracy is high. Its technical scheme does: including the workstation, the workstation includes roof and bottom plate, is connected through four spinal branch daggers between roof and the bottom plate, set up cross sliding groove on the roof, all be provided with the clamp jaw in cross sliding groove 's the every spout, being equipped with on the bottom plate and rotating the groove, the support column joint is in rotating the inslot and can following the orbit that rotates the groove and rotate, central equipartition around the roof on the roof has a plurality of interior guide lines, and the central equipartition around the bottom plate on the bottom plate has a plurality of outer guide lines, and the line number of interior guide line is different with the line number of outer guide line, be equipped with between the rotation groove on the bottom plate and be used for driving the jack catch actuating mechanism that the clamp jaw removed. The utility model is suitable for a special frock that milling process used.

Description

A kind of indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process
Technical field
This utility model belongs to machining equipment technical field, relates to the special tooling of a kind of Milling Process.
Background technology
Milling Process refers to use the multiple-cutting-edge tool cutting workpiece rotated, and is efficient processing method.During Milling Process, cutter rotates (primary movement), and workpiece moves (making feed motion), and workpiece can also be fixed, but the cutter now rotated must also move (completing main motion and feed motion) simultaneously.
Bearing (ball) cover is exactly a kind of common Plate-shaped parts.In prior art, when bearing (ball) cover bores Milling Machining on lathe, need to use clamp for bearing end cover.General bearing fixture is non-adjustable, may be only available for the bearing (ball) cover of single specification, when the bearing (ball) cover of another kind of specification needs to add man-hour, is necessary for the clamp for bearing end cover more renewed, it is impossible to realize the quick-replaceable of fixture.Need to prepare Multiple Type, the clamp for bearing end cover of specification when generally processing a collection of bearing (ball) cover, in a disguised form add the making amount of clamp for bearing end cover, and often develop a new product and will again make a whole set of fixture, cause the development cost height of fixture, cycle long, add processing cost.
For this, the utility model of Application No. 201220454740.9 discloses a kind of end cap and bores milling quick change type clamp, it includes that shell A and the shell B, described shell A and shell B adaptive with shell A use shell to install seam and combine, arrange quick-changing type location key seat in furniture switch front end.Operationally, quick-changing type location key seat is arranged on the groove of shell A, then by the pin-and-hole of alignment pin alignment housings B, then by pull bar tension and compression centre bore face clamping shell A and shell B, is allowed to combine.
Existing milling tool is when carrying out clamping to such part of dish, and such part of dish is substantially simply clamped or compresses by it, it is achieved the clamping of Plate-shaped parts.But, Plate-shaped parts is when carrying out Milling Process, active force between milling cutter and Plate-shaped parts is bigger, and when using merely the mode clamping Plate-shaped parts of clamping or compression, active force between fixture and Plate-shaped parts is less, Plate-shaped parts easily being produced on fixture slide, even fly out fixture, causes the personal injury of workman.And existing Plate-shaped parts is when being processed, most of Plate-shaped parts need on its end face the uniform multiple groove of milling or hole, so that Plate-shaped parts is indexed, and prior art makes substantially to use and manually measures indexing carrying out indexing, making the indexing effect indexing special tooling relatively low, indexing accuracy is poor.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is that providing a kind of indexes the indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process effective, that indexing accuracy is high.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process, including workbench, described workbench includes top board and base plate, is connected by four support columns between described top board and base plate;Offer cross chute on described top board, in every chute of described cross chute, be provided with clamp jaw;Described base plate is provided with rotation slot, and described support column is connected in rotation slot and can be along the track rotation of rotation slot;On described top board, the center around top board is evenly equipped with some interior reticules, and on described base plate, the center around base plate is evenly equipped with some outer reticules, and the line number of described interior reticule is different from the line number of outer reticule;The claw drive mechanism for driving clamp jaw to move it is provided with between rotation slot on described base plate.
Preferably, two groups of hold down gags it are provided with on described workbench, described hold down gag includes hydraulic unit driver and swing arm, the hydraulic unit driver of two groups of hold down gags lays respectively at left and right or the front and back both sides of workbench, the output shaft end of described hydraulic unit driver connects has connecting rod, the two ends of described connecting rod to be all hinged with connecting rod;The swing arm often organizing hold down gag arranges two, and the bottom of two swing arms is hingedly connected to the two ends of workbench side, and the middle part of the swing arm that the other end of the connecting rod at described connecting rod two ends lays respectively at workbench two ends correspondence position is articulated and connected;It is connected between swing arm end and the swing arm of workbench opposite side corresponding position of certain side on workbench and has gangbar.
Preferably, described claw drive mechanism is fluid pressure drive device, and the position of described fluid pressure drive device correspondence clamp jaw arranges four groups, and the clamp jaw of the output shaft and corresponding position of often organizing fluid pressure drive device is connected and drives clamp jaw to move along the length direction of chute.
Preferably, described claw drive mechanism includes drive bevel gear and screw mandrel, described drive bevel gear be installed on base plate and around drive bevel gear axis rotate, described screw mandrel is four groups, often the position of group screw mandrel correspondence clamp jaw is arranged, and in screw rod bushing is located at the screwed hole of clamp jaw and threaded with clamp jaw, on described screw mandrel, the side near drive bevel gear is provided with driven wheel of differential, and the driven wheel of differential on four groups of screw mandrels all engages with drive bevel gear.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
In this utility model, workbench being offered cross chute, be provided with clamp jaw in every chute of cross chute, clamp jaw can slide in chute, it is achieved the clamping to workpiece;Base plate arranges rotation slot, and support column is connected in rotation slot, make top board and support column can rotate on base plate, thus the diverse location of Plate-shaped parts can be carried out Milling Process;By arranging some interior reticules around its central distribution on top board, base plate arranges some outer reticules around its central distribution, and the line number of interior reticule is different from the line number of outer reticule, thus the number of degrees represented between adjacent two reticules on top board are different from the number of degrees represented between adjacent two outer reticules on base plate, thereby through its zero graduation line position at place on base plate when this number of degrees difference and top panel turns, on top board, graduation mark with base plate high scale line can calculate the angle of top panel turns, thus realize the accurate indexing of the Plate-shaped parts on top board i.e. top board, the efficiency of indexing is high, the precision of indexing is high.Both sides in the working day arrange hold down gag, the hydraulic unit driver of hold down gag can drive the connecting rod on its output shaft to move up and down, the i.e. swing arm of drivening rod is rotated by moving up and down of connecting rod, swing arm rotates and the gangbar realized between swing arm is the most just moved up and down, it is achieved to the compression of workpiece, unclamp;Workpiece can be clamped by clamp jaw, gangbar, be compressed by this special function, the active force between workpiece and special tooling is made to increase, improve the special tooling clamping active force to workpiece, effectively prevent workpiece from sliding on special tooling, user is caused personal injury by the special tooling that even flies out, thus increases substantially the security performance of special tooling.In addition, claw drive mechanism for driving clamp jaw to move includes being positioned at the drive bevel gear of center, drive bevel gear be circumferentially with screw mandrel, the position of screw mandrel, quantity and the position of clamp jaw, quantity is suitable, and clamp jaw is set on the screw mandrel of correspondence position, both realize threaded, the driven wheel of differential of screw mandrel end engages with drive bevel gear, drive bevel gear rotates will drive driven wheel of differential, screw mandrel rotates, screw mandrel rotates and will drive clamp jaw the moving axially along screw mandrel on screw mandrel, thus realize moving and stepping up or unclamp workpiece of clamp jaw, make to organize clamp jaw more and be capable of linkage, improve the mobile efficiency of clamp jaw, can be convenient, efficiently workpiece is carried out clamping.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of workbench in this utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of hold down gag in this utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of claw drive mechanism in this utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, this utility model is described further:
A kind of indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process, this special tooling is mainly used in treating the Plate-shaped parts of Milling Process and carries out clamping.This special tooling includes workbench 1, and this workbench 1 includes top board 11 and base plate 12, is attached by four support columns 13 between this top board 11 and base plate 12, and four support columns 13 are positioned at top board 11, the corner of base plate 12.Offering cross chute 14 on the top board 11 of workbench 1, this cross chute 14 has orthogonal four chutes to be intersected in same point and formed.Being provided with clamp jaw 3 in each chute of this cross chute 14, this clamp jaw 3 can move length direction along chute in chute.The clamping to workpiece can be realized by the movement of clamp jaw 3.It is provided with hierarchic structure on the end face of this clamp jaw 3, and this hierarchic structure is at least provided with two-layer.By arranging hierarchic structure on clamp jaw 3, the workpiece of different size, shape can be clamped thereby through the hierarchic structure on this clamp jaw 3.Being provided with the rotation slot 121 of circle on base plate 12, the support column 13 for connecting bottom board 12 and top board 11 is connected in this rotation slot 121, and this support column 13 can move track along rotation slot 121 in rotation slot 121, it is achieved top board 11 can rotate on base plate 12.Being evenly equipped with some interior reticules 111 on this top board 11, these some interior reticules 111 are evenly distributed on top board 11 centered by the center of top board 11.Some outer reticules 122 it are evenly equipped with, if should be evenly distributed on base plate 11 centered by the center of base plate 11 by outer reticule 122 on this base plate 12.Additionally, the line number of reticule 111 is different from the line number of outer reticule 122 on base plate 12 on top board 11 so that the number of degrees representated by between the number of degrees two outer reticules 122 adjacent from base plate 12 representative between reticule 111 in adjacent two on top board 11 are different.Being provided with jaw driving device on this base plate 12, this jaw driving device is arranged between the rotation slot 121 on base plate 12, and this jaw driving device is mainly used in driving clamp jaw 3 to move.
Offering cross chute on workbench, be provided with clamp jaw in every chute of cross chute, clamp jaw can slide in chute, it is achieved the clamping to workpiece;Base plate arranges rotation slot, and support column is connected in rotation slot, make top board and support column can rotate on base plate, thus the diverse location of Plate-shaped parts can be carried out Milling Process;By arranging some interior reticules around its central distribution on top board, base plate arranges some outer reticules around its central distribution, and the line number of interior reticule is different from the line number of outer reticule, thus the number of degrees represented between adjacent two reticules on top board are different from the number of degrees represented between adjacent two outer reticules on base plate, thereby through its zero graduation line position at place on base plate when this number of degrees difference and top panel turns, on top board, graduation mark with base plate high scale line can calculate the angle of top panel turns, thus realize the accurate indexing of the Plate-shaped parts on top board i.e. top board, the efficiency of indexing is high, the precision of indexing is high.
Preferred embodiment, on the basis of above-described embodiment, this workbench 1 is additionally provided with two groups of hold down gags 2, and this compression hold down gag 2 lays respectively at left and right or the front and back both sides of workbench 1.This hold down gag 2 includes hydraulic unit driver 21 and swing arm 25, this hydraulic unit driver 21 is arranged at the medium position of workbench 1 side, owing to being provided with two groups of hold down gags 2, thus just including two hydraulic unit drivers 21, two hydraulic unit drivers 21 are respectively arranged on the left and right of working day or the side of front and back both sides.The output shaft end of this hydraulic unit driver 21 connects connecting rod 22, and this connecting rod 22 is parallel with workbench 1, and the medium position of this connecting rod 22 is connected with the output shaft of hydraulic unit driver 21, and the output shaft being hydraulically operated device 21 drives it to move up and down.The two ends of connecting rod 22 are all hinged with connecting rod 23, and two connecting rods 23 can be freely rotatable around respective jointed shaft in same connecting rod 22.Often group hold down gag 2 includes two swing arms 25, and the swing arm 25 of same group of hold down gag 2 is positioned at the both sides of workbench 1 same side, and the bottom of this swing arm 25 is hinged on the side of workbench 1, makes the swing arm 25 can be freely rotatable on the side of workbench 1.To should the end of connecting rod 23 of swing arm 25 position be articulated and connected in the middle part of swing arm 25 hinged on workbench 1 and connecting rod 22, being connected between the end of swing arm 25 and the swing arm 25 of workbench 1 opposite side corresponding position has gangbar 26.
Offering cross chute 14 on workbench 1, be provided with clamp jaw 3 in every chute of cross chute 14, clamp jaw 3 can slide in chute, it is achieved the clamping to workpiece;Both sides in the working day arrange hold down gag 2, the hydraulic unit driver 21 of hold down gag 2 can drive the connecting rod 22 on its output shaft to move up and down, drivening rod 23 i.e. swing arm 25 is rotated by moving up and down of connecting rod 22, swing arm 25 rotates and the gangbar 26 realized between swing arm 25 is moved up and down above workbench 1, it is achieved to the compression of workpiece, unclamp;Workpiece can be clamped by clamp jaw 3, gangbar 26, be compressed by this special function, the active force between workpiece and special tooling is made to increase, improve the special tooling clamping active force to workpiece, effectively prevent workpiece from sliding on special tooling, user is caused personal injury by the special tooling that even flies out, thus increases substantially the security performance of special tooling.
Preferred embodiment, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned claw drive mechanism uses fluid pressure drive device, and this fluid pressure drive device is also provided with four groups, and four groups of corresponding four clamp jaws 3 of fluid pressure drive device are arranged.The clamp jaw 3 of the output shaft and corresponding position of often organizing fluid pressure drive device is connected, and this fluid pressure drive device can drive the clamp jaw 3 of corresponding position to connect and drive clamp jaw 3 to move along the length direction of chute.
Preferred embodiment, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned claw drive mechanism uses the structure of screw mandrel 33 pair of nut, and it includes drive bevel gear 31 and screw mandrel 33, and this drive bevel gear 31 is arranged on base plate 12, and can be freely rotatable on base plate 12.This screw mandrel 33 is set to four groups, and often the position of the corresponding clamp jaw 3 of group screw mandrel 33 is arranged.Screw mandrel 33 is threadeded with the clamp jaw 3 of corresponding position, and screw mandrel 33 is threadeded with clamp jaw 3 after the screwed hole on clamp jaw 3.Thus when screw mandrel 33 rotates, axis along screw mandrel 33 on screw mandrel 33 is moved by the clamp jaw 3 on this screw mandrel 33.On every screw mandrel 33, the side near drive bevel gear 31 is provided with driven wheel of differential 32, and the spaced 90 ° of tailing edge drive bevel gear 31 of four driven wheels of differential 32 on four groups of screw mandrels 33 is circumferentially disposed, and four driven wheels of differential 32 all engage with drive bevel gear 31.
Claw drive mechanism for driving clamp jaw 3 to move includes being positioned at the drive bevel gear 31 of center, drive bevel gear 31 be circumferentially with screw mandrel 33, the position of screw mandrel 33, quantity and the position of clamp jaw 3, quantity is suitable, and clamp jaw 3 is set on the screw mandrel 33 of correspondence position, both realize threaded, the driven wheel of differential 32 of screw mandrel 33 end engages with drive bevel gear 31, drive bevel gear 31 rotates and will drive driven wheel of differential 32, screw mandrel 33 rotates, screw mandrel 33 rotates and will drive clamp jaw 3 the moving axially along screw mandrel 33 on screw mandrel 33, thus realize moving and stepping up or unclamp workpiece of clamp jaw 3, make to organize clamp jaw 3 more and be capable of linkage, improve the mobile efficiency of clamp jaw 3, can be convenient, efficiently workpiece is carried out clamping.

Claims (4)

1. the indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process, including workbench (1), it is characterized in that: described workbench (1) includes top board (11) and base plate (12), be connected by four support columns (13) between described top board (11) with base plate (12);Offer cross chute (14) on described top board (11), in every chute of described cross chute (14), be provided with clamp jaw (3);Described base plate (12) is provided with rotation slot (121), and described support column (13) is connected in rotation slot (121) and can be along the track rotation of rotation slot (121);On described top board (11), the center around top board (11) is evenly equipped with some interior reticules (111), on described base plate (12), the center around base plate (12) is evenly equipped with some outer reticules (122), and the line number of described interior reticule (111) is different from the line number of outer reticule (122);The claw drive mechanism for driving clamp jaw (3) movement it is provided with between rotation slot (121) on described base plate (12).
A kind of indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process, it is characterized in that: on described workbench (1), be provided with two groups of hold down gags (2), described hold down gag (2) includes hydraulic unit driver (21) and swing arm (25), the hydraulic unit driver (21) of two groups of hold down gags (2) lays respectively at left and right or the front and back both sides of workbench (1), the output shaft end of described hydraulic unit driver (21) connects has connecting rod (22), the two ends of described connecting rod (22) to be all hinged with connecting rod (23);The swing arm (25) often organizing hold down gag (2) arranges two, and the bottom of two swing arms (25) is hingedly connected to the two ends of workbench (1) certain side, the other end of the connecting rod (23) at described connecting rod (22) two ends middle part with the swing arm (25) being positioned at workbench (1) two ends correspondence position respectively is articulated and connected;It is connected between swing arm (25) end and the swing arm (25) of workbench (1) opposite side corresponding position of workbench (1) certain side upper and has gangbar (26).
A kind of indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process, it is characterized in that: described claw drive mechanism is fluid pressure drive device, the position of described fluid pressure drive device correspondence clamp jaw (3) arranges four groups, and the clamp jaw (3) of the output shaft and corresponding position of often organizing fluid pressure drive device is connected and drives clamp jaw (3) to move along the length direction of chute.
A kind of indexing special tooling being applied to Plate-shaped parts Milling Process, it is characterized in that: described claw drive mechanism includes drive bevel gear (31) and screw mandrel (33), described drive bevel gear (31) is installed on upper and around drive bevel gear (31) the axis of base plate (12) and rotates, described screw mandrel (33) is four groups, the position often organizing the corresponding clamp jaw (3) of screw mandrel (33) is arranged, and in screw mandrel (33) is set in the screwed hole of clamp jaw (3) and threaded with clamp jaw (3), the upper side near drive bevel gear (31) of described screw mandrel (33) is provided with driven wheel of differential (32), driven wheel of differential (32) on four groups of screw mandrels (33) all engages with drive bevel gear (31).
CN201620208103.1U 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Be applied to plate -like parts milling process's special frock of graduation Expired - Fee Related CN205415056U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620208103.1U CN205415056U (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Be applied to plate -like parts milling process's special frock of graduation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620208103.1U CN205415056U (en) 2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Be applied to plate -like parts milling process's special frock of graduation

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CN205415056U true CN205415056U (en) 2016-08-03

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160803

Termination date: 20170318

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee