CN205389716U - Institutional advancement type sunlight greenhouse - Google Patents

Institutional advancement type sunlight greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205389716U
CN205389716U CN201620178448.7U CN201620178448U CN205389716U CN 205389716 U CN205389716 U CN 205389716U CN 201620178448 U CN201620178448 U CN 201620178448U CN 205389716 U CN205389716 U CN 205389716U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wall
front roof
styrofoam
heliogreenhouse
roofing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620178448.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏珉
白伟涛
李清明
李岩
王秀峰
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Agricultural University filed Critical Shandong Agricultural University
Priority to CN201620178448.7U priority Critical patent/CN205389716U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205389716U publication Critical patent/CN205389716U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model provides an institutional advancement type sunlight greenhouse, including preceding roofing, rear roof, back wall, side wall, canopy membrane and heat preservation quilt, roofing footing basis before preceding roofing bottom is equipped with, sunlight greenhouse sits in the north facing the south, the thing extension, and indoor subsurface digs, preceding roofing is lighting roof, is the contained angle with the horizon, and the skeleton of preceding roofing is formed by the galvanized steel pipe assembly, side wall and back wall are the heterogeneous composite wall of basic brick wall and polyphenyl board constitution, rear roof is the heterogeneous composite construction of concrete and polyphenyl board constitution, the polyphenyl board is buried underground to the outside, the below ground on back wall, side wall and preceding roofing footing basis, the canopy membrane is covered on the skeleton of preceding roofing with keeping warm. The utility model provides an institutional advancement type sunlight greenhouse has down the formula of digging sunlight greenhouse and ground flat sunlight greenhouse's advantage concurrently, and the daylighting performance is good, the thermal heat storage performance is good, and the space is big, and environmental performance is stable, intensity is high, long service life.

Description

A kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of facility agriculture, be specifically related to a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse.
Background technology
Heliogreenhouse is the main horticultural production facility of the northern area of China winter-spring season, it is possible to produce happiness temperature fruit and vegerable under condition of not heating in the winter time, energy-saving and environmental protection, efficiently, to meeting people's life requirement and promoting that increasing peasant income are got rich and played important function.Heliogreenhouse is with sunlight for the energy, and illumination condition is the main environment factor affecting heliogreenhouse performance, it is possible to daylighting is the main target of heliogreenhouse design to greatest extent.Meanwhile, solar greenhouse wall body, rear roofing, at heat storing and heat preserving important role, are also that sunlight greenhouse structure designs the key factor that must take into.
The heliogreenhouse of current China digs formula heliogreenhouse and altitude azimuth form heliogreenhouse two types under mainly including.The former digs under flooring, is built into generous body of wall with mound, and construction cost is relatively low, thermal isolation and heat storage better performances, but body of wall is thick, and land utilization ratio is low, and unreasonable under dig be easily caused body of wall cave in, summer Waterlogging, the problem such as ground temperature is low, high humidity, illumination is weak, plant growth is bad;Latter configuration consolidates, and land utilization ratio is higher, but construction cost is higher, and most greenhouse front roof angle and the interior space little, operation management inconvenience, add that wall body structure is unreasonable, lighting heat preserving poor-performing, winter, indoor temperature was low.The problems referred to above have impact on the rapidly and efficiently development of green house to a certain extent.
Summary of the invention
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model provides a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse, it is possible to the problem such as solve lighting heat preserving poor-performing that current heliogreenhouse exists preferably, the interior space is less, land utilization ratio is relatively low.This utility model is adapted at Shandong District and close geographic latitude and the popularization and application of weather conditions area.
The technical solution of the utility model is: provide a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse, including front roof, rear roofing, Hou Qiang, side wall, canopy film and insulation quilt, being provided with front roof footing basis bottom described front roof, described heliogreenhouse sits in the north facing the south, thing extends, and digs under flooring;Described front roof is lighting roof, is angle with ground level, and the skeleton of front roof is assembled by coating steel pipe;Described side wall and rear wall all based on the Heterogeneous Composite body of wall that constitutes of brick wall and styrofoam;Described rear roofing is concrete and the Heterogeneous Composite structure of styrofoam composition;Described rear wall, side wall and the outside on front roof footing basis, below ground bury styrofoam underground;Described canopy film and insulation quilt are covered on the skeleton of front roof.
Preferably, heliogreenhouse thing length is 10m, and digging the degree of depth under indoor is 0.5m, and ridge height is 5.2m, and rear wall height is 4.0m, and the peak projection on the ground distance from rear wall is 1.2m, and the lighting roof elevation angle is 30.6 °, and the rear roofing elevation angle is 45 °.
Preferably, rear wall and side wall all based on the Heterogeneous Composite body of wall that constitutes of brick wall and styrofoam, inner side is brick mix structure, thickness 60cm, and outside is the additional linked network mortar of thickness 10cm styrofoam, and encapsulation process is made in styrofoam joint.
Preferably, described rear roofing is Heterogeneous Composite structure, is followed successively by 60mm lightweight precast concrete plate, 6mm felt, 100mm styrofoam, 40mm microlith mortar, 20mm cement mortar, 4mmSBS waterproof layer from the inside to the outside.
Preferably, the skeleton of front roof is assembled by coating steel pipe, bow member is truss structure, and including exterior string, interior string, web member and pull bar, exterior string is Φ 32 × 2mm steel pipe, interior string is Φ 25 × 2mm steel pipe, web member is Φ 10mm reinforcing bar, and east-west direction is spaced apart 1m, and pull bar extends along east-west direction, pull bar adopts Φ 25 × 2mm steel pipe, and bow member is connected by fixture with pull bar.
Preferably, the upper end of described the greenhouse basic and rear wall of front roof footing, it is respectively equipped with and builds the cement collar tie beam that thickness is 20cm, described cement collar tie beam is provided with built-in fitting, and bow member upper and lower end is separately fixed on built-in fitting.
Preferably, it is close to described rear wall, side wall and the outside on front roof footing basis, below ground and buries thickness 10cm styrofoam, buried depth 50cm underground.
Preferably, described canopy film covers on the skeleton of greenhouse front roof, and described insulation quilt covers on canopy film;One end, described greenhouse is provided with between import and export or buffering.
The technical solution of the utility model has the advantages that the structure-improved heliogreenhouse provided, and has down the advantage digging formula heliogreenhouse with altitude azimuth form heliogreenhouse concurrently, improves front roof angle, improve lighting performance;Adopting Heterogeneous Composite structure wall, styrofoam is external, buries styrofoam in surrounding ground underground, blocks soil laterally heat transfer, digs under flooring, and thermal isolation and heat storage performance is good, and without column, the interior space is big, and easy to operate, environmental performance is stable;Skeleton adopts coating steel pipe truss structure, and intensity is high, long service life.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical program, accompanying drawing will be briefly described below, it is therefore apparent that for those of ordinary skills, under the premise not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse that this utility model embodiment provides.
In figure: front roof 1, rear wall 2, rear roofing 3, canopy film 4, skeleton 5, insulation quilt 6, brick mix wall 7, styrofoam linked network screed 8, front roof footing basis 9.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art be more fully understood that the technical solution of the utility model, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in this utility model embodiment, the technical solution of the utility model is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is only this utility model part, rather than all.Based on embodiment of the present utility model, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under not making creative work premise, all should belong to the scope of this utility model protection.
As it is shown in figure 1, disclosure embodiment provides a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse, the part such as including front roof 1, rear wall 2, rear roofing 3, canopy film 4, skeleton 5, insulation quilt 6 and side wall, described heliogreenhouse sits in the north facing the south, and thing extends.
In disclosure embodiment, described heliogreenhouse span A is 10m, under to dig degree of depth D be 0.5m, ridge height C is 5.2m, and rear wall height B is 4.0m, and the peak projection on ground is from rear wall 1.2m, and lighting roof angle α is 30.6 °, and rear roofing elevation angle β is 45 °;Described rear wall 2 and side wall all based on the Heterogeneous Composite body of wall that constitutes of brick wall and styrofoam, inner side is the mixed wall 7 of brick, and thickness 60cm, outside is the additional linked network mortar 8 of thickness 10cm styrofoam, and encapsulation process is made in styrofoam joint;The outside, basis of described rear wall, side wall and front footing, below ground bury thickness 10cm styrofoam, buried depth 50cm underground, cut off soil laterally heat transfer.
In disclosure embodiment, described skeleton 5 all adopts coating steel pipe to be assembled, bow member is truss structure, exterior string adopts Φ 32 × 2mm steel pipe, and interior string adopts Φ 25 × 2mm steel pipe, and web member adopts Φ 10mm reinforcing bar, east-west direction arranges 1 every 1m, without column, longitudinal tie adopts Φ 25 × 2mm steel pipe, and bow member adopts special mould clamp to be connected with pull bar;Before described greenhouse, the upper end of footing basis and rear wall, builds thickness 20cm cement collar tie beam respectively, and the upper and lower end of skeleton 5 is separately fixed on the built-in fitting of collar tie beam.
In disclosure embodiment, described rear roofing 2 is Heterogeneous Composite structure, and material is followed successively by 60mm lightweight precast concrete plate, 6mm felt, 100mm styrofoam, 40mm microlith mortar, 20mm cement mortar, 4mmSBS waterproof layer from the inside to the outside.
In disclosure embodiment, described canopy film 4 covers on the skeleton of greenhouse front roof, fixes with film-pressing line and draw-in groove;Described insulation quilt 6 is at intemperance season and time period covering and heat insulating;One end, described greenhouse is provided with (not shown) between import and export or buffering.
The above is only detailed description of the invention of the present utility model, makes to skilled artisans appreciate that or realize this utility model.The multiple amendment of these embodiments be will be apparent to one skilled in the art, and generic principles defined herein without departing from spirit or scope situation of the present utility model, can realize in other embodiments.Therefore, this utility model is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to the widest scope consistent with principles disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (8)

1. a structure-improved heliogreenhouse, including front roof, rear roofing, Hou Qiang, side wall, canopy film and insulation quilt, is provided with front roof footing basis, it is characterised in that described heliogreenhouse sits in the north facing the south bottom described front roof, thing extends, and digs under flooring;Described front roof is lighting roof, is angle with ground level, and the skeleton of front roof is assembled by coating steel pipe;Described side wall and rear wall all based on the Heterogeneous Composite body of wall that constitutes of brick wall and styrofoam;Described rear roofing is concrete and the Heterogeneous Composite structure of styrofoam composition;Described rear wall, side wall and the outside on front roof footing basis, below ground bury styrofoam underground;Described canopy film and insulation quilt are covered on the skeleton of front roof.
2. a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, heliogreenhouse thing length is 10m, digging the degree of depth under indoor is 0.5m, ridge height is 5.2m, and rear wall height is 4.0m, and the peak projection on the ground distance from rear wall is 1.2m, the lighting roof elevation angle is 30.6 °, and the rear roofing elevation angle is 45 °.
3. a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, rear wall and side wall all based on the Heterogeneous Composite body of wall that constitutes of brick wall and styrofoam, inner side is brick mix structure, thickness 60cm, outside is the additional linked network mortar of thickness 10cm styrofoam, is tightly connected between adjacent two pieces of styrofoam.
4. a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described rear roofing is Heterogeneous Composite structure, is followed successively by 60mm lightweight precast concrete plate, 6mm felt, 100mm styrofoam, 40mm microlith mortar, 20mm cement mortar, 4mmSBS waterproof layer from the inside to the outside.
5. a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the skeleton of front roof is assembled by coating steel pipe, and bow member is truss structure, including exterior string, interior string, web member and pull bar, exterior string is Φ 32 × 2mm steel pipe, and interior string is Φ 25 × 2mm steel pipe, and web member is Φ 10mm reinforcing bar, east-west direction is spaced apart 1m, pull bar extends along east-west direction, and pull bar adopts Φ 25 × 2mm steel pipe, and bow member is connected by fixture with pull bar.
6. a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the upper end of described the greenhouse basic and rear wall of front roof footing is respectively equipped with and builds the cement collar tie beam that thickness is 20cm, described cement collar tie beam is provided with built-in fitting, and bow member upper and lower end is separately fixed on built-in fitting.
7. a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be close to described rear wall, side wall and the outside on front roof footing basis, below ground and bury thickness 10cm styrofoam, buried depth 50cm underground.
8. a kind of structure-improved heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described canopy film covers on the skeleton of greenhouse front roof, and described insulation quilt covers on canopy film;One end, described greenhouse is provided with between import and export or buffering.
CN201620178448.7U 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Institutional advancement type sunlight greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN205389716U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620178448.7U CN205389716U (en) 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Institutional advancement type sunlight greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620178448.7U CN205389716U (en) 2016-03-09 2016-03-09 Institutional advancement type sunlight greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205389716U true CN205389716U (en) 2016-07-27

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108391539A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-14 吉林市东北生态农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of super span stacked high energy greenhouse and its building method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108391539A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-14 吉林市东北生态农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of super span stacked high energy greenhouse and its building method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160727

Termination date: 20170309

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee